Are Europeans and Americans defenders of democracy and hence democrats? 'We Syrians are losing our faith in the international community' (20 October 2015)
'While we still demand a political solution that removes Assad from power, the world must act now to stop the slaughter of civilians by his regime and Russia'
We, a group of Syrian civil society organisations and actors, both men and women, from multiple sects and ethnic and minority backgrounds, write this following Russia’s recent airstrikes (Russia sends in bombers and raises stakes in Syria, 1 October). It has become eminently clear that the international community has little political will to stop the bloodshed in Syria. Indeed, the international community’s collective failure to help end the conflict created the vacuum for the de facto occupation of our country by Iran and now Russia. While the United Nations has repeatedly expressed “deep concern” and “regret” at the tremendous loss of life and the mass displacement of Syrians, the international community has done next to nothing to deter the main perpetrator of the conflict in Syria: the Assad regime.
The dire situation in Syria is no mystery. After four years of conflict, half the country has been killed, displaced or exiled. Indeed, airstrikes by the Syrian regime are the foremost driver of the Syrian refugee crisis and the leading cause of death in Syria (66% of civilian deaths by May 2015); 95% of all deaths caused by regime airstrikes are civilians – not members of Isis or armed opposition groups. While UN resolution after resolution has condemned the use of indiscriminate weapons against civilians, there has been no international action to stop regime aerial attacks. And now Russia has joined in the slaughter of Syrians with nothing more than feigned concern by the international community.
Since Russia began its aerial assaults, it has already attacked locations in Homs, Hama, Idlib, Deraa, Latakia and Aleppo. Russia has bombed civilian homes, a field hospital in rural Hama, Al Yamadiya refugee camp and a refugee camp in Nuqayib in Idlib province, Free Syrian Army bases in rural Idlib and rural Latakia, and an archaeological site in rural Idlib. In its operations, Russia has killed over 100 civilians including at least 25 children and three brave “White Helmet” civil defence workers, Issam al-Saleh, Abdul-Latif al-Duheik, and Muhammad Abdo Barquomi.
Despite launching hundreds of missiles, Russia has largely failed to target Isis locations. Rather, it is clearly attacking opposition fighters and civilians living in non-regime areas. It is with tremendous irony that it took the United States three years to search for a moderate opposition to train and equip, yet Russia found and bombed that opposition within 24 hours.
While many of us rose up in 2011 seeking democratic reforms, we have only been met with bullets, tanks, bombs and missiles. Yet our message remains unchanged: the Assad regime and its allies are the root cause of the problems currently facing Syrians. Without dealing with the root, there is no hope for dealing with the consequences, including Isis, millions of refugees and now a broader international conflict that may result in the partition of Syria.
Despite Russia’s recent military involvement, we continue to demand a political solution that not only removes Assad from power but also maintains Syria’s unity as a single heterogeneous country. In the meantime, there must be serious action to stop Russia and the Assad regime from their aerial assaults on civilians and civilian infrastructure through a no-fly or no-bomb zone. Only through such measures can we truly protect civilians and develop sustainable civil administration. And only then might the Assad regime, and now Russia, feel sufficient pressure to enter into a genuine political negotiation as the least worst option for them.
Our cries have fallen on deaf ears for far too long, and the list of our dead continues to grow. While our faith in the international community has all but disappeared, we continue to speak out for the millions killed, arbitrarily detained and displaced, in the hope that our collective dream of living in a democratic country where all Syrians are guaranteed equal rights and freedoms is realised.
Yahia Nanaa Former president of the Aleppo provincial council, Arab
Gulsin Mohamad Founding member of the Sawa organisation, Qamishli, Kurdish
Hefa Jaja Organisation for the Protection of Human Rights, Hasakah, Kurdish
Ahed Nofal Lawyer, Organisation for Equal Citizenship, Druze
Shiyar Khaleal Kurdish journalist/activist, former political prisoner
Dr Abdulkarim Hariri Deraa local council, Arab
and 19 other Syrian civil society actors based in Tartus, Latakia, Damascus, Jaramana, Sweida, Deraa, Deir Ezzor, Aleppo, Idlib, Hasaka, Qamishli and Homs, of Kurdish, Circassian, Arab Bedouin, Assyrian, Alawite, Sunni, Shia, Christian and Druze backgrounds
70 Jahre nach dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs und der bestialischen Ermordung von Millionen von Menschen durch Deutsche, Japaner und weitere Verbündete schauen viele Europäer, Amerikaner und andere mehr oder weniger teilnahmslos zu, wie in Syrien seit Anfang 2011 Menschen, die es gewagt haben und wagen, Demokratie in ihrem Land gegenüber einem brutalen Diktator zu fordern, verfolgt, grausam und bestialisch gefoltert, hingerichtet und in Massakern durch Bodentruppen, in Luftangriffen, mit unterschiedslos tötenden sogenannten Faßbomben und mit Giftgas zu Hunderttausenden ermordet werden.
Die sich selbst beständig rühmenden europäischen und amerikanischen Staaten, sie seien Vorkämpfer der Demokratie, haben aus der von ihnen selbst mitzuverantwortenden Entwicklung hin zum Zweiten Weltkrieg kaum gelernt. 1936-1939 wurde die spanische Demokratie von einer nationalsozialistischen und faschistischen Militärallianz grausam ermordet mit hunderttausenden von Toten. Sehr eigennützige Unterstützung der spanischen Republik in nennenswertem Umfang kam nur von der Sowjetunion, die dann zum Untergang der Republik auch wegen verstärkter innerer Gegensätze beitrug. Der Faschismus und vor allem der NSDAP-Staat triumphierte und hatte Appetit bekommen. Er hatte gelernt, daß Brutalität zum Erfolg führt.
Seit 2011 entfalten Außenminister, Diplomaten, Vertreter der Vereinten Nationen etc., in den Jahren nach dem arabischen Frühling 2010/2011 also, eine rege Reisetätigkeit, schütteln nach erfolgten Kriegsverbrechen blutige Hände, ohne sehen zu wollen, wie auch ihre Hände blutig werden indem sie die Täter als gleichberechtigte Verhandlungspartner aufwerten und zu weiteren Verbrechen ermutigen. Den Tätern wird bedeutet, daß ihre begangenen Verbrechen nicht davon abhalten, sie zu umwerben und damit zugleich gesagt, daß eine Strafverfolgung wegen begangener und entsprechend zukünftiger Verbrechen von der Seite der Umwerbenden nicht zu befürchten ist. Eine Ausnahme wurde bekannt: Am 10. Mai 2015 wurde Putin vor laufenden Kameras eines Verbrechens gegen das internationale Recht bezichtigt. 'We achieved cooperation between NATO and Russia', Merkel said, 'due to the criminal and illegal, under international law, annexation of Crimea and the military conflicts in eastern Ukraine, this cooperation has suffered a serious setback.'
Der hauptsächliche seit 2011 und immer wieder ausgelegte Köder der iranischen, russischen und syrischen Kriegsverbrecher Ali Khamenei, Putin und Assad ist, daß angedeutet wird, in weiteren Verhandlungen könne es ein Entgegenkommen geben. Der Köder, ebenso immer wieder aufgegriffen, hat es den Reisediplomaten erlaubt ihre Geschäftigkeit lautstark fortzusetzen, zumeist mit Besorgnis garniert, um ihr Händeschütteln als Schritt zur Lösung des Konflikts zu präsentieren, und um den Medien Stoff für eine Berichterstattung zu liefern, die die wirklichen Entwicklungen und Ereignisse gegenüber Scheinaktivitäten häufig und interessiert ausgeblendet hat wie z.B. in Deutschland.
Daß der Servilismus gegenüber Assad, Putin und Ali Khamenei bis in deutsche Redaktionsstuben insbesondere der Fernsehanstalten (mit Quasi-Staatsfernsehen nach Finanzreform und ARD/ZDF-Steuer) hineinreicht, ist bei näherem Zusehen und angesichts der Verkommenheit der deutschen Sozialdemokratie seit 1914, begonnen mit ihrer Unterstützung des deutschen Angriffskrieges, nicht verwunderlich.
Die internationale Flüchtlingskrise 2014/2015 mit tausenden ertrunkenen Flüchtlingen im Mittelmeer und der Fluchtmarsch durch etliche Länder von hunderttausenden von verzweifelten Menschen um ihr Überleben, von Müttern, Kindern, Verletzten, Hungernden, Frierenden in Europa selbst nun wieder mit Stacheldraht, schießenden Soldaten und Polizisten schreckt einen Teilkontinent auf, der auf der einen Seite viele engagierte und helfende Menschen hat und auf der anderen Seite etliche gewissenlose Politiker wie z.B. Ungarns Putinbewunderer Orban und Profiteure der Europäischen Union. Die vielen sind die Träger und Verteidiger der Demokratie.
Den beteiligten Politikern, Profiteuren, Medienleuten, den Gleichgültigen, Ignoranten und Zynikern in der gegenwärtigen globalen Krise sei gesagt, daß es keine Ausflucht gibt. Ein Versagen in dieser Krise wird bedeuten, daß den Falschspielern und Verrätern im Namen der Demokratie jeglicher Rekurs auf den Begriff der Demokratie in Zukunft versperrt sein wird.
Eine Mobilisierung in sozialen Netzwerken, die z.B. bereits vorbildlich in der Organisation praktischer Unterstützung für Flüchtlinge in Deutschland aktiv sind, kann über Erreichtes hinaus Druck auf politische und sonstige Organisationen, Parteien und auch Regierungen aufbauen, um auf allen Ebenen eine Unterstützung der syrischen Demokratie zu erreichen. Das nächstliegende zentrale Ziel ist, die Lähmung der Vereinten Nationen, der wichtigsten Errungenschaft in der Folge der Weltkriege, zu überwinden. Es kann nicht sein, daß eine Schar von grausamen Verbrechern in Moskau, Damaskus, Teheran im Bündnis mit dem chinesischen Regime die Vereinten Nationen in ihren wichtigsten Handlungsmöglichkeiten zur Wiederherstellung und Sicherung von Frieden lahmlegt mit der Folge, daß gegenwärtig verantwortliche Repräsentanten dieser Vereinten Nationen und von Staaten dann wie gebannt auf jeden Wimpernschlag eines Assad, Putin und Ali Khamenei starren, damit ihnen die Andeutung eines Entgegenkommens nicht entgeht. Assad, Putin und Ali Khamenei sind nicht resozialisierbar sondern Fälle für die internationale Gerichtsbarkeit.
October 2015: 6 October 2015: Iranian General Qassem Soleimani's July visit to Moscow reportedly the first step in planning for a Russian military intervention in Syria, reshaping Assad's war against the Syrian people and opposition forces without an air force, and also forging a new Iranian-Russian alliance in support of Assad, after Iran lobbied in the summer for a Russian campaign in Syria, following the encouragement of the Iranian regime by a group of states including the permanent members of the UN Security Council China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, the USA, Germany and the European Union in the 'Iran nuclear deal framework' - 2/3 April 2015: Framework agreement on Iran's nuclear program reached in Lausanne E3+3 and Iran negotiations followed by falling oil prices
June 2016: 24 June 2016: UN's Stephen O’Brien says that the use of barrel bombs in the Syrian conflict 'constitutes indiscriminate attacks' against civilians, adding that their sole purpose is 'to terrorize and punish the civilian population', denouncing the international community’s silence over crimes committed by the Assad regime and terrorist groups in Syria for over five years - 24 June 2016: 12 civilians were killed and dozens more injured in Aleppo in airstrikes by Russian jets, using internationally banned weapons, most notably incendiary and cluster munitions
July 2016: 18/19 July 2016: Syrian Coalition's Maktabi says that the USA continues to ignore the terror practiced by the Russians in cooperation with the Iranians and the Assad regime in Syria, criticizing the absence of the international will to hold the Assad regime accountable for the war crimes and the inability of the international community to stop those crimes - 19 July: HNC expresses its surprise at the state of ambiguity of the Russian-USA deal on Syria, calling for greater transparency and credibility - 19 juillet 2016: Près de 60 civils, dont 11 enfants, morts et des dizaines de blessés mardi dans des raids de la coalition menée par les Etats-Unis près du village d'al-Toukhar tenu par Daech dans la province d'Alep, selon l'OSDH - 19 July 2016: As at least 500 civilians were killed in aerial attacks by the Assad regime and Russia forces on Aleppo and its countryside between 11-19 July mainly directed on the rebel-held areas, Syrian Coalition's Yahya says that the Syrian people lost confidence in the international community as more get killed every day
August 2016: 11 August 2016: Facing an attack on a medical facility every 17 hours, 15 of the last 35 doctors in rebel-held eastern Aleppo have written a letter to USA's Obama with an urgent plea for intervention to stop the bombardment of hospitals in the besieged city by the Russian-backed Syrian air force, saying 'we do not need tears or sympathy or even prayers, we desperately need a zone free from bombing over eastern Aleppo to stop the attacks', as some doctors refused to sign the letter because they had no wish to make any more appeals to the west
September 2016: 3 September 2016: Annual report, co-produced by Handicap International and the Cluster Munition Coalition, on cluster munitions reveals Russia’s 'intense and repeated' use of cluster munitions in Syria, especially in the provinces of Aleppo, Homs and Idlib - 3 September 2016: At least 50 civilians were killed and many more injured when Assad regime jets hit a convoy carrying civilians fleeing the town of Souran in northern rural Hama, as activists say that a total of 108 civilians were killed across Syria on Thursday, including 19 children and 13 women - 3 September 2016: Warplanes bombed areas in the city of Khan Shaykhun south of Idlib province, where the raids targeted the medical point in the city, which got it out of service damaging and destroying the medical point’s equipment and tools - 4 September 2016: Russian-backed Syrian regime sees siege tactics pay off as measures like burning farmland and denying entry to medical aid has led to surrender of key holdout areas of Daraya and Moadamiyeh, once hubs of the Syrian uprising
September 2016: 20 September 2016: 'Present in this Hall today are representatives of governments that have ignored, facilitated, funded, participated in or even planned and carried out atrocities inflicted by all sides of the Syria conflict against Syrian civilians', 'many groups have killed many innocents –
but none more so than the Government of Syria, which continues to barrel bomb neighbourhoods and systematically torture thousands of detainees', 'powerful patrons that keep feeding the war machine also have blood on their hands', Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says addressing to the UN General Assembly - 21 September 2016: Russian planes dropped bombs that destroyed UN aid convoy and killed at least 20 people in opposition-controlled Urem al-Kubra in Syria, according to USA officials also saying two Russian Sukhoi SU-24 warplanes were in the sky above the aid convoy at the precise time it was struck
October 2016: 5 October 2016: How did the world remain silent during the Holocaust? Exactly the way it’s doing in Aleppo, Israeli News Company's Nitzan Horowitz says, adding that President Obama, at the end of his term, must enforce a no-fly zone if the massacre is to end
15 November 2016: 15 November 2016: Six days after USA elections and one day after Putin-Trump phone call, Russian regime launches major Syria offensive from aircraft carrier, renewing murderous bombardment on Aleppo after failed attempts to negotiate humanitarian aid into the besieged city
Heute, am 25. November 2016 und mehr als ein Jahr nach Stellung der als Überschrift dieses Artikels gewählten Frage, ob die Europäer und Nordamerikaner Verteidiger der Demokratie und daher Demokraten seien, hat eine weltweit wachsende Gesetzlosigkeit eine schreckliche Qualität erreicht.
Der Verfasser dieses Artikels wünschte, die gegebene Analyse vom Oktober 2015 und der Ausblick hätte sich als nicht stichhaltig erwiesen und er hätte sich geirrt.
Sechs Jahre nach Beginn des arabischen Frühlings in Tunesien, und in seiner Folge des Erwachens und Wiedererwachens demokratischer Bewegungen in Nordafrika und im von Europäern so genannten Mittleren Osten, droht in Syrien die Demokratie vollends der Barbarei zu unterliegen. Fast sechs Jahre lang hieß es auf der Seite angeblich demokratischer Politiker und Parteien in Europa und Nordamerika (von Obama bis Steinmeier, Trump und François Fillon etc.), man müsse - immer mit zur Schau gestellter Besorgnis - mit den Vertretern von Assads Diktatur, Folter, Terror und mit den Kriegsverbrechern zu seinem Machterhalt im Gespräch und Dialog bleiben, da es keine militärische sondern nur eine politische Lösung geben könne. Sie haben mit ihrem Verrat an der Demokratie, mit ihrem Verrat an hundertausenden ermorderten syrischen Menschen, mit geduldeter und sogar politisch und militärisch unterstützter Gesetzlosigkeit (s. zum Beispiel USA Waffen für die terroristische Hezbollah) mit herbeigeführt, daß sich zum Jahreswechsel 2016/2017 die militärische Lösung Assads, Putins, Ali Khameneis, der Hezbollah und der Triumph der seit Monaten eskalierenden Barbarei abzeichnet.
9.02.2018: Die Verbrechen Assads, Putins, Ali Khameneis und der Hezbollah haben eine Brutalität, ein Ausmaß und entsprechende Folgen erreicht, daß ihnen aus ihrer Sicht nur eine fortgeführte militärische Lösung bleibt um der unvermeidlichen und früher oder später erfolgreichen Strafverfolgung zu entgehen. Dieser wäre nämlich durch eine politische Lösung der Weg eröffnet. Die Geschichte hat ihr Urteil längst gesprochen, auch über die Komplizen, Untersützer, politisch verantwortlichen Zuschauer und Dulder der Verbrechen an der syrischen Bevölkerung. Erbarmungslos wird ihr keine Zeit gelassen für ein juristisches Urteil, welches den Opfern später nicht mehr hilft.
December 2016: 7 December 2016: 'People ... have lost trust in everyone - in world leaders, in the international organisations that are watching them being killed, they lost faith in the United Nations, and they just count the days to their death' says Syria Relief's Dr Mounir Hakimi, the chairman of one of the last NGOs on the ground in Aleppo, as a joint statement by Canada, France, Germany, Italy, UK and USA contains no commitments to new action and the USA ambassador to the UN Samantha Power tells AP that diplomatic efforts appeared to have failed, saying 'diplomacy has not delivered for the people of Aleppo, it is not us that walked away from diplomacy' - 8 December 2016: Western diplomats have conceded that there are no technical obstacles to a plan to deliver airdrops of food and medicine to Aleppo using a GPS-guided parachute system, but the scheme has been stalled in the face of reluctance among military commanders and an absence of political will
7 December 2016: 7 December 2016: 72 hours of bombardment escalation by warplanes of the regimes of Putin and Assad on Idlib province kills 121 civilians and wounds tens of others
- 7 December 2016: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Lattakia province
, in Hama and in Homs province
, in Rif Damashq province
, in Damascus province
, again in Idlib and in Rif Damashq province
, in Daraa province
, again in Hama province
, and in Aleppo, as dozens of corpses are still in the streets from Shaar neighborhood, because the ambulances and rescue teams are not able to pull the corpses due to the murderous Russian and Assad's military operations
- 7 December 2016: At least 135 civilians killed and hundreds more injured in Russian and Assad airstrikes and barrel bomb attacks on Idlib province over the past three days, as the bombardment targeted mainly public markets and residential buildings in a grave escalation in parallel with the ongoing brutal onslaught on Aleppo
13 December 2016: 13 December 2016: Assad regime forces continue their attempts to take over the rest of the eastern Aleppo, and kill tens of civilians, fighters and their families in the neighborhoods they advanced to
- 13 December 2016: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Aleppo amid aerial bombardments
, as the documented number of murdered people in Aleppo by aerial bombardment, barrel bombs, shells, clashes, and missiles rose to 1,134 since the 15th of November until the 12th of December 2016
, in Daraa and in Rif Damashq province, supported by Lebanese Hezbollah terrorists
, and in Aleppo province
- 13 December 2016: OPCW seriously concerned about claims that at least 105 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed by a gas attack in central Syria when airstrikes hit a cluster of five villages, as up to 300 people were injured as a result of the intense airstrikes and attacks by Sarin nerve agent by Assad regime and Russian air forces on several villages in eastern rural Hama
- 13 December 2016: At least 82 civilians, including 11 women and 13 children, in four different neighborhoods of eastern Aleppo have been killed by Assad regime troops and allied Iraqi militia, 'being shot in the street trying to flee and shot in their homes', UN says
- 13 December 2016: Interior Minister Aryeh Deri says that he had asked PM Netanyahu to officially request an emergency UN Security Council session on the worsening humanitarian situation in Syria, asserting that, 'as Jews, we cannot ignore these atrocities'
24 December 2016: 24 December 2016: Rejecting UN Security Council's resolution which describes the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem and the Western Wall as occupied territory and condemns Israel's settlement policy, Israel's PM Netanyahu says with the necessary clarity, that 'half a million Syrians are being slaughtered in Syria, tens of thousands are butchered in Sudan, the Middle East is up in flames, yet the Obama administration and the UN Security Council choose to set upon the only democracy in the Middle East'
, but forgets to mention his own recent meetings with war criminal Putin in Moscow
, also encouraging the Russians, Iranians and Hezbollah to commit more war crimes
- 24 December 2016: Confusing the council with a delayed committee of the murderous Roman Empire
, UN Security Council condemns Israeli settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, destroying the last remainder of UN's credibility, completely incapable to deal with enemies of mankind and proceeding war crimes against the Syrian people since 6 years
January 2017: 1 January 2017: SOHR documented death of 3,117 persons in December 2016, including 1,116 civilians and 247 children - 4 January 2017: At least 86 journalist and media activists were killed and 123 others injured in Syria in 2016, according to SNHR rights group, adding that Assad regime forces were responsible for the overwhelming majority of the deaths, and that 11 journalists were killed and 31 wounded in Russian attacks across Syria in 2016 - 5 January 2017: Destruction in Aleppo unimaginable, 400,000 civilians are displaced inside, according to UNHCR's Sajjad Malik - 9 January 2017: Rights group SNHR recorded at least 1,373 attacks on vital civilian facilities across Syria in 2016, saying that Assad regime forces and their allies were responsible for the overwhelming majority of attacks - 11 January 2017: Over 13,000 barrel bombs hit rebel-held areas across Syria in 2016, claiming the lives of hundreds of civilians, SNHR says
February 2017: 1 February 2017: SOHR documented since the 24th of August 2016, the date of the entry of Turkish forces into Syria, the death of 3,231 Syrian civilians by Russian, Assad and Turkish airstrikes, including 784 children and 436 citizen women - 5 February 2017: 11 attacks on vital medical and civil defense facilities in January 2017, SNHR says - 8 February 2017: No less than 21 massacres in January 2017, including 11 massacres at the hands of the Russian and Syrian regime, SNHR says - 9 February 2017: Despite the ceasefire agreement, barrel bombs are being dropped at the same rates as prior to the agreement, SNHR says - 10 February 2017: At least 162 rescue workers have so far lost their lives while performing their humanitarian duty in search and rescue operations among the rubble of buildings destroyed by the Assad regime and Russian forces in 2016, according to the Syrian Civil Defense's 3rd Annual Conference - 11 February 2016: 620 civilians at least lost their lives within 6 weeks of the clinically dead truce of the Caesar and Sultan, SOHR says - 11 February 2017: Despite Ankara ceasefire agreement, 79 vital civilian facilities were attacked in January 2017, 62 at the hands of the Syrian-Russian regime, SNHR says
March 2017: 14 March 2017: Assad's air force deliberately bombed water sources in December 2016, a war crime that cut off water for 5.5 million people in and around the capital Damascus, the UN Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria says, adding that the attack was one of several war crimes including the use of lethal chlorine gas and the bombing of shools and medical facilities committed by Assad's forces - 15 March 2017: The 'weaponisation' of healthcare in Syria, involving the targeted destruction of medical facilities and the killing of hundreds of healthcare workers, including torture and executions, is unprecedented and has profound and dangerous implications for medical neutrality in conflict zones, according to a Lancet study, also criticising UN agencies and the international community for failing to hold the aggressors, who are breaking international conventions, to account - 3 April 2017: A total of 1,134 civilians were killed in Syria in March 2017 despite the December 'ceasefire', according to SNHR - 14 April 2017: A total of 114 vital civilian facilities and civilian structures across Syria were targeted by attacks during March 2017, as regime forces were responsible for 47 attacks, while Russian forces were responsible for 39 more, according to SOHR
April 2017: 3 April 2017: Fighter jets, believed to be Russian, bombed the National Hospital, the main hospital in the town of Maaret Alnouman in rural Idlib on Sunday, putting the hospital out of service and injuring at least ten people - April 2017 Khan Shaykhun chemical attack - 5 April 2017: Warplanes thought to be Russian carried out heavy and concentrated airstrikes on rescue centers and medical facilities which were treating victims of the chemical attack in Khan Sheikhoun, Civil Defense in Idlib countryside says - 8 April 2017: Russian regime sends another murderous warship armed with cruise missiles to battlegroup off Syrian coast, as the tragedy of a father who lost more than 20 family members in Khan Sheikhun chemical attack is reported - 10 April 2017: Russian airstrikes targeted the main hospital of Dael in southern Daraa, killing and wounding medics and patients and forcing services to stop, local activists say - 10 April 2017: At least 21 civilians were killed when Russian jets struck the northern Idlib province with cluster bombs, as Russia’s jets also hit towns of Maerherma and Basamis with white phosphorous - 10/11 April 2017: Russian air force have intensified bombing raids on towns and villages in the provinces of Hama and Idlib in revenge attacks, causing dozens of civilian casualties and using internationally banned weapons - 15 April 2017: Syrian Coalition says that Russia once again chose to side with a mass murderer and to stand by the Assad regime after it committed the horrific crime against civilians using chemical weapons in the town of Khan Sheikhoun - 18/20 April 2017: Russia’s truce violations outnumber those of Assad's regime in last two days, as Putin's murderous regime has intensified its bombing raids on rebel-held areas in the provinces of Aleppo, Hama, and Idlib over the past two days using internationally prohibited weapons, such as the white phosphorous, cluster bombs, and napalm - 25 April 2017: Civilians reported dead and wounded after central market in Khan Sheikhoun, the site of this month's chemical attack, is struck by warplanes thought to be Russian - 26 April 2017: French intelligence has concluded that Assad forces carried out the sarin nerve gas attack on 4 April in northern Syria and that Assad or members of his inner circle ordered the strike - 26 April 2017: Assad regime or Russian warplanes kill 12 people wounding others in Kafr Takharim in the rebel-held Idleb countryside after striking a hospital with a number of air raids, victims include doctors and nurses, alongside a number of patients receiving treatment at the time of the raids - 26 April 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Idlib province dropping barrel bombs, amid aerial bombardements and as warplanes believed to be Russian carried out another massacre - 27 April 2017: 4 warplanes believed to be Russian carried out 4 consecutive raids at the dawn of today on the Hospital of the Syrian Medical University at the outskirts of Deir Sharqi in Idlib province, killing 6 citizens including 2 children - 27 April 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Damascus and in Homs province, in Aleppo and again in Homs province, in Idlib province, where warplanes carried out several raids and helicopters dropped explosive barrels on areas at the outskirts of Khan Shaykhun city, in Hama province, again in Damascus and in Daraa province
May 2017: 1 May 2017 Human Rights Watch documentation: Death by Chemicals - The Syrian Government’s Widespread and Systematic Use of Chemical Weapons - 1 May 2017: New evidence shows pattern of nerve-agent use by the Syrian Assad regime, according to Human Rights Watch - 1 May 2017: Assad’s air force, backed by Russian forces, committed a brutal massacre when helicopters of the Assad regime dropped around 15 barrel bombs on residential neighborhoods in Dara’a city on Sunday, killing dozens of civilians, mostly children and women - 3 May 2017: Syrian Coalition condemns the bombing that targeted the headquarters of the Syrian interim government in Azaz in northern Aleppo province, killing at least five civilians and wounding many more - 4 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Idlib province - 5 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa and in Homs province, also dropping barrel bombs, and in Deir Ezzor province - 6 May 2017: Assad regime forces shell the towns of Kafr Zita and Latamneh and fighter jets fire at the rebel-held village of al-Zalakiyat and nearby positions in the Hama countryside, following a so-called 'safe zones' agreement by Russia, Turkey and Iran, announced to go into effect at midnight on Friday, which evidentially exists only on paper - 6 May 2017: Violations continue after 17 hours of the start of the Astana 'ceasefire' agreement, and the major escalation has been documented in the countryside of Hama, as warplanes carried out raids and barrel bombs were dropped - 7 May 2017: Violations of the Astana 'ceasefire' with rockets and barrel bombs in most of the 'de-escalation zones', killing one child, the largest escalation reported in the countryside of Hama - 8 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province amid aerial bombardements and dropping of barrel bombs, in Deir Ezzor province, in Daraa and in Rif Damashq province, and in Damascus province, also launching missiles - 8 May 2017: Bombardment and military operations by regime forces backed by Iranian militias and the Russian air force continue unabated in many rebel-held areas across Syria, as the Russian air force carried out a horrific massacre in eastern rural Aleppo claiming the lives of 12 civilians on Sunday - 10 May 2017: 23 medical workers killed in Russian and Assad regime strikes in April, as over 280 medical centers were destroyed and 150 staff members killed in 2016, according to Syrian interim government report - 10 May 2017: The fourth day of the ceasefire witnesses continued violations in several areas of the 'de-escalation zones', in Damascus, in Daraa, in Hama, in Homs and in Rif Damashq province, amid aerial bombardements - 10 May 2017: The targeting of medical facilities by the Assad regime and Russian air forces, sometimes with banned weapons, aims to displace local residents, according to SNHR - 12 May 2017: It rose to at least 15 at least, including 5 children and women, the number of persons who were killed in the airstrikes that targeted places in the areas of Bier al-Hasheem and the Gas Factory al-Raqqah province by warplanes believed to belong to the International Coalition - 12 May 2017: The ceasefire completes its 6th day with renewed violations in the 'de-escalation areas' from north to south of Syria, in Daraa, Hama, Homs and in Rif Damashq province - 12 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa province, killing two civilians and a person from al-Lajat area under torture inside Assad's detention camps - 13 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province - 13 May 2017: A child was killed while 7 other persons were injured due to bombing by warplanes on areas in al-Hawiqah neighborhood in Deir Ezzor amid more aerial bombardements in the countryside - 14 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Homs province, in Rif Damashq province, also dropping barrel bombs, and in Hama province, amid aerial bombardements - 15 May 2017: Assad’s victims given voice in haunting new film by former BBC producers Sara Afshar and Nicola Cutcher, methodically documenting the brutality of the Assad government, its crackdown on democratic protests sinc 2011 and its jailing of activists including gripping firsthand testimony from some of the victims - 15 May 2017: There are fears of a looming disaster in Syria's last opposition stronghold of Idlib, with up to 2 million civilians trapped in the region vulnerable to attack from Russian and Assad forces, at the mercy of a jihadist group arresting FSA fighters, as Turkey has officially closed its border so unless civilians are able to pay a bribe - 16 May 2017: The Assad regime has constructed and is using a crematorium at its notorious Sednaya military prison near Damascus to clandestinely dispose of the bodies of prisoners it continues to execute inside the facility, according to the USA State Department - 17 May 2017: Six civilians were killed and a number of others wounded on Tuesday in a regime bombardment of towns in the Eastern Ghouta - 17 May 2017: Ghouta lifelines closed as regime tightens grip on opposition areas - 17 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province, killing 24 persons at least in the eastern countryside, in Daraa province, again in Hama province - 18 May 2017: Assad regime bombards Kafr Laha in Homs province with vacuum bombs, killing a woman and injuring others, opposition website reports - 18/19 May 2017: USA jets have attacked a convoy of Iranian-backed militiamen in the first clash between the USA military and forces loyal to the Iranian regime, in south-eastern Syria where Syrian opposition forces backed by the USA have been under recent attack by Assad and Russian jets, near al-Tanf and the main road linking Damascus to Baghdad, destroying Russian-made heavy weapons, killing six of the pro-Assad militiamen and wounding 25 - 19 May 2017: Eyewitness supports claims of detainee executions by Assad regime's intelligence, saying bodies of prisoners were buried under security headquarters after being tortured to death - 19 May 2017: Assad regime forces on Wednesday arrested about 1,100 people, around 600 men and 500 women, fleeing Qaboun, north of Damascus, despite an agreement reached Sunday to evacuate the opposition-held district - 19 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Aleppo and in Idlib province, in Daraa province, also dropping barrel bombs, in Hama and in Homs province - 30 May 2017: Russian warplanes kill about 30 Syrian civilians in the 20th month of their airstrikes in Syria - 30 May 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province
June 2017: 1 June 2017: UN's Guterres calls for referring Syrian file to the International Criminal Court, accusing the Syrian regime of hampering the access of civilians to humanitarian aid - 1 June 2017: Despite the truce, the month of May has seen the violent death of about 980 civilians including 87 persons killed in the 'de-escalation zones' - 2 June 2017: More barrel bombs were dropped by regime forces in Daraa province - 3 June 2017: Syria’s dictator Bashar Al-Assad personally ordered the development and production of nerve gas in order to use it against his own people in early 2009, two years before his war against the Syrian people began, the French investigative website Mediapart has revealed - 3 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama and in Idlib province - 4 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa province, amid aerial bombardements, in Hama province, again in Daraa province, dropping barrel bombs, again in Daraa city with more than 160 raids, air and ground strikes in 24 hours - 5 June 2017: A total of eight medical and rescue workers were killed in attacks on their centers across Syria in May 2017, also at least six attacks on vital civilian facilities across Syria recorded, according to SNHR - 5 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province, dropping barrel bombs on areas in Qlyb al-Thor and Salamiyah, in Daraa province, also killing 2 men from Al-Sheikh Meskin and Tassel under torture in Assad's prisons and launching about 275 missiles and artillery shells on Daraa city, and in Rif Damashq province - 6 June 2017: Assad's forces set fire to farmlands in northwestern rural Hama after the villagers refused to pay a fine to regime forces - 6 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa province, amid aerial, bombardements - 7 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa province - 8 June 2017: At least 17 people including civilians and children were killed over 24 hours in Daraa province as regime forces and allied militias waged a major offensive including airstrikes targeting the southern border town and its countryside - 12 June 2017: The Assad regime is using internationally banned weapons in its onslaught on the city of Dara’a, causing civilian casualties and widespread destruction in their military campaign, targeting populated areas with more than 20 napalm-filled barrel bombs, mainly targeting residential buildings and vital civilian facilities - 13 June 2017: Iran attempts to expand control through Syria as Islamic State terrorists near defeat - 19/20 June 2017: USA's shooting down of Syrian Assad regime's jet seen as 'act of aggression’ by the Russian regime, which will track coalition warplanes west of the Euphrates, as Syria Democratic Forces get ahead of the regime forces in controlling the 1st village north of al-Resafa city in the southern countryside of Al-Raqqah, and as shells target areas controlled by Syria Democratic Forces in the northern countryside of Aleppo - 20 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Damascus province, amid aerial bombardments, in Hama and in Homs province, in Daraa province, also dropping barrel bombs amid aerial bombardments - 20/21 June 2017: USA shoots down second Iran-made armed drone over Syria in 12 days, as it approached outpost near borders of Syria, Iraq, and Jordan, displaying hostile intent and advancing on coalition forces - 21 June 2017: Despite the truce, warplanes of al-Assad’s regime kill 72 civilians at least in month of airstrikes on Syrian areas, as SOHR documents more than 2,346 raids and barrel bombs at least - 21 June 2017: A massacre in Khasham town kills 13 persons including a man, his children and grandchildren, killed by warplanes that were not known whether they were Russian or Assad's - 21 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa province, amid aerial bombardments - 22 June 2017: About 20 casualties in 2 massacres in Deir Ezzor city and its countryside carried out by warplanes in 2 consecutive days - 23 June 2017: Turkey sends reinforcements into northern Syria to fight Kurds, rebel allies - 23 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Idlib province, and in Daraa province - 23 June 2017: Regime army resumes air strikes in Syrian city of Daraa - 24 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Rif Damashq province, also dropping more barrel bombs, in Daraa province, in Damascus province, and in Homs province - 25 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa, in Hama and in al-Quneitra province, in Damascus and in Rif Damashq province, amid aerial bombardments, and in Aleppo province - 26 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Homs province, in Hama province, in Lattakia province, and in Daraa province - 27 June 2017: Dozens of civilians reportedly killed and wounded during Russian and international coalition airstrikes on the cities and countryside of Deir-ez-Zor, Raqqa and Hassakeh - 27 June 2017: Heavy armored Assad units fail to break rebels in the Eastern Ghouta suburb Ain Termeh following over a week and a half of heavy clashes - 27 June 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province
July 2017: 1 July 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa and in Homs province, in Damascus and in Rif Damashq province, and in Hama province - 1 July 2017: Up to 13,000 detainees, including 161 children and 41 women, have died under torture in the prisons of the Assad regime since 2011, according to SNHR - 2 July 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Rif Damashq province, also dropping more barrel bombs - 3 July 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Homs province - in Daraa province, also dropping barrel bombs, in Damascus and in Rif Damashq province - 3 July 2017: FSA groups operating in rural Damascus said that the Assad regime forces have used the toxic chlorine gas four times in attacks on the towns of Zamalka and Ayn Tarma in eastern Ghouta over the past 24 hours - 3 July 2017: At least 108 people were killed under torture in Syria in the first half of 2017, including 26 people who died under torture in June, according to SNHR - 4 July 2017: At least 16 civilians reportedly killed in southern Suweida province when Russian warplanes struck a village on the border with Jordan - 4 July 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa province, also dropping barrel bombs - 25 July 2017: International investigators urge accountability for war crimes in Syria, as UN commission member Carla Del Ponte says that the violations in Syria are by far the worst she has ever come across, 'but nothing happens, only words, words, and more words' - 29 July 2017: A joint investigation by Syrian rights groups has revealed new information on the systematic targeting of health facilities in Idlib province by the Assad regime and Russian forces during the month of April 2017 - 30 July 2017: 85 civilian casualties in a month raise to more than 5,300 the number of Syrian civilians who were killed in 22 months of Russian airstrikes, according to SOHR - 31 July 2017: Assad and Russian forces step up bombing on Eastern Ghouta despite cease-fire, reportedly violating the truce 98 times
August 2017: 2 August 2017: Assad regime forces continue their shelling and carry out a massacre in Ein Tarma in Rif Damashq province, causing about 17 casualties and injuries - 2 August 2017: A total of 814 civilians were killed across Syria in July, which saw a 11% rise in the percentage of the casualties among women and children, according to SNHR - 14 August 2017: Enough evidence to convict Assad of war crimes, according to del Ponte, saying that 'the preparatory work has been done', but 'there is no prosecutor and no court' - 14 August 2017: Assad regime carried out five chemical attacks in Damascus and its countryside after Khan Sheikoun masacre, according to SNHR - 22 August 2017: Two shipments of North Korean chemical weapons bound for Syria's Assad regime and part of a Damascus-Pyongyang arms deal have reportedly been intercepted by UN member states in the past six months, as activities between Assad and North Korean regime under investigation includes Scud missile programs and surface-to-air missiles systems - 27 August 2017: 90,000 Russian airstrikes since September 2015 allowed Syria’s Assad regime to quadruple its territory, Russian regime's military says
September 2017: 28 September 2017: Assad regime and Russian airstrikes knock out health facilities across Syria - 28 September 2017: Russian and Assad regime’s war crimes against Syrian people continue unabated - 29 September 2017: 10 days of bombing by warplanes of Russian and the regime kill and injure about 570 civilians in about 1,400 raids on the provinces of Idlib and Hama, according to SOHR
October 2017: 23 October 2017: One-month-old Sahar, her ribs protruding under translucent skin, breathed her last on Sunday in Syria’s Eastern Ghouta, where a crushing regime siege has pushed hundreds of children to the brink of starvation - 23 October 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Aleppo and in Hama province, including aerial bombardments in Hama province, in Rif Damashq province, amid escalation of aerial bombardment by Russian warplanes and regime’s warplanes in Deir Ezzor province - 26/27 October 2017: Syria’s Assad forces are responsible for the deadly sarin gas attack on the rebel-held town of Khan Sheikhun that killed scores of people in April, UN expert panel’s report says, as USA reaffirms Assad’s rule must end - 30 October 2017: Dozens of Syrian children were forced to flee a kindergarten after it was allegedly bombed by Assad regime forces, highlighting the suffering of civilians in areas besieged by Assad and the rampant abuses in his six-year war - 31 October 2017: At least five civilians were killed in addition to dozens being wounded in the city of Hamouriyah, when Assad regime forces heavily bombed a popular market in the city with artillery fire - 31 October 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Aleppo and in Homs province, as two citizens from Aqraba town in Daraa province were killed under torture in regime’s security detentions after about 5 years of being arrested
November 2017: 24 November 2017: Children starve in siege of Syria's former breadbasket Rif Damashq province, as the siege by Assad forces of eastern Ghouta, which also suffered in the deadly 2013 sarin gas attack, has continued for years with conditions getting steadily worse - 24 November 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Rif Damashq province, and in Daraa province - 25 November 2017: The World Health Organization WHO said that health officials in eastern Ghouta have reported that 84 people have been killed and another 659 injured in intensified bombardments by Assad regime forces on the rebel-held area during a 4-day period alone from 14 to 17 November - 26 November 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province, in Daraa and in Idlib province - 27 November 2017: At least 53 civilians, including 21 children, perished early Sunday morning when Russian air strikes reportedly hit the village of Al-Shafah in Deir Ezzor province in eastern Syria - 27 November 2017: Warplanes carried out massacres on Sunday, killing 25 citizens including 5 children and 3 women in Eastern Ghouta, while the number of the casualties who were killed by raids targeting areas in Mdira town has increased to 7 persons including two children and two citizen women, and while two citizens were killed by shelling by the regime forces by missiles on areas in Douma city - 27 November 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama and in Rif Damashq province, amid aerial bombardments, and in Deir Ezzor province, also dropping barrel bombs - 28 November 2017: SNHR says it had recorded at least 14 massacres and 53 attacks by the Assad regime and its Russian ally on vital civilian centers in eastern Ghouta, including seven medical facilities since 22 July 2017
December 2017: 1 December 2017: International rights group says that the Assad regime has used internationally banned cluster munitions in attacks on the Damascus suburb of eastern Ghouta, accusing it of committing war crimes on 'an epic scale', as UN seeks urgent medical evacuations from besieged East Ghouta - 1 December 2017: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Daraa and in Homs province, in Rif Damashq province, and in Aleppo province, amid aerial bombardments - 3/4 December 2017: The Eastern Ghouta witnesses the highest daily civilian death toll in 20 consecutive days of aerial and ground escalation on its cities and towns, as rights group SNHR records 20% increase in civilian deaths caused by Assad regime and Russian forces in November - 4 December 2017: Assad’s warplanes continue massacres in Eastern Ghouta as opposition slams international silence - 30 December 2017: Dozens of people were killed and wounded in the intensifying bombing campaign by the Russian and Assad regime forces on towns and villages of rural Idlib - 30 December 2017: In 2017 rights groups have documented the deaths of thousands of Syrian children by the Assad regime during military operations against the liberated areas through its indiscriminate use of internationally banned weapons and chemical weapons as well as other tactics such as besiegement and starvation of the civilian population, as Unicef calls 2017 one of the worst years for children caught in conflicts
January 2018: 2 January 2018: A total of 10,204 civilians were killed in Syria in 2017, including 569 in December, according to SNHR - 2 January 2018: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Hama province
February 2018: 9 February 2018: The death toll mounted steadily throughout Thursday in Eastern Ghouta, which has been besieged since 2013, with the SOHR tallying 75 civilians dead by the evening, as the death toll from a four-day Assad regime assault on the rebel enclave on the outskirts of Damascus soaring past 220, and as UN appeal for ceasefire goes unheeded, after the Russian regime of mass murderers and war criminals dismissed the proposal as 'unrealistic' - 9 February 2018: At least six people, including children, were killed on Thursday in fresh Russian/Assad regime airstrikes targeting two schools in the northern province of Idlib, also killing ten civilians and wounding dozens more in heavy aerial bombing on the town of Maarrat al-Numan, according to the Civil Defense - 19 February 2018: Continuing Russian-backed terror attacks, Assad regime forces shell places and carry out raids on areas in Rif Damashq province, with the participation of helicopters for the first time in the skies of Ghouta with the warplanes, killing and injuring dozens of citizens, in Daraa and Idlib province, amid aerial bombardments, in Hama and in Homs province, again in Daraa and Hama province, raising the number of civilian casualties in the besieged Ghouta, including many children and women, and documented by the SOHR - 19/20 February 2018: The number of civilian causalities is still increasing in Afrin area as a result of ongoing shelling by the Turkish forces on villages and places, as Turkish advance stumbles - 20 February 2018: Bombs still fall on Syria's Ghouta after heaviest toll in years, as Assad regime uses barrel bombs, attacks hospitals, as a doctor in eastern Ghouta says 'we are standing before the massacre of the 21st century', and as Assad's shelling also hit Douma, where attacked toddlers were brought to hospital covered in dust
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