Asia



Asia - Geography of Asia - Regions of Asia - Central Asia - East Asia - Southeast Asia - South Asia - Western Asia

Economy of Asia: The Economy of Asia comprises more than 4.4 billion people in 2016 (60% of the world population) living in 49 different states - List of Asian countries by GDP - Agriculture in Asia by country - Labor in Asia by country - Rural society in Asia
Economic history of Asia: Economic history of Asia and by country
1997 Asian financial crisis: 1997 Asian financial crisis
2007–2008 world food price crisis: 2007–2008 world food price crisis
Since 2008 worldwide 'Great Recession' in Asia: While beginning in the USA, the Great Recession since 2008 spread to Asia rapidly and has affected much of the region
Since 2019/2020 socio-economic impact of Chinese coronavirus pandemic on Asia: Socio-economic impact of the 2019–20 Chinese coronavirus pandemic on Asia
20 March 2020 travel restrictions threaten Asian migrant labourers: 20 March 2020: Travel restrictions aimed at slowing the spread of Chinese coronavirus, which has infected more than 245,000 people globally and killed more than 10,000, threaten to leave millions of South Asian migrant labourers without work

Labor and labor relations in Asia by country: Labor in Asia by country - Labor relations in Asia - Trade unions in Asia by country

Poverty in Asia by country: Poverty in Asia by country - Social class in Asia - Rural society in Asia
Social issues in Asia: Social issues in Asia by country

History of Central Asia
Economy of Central Asia: Economy of Central Asia - Energy in Central Asia - Natural gas fields in Central Asia - Central Asia–Center gas pipeline system - Oil fields of Central Asia
Agriculture in Central Asia: Agriculture in Central Asia, the five Central Asian countries are highly agrarian, with 60% of the population living in rural areas and agriculture accounting for over 45% of total number of employed and nearly 25% of GDP on average
Demographics of Central Asia: Demographics of Central Asia
Environment of Central Asia: Geology of Central Asia - Natural history of Central Asia - Climate of Central Asia
Landforms and ecoregions of Central Asia: Landforms of Central Asia - Ecoregions of Asia - Mountains of Central Asia - Deserts of Central Asia
Water in Central Asia: Water in Asia - Rivers of Asia by country - Central Asian Internal Drainage Basin
Aral Sea: Aral Sea, formerly one of the four largest lakes in the world but shrinking since the 1960s, was an endorheic lake (one with no outflow) lying between Kazakhstan in the north and Uzbekistan in the south, as the Aral Sea drainage basin encompasses Uzbekistan and parts of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and Iran
Caspian Sea: The Caspian Sea, the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, and an endorheic basin (a basin without outflows) located between Europe and Asia, bounded by Kazakhstan to the northeast, Russia to the northwest, Azerbaijan to the west, Iran to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southeast
August 2018: 12 août 2018: Cinq pays bordant la mer Caspienne ont signé dimanche au Kazakhstan une convention définissant le statut légal de cette mer d'Asie qui recèle d'importants gisements d'hydrocarbures

History of East Asia
Economy of East Asia: Economy of East Asia
Environment of East Asia: Environment of East Asia - Natural history of East Asia
East Asian monsoon and rainy season: East Asian monsoon carries moist air from the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean to East Asia, affecting approximately one-third of the global population, influencing the climate of Japan (including Okinawa), the Koreas, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, the Philippines, Indochina, and much of mainland China - East Asian rainy season

History of Southeast Asia
Economy of Southeast Asia: Economy of Southeast Asia
Environment of Southeast Asia: Environment of Southeast Asia

History of South Asia
Economy of South Asia: Economy of South Asia
Environment, climate and water of South Asia: Natural history of Asia - Geology of the Himalaya - Climate of South Asia - Water in Asia
Himalayas: Himalayas mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau - Ecoregions of the Himalayas - Ecology of the Himalayas
Glaciers of the Himalayas: Glaciers of the Himalayas
February 2019 melting due to climate change: 4 February 2019: At least a third of the huge ice fields in Asia’s towering mountain chain are doomed to melt due to climate change, according to a landmark new report, with serious consequences for almost 2 billion people, as even radical climate change action won’t save glaciers
June 2019 melting of Himalayan glaciers: 19 June 2019: The melting of Himalayan glaciers has doubled since the turn of the century, with more than a quarter of all ice lost over the last four decades, scientists have revealed, saying the losses indicate a devastating future for the region, upon which a billion people depend for regular water
February 2021 Chamoli disaster and Uttarakhand flood: February 2021 Uttarakhand flood in the environs of the Nanda Devi National Park in the outer Garhwal Himalayas in Uttarakhand state, believed to have been caused by a landslide, an avalanche or a glacial lake outburst flood, causing flooding in the Chamoli district, most notably in the Rishiganga river, the Dhauliganga river, and in turn the Alaknanda, the major headstream of the Ganges - 10 June 2021: A massive rock and ice avalanche caused the 2021 disaster at Chamoli, Indian Himalaya, causing widespread devastation and severely damaging two hydropower projects, as over 200 people were killed or are missing
Hazards and general safety of mountaineering and outdoor 'recreation' in dangerous regions: Hazards and general safety of mountaineering and outdoor 'recreation' in dangerous regions
List of deaths on eight-thousanders: List of deaths on eight-thousanders - List of people who died climbing Mount Everest
Monsoon of South Asia and floods: Monsoon of South Asia
2017 South Asian floods: 2017 South Asian floods
Effects of global warming on South Asia: Effects of global warming on South Asia
November 2019 global heating 'supercharging' Indian Ocean: 19 November 2019: Global heating is 'supercharging' an increasingly dangerous climate mechanism in the Indian Ocean that has played a role in disasters this year, also including bushfires in Australia and floods in Africa
July 2020 millions of children affected by devastating floods in South Asia amid covid-19: 23 July 2020: Millions of children affected by devastating flooding in South Asia, with many more at risk as covid-19 brings further challenges
Drought in India: Drought in India
2013: 2013 drought in Maharashtra

History of Western Asia
Economy of Western Asia (Middle East): Economy of Western Asia (Middle East)
Environment of Western Asia by subject and country: Environment of Western Asia by subject and country - Natural history of Western Asia
Water in Western Asia by country: Water in Western Asia by country


Asian society: Asian society - Asian society by country - Social issues in Asia - Labor relations in Asia - Rural society in Asia - Rural development in Asia

Since 15th century European imperialism in Asia - European colonisation in Asia - Direct and indirect consequences of colonialism and colonization - USA overseas expansion and territorial acquisitions in Oceania and Asia - List of territories occupied by Imperial Japan since late 19th century - History of slavery in Asia, still existing today
Decolonization of Asia was the gradual growth of independence movements in Asia, leading ultimately to the retreat of foreign powers and the creation of a number of nation-states in the region - Asian colonies from the 19th century to the end of World War II, list showing the colonial powers following the end of World War II in 1945, their colonial or administrative possessions, date of decolonization and timeline by country
Demographics of Asia by country - List of Asian countries by population - Ethnic groups in Asia

Human rights, modern conflicts and social movements in Asia: Human rights in Asia by region and subject - Modern conflicts in Asia - Social class in Asia - Racism in Asia - Discrimination in Asia by country - Censorship in Asia - Corruption in Asia by country
Violence in Asia by country - Terrorism in Asia by country
Women's rights in Asia by country - Gender in Asia by country - Children's rights and childhood in Asia by country - Youth and youth rights in Asia by country
Freedom of expression in Asia by country - Freedom of speech in Asia by country
Social movements in Asia: Social movements in Asia
25 October 2020 fighting tyranny with milk tea young rebels joining forces in Asia: 25 October 2020: The language, the demands and the backdrop were different, but the protests across central Bangkok last week would have looked familiar to anyone who followed the mass demonstrations that roiled Hong Kong for a year from June 2019, as many young protesters dressed in black and wearing hard hats poured through the streets to locations announced at the last minute on social media, and as in recent months an unexpected solidarity has developed between young protesters and activists across Thailand, Taiwan and Hong Kong, at first online but increasingly now in protests on the streets, in law courts and in the corridors of power, against governments with a ruthless track record of crushing dissent

Education in Asia: Education in Asia - Education in Asia by country - History of education in Asia by country
Schools in Asia: Schools in Asia - Schools in Asia by country - Lists of schools in Asia by country
Universities and colleges in Asia: Universities and colleges in Asia - Universities and colleges in Asia by country - Lists of universities and colleges in Asia
Archaeological sites in Asia by country: Archaeological sites in Asia by country
17 January 2021 archaeologists reportedly find oldest picture globally known in Indonesia: 17 January 2021: The artists painting the Sulawesi cave wall over 45,500 years ago may have been depicting a whole social interaction between warty pigs, making painting found in a cave in Indonesia the earliest known figurative cave art in the world, archaeologists reported, as the whole area has been discovered to abound with prehistoric art in caves and rock shelters, as figurative art tells story of a hunt in Indonesia 44,000 years ago
8 April 2021 new explanation for Paleolithic cave art in the pitch-black depths of cave systems: 8 April 2021: As some of the most beautiful Paleolithic cave art is in the pitch-black depths of cave systems, some in places almost impossible to reach, let alone appreciate the art, now a paper published by Tel Aviv University's scientists with independent researcher Gil Kedar suggests an explanation, saying that the Paleolithic artisans were motivated by the transformative nature of the subterranean, oxygen-depleted space where they could communicate with nonhuman entities inhabiting the underworld, and making the drawings not for the tribe to see, but for keeping and maintaining their relationships with the cosmos

Health in Asia: Health in Asia - Health in Asia by country
Health disasters in Asia and by country: Health disasters in Asia and by country
1855-1960 third plague pandemic: Since 1855 third plague pandemic was a major bubonic plague pandemic that began in Yunnan, China in 1855 during the fifth year of the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing dynasty, as this episode of bubonic plague spread to all inhabited continents, and ultimately led to more than 12 million deaths in India and China, with about 10 million killed in India alone, and as, according to the World Health Organization WHO, the pandemic was considered active until 1960, when worldwide casualties dropped to 200 per year
Since 20th century public health problems in the Aral Sea region: Since 20th century public health problems in the Aral Sea region, after irrigation projects diverted water from the Aral Sea, beginning to dry up and leaving behind salts, other minerals, and toxins in the soil, not only contaminating the soil but also followed by winds and storms, affecting the local climate, travelling to other areas, including over crop lands, and leading to increased health problems like respiratory diseases and cancers, among others
2009 flu pandemic in Asia: 2009 flu pandemic in Asia, part of an epidemic of a new strain of influenza causing what has been commonly called swine flu, afflicted at least 394,133 people in Asia with 2,137 confirmed deaths, including 1,035 deaths confirmed in India, 737 deaths in China, 415 deaths in Turkey, 192 deaths in Thailand, and 170 deaths in South Korea, as among the Asian countries, South Korea had the most confirmed cases, followed by China, Hong Kong, and Thailand
2020 covid-19 pandemic outbreak in Asia coming from Wuhan: 2020 covid-19 coronavirus outbreak in Asia, first documented in Wuhan, China, in 2019
Since January 2020 international socio-economic impact of Chinese coronavirus outbreak: Since January 2020 international socio-economic impact of the 2019 Chinese coronavirus outbreak, by continent and country
11 March 2020 expanding clusters of the Chinese coronavirus worldwide were eyed warily as the outbreak upended daily life in Italy: 11 March 2020: Expanding clusters of the new coronavirus were eyed warily as the outbreak upended daily life in Italy and reshaped everything from the USA presidential race to Polish schools, Japanese Fukushima disaster anniversary, British interest rate's and politicians' future, Pope Francis’ travel, Russian Putin's, Syrian Assad's, and Iranian Ali Khamenei's wars
19 March 2020 Iran's coronavirus death toll rises to 1,284: 19 March 2020: Iran's Chinese coronavirus death toll rises to 1,284, as in the Mullah ruled country every 10 minutes one person dies from the coronavirus, says health official
20 March 2020 travel restrictions threaten Asian migrant labourers: 20 March 2020: Travel restrictions aimed at slowing the spread of Chinese coronavirus, which has infected more than 245,000 people globally and killed more than 10,000, threaten to leave millions of South Asian migrant labourers without work
21 March 2020 coronavirus threat spreading: 21 March 2020: Singapore reports first two fatalities, as deaths jump in Spain and Italy, as South Korea raises concerns over ‘imported cases', and as coronavirus cases climb across Asia Pacific
23 March 2020 Philippines isolates hundreds of health workers as coronavirus cases rise in south-east Asia: 23 March 2020: Philippines isolates hundreds of health workers as coronavirus cases rise in south-east Asia
Healthcare and hospitals in Asia: Healthcare and hospitals in Asia - Hospitals in Asia by country - Lists of hospitals in Asia by country - Medical and health organizations based in Asia - Medical and health organizations based in Asia by country


Environment of Asia by country - Natural history of Asia by subject, region and country - Climate of Asia - Climate of Asia by subject and country
Ecoregions of Asia by country
Environmental issues in China, in India, in Indonesia, in Iran, in Japan, in Malaysia, in Pakistan, in Thailand, in Vietnam
Air pollution in China, Asian Dust, a meteorological phenomenon which affects much of East Asia year round but especially during the spring months - Air pollution in Hong Kong - Air pollution in India is estimated to kill 1.5 million people every year, it is the fifth largest killer in India and the country has the world's highest death rate from chronic respiratory diseases and asthma, according to the WHO, Indian Ocean brown cloud or Asian brown cloud is a layer of air pollution that recurrently covers parts of South Asia, namely the northern Indian Ocean, India, and Pakistan, created by a range of airborne particles and pollutants from combustion (e.g., woodfires, cars, and factories), biomass burning and industrial processes with incomplete burning, The air quality in Delhi, the capital of India, according to a WHO survey of 1600 world cities, is the worst of any major city in the world - Air pollution in Indonesia, Since 1972 Southeast Asian haze, a fire-related large-scale air pollution, causing adverse health and economic impact on Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and to a lesser degree, the Philippines and Thailand, 2016 Southeast Asian haze - Air pollution in Malaysia - Air pollution in Taiwan
Deforestation in Asia - Forestry in Asia by country
Water supply and sanitation by country - Water pollution by country
Waste by country - Electronic waste in Asia

Natural disasters in Asia by country
Earthquakes in Asia by region and country
Tropical cyclones in Asia by country
Pacific typhoon seasons: Pacific typhoon seasons - Lists of Pacific typhoon seasons since the Middle Ages
November 2020 typhoon Vamco: November 2020 typhoon Vamco, the twenty-second named storm and tenth typhoon of the 2020 Pacific typhoon season - 13 November 2020: Typhoon Vamco hits the Philippines, killing several people and unleashing some of the worst flooding in years in the Philippines’ capital city of Manila
South-West Indian Ocean cyclone seasons: South-West Indian Ocean cyclone seasons
North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons: North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons
Floods in Asia by country
2011 Southeast Asian floods: 2011 Southeast Asian floods
2013 Southeast Asian floods: 2013 Southeast Asian floods
2018 Southeast Asian floods: 2 août 2018: Les fortes pluies qui s'abattent actuellement sur les pays du bassin du Mékong menacent des milliers d'habitations
July 2019 South Asia floods: July 2019 South Asia floods, as monsoonal downpours caused widespread flooding and landslides across Bangladesh, China, India, and Nepal
July 2020 millions of children affected by devastating floods in South Asia amid covid-19: 23 July 2020: Millions of children affected by devastating flooding in South Asia, with many more at risk as covid-19 brings further challenges
19 July 2021 over 30 people died in Mumbai as changing monsoon patterns due to climate change lead to more extreme rains across India: 19 July 2021: More than 30 people have died in the Indian city of Mumbai after an intense burst of rainfall caused a landslide and wall collapse, as changing monsoon patterns due to climate change lead to more extreme rains across India, as heavy rainfall, described by meteorologists as 'monstrous', hammered down on India’s financial capital over the weekend causing mass devastation
11 August 2021 several dead, dozens trapped after landslide in India’s Himalayas: 11 August 2021: Several dead, dozens trapped after landslide in India’s Himalayas, as more than 200 personnel are working to find survivors after boulders tumbled onto a major highway, Indian officials say
Effects of global warming on South Asia - Monsoon of South Asia - Monsoon
Heat waves in Asia
Droughts in Asia
Since 18th century: Since 18th century droughts in India and Pakistan
2010: 2010 China drought and dust storms
2010–2011: 2010–2011 China drought
2013: 2013 drought in Maharashtra
2015: 2015 drought in Korea
2016–2017: 2016–2017 Drought in Tamil Nadu
Weather events in Asia by country
2009–2010: Winter storms of 2009–2010 in East Asia


Trade unions in Asia by country - List of federations of trade unions in Asia - ITUC Regional Organisation for Asia and Pacific is a regional organisation of the International Trade Union Confederation representing trade unions from countries in Asia and Oceania, having 40 affiliated organisations in 28 countries - South Asian Regional Trade Union Council

International organizations of Asia
Since 1967/2008 ASEAN: Since 1967/2008 Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN, a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising ten Southeast Asian states promoting intergovernmental cooperation and facilitating economic, political, military, educational and cultural integration amongst its members and Asian states - List of cities in ASEAN by population - ASEAN–China Free Trade Area - ASEAN–India Free Trade Area
ASEAN–European Union relations, dating back to 1972: ASEAN–European Union relations, dating back to 1972
Since 2007-2013 EU-ASEAN development cooperation: Since 2007-2013 EU-ASEAN development cooperation, ongoing in 6-years periods, as the EU is the biggest donor to the ASEAN
Since 2009/2012 ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights: 2009/2012 - the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN established the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights to promote human rights in the ten ASEAN countries
Since 2013 ASEAN parliamentarians for human rights: ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights since June 2013, founded with the objective of promoting democracy and human rights in all ASEAN states
Since 2018 Southeast Asian and UN's demands to bring Myanmar's military to justice and before ICC: 24 August 2018: More than 130 lawmakers from across Southeast Asia today demanded the international community bring officials in Myanmar to justice and before International Criminal Court for atrocity crimes committed against the Rohingya population of Rakhine State - 24 August 2018: APHR board member and Indonesian MP Eva Kusuma Sundari says it is time that Asean countries 'set aside their destructive non-interference policy and take genuine action', adding 'we cannot allow these atrocities to take place in one of our member countries with complete impunity' - 27 August 2018: A UN report, based on a fact-finding mission, has accused Myanmar’s military of genocide against the Rohingya, and alleged that the army was responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity against minorities across the country
Since 1989 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APEC: Since 1989 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APEC forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies, that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region, in response to the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific economies and the advent of regional trade blocs in other parts of the world
November 2017 anti-corruption efforts: APEC Vietnam 2017, the year-long hosting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meetings in Vietnam, which will culminate with the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Ðà Nang 11/12 November 2017 - 19 August 2017: APEC anti-corruption authorities and law-enforcement agencies vow to strengthen corruption fight
Since 1994 Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia PEMSEA: Since 1994 Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia PEMSEA, a regional partnership programme implemented by the United Nations Development Programme UNDP and executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services UNOPS
Since 2005 APEC Climate Center: Since 2005 APEC Climate Center, governmental institution that conducts research in climate prediction, analysis and climate change application areas - APEC Climate Symposiums by year since 2006
Since 2016: Since 2016 Asia Council to serve as a continent wide forum to address Asia’s key challenges and foster cooperation among countries of Asia




Afghanistan - Geography of Afghanistan - Provinces of Afghanistan - Demography of Afghanistan
History of Afghanistan - Pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan - Invasions of Afghanistan - Islamic conquest of Afghanistan - First Anglo-Afghan War 1839-1842 - Second Anglo-Afghan War 1878-1880 - Third Anglo-Afghan War 1919 - Saur Revolution April 1978 - Soviet war in Afghanistan 1979-1989 - Civil war in Afghanistan 1989–1992 and collapse of the Najibullah government - Civil war in Afghanistan 1992–1996 leads to the Taliban controlling most of Afghanistan - Taliban and Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan 1996-2001 - USA cruise missile strikes on Afghanistan August 1998 - Civil war in Afghanistan 1996–2001 Taliban period - War in Afghanistan 2001–present - USA, UK and ISAF invasion following the 2001 September 11 attacks
Economy of Afghanistan: Economy of Afghanistan - main industries include natural gas, coal, copper, cement, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food-products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, small-scale production of textiles, handwoven carpets, soap - in 2008 about 35% of Afghan population was unemployed, 36% lived below the national poverty line and suffered from shortages of housing, clean drinking water, and electricity - List of companies of Afghanistan - Companies of Afghanistan by industry
Mining in Afghanistan: Mining in Afghanistan - List of mines in Afghanistan - Balkhab Copper Mine - Shaida Copper Mine - Mes Aynak mine
Coal mining in Afghanistan: Coal mining
2013 coal mining accidents: 15 September 2013: Afghanistan's coal miners endure some of the most dangerous and primitive conditions in the world - 15 September 2013: At least 27 miners were killed and 20 others injured in a coal mine collapse at the state-controlled Abkhorak mine in Ro-e-Dohab district
Gold mining in Afghanistan: Gold mining in Afghanistan
5 March 2021 at least 14 people killed in gold mining accident: 5 mars 2021: Au moins 14 personnes sont mortes jeudi, quand une avalanche a enseveli la mine d’or du nord-est de l’Afghanistan, auprès des autorités provinciales
Energy in Afghanistan: Energy in Afghanistan, primarily provided by hydropower. as approximately 84.1% of Afghanistan's population has access to electricity, but some rural areas may not get 24-hour electricity
Renewable energy in Afghanistan: Renewable energy in Afghanistan - Hydropower in Afghanistan
Dams and reservoirs in Afghanistan: List of dams and reservoirs in Afghanistan
Agriculture in Afghanistan: Agriculture in Afghanistan, represents 20% of the GDP - crops include wheat and other cereals, vegetables and fruits, especially pomegranates, apricots, grapes, melons, mulberries, nuts, livestock - Women in agriculture in Afghanistan - Agriculture companies of Afghanistan
Almond production in Afghanistan: Almond production in Afghanistan
Pomegranate production in Afghanistan: Pomegranate production in Afghanistan
Water in Afghanistan: Water in Afghanistan - Bodies of water of Afghanistan - Rivers of Afghanistan - List of rivers of Afghanistan - List of dams and reservoirs in Afghanistan
Irrigation and water supply in Afghanistan: Irrigation in Afghanistan - Water supply in Afghanistan
2018 escalating water crisis: 11 July 2018: As Afghanistan’s water crisis escalates, more effective water governance could bolster regional stability - 10 October 2018: UN stated that water scarcity is a rising cause for displacement in Afghanistan, saying that the groundwater level has declined by 1.4 mm between 2004-2012, and that 22 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces are facing drought today, as there are 1.5 million Afghans, approximately 4% of the population, that are displaced and 448,000 were added in 2017 alone
July 2019 climate change significant obstacle for farmers: 10 July 2019: Climate change is a significant obstacle for farmers in the least developed countries like Afghanistan and adaptation support is exceptionally scarce
Opium production in Afghanistan and Taliban: Opium production in Afghanistan and Taliban - Illegal drug trade in Afghanistan
Since 1994 Taliban rule and rising opium crop: Since 1994 and during the 1994-2001 Taliban rule, Afghanistan saw a bumper opium crop of 4,500 metric tons in 1999
2013 opium cultivation record high: 13 November 2013: Afghan opium cultivation has hit a record high, the UN says, and the expansion of poppy to 209,000 hectares will embarrass aid donors after more than 10 years of efforts against illicit economy
2016 rising opium cultivation: 23 octobre 2016: La culture d'opium en Afghanistan, premier producteur d'héroïne au monde, a atteint cette année son 3e niveau de production le plus élevé depuis 20 ans, selon l'ONU, qui estime que la surface cultivée a augmenté d'environ 10% par rapport à 2015
January 2018 heroin trade and USA-UK failure: 9 January 2018: The heroin trade explains the USA-UK failure in Afghanistan, as after 16 years and $1tn spent, there is no end to the fighting, but western intervention has resulted in Afghanistan becoming the world’s first true narco-state
April 2019: 25 April 2019: How the USA military's opium war in Afghanistan was lost
Forestry and deforestation in Afganistan: Forestry and deforestation in Afganistan
Transport in Afghanistan: Transport in Afghanistan - Public transport in Afghanistan
Rail transport in Afghanistan: Rail transport in Afghanistan
Road transport in Afghanistan: Road transport in Afghanistan - Road infrastructure in Afghanistan - Roads in Afghanistan - Bus transport in Afghanistan
Water transport in Afghanistan: Water transport in Afghanistan
Aviation in Afghanistan: Aviation in Afghanistan - Airports in Afghanistan - List of airports in Afghanistan
Tourism in Afghanistan: Tourism in Afghanistan - Visitor attractions in Afghanistan - List of protected areas and national parks of Afghanistan - List of museums in Afghanistan
Foreign trade of Afghanistan: Foreign trade of Afghanistan - Afghanistan Accession to World Trade Organization
Exports of Afghanistan: List of exports of Afghanistan
2014/2015 negative trade balance of $5.65B: In 2014 the GDP of Afghanistan was $20B, and Afghanistan exported $770M and imported $6.42B, resulting in a negative trade balance of $5.65B, as the top export destinations of Afghanistan are Pakistan ($373M), India ($242M), China ($21.3M), Iran and Turkey and the top import origins are Pakistan ($2.2B), China ($709M), Iran ($450M), India and Russia
Banking in Afghanistan: Banks of Afghanistan - Afghanistan Bank is the central bank of Afghanistan - Afghanistan International Bank - New Kabul Bank - First Microfinance Bank
2012 US$5 billion illegally transferred abroad: 28 November 2012: Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee published its report declaring that US$5 billion, including $400 million the Kabul Bank’s shareholders, were illegally transferred abroad
Economic history and business cycles in Afghanistan: Economic history of Afghanistan
2011/2012 economic crisis: 9. September 2011: Nach jahrzehntelangen Kriegszerstörungen steht Afghanistan vor wirtschaftlichem Kollaps
July 2012 poorly managed infrastructure projects: 30 July 2012: Hundreds of millions of USA taxpayer dollars may have been wasted on poorly managed infrastructure projects in Afghanistan, a report to USA Congress says
18 August 2021 Taliban face financial crisis: 18 August 2021: Taliban face financial crisis without access to foreign reserves, as USA freezes Afghan reserves and Germany halts aid, and as the new rulers may find they are far short of what is required to govern
Poverty and rural poverty in Afghanistan: Poverty in Afghanistan - with 36% of its population living below the poverty line, poverty in Afghanistan is most heavily concentrated in the rural areas, 90% of urban households have access to electricity, only 29% of rural households do, additionally, 58% of urban households have access to safe water, but only 19% of rural homes do
2010 9 million Afghans in absolute poverty: 31 March 2010: 9 million Afghans or 36% of the population 'are believed to live in absolute poverty and a further 37 percent live only slightly above the poverty line' despite about $35 billion of outside aid sent to the country between 2002 and 2009, and poverty actually kills more Afghans than those who die as a direct result of the armed conflict, according to UN report
2015: 1 October 2015: Economic growth during the pre-transition period of 2007-2008 to 2011-2012 in Afghanistan did not reduce poverty and contributed instead to widening inequality in the country, to reduce poverty, Afghanistan must focus on strengthening agriculture, investing in human development and managing and mitigating risks that increase poor people's vulnerability, according to World Bank
2017: 8 février 2017: Un demi-million d'Afghans ont été déracinés par la guerre dans leur propre pays
Afghan Armed Forces: Afghan Armed Forces - Military history of Afghanistan
2014: 5 April 2014: More than 350,000 Afghan troops have been put on duty to thwart attacks on polling stations and voters in presidential election - 9 April: Afghanistan surprises with smooth and calm elections
Taxation in Afghanistan: Taxation in Afghanistan
Politics of Afghanistan: Politics of Afghanistan - Constitution of Afghanistan - Afghan Supreme Court
Political parties in Afghanistan: Political parties in Afghanistan
Politics and elections in Afghanistan: Politics and elections in Afghanistan
2009/2010 Afghan presidential and parliamentary election: 2009 Afghan presidential election - Afghan parliamentary election September 2010 - Fraud allegations
August-October 2012: 4 August 2012: Afghan parliament votes to sack key ministers - security lapses and allegations of corruption - 5 August 2012: Karzai 'accepts' dismissal of key ministers - 7 August: Afghan defence minister to step down - 13 August: Afghan officials met with jailed Taliban leader in Pakistan - 31 October 2012: Next Afghan presidential election set for April 2014 - 31 octobre 2012: Les talibans pourront se présenter à la présidentielle de 2014, selon le chef de la commission électorale afghane Manawi
September/October 2013: 16 September 2013: The independent election commission of Afghanistan began the candidate registration process for 2014 presidential election - 15 October 2013: Votes sell for about $5 in Afghanistan as presidential race begins
Feburary-April 2014: 2 February 2014: Two campaign team members murdered at start of democratic process to find successor to Hamid Karzai - 4 April 2014: Afghans fear violence ahead of historic election but analysts expect a heavy turnout despite fears because voters actually feel like they have a choice after more than 12 years of war and lack of progress
April 2014 Afghan presidential election: Afghan presidential election 5 April 2014 - 6 April: Relief in Afghanistan after largely peaceful landmark election and a massive turnout, including in some of the most dangerous areas of the country, of seven million out of 12 million eligible voters or about 58% - 13 April: First results show Ghani and Abdullah on course for runoff vote in Afghanistan polls - 24 April: Run-off in Afghanistan polls likely - 6 June: Presidential election candidate Abdullah walks free from armoured car hit by two suicide bombs which killed six others, including bodyguards
June 2014 Afghan presidential run-off election: 15 June: Despite a number of deadly militant attacks during the run-off election, more than seven million Afghans voted (a turnout of 60%) and a third of those who voted were women, Election Commission says - 18 June: Afghan presidential election thrown into question as Abdullah disputes vote counting - 23 June 2014: Chief election officer Ziaulhaq Amarkhil stands down after vote-rigging claims
July-August 2014: 9 July 2014: Despite preliminary results that put him behind Ashraf Ghani, Abdullah claims victory in Afghanistan's disputed election - 11 July: Karzai backs UN plan to check votes for fraud - 20 July: Afghan presidential vote audit halted over which ballots to throw out - 8 August: Afghanistan's presidential rivals reached a political agreement that would outline the terms of a power-sharing deal - 21 September 2014: Ashraf Ghani has been officially declared the new president of Afghanistan, Abdullah Abdullah will become chief executive in a power-sharing deal to end months of political gridlock
September/October 2014 president Ashraf Ghani inaugurated: 29 September 2014: Incoming Afghan president Ashraf Ghani inaugurated following a long election campaign - 1 October: President Ashraf Ghani reopened an inquiry into the 2010 theft of almost $1 billion from Kabul Bank triggering a financial crisis, fulfilling a campaign promise to make fighting corruption a priority
December 2014 intensified Taliban attacks: 1 December: Facing intensified Taliban attacks, Afghan president Ashraf Ghani plans to fire senior civilian and military leaders in the country’s most volatile provinces
April/May 2017 Taliban attack on a military base: 24 April 2017: Afghan president Ashraf Ghani has accepted the resignations of his defence minister and army chief of staff, after more than 140 soldiers were killed last week in the deadliest Taliban attack on a military base - 19 May 2017: Afghanistan’s vice-president Abdul Rashid Dostum has not faced justice over allegations of kidnapping and torture, despite government’s promises, and now has left the country after a six-month standoff and flew to Turkey
June 2017 Kabul attack: 3 June 2017 Kabul attack - 3 June 2017: At least seven people have been killed and more than 119 wounded in three separate explosions at a high-profile funeral in Kabul for Salem Izidyar, the son of the senate deputy speaker and one of several protesters killed by Afghan police on Friday at a large demonstration calling for the resignation of the government, after the large truck bomb killed nearly 100 people on Wednesday
June 2017 Afghanistan holds peace conference: 6 June 2017: Afghanistan holds peace conference amid violence and protests, also calling on regional powers to help find a way to peace
February 2018 escalation of attacks: 28 February 2018: Ashraf Ghani’s ceasefire and recognition proposal after sharp escalation in attacks
April 2018: 1 April 2018: Afghanistan's election authorities set 20 October 2018 as the date for long-delayed legislative and district council elections - 18 avril 2018: Des hommes armés ont attaqué et incendié un centre d'inscription sur les registres électoraux pour les législatives d'octobre et enlevé au moins cinq personnes, selon les responsables locaux - 22 April 2018: Afghanistan's Wahid Majroh confirms that 31 people have been killed and 54 wounded in a suicide bombing that targeted a voter registration centre in Kabul's Dasht-e-Barchi, claimed by Islamic State terrorists
August 2018 cease fire declared by Ghani: 19 août 2018: Le président afghan Ashraf Ghani a déclaré un cessez-le-feu de trois mois avec les talibans, à condition que ceux-ci interrompent également les combats, après une récente poussée de violence dans le pays
September 2018: 30 September 2018: Violence took a heavy toll on Zakia Wardak’s family, fractured and diminished by long decades of war in Afghanistan, as the successful engineer, who virtually shuttered her business several years ago to focus on health and women’s rights, is now fighting for Afghan democracy
October 2018 Kandahar election postponed: 19 October 2018: Saturday’s parliamentary election in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar has been postponed for a week following the assassination of the local police chief in an attack, that also killed the provincial spy chief and wounded the governor and a regional army commander
October 2018 Afghan parliamentary election and terror attacks: Afghan parliamentary election, scheduled to be held in Afghanistan on 20 October 2018 - 20 octobre 2018: Les législatives en Afghanistan se tenaient dans le chaos samedi avec plusieurs explosions dans le pays, qui ont fait au moins 3 morts à Kaboul
December 2018 election results: The parliamentary results were to be released within 20 days of the election, and the final results by 20 December 2018
May 2019 assassination of Mena Mangal: 11/12 May 2019: Afghan journalist and political adviser to the parliament's cultural affairs commission Mina Mangal was shot dead in south-east Kabul in an attack by two unidentified men on a motorbike in broad daylight and in a public place, prompting an outpouring of grief and anger from women’s rights activists, directed at authorities who had left her unprotected in the face of threats
18 September 2019 Taliban death threats against students and education workers: 18 September 2019: Afghanistan's Taliban terrorist group on Wednesday warned teachers, students and other education workers to avoid the upcoming presidential vote or risk dying in attacks on election centres
22 September 2019 Ghani says election is vital: 22 September 2019: Violence and fraud overshadow Afghanistan poll as incumbent president says election is vital to give government a democratic mandate, after in last week alone, dozens were killed when the Taliban terrorists flattened a hospital in an attack in the south, and a USA drone strike hit a group harvesting pine nuts in the east
27/28 September 2019 courage for democracy needed: 27 September 2019: After decades of war destroyed people's lives, holding elections despite the violence is a reminder of Afghans' ability to withstand adversity, according to former director of the National Museum Masoudi, who once risked his life to protect the country's prized artefacts against Taliban terrorists, now saying 'to risk one's life for a vote, proves a commitment towards democracy' - 28 September 2019: Afghans head to the polls amid fears that voter turnout would be badly hit by disorganized balloting and threats of violence by Taliban militants, who targeted polling stations in the country's north and south, causing dozens of casualties - 28 September 2019: The Taliban cut off Safiullah Safi's right forefinger for voting in 2014, but this inhuman crime did not stop the businessman from doing it again, as more than 400 polling centres will remain closed in areas under Taliban control, hundreds more will be closed because of security concerns, as in other areas strong turnout indicated
September 2019 Afghan presidential election: 28 September 2019 Afghan presidential election, postponed from 20 April 2019 to September - Candidates of the September 2019 Afghan presidential election
29 September 2019: 29 September 2019: Many Afghans braved the threat of militant attacks to vote in an election seen as a major test of the Western-backed government's ability to protect democracy against Taliban attempts to derail it, as preliminary results are not expected before October 19 and final results not until November 7
22 December 2019 Ashraf Ghani reelected: 22 décembre 2019: Les résultats préliminaires de l'élection présidentielle en Aghanistan désignent le président sortant Ashraf Ghani pour un nouveau mandat à la tête du pays
February 2020 Ghani declared winner of Afghan election: 18 February 2020: Ghani declared winner of Afghan election, gaining just over 50% of September votes, but Abdullah’s team reject results
9 March 2020 blasts in Afghanistan as presidential rivals hold oath ceremonies: 9 March 2020: Blasts have been reported in Kabul, as Afghanistan’s two leading presidential candidates held separate swearing-in ceremonies after both claimed to have won last year’s elections, and as incumbent Ashraf Ghani took his oath of office at the country’s presidential palace in Kabul in a ceremony on Monday attended by foreign diplomats
17 May 2020 power-sharing agreement: 17 May 2020: Afghan president Ashraf Ghani and political rival Abdullah have signed a power-sharing agreement, as deal also hands top military post to Dostum, despite decades of scandal, longstanding accusations of human rights abuses including torturing rival, previously called a 'known killer' by Ghani, but still commanding one of the largest voting blocs
16 March 2021 government indecisive after ban on schoolgirls singing in Afghanistan met with protest: 16 March 2021: Afghanistan’s Ministry of Education appears to be backtracking on a decision to impose a nationwide singing ban on schoolgirls, after women take to social media to sing in defiance under #IAmMySong hashtag
14 April 2021: Afghan women fear the return of the Taliban: 14 April 2021: Afghan women fear the return of the Taliban following USA Biden administration’s decision to withdraw all troops from Afghanistan by 11 September 2021, saying 'terrible days ahead’ as after 20 years of more or less threatened liberties, female education and women's rights are once again threatened by hardline Islamists, supported by the USA in the 1980s against democratic efforts during the so-called 'Cold War'
2 July 2021 after nearly 20 years USA military has left Afghanistan’s Bagram airbase: 2 July 2021: After nearly 20 years, the USA military has left Afghanistan’s Bagram airbase, the epicentre of its war to remove the Taliban and hunt down the al-Qaeda perpetrators of the 9/11 attacks, according to USA officials - 2 July 2021: Reported USA's withdrawal is the clearest indication that the last of the USA troops have left Afghanistan or are nearing departure, amid uncertainty of country's future following its history including decennies of war
7 July 2021 armed Afghan women take to streets in show of defiance against Taliban: 7 July 2021: Women have taken up guns in northern and central Afghanistan, marching in the streets in their hundreds and sharing pictures of themselves with assault rifles on social media, in a show of defiance as the Taliban make sweeping gains nationwide, as one of the biggest demonstrations was in central Ghor province, where hundreds of women turned out at the weekend, waving guns and chanting anti-Taliban slogans
4 August 2021 analysts and officials say a Taliban victory is far from guaranteed: 4 August 2021: As the Taliban - in the beginning month returning to terrorist attacks against members of the elected government - now controls about half of Afghanistan’s districts following offensives in the months since foreign troops began their final withdrawal from the country 20 years since 9/11, analysts and officials say their military victory is far from guaranteed, pointing to the ability and resources of the Afghan defence forces, who remain in control of key cities and advanced weapons therefore possessing a technological advantage, 'Al Jazeera' reports
14-18 August 2021 Afghan president in urgent talks as Taliban push closer to capital, then leaving for UAE: 14 August 2021: Afghanistan’s president Ashraf Ghani held urgent talks with local leaders and international partners on Saturday as Taliban rebels pushed closer to Kabul, capturing a town south of the capital that is one of the gateways to the city - 18 August 2021: Afghan President Ashraf Ghani is in UAE, as Gulf country UAE says Ghani taken in on ‘humanitarian grounds’ after he fled Afghanistan as the Taliban took over the country
18 August 2021 deadly protest in Jalalabad against removal of Afghan flag: 18 August 2021: Deadly protest in Jalalabad against removal of Afghan flag, as at least two reportedly killed and 12 others wounded after shots fired at protest against removal of Afghan flag in Jalalabad, 'Al Jazeera' reports
2 September 2021 Taliban to reveal new Afghan government amid unfolding economic crisis: 2 September 2021: Taliban to reveal new Afghan government amid unfolding economic crisis as the economy teetered on the edge of collapse more than two weeks after the Islamist militants captured Kabul and brought a chaotic end to the country's two decades of war - 2 septembre 2021: 'Il y a de graves pénuries de liquide' en Afghanistan
8 September 2021 Taliban announced an all-male caretaker government AS many of its senior figures are on UN sanctions lists: 8 September 2021: The Taliban have announced an all-male caretaker government including an interior minister wanted by the FBI, on a day when at least two people were killed by violent policing of street protests against the new authorities, and as the leadership unveiled on Tuesday is drawn entirely from Taliban ranks, despite promises of an inclusive cabinet, and many of its senior figures are on UN sanctions lists
Social movements and protests in Afghanistan: Protests in Afghanistan - Social movements in Afghanistan
2012 Afghanistan protest over the recent public execution of an Afghan woman: 11 July 2012: Dozens of women, men and rights activists took to the streets of Kabul on Wednesday to protest over the recent public execution of an Afghan woman and to demand justice - 17 September: More than 1.000 people in the Afghan capital Kabul are taking part in an angry demonstration against the US-film mocking Islam
March 2015 protest as Afghan protesters demand justice for Farkhunda killed by mob: 23 March 2015: Family of Afghan woman Farkhunda, killed by a mob triggered by a mullah in front of Kabul’s Shah-Do Shamshira mosque where she worked as a religious teacher and urged by Kabul police chief 'You have to confirm' that Farkhunda was mentally ill, take comfort from tide of outrage - 24 March: Afghan protesters demand justice for Farkhunda killed by mob - 17 June 2015: At the Afghanistan launch of HeForShe UN campaign for gender equality, a group of Afghan men in Kabul took the very rare step of calling on their male compatriots to take a stand for women’s rights - 9 August 2015: Hundreds of civil society activists and residents of Kabul have gathered over the weekend near the site of a truck bomb attack which killed at least 15 people and wounded over 200 others to remember victims of attacks and to protest against support for terrorists - 11 November 2015: Thousands of people have marched in Kabul, carrying coffins of seven Hazaras, killed by Islamist militants, and pictures of the victims including two women and one child, 'held hostage for months', also protesting against insecurity and the government's inaction - 25 November 2015: A string of vicious murders this year has led to a public furore and protests, energising the national women’s rights movement in Afghanistan
2016: 16 May 2016: Thousands of demonstrators from Afghanistan's Hazara minority marched in protest through Kabul saying that they are missing out on a multi-million dollar power transmission line - 5 novembre 2016: Après au moins 30 civils ont péri dans des raids aériens des Etats-Unis, des manifestations ont éclaté à Kunduz et des dizaines de proches des victimes se sont rassemblés devant les bureaux du gouverneur, transportant des corps d'enfants tués
June 2017: 2 June 2017: At least four Afghans have been killed including Salem Izidyar, as police fired live rounds to disperse protesters calling for president Ashraf Ghani to step down and chanting 'death to the Taliban' after devastating Kabul truck bombing, which killed at least 90 people and injured more than 460
January 2018: 4 January 2018: Kabul protest hit by deadly bomb attack, killing at least 11 people and wounding 25 others
20 September 2019 climate change protest despite Taliban threats: 20 September 2019: Afghan protesters risked a march down the centre of Kabul Friday despite nearly daily attacks by Russian and Iranian backed terrorists, in order to participate in the global movement against climate change, as health ministry says as many as 3,000 people die of pollution-induced illnesses in Kabul annually
9 May 2020 gunfire kills 6 at Afghan protest calling for economic aid: 9 May 2020: After protesters had gathered outside the governor's office in Feroz Koh, a shootout erupted at protest by residents demanding economic assistance, leading to the deaths of at least six people, including a local reporter and two police officers
18 August 2021 deadly protest in Jalalabad against removal of Afghan flag: 18 August 2021: Deadly protest in Jalalabad against removal of Afghan flag, as at least two reportedly killed and 12 others wounded after shots fired at protest against removal of Afghan flag in Jalalabad, 'Al Jazeera' reports
3 September 2021 Afghan women rally for rights in western region and city of Herat: 3 September 2021: Defiant Afghan women held a rare protest Thursday saying they were willing to accept the burqa if their daughters could still go to school under Taliban rule, stating 'it is our right to have education, work and security', as group of around 50 female demonstrators chanted, waving placards on the streets of Afghanistan's western city of Herat
4 September 2021 women march in Kabul to demand role in Taliban government, as protesters say the Taliban used pepper sprays and tear gas to disperse them: 4 September 2021: Women march in Kabul to demand role in Taliban government, as protesters say the Taliban used pepper sprays and tear gas to disperse them as they tried to reach the presidential palace
12 September 2021 women reportedly can study in gender-segregated universities: 12 September 2021: Taliban says women can study in gender-segregated universities, however, women will be required to wear head coverings and the curriculum is under review
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Afghanistan: Afghan society
Provinces and districts of Afghanistan: 34 Provinces of Afghanistan, listed in the following overview by number from North West to South East with the exception of the province of Kabul and Kabul city, the capital of Afghanistan - 398 Districts of Afghanistan (in 2005), list by province
Cities in Afghanistan: List of cities in Afghanistan
Kabul province: Kabul province, the twenty-second on country's map, situated in the east of the country, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. The capital of the province is Kabul city, which is also Afghanistan's capital and largest city. The population of the Kabul Province is over 5 million people as of 2020,[2] of which over 85 percent live in urban areas
Kabul city: Kabul city, the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country, is also a municipality, forming part of the greater Kabul Province with a population of 4.635 million inhabitants in 2015 including all the major ethnic groups
Economy and infrastructure of Kabul: Economy and infrastructure of Kabul
Timeline of Kabul: Timeline of Kabul since 1500–1200 B.C.
Circa 5th century CE Bala Hissar (fortress) built: Bala Hissar ancient fortress located in the south of the old city of Kabul, as the estimated date of construction is around the 5th century AD, and as Bala Hissar sits to the south of the modern city centre at the tail end of the Kuh-e-Sherdarwaza Mountain
Since 7th century Muslim conquests of Afghanistan and Kabul: Since 7th century Muslim conquests of Afghanistan and Kabul
Kabul in the 20th century: Kabul in the 20th century
Kabul in the 21st century and terrorist attacks: Kabul in the 21st century and terrorist attacks in Kabul since 2008
2 November 2020 at least 19 people dead after gunmen storm Kabul University: 2 November 2020 Kabul University attack - 2 November 2020: Gunmen have stormed Kabul University as it was hosting a book fair attended by the Iranian ambassador to Afghanistan, leading to a gun battle lasting several hours and leaving at least 19 people dead and 22 wounded
21 November 2020 three citizens die in rocket attacks on Afghan capital: 21 November 2020: Three citizens die in rocket attacks on Afghan capital, as explosions come ahead of separate scheduled meetings between Mike Pompeo, Taliban and Afghan government officials in Doha
12 December 2020 deadly rocket attack on Kabul: 12 décembre 2020: Un civil a été tué et deux autres blessés dans les tirs de dix roquettes à Kaboul samedi matin, selon le ministère de l’Intérieur, la deuxième attaque de ce genre dans la capitale afghane en moins d’un mois
9 May 2021 Afghans bury their dead after dozens of girls killed in school blasts in Kabul: May 2021 Kabul bombing near secondary school - 9 May 2021: Dozens of young girls were buried on Sunday at a desolate hilltop cemetery in Kabul, a day after a secondary school was targeted in the bloodiest attack in Afghanistan in over a year, killing more than 50 people, mostly female students, and wounded more than 100 in Dasht-e-Barchi
14 May 2021 deadly mosque bombing rocks Kabul: 14 mai 2021: Une explosion a fait au moins douze morts dans une mosquée en banlieue de Kaboul, mettant fin au cessez-le-feu conclu entre les talibans et les forces afghanes pour l’Aïd el-Fitr.
4 August 2021 Taliban terrorist attack on minister's house in Kabul left at least eight dead: 4 August 2021: An audacious attack on the Afghan defence minister's house in Kabul has left at least eight dead, the first major bombing by militants in the city for nearly a year, as Bismillah Khan Mohammadi fortunately was not at home on Tuesday night as gunmen detonated a car bomb and fired shots near the heavily fortified Green Zone, as four of the gunmen reportedly killed, as Mohammadi's family was evacuated, and as the Taliban said they were behind the attack, also warning of more terrorist attacks against government leaders
7 August 2021 Afghan air force pilot killed in Kabul bombing by Taliban: 7 August 2021: Afghan air force pilot killed in Kabul bombing, as attack was claimed by Taliban
15 August 2021 Afghans slam president Ghani’s swift departure, 'Al Jazeera' reports live: 15 August 2021: Afghans slam president Ghani’s swift departure, who fled the country as the Taliban entered the capital Kabul after capturing major cities within a week, 'Al Jazeera' reports, also reporting live
15 August 2021 Kabul streets deserted: 15 August 2021: Kabul streets deserted as fearful residents hide away, as prices soar and rumours fly while westerners try to leave after fall of Afghan capital to Taliban, 'The Guardian' reports, also including reporting live
15 août 2021 les Taliban sont entrés dans Kaboul: 15 août 2021: Les Taliban sont entrés dans Kaboul après être restés un temps aux portes de la capitale afghane, dimanche, at par ailleurs, des responsables afghans ont annoncé que le président Ghani avait quitté le pays, selon France24 liveblog
18 August 3021 USA crisize Taliban Taliban's enclosure of Kabul's airport: 18 aoûr 2021: Le département d’Etat Unies a accusé mercredi les talibans de ne pas tenir leur promesse de laisser un libre accès aux Afghans qui souhaitent se rendre à l’aéroport de Kaboul, où s’organise le départ de personnes craignant le nouveau régime des fondamentalistes
27 August 2021 families of Kabul airport bombing victims scramble for news: 27 August 2021: Families of the victims of the bombings outside Kabul airport that killed at least 175 people and injured about 120 others are clamouring for news of their loved ones, as dozens of families crowded outside Kabul’s Emergency Hospital on Friday
27 August 2021 president Biden doesn't want Kabul attackers 'to live on planet Earth any more': 27 August 2021: Biden doesn't want Kabul attackers 'to live on planet Earth any more', according to press secretary Jen Psaki, underlining Joe Biden's comments on Kabul airport attack
28 August 2021 schools, universities and banks closed as hundreds of Afghans protested outside a bank in Kabul, 'Al Jazeera' reports live: 28 August 2021: Schools and universities remained closed on the first working day of the week, as the banks were once more closed, as hundreds of Afghans protested outside a bank, as the Taliban deploys extra forces around Kabul airport to prevent people from gathering, as USA forces helping to evacuate Afghans desperate to flee Taliban rule were on alert on Saturday for more attacks, 'Al Jazeera' reports live
29 August 2021 the 'Guardian' reports in Afghanistan live news another blast near Kabul airport: 29 August 2021: The 'Guardian' reports in Afghanistan live news another blast near Kabul airport amid warnings of further attacks, as reports of ‘powerful explosion’ thought to have been rocket attack in Afghan capital
4 September 2021 Afghan women brave Taliban-controlled streets to demand rights in Kabul: 4 September 2021: Groups of Afghan women brave Taliban-controlled streets to demand rights in Kabul a day after women in the western Afghan city of Herat took to the streets in daring public demonstrations against Taliban restrictions on their right to work and seek education
Herat province: Herat province, the first province on Afghanistan's map and one of its thirty-four provinces, located in the north-western part of the country, making up - together with Badghis, Farah, and Ghor provinces - the north-western region of Afghanistan
Herat city: Herat city, an oasis city and the third-largest city of Afghanistan, as in 2020, it had an estimated population of 574,276 citizens, and serving as the capital of Herat Province, situated in the fertile valley of the Hari River in the western part of the country, and also serving as a regional hub in the country's west
Demographics of Herat city: Demographics of Herat city, as population numbered approximately 592,902 citizens in 2021, and s the city houses a multi-ethnic society with speakers of the Persian language in the majority
Economy and infrastructure of Herat: Economy and infrastructure of Herat
Timeline of Herat since 500 BCE: Timeline of Herat since 500 BCE
652 Siege of Herat was part of the Islamic conquest of the Central Asian region: 652 Siege of Herat was part of the Islamic conquest of Persia which was commanded by Ahnaf ibn Qais, a Muslim general who lived during the time of Muhammad, and hailed from the Arab tribe of Banu Tamim and born of two 'noble' parents - 622–750 early Muslim conquests, also referred to as the Arab conquests, following and imitating Roman empire's conquests in West Asia expanding dependance and slavery, destruction of Judah and Israel, and further conquests, then establishing 'Christianity' taken from the Jewish religion changed for the needs of the dissolving empire due to its spatial expansion since centuries, then decline and dissolution
15th-19th centuries timeline of Herat: 15th-19th centuries timeline of Herat
20th century timeline of Herat: 20th century timeline of Herat
Herat in the 21st century: Herat in the 21st century
3 September 2021 Afghan women rally for rights in western region and city of Herat: 3 September 2021: Defiant Afghan women held a rare protest Thursday saying they were willing to accept the burqa if their daughters could still go to school under Taliban rule, stating 'it is our right to have education, work and security', as group of around 50 female demonstrators chanted, waving placards on the streets of Afghanistan's western city of Herat
Farah province: Farah province, the second on the map of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan located in the southwestern part of the country next to Iran, and a spacious and sparsely populated province, divided into eleven districts with hundreds of villages. It has a population of about 563,026 inhabitants, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural tribal society. The Farah Airport is located near the city of Farah, which serves as the capital of the province. Farah is linked with Iran via the Iranian border town of Mahirud.
Nimruz province: Nimruz province, the third on the map of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the southwestern part of the country. It lies to the east of the Sistan and Baluchestan Province of Iran and north of Balochistan, Pakistan, also bordering the Afghan provinces of Farah and Helmand. It has a population of about 186,963 people. The province is divided into five districts, encompassing about 649 villages. The city of Zaranj serves as the provincial capital and Zaranj Airport, which is located by that city, serves as a domestic airport for the province. The recently-built Kamal Khan Dam is located in Chahar Burjak District.
Badghis province: Badghis province, the fourth on the map of the 34 provinces provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northwest of the country, on the border with Turkmenistan. It is considered to be one of the country's most underdeveloped provinces. The capital is Qala i Naw, while the most populous city and district is Bala Murghab, with a total population of 559,297 citizens in 2021
Economy of Badghis: Economy of Badghis, counted as one of the most underdeveloped of the country's 34 provinces, with little infrastructure, poor roads and a chronic shortage of water, as agriculture is the main source of people's income the Murghab River making the available land suitable for cultivation, but suffering from severe drought beginning in the late 1990s and continuing, causing tens of thousands of residents to flee to refugee camps outside Herat
History and timeline of Badghis: History of Badghis, as by the late 19th century, the province was devastated by Turkmen raids, as in 1964 the province was carved out of portions of Herat Province and Meymaneh Province, as the province was one of the last captured by the Taliban in their military offensive before USA's invasion in 2001, but then quickly retaken by Northern Alliance forces
7/8 July 2021 Taliban launched its first assault on Qala-e-Naw provincial capital in Afghanistan: 7 July 2021: The Taliban has launched its first assault on Qala-e-Naw provincial capital in Afghanistan, since waging a major offensive against government forces, local officials said, causing panic among local people and prompting prisoners to break out of the city’s prison, after fierce fighting erupted on Wednesday and the armed group fighters captured all the surrounding districts of the province - 8 July 2021: USA's Biden is set to speak Thursday about the USA's military withdrawal in Afghanistan, which is facing criticism amid advances by Taliban fighters, as Badghi's governor Hissan muddin Shams and colleagues explained local militia forces's defense efforts
Faryab province: Faryab province, the fifth on the map of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, which is located in the north of the country bordering neighboring Turkmenistan. It has a population of about 1,109,223 inhabitants, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. The province encompasses 15 districts and over 1,000 villages. The capital of Faryab province is Maymana. It also borders Jowzjan Province, Sar-e Pol Province, Ghor Province and Badghis Province
Ghor province: Ghor province, the sixth on the map of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the western Hindu Kush in central Afghanistan, towards the north-west, as the province contains eleven districts, encompassing hundreds of villages, and approximately 764,472 settled people, while Firuzkoh city serves as the capital of the province
Chaghcharan (Firozkoh) city: Chaghcharan city, also called Firozkoh, a town and district in central Afghanistan, which serves as the capital of Ghor Province. It is located on the southern side of the Hari River, at an altitude of 2,230m above sea level. Chaghcharan is linked by a 380 kilometres long highway with Herat to the west, and a 450 kilometres long highway with Kabul to the east. The town is served by Chaghcharan Airport. Chaghcharan has a population of about 15,000 citizens who are mostly Dari speakers. However the recent data showed a population of 31,266 in 2015. It has 1 district and a total land area of 2,614 Hectares, and the total number of dwellings in the city are 3,474
August 2021 Chaghcharan was seized by Taliban fighters: In August 2021, Chaghcharan was seized by Taliban fighters
5 September 2021 Taliban militants in Firozkoh city have shot dead a policewoman: 5 September 2021: Taliban militants in Afghanistan have shot dead a policewoman in a provincial city, witnesses have told the BBC, as the woman, named in local media as Banu Negar, was killed at the family home in front of relatives in Firozkoh, the capital of central Ghor province, and as the killing comes amid increasing reports of escalating repression of women in Afghanistan
Helmand province, Helmand River, opium production: Helmand province, the seventh on the map of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, in the south of the country and the largest province by area, covering 58,584 square kilometres area, containinng 13 districts, encompassing over 1,000 villages, and roughly 1,446,230 settled people,as Lashkargah city serves as the provincial capital. The province has a domestic airport (Bost Airport), in the city of Lashkargah and heavily used by NATO-led forces. The Helmand River flows through the mainly desert region of the province, providing water used for irrigation. The Kajaki Dam, which is one of Afghanistan's major reservoirs, is located in the Kajaki district. Helmand is believed to be one of the world's largest opium-producing regions, responsible for around 42% of the world's total production.
Jowzjan province: Jowzjan province, the eights on the map of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the north of the country bordering neighboring Turkmenistan. The province is divided into 11 districts and contains hundreds of villages. It has a population of about 613,481 inhabitants, which is multi-ethnic and mostly agriculturalists. Sheberghan is the capital of Jozjan province
Sar-e Pol province: Sar-e Pol province, the nineth of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the north of the country, bordering Jowzjan and Balkh to the west and north, Ghor to the south, and Samangan to the east, as the province is divided into 7 districts and contains 896 villages with a population of about 632,000 inhabitants, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. The city of Sar-e Pol serves as the provincial capital
Daykundi province: Daykundi province, the tenth on the map of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 516,504 inhabitants, mostly Hazaras speaking the Hazaragi dialect which is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan. The provincial capital is Nili, and the province is surrounded by Bamyan Province in the northeast, Ghazni Province in the southeast, Urozgan Province in the south, Helmand Province in the southwest, and Ghor Province in the northwest.
Uruzgan province: Uruzgan province, the eleventh on the map of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, as Uruzgan is located in the center of the country with a population of 436,079 inhabitants, as the province is mostly a tribal society and as Tarinkot city serves as the capital of the province
Kandahar province: Kandahar province, the 12th on the country's map, located in its southern part, and sharing a border with Balochistan to the south, as it is surrounded by Helmand in the west, Uruzgan in the north and Zabul Province in the east, and as its capital is the city of Kandahar located on the Arghandab River, Afghanistan's second largest city and also known since the 1990s for mujahideen Taliban's 'Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan'
Kandahar city: Kandahar city, the second-largest city in Afghanistan with a population of about 557,118 inhabitants, is one of the most significant cities of the Pashtuns, known since the 1990s for mujahideen Taliban's 'Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan', and is a major trading center for sheep, wool, cotton, silk, felt, food grains, fresh and dried fruit, tobacco, and more
History of Kandahar: History of Kandahar, as excavations of prehistoric sites by archaeologists such as Louis Dupree and others suggest that the region around Kandahar is one of the oldest human settlements known so far, as early peasant farming villages came into existence in Afghanistan ca. 5000 B.C., or 7000 years ago, as later many empires have long fought over the city due to its strategic location along the trade routes of southern, central and western Asia
Balkh province: Balkh province, the 13th on Afghanistan's map and one of its 34 provinces located in the north of the country, divided into 15 districts and with a population of about 1,509,183 inhabitants, and also a multi-ethnic (and mostly a Persian-speaking) society. The city of Mazar-i-Sharif serves as the capital of the province. The Mazar-e Sharif International Airport and Camp Marmal sit on the eastern edge of Mazar-i-Sharif.
Mazar-i-Sharif city: Mazar-i-Sharif city, the fourth-largest city of Afghanistan, with a population of about 500,207 people, and the capital of Balkh province linked by highways with Kunduz in the east, Kabul in the southeast, Herat in the southwest and Termez, and Uzbekistan in the north. The city is also a tourist attraction because of its famous Hellenistic archeological sites i.a., and as the ancient city of Balkh is also nearby.
History of Mazar-i-Sharif city since ancient times: History of Mazar-i-Sharif city since ancient times, as the Achaemenids controlled the region from the sixth century BCE
History of Mazar-i-Sharif in the late 20th century and since 2001: History of Mazar-i-Sharif in the late 20th century and since 2001
1986–1992 Mohammad Najibullah Ahmadzai's leadership and policy of National Reconciliation': 1986–1992 Afghan politician Mohammad Najibullah Ahmadzai's leadership and policy of 'National Reconciliation'
1997-98 Battles of Mazar-i-Sharif and Taliban war crimes: 1997-98 Battles of Mazar-i-Sharif, as on 8 August 1998, the Taliban entered the city and for the next two days drove their pickup trucks 'up and down the narrow streets of Mazar-i-Sharif shooting to the left and right and killing everything that moved—shop owners, cart pullers, women and children shoppers and even goats and donkeys', as also more than 8000 noncombatants were reported killed in Mazar-i-Sharif and later in Bamiyan, and as - in addition - the Taliban wered then condemned but never punished for forbidding anyone from burying the corpses for the first six days (contrary to the injunctions of Islam, which demands immediate burial) while the remains rotted in the summer heat and were eaten by dogs, as finally the Taliban sought out and massacred members of the Hazara, while in control of Mazar
14 August 2021 Mazar-i-Sharif again seized by mujahideen Taliban fighters: 14 August 2021 Mazar-i-Sharif was seized by mujahideen Taliban fighters, becoming the twenty-fifth provincial capital to be captured by the Taliban as part of the wider 2021 Taliban offensive to re-establish their Mullah regime
Samangan province: Samangan province, the 14th of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located north of the Hindu Kush mountains in the central part of the country, surrounded by Sar-e Pol province in the west, Balkh in the north, Baghlan in the east, and Bamyan in the south, as Samangan province is divided into 7 districts containing 674 villages, with a population of about 438,000 inhabitants, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society, and as the city of Samangan serves as the provincial capital
Bamyan province: Bamyan province with a population of about 495,557 inhabitants, the 15th of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central highlands of the country, as its terrain is mountainous or semi-mountainous - at the western end of the Hindu Kush mountains concurrent with the Himalayas -, and as the province is divided into eight districts, with the town of Bamyan serving as its capital
Ghazni province: Ghazni province, the 16th of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in southeastern Afghanistan
Zabul province: Zabul province, the 17th of the of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the south of the country. It has a mostly rural population of about 391,000. Zabul became an independent province from neighbouring Kandahar in 1963. Historically, it was part of the Zabulistan region. Qalat serves as the capital of the province.
Kundus province: Kundus province, the 18th of the of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northern part of the country next to Tajikistan, as the population of the province is around 1,136,677 inhabitants which is mostly a tribal society
October 2015 bombing of MSF hospital in Kundus: 3 October 2015 bombing of Médecins Sans Frontières hospital in Kunduz - 5 October 2015: After the USA air attack on the MSF hospital in Kunduz killed 22 people, 'no young Afghan doctor is going to risk their life and travel to the provinces to work'
Baghlan province: Baghlan province, the 19th of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, in the north of the country, as of in 2020, the province has a population of about 1,014,634 inhabitants, as its capital is Puli Khumri, but its name coming from the other major town in the province, Baghlan city
History and timeline of Baghlan province: History of Baghlan province
9 June 2021 gunmen kill 10 mine-clearance workers in Baghlan province, as attackers burst into Halo Trust charity’s camp: 9 June 2021: Gunmen kill 10 mine-clearance workers in Afghanistan, as attackers burst into Halo Trust charity’s camp in Baghlan province, killing men ‘in cold blood’, that the mine-clearing charity’s head described as the worst the organisation had endured, and as CEO Cowan said Halo would continue working in Afghanistan, where it has about 3,000 staff, and where there is still an urgent need for work to clear mines, after decades since 1988 have seen little break from war, although parties to the shifting conflict changed
Puli Khumri city: Puli Khumri city in northern Afghanistan and a major industrial city, having a population of 221,274 inhabitants in 2015, and located about 100 kilometres south of Kunduz, 200 kilometres southeast of Mazar-i-Sharif, and 230 kilometres north of Kabul, as Puli Khumri is the capital and largest city of Baghlan Province, whose name comes from the other major town in the province Baghlan
History of Puli Khumri: History of Puli Khumri, as in 2017 Taliban insurgents became active in the Dand-e-Shahabuddin part of Puli Khumri, as on 5 May 2019, Taliban terrorists stormed the city's police headquarters, killing 13 police officers, as on 1 September 2019, Taliban assaulted the city but were repelled by the Afghan Army, as on 16 January 2021, the district's NDS chief Fazal Wakilzada was killed in another Taliban attack, and as on 10 August 2021 following ISAF's unsuccessful multinational military mission since 20 years and now amid retreat of democratic and allied states, Puli Khumri became the eighth provincial capital to be captured by the Taliban as part of their nationwide military offensive
Baghlan city: Baghlan city in northern Afghanistan, in the eponymous province Baghlan Province and with a population of 119,607 citizens, located three miles east of the Kunduz River, 35 miles south of Khanabad, and about 500 metres above sea level in the northern Hindu Kush
Parwan province: Parwan province, the 20th of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan with a population of about 751,000 citizens, as the province is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society. The province is divided into ten districts. The town of Charikar serves as the provincial capital. The province is located north of Kabul Province and south of Baghlan Province, west of Panjshir Province and Kapisa Province
Maidan Wardak province: Maidan Wardak province, the 21st of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 671,817 citizens. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District
Logar province: Logar province, the 23th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan located in the eastern section of the country. It is divided into seven districts and contains hundreds of villages. Puli Alam is the capital of the province. As of 2021, Logar has a population of about 442,037 citizens. It is a multi-ethnic tribal society, with a Tajik and Pashtun majority, as the Logar River enters the province through the west, and leaves to the north
Paktia province: Paktia province, the 24th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the east of the country. Forming part of the larger Loya Paktia region, Paktia Province is divided into 15 districts and has a population of roughly 623,000 citizens, which is mostly a tribal society living in rural areas. Pashtuns make up the majority of the population but smaller number of Tajiks are also found. Gardez is the provincial capital
Paktika province: Paktika province, the 25th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. Forming part of the larger Loya Paktia region, Paktika has a population of about 789,000 inhabitants, mostly ethnic Pashtuns. The town of Sharana serves as the provincial capital, while the most populous city is Urgun
Khost province: Khost province, the 26th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. To the east, Khost Province is bordered by North Waziristan and Kurram in Pakistan. Khost Province used to be part of Paktia Province in the past, and the larger region surrounding Khost is still called Loya Paktia. The city of Khost serves as the capital of Khost province. The population of the province is around 647,730 citizens, which is mostly a tribal society. Khost Airport serves the province for domestic flights to Afghanistan's capital Kabul
Takhar province: Takhar province, the 27th of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeast of the country next to Tajikistan. It is surrounded by Badakhshan in the east, Panjshir in the south, and Baghlan and Kunduz in the west. The city of Taloqan serves as its capital. The province contains 17 districts, over 1,000 villages, and approximately 1,113,173 people, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society
Panjshir province: Panjshir province,the 28th of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan located in the northeastern part of the country containing the Panjshir Valley, as the province is divided into seven districts and contains 512 villages, and in 2021 with a population of of about 173,000 citizens. Bazarak city serves as the provincial capital, currently controlled by the National Resistance Front of Afghanistan, and with Baghlan province Pamjshir is one of two provinces reportedly not controlled by the Taliban following the 2021 Taliban offensive
Panjshir Valley: Panjshir Valley that in April 2004 became the heart of the new Panjshir Province, having previously been part of Parwan Province in north-central Afghanistan and 150 kilometres north of Kabul, near the Hindu Kush mountain range and divided by the Panjshir River, as the valley is home to more than 100,000 people, including Afghanistan's largest concentration of ethnic Tajiks
History of Panjshir Valley: History of Panjshir Valley
Since 2021 National Resistance Front of Afghanistan: National Resistance Front of Afghanistan, a military alliance of former Northern Alliance members and other anti-Taliban fighters, created after the 2021 Taliban offensive, under the leadership of the Afghan politician and military leader Ahmad Massoud
Since August 2021 Panjshir conflict: Since August 2021 Panjshir conflict, an ongoing armed conflict between the formerly dominant 'Islamic Republic of Afghanistan', including the 'National Resistance Front' and other groups, and the newly dominant 'Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan' which is controlled by the 'Taliban' known for terrorism, torture and killings since 20th century, as in addition to the opposition in the Panjshir, there are also districts in the center of the country that are still in resistance against the Taliban, supported by ethnic and religious minorities
4 September 2021 Taliban surrounds Panjshir Valley as resistance holds: 4 September 2021: Taliban surrounds Panjshir Valley as resistance holds, as the Taliban appears determined to snuff out the Panjshir resistance before announcing who will lead the country, and as a spokesman for the National Resistance Front NRF of Afghanistan, which groups opposition forces loyal to local leader Ahmad Massoud, said Taliban forces reached the Darband heights on the border between Kapisa province and Panjshir but were pushed back
6 September 2021 NRF spokeperson tells France24 NRF still resisting in Panjshir province: 6 September 2021: NRF spokeperson tells France24 NRF still resisting in Panjshir province
Kapisa province: Kapisa province, the 29th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan located in the north-east of the country, as the population of Kapisa is estimated to be 364,900, although there has never been an official estimate
History and economy of Kapisa: History of Kapisa - Economy of Kapisa province
Education in Kapisa province: Education in Kapisa province
Politics and security in Kapisa province: Politics and security in Kapisa province
Badakhshan province: Badakhshan province, the 30th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the farthest north-eastern part of the country between Tajikistan and Pakistan-administered Gilgit-Baltistan region. It shares a 91-kilometer border with China, and is part of a broader historical Badakhshan region. The province contains 22 to 28 districts, over 1,200 villages and approximately 1,054,087 people. Fayzabad serves as the provincial capital.
Nuristan province: Nuristan province, the 31st of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. It is divided into seven districts and is Afghanistan's least populous province, with a population of around 167,000 people. Parun serves as the provincial capital. Nuristan is bordered on the south by Laghman and Kunar provinces, on the north by Badakhshan province, on the west by Panjshir province
Laghman province: Laghman province, the 32th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. It has a population of about 502,148 citizens, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society. The city of Mihtarlam serves as the capital of the province
Nangarhar province: Nangarhar province, the 33th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country and bordering Logar, Kabul, Laghman and Kunar provinces as well as an international border with Pakistan. It is divided into twenty-two districts and has a population of about 1,735,531 people, the third highest of the country's 34 provinces. The city of Jalalabad is the capital of Nangarhar province.
Jalalabad city: Jalalabad city, the fifth-largest city of Afghanistan. It has a population of about 356,274 citizens, and serves as the capital of Nangarhar Province in the eastern part of the country, about 130 km from the capital Kabul. Jalalabad is located at the junction of the Kabul River and the Kunar River in a plateau to the south of the Hindu Kush mountains. It is linked by highways with Kabul to the west and the Pakistani city of Peshawar to the east including through the Khyber Pass
20th century timeline and history of Jalalabad: 20th century timeline and history of Jalalabad
18 September 2021 at least 3 people killed and about 20 wounded in a series of blasts in Jalalabad: 18 September 2021: At least three people were killed and about 20 wounded in a series of blasts in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad on Saturday, two sources in the city said , as the fatalities occurred during a series of five blasts, the sources, who said they had received information from hospitals and eyewitnesses
Kunar province: Kunar province, the 34th of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeastern part of the country. Its capital is Asadabad. Its population is estimated to be 508,224 citizens. It is one of the four 'N2KL' provinces (Nangarhar Province, Nuristan Province, Kunar Province and Laghman Province). N2KL is the designation used by the USA and Coalition Forces in Afghanistan for the rugged and very violent region along the Afghanistan–Pakistan border opposite Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas, merged in 2018 with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Asadabad city: Asadabad city, the capital city of Kunar Province located in the eastern portion of the country adjacent to Pakistan, as the city is located within a valley at the confluence of the Pech River and Kunar River between two mountain ridgelines running along both sides of the valley from Northeast to Southwest. Asadabad is located about 13km northwest of the Pakistani border and 80 km northeast of Jalalabad, dealing with a moderate amount of trade goods. Nawa Pass about 16km south of Asadabad is the next major border crossing point north of the Khyber Pass for the region. The pass is under constant observation due to its relative ease to cross for commerce and its potential usage for smuggling and Taliban insurgents
Demographics 0f Afghanistan: Demographics of Afghanistan - the population of Afghanistan was estimated in 2017 at 29.2 million, 15 million males and 14.2 million females, about 22% of them are urbanite and the remaining 78% live in rural areas, an additional 3 million or so Afghans are temporarily housed in neighboring Pakistan and Iran
Ethnic groups in Afghanistan: Ethnic groups in Afghanistan, including Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashai, Nuristani, Gujjar, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri and some others - Ethnic groups in Afghanistan by province
Pashtuns: Pashtuns, an ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan, speaking the Pashto language and estimated to number around 50 million globally - Pashtun tribes are the tribes of the Pashtun people, a large Eastern Iranian ethnic group who use the Pashto language and follow Pashtunwali code of conduct, found primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan and form the world's largest tribal society, comprising over 49 million people and between 350 and 400 tribes and clans, traditionally belonging to four tribal confederacies - Pashtunistan, meaning the 'land of Pashtuns', is the geographic historical region inhabited by the indigenous Pashtun people of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan, wherein Pashtun culture, language, and national identity have been based - Pashtun culture - Pashtun clothing
Tajik: Tajik, the second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and a general designation for a wide range of native Persian-speaking people with current traditional homelands in present-day Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan - Tajik language - in Afghanistan, where Tajik people make up a large part of the population, this language is less influenced by Turkic languages, is called Dari, and has co-official language status
Hazaras: Hazaras, the third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and an ethnic group native to the region of Hazarajat in central Afghanistan, speaking the Hazaragi variant of Dari, itself an eastern variety of Persian and one of the two official languages of Afghanistan - in the neighboring Pakistan Hazaras make up a significant minority group with a population of over 650,000–900,000 people largely living in the region of Quetta - Hazara tribes - Hazaragi dialect - Hazaragi culture - The persecution of Hazara people refers to the discrimination of the Hazaras, who are primarily from the central highland region of Hazarajat in Afghanistan, dating back to the 16th century - Hazara people have established a large diaspora which consists of many communities in different countries around the world as part of the later Afghan diaspora
Uzbeks: Uzbeks, a Turkic ethnic group and the largest Turkic ethnic group in Central Asia, comprising the majority population of Uzbekistan but are also found as a minority group in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Russia and China
Afghan diaspora: Afghan diaspora, citizens of Afghanistan who have immigrated to other countries, or people of Afghan origin who are born outside Afghanistan, traditionally the borders between Afghanistan and its southern and eastern neighbouring countries have been fluid and vagueand like other nations that were created by European empires
Culture and languages in Afghanistan: Culture of Afghanistan - Languages of Afghanistan
Music of Afghanistan: Music of Afghanistan
January 2013 Afghanistan's Music Institute helps revitalise a ruined culture and gives children a chance to transform their lives: 20 January 2013: Afghanistan's Institute of Music helps revitalise a ruined culture and gives children a chance to transform their lives
5 September 2021 Afghan musicians silently await their fate as Taliban’s ban looms: 5 September 2021: Afghan musicians silently await their fate as Taliban’s ban looms, as shutters have been down all along Kharabat Street, the storied heart of Afghan musical life, since the Taliban swept into Kabul in mid-August, and as musicians have taken their instruments home, or crammed them into store rooms, waiting to see if the group will do the unthinkable again, and ban music as they did 25 years ago
Women and women's rights in Afghanistan: Women in Afghanistan - Women's rights in Afghanistan
March 2012 Human Rights Watch report: Human Rights Watch report 28 March 2012: Imprisonment of Afghan women and girls for flight from unlawful forced marriage or domestic violence - 17. April: Laut Behördenberichten haben islamische Extremisten und Gegner von Mädchenschule 150 Mädchen an einer weiterführenden Schule mit kontaminiertem Wasser vergiftet und einige schwer verletzt - 5 July: Woman, children beheaded in Afghan 'dishonour killing' - 8 July: Taliban publicly execute woman accused of adultery in front of a crowd near Kabul - 11 July: Dozens of women, men and rights activists took to the streets of Kabul on Wednesday to protest over the recent public execution of an Afghan woman and to demand justice - 13 July: Female Afghan politician Hanifa Safi killed in a bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan - 24 July: Afghan cleric charged with raping 10-year-old schoolgirl - HRW 18 September: Free Women Jailed for ‘Running Away’ - 30 September: Violence stalks women workers in Afghanistan - 10 December: Afghan women's affairs official in Laghman province Nadia Sidiqi, just months after her predecessor was blown up by a bomb, shot dead by suspected Taliban - 11 December 2012: Afghan women victims of violence are still being failed by the justice system, according to a new UN report
2013 murdered daughter and police failing to do their job: 23 January 2013: After her daughter Khatera was threatened and then murdered, Anisa Azam sued the Afghan police for failing to do their job - 18 May: Afghanistan's parliament failed to pass a law on Saturday banning violence against women - 24 May: Women on Afghan frontlines to fight Taliban - 25 juin: Huit femmes et un enfant d'une même famille ont été tués par une bombe dans la province de Kandahar, alors qu'ils se rendaient à une cérémonie de fiançailles - 4 July: Afghan women's rights activists react with alarm after court reverses conviction in torture of young woman - 4 July: Helmand's top female police officer and mother of three Islam Bibi was killed on her way to work, after receiving death threats from Taliban and even from her family - 14 juillet 2013: À l'école de Dah Yaya des filles apprennent à dire 'non' aux choix qui leur sont imposés - 20 July: One of President Karzai's main religious advisers will not overturn a decree issued by clerics in the north reimposing Taliban-style curbs on women - 13 August: Taliban kidnapped female MP Fariba Ahmadi Kakar who was travelling by car through Afghanistan's central Ghazni province with her children - 5/6 Septembe: Suspected Taliban militants shot dead the Indian author Sushmita Banerjee, married to Afghan businessman Jaanbaz Khan in the Paktika province, running a health clinic and writer of a popular book about her dramatic escape from the Taliban in the 90s, saying 'The way I fought against Taliban, every woman should too' - 16 September: Gunmen shot the top female police officer Negar in Helmand province - 17 September: An unpublished UN report on female police officers in Afghanistan found accounts of pervasive sexual assault and harassment by their male colleagues - 10 December: Police rescue woman from Taliban stoning to death - 19 December: Alarm rises for Afghan women prisoners after Western troops leave
2014 violent crimes against women in Afghanistan: 4 January: Violent crime against women in Afghanistan hit record levels and became increasingly brutal in 2013, the head of its human rights commission Sima Samar says - 8 March: Herat marks International Women’s Day by launching the first Herat International Women’s Film Festival
2015 bomb attack and more violence: 16 February: Popular female politician Angiza Shinwari in east Afghanistan died in hospital following a bomb attack on her vehicle - 23 March 2015: Afghani woman beaten to death by mob was falsely accused of burning Quran - 23 March 2015: Family of Afghan woman Farkhunda, killed by a mob triggered by a mullah in front of Kabul’s Shah-Do Shamshira mosque where she worked as a religious teacher and urged by Kabul police chief 'You have to confirm' that Farkhunda was mentally ill, take comfort from tide of outrage - 6 May 2015: Afghan judge sentences four to death over mob killing of Afghan woman Farkhunda - 3 November 2015: A video has emerged of an Afghan woman, married against her will and stoned to death in Ghalmeen - 28 décembre 2015: Une bénévole travaillant pour une campagne d'éradication de la poliomyélite en Afghanistan a été abattue par deux inconnus circulant à moto, et sa petite-fille a été blessée dans l'agression
April 2019 interpretation of religious law and punishments: 18 April 2019: Amid an increase of violent punishments given to those violating its strict interpretation of religious law, one of four women who was recently subjected to a brutal public lashing by armed Taliban fighters in Afghanistan has spoken about her experience, after she was rounded up by the Taliban’s shadow police for being out of her house without her husband, not being fully veiled and was beaten so badly she lost consciousness
May 2019 terrorism against women: 8 May 2019: The Taliban have killed at least five people in a suicide attack on the offices of a USA aid group in the heart of the Afghan capital, claiming it targeted 'Counterpart International' because it promoted women 'mixing' with men - 11 May 2019: Afghan journalist and political adviser Mena Mangal was shot dead in south-east Kabul in an attack in broad daylight and in a public place, prompting an outpouring of grief and anger from women’s rights activists, directed at authorities who had left her unprotected in the face of threats
May 2020 terrorist attack on a maternity hospital in Kabul: 13 May 2020: Afghan officials raised the death from the terrorist attack on a maternity hospital in Kabul's Dashti Barchi the previous day, saying that 24 people were killed, including two newborn babies, their mothers and an unspecified number of nurses - 19 May 2020: Nineteen-year-old Soraya Ameri had just given birth when gunmen stormed the ward, later recounting her escape and the desperate search for her daughter
21 July 2020 in self defense Afghan girl shot dead three Taliban assailants: 21 July 2020: In self defense Afghan girl shot dead three Taliban fighters after they killed her parents because they supported the government, according to local officials saying the incident happened last week when a group of 40 assailants stormed the village of Geriveh, in central Ghor province, where 16-year-old Qamar Gul was living with her parents and brother
16 August 2020 female Afghan peace negotiator Fawzia Koofi wounded in assassination bid: 16 August 2020: Women’s rights activist Fawzia Koofi, a member of the team negotiating a deal with the Taliban, wounded in an assassination attempt, while returning from a visit to the northern province of Parwan, where she began her political career since 2001, working with Unicef to protect children from violence, exploitation and abuse
10 December 2020 gunmen killed TV journalist and rights activist Malalai Maiwand in Jalalabad: 10 December 2020: Gunmen have shot and killed TV journalist and women’s rights activist Malalai Maiwand in Afghanistan along with her driver Mohammad Tahir in Jalalabad, in an incident that underscored increasing violence against journalists in the country
24 December 2020 female Afghan colonel who survived the Taliban's assassins says 'I am not afraid to fight’: 24 December 2020: Saba Sahar, who returned fire while protecting her daughter, survived one of a wave of recent Taliban's assassination attempts that have killed six policewomen
2 March 2021 three female media workers shot dead in Afghanistan: 2 March 2021: Three female media workers shot dead in Afghanistan, as broadcaster Enikass TV confirms deaths of three workers in two separate attacks in Jalalabad, the latest in a string of targeted assassinations that are increasingly overshadowing USA-brokered attempts to negotiate an end to the country’s war, as Taliban have denied responsibility for most of the killings, but they have been widely seen as a powerful campaign to demoralise their critics
4 July 2021 public flogging of woman in Obe district captured on video quickly went viral since spring: 4 July 2021: The public flogging in Obe district, captured on video, quickly went viral this spring, and as the footage spread between urban Afghans, who shared it on their smartphones, it revived memories of darker times when the militants ruled the country, now seeing men with lashes taking turns to bear down on a woman visibly bracing, even under her burqa, against the blows, and by the end screaming out in pain, as an audience of men and boys watched, snapped photos and videos
6/7 July 2021 AAN's 'Between Hope and Fear. Rural Afghan women talk about peace and war’, as women in north and central regions stage demonstrations: 6 July 2021: As many Afghans are seeing their fears about the fallout from the ill-considered USA-driven peace process come true, Afghanistan Analysts Network AAN's new special publication 'Between Hope and Fear. Rural Afghan women talk about peace and war’ provides a poignant and authentic report to what is happening, as large parts of the country are currently contested or have recently changed hands (again) after many decennies of intimidation, disadvantage, oppression, violence, war and terrorism - 7 July 2021: Armed Afghan women take to streets in show of defiance against Taliban
27 August 2021 France24’s report focusing on August's plight of women in Afghanistan and future: 27 August 2021: France24’s first edition of new series focusing on the plight of women in Afghanistan, as tens of thousands seek to flee the nation, as the UN has already reports of abuse by the Taliban especially when it comes to restricting women and girls - 27 août 2021: L'avenir des femmes afghanes est plus qu'incertain depuis l'arrivée des Taliban, comme l'expliquent dans ce reportage exclusif Cyril Payen et Catherine Norris-Trent, envoyés spéciaux de France24
1 September 2021 women in Afghanistan fear a return to a repressive past under Taliban rule: 1 September 2021: Women in Afghanistan fear a return to a repressive past again under Taliban rule, as Afghan refugee Zahra Sultani in Canada and Senior Consultant at Loyalist Public Affairs shares her gripping story as a young Afghan refugee
Children in Afghanistan: Childhood in Afghanistan - Child marriage in Afghanistan - according to Unicef, 57% of girls in Afghanistan are married before they are 19, in fact the most common ages for girls to get married are 15 and 16
2012/2013: 10 February 2012: Hamid Karzai accuses NATO on Thursday of killing eight children in a coalition airstrike in eastern Afghanistan - 31 August 2012: The decapitated bodies of a 7-year-old girl and a 12-year-old boy found in the country's south and east - 6 September 2012: Third of children in Afghan south acutely malnourished - 10 June 2013: Taliban fighters beheaded two boys aged 10 and 16 as a warning to villagers not to cooperate with the Afghan government - 19 July: A bomb killed five young children and a woman when it exploded after being made at the home of a Taliban commander in eastern Afghanistan
2014 Afghan girls refuse to become Taliban suicide bomber: 8 January 2014: 10-year-old Afghan girl Spozhmai who says her brother sought to use her as a suicide bomber is asking President Karzai to find her a new home - 13 January: Afghan girl Spozhmai told journalists how her family forced her to attack a police checkpoint with a suicide vest
February 2016 10-year-old Wasil Ahmad murdered: 3 February 2016: 10-year-old Afghan Wasil Ahmad, who fought the Taliban alongside his uncle on many occasions, has been shot dead by insurgents near his home in Tirin Kot, capital of the southern Uruzgan province, while on his way to school
February 2017 923 children killed in 2016: 6 February 2017: 923 children killed and 2,589 injured in Afghanistan in 2016, as Isis expands operations, according to the UN, which has documented 11,418 civilian casualties, including 3,498 deaths
September 2018 murdered children in blasts: 22 September 2018: At least eight children killed and six more wounded in blast in Shirin Tagab district in northern Faryab province, Afghan official says - 23 septembre 2018: Huit enfants, dont quatre de la même famille, ont été tués dans le nord-ouest de l'Afghanistan quand l'obus de mortier avec lequel ils jouaient a explosé
August 2019: 12 August 2019: Children across Afghanistan continue to live on the frontlines, and sometimes get caught in the middle of it all, saying 'I know how to use a gun', as UN recorded 927 child deaths and 2,135 injuries in 2018 and in the first half of 2019 327 killed children and 880 wounded
November 2019 mine explosion: 2 November 2019: 9 Afghan children were killed on Saturday when a mine exploded as they walked to school, police said, happening in the northeastern province of Takhar, where 'the Taliban have planted anti-personnel mines'
21 August 2021 no shoes, spare clothes or money - traumatised Afghan children stranded for weeks in hotels: 21 August 2021: Child refugees from Afghanistan are being held by the Home Office in hotels for weeks on end without shoes, spare clothes, money or access to healthcare, embarrassing the home secretary, who promised to help people fleeing the Taliban
Education in Afghanistan: Education in Afghanistan - Category: Education in Afghanistan
Schools in Afghanistan: List of schools in Afghanistan - List of schools in Kabul
October 2012 rising number of girls in schools: 16 October 2012: The number of girls enrolled in education in 2010 was 79%, up from 4% in 1999 during Taliban rule, Unesco says
October 2020 an estimated 3.7 million school-aged children are still out of school: 8 October 2020: Nearly half of war-torn Afghanistan’s 18,000 schools lack proper buildings and an estimated 3.7 million school-aged children are still out of school despite massive investment in the country’s education sector, the World Bank says
16 March 2021 government indecisive after ban on schoolgirls singing in Afghanistan met with protest: 16 March 2021: Afghanistan’s Ministry of Education appears to be backtracking on a decision to impose a nationwide singing ban on schoolgirls, after women take to social media to sing in defiance under #IAmMySong hashtag
Universities and colleges in Afghanistan: Universities and colleges in Afghanistan - List of universities in Afghanistan
October 2019 Ghazni university bombing: 8 October 2019: A bomb has gone off inside a classroom in eastern Ghazni province, wounding at least 19 university students according to an Afghan official, saying 12 of the wounded are female students of the Ghazni University, adding that two of the wounded are in critical condition
2 November 2020 at least 19 people dead after gunmen storm Kabul University: 2 November 2020 Kabul University attack - 2 November 2020: Gunmen have stormed Kabul University as it was hosting a book fair attended by the Iranian ambassador to Afghanistan, leading to a gun battle lasting several hours and leaving at least 19 people dead and 22 wounded
14 November 2020 Kabul University attack linked with Taliban: 14 novembre 2020: L’insurgé qui avait planifié l’assaut contre l’université de la capitale afghane le 2 novembre, recruté par un groupe lié aux talibans, a été interpellé
29 May 2021 a roadside bomb struck a minivan full of university staff in northern Kapisa province: 29 May 2021: A roadside bomb has struck a minivan full of university staff in Afghanistan’s northern Kapisa province, killing 3 teachers and wounding 15 others, as officials say vehicle carrying university staff targeted in Kapisa, with bomb set off remotely
Health in Afghanistan: Health in Afghanistan
2014 Afghanistan's public health issues and concerns according to WHO: WHO 2014: Afghanistan's public health issues and concerns
May 2019 health chief tortured by Taliban: 23 May 2019: Afghan public health chief Dr Mohammad Haqmal, who developed groundbreaking health initiatives in Aghanistan, granted refugee status and settles in UK after being kidnapped and tortured by the Taliban
Medical outbreaks and disasters in Afghanistan: Medical outbreaks in Afghanistan - Disasters in Afghanistan - Man-made disasters in Afghanistan - Wars involving Afghanistan - Terrorism in Afghanistan
Since February 2020 Chinese coronavirus pandemic in Afghanistan: Since February 2020 Chinese coronavirus pandemic in Afghanistan - Timeline of the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Afghanistan since February
31 March 2020 196 confirmed covid-19 cases and four victims: 31 March 2020: 196 confirmed covid-19 cases in Afghanistan, as 4 people have died of the coronavirus so far and five others have recovered
1 April 2020 covid-19 cases increase, shortages and panic buying: 1 April 2020: As coronavirus cases have shot up in Afghanistan in the last few days, approaching 200, country has been hit by a spike in prices of essential goods including food and medicines, and shortages and panic buying increase in the face of a rising coronavirus threat, limited ability to test and health official's fear that the situation is more serious than it seems
2 May 2020 amid covid-19 watchdog warns of impending health disaster: 2 May 2020: In a country already beset by huge problems as watchdog warns of impending health disaster, after the main hospital in southern Afghanistan's Zabul was abandoned following a Taliban attack last September, destroying most of the building and killing nearly 40 people, desperate medics reveal the challenge of fighting covid-19
Since October 2020 timeline of covid-19 pandemic in Afghanistan: Since October 2020 timeline of the covid-19 pandemic in Afghanistan
Healthcare in Afghanistan: Healthcare in Afghanistan
Since 2003 maternal and child health care in Afghanistan: Since 2003 maternal and child health care in Afghanistan - Afghanistan Midwifery Project, a non-profit organization that is dedicated to helping the women of Afghanistan through childbirth, and other women's health issues, as Afghanistan currently rests near the bottom of the World Health Organization's list for infant mortality rates, child birth fatalities, and prenatal care
21st century hospitals in Afghanistan: List of hospitals in Afghanistan, as in 2004/2017 there are 117 government-run hospitals in Afghanistan and a number of private or internationally-administered hospitals, according to Afghan Ministry of Health
History of healthcare in Afghanistan: History of healthcare in Afghanistan
Since 1978/79 efforts to build a public health system: Since 1978/79 reforms including the building of a public health system, introduction of compulsory schooling, especially for girls
Since 1995 Taleban forces restrictions against women's rights, also leading to a denial of adequate health care: Since 1995 the Taleban forces have imposed severe restrictions against women's rights, also leading to a denial of adequate health care, as failure of the Mujahideen groups to agree to power-sharing arrangements changed Afghanistan and lawlessness spread all over the country
In 2006 an estimated 800,000 Afghans disabled, infant, child, and maternal mortality rates reached the highest in the world: In 2006 an estimated 800,000 Afghans are disabled, infant, child, and maternal mortality rates in Afghanistan reached the highest in the world, by some estimates as high as 275 per 1,000, as in rural areas, one in six children reportedly die before reaching age five because of poor sanitation and insufficient potable water supply, infectious and parasitic diseases such as malaria. diarrhea are very common, as malnutrition and poor nutrition also are pervasive
April 2014 WHO responds to health needs following floods in Afghanistan: 30 April 2014: WHO responds to health needs following floods in Afghanistan, as one of the major health concerns during floods is the risk of communicable disease due to interruptions in safe water and sanitation services
February 2014 medical care severely limited: 25 February 2014: Despite years of aid, medical care in Afghanistan remains severely limited as casualty rates from violence climb, according to MSF report
October 2015 bombing of MSF hospital in Kundus: 3 October 2015 bombing of Médecins Sans Frontières hospital in Kunduz - 5 October 2015: After the USA air attack on the MSF hospital in Kunduz killed 22 people, 'no young Afghan doctor is going to risk their life and travel to the provinces to work'
May 2019 health chief kidnapped and tortured by Taliban: 23 May 2019: Afghan public health chief Dr Mohammad Haqmal, who developed groundbreaking health initiatives in Aghanistan, granted refugee status and settles in UK after being kidnapped and tortured by the Taliban
2 May 2020 watchdog warns of impending health disaster amid covid-19: 2 May 2020: After the main hospital in southern Afghanistan's Zabul was abandoned following a Taliban attack last September, destroying most of the building and killing nearly 40 people, desperate medics reveal the challenge of fighting covid-19 in a country already beset by huge problems as watchdog warns of impending health disaster
12 May 2020 gunmen stormed a maternity hospital in Kabul: 12 May 2020: Gunmen stormed maternity Dasht-e-Barchi hospital in the western part of Kabul, setting off a shootout with the police and killing people as Afghan forces carried out newborn babies and their mothers to evacuate the facility under fire - 12 May 2020: Newborn babies among dead in attack on Kabul maternity hospital by gunmen also throwing grenades, as at least 13 killed and dozens evacuated
22 December 2020 5 civilians including 4 doctors killed in Kabul bombing: 22 décembre 2020: Au moins cinq personnes, dont quatre médecins travaillant dans une prison où sont détenus des centaines de talibans, ont été tués mardi à Kaboul dans l’explosion d’une bombe placée sous leur voiture, selon la police
30 March 2021 three female health workers shot dead in east Afghanistan: 30 March 2021: Three female health workers shot dead in east Afghanistan, as killings of polio vaccination officials in Jalalabad coincided with an explosion at its health department
20 September 2021 fixing lives and limbs through decades of war in Afghanistan in an orthopaedic centre in Kabul: 20 September 2021: Fixing lives and limbs through decades of war in Afghanistan, as for more than 30 years, an orthopaedic centre in Kabul staffed by its former patients has given hope to Afghans caught in conflict
Sport in Afghanistan: Sport in Afghanistan - Sport in Afghanistan by city
Sport in Afghanistan by sport: Sport in Afghanistan by sport - Sports competitions in Afghanistan
Women's sport in Afghanistan: Women's sport in Afghanistan
8 September 2021 Afghan women to be banned from playing sport, Taliban say: 8 September 2021: Afghan women, including the country’s women’s cricket team, will be banned from playing sport under the new Taliban government, according to an official in the hardline Islamist group, as in an interview with the Australian broadcaster SBS, the deputy head of the Taliban’s cultural commission, Ahmadullah Wasiq, said women’s sport was considered neither appropriate nor necessary
Media of Afghanistan: Media of Afghanistan
2014: 21 March 2014: Afghan journalists boycott Taliban coverage following the assault on Kabul’s Serena Hotel killing nine civilians, including a local journalist, his wife and two young children - 23 March 2014: Hundreds of journalists and international media organisations are enforcing a voluntary ban on broadcasting Taliban attacks, after Taliban murdered nine innocent civilians including five and three-year-old children in Kabul
Newspapers in Afghanistan: Newspapers in Afghanistan
Internet in Afghanistan: Internet in Afghanistan
Broadcasting in Afghanistan: Radio stations in Afghanistan - Television in Afghanistan
November 2017 TV station attack: 7 November 2017: Gunmen have attacked a private television station in Kabul after breaking into the building following an explosion following series of recent attacks by the Taliban and Isis in Afghan capital
31 May 2020 Islamic State bombing attack targeting Khurshid TV: 31 mai 2020: Deux employés d'une télévision afghane tués par une bombe, revendiquée par le groupe État Islamique qui a frappé un minibus transportant 15 employés de Khurshid TV
Since 2001 list of killed journalists in Afghanistan: List of journalists killed during the War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
January-April 2014 murdered journalists: 24 January 2014: Journalist Noor Ahmed Noori, working for radio station in Afghanistan, found burned and mutilated inside a bag in Helmand province - On 11 March 2014 Swedish journalist Nils Horner shot dead in a street in Kabul in execution-style - 11 March 2014: Swedish journalist Nils Horner, who also had British citizenship, was shot to death on Tuesday while he was talking to a translator on a street in Kabul - 12 March 2014: Taliban splinter group says it killed British-Swedish reporter Nils Horner - 21 March 2014: Afghan journalists boycott Taliban coverage after Kabul hotel attack kills reporter Sardar Ahmad and children - 4 April 2014: A gunman in Afghan police uniform shot two foreign journalists in eastern Khost province killing photographer Anja Niedringhaus and injuring reporter Kathy Gannon
April 2018 ten journalists killed in Kabul: 30 April 2018: Ten journalists among 36 killed in Afghanistan attacks, as nine journalists killed while reporting on first of twin blasts in Kabul
May 2019 assassination of Mena Mangal: 11/12 May 2019: Afghan journalist and political adviser to the parliament's cultural affairs commission Mina Mangal was shot dead in south-east Kabul in an attack by two unidentified men on a motorbike in broad daylight and in a public place, prompting an outpouring of grief and anger from women’s rights activists, directed at authorities who had left her unprotected in the face of threats
10 December 2020 gunmen killed TV journalist and rights activist Malalai Maiwand in Jalalabad: 10 December 2020: Gunmen have shot and killed TV journalist and women’s rights activist Malalai Maiwand in Afghanistan along with her driver Mohammad Tahir in Jalalabad, in an incident that underscored increasing violence against journalists in the country
1 January 2021 journalist dies in Afghanistan as targeted killings continue: 1 January 2021: Afghan journalist and human rights activist Bismillah Adil Aimaq has been shot and killed by unidentified gunmen in western Afghanistan near Ghor's provincial capital of Feroz Koh, returning home to the city after visiting his family, the fifth journalist to be killed in the war-ravaged country in the past two months, a provincial spokesman said, as violence increases amid stalled Taliban peace talks
21 August 2021 Afghanistan's media under Taliban rule, BBC Monitoring reports: 21 August 2021: How Afghanistan's media is changing under Taliban rule, BBC Monitoring reports taking a look at what Afghan people are seeing on their TV screens
Human Rights in Afghanistan: Human rights in Afghanistan
March 2015: 3 March 2015: Rights group accuses high-ranking officials in Afghanistan of allowing extrajudicial killings and brutal practices to flourish after fall of Taliban
February 2019: 3 février 2019: Les Afghanes sont très inquiètes pour leurs droits et leur liberté après les accords de paix négociés avec les talibans et l'annonce d'un possible retrait des troupes de l'Otan, évoqué lors des pourparlers entre Etats-Unis et insurgés
Torture in Afghanistan: Torture in Afghanistan - Bagram torture and prisoner abuse
11 October 2011 UN finds 'systematic' torture in Afghanistan: 11 October 2011: UN finds 'systematic' torture in Afghanistan
20 January 2013 UN says torture in Afghan prisons continues to be widespread: 20 January 2013: The UN says torture in Afghan prisons continues to be widespread despite its recommendations in a similar report in 2011 - 'few investigations and no prosecutions for those responsible'
1 June 2013 Britain must investigate torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, UN says: 1 June 2013: Britain must investigate torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, UN says
May 2019 health chief tortured by Taliban: 23 May 2019: Afghan public health chief Dr Mohammad Haqmal, who developed groundbreaking health initiatives in Aghanistan, granted refugee status and settles in UK after being kidnapped and tortured by the Taliban
21 August 2021 Afghanistan reports of torture and killing contradict Taliban’s promises, as Islamists tortured Hazara men to death: 21 August 2021: Afghanistan reports of torture and killing contradict Taliban’s promises, as Islamists tortured Hazara men to death, say witnesses, and relative of journalist killed, with reports of the Taliban going door to door searching for people who worked with the former Afghan government or western countries, as claims have also emerged of Taliban fighters torturing and killing members of an ethnic minority in Afghanistan after overrunning their village last month
Religion and freedom of religion in Afghanistan: Religion in Afghanistan - Islam in Afghanistan - Buddhism in Afghanistan - Freedom of religion in Afghanistan
2015: 23 March 2015: Afghani woman beaten to death by mob was falsely accused of burning Quran - 23 March 2015: Family of Afghan woman Farkhunda, killed by a mob triggered by a mullah in front of Kabul’s Shah-Do Shamshira mosque where she worked as a religious teacher and urged by Kabul police chief 'You have to confirm' that Farkhunda was mentally ill, take comfort from tide of outrage - 6 May 2015: Afghan judge sentences four to death over mob killing of Afghan woman Farkhunda
Ideology of Taliban: Ideology of Taliban - Taliban propaganda
Since 1994 mass murder in the name of 'Allah': Terrorism in Afghanistan
Since 1994 Taliban violence against women: Taliban treatment of women
April 2013 Taliban's punishment with amputations: 21 April 2013: Taliban punished two Afghans with amputations, police and one of the victims said
8 September 2019 Taliban threats: 8 September 2019: Taliban warns of more USA dead after Trump says he cancelled peace talks, asking 'what kind of people would kill so many in order to seemingly strengthen their bargaining position', following a rising number of Taliban terror attacks in 2019, killing many civilians and USA soldiers ahead of September presidential election
18 September 2019 Taliban death threats against democrats, students and education workers: 18 September 2019: Afghanistan's Taliban terrorist group on Wednesday warned teachers, students and other education workers to avoid the upcoming presidential vote or risk dying in attacks on election centres
2 March 2020 terrorist group Taliban ends truce and peace in Afghanistan: 2 mars 2020: Les talibans ont annoncé lundi mettre un terme à la trêve partielle instaurée le 22 février et reprendre leur offensive contre les forces de sécurité afghanes, un attentat a fait au moins trois morts et 11 blessés
24 June 2021 Afghans who helped Australia at risk after receiving Taliban ‘night letters’ former Dfat adviser says: 24 June 2021: A former Australian foreign affairs staffer who was the target of a suicide bombing in Afghanistan after receiving Taliban 'night letters' is pleading for the evacuation of his former Afghan colleagues, amid reports at least nine locally employed workers have been killed in recent days
8 July 2021 journalist looks at some of the activities the Taliban: 8 July 2021: Committed journalist looks at some of the activities the Taliban banned, and the fears of those now taking part in them, as Taliban fighters have made enormous military and territorial gains since USA troops began their final withdrawal in May, and as the group’s leaders say they want Afghanistan to return to being an Islamic state ruled by religious elders, against some pro-democracy achievements and aroused hopes in recent years, especially for women and children
Crime in Afghanistan: Crime in Afghanistan
Terrorism and 21st-century mass murder in Afghanistan: Terrorism in Afghanistan - 21st-century mass murder in Afghanistan - Terrorist incidents in Afghanistan by type - Terrorist incidents in Afghanistan by year - Terrorist incidents in Kabul
Victims of the Taliban: Taliban attacks - Victims of the Taliban - Mass murder in Afghanistan
'Islamic State' terrorist incidents in Afghanistan: 'Islamic State' terrorist incidents in Afghanistan - Mass murder in Afghanistan
2010/2011: 9 March 2011: The annual UN report on civilian casualties shows that more than two-thirds of the 2,777 civilians killed last year were the victims of insurgents, a 28% increase on 2009, and that by contrast Nato and Afghan government forces were responsible for killing 440
2014: 17 December 2014: A day after Pakistan Taliban attacked a school in Peshawar killing at least 141 people, Taliban storm New Kabul bank in Lashkar Gah in Helmand, killing at least 10 people
2017: 17 July 2017: Civilian deaths at record high in 16-year war, says UN, as the number of deaths of women and children grew especially fast, primarily due to the Taliban’s use of homemade bombs, which caused 40% of civilian casualties in the first six months of 2017
January 2018 Save the Children Jalalabad attack: 24 January 2018 Save the Children Jalalabad attack, claimed by Islamic State terrorists
January 2018 Kabul ambulance bombing: 27 January 2018 Kabul ambulance bombing claimed by the Taliban
February 2018 'competition' between Islamic State and Taliban terrorists: 6 February 2018: 'Competition' between the Islamic State terrorists and the Taliban terrorists (approximately 60,000 fighters) in Afghanistan
April 2018 Kabul suicide bombing: 22 April 2018 Kabul suicide bombing - 22 April 2018: Afghan officials say 31 people have been killed and 54 wounded in a suicide bombing in Kabul that targeted a voter registration centre, claimed by Islamic State terrorists - 30 April 2018: Ten journalists among 36 killed in Afghanistan attacks, as nine journalists killed while reporting on first of twin blasts in Kabul
May 2018: 6 mai 2018: Au moins 12 personnes ont été tuées et 33 blessées dimanche par l'explosion d'une bombe dans un centre d'enregistrement pour les élections législatives dans la province de Khost - 7 May 2018: Afghan police foil suicide attack on Kabul blood drive for victims of recent attacks - 20 May 2018: Eight people reportedly killed and dozens more wounded by multiple explosions at a cricket match in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad
4 June 2018: 4 juin 2018: Un kamikaze a tué au moins 8 personnes lundi à Kaboul près d'un rassemblement d'imams pour la paix et contre le terrorisme
16 June 2018: 16 June 2018: At least 25 people have been killed in a suicide bombing claimed by 'Islamic State' terrorists in eastern Afghanistan, as elsewhere across the country jubilant scenes marked the first ceasefire between the Taliban and Afghan government in 17 years
2/3 July 2018: 3 July 2018: Islamic State terrorists on Monday claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing in eastern Afghanistan that killed at least 19 people, mostly Sikhs and Hindus, targeting a delegation from the minority communities traveling for a meeting with president Ghani
22/23 July 2018: 23 juillet 2018: L'attentat suicide revendiqué par l'EI qui a visé à Kaboul Abdul Rashid Dostum, a fait au moins 23 morts et 107 blessés, parmi les victimes, le bureau de l'AFP à Kaboul pleure un de ses collaborateurs, le chauffeur Mohammad Akhtar, 31 ans, père de quatre enfants
28 July 2018: 28 juillet 2018: Une attaque a frappé un centre de formation pour sages-femmes à Jalalabad, faisant au moins trois blessés
August 2018: 15 August 2018 Kabul suicide bombing claimed by the 'Islamic State' terror group - 15 août 2018: Au moins 25 personnes ont été tuées et près de 35 personnes ont été blessées par une explosion près d'un centre éducatif dans un quartier chiite de l'ouest de Kaboul - 21 August 2018: The Taliban terror group fired a pair of rockets toward the presidential palace in Kabul as the Afghan president was delivering his holiday message for the Muslim celebrations, prompting a ferocious aerial response with helicopter gunships bombing the house from where the rockets were reportedly launched, after earlier this month, the Taliban launched a coordinated assault on Ghazni, killing at least 100 security forces and 35 civilians
September 2018: 5 September 2018: An hour after a suicide bomber blew himself up at a sports hall in a heavily Shia neighbourhood on Wednesday, a car packed with explosives detonated as journalists and security forces gathered at the scene, police said
2019 conflict and cooperation between Islamic State and Taliban terrorists: 7 January 2019: Intra-Jihadist conflict and cooperation - Islamic State–Khorasan Province and the Taliban in Afghanistan - 17 April 2019: Rivalries and power struggles - a portrait of the Islamic State in Khorasan
April 2019 Kabul attack: 20 April 2019: Afghan telecoms ministry hit by blast as attackers enter Kabul building
24 May 2019 Kabul mosque bombing: 24 May 2019 Kabul mosque bombing, killing at least four people and injuring nearly 20
1 July 2019 Taliban car bombing and mass shooting attack in Kabul: 1 July 2019 Taliban car bombing and mass shooting attack in Kabul, killing 40 civilians and injuring 116, including many schoolchildren - 1 July 2019: At least 50 children wounded in Taliban car bomb attack on Kabul
6/7 July 2019 Ghazni attack: 6 July 2019: An Islamic State group affiliate has claimed responsibility for a bombing in a Shi'ite mosque in central Afghanistan's Ghazni province that killed two people and injured 20 others, including eight children - 7 July 2019: As conference including Taliban starts in Doha, Taliban car bomb in central Afghanistan's Ghazni has killed at least eight members of the security forces and four civilians and wounded dozens, many of them students attending a nearby school
13 July 2019 Taliban attack: 13 July 2019: At least five people have been killed and 18 others injured in a Taliban attack on a hotel in western Afghanistan on Saturday, according to government and medical sources
19 July 2019 Kabul bombing attack: 19 juillet 2019: En pleine période d'examens, une bombe explose près de l'entrée d'une université à Kaboul, il y aurait 8 morts et des dizaines de blessés
25 July 2019 Kabul bombing attacks: 25 juillet 2019: Au moins dix personnes ont été tuées et plus de quarante autres ont été blessées jeudi matin à Kaboul où se sont produites trois explosions, une revendiquée par les talibans
28/29 July 2019: 29 July 2019: The death toll from the attack targeting Afghan president's running mate Amrullah Saleh's Kabul office, who was evacuated from the building, has climbed to at least 20 people, as about 50 other people were wounded in the attack against the Green Trend party headquarters in Kabul
31 July 2019 Taliban roadside bomb: 31 July 2019: A roadside bomb tore through a bus traveling on a main highway between the western city of Herat and the southern city of Kandahar, killing at least 32 people and wounding 15 with most in critical condition, according to Muhibullah Muhib, the spokesman for Farah province, saying that the bomb was freshly planted by the Taliban to target security forces, but the victims were civilians, mostly women and children
7 August 2019 Taliban car bomb: 7 August 2019 Taliban suicide bombing in Kabul - 7 August 2019: A car bomb exploding outside a police station in the Afghan capital Kabul reportedly killed at least 14 people and wounded more than 140 people, mostly civilians including women and children, as the Taliban claimed responsibility for what it said was a suicide attack
17 August 2019 Kabul bombing: 17 August 2019 Kabul bombing, targeting a wedding, killing at least 63 people and injuring 182 - 18 August 2019: Islamic State terrorists claims responsibility for Kabul wedding hall blast
19 August 2019 bombings: 19 August 2019: A series of bombings has struck restaurants and public squares in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad, wounding at least 66 people, officials said, as the country marked the 100th anniversary of its independence from Britain
31 August 2019 Taliban attack on Kunduz: 31 August 2019: The Taliban have launched a new attack on Afghanistan’s city of Kunduz, even as the insurgent group continued negotiations with the USA on ending USA's longest war - 1 September 2019: At least three civilians and 36 Taliban fighters have been killed after the militant group launched a 'massive' attack on Kunduz
2/3 September 2019 Taliban Kabul attack: 3 September 2019: The toll from a massive blast claimed by the Taliban in Kabul has risen to 16 dead — all civilians — with scores more wounded, an official said
5 September 2019 Taliban suicide bombing: 5 September 2019: A Taliban suicide bomber has blown himself up in the centre of Kabul, with the blast rattling windows and doors in an area near embassies and government buildings
16 September 2019 Farah, Ghazni and Logar attacks: 16 September 2019: At least five civilians, including women and children, were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in western Farah province on Sunday, where the Taliban are active, as on Monday a sticky bomb attached to a mini bus belonging to Ghazni University exploded and killed the bus driver, wounding five Ghazni University students
17 September 2019 Taliban Charakar and Kabul attacks: 17 September 2019 Taliban bombings - 17 September 2019: Taliban suicide bomber on a motorcycletargeted a campaign rally by president Ashraf Ghani in northern Afghanistan on Tuesday, killing at least 24 people and wounding 31, as hours later an explosion struck near the USA Embassy in Kabul, killing 22 people and wounding a further 38
18 September 2019 Jalalabad suicide attack: 18 September 2019: Gunmen and at least one suicide bomber attacked a government building in eastern Afghanistan's Jalalabad, used for the distribution of electronic identity cards, wounding nine people including a child and a woman, as Taliban and Islamic state group are active in eastern Afghanistan - 18 September 2019: Afghanistan's Taliban terrorist group on Wednesday warned teachers, students and other education workers to avoid the upcoming presidential vote or risk dying in attacks on election centres
19/20 September 2019 Taliban truck bomb kills dozens in Qalat: 19 September 2019 Qalat Taliban suicide bombing - 19 September 2019: Taliban truck bomb has killed at least 30 people and wounded 95 others including several women, children, health workers and patients in Qalat's hospital when it exploded near hospital in southern Afghanistan's city of Qalat, the capital of Zabul province - 20 septembre 2019: Le bilan d'un attentat des talibans ayant touché jeudi un hôpital dans le sud de l'Afghanistan est passé à au moins 39 morts et 140 blessés, selon les autorités de la province de Zaboul
20/21 September 2019 two confirmed Taliban attacks: 21 September 2019: A roadside bomb has killed at least two civilians and wounded five other people when the blast struck a vehicle Friday afternoon in Spin Boldak district in southern Kandahar province where the Taliban are active, and as two more blasts in Kabul on Friday night were claimed by the terrorist group
1 October 2019 Taliban Balkh province attack: 1 October 2019: The Taliban killed at least 11 police officers in Afghanistan's northern Balkh province before burning their headquarters, officials said
16 October 2019 Alishing attack: 16 October 2019: 26 people including 20 children and six security forces were wounded in an attack in Alishing district, and at least two security officers were killed when a car bomb detonated
18/19 October 2019 Haska Meyna mosque bombing: 18 October 2019 Haska Meyna mosque bombing - 18 octobre 2019: Plus de 28 personnes ont été tuées par une explosion dans une mosquée de l'est de l'Afghanistan vendredi, qui a fait également plus de 50 blessés - 19 October 2019: State blames Taliban for blasts targeting worshippers during Friday prayers, killing at least 69 people including children and elders
13 November 2019 car bomb explosion in Kabul: 13 November 2019: Car bomb explosion kills at least seven people in Afghan capital Kabul, wounding 10 others
11 December Bagram hospital attack: 11 décembre 2019: Une attaque contre un hôpital en construction près de la base américaine de Bagram, au nord de Kaboul, a tué une femme et fait au moins soixante blessés mercredi, ont indiqué des sources locales et militaire américaine
17 December 2019 roadside bombings: 17 December 2019: A roadside bombing in eastern Afghanistan killed at least 10 civilians on Tuesday morning, including women and children, while explosives attached to a bicycle detonated near a police vehicle in a northern province, wounding at least 18 people
19 January 2020 Taliban reportedly executed family: 19 January 2020: Afghan officials said Sunday that the Taliban executed six members of the same family, including an infant girl, in a remote village in the country's north
11 February 2020 Kabul suicide bombing: 11 February 2020 Kabul suicide bombing, killing 7 people including civilians and wounding 12 other people, including five civilians
6 March 2020 dozens killed in attack on political rally in Kabul: 6 March 2020: Gunmen opened fire on Friday at a ceremony in Afghanistan’s capital attended by political leaders, killing at least 32 people and wounding dozens more before the two attackers were killed by police, officials said, as 'Islamic State' terrorists claimed responsibility for the attack
25 March 2020 Islamic state terrorists killed at least 25 Sikh worshippers: 25 March 2020: Islamic state gunmen and suicide bombers have killed at least 25 worshippers, including women and children, and injured many others in an early morning attack on a Sikh Gurdwara in the heart of Kabul
26 March 2020 bomb disrupts funeral service for 25 Sikhs killed in Kabul: 26 March 2020: An explosive device disrupted funeral service in Kabul for 25 members of Afghanistan's Sikh minority community who had been killed by Islamic State terrorists as no one reportedly hurt in the blast
1 April 2020 roadside bombing in Helmand killed civilians including 6 children: 1 April 2020: A roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan's Helmand near Greshk killed at least eight civilians, including six children, as the Taliban and Islamic State terrorists are active in Helmand province, as Taliban sent a technical team to Kabul to monitor the release of Taliban prisoners
8 April 2020 Taliban kill at least 7 civilians amid covid-19 pandemic: 8 April 2020: Taliban kill at least 7 civilians in country's northern Balkh province, as in the southern Kandahar province 3 children were killed and 5 were seriously wounded when a mortar shell hit in the district of Daman, both attacks coming as country braces for the covid-19 pandemic, which has killed at least 14 people from among 423 confirmed cases
29 April 2020 suicide bomber in Kabul kills at least three civilians: 29 April 2020: A suicide bomber targeted a base belonging to Afghan special forces on the southern outskirts of Kabul, killing at least three civilians and wounding 15, officials said, as the government blamed the Taliban for the attack
11 May 2020 four explosions in Kabul: 11 mai 2020: Quatre explosions successives de mines ont secoué le nord de la capitale afghane lundi matin blessant quatre civils, selon la police
12 May 2020 gunmen stormed a maternity hospital in Kabul: 12 May 2020: Gunmen stormed maternity Dasht-e-Barchi hospital in the western part of Kabul, setting off a shootout with the police and killing people as Afghan forces carried out newborn babies and their mothers to evacuate the facility under fire - 12 May 2020: Newborn babies among dead in attack on Kabul maternity hospital by gunmen also throwing grenades, as at least 13 killed and dozens evacuated
12 May 2020 suicide terror attack at funeral in Khewa district: 12 mai 2020: Des dizaines de personnes ont été tuées et blessées dans une attaque suicide lors d'une cérémonie de funérailles dans l'est de l'Afghanistan mardi matin, a indiqué un porte-parole du gouvernement local
20 May 2020 terrorists killed 14 civilians: 20 May 2020: Terrorists killed 14 civilians in two separate attacks in Afghanistan while the Taliban targeted pro-government checkpoints in the northeast, killing nine militiamen
31 May 2020 Islamic State bombing attack: 31 mai 2020: Deux employés d'une télévision afghane tués par une bombe, revendiquée par le groupe État Islamique qui a frappé un minibus transportant 15 employés de Khurshid TV
27 June 2020 bomb attack kills human rights workers in Kabul: 27 June 2020: Bomb attack kills two human rights workers in Kabul
3 August 2020 ongoing Islamic State attack on Afghan prison killing 21 so far: 3 August 2020: An Islamic State group attack on a prison in eastern Afghanistan holding hundreds of its members raged on Monday after killing at least 21 people in fighting overnight, a local official said, as another 43 people have been wounded in the assault
16 August 2020 female Afghan peace negotiator Fawzia Koofi wounded in assassination bid: 16 August 2020: Women’s rights activist Fawzia Koofi, a member of the team negotiating a deal with the Taliban, wounded in an assassination attempt, while returning from a visit to the northern province of Parwan, where she began her political career since 2001, working with Unicef to protect children from violence, exploitation and abuse
9 September 2020 Amrullah Saleh wounded by roadside bomb attack killing 10 people in Kabul: 9 September 2020 vice president of Afghanistan Amrullah Saleh was wounded by a roadside bomb attack in Kabul, in which 10 people were killed, 15 civilians wounded, including some of his bodyguards, as Saleh said he was traveling to his office and there was no claim of responsibility for the bombing
3 October 2020 civilians killed in car bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan: 3 octobre 2020: Au moins quinze personnes, principalement des civils, ont été tuées et plus de quarante blessées dans un attentat au camion piégé samedi, quand l’attaque ciblait un bâtiment administratif dans l’est de l’Afghanistan
18 October 2020 civilians killed in Firuzkuh car bomb attack: 18 octobre 2020: Une voiture piégée ayant pris pour cible le siège de la police afghane à Feroz Koh dans la province de Ghor (ouest) a tué dimanche au moins douze civils et fait une centaine de blessés, selon les autorités
24 October 2020 deadly suicide bomb attack in Kabul: 24 October 2020: At least 18 dead in suicide bomb attack in Kabul as explosion struck outside education centre in Shia neighbourhood in Afghan city
7 November 2020 Kabul vehicle bomb kills 3 civilians including journalist: 7 November 2020: A bomb attached to the vehicle of a former presenter on Afghanistan’s Tolo TV has exploded, killing the journalist and two other civilians, Kabul police have said, as separately on Saturday a suicide bomb attack in the southern Zabul province killed two civilians, wounding seven more
14 November 2020 Kabul University attack linked with Taliban: 14 novembre 2020: L’insurgé qui avait planifié l’assaut contre l’université de la capitale afghane le 2 novembre, recruté par un groupe lié aux talibans, a été interpellé
21 November 2020 three citizens die in rocket attacks on Afghan capital: 21 November 2020: Three citizens die in rocket attacks on Afghan capital, as explosions come ahead of separate scheduled meetings between Mike Pompeo, Taliban and Afghan government officials in Doha
10 December 2020 gunmen killed TV journalist and rights activist Malalai Maiwand in Jalalabad: 10 December 2020: Gunmen have shot and killed TV journalist and women’s rights activist Malalai Maiwand in Afghanistan along with her driver Mohammad Tahir in Jalalabad, in an incident that underscored increasing violence against journalists in the country
18 December 2020 bomb blast kills 15 children in Afghanistan's Gilan: 18 December 2020: A bomb rigged to a rickshaw has killed at least 15 children and wounded 20 others in a Taliban-controlled area in eastern Afghanistan's Gilan district, a provincial official said, as violence in the war-weary country continued to surge
20 December 2020 Kabul terror attack and killed children: 20 décembre 2020: L’explosion d’une voiture piégée a fait dimanche huit morts dont des enfants et plus de 15 blessés à Kaboul, une nouvelle fois frappée par des attaques sanglantes, ont annoncé les autorités afghanes
22 December 2020 5 civilians including 4 doctors killed in Kabul bombing: 22 décembre 2020: Au moins cinq personnes, dont quatre médecins travaillant dans une prison où sont détenus des centaines de talibans, ont été tués mardi à Kaboul dans l’explosion d’une bombe placée sous leur voiture, selon la police
17 January 2021 two female judges shot dead in Kabul as wave of killings continues: 17 January 2021: Two female judges shot dead in Kabul as wave of killings continues, and as assassination of supreme court judges follows months of increased violence in Afghanistan
8 May 2021 car bombing: 8 May 2021 car bombing in front of Sayed al-Shuhada school in Dashte Barchi
4 August 2021 Taliban terrorist attack on minister's house in Kabul left at least eight dead: 4 August 2021: An audacious attack on the Afghan defence minister's house in Kabul has left at least eight dead, the first major bombing by militants in the city for nearly a year, as Bismillah Khan Mohammadi fortunately was not at home on Tuesday night as gunmen detonated a car bomb and fired shots near the heavily fortified Green Zone, as four of the gunmen reportedly killed, as Mohammadi's family was evacuated, and as the Taliban said they were behind the attack, also warning of more terrorist attacks against government leaders
18 September 2021 series of deadly blasts in Jalalabad city and capital Kabul: 18 September 2021: At least seven people have been killed and some 30 wounded in a series of blasts in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad and Afghanistan’s capital Kabul, as the casualties occurred when improvised explosive devices went off on Saturday
Torture in Afghanistan: Torture in Afghanistan - Bagram torture and prisoner abuse
11 October 2011 UN finds 'systematic' torture in Afghanistan: 11 October 2011: UN finds 'systematic' torture in Afghanistan
20 January 2013 UN says torture in Afghan prisons continues to be widespread: 20 January 2013: The UN says torture in Afghan prisons continues to be widespread despite its recommendations in a similar report in 2011 - 'few investigations and no prosecutions for those responsible'
1 June 2013 Britain must investigate torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, UN says: 1 June 2013: Britain must investigate torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, UN says
May 2019 health chief tortured by Taliban: 23 May 2019: Afghan public health chief Dr Mohammad Haqmal, who developed groundbreaking health initiatives in Aghanistan, granted refugee status and settles in UK after being kidnapped and tortured by the Taliban
21 August 2021 Afghanistan reports of torture and killing contradict Taliban’s promises, as Islamists tortured Hazara men to death: 21 August 2021: Afghanistan reports of torture and killing contradict Taliban’s promises, as Islamists tortured Hazara men to death, say witnesses, and relative of journalist killed, with reports of the Taliban going door to door searching for people who worked with the former Afghan government or western countries, as claims have also emerged of Taliban fighters torturing and killing members of an ethnic minority in Afghanistan after overrunning their village last month
Religion and freedom of religion in Afghanistan: Religion in Afghanistan - Islam in Afghanistan - Buddhism in Afghanistan - Freedom of religion in Afghanistan
2015: 23 March 2015: Afghani woman beaten to death by mob was falsely accused of burning Quran - 23 March 2015: Family of Afghan woman Farkhunda, killed by a mob triggered by a mullah in front of Kabul’s Shah-Do Shamshira mosque where she worked as a religious teacher and urged by Kabul police chief 'You have to confirm' that Farkhunda was mentally ill, take comfort from tide of outrage - 6 May 2015: Afghan judge sentences four to death over mob killing of Afghan woman Farkhunda
Opium production in Afghanistan: Opium production in Afghanistan
2016: 23 octobre 2016: La culture d'opium en Afghanistan, premier producteur d'héroïne au monde, a atteint cette année son 3e niveau de production le plus élevé depuis 20 ans, selon l'ONU, qui estime que la surface cultivée a augmenté d'environ 10% par rapport à 2015
Illegal drug trade in Afghanistan: Illegal drug trade in Afghanistan
Allegations of CIA drug trafficking in Afghanistan: Allegations of CIA drug trafficking in Afghanistan
Corruption in Afghanistan: Corruption in Afghanistan - Corruption, fraud etc. in Afghanistan - Shirini - Integrity Watch Afghanistan
2013-2016: 5 March 2013: The former chiefs of Kabul Bank Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi have been sentenced to five years in jail for the multi-million dollar fraud that almost led to its collapse in 2010 - 19 April 2015: UN investigation finds corruption in Afghan police oversight division - 14 September 2016: From the very beginning of its intervention in Afghanistan 15 years ago, the USA sabotaged its own efforts by feeding corruption in the country’s government and the security forces meant to fight the Taliban, according to a new report by a USA Congress watchdog
Law and law enforcement in Afghanistan: Law of Afghanistan - Law enforcement in Afghanistan
Judiciary of Afghanistan: Judiciary of Afghanistan, still under construction as the Justice Ministry is now (May 2016) working to set up a workable judicial system with lower and a higher courts in every province as in rural areas, where local elders and tribal authorities resolve criminal cases, Taliban laws have remained in effect, and verdicts often are based on Islamic and tribal law
Supreme Court of Afghanistan: Supreme Court of Afghanistan, the court of last resort in Afghanistan created by the Constitution of Afghanistan, which was approved in January 2004 - Chief Justice of Afghanistan
17 January 2021 two female judges shot dead in Kabul as wave of killings continues: 17 January 2021: Two female judges shot dead in Kabul as wave of killings continues, and as assassination of supreme court judges follows months of increased violence in Afghanistan
Afghan National Police: Afghan National Police, the primary police force of Afghanistan, serving all across the country under the responsibility of Afghanistan's Ministry of Interior and having about 157,000 active members as of September 2013 - Afghan Public Protection Force since 2009, organized as a State Owned Enterprise and designed to contract with both domestic and international customers for security services within Afghanistan
Foreign relations of Afghanistan: Foreign relations of Afghanistan
Invasions and wars targeting and involving Afghanistan: Wars targeting and involving Afghanistan - Invasions of Afghanistan - as Afghanistan is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia and South Asia, the Afghanistan area has been invaded many times in recorded history, some of these invaders in the history of Afghanistan include Indians, Alexander the Great, Caliphate, Genghis Khan, Timur, Mughal Empire, various Persian Empires, British Empire, Sikh Empire, Soviet Union, and currently a coalition force of NATO troops - List of wars involving Afghanistan
Foreign aid to Afghanistan and 'phantom aid':
2002-2009 phantom aid in Afghanistan: Phantom aid in Afghanistan, an aid that never reaches the intended recipients and that gets looted in many ways, as Afghanistan has received approximately $35 billion of international aid between 2002 and 2009, however, much of this aid has not helped ease poverty or improve economic and living conditions
2011/2012: 8. Juni 2011: Selbstbeurteilung der Afghanistan-Hilfe der USA als wenig effektiv - 9. September 2011: Nach jahrzehntelangen Kriegszerstörungen steht Afghanistan vor wirtschaftlichem Kollaps - 30 July 2012: Hundreds of millions of US taxpayer dollars may have been wasted on poorly managed infrastructure projects in Afghanistan, a report to USA Congress says - 28 November 2012: Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee published its report declaring that US$5 billion, including $400 million the Kabul Bank’s shareholders, were illegally transferred abroad
2016 Brussels conference on Afghanistan: October 2016 Brussels conference on Afghanistan
Afghanistan/United Nations relations: Afghanistan/United Nations relations - UN resolutions concerning Afghanistan
July 2013 UN deputy chief reiterates commitment to country’s long-term development in Afghanistan: 1 July 2013: UN deputy chief reiterates commitment to country’s long-term development in Afghanistan
April 2014 UN's Ban Ki-moon urges all Afghans to participate in Presidential and Provincial Council elections in April: 3/4 April 2014: UN's Ban Ki-moon urges all Afghan men and women to fully participate in Presidential and Provincial Council elections on April 5, as UNAMA condemns deadly attack on foreign journalists in the Tani district of Khost province
22 June 2021 UNAMA's Deborah Lyons said from politics, security to economy Afghanistan's 'slide toward dire scenarios is undeniable': 22 June 2021: Deborah Lyons, Special Representative and Head of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan UNAMA, said from politics to security, the peace process to the economy, the 'possible slide toward dire scenarios is undeniable' and 'the relentless spirit of the Afghans and their incredible resilience is being severely tested', after through its intensified military campaign, the Taliban has taken more than 50 of Afghanistan’s 370 districts since the beginning of May, reminding that what happens there is 'of global consequence', and the Security Council needed to be fully aware of the gravity of the situation
Afghan refugees and Afghan diaspora: Afghan refugees - Afghan diaspora, citizens of Afghanistan who have immigrated to other countries, or people of Afghan origin who are born outside Afghanistan, traditionally the borders between Afghanistan and its southern and eastern neighbouring countries have been fluid and vagueand like other nations that were created by European empires
21 October 2020 stadium crush kills at least 11 women seeking visas to leave Afghanistan: 21 October 2020: At least 11 women died in a crush at a football stadium in Afghanistan as thousands of people amassed to get visas to leave the country, as eastern Nangarhar province spokesman Attaullah Khogyani said a further 13 people, mostly women, were injured at the Jalalabad stadium, where they were trying to get visas to enter Pakistan, as separately, at least 36 Afghan police were killed in an ambush by Taliban militants in northern Afghanistan
27 August 2021 UN refugee agency's Kelly Clement appealing to Afghanistan neighbouring countries to keep their borders open: 27 August 2021: Up to half a million Afghans could flee their homeland by year-end, the UN refugee agency's Kelly Clement said, appealing to all neighbouring countries to keep their borders open for those seeking safety
Bilateral relations of Afghanistan: Bilateral relations of Afghanistan
Afghanistan/Australia relations: Afghanistan/Australia relations
Since 2001 military history of Australia during the War in Afghanistan: Since 2001 military history of Australia during the War in Afghanistan - Military bases of Australia in Afghanistan
2012: 17 April 2012: Australia to end Afghan mission in 2013 - 31 August 2012: Australia says the death of three troops being shot by an Afghan colleague and two others dying in a helicopter crash will not speed up Afghan exit
July 2019: 15 July 2019: A young Afghan man has tried to set himself on fire at a Melbourne detention centre
19 November 2020 Australian special forces involved in murder of 39 Afghan civilians and 'long time for justice': 19 November 2020: Australian special forces involved in murder of 39 Afghan civilians, war crimes report from 2006 to 2016 alleges, as Brereton report finds prisoners were executed to ‘blood’ junior soldiers and unlawful killings were deliberately covered up - 19 November 2020: Afghans wait for Australia to right the wrongs of its war in 'long time for justice'
24 June 2021 Afghans who helped Australia at risk after receiving Taliban ‘night letters’ former Dfat adviser says: 24 June 2021: A former Australian foreign affairs staffer who was the target of a suicide bombing in Afghanistan after receiving Taliban 'night letters' is pleading for the evacuation of his former Afghan colleagues, amid reports at least nine locally employed workers have been killed in recent days
Afghanistan/Canada relations: Afghanistan/Canada relations
2017: 14 October 2017: Canadian Joshua Boyle who was held hostage with his family for five years says that the Taliban-linked militants who abducted him and his wife in Afghanistan raped her and killed an infant daughter born in captivity
Afghanistan/European Union relations: Eupol Afghanistan is a European Union mission since 2007 to support and train police in Afghanistan, and improve the rule of law
Afghanistan/France relations: Afghanistan/France relations - French forces in Afghanistan
November 2012: France ends Afghan combat rol: 20 November 2012: France ends Afghan combat role
April 2013 outgoing French ambassador to Afghanistan Bajolet blamed country’s rampant corruption and drug trade on the country's failure: 29 April 2013: The outgoing French ambassador to Afghanistan Bernard Bajolet blamed the country’s rampant corruption and the drug trade on the country's failure to establish itself as an independent country
1 September 2021 Afghan sports journalist Nargis Anwari exiled like hundreds of other Aghans in France: 1 September 2021: Afghan sports journalist Nargis Anwari exiled like hundreds of other Aghans in France, after Taliban took control of the country
Afghanistan/India relations: Afghanistan/India relations
October 2011 'Strategic partnership' between Afghanistan and India: 4 October 2011: 'Strategic partnership' between Afghanistan and India signed by Karzai and Singh in Delhi - 12 November: Afghan President Karzai is in New Delhi, holding delegation-level talks with PM Manmohan Singh - 12 November: India and Afghanistan to intensify cooperation, especially in the sectors of agriculture, small business and mining
July-September 2013 Indian citizens and workers killed in Taliban terrorist attacks: 3 July 2013: Three Indian workers were killed in Tuesday's Taliban attack on a guest house in Kabul - 3 August: A suicide blast outside the Indian consulate in Jalalabad has reportedly left at least eight people dead and another 12 injured - 5 September 2013: Suspected Taliban militants shot dead the Indian author Sushmita Banerjee, writer of a popular book about her dramatic escape from the Taliban in the 90s, in eastern Afghan province of Paktika - 11 December 2013: Hamid Karzai heads to India waving wish list of military hardware
1 September 2021 Indian human rights campaigners lost contact with associates in Afghanistan: 1 September 2021: Human rights campaigner in India has told France24 how she and her team have lost contact with some of their associates and fellow activists in Afghanistan since the Taliban swept to power, after Vandita Morarka - the founder and chief executive of One Future Collective - has long worked with colleagues in Afghanistan
Afghanistan/Iran relations: Afghanistan/Iran relations
Afghan and Taliban opium smuggling into Iran: Afghan and Taliban opium smuggling into Iran
2015 Iran recruiting Afghan refugees to fight and support Assad's regime: 5 November 2015: Iran is recruiting Afghan refugees to fight in the foreign military contingent supporting Assad's regime in Syria, promising a monthly salary and residence permits
13 February 2021 fuel tanker truck explodes on Iran-Afghan border: 13 February 2021: A fuel tanker truck exploded Saturday at the Islam Qala crossing in Afghanistan’s western Herat province on the Iranian border, injuring at least seven people and causing a massive fire that consumed more than 500 trucks carrying natural gas and fuel, according to Afghan officials and Iranian state media
14 February 2021 firefighters struggled for a second day to battle massive fire spotted from space: 14 February 2021: Firefighters struggled for a second day Sunday to battle a massive fire that began when a fuel tanker exploded at a major crossing in Afghanistan’s western Herat province on the Iranian border, spotted from space by NASA satellites
Afghanistan/Israel relations: Afghanistan/Israel relations
November 2005 Afghan president hinted at desire to establish formal relations with Israel: 2 November 2005: Afghan president Karzai hinted at a desire to establish formal relations with Israel, calling Shimon Peres a 'dear man, a real warrior for peace', as warming of ties between Afghanistan and Israel sets Kabul's policies in sharp contrast to those of neighboring Iran, calling at 'A World Without Zionism' conference in Tehran for the destruction of the state of Israel
23 September 2021 dozens of Afghan women have escaped Taliban rule with the assistance of Israeli NGO: 23 September 2021: Dozens of Afghan women have escaped Taliban rule with the assistance of an Israeli humanitarian organization working with two Israeli businessmen, according to a Yediot Ahronoth report saying Sylvan Adams and Aaron Frenkel provided the funding for Israel's successful effort to help the women – the Afghan women's national cycling team – leave Afghanistan, where the Taliban has increasingly moved to restrict the rights women gained in the two decades after 9/11 and the group's ouster from power
Afghanistan/Nato relations: Afghanistan/Nato relations
17 August 2021 NATO chief blames Afghan leadership for Kabul collapse: 17 August 2021: NATO's Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg blames Afghan leadership for Kabul collapse, saying 'failure of the Afghan leadership led to the tragedy we are witnessing today'
Afghanistan/Nepal relations: Afghanistan/Nepal relations
Retreat of glaciers in the Himalayas and Central Asia: Retreat of glaciers in the Himalayas and Central Asia
September/October 2019 Himalayan University Consortium's workshop: 23 September - 2 October 2019 Himalayan University Consortium's workshop 'Harnessing economic opportunities for transformative change in the Hindu Kush Himalaya'
Afghanistan/The Netherlands relations: Afghanistan/The Netherlands relations
20th/21st century Abdul Rahim Hatif's exile in the Netherlands: 20th/21st century Abdul Rahim Hatif served as one of the vice presidents of Mohammed Najibullah during the last years of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan since the 1988 elections, the serving as the first vice president 1991/1992 before the first fall of Kabul, the the acting President of Afghanistan for two weeks in 1992, after the resignation and before the later capture, torture and brutal assassination by the Taliban of President Najibullah, as Hatif went into exile and moved to the Netherlands, where he died on 19 August 2013
24 July 2021 Dutch politician Kati Piri demands protection of formder allies against the advancing Taliban: 24 July 2021: As Afghanistan imposes night curfew to curb Taliban criminals new advance, fighting against democracy and human rights since the 1980s in the country and also abroad, as Dutch politician Kati Piri serving as a member of the House of Representatives since 2021 calls to defend former Afghan supperters of the Dutch in the country, now fearing revenge, after western countries intervention since 2001 following the 9/11 attacks
Afghanistan/New Zealand relations: Afghanistan/New Zealand relations
Afghanistan/Pakistan relations: Afghanistan/Pakistan relations
since 1980: Afghan-Pakistani Haqqani network 1980–present, USA and ISI's fosterling - 9 July 2013: Former ISI chief Ahmed Shuja Pasha has admitted that the deadly Haqqani network was created by it and USA's CIA and claimed that the insurgent group's chief Haqqani had 'in fact been invited to the White House by President Reagan'
2012-2014: 24 December 2012: Pakistan shares the Kabul government's goal of transforming the Taliban insurgency into a political movement, an Afghan official says - 21 June 2013: Afghanistan and Pakistan trade accusations at UN over the whereabouts of Islamist extremists on their border - 26 August: President Karzai seeks Pakistan's help to arrange peace talks with Taliban
2016: 4 October 2016: Afghan exodus from Pakistan could be 'catastrophic' without urgent aid, UN warns
14 July 2021 Taliban claim Afghan border crossing with Pakistan in major gain: 14 July 2021: Taliban claim Afghan border crossing with Pakistan in major gain, saying they have made what could be their most significant advance in a nationwide offensive
2 September 2021 Afghan families flee the Taliban into Pakistan: 2 September 2021: Afghan families flee the Taliban into Pakistan, saying 'we have come here because of misery and poverty'
20 September 2021 Pakistan says it is unable to take any more refugees, deporting new arrivals back to Afghanistan: 20 September 2021: Fleeing Afghan Hazaras face uncertain future in Pakistan, as Pakistan says it is unable to take any more refugees and has begun deporting new arrivals back to Afghanistan
Afghanistan/Qatar relations: Afghanistan/Qatar relations
June 2013 Taliban office in Qatar and anger: 20 June 2013: Afghan government anger at opening of Taliban office in Qatar leads USA to suspend plans to attend talks - 21 June 2013: USA welcomes Qatar's decision to take down a sign that cast the Taliban's new office in Doha as a rival Afghan embassy saying the militant group can't represent itself 'as an emirate, government or sovereign'
August 2020 Afghanistan attacks: August 2020 Afghanistan attacks, multiple Islamic state's and Taliban attacks that left at least 165 people dead, and another 177 Afghan citizens were injured
12 September 2020 Afghan government - Taliban negotiations in Doha: 12 September 2020 Afghan government - Taliban negotiations in Doha, as Afghan government team also comprises of women's rights activists
Afghanistan/Russia relations: Afghanistan/Russia relations
1979-1992 history of Afghanistan and foreign powers:: 1979-1992 history of Afghanistan - Soviet–Afghan War 1979-1989, Mujahideen insurgent groups, who received aid from several Western and Muslim countries, fought against the Soviet Army and allied Afghan forces, 850,000–1.5 million civilians were killed in the conflict - 1989-1992 phase of the Afghan Civil War began after the Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan, leaving the Afghan communist government to fend for itself against the Mujahideen - War in Afghanistan 1978–present
2015 Putin regime's exchange information with the Taliban: 23 December 2015: Russia wants to supply weapons to Afghanistan and has established communication channels to exchange information with the Taliban, Putin's special envoy on Afghanistan Zamir Kabulov tells Interfax
Afghanistan/Sweden relations: Afghanistan/Sweden relations
Since 1980 'Swedish Committee for Afghanistan': 'Swedish Committee for Afghanistan' aid organisation active in Afghanistan since 1980
2014: On 11 March 2014 Swedish journalist Nils Horner shot dead in a street in Kabul in execution-style - 11 March 2014: Swedish journalist Nils Horner was shot and killed in Kabul in an attack that many worry reflects the growing danger for foreigners in Afghanistan’s capital
2017: 21 May 2017: Unknown gunmen entered a compound housing employees working for Operation Mercy, a Swedish charity in Kabul, killing a German woman and an Afghan guard, and abducting a Finnish woman
Afghanistan/Turkey relations: Afghanistan/Turkey relations
Afghans in Turkey: Afghans in Turkey, about 10,000 people in 2011 and Turkish born Afghans with 38,692 people in 2015
12 July 2021 Afghan family from Herat city who fled Taliban death threats trapped in Istanbul airport since 2 weeks: 12 July 2021: 16 members of an Afghan family from Herat city who fled Taliban death threats have been trapped in Istanbul airport for the past two weeks, and thousands more refugees are making their way overland seeking safety in Turkey, as the security situation in Afghanistan rapidly deteriorates after the withdrawal of USA and Nato forces
16 July 2021 Afghans flee to eastern Turkey as Taliban takes control amid chaos: 16 July 2021: Afghans flee to eastern Turkey as Taliban takes control amid chaos, and as some pay smugglers to take them to Istanbul as withdrawal of USA troops rekindles fears of civil war
6 September 2021 Turkey reinforces border to block Afghan migrant wave: 6 September 2021: Afghans who manage to make the weeks-long journey through Iran on foot to the Turkish border face a three-metre high wall, ditches or barbed wire as Turkish authorities step up efforts to block any refugee influx into the country, France24 reports
Afghanistan/Turkmenistan relations: Afghanistan/Turkmenistan relations - Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline - Afghanistan Oil Pipeline
Afghanistan/United Kingdom relations: Afghanistan/United Kingdom relations: Anglo-Afghanische Kriege - War in Afghanistan since 2001
2012/2013: 18 January 2012: UK troops quizzed over Afghan child abuse - 21 July 2012: More than 800 historic artefacts stolen from museums in Afghanistan returned to Afghanistan - 11 October 2012: Seven UK marines arrested on suspicion of a murder which occurred in Afghanistan in 2011 - 14 October: Five UK marines charged with murder - 24 January 2013: Playing royals in action - the third-in-line to the throne Harry confirmed he shot dead insurgents from the cockpit, saying he took the enemy 'out of the game' - 29 May 2013: Afghans unlawfully held by British forces at Camp Bastion - 29 May: UK to transfer scores of detainees to Afghan facilities - 1 June 2013: Britain must investigate torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, UN says - 4 June 2013: Two British soldiers convicted of abusing Afghans - On 11 March 2014 Swedish journalist Nils Horner shot dead in a street in Kabul in execution-style - 11 March 2014: Swedish journalist Nils Horner, who also had British citizenship, was shot to death on Tuesday while he was talking to a translator on a street in Kabul - 27 April 2014: A commission appointed by Karzai to investigate detention facilities run by USA and British forces claimed to have uncovered secret prisons on two coalition bases
2014: 11 March 2014: Swedish journalist Nils Horner, who also had British citizenship, was shot to death on Tuesday while he was talking to a translator on a street in Kabul - 3/4 December 2014: London Conference on Afghanistan 2014 co-hosted by the UK and Afghanistan - 3 December: In London Afghan president Ghani will have his first meeting with global supporters to discuss the country’s future - 4 December: Afghan president promises to tackle corruption if west holds firm on aid
Afghanistan/USA relations: Afghanistan/USA relations - The Guardian: US gave silent backing to Taliban rise to power
CIA activities: CIA activities in Pakistan
1980–present: Afghan-Pakistani Haqqani network 1980–present, USA's and ISI's fosterling - 9 July 2013: Former ISI chief Ahmed Shuja Pasha has admitted that the deadly Haqqani network was created by it and USA's CIA and claimed that the insurgent group's chief Haqqani had 'in fact been invited to the White House by President Reagan'
2011: 31 May 2011: Karzai bans Nato strikes on Afghan homes - 17 July 2011: Nato begins security handover to local forces in Bamiyan - 16 November: Karzai lays out conditions for US partnership demanding night raids by US and Nato stopped - 5 December: Afghan conference in Bonn as Nato troops eye exit and Pakistan is boycotting the talks - 28 December: President Karzai backs Taliban Qatar office plan
2012: AP 4 January 2012: Taliban to open Qatar office for talks with US - 7 January: Karzai demands US cede Afghan prison control - 30 January: Several Taliban negotiators have begun meeting with American officials in Qatar, where they are discussing preliminary trust-building measures - 16 February: After 11 years of war Afghanistan and USA in 'Taliban talks', Karzai says - 11 mars: Un soldat américain a tué 16 personnes, dont neuf enfants et trois femmes, dimanche matin dans la province de Kandahar - 12 March: The Afghan Parliament demands that the US soldier who killed 16 villagers in their homes should be put on public trial in Afghanistan - 13 March: Hundreds of university students took to the streets in Afghanistan's eastern city of Jalalabad Tuesday to protest the rampage by a US soldier who killed 16 villagers - 15 March: The US soldier accused of killing 16 Afghan villagers has been flown by US military from Afghanistan out to Kuwait - 16 March: US 'did not co-operate' with Kandahar probe - Karzai, in meeting with families of 16 victims, says his investigators were denied access to the accused US soldier - 17 March: US soldier accused of killing 16 Afghan civilians in Kandahar identified as Staff Sergeant Robert Bales - 17 March: British BBC considers the 'personality' of the murder (back in the USA) of Afghan civilians and children and not the situation of the victims and their families - outcry for justice? USA and UK are the murder and responsible, some hundreds of years - 2 mai: Attentat des Taliban à Kaboul et six morts après la visite surprise de Barack Obama à Kaboul aussi prononcant un discours télévisé à l’adresse des Américains depuis la base militaire de Bagram - 7 July: In Kabul USA secretary of state Hillary Clinton designating Afghanistan a major non-NATO ally shortly before major aid conference in Tokyo - 10 September: USA to transfer Bagram prison to Afghans - 25 September: Afghans hail action over USA Marines abuse - 5/6 November: Najeeban in southern Afghanistan is a ghost village, deserted by the surviving inhabitants after a murderous rampage, as Sergeant Robert Bales is due in USA court for a military hearing and prosecutors say they will seek death penalty for Robert Bales, accused of killing 16 civilians - 11 November: USA military court hears Afghan massacre accounts - 12 November: USA Sergeant Bales watches as child after child describes the bloodbath that left their parents and other loved ones dead - 19 November: Afghan president Karzai says USA forces continue to capture and detain Afghans in violation of a deal signed earlier this year
Kandahar massacre 11 March 2012 and trial 2013: Kandahar massacre 11 March 2012 - 5 June 2013: US Sgt. Bales pleads guilty in Afghan massacre - 21 August 2013: Afghan victims confront USA soldier accused of massacre - 24 August: USA army sergeant Bales who murdered 16 Afghan villagers in a horrific rampage was sentenced to life in prison with no possibility of parole
2013 three-city USA tour of Afghan youth orchestra: 9 February 2013: Afghan youth orchestra begins first three-city US tour
2013: 24 February: The Afghan government demands the withdrawal of USA special forces from Wardak and Logar within two weeks accusing them of fuelling 'insecurity and instability' in the volatile provinces - 25 March: US to hand over Bagram jail to Afghans - 29 April 2013: For more than a decade, wads of USA dollars packed into suitcases, backpacks and, on occasion, plastic shopping bags have been dropped off every month or so at the offices of Afghanistan's president - 'courtesy' of the CIA - 19 June: After the Afghan militants opened an office in Qatar to oversee peace negotiations, US officials will meet with Taliban representatives within days - 19 June: The Taliban today claimed responsibility for an overnight attack at Bagram air base that killed four US troops, just hours after USA said its officials would meet the insurgents for talks - 19 June: The Afghan government lashed out at USA efforts to broker peace with the Taliban, suspending security talks with Washington and threatening to boycott contacts with the insurgents - 20 June: USA welcomes Qatar's decision to take down a sign that cast the Taliban's new office in Doha as a rival Afghan embassy saying the militant group can't represent itself 'as an emirate, government or sovereign' - 20 June: Afghan government anger at opening of Taliban office in Qatar leads USA to suspend plans to attend talks - 17 July: Afghan suspect blames USA commandos for civilian murders - 13 September: Deadly truck bomb hits US consulate in Afghanistan - 13 October: Dispute on immunity for USA troops blocks Afghan-USA security pact - 21 November: Afghanistan and USA agree on post 2014 military deal text - 21 novembre: Ouverture de la Loya Jirga, examen de l'accord avec les Etats-Unis - 24 November: Afghan council endorses USA security deal and seeks immediate signing - 26 November: USA says may pull out all troops from Afghanistan as Karzai holds up deal - 13 December: USA can't be aggressive, intimidatory, Afghanistan president Karzai says
2014: 27 April: A commission appointed by Karzai to investigate detention facilities run by USA and British forces claimed to have uncovered secret prisons on two coalition bases - 26 May 2014: Afghanistan expresses anger at USA monitoring 'nearly all' phone calls - 28 May 2014: Announcing a plan to leave 9,800 troops in Afghanistan in 2015, Obama says it's not USA's responsibility to make Afghanistan a perfect place - 28 May: Afghanistan's Karzai welcomes USA plan to withdraw troops by 2016 - 10 December: Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani vows to investigate CIA abuse in his country, saying torture described in the USA Senate report 'violates all accepted norms of human rights in the world' - 21 December: USA sends four Afghan Guantanamo prisoners home
2016: 18 janvier 2016: Les autorités afghanes, le Pakistan, la Chine et les Etats-Unis d'Amérique ont repris leurs discussions pour régler le conflit avec les talibans - 28 March: A USA soldier shot and killed an Afghan boy on Monday near an American airfield close to the capital Kabul - 22 May 2016: Afghan Taliban have confirmed the death of leader Mullah Akhtar Mansoor after the USA military announced he was the target of a drone strike in Pakistan - 29 September 2016: Suspected USA drone strike on a home in eastern Afghanistan, where civilians were sleeping after having gathered to welcome home a tribal elder from hajj pilgrimage, has killed at least 15 civilians and injured another 13, according to the United Nations, calling for an independent inquiry - 3 November 2016: As many as 30 civilians were killed in a USA airstrike on Thursday morning called in to protect USA and Afghan troops involved in heavy fighting with the Taliban near Kunduz
August 2018: 13 August 2018: Optimism spread into the Afghan peace process after Taliban officials said groundbreaking preliminary talks with the USA last month were 'very helpful' and that another round will take place in Doha in September - 13 août 2018: Au moins 100 membres des forces de sécurité afghanes ont été tués dans les combats les opposant depuis jeudi soir aux talibans pour le contrôle de la ville de Ghazni
September 2019 cancelled talks on Afghanistan: 8 September 2019: USA's Trump has cancelled talks on Afghanistan that would have brought him face to face with Taliban, asking 'what kind of people would kill so many in order to seemingly strengthen their bargaining position', after the Taliban claimed responsibility for a blast in Kabul that killed 12 people including a USA soldier on Thursday, amid escalation of Taliban terror attacks
29 February 2020 USA and terrorist group Taliban sign deal aimed at ending war in Afghanistan: 29 February 2020: USA and terrorist group Taliban sign deal aimed at ending war in Afghanistan, demanding further talks involving Afghan factions, as prospects for Afghanistan’s future remain uncertain icluding questions concerning terror victims and gains made in women’s rights since the toppling of the Taliban, which had repressed women and girls under a strict brand of Sharia law - 29 February 2020 USA and Taliban agreement
War in Afghanistan since 2001: War in Afghanistan since 2001
Civil war in Afghanistan 1992–1996 leads to the Taliban controlling most of Afghanistan - Taliban and Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan 1996-2001 - Civil war in Afghanistan 1996–2001 Taliban period
Terrorism in Afghanistan
International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)
"Afghan War Diary" - War crimes in Afghanistan - Civilian casualties of the war in Afghanistan (2001-present)
May 2011: 1 May 2011: 12-year-old boy suicide attack - 18. Mai: Provinz Tahar - Tote bei Protesten nach Nato-Angriff - 29. Mai 2011: 12 Kinder bei Nato-Luftangriff getötet
June 2011: 18. Juni 2011: Karzai bestätigt Gespräche USA-Taliban - 23. Juni 2011: Obama kündigt Abzug von 10.000 Soldaten bis Ende 2011 an - 23 June 2011: Obama announces withdrawal of 10.000 troops this year and another 23.000 by the end of September 2012 - 23. Juni 2011: Nach den USA kündigen weitere Länder Truppenabzug an - 29 juin 2011: Deux journalistes francais retenus en otage par les Talibans libérés après 547 jours
July 2011: 7 July: Afghan protests at civilians deaths in Nato air strike - UN: Deadliest six months for Afghan civilians (14 July 2011) - Nato begins security handover to local forces in Bamiyan 17 July 2011 - 23. Juli 2011: Kommandoübergabe auch in Masar-i-Scharif Juli 2011 - 28 July: BBC reporter Ahmed Omed Khpalwak among 17 victims killed in Afghan Taliban blasts
September 2011: 7 September 2011: Nato suspends Afghan prison transfers - torture allegations - 8 September 2011: Nato-led forces killed BBC-reporter Ahmed Omed Khpulwak - shot dead by an USA-soldier (compare July 28) - 11 September 2011: Five Afghan civilians (including a 3-year-old girl) killed, several Afghans and dozens of US-soldiers wounded in a Taliban suicide bombing targeting USA-base in Wardak province - 21 September: Afghans gather to mourn Burhanuddi Rabbani killed by a suicide bomber - 23 September: Karzai vows to continue Afghan peace effort
October 2011: 29. Oktober 2011: Schwerer Taliban-Angriff auf Nato-Truppen in Kabul
November 2011: 2 November: Turkey summit to map out Afghan future - 24. November 2011: Sechs Kinder bei Nato-Luftangriff in der Provinz Kandahar getötet
December 2011: 8 December 2011: Kabul in grief after Ashoura shrine blast as Karzai vows to take up the issue with Pakistan
January 2012: 12 January 2012: US military to probe 'marine abuse video' - 13 January: US Marines identify desecrators of corpes in Afghanistan as the international community condemns the new US crime - 13 February: US Marine unit in Afghanistan abuse video identified - 18. Januar: Ermittlungen gegen britische Afghanistan-Soldaten wegen Mißbrauchs von Kindern - 19 January: Ongoing atrocities against civilians despite promised talks - 20 January: France suspends Afghan troop training after a deadly attack of an Afghan army soldier - 21. Januar: Frankreich erwägt rascheren Abzug aus Afghanistan
February 2012: 4 February 2012: Afghan civilian deaths rise for fifth year, UN says - 10 February: Hamid Karzai accuses NATO on Thursday of killing eight children in a coalition airstrike in eastern Afghanistan - 23 February: Violence over the burning of copies of the Quran by NATO troops at a military base in Afghanistan - 26 February: Withdrawal of all foreign advisers in Afghanistan announced after killing of two US military officers in Kabul's interior ministry
March 2012: 11 March: US soldier kills Afghan civilians in Kandahar - 15. März 2012: Karzai will Nato früher aus Afghanistan haben - ISAF-Truppen sollen sich ab sofort aus Dörfern zurückziehen – Taliban sagen Gespräche mit den USA ab - 16. März 2012: Schon wieder getötete afghanische Kinder, diesmal durch Nato-Helikopterabsturz auf ein Wohnhaus in Kabul
April 2012: 16 April: Sunday Taliban assault on Afghan capital 'over' - officials say all Taliban fighters involved in Kabul attack are dead - 17. April 2012: Laut Behördenberichten haben islamische Extremisten und Gegner von Mädchenschule 150 Mädchen an einer weiterführenden Schule mit kontaminiertem Wasser vergiftet und einige schwer verletzt - 19 April: Probe ordered into behaviour depicted by images showing US troops posing with mangled bodies of suspected suicide bombers
May 2012: 13. Mai 2012: Rückschlag für Dialog mit den Taliban - afghanischer Vermittler Maulwi Arsala Rahman ermordet - 19 May: 13 dead in Afghan suicide bombing at a lunch gathering of Afghan police and local civilians in southeast Afghanistan - 21 May: 'Hard days ahead' in Afghanistan, Obama says at a Nato summit in Chicago dominated by the issue of withdrawal from Afghanistan - 27 May: An airstrike by the US-led NATO coalition killa eight members of a family in eastern Afghanistan, Afghan authorities say
June 2012: 6 June: 17 civilians have been killed in a NATO airstrike in eastern Afghanistan, the head of Logar provincial council says - 9 June: Visiting Logar province US general apologises for Afghan deaths - 9 June: Start of French troop pullout in July confirmed hours after four French soldiers were killed - 22 juin: Les talibans attaquent un hôtel proche de Kaboul - 26 June: Four villages in country's east create National Uprising Movement to protect residents from violence
July 2012: 8 July: Donors at an international conference in Tokyo have pledged to give $16bn in civilian aid over four years, in an attempt to safeguard Afghanistan's future - 9 July: Roadside bombs and attacks killed and injured Afghan civilians, policemen and Nato members - 13 July: Female Afghan politician Hanifa Safi killed in a bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan - 14 July: Suicide bomber kills 22 in northern Afghanistan - MP Ahmad Khan Samangani killed in the attack - 14 July: The deadly suicide bombing in Samangan Province targeted a wedding party for MP Ahmad Khan's daughter - 15 July: Afghan minister Obaidullah Obaid survives a bomb attack on his motorcade in northern Afghanistan
August 2012: 20 August: New Zealand signals exit from Afghanistan earlier in 2013 than planned - 27 August: Taliban attack an Afghan army post in the troubled southern province of Helmand - 28 August: A group of 17 civilians - 15 men and two women - have been killed by the Taliban in southern Afghanistan
September 2012: 1 September: A suicide bombing at a large NATO military base in central Afghanistan kills at least six Afghan civilians - 4 September: Suicide bomber killed at least 25 civilians and wounded dozens at a funeral for a village elder in the village of Shagai in the Durbaba district - 8 September: Taliban claims responsibility for a 'teenage' suicide bomber attack that kills six people, the dead and wounded all street sellers aged between 12 and 17 - 10 September: At least 16 people killed in blast targeting policemen at crowded intersection in urban capital of Kunduz province - 15 September: The Taliban say they carried out an attack on Nato's Camp Bastion in revenge for the film made in the US seen as insulting to Islam - 16 September: Four foreign soldiers and one Afghan policeman killed in latest 'insider' attack in Zabul province - 16 September: Nato air strike kills at least eight women and children in Laghman and injured seven - nobody protects the Afghan people and civilians against deadly attacks and war crimes, repeated again and again - 18 September: Hezb-e-Islami group claims responsibility for a female suicide attack on a minibus in Kabul killing 12 people, including several foreigners working for an international courier company
October 2012: 1 October: Suicide bomber wearing police uniform kills 13 in Khost, including at least three police and three Nato soldiers - 13 October: At least eight people were killed in attacks in southern Afghanistan - 15 October: Afghan officials say that a NATO air strike killed three children while it was targeting Taliban planting mines on a road in Helmand province's Nawa district - 26 October: In a second suspected insider attack in two days two US troops die in the southern Uruzgan province - 26 October: Attack by man in police uniform leaves over 40 killed and injured outside mosque in northern province of Faryab - 30 October: Apparent insider attack kills two NATO troops in Nahri Sarraj district - 31 October: A roadside bomb blew up a civilian truck in Musa Qala that killed 10, including seven young women and three children
November 2012: 4 November: A roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan has killed a district police chief, as fighters increasingly target Afghan security forces amid the draw-down of foreign troops - 11 November: A mother and her newborn baby were among six family members killed in a roadside bombing in eastern Afghanistan - 11/12 November: Nato soldier killed in the latest 'insider' attack in a joint camp in Nad Ali district of Helmand province while 11 Afghan civilians lose their lives in land mine blasts - 21 novembre: Un attentat suicide dans l'enclave diplomatique de Kaboul mercredi matin a fait deux morts - 23 November: A Taliban suicide bomber kills two people and wounds 40 others, including women and children, in an attack in Wardak province - 29 November: A roadside bomb exploded under a passenger van in the Deh Rawood district of Uruzgan province, killing 10 people, most of them women and children
December 2012: 2 December: Taliban suicide attack on Afghan NATO base kills 12 in Jalalabad - 10 December: Suspected Taliban gunmen shoot dead women's affairs official in Laghman, while Nimroz province police chief dies in roadside bombing - 17 December: Collecting firewood several young girls have been killed in a landmine explosion in Nangarhar province - 20 December: A roadside bomb kills two policemen and five civilians in Zaranj, Nimroz province - 24 December: A female Afghan police officer shot and wounded a Nato advisor in Kabul police headquarters - 26 December: A Taliban suicide bomber killed three people in an attack on a US base in the eastern town of Khost, the base that is believed to be used by the CIA - 27 December: Four Afghan policemen were killed and two wounded in a Taliban attack in the southern province of Uruzgan
January 2013: 6 January 2013: At least four people were killed and 15 others wounded in a twin suicide attack inside a meeting of community leaders in Spin Boldak - 8 January: Afghan soldier kills British soldier, wounds six - 16 January: Taliban target Afghan intelligence HQ in deadly attack - 21 January: Fierce gunfight after co-ordinated Taliban-claimed attacks on traffic police headquarters in western Kabul - 27 January: At least 10 people have been killed after a roadside bomb detonated in Kandahar
February 2013: 9 February: A landmine explosion ripped through a civilian vehicle in Nad Ali district of Helmand province and killed six members of a family - 13 February: A NATO air strike killed 10 Afghan civilians, including five children, in the Shigal district of Kunar province - 19 February: Karzai signs ban to limit Nato air strike assistance - 24 February: On Sunday morning three suicide bombings in outlying provinces and a shootout in Kabul - 24 February: The Afghan government demands the withdrawal of US special forces from Wardak and Logar within two weeks accusing them of fuelling 'insecurity and instability' in the volatile provinces - 27 February: At least nine injured, mostly army personnel, after bomber detonates near bus carrying Afghan soldiers
March 2013: 3 March: Nato troops kill two Afghan boys due to alleged mistaken identity - 9 March: As new US defence secretary visits Kabul nine people killed in apparent suicide attack at Kabul defence ministry and at least nine people - eight of them civilians and one a policeman - killed in a suicide bombing in Khost city - 12 March 2013: Two US soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in a suspected insider attack in Afghanistan, after President Karzai accused US of colluding with the Taliban to justify its presence in the country - 26 March: Taliban claims responsibility after eight suicide bombers kill five security officers in attack on a base in Jalalabad - 30 March: A Nato helicopter strike kills two children close to Ghazni city in southern Afghanistan - 31 March: Kabul government seeks to explore the possibility of talks with Taliban
April 2013: 4 April: Taliban killed over 50 people and injured 100 others in a seven-hour-long attack on a court complex in Farah city - 4 April: An airstrike by US-led forces killed four policemen and two civilians in the Deh Yak district of Ghazni province - 5 April: A bomb strapped to the back of a donkey killed one policeman and wounded three civilians in the Alingar district in Laghman province - 6 April: Six Nato personnel were killed on Saturday in two separate attacks in Qalat city and in the southern province of Zabul - 8 April: Nato airstrike kills 11 children in Afghanistan's Kunar province, officials say - 12 avril: Au moins treize soldats afghans ont été tués lors d'une attaque des talibans contre un avant-poste de l'armée dansle district de Nari, de la province de Kunar
May 2013: 2 May 2013: Three British soldiers killed in a blast in Helmand province - 5 May: Seven US soldiers were killed in two separate attacks in Afghanistan in Maiwand district and in the western province of Farah on Saturday - 16 May: Suicide attack on Nato convoy in Kabul kills six civilians - 24 May: Taliban attack UN compound in Afghan capital, two gunmen killed - 25 May: Mosque blast kills 12 people in Ghazni province's district of Andar - 29 May: 7 foreign aid workers rescued after militants detonated a suicide bomb and waged a gun battle at the International Committee of the Red Cross in Jalalabad, killing an Afghan security guard
June 2013: 4 June: Afghanistan road bomb kills three children and their father, injuring the mother critically - 10 June: All seven militants who launched an attack Monday on Kabul airport died in the assault - 11 June: Suicide blast in Kabul kills at least 17 people at Supreme Court - 18 June: Afghan forces take lead on security from Nato - 25 juin: Échec d'une attaque des Taliban sur le palais présidentiel à Kaboul - 25 juin: Huit femmes et un enfant d'une même famille ont été tués par une bombe dans la province de Kandahar, alors qu'ils se rendaient à une cérémonie de fiançailles - 26 June: Karzai and Obama commit to Taliban talks despite attack
July 2013: 2 July: Seven people killed in Kabul attack on Nato supply firm in Kabul - 8 July: Afghan forces killed 18 Taliban and lost five of their own troops in operations in the country's east - 9 July: 17 Afghan civilians, 12 women, four children and one man, killed by a roadside bomb in Herat's Obe district - 18 July: Taliban kill eight Afghan workers on their way to US military base south of Kabul - 31 July: Civilian casualties in the Afghan war rose 23% the first half of this year due to Taliban attacks and increased fighting between insurgents and government forces, the UN says
August 2013: 2 août: Vingt-deux policiers afghans et 76 talibans ont été tués au cours de combats dans la province de Nangarhar - 3 August: Reports say a suicide bomber launched an attack near Indian consulate in Jalalabad leaving at least eight children dead and several injured - 28 August: Taliban executed 12 Afghan civilians in two separate incidents, including five aid workers - 31 August: A suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a police checkpoint and a bank in southern Afghanistan, one of two attacks that killed 18 people
September 2013: 2 September: A group of Taliban suicide bombers attacked a US base near the border with Pakistan on Monday morning, leading to multiple explosions, a gunfight and the closure of a key road - 13 September: Deadly truck bomb hits US consulate in Afghanistan
October 2013: 15 octobre: Le gouverneur de la province afghane du Logar a été tué mardi par l'explosion d'une bombe cachée dans un microphone - 27 October: A roadside bomb killed 18 civilians and wounded five as they rode a small bus home after attending a wedding in the Ghazni province
November 2013: 16 November: Deadly suicide blast in Kabul ahead of security talks
January-June 2014: 18 January: Up to 21 people were killed, mostly foreigners and including IMF and UN staff, in a Taliban attack on a popular restaurant in Kabul - 26 January: A Taliban suicide bomber has attacked a military bus in Kabul, killing at least four people - 21 February: Three male suicide attackers wearing burqas attacked a police headquarters close to Kabul, killing one policeman - 23 February: The Taliban attacked an Afghan army base in Kunar province, killing 19 soldiers and kidnapping seven - 6 March: A NATO airstrike in eastern Afghanistan accidentally killed five Afghan soldiers - 14 March: A roadside bomb in Helmand province kills six civilians, including two women and two children - 18 March: Suicide bomber kills at least 13 civilians in Maimana, the capital of Faryab province - 20 March: Taliban assault on police station in Jalalabad kills 10 police officers and a civilian - 21 March: Nine people - three women, two children and four foreigners - were killed in a highly secure Kabul hotel by four teenaged Taliban fighters, who were killed too - 30 April: Afghan troops backed by Western air power killed at least 60 militants near the Pakistan border, in one of the single biggest assaults against the Taliban-linked Haqqani network - 10 June: USA soldiers came under heavy fire from Taliban militants and called in air strike but helicopters shot wrong targets leaving five troops and one Afghan soldier dead
July 2014: 9 July 2014: Number of civilians killed or injured in Afghanistan's war in first six months of 2014 rises by quarter, with more than 1,000 of those children, UN report says - 16 July: Afghanistan car bomb leaves at least 89 civilians in crowded Urgun bazaar dead
September/October 2014: 27 September 2014: After Taliban fighters had killed more than 100 people in the area, Afghan villagers hanged four captured Taliban militants from a tree as security forces battled the insurgents for a sixth day in a district of Ghazni province - 28 September 2014: Bomb explodes in Kabul diplomatic quarter, a day ahead of presidential inauguration - 21 October: At least four Afghan soldiers killed and six others and six civilians wounded by a Taliban roadside bomb in Kabul
November/December 2014: 27 November: Suicide attack at British embassy vehicle in Kabul, killing at least five Afghan civilians and wounding more than 30 others - 11 December: A Taliban suicide bomber targeting a bus in Kabul killed six Afghan soldiers and wounded 11, five Afghan schoolchildren were also reported killed in an air strike by foreign forces in northern Parwan province - 17 December: A day after Pakistan Taliban attacked a school in Peshawar killing at least 141 people, Taliban storm New Kabul bank in Lashkar Gah in Helmand, killing at least 10 people - 20 December: Afghan civilian casualties hit record high in 2014, UN says - 27 December: NATO-led foreign force mistakenly killed three civilians in an air strike - 28 December 2014: After 13 years of war, Nato formally ends its combat operations, leaving the Afghan army and police in charge of security in a country plagued by continued fighting
January-June 2015: 1 January: After Afghan army mortars reportedly killed at least 20 civilians attending a wedding party in southern Helmand, Afghan police is investigating - 16 February: Popular female politician Angiza Shinwari in east Afghanistan died in hospital following a bomb attack on her vehicle, her driver was also killed in the explosion and four other people injured - 18 February 2015: Afghan civilian deaths hit record high, as insurgents, government forces and international troops all contribute to highest total in five years since records began - 18 April: Suicide blast kills 33 outside a bank in Afghanistan city of Jalalabad - 4 May: A Taliban suicide attack in Kabul targeting government employees kills at least one person - 21 June: A roadside bomb killed at least 19 Afghan civilians including nine children in southern Helmand province, trying to go home, while Taliban fighters in the north captured a key district on the frontline of the battle for Kunduz city - June 2015 Kabul Parliament attack - 22 June: The Taliban attacked the Afghan parliament, setting off at least one large bomb and igniting a gun battle with security forces, all attackers reportedly killed - 23 June: Afghan government forces regain control of a key district near the northern city of Kunduz
July-September 2015: 20 July 2015: At least seven Afghan soldiers feared to have died after a USA helicopter attack on an Afghan army outpost in Logar province - 27 July: Gunfight kills at least 20 people and wounds ten others at wedding in Deh Salah district in Baghlan in northern Afghanistan - 5 August: UN reveals 1,591 civilians killed and 3,329 wounded as war enters its 14th year, as fighting in residential areas and greater role of militias contribute to increase with women and children showing the sharpest rise in casualties - 7 August: A truck bomb reportedly exploded near an army compound in the center of Kabul killing at least eight people and wounding close to 200 - 7/8 August: Taliban suicide attack kills at least 20 police cadets in Kabul, as wave of attacks kills at least 35 people and wounds hundreds in the deadliest 24 hours in the Afghan capital in years - 10 August: A car bomb exploded near the entrance to Kabul airport on Monday, killing at least four civilians and wounding 17, including a woman and a child - 23 August: Three USA contractors were among 12 people killed by a Kabul bomb that targeted their NATO convoy - 14/15 September: Gunmen in northern Afghanistan torch UN food trucks in latest attack on aid workers, as Taliban storm Ghazni jail and free 350 inmates
September-December 2015: 2015 Battle of Kunduz - 29 September 2015: Taliban retakes Kunduz in northern Afghanistan, freeing hundreds of militants - 29 September: USA strike targets Taliban as Afghan troops mount Kunduz counterattack
3 October 2015 bombing of Médecins Sans Frontières hospital in Kunduz - 3 October 2015: A USA air strike on a hospital in Kunduz on Saturday left several 'Doctors Without Borders' staff dead and dozens of others seriously wounded in a grave violation of International Humanitarian Law, the charity says, adding that the location of MSF hospital 'known' to USA forces and partners
11 October: A Taliban suicide car bomber targeted a convoy of foreign troops in the Afghan capital during rush hour-traffic - 28 November 2015: A suicide bomber targeted a senior member of Afghanistan's election commission in Kabul on Saturday, killing his driver and wounding several passersby - 11 December: A Taliban car bomb explosion hit a diplomatic area of central Kabul, killing a Spanish police officer and wounding seven civilians - 21 décembre 2015: Le Helmand menacé par une offensive des talibans - 21 décembre: Six soldats de l'Otan en mission près de Kaboul ont été tués dans un attentat suicide des talibans - 24 décembre: L'armée essaie de briser le siège de Sangin
February 2016: 1 February 2016 Kabul bombing - 6 February 2016: Four-country talks in the Pakistani capital of Islamabad resume to revive Afghan peace plan - 14 février 2016: En Afghanistan 11'002 civils sont tué ou blessé en 2015, a rapporté dimanche l'ONU dans son bilan annuel
April 2016: 12 April 2016: Taliban announce start of 'spring offensive', pledging to launch large-scale attacks, suicide bombs and guerrilla warfare - 17 April 2016: An increasing number of Afghan civilians are killed and injured at the hands of government forces fighting extremist groups, according to UN's report, showing a 70% rise in civilian casualties caused by pro-government forces, with 127 killed and 242 wounded in the first three months of 2016, as a total of 600 civilians (including many children) were killed and 1,343 injured during that period
19 April 2016: 19 April 2016 Kabul attack - 19 April: Several people have been killed and scores injured after a Taliban car bomb exploded in a crowded area of Kabul near ministries, and a gun battle ensued between attackers and security forces
May-June 2016: 25 mai: Dix personnes ont été tuées et quatre blessées dans une attaque visant un minibus transportant des employés d'un tribunal dans la banlieue ouest de Kaboul - 20 June 2016: Suicide bombing claimed by Taliban in Kabul kills 14 Nepalese security guards, while another attack in country’s north kills at least eight people
June 2016: 30 June 2016 Afghanistan bombings - 30 juin: Au moins 27 morts dans une attaque contre un convoi dans un quartier populaire de l'ouest de Kaboul
July/August 2016: 23 July 2016 Kabul bombing - 24 July 2016: At least 80 people have been killed and 231 others injured in twin suicide bombings at a demonstration in Kabul of thousands of Hazara over the route of a planned multi-million-dollar power line - 24 July 2016: Relatives of some of those killed in a big suicide attack in Kabul searched through a bloodied assortment of belongings left after the twin blasts as they prepared for funerals on Sunday in a mood of growing anger with political leaders - 1 August 2016: Taliban claim responsibility for blast in Pul-e-Charkhi neighbourhood of Afghan capital that occurred at same time as widespread power cuts, also killing a police officer in the attack - 4 August: A group of western tourists, including eight Britons, three USA citizens and one German. on a sightseeing adventure tour of Afghanistan have been ambushed by Taliban gunmen
September-November 2016: 29 September 2016: Suspected USA drone strike on a home in eastern Afghanistan, where civilians were sleeping after having gathered to welcome home a tribal elder from hajj pilgrimage, has killed at least 15 civilians and injured another 13, according to the United Nations, calling for an independent inquiry - 3 October: Taliban launch coordinated assault on Afghan city of Kunduz - 10/11 November 2016: Attack on German consulate in the northern Mazar-i-Sharif with a car packed with explosives, reportedly killing at least four people and wounding scores, claimed by the Taliban in retaliation for Nato airstrike last week near the northern city of Kunduz, in which more than 30 people, many of them children, were killed - 12 November: At least 4 people killed as explosion hits USA Bagram Airfield base in Afghanistan, claimed by the Taliban - 21 November 2016: Dozens killed and more than 80 injured in attack on mosque in Afghan capital in latest attack targeting Shia community
2017: 6 February 2017: Civilian casualty toll in 2016 was highest in 15 years, with 923 children killed and 2,589 injured, mainly from ground engagements, according to the UN, which has documented 11,418 casualties, including 3,498 deaths - 7 February: Dozens killed in suicide blast at Afghanistan's supreme court, which happened as judicial staff were leaving work for the day in country’s capital - 8 February 2017: Six Afghan Red Cross aid workers killed in an ambush in the country’s north while travelling through Dasht-e Leili to a remote area to deliver humanitarian aid - 12 February 2017: USA airstrikes in Afghanistan’s Helmand province may have been responsible for the deaths of at least 18 civilians, mostly women and children, according to the UN and local sources - 1 March 2017: Multiple attacks in Afghanistan's capital Kabul, claimed by Taliban
March 2017 Kabul attack: 8 March 2017 Kabul attack - 8 March 2017: 'Islamic State' terrorist claims responsibility for Kabul hospital attack by fake doctors, that left at least 49 people dead and an unknown number injured
April/May 2017 and Mazar-i-Sharif attack: 14 April 2017: Up to 36 suspected Islamic State militants were killed in the Achin district of Afghanistan's eastern province of Nangarhar, when the USA dropped the largest non-nuclear bomb GBU-43/B ever used in combat, targeting a 'tunnel complex’ - 21/22 April 2017: More than 100 Afghan soldiers were killed and wounded after Taliban suicide attackers disguised as army personnel targeted a national army base in Mazar-i-Sharif - 4 May 2017: Fear and doubt as notorious 'butcher of Kabul' Gulbuddin Hekmatyar returns with talk of peace
3 May 2017 Kabul attack: 3 May 2017: Suicide attack on Nato convoy in Kabul kills at least eight Afghan civilians, wounding three USA service members
31 May and 3 June 2017 Kabul attacks: 31 May 2017 Kabul attack - 31 May 2017: At least 80 killed, 350 injured in massive Kabul car bombing, also damaging French, German embassies in diplomatic quarter - 3 June 2017 Kabul attack - 3 June 2017: At least seven people have been killed and more than 119 wounded in three separate explosions at a high-profile funeral in Kabul for one of several protesters killed on Friday at a large demonstration calling for the resignation of the government after the large truck bomb killed nearly 100 people on Wednesday
June/July 2017: 15 June 2017: At least four people have been killed in Kabul after a suicide bomber and gunmen attacked Shia mosque in western Kabul where worshippers had gathered, in latest of a string of attacks on civilians in Afghanistan during holy month of Ramadan - 18 June 2017: Dozens of people have been killed or wounded after up to five suicide bombers attacked a police headquarters in eastern Afghanistan's Gardez city, the capital of Paktia province, on Sunday - 22 June 2017: At least 15 people have been killed in suicide car bombing in the capital of Afghanistan’s Helmand province - 24 July 2017: Dozens dead in Kabul bombing targeting government workers - 31 July 2017: 'Islamic State' terrorists claim Iraqi embassy suicide attack in Kabul
August 2017: 1 August 2017: A suicide attack on a Shia mosque in the city of Herat in western Afghanistan reportedly killed at least 29 people and wounded more than 64 - 2 August 2017: Two USA soldiers killed in Taliban suicide bomb attack on a Nato convoy near Kandahar - 6 August 2017: Unidentified militants, reported to be Taliban and Isis attacked a village in the northern Afghan province of Sar-e Pul, torching 30 houses and killing as many as 50 people, including women and children, according to officials - 26 August 2017: 'Islamic State' terrorist group claims responsibility for an attack on a mosque in Kabul after suicide bomb and gun battle kills at least 30 people - 29 August 2017: At least four people were killed and several others injured after a suicide bomber blew himself up at a bank close to the USA embassy compound in Kabul
October 2017: 14 October 2017: Afghan officials say USA drone strike killed militants in Kunar province on Thursday but local MP claims victims were civilians - 17 October 2017: Police officers and civilians are killed as wave of Taliban attacks on Afghan forces kills at least 74, targeting government facilities in south, east and west of country - 19 October 2017: Taliban suicide bombers have killed at least 43 Afghan soldiers by ramming two stolen Humvees strapped with explosives into an army base - 29 October 2017: More than 70 people have been killed in twin suicide bombings on mosques in Afghanistan
November 2017: 4 November 2017: USA airstrikes have killed scores of civilians in the northern Afghan province of Kunduz, according to officials and residents in the area, a fierce battleground that has been hit by several errant USA airstrikes in recent years - 14 novembre 2017: Une trentaine de policiers et militaires afghans ont été tués depuis lundi dans une série d'attaques meurtriers talibanes contre des points de contrôle
December 2017: 17 December 2017: At least 11 Afghan plice killed In Taliban attack in the southern province of Helmand - 22 December 2017: Six police officers in Maiwand district in southern Afghanistan's Kandahar Province have been killed in a suicide car bombing, claimed by the Taliban - 25 December 2017: A suicide attacker on foot blew himself up near a compound belonging to the Afghan intelligence agency in Kabul on Monday, reportedly killing six civilians and wounding three others - 28 December 2017: Dozens of people, many of them students, have been killed in a suicide attack on an office of the Afghan Voice news agency and a neighbouring cultural centre in Kabul - 31 décembre 2017: Au moins quinze personnes ont trouvé la mort et quatorze autres ont été blessées par un kamikaze qui s'est fait exploser lors de funérailles à Nangarhar dans l'est du pays
January 2018: 4 January 2018: A suicide attacker blew himself up near a crowd of police and protesters in Kabul on Thursday, killing at least 11 people and wounding 25 others - 12 janvier 2018: Treize combattants ont été tués lors des frappes américaines menées dans l'est de l'Afghanistan sur une milice progouvernementale afghane, après une attaque apparente d'un élément infiltré - 21 January 2018: Afghan forces end Kabul hotel siege that left at least six dead, claimed by Taliban - 24 January 2018: Four gunmen have stormed the Save the Children office in Jalalabad, killing at least two people and wounding 14, in an attack claimed by Islamic State terrorists - 27 January 2018: A bomb hidden in an ambulance reportedly killed and wounded scores of people at an Afghan police checkpoint in an area of Kabul near foreign embassies and government buildings - 29 January 2018: 11 Afghan soldiers and four attackers die in assault on well-defended Marshal Fahim military academy in Kabul
February/March 2018: 24 February 2018: At least 23 people were killed and more than a dozen wounded in multiple suicide bombings and attacks, as Taliban fighters stormed an army base in the western province of Farah, the latest in a series of assaults in the war-torn country - 2 mars 2018: Une voiture-suicide a percuté un convoi de l'ambassade d'Australie dans l'est de Kaboul, faisant au moins un mort, un enfant de 12 ans, et 22 blessés - 9 mars 2018: Un kamikaze à pied s'est fait exploser vendredi dans un quartier chiite de Kaboul, tuant au moins sept personnes - 21 mars 2018: Un attentat suicide a fait au moins vingt-six morts devant l'université de Kaboul et une vingtaine de personnes ont été blessées dans l'explosion durant les célébrations de Norouz, le Nouvel an perse
April/May 2018: 30 April 2018: A coordinated double suicide bombing hit central Kabul on Monday morning, killing at least 25 people, including six journalists, an AFP photographer and a cameraman for a local TV station, and wounding at least 45 people, Afghan officials say - 7 May 2018: Rockets and heavy machine guns fired from Afghan government helicopters killed and wounded at least 107 boys and men attending a religious ceremony near Kunduz last month, according to a UN report
July/August 2018: 10 juillet 2018: Dix personnes dont huit civils ont été tuées mardi dans un attentat-suicide dans l'est du pays, qui visait un véhicule des forces de sécurité afghanes - 15 July 2018: Civilian deaths in Afghanistan at record high, UN says, as surge in Isis suicide attacks blamed for 1% rise to 1,692 fatalities in first half of year - 10 August 2018: Taliban fighters armed with heavy weapons have tried to overrun provincial capital Ghazni, attacking security forces and killing at least 14 police officers before being pushed back, as USA attack helicopters and drone aircraft provided government forces with air support - 13 August 2018: Reinforcements are being sent to aid Afghan forces as they continue to battle the Taliban for control of Ghazni city - 14 août 2018: Au moins quatorze soldats ont perdu la vie mardi, lors d'une attaque menée par des talibans contre la base de Chenaya dans le nord de l'Afghanistan, l'assaut sur Ghazi continue
20 August 2018: Fighting continues to free 21 remaining hostages, after Afghan forces have rescued 149 people, including children, who were abducted by the Taliban hours earlier in the northern Kunduz province following conditional ceasefire announcement by Afghan president Ashraf Ghani
September/October 2018: 23 septembre 2018: Huit enfants, dont quatre de la même famille, ont été tués dans le nord-ouest de l'Afghanistan quand l'obus de mortier avec lequel ils jouaient a explosé - 7 October 2018: Beheadings, roadside bombs and airstrikes, on the anniversary of the start of the latest war in Afghanistan, an investigation into a 24-hour period shows how fiercely the conflict continues - 7 octobre 2018: Les assauts répétés des talibans ont coûté la vie à au moins dix policiers dans la province de Wardak dans le centre de l'Afghanistan
November 2018: 23 November 2018: An explosion ripped through a mosque inside an Afghan army base in eastern Khost province as Friday prayers were drawing to a close, killing 27 soldiers and wounding 57 - 26 November 2018: At least 20 policemen have been killed when the Taliban ambushed a police convoy in western Farah province, reportedly on its way to the Lash wa Juwayn district to introduce newly appointed district police chief - 28 November 2018: At least 30 Afghan civilians reportedly killed in USA air strike in Helmand province - 29 November 2018: 5 employees of the security firm G4S, one British and four Afghan, have been killed in a Taliban bomb and gun attack on the company’s compound in Kabul
December 2018: 11 décembre 2018: Quatre membres des forces de sécurité afghanes ont été tués et six blessés lors d'une attaque-suicide contre leur convoi mardi matin dans un district proche de Kaboul, revendiquée par les talibans - 24/25 December 2018: At least 43 people killed in attack on Kabul government compound, as Afghan officials blame Taliban for car bomb and gun attack, after hours-long shootout prompts terrified workers to jump out of windows several floors up
January 2019: 11 January 2019: Civilian deaths and injuries in Afghanistan from explosive weapons rose by more than a third last year, against a downward trend globally, according to a report by 'Action on Armed Violence'
21 January 2019 Maidan Shar attack: 21 January 2019 Maidan Shar military compound attack by the Taliban, killing over 100 Afghan National Security Forces members
February 2019 UN report: 24 February 2019: A record number of civilians were killed in Afghanistan in 2018 according to a UN report, which blames an increase in suicide bombings by 'Islamic State' terrorists, Taliban insurgents and airstrikes by USA-led coalition forces, saying 3,804 civilians were killed in 2018 and another 7,189 were wounded
March 2019: 2 March 2019: Taliban targeted Afghan and foreign forces at a government army camp in Helmand province, which is a major source of the world's illegal opium supply, killing at least 23 people, wounding other troops, and claiming responsibility for attack even as negotiators meet for talks with USA peace envoy in Qatar - 22 March 2019: Two USA service members have been killed during an operation in Afghanistan, officials say
April 2019: 24 avril 2019: Les forces internationales ont été responsables de la mort de 305 civils au premier trimestre 2019, contre 227 pour les groupes insurgés, tandis que la plupart des décès sont intervenus lors de bombardements aériens américains ou de missions de reconnaissance au sol, menées essentiellement par les forces afghanes, dont certaines 'semblent agir en toute impunité', selon le rapport de la Mission d'assistance des Nations unies en Afghanistan, demandant des enquêtes
May 2019: 5 May 2019: Beginning with a suicide bombing, Taliban terrorists have attacked the police headquarters in the northern Afghan city of Pul-e-Khumri, as hospital sources say at least 40 people have lost their lives or have been seriously injured - 8 May 2019: The Taliban have killed at least five people in a suicide attack on the offices of a USA aid group in the heart of the Afghan capital, claiming it targeted 'Counterpart International' because it promoted women 'mixing' with men
July 2019: 1 juillet 2019: Au moins une personne est morte et une cinquantaine d'écoliers ont été blessés par l'explosion lundi d'une voiture piégée, suivie de l'irruption d'assaillants armés dans un bâtiment du centre de Kaboul, revendiquée par les talibans - 6 juillet 2019: Au moins 14 personnes ont été tuées et des dizaines d'autres blessées lorsqu'un marché dans le nord de l'Afghanistan a été atteint par des tirs de mortiers, attribués aux talibans - 30 July 2019: More Afghan civilians were killed by Afghan and Nato forces than by the Taliban and other militants in the first half of 2019, according to UN figures, blaming 717 deaths on pro-Kabul forces and 531 on militants, confirming similar findings for the first quarter of the year
31 August 2019 Taliban attack on Kunduz: 31 August 2019: The Taliban have launched a new attack on Afghanistan’s city of Kunduz, even as the insurgent group continued negotiations with the USA on ending USA's longest war
8 September 2019 Taliban threats: 8 September 2019: Taliban warns of more USA dead after Trump says he cancelled peace talks, asking 'what kind of people would kill so many in order to seemingly strengthen their bargaining position', following a rising number of Taliban terror attacks in 2019, killing many civilians and USA soldiers ahead of September presidential election
11 September 2019 rocket blast in Kabul: 11 September 2019: Rocket blast at USA Embassy in Kabul on 9/11 anniversary
19 September 2019 USA drone strike: 19 September 2019: USA drone strike intended to hit an Islamic State hideout in Afghanistan has killed at least 30 civilians who were resting after harvesting pine nuts
23 September 2019 anti-Taliban raid went wrong: 23 September 2019: At least 24 civilians were killed Monday during a raid conducted by Afghan special forces on Taliban hideouts in the southern Helmand province, wounding another 12, provincial officials said
29 September 2019: 29 September 2019: An airstrike by USA-led forces overnight in eastern Afghanistan killed at least five civilians, according to local villagers, carrying the bodies of the dead to the province's capital of Ghazni, as USA military in Kabul confirmed airstrikes in the nearby Khoja Omari and Khogyani districts killing 11 Taliban fighters, but did not confirm civilian casualties, and as Saturday's vote was marred by violence, Taliban threats and widespread allegations of mismanagement and abuse
October 2019 anger grows at civilian deaths by USA forces: 6 October 2019: Anger grows at civilian deaths by USA and Afghan forces, after workers, sleeping on the mountainside where they had spent a long day harvesting pine nuts, were targeted by feared USA airstrike despite waved aside warnings
December 2019: 4 décembre 2019: Un médecin japonais responsable d'une ONG et cinq afghans ont été tués dans une attaque visant leur véhicule à l'est de l'Afghanistan - 26 December 2019: A powerful suicide car bombing targeted an Afghan army compound in the country's north, killing six Afghan soldiers, the defense ministry said, terrorist group Taliban quickly claimed responsibility for the attack - 28 décembre 2019: Dix soldats afghans ont été tués dans une attaque des talibans contre une base militaire dans la province septentrionale de Helmand samedi - 30 December 2019: Taliban targeted a pro-government militia compound in northern Afghanistan before dawn on Monday, killing 14 people including a policeman, as the Taliban quickly claimed responsibility for the attack
1 January 2020 murderous Taliban attacks: 1 January 2020: The Taliban unleashed a new wave of attacks in northern Afghanistan, targeting members of the country's security forces and killing at least 26, local officials said
29 February 2020 USA and terrorist group Taliban sign deal aimed at ending war in Afghanistan: 29 February 2020: USA and terrorist group Taliban sign deal aimed at ending war in Afghanistan, demanding further talks involving Afghan factions, as prospects for Afghanistan’s future remain uncertain icluding questions concerning terror victims and gains made in women’s rights since the toppling of the Taliban, which had repressed women and girls under a strict brand of Sharia law - 29 February 2020 USA and Taliban agreement
2 March 2020 terrorist group Taliban ends truce and peace in Afghanistan: 2 mars 2020: Les talibans ont annoncé lundi mettre un terme à la trêve partielle instaurée le 22 février et reprendre leur offensive contre les forces de sécurité afghanes, un attentat a fait au moins trois morts et 11 blessés
20 March 2020 police and army personnel killed in an apparent insider attack: 20 March 2020: At least 17 police and army personnel were killed in an apparent insider attack at a joint military and police base, taking place in southern Zabul province, a Taliban stronghold
28 March 2020 Taliban refuses to talk to Afghan government's negotiating team: 28 March 2020: Taliban refuses to talk to Afghan government's negotiating team including politicians, former officials, representatives of civil society and 5 women, as group’s refusal represents a setback for USA-brokered peace talks
30 March 2020 deadly Taliban attacks in Afghanistan's north and south: 30 March 2020: Taliban attacks in Afghanistan's north and south have killed at least 11 Afghan soldiers and policemen, coming and answering after president Ghani last week announced his 21-member team to negotiate peace with the Taliban
20 April 2020 wave of deadly Taliban attacks: 20 April 2020: After release of up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners, now a wave of Taliban attacks on checkpoints across Afghanistan has killed 29 members of the security forces, according to officials,
21 April 2020 two more deadly bombings in Afghanistan: 21 April 2020: Two more deadly bombings in Afghanistan's central Day Kundi provinc and eastern Khost province
21 July 2020 in self defense Afghan girl Qamar Gul shot dead three Taliban assailants: 21 July 2020: In self defense Afghan girl shot dead three Taliban fighters after they killed her parents because they supported the government, according to local officials saying the incident happened last week when a group of 40 assailants stormed the village of Geriveh, in central Ghor province, where 16-year-old Qamar Gul was living with her parents and brother, and as several other Taliban fighters reportedly joined the attack, but some villagers and pro-government militia men expelled them after a gunfight and took Qamar Gul and her younger brother to a safe place in the provincial capital
22/23 July 2020 more than a dozen Afghan officers, scores of Taliban militants and civilians killed as violence escalates: 22 July 2020: Over a dozen Afghan security personnel and scores of Taliban militants have been killed in attacks across the country as violence continues to surge despite an initial peace deal - 23 July 2020: A government airstrike killed at least 14 people in Afghanistan’s western Herat province, many of them women and children, according to witnesses
August 2020 Afghanistan attacks: August 2020 Afghanistan attacks, multiple Islamic state's and Taliban attacks that left at least 165 people dead, and another 177 Afghan citizens were injured
12 September 2020 Afghan government - Taliban negotiations in Doha: 12 September 2020 Afghan government - Taliban negotiations in Doha, as Afghan government team also comprises of women's rights activists
20 September 2020 Afghan airstrikes killed Taliban fighters and civilians: 20 September 2020: Afghan Defense Ministry said airstrikes killed 30 Taliban fighters, but added an investigation was being held into claims that civilians were among those killed, as two witnesses contacted by the AP said that most of those killed in Saturday’s airstrikes, which struck the village of Sayed Ramazan in northern Kunduz province, were civilians, as Khanabad district in the province where the village is located is Taliban controlled
3 October 2020 civilians killed in car bomb attack: 3 octobre 2020: Au moins quinze personnes, principalement des civils, ont été tuées et plus de quarante blessées dans un attentat au camion piégé samedi, quand l’attaque ciblait un bâtiment administratif dans l’est de l’Afghanistan
11-13 October 2020 Afghanistan attacks: 11-13 October 2020 Afghanistan attacks
13 October 2020 thousands of families flee fighting in southern Afghan province: 13 October 2020: Thousands of families have been forced to flee fighting in the southern province of Helmand, an area that has become a battleground between Taliban militants and government forces, as Mohammad Ramin, head of the province's refugee office, told RFE/RL that most of the more than 5,000 families that left were relocated to the provincial capital, Lashkar Gah - 13 October 2020: UVIED blast reported in Kabul’s Paghman district on October 13
18 October 2020 civilians killed in Firuzkuh car bomb attack: 18 octobre 2020: Une voiture piégée ayant pris pour cible le siège de la police afghane à Feroz Koh dans la province de Ghor (ouest) a tué dimanche au moins douze civils et fait une centaine de blessés, selon les autorités
22 October 2020 deadly air strike in the northern Afghan province of Takhar: 22 October 2020: At least 12 civilians have been killed in an air strike on a religious school in the northern Afghan province of Takhar, according to local officials, saying the strike on the madrassa in the village of Hazara Qurluq killed 11 children and their prayer leader, as Afghan government disputed the account, saying it had killed 12 Taliban fighters in the village
24 October 2020 deadly suicide bomb attack in Kabul: 24 October 2020: At least 18 dead in suicide bomb attack in Kabul as explosion struck outside education centre in Shia neighbourhood in Afghan city
2 November 2020 at least 19 people dead after gunmen storm Kabul University: 2 November 2020: Gunmen have stormed Kabul University as it was hosting a book fair attended by the Iranian ambassador to Afghanistan, leading to a gun battle lasting several hours and leaving at least 19 people dead and 22 wounded
7 November 2020 many civilians killed and wounded on Saturday: 7 November 2020: A flatbed carrying several farmers hit a roadside mine killing five and wounding at least two others, as a bomb attached to the vehicle of a former presenter on Afghanistan’s Tolo TV has exploded, killing the journalist and two other civilians, Kabul police have said, as separately on Saturday a suicide bomb attack in the southern Zabul province killed two civilians, wounding seven more
21 November 2020 three citizens die in rocket attacks on Afghan capital: 21 November 2020: Three citizens die in rocket attacks on Afghan capital, as explosions come ahead of separate scheduled meetings between Mike Pompeo, Taliban and Afghan government officials in Doha
29 November 2020 deadly car bombing in Afghanistan’s central province of Ghazni: 29 November 2020: A car bombing in the Afghanistan’s central province of Ghazni killed at least 30 Afghan security force members, and casualties could increase given the intensity and location of the blast
12 December 2020 deadly rocket attack on Kabul: 12 décembre 2020: Un civil a été tué et deux autres blessés dans les tirs de dix roquettes à Kaboul samedi matin, selon le ministère de l’Intérieur, la deuxième attaque de ce genre dans la capitale afghane en moins d’un mois
18 December 2020 bomb blast kills 15 children in Afghanistan's Gilan: 18 December 2020: A bomb rigged to a rickshaw has killed at least 15 children and wounded 20 others in a Taliban-controlled area in eastern Afghanistan's Gilan district, a provincial official said, as violence in the war-weary country continued to surge
20 December 2020 Kabul terror attack and killed children: 20 décembre 2020: L’explosion d’une voiture piégée a fait dimanche huit morts dont des enfants et plus de 15 blessés à Kaboul, une nouvelle fois frappée par des attaques sanglantes, ont annoncé les autorités afghanes
Since January 2021 Afghanistan attacks: 2021 Afghanistan attacks, as wikipedia listed attacks that left at least 174 people dead and 20 others injured
16 January 2021 deadly Taliban attack: 16 janvier 2021: Une attaque commise par deux insurgés talibans infiltrés au sein d’une milice progouvernementale a fait douze victimes vendredi soir dans l’ouest de l’Afghanistan
17 January 2021 two female judges shot dead in Kabul as wave of killings continues: 17 January 2021: Two female judges shot dead in Kabul as wave of killings continues, and as assassination of supreme court judges follows months of increased violence in Afghanistan
18 March 2021 Kabul bombing kills at least three people: 18 March 2021: Afghan officials say at least 3 people were killed and 11 wounded when a roadside bomb hit a vehicle carrying government employees in Kabul, as representatives of the Afghan government, the Taliban, and key countries gather in Moscow to push for a reduction in violence, and as western-backed government in Kabul has blamed Taliban insurgents for recent attacks targeting government employees, civil society figures, and journalists - 18 March 2021: 9 members of the Afghan security forces, including special forces personnel, were killed in a helicopter crash in central Afghanistan in Maidan Wardak Province, as Air Force source and a provincial official told Reuters that the helicopter was hit by a rocket while taking off and the Defense Ministry is investigating
Since May 2021 Afghanistan's Taliban deadly offensive: Since May 2021 Afghanistan's Taliban deadly offensive, an ongoing military offensive led by the Taliban against the Afghan Government and its allies that is simultaneous with the withdrawal of USA troops from Afghanistan
1 May 2021 car bomb kills students and more citizens as USA starts farewell of its remaining forces: 1 May 2021: At least 21 people have been killed and nearly 100 wounded after a car bomb exploded in the Afghan city Pul-e-Alam south of the capital - targeting a guesthouse where dozens of people were living – including university students, causing widespread damage in the area, including to a hospital and residential houses -, that president Ashraf Ghani has blamed on the Taliban, as people were breaking their Ramadan fast and came together, timed with the eve of the formal start of the USA’s withdrawal from Afghanistan, now beginning with a murderous attack amid the farewell of USA's remaining forces - 30 April 2021 Puli Alam bombing, after violence in Afghanistan escalated during spring 2021, and aftermath
30 March 2021 gunmen killed three female polio vaccination health workers in Jalalabad: 30 March 2021: Gunmen have killed three female polio vaccination health workers in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad, Reuters reports
4 May 2021 Afghans fled Helmand province as fierce fighting between government forces and Taliban erupted: 4 May 2021: Thousands of Afghans have fled their homes in Helmand province as fierce fighting between government forces and the Taliban erupted after the USA military began withdrawing its remaining troops, as Afghan forces pushed back a string of insurgent attacks on checkpoints across the southern province, where the USA military on Sunday handed over a base to government forces
8 May 2021 blasts targeting Afghan school in Kabul kill many people mostly students: Attentat du 8 mai 2021 à Kaboul - 8 May 2021 blasts targeting Afghan school in Kabul kill 40 injuring dozens, as most of the casualties were students coming out of the Sayed ul Shuhada school
13 May 2021 at Least 11 Afghan civilians killed in attacks on first of three-day cease-fire: 13 May 2021: Four separate bomb attacks have killed at least 11 civilians and wounded 13 others just hours after a three-day cease-fire took effect as Afghanistan celebrates the Eid al-Fitr festival marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan
14 May 2021 Kabul mosque bombing kills at least 12 people despite Eid cease-fire: 14 May 2021: Afghan officials say a blast at a mosque in a northern Kabul neighborhood killed at least 12 worshippers on the second day of a cease-fire declared by the government and the Taliban, as fifteen other people were wounded when a bomb exploded inside the mosque during Friday Prayers, according to Kabul police
16 May 2021 fighting resumes in southern Afghanistan's Helmand: 16 May 2021: Fighting resumes in south after three-day ceasefire for Eid in Afghanistan, as Taliban and government forces clash in Helmand, the scene of intense battles following USA troop withdrawal
24 May 2021 more attacks and fighting: 24 mai 2021: D’intenses combats entre soldats afghans et talibans, après les combats ont commencé dimanche à Mehtarlam, une capitale provinciale à 120 km de Kaboul, et aprés le retrait des forces américaines, les violences s’accentuent dans le pays
29 May 2021 a roadside bomb struck a minivan full of university staff in northern Kapisa province: 29 May 2021: A roadside bomb has struck a minivan full of university staff in Afghanistan’s northern Kapisa province, killing 3 teachers and wounding 15 others, as officials say vehicle carrying university staff targeted in Kapisa, with bomb set off remotely
6 June 2021 at least 11 people killed by a landmine in northern Afghanistan: 6 June 2021: At least 11 civilians, including children, were killed when their vehicle set off a landmine in northern Afghanistan, local government officials said on Sunday, accusing Taliban insurgents for planting the landmine bombs
15 June 2021 gunmen kill four polio workers, wound three: 15 June 2021: Gunmen kill four polio workers, wound three in Afghanistan’s east, as polio workers targeted in three locations in Jalalabad city, the latest in a series of attacks against health workers
22 June 2021 Taliban took than 50 districts since May as UN warns about increased conflict: 22 June 2021: UN special envoy on Afghanistan Deborah Lyons said that the Taliban has taken more than 50 of the country’s 370 districts since May, warning that increased conflict 'means increased insecurity for many other countries, near and far', as Taliban militants have conducted multiple of offensives in Afghanistan's north in recent days, after USA and NATO troops began their final withdrawal from the war-wracked country, and as the Taliban reportedly captured the main border crossing with Tajikistan
29 June 2021 Taliban fighters launch attack on Ghazni: 29 June 2021: Taliban fighters launch attack on Ghazni, as fighting with government forces in central Afghan city comes as foreign troops continue withdrawal from the country
29 June 2021 USA's top general gave a sobering assessment of Afghanistan’s deteriorating security situation: 29 June 2021: USA's top general in Afghanistan on Tuesday gave a sobering assessment of the country’s deteriorating security situation as the USA winds down its so-called 'forever war', as general Austin Miller said the rapid loss of districts around the country to the Taliban — several with significant strategic value — is worrisome
July 2021 Afghanistan' Taliban offensive: July 2021 Afghanistan's Taliban offensive, an ongoing military offensive led by the Taliban against the Afghan Government and its allies that is simultaneous with the withdrawal of USA troops from Afghanistan
1 July 2021 at least 703 Afghan security forces and 208 civilians were killed in Afghanistan in June: 1 July 2021: At least 703 Afghan security forces and 208 civilians were killed in Afghanistan in June, the highest count among security forces since 'The Times' began tracking casualties in September 2018
4 July 2021 Taliban seizes key districts in Afghanistan: 4 July 2021: Taliban seizes key districts in Afghanistan including Badakhshan and Kandahar provinces, as Afghan troops flee into neighbouring Tajikistan
5 July 2021 Taliban advances in northern Afghanistan continue: 5 July 2021: More than 1,000 Afghan security personnel have fled across the border into Tajikistan after Taliban advances in northern Afghanistan, the Tajik border guard service said on Monday, while dozens of others were captured by the insurgents, after the crossings on Sunday underscore a rapidly deteriorating situation in the country as foreign troops near a complete withdrawal after 20 years of war in Afghanistan and with peace negotiations stalled
7 July 2021 Taliban attacked Qala-i-Naw, the capital of Badghis province, overnight: 7 July 2021: Taliban attacked Qala-i-Naw, the capital of Badghis province, overnight and seized the provincial headquarters of the police and the intelligence service, the National Directorate of Security, before being pushed back by special forces, as USA speeds up withdrawal
9 July 2021 Taliban in western Herat province seizing two key border crossings to Iran and Turkmenistan: 9 July 2021: The Taliban has swept through western Herat province, seizing two key border crossings to Iran and Turkmenistan, and much of the countryside beyond city limits, the latest in a rapid militant advance
13 July 2021 Afghanistan stunned by scale and speed of security forces’ collapse: 13 July 2021: Afghanistan stunned by scale and speed of security forces’ collapse, as more than 1,000 have fled across the border, and hundreds more have handed over weapons to the Taliban
14 July 2021 Taliban claim Afghan border crossing with Pakistan in major gain: 14 July 2021: Taliban claim Afghan border crossing with Pakistan in major gain, saying they have made what could be their most significant advance in a nationwide offensive
16 July 2021 Afghans flee to eastern Turkey as Taliban takes control amid chaos: 16 July 2021: Afghans flee to eastern Turkey as Taliban takes control amid chaos, and as some pay smugglers to take them to Istanbul as withdrawal of USA troops rekindles fears of civil war
24 July 2021 curfew imposed in Afghanistan to curb Taliban offensive: 24 July 2021: Curfew imposed in Afghanistan to curb Taliban offensive, after Islamic group known for violence against civilians including children and terrorist attacks since decennies captured key border crossings and encircled several provincial capitals
26 July 2021 Afghanistan civilian casualty figures at record high, UN says: 26 July 2021: Afghanistan civilian casualty figures at record high, UN says, as report reveals ‘acute rise’ in deaths and injuries since 1 May as Taliban exploit departure of USA's and more foreign troops
30 July 2021 UN compound in Herat city attacked and at least one security guard was killed: 30 July 2021: The main UN compound in Herat city of the western Afghan province of Herat was attacked on Friday and at least one security guard was killed, the UNAMA said, as the attack, involving rocket-propelled grenades and guns, happened hours after Taliban fighters penetrated deep into Herat city, and heavy clashes with Afghan security forces took place near the UNAMA provincial headquarters
31 July 2021 Herat residents fear Taliban in their homes and workplaces as it masses outside city: 31 July 2021: Herat residents fear Taliban in their homes and workplaces as it masses outside city, as western Afghan city all but under siege, prompting companies to hide documents in case staff are targeted
1 August 2021 inconsiderate Taliban militants escalate nationwide offensive in Afghanistan: 1 August 2021: Inconsiderate Taliban militants escalate nationwide offensive in Afghanistan, as Afghan forces defend western city of Herat and Lashkar Gah in south as Kandahar airport hit by rockets
2 August 2021 Afghan forces are battling to stop a first provincial city from falling to the Taliban: 2 August 2021: Afghan forces are battling to stop a first provincial city from falling to the Taliban following weekend offensives from the insurgents on urban centres in a major escalation in fighting, as Taliban fighters assaulted at least three provincial capitals overnight - Lashkar Gah, Kandahar and Herat - after a weekend of heavy fighting that resulted in thousands of civilians fleeing the advancing militants
2 August 2021 USA, UK accuse Taliban of war crimes in south Afghan town: 2 August 2021: USA, UK accuse Taliban of ‘war crimes’ in south Afghan town, as the countries say alleged atrocities must be investigated and Taliban fighters be held accountable, 'Al Jazeera' reports live
3 August 2021 Taliban on brink of taking key Afghan city as residents told to flee: 3 August 2021: Taliban on brink of taking key Afghan city as residents told to flee, and as officials confirm all but one district of Lashkar Gah is under hardline Islamists’ control after fierce fighting
6 August 2021 Taliban capture Afghan provincial capital: 6 August 2021: Taliban capture provincial capital in Afghanistan, as loss of Zaranj in Nimroz, near the border with Iran, is a major blow to the western-backed government endangered by the Taliban, continuing to make rapid advances across the country
7 August 2021 Taliban captured a second provincial capital in Afghanistan: 7 August 2021: The Taliban have captured a second provincial capital in Afghanistan, a day after they took over the south-western financial hub of Zaranj, as the Islamists continued to advance in urban parts of the country, and as Taliban fighters - armed with heavy weapons - overran the strategic city of Sheberghan, the capital of the northern Jawzjan province
7 August 2021 Afghan air force pilot killed in Kabul bombing by Taliban: 7 August 2021: Afghan air force pilot killed in Kabul bombing, as attack was claimed by Taliban
8 August 2021 Taliban captures Kunduz, third provincial capital in three days: 8 August 2021: Taliban captures Kunduz, third provincial capital in three days, as health officials in Kunduz said 14 bodies, including those of women and children, and more than 30 injured people have been taken to hospital, as fighting reportedly rages in several cities across the Asian mountainous country Afghanistan, since 19th century strongly - often for decennies - contested, also because of its strategic location, and despite the United Natione and the leading democratic countries since 1945 promised peace, and despite UN envoy warnings in 2021 pleading with the UN Security Council to prevent Afghanistan from descending into a ‘catastrophe’ - 8 August 2021: As fighting rages in Afghanistan, health workers are struggling, and the fighting in urban areas has increased the number of civilians injured making healthcare extremely difficult
9 August 2021: Taliban capture sixth provincial capital in northern Afghanistan: 9 August 2021: Taliban capture sixth provincial capital in northern Afghanistan, as their militants overrun Aibak without meeting resistance, leaving pro-government forces in region cut off
10 August 2021: The Taliban have captured the key Afghan city of Pul-e-Khumri, 140 miles north of Kabul, giving the militants control of a strategic road junction linking Kabul to the north and west, according to insurgents and local officials
11 August 2021 government is arming local groups as Taliban fighters capture Afghan city at strategic junction north of Kabul: 11 August 2021: Afghanistan’s interior minister reveals plan to push back Taliban, telling 'Al Jazeera' that the government is arming local groups as part of a three-phase plan to push back the Taliban offensive - 11 August 2021: Taliban fighters capture Afghan city at strategic junction north of Kabul, as officials in Pul-e-Khumri say government forces abandoned compounds during heavy fighting, and as USA's Biden says Afghans must fight for themselves
12 August 2021 Taliban claim to have captured Kandahar as grip on Afghanistan grows: 12 August 2021: The Taliban has taken control of Ghazni, the capital of Ghazni province, about 150km southwest of Kabul, the 10th provincial capital to fall in a week - 12 August 2021: Taliban claim to have captured Kandahar as grip on Afghanistan grows, as claim follows earlier fall of Herat with militants overrunning government positions
13 August 2021 Taliban seize four more provincial capitals in Afghanistan: 13 August 2021: Taliban seize four more provincial capitals in Afghanistan, and militants' seemingly unstoppable advance continues as they close in on Kabul, as Pentagon says Taliban advances in Afghanistan ‘deeply concerning’
13/14 August 2021 Taliban imposing ‘horrifying’ human rights curbs, UN chief warns: 13 August 2021: Taliban imposing ‘horrifying’ human rights curbs, UN chief warns, as Guterres calls on the Taliban to halt its advance, saying they are imposing severe restrictions on human rights in areas of Afghanistan under its control, in particular targeting women and journalists, as Afghans in disbelief over Taliban gains, and residents of Herat and Kandahar express shock and anger at the swift fall of their cities to the Taliban - 14 Augtust 2021: As Taliban attacks continue, people rush to Kabul
14 August 2021 'Al Jazeera' reports updated from Afghanistan as Taliban's bloodshed nears Kabul: 14 August 2021: Afghan president pledges to stop bloodshed as Taliban nears Kabul, saying ‘consultations with partners’ under way as Taliban continues rapid offensive to capture more territory, 'Al Jazeera' reports live updated from the country
15 August 2021 Taliban claim they will soon declare ‘Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan’: 15 August 2021: Taliban claim they will soon declare ‘Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan’ after president Ghani said to have fled, the Britsh 'Guardian' reports live
16 August 2021 The Guardian's Afghanistan live news: 16 August 2021: The Guardian's Afghanistan live news, as troops working to restart grounded flights amid chaos at Kabul airport - 16 August 2021: West has two weeks to complete Afghanistan evacuation, say sources, as UK defence secretary has conceded Britain will not be able to extract all eligible Afghan allies from country - 16 August 2021: USA ‘defeat’ in Afghanistan a chance for 'peace', Iran's Mullah regime's president Ebrahim Raisi says, as 'Al Jazeera' reports from Afghanistan
17 August 2021 Afghan men, women and children cram into USA cargo plane in flight from Kabul: 17 August 2021: More than 600 Afghan men, women and children, crouch and cram against each other on the floor of a United States military plane as it leaves Kabul after the city was seized by the Taliban, as a photograph showing the Afghan civilians – some clutching luggage, others bottle-feeding infants – on the cargo aircraft has gone viral on social media
18/19 Augstu 2021 flag-waving protesters defy the vioöemt Taliban in the city of Jalalabad: 18/19 Augstu 2021: Flag-waving protesters defy the vioöemt Taliban, prompting shots in the city of Jalalabad where one person was killed, the BBC reports live
19 August 2021 several reported killed as Taliban shoot at crowds waving Afghan flag: 19 August 2021: Violence during Afghan independence day celebration, as at least two people were killed in Asadabad city when the Taliban opened fire following a stabbing attempt, live news - 19 August 2021: Several reported killed as Taliban shoot at crowds waving Afghan flag, as witness describes mass panic during independence day rally in Asadabad, a day after deaths at a similar protest - 19 August 2021: Afghanistan’s Central Asian neighbours panic, reject refugees, as officials in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan fear that an influx of refugees from Afghanistan could undermine domestic security, 'Al Jazeera' reports
20 August 2021 desperate scramble in Afghanistan to escape Taliban rule: 20 August 2021: Desperate scramble in Afghanistan to escape Taliban rule - < a href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/8/20/taliban-responsible-for-massacre-of-nine-hazara-men-amnesty">20 August 2021: Taliban responsible for massacre of nine Hazara men, rights group says
21 August 2021 desperation deepened around Kabul's airport with evacuation operations in chaos: 21 August 2021: Desperation deepened around Kabul's airport on Saturday with evacuation operations in chaos and USA President Joe Biden warning he could not predict the outcome of one of the 'most difficult airlifts in history', as - six days after the Taliban took back power in Afghanistan - the flow of people trying to flee their feared hardline Islamist rule continued to overwhelm the international community - 21 August 2021: Afghanistan reports of torture and killing contradict Taliban’s promises, as Islamists tortured Hazara men to death, say witnesses, and relative of journalist killed, with reports of the Taliban going door to door searching for people who worked with the former Afghan government or western countries, as claims have also emerged of Taliban fighters torturing and killing members of an ethnic minority in Afghanistan after overrunning their village last month
22 desperate Afghans and USA's, EU's warnings of 'security threats' and 'impossibity to evacuate everyone': 22 August 2021: Tens of thousands of Afghans were racing Sunday to flee their country as USA warned of security threats at Kabul's chaotic airport and the EU said it was 'impossible' to evacuate everyone at risk from the Taliban
22 August 2021 deadly chaos continues at Kabul airport, 'Al Jazeera' reports with updates: 22 August 2021: Deadly chaos continues at Kabul airport, where thousands of Afghans trying to flee the Taliban takeover are gathered, 'Al Jazeera' reports with updates
23 August 2021 Kabul airport curbs blocking medical supplies for Afghans, WHO says, and more global reports: 23 August 2021: More than 500 tonnes of medical supplies including surgical equipment and severe malnutrition kits due to be delivered to Afghanistan this week are stuck because of Kabul airport restrictions after Taliban took power, WHO said on Monday - 23 August 2021: A UK-based Afghan woman whose relatives worked with USA and Nato forces and international humanitarian organisations has described a frantic effort from afar to try to protect her family amid fears they will be targeted by the Taliban, as violent Taliban say deadline extension for foreign troops is ‘red line’, according to the live reporting British 'Guardian'
23 August 2021 Taliban warn of 'consequences' if USA extends evacuation: 23 August 2021: In Kabul thousands still outside airport hoping to be evacuated, France24 in Kabul reports - 23 August 2021: Taliban warn of 'consequences' if USA extends evacuation, France24 in Kabul reports - 23 August 2021: Uncertainty in the capital although peace prevails, France24 in Kabul reports - 23 August 2021: Afghans in Qatar share hopes and fears after fleeing the Taliban, 'Al Jazeera' reports
24 August 2021 Taliban’s treatment of women to mark ‘red line’, UN's Michelle Bachelet says: 24 August 2021: Taliban’s treatment of women to mark ‘red line’,UN's Michelle Bachelet says citing credible reports of summary executions and serious violations by the Taliban, 'Al Jazeers' journalist Tamila Varshalomidze reports in her updated report
25 August 2021 more than 10,000 waiting to be evacuated at Kabul airport, 'Al Jazeera' reports: 25 August 2021: More than 10,000 waiting to be evacuated at Kabul airport according to USA, as 'Al Jazeers' journalist Tamila Varshalomidze continues her updated reports
25 August 2021 also 'The Guardian' reports live from Kabul: 25 August 2021: At least 10,000 people at Kabul airport waiting for flight and 2,000 people who worked for UK still to be airlifted, 'The Guardian' reports live from Kabul, as the Taliban threatened and physically abused United Nations staff, according to Reuters, as dozens of incidents contained in an internal UN security document also seen by Reuters that describes veiled threats, the looting of UN offices and physical abuse of the organisation’s staff since 10 August by the Islamist militant movement
25 August 2021 Afghans race to flee Taliban as deadline looms, France24 reports from Kabul: 25 August 2021: Afghans race to flee Taliban as deadline looms, France24 reports from Kabul - 25 August 2021: Doctor recounts Afghan escape saying ‘when people fell off planes, humanity fell to the ground’, France24 reports
25 August 2021 Afghans race to flee from their home country: 25 août 2021: Des milliers de personnes s'agglutinent près de l'aéroport - 25 août 2021: Les Afghans pris au piège d’un pays en banqueroute
26 August 2021 USA urged people to move away from Kabul airport due to threats also by Islamic State terrorists: 26 August 2021: USA urged people to move away from Kabul airport on Thursday due to the threat of a terror attack by Islamic State terrorists as western troops (claiming to defend democracy, human righs and freedom) hurry to evacuate before an ordered August 31 deadline, as now two very well - and feared by civilians in many countries - known terror networks - in the 1980s and now in the 2010s until 2021 equipped with modern and terrible USA weapons get ready to determine what will happen in the Cental Asian country
26 August 2021 freedom and hunan rights proclaiming governments warnings of ‘imminent’ terror attack: 26 August 2021: Freedom and hunan rights proclaiming governments' warnings of ‘imminent’ terror attack as evacuations enter final phase, as 'United Kingdom' and 'United States of America' warn of credible reports of an attack now including 'Islamic State' terrorist threat, as Danish minister says it’s no longer safe to fly, former colonial empire France says evacuations will end Friday ('vendredi', 'Freitag'). as UK warns Afghans to avoid Kabul airport due to terrorist attack threat, as Greece will not be ‘gateway’ to Europe for Afghans, as Australian citizen beaten by Taliban while trying to flee Afghanistan, as UK's homeland citizens of Afghan origin being overlooked in airlift, claim lawyers, the British 'Guardian' reports live
26 August 2021 Kabul airport attacks: 26 August 2021 Kabul airport attacks, as at 17:50 local time a suicide bombing occurred near Abbey Gate at Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, as another blast and gunfire also happened after the bombing, all coming hours after the USA Department told citizens outside the airport to leave due to a terrorist threat, and as at least 72 people were killed in the attacks, including 60 Afghan civilians and 12 USA service members
27 August 2021 more people died in Kabul's IS terror group's attack, the 'Guardian' reports live and 'Al Jazeera' reports, too: 27 August 2021: Two Britons and child of UK national among Kabul terror attack's dead, as USA warns over continuing ‘credible threat’, the British 'Guardian' reports live - 27 August 2021: Hundreds of Afghan families who have been camping in searing heat at a Kabul park after the Taliban overran their provinces are begging for food and shelter, as a humanitarian crisis unfolds in the war-torn country, 'Al Jazeera' reports
28 August 2021 Afghan evacuations enter end game amid threats, 'Al Jazeera' reports live: 28 August 2021: Afghan evacuations enter end game amid threats, as the last UK flight evacuating civilians left on Saturday after airlifting some 15,000 people since the Taliban takeover, as USA forces helping to evacuate Afghans desperate to flee Taliban rule were on alert on Saturday for more attacks after an 'Islamic State in Khorasan Province' affiliated suicide bombing killed at least 175 people and thirteen USA service members and 162 Afghans died in the attack, as schools and universities remained closed on the first working day of the week, as the banks were once more closed, and as the Taliban deploys extra forces around Kabul airport to prevent people from gathering, 'Al Jazeera' reports live
29 August 2021 France/UK plan to table UN security council resolution calling for Taliban to back civilian-run safe zone at Kabul airport: 29 August 2021: France and Britain plan to table an emergency UN security council resolution on Monday calling for the Taliban to back a civilian-run safe zone at Kabul airport that would allow the continued air evacuation of those who want to leave the country
29 August 2021 USA forces strike against ISKP suicide bombers in Kabul: 29 August 2021: USA forces strike against ISKP suicide bombers in Kabul, officials say
29 August 2021 the 'Guardian' reports in Afghanistan live news another blast near Kabul airport: 29 August 2021: The 'Guardian' reports in Afghanistan live news another blast near Kabul airport amid warnings of further attacks, as reports of ‘powerful explosion’ thought to have been rocket attack in Afghan capital
30 August 2021 Islamic State terrorists claimed a rocket attack on Kabul airport on Monday: 30 August 2021: Islamic State terrorists claimed a rocket attack on Kabul airport on Monday, as USA troops raced to complete their withdrawal from Afghanistan and evacuate allies under the threat of further violence
31 August 2021 after the final foreign forces flew out of Afghanistan Taliban leaders walked through the airport: 31 August 2021: Hours after the final foreign forces flew out of Afghanistan, Taliban leaders walked victorious through the airport, flanked by guards dressed in special forces combat kit inspecting disabled USA military aircraft - 31 August 2021: Many Afghans fear a potential economic collapse as the Taliban celebrates the withdrawal of the last USA troops, 'Al Jazeera' reports
2 September 2021 USA 'finally' accepts 'army was not going to defeat the Taliban' in the Afghanistan War following 9/11: 2 September 2021: 20 years on, USA 'finally' accepts 'army was not going to defeat the Taliban' in the Afghanistan War following 9/11, France24 reports - 2 September 2021: Afghan families flee the Taliban into Pakistan, saying 'we have come here because of misery and poverty'
3 September 2021 fate of Panjshir Valley north of Kabul hangs in the balance as heavy fighting continues: 3 September 2021: The fate of Afghanistan's Panjshir Valley north of the capital Kabul - the final holdout against Taliban control - hangs in the balance as heavy fighting continues, as resistance fighters battling there denied that Taliban seized the area, but saying the situation is 'difficult', as the fighting in Panjshir is reported to have left hundreds dead
4 September 2021 women march in Kabul to demand role in Taliban government, as protesters say the Taliban used pepper sprays and tear gas to disperse them: 4 September 2021: Women march in Kabul to demand role in Taliban government, as protesters say the Taliban used pepper sprays and tear gas to disperse them as they tried to reach the presidential palace
4 September 2021 Taliban surrounds Panjshir Valley as resistance holds: 4 September 2021: Taliban surrounds Panjshir Valley as resistance holds, as the Taliban appears determined to snuff out the Panjshir resistance before announcing who will lead the country, and as a spokesman for the National Resistance Front NRF of Afghanistan, which groups opposition forces loyal to local leader Ahmad Massoud, said Taliban forces reached the Darband heights on the border between Kapisa province and Panjshir but were pushed back
4 September 2021 Kabul airport reopens to receive aid: 4 September 2021: Kabul airport reopens to receive aid, 'Al Jazeera' reports live from Kabul
5 September 2021 Taliban militants in Firozkoh city have shot dead a policewoman: 5 September 2021: Taliban militants in Afghanistan have shot dead a policewoman in a provincial city, witnesses have told the BBC, as the woman, named in local media as Banu Negar, was killed at the family home in front of relatives in Firozkoh, the capital of central Ghor province, and as the killing comes amid increasing reports of escalating repression of women in Afghanistan
6 September 2021 NRF spokeperson tells France24 NRF still resisting in Panjshir province: 6 September 2021: NRF spokeperson tells France24 NRF still resisting in Panjshir province
7 September 2021 Taliban have named UN-sanctioned veteran Hasan Akhund as the leader of Afghanistan’s new government: 7 September 2021: Taliban have named UN-sanctioned veteran Mullah Mohammad Hasan Akhund as the leader of Afghanistan’s new government, while giving key positions to figures who dominated the since 9/11 20-year battle against the USA-led coalition and its allies, as chief spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid told a press conference that Taliban co-founder Abdul Ghani Baradar would be the deputy leader - 7 September 2021: USA airstrikes killed at least 22,000 civilians since 9/11, analysis finds, as figures based on reported number of USA airstrikes highlight the human cost of the 20-year ‘war on terror’, and as Taliban reaping the fruits of their crimes, even presented by western states
8 September 2021 Taliban ban protests and slogans that don’t have 'their approval': 8 September 2021: Taliban ban protests and slogans that don’t have their approval, as rallies in Afghanistan have already been broken up violently, now ‘severe consequences’ are threatened for demonstrators
9 September 2021 Taliban accused of torturing journalists for covering protests: 9 September 2021: Taliban accused of torturing journalists for covering protests, as reports show Taliban's armed group being violent and intimidating journalists, despite their free press pledge
9 September 2021 brutal attacks on Afghan journalists by Taliban prompt growing alarm: 9 September 2021: Violent attacks on Afghan journalists by Taliban prompt growing alarm, as images circulate of the brutal flogging of two reporters, and a senior Afghan journalist declares ‘press freedom has ended’
10 September 2021 UN warns Afghanistan at risk of ‘total breakdown’: 10 September 2021: UN warns Afghanistan at risk of ‘total breakdown’, as the UN special envoy on Afghanistan Deborah Lyons told the Security Council that a way needed to be found to get the money into the country 'to prevent a total breakdown of the economy and social order', noting that Afghanistan was facing a storm of crises including a plunging currency, a sharp rise in prices for food and fuel and a lack of cash at private banks, also saying the authorities also do not have the funds to pay salaries, and 'the Afghan people are least responsible for this unfolding crisis, and yet most affected by it. It is clear that they will still need this Council and the international community.'
10 September 2021 at least four killed in Taliban crackdown on protests, says UN: 110 September 2021: Taliban’s violent crackdown on protests against their hardline rule has already led to four documented deaths, according to a UN human rights official who said the group had used live ammunition, whips and batons to break up demonstrations
13 September 2021 as WFP said Afghanistan on the brink of starvation donors pledged to help Afghanistan: 13 September 2021: As the World Food Programme said 14 million people were on the brink of starvation, donors have pledged more than a billion dollars to help Afghanistan, where poverty and hunger have spiralled since the Taliban took power, and foreign aid has dried up, raising the spectre of a mass exodus - 13 September 2021: Afghans sell possessions amid cash crunch, looming crisis
14 September 2021 Taliban accused of killing 20 civilians in Panjshir valley: 14 September 2021: Taliban accused of killing 20 civilians in Panjshir valley, as one incident caught on video appears to be killing of man in uniform
14 September 2021 the Taliban has already broken its promises to safeguard women and protect human rights UU envoy says: 14 September 2021: The Taliban has already broken its promises to safeguard women and protect human rights, and the international community must hold it to account, according to outgoing government’s ambassador to the UN Nasir Ahmad Andisha, saying 'the Taliban have vowed to respect women’s rights but women’s rights are disappearing from the landscape'. also accusing the militants of 'widespread atrocities' - 14 September 2021: UNICEF estimates 300 unaccompanied minors were evacuated from Afghanistan last month - 14 September 2021: Female journalists who fled the country tell Al Jazeera they were left with no choice amid fears of Taliban persecution
15 September 2021: Afghanistan women’s football team flees to Pakistan: 15 September 2021: Afghanistan women’s football team flees to Pakistan, as girls who played for under-14, under-16 and under-18 teams arrive in Lahore in the wake of Taliban’s takeover, entering Pakistan through the northwestern Torkham border crossing holding valid travel documents
17 September 2021 Panjshir resistance forces continue to battle the Taliban as residents say there is no clear winner yet: 17 September 2021: As resistance forces continue to battle the Taliban on Afghanistan’s last war front, residents who fled the province say there is no clear winner yet, saying 'we didn’t even know what was happening in the next village', and as Panjshir residents themselves have had little chance to tell the story of what transpired in their homes and villages over the last several weeks
17 September 2021 UN refugee chief calls for action to prevent Afghan ‘implosion’: 17 September 2021: UN refugee chief calls for action to prevent Afghan ‘implosion’, as Filippo Grandi speaking from Islamabad raises concern over lack of functioning of Afghan state institutions due to frozen government assets
17 September 2021 school classes will resume for Afghan boys, no mention of girls: 17 September 2021: Afghan schools will open for boys from Saturday, the new Taliban-run education ministry has said in a statement that did not mention when girls might be able to go back to their classes
19 September 2021 Afghan women stage protest in Kabul after Taliban crack down on women's rights: 19 September 2021: Afghan women stage protest in Kabul after Taliban crack down on women's rights
20 September 2021: Rights groups accuse Taliban of rolling back civil liberties: 20 September 2021: Rights groups accuse Taliban of rolling back civil liberties, as report accuses the armed group of several rights violations ranging from limits on press freedom to restrictions on women
21 September 2021 India seized $2.7bn in Afghan heroin amid Taliban takeover chaos: 21 September 2021: India seized $2.7bn in Afghan heroin amid Taliban takeover chaos, as nearly three tonnes of heroin originating from Afghanistan seized and two people arrested in one of India’s biggest hauls to date
22 September 2021 ex-Bagram inmates recount stories of abuse, torture, as former prisoners return: 22 September 2021: Ex-Bagram inmates recount stories of abuse, torture, as former prisoners return to the now abandoned USA-run Bagram jail, which was notorious for enhanced interrogations
22 September 2021 UN releases funds to save Afghan health system from collapse: 22 September 2021: UN releases funds to save Afghan health system from collapse, an emergency funds in a bid to boost life-saving support in Afghanistan
23 September 2021 thousands of Afghans seeking refuge in regional countries: 23 September 2021: Thousands of Afghans seeking refuge in regional countries, as UN refugee agency says at least 35,400 Afghan refugees have arrived in Iran, Pakistan and Tajikistan since January 1
24 September 2021 Taliban say punishments such as ‘cutting off hands’, strict punishment, executions, will return: 24 September 2021: Taliban leader Mullah Nooruddin Turabi - one of the founders of the Taliban and the chief enforcer of its strict rule of Afghanistan during the 1990s - says punishments such as ‘cutting off hands’ was necessary for ‘security’ as it had a deterrent effect, also saying strict punishment, executions, will return though perhaps not in public
24 September 2021 Taliban want to represent Afghanistan at the UN, but so does the current accredited ambassador: 24 September 2021: The Taliban want to represent Afghanistan at the UN, but so does the current accredited ambassador appointed by former President Ashraf Ghani, as the UN must decide for or against violence against civilians
25 September 2021 Taliban hang dead bodies in city squares of Herat: 25 September 2021: Taliban hang dead bodies in city squares of Herat, as gruesome display came a day after a notorious Taliban official warned that extreme punishments such as execution and amputation would resume
Environment of Afghanistan: Environment of Afghanistan - Natural history of Afghanistan - Geology of Afghanistan - Climate of Afghanistan
Ecoregions in Afghanistan: List of ecoregions in Afghanistan - Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe - Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows - Protected areas of Afghanistan
Retreat of glaciers in the Himalayas and Central Asia: Retreat of glaciers in the Himalayas and Central Asia
Water in Afghanistan: Water in Afghanistan - Bodies of water of Afghanistan
Rivers of Afghanistan: Rivers of Afghanistan - List of rivers of Afghanistan - List of dams and reservoirs in Afghanistan
Water supply in Afghanistan: Water supply in Afghanistan
2018 escalating water crisis: 11 July 2018: As Afghanistan’s water crisis escalates, more effective water governance could bolster regional stability - 10 October 2018: UN stated that water scarcity is a rising cause for displacement in Afghanistan, saying that the groundwater level has declined by 1.4 mm between 2004-2012, and that 22 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces are facing drought today, as there are 1.5 million Afghans, approximately 4% of the population, that are displaced and 448,000 were added in 2017 alone
Environmental issues in Afghanistan: Environmental issues in Afghanistan, including pollution, climate change, deforestation, domestic, industrial and nuclear waste - forests and wetlands have been depleted by centuries of grazing and farming, practices which have only increased with modern population growth and with 80% of the population dependent on herding or farming
Pollution and air pollution in Afgahnistan: Pollution and air pollution in Afgahnistan
Deforestation in Afghanistan: Deforestation in Afghanistan
2017 climate change 'death sentence' for Afghanistan's highlands: 28 August 2017: How climate change is a 'death sentence' in Afghanistan's highlands
February 2018 drought and climate change effects in Afghanistan: 12 February 2018: Drought and climate change effects in Afghanistan
July 2019 climate change significant obstacle for farmers: 10 July 2019: Climate change is a significant obstacle for farmers in the least developed countries like Afghanistan and adaptation support is exceptionally scarce
Natural disasters in Afghanistan: Natural disasters in Afghanistan
Drought in Afghanistan: Drought in Afghanistan
February 2018 drought and climate change effects in Afghanistan: 12 February 2018: Drought and climate change effects in Afghanistan
Floods and landslides in Afghanistan: Floods in Afghanistan - Many provinces in Afghanistan vulnerable to floods
2012/2013 floods: 21 May 2012: Flood waters ravaged the provincial capital Sar-e-Pul in northern Afghanistan, killing at least 19 people and destroying hundreds of homes - 4 August 2012: Flash floods in Afghanistan kill more than 40 people - August 2013 Pakistan–Afghanistan floods
2014 floods: 25 April 2014: More than 100 people have been killed and thousands left homeless by flash floods in north and west Afghanistan - May 2014 Badakhshan mudslides - 3 May 2014: Rescuers are sifting through mud for a second day after a deadly landslide in Badakhshan - June 2014 Baghlan floods - 7 June 2014: Flooding in Baghlan province kills more than 80 people and forces thousands to flee their homes
July 2018 landslide: 12 juillet 2018: Une coulée de boue provoquée par le débordement d'un lac de montagne a fait au moins 10 morts et emporté des centaines de maisons dans la vallée du Panjshir, selon le ministère de la gestion des catastrophes naturelles
1 August 2021 death toll in Afghanistan floods tops 100: 1 August 2021: Death toll in Afghanistan floods tops 100, as another 110 people are missing and 34 wounded in Nuristan province’s Kamdesh district as rescue operations continue
Avalanches and weather events in Afghanistan: Avalanches in Afghanistan - Weather events in Afghanistan
2008 blizzard: 2008 Afghanistan blizzard
2015 avalanches: In February 2015 a total of 40 avalanches in Panjshir Province, Afghanistan killed at least 310 people, and another 129 were wounded
2017 avalanches: 4 février 2017: Les avalanches et le froid ont tué plus d'une vingtaine de personnes en deux jours en Afghanistan, dont des femmes et des enfants
13 January 2020 severe winter kills 48 people in Afghanistan and Pakistan: 13 January 2020: Severe winter weather has struck parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan, with heavy snowfall, rains and flash floods that left at least 48 people dead
Earthquakes in Afghanistan: Earthquakes in Afghanistan
October 2015 Afghanistan earthquake: October 2015 Afghanistan earthquake - 26 October 2015: Afghanistan, India and Pakistan rocked by earthquake


Armenia - Geography of Armenia - History of Armenia - Demographics of Armenia
Economy of Armenia: Economy of Armenia - main industries include diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy - List of companies of Armenia
Industry in Armenia: Industry in Armenia - Companies of Armenia by industry
USA-owned firms in Armenia: Armenia-USA economic relations, as approximately 70 USA-owned firms currently do business in Armenia, including Dell, Microsoft, IBM, and as recent major USA investment projects include the Hotel Armenia/Marriott, the Hotel Ani Plaza, Tufenkian Holdings (carpet and furnishing production, hotels, and construction), several subsidiaries of USA-based information technology firms, including Viasphere Technopark, an IT incubator, Synopsys, jewelry and textile production facilities, several copper and molybdenum mining companies, and the Hovnanian International Construction Company
Mineral industry and mines in Armenia: Mineral industry is one of the main sectors of the Armenian economy and as of 2011 accounted for over half of the country's exports - Mines in Armenia
Copper mines in Armenia: Copper mines in Armenia - Ankasar mine having estimated reserves of 1.2 billion tonnes of ore grading 0.49% copper and 0.2% molybdenum - Kajaran copper and molybdenum mine
Gold and iron mines in Armenia: Kapan mine is one of the largest gold mines in the Armenia and in the world - Svarants mine having estimated reserves of 1.5 billion tonnes of ore grading 40% iron
Agriculture in Armenia: Agriculture in Armenia - in 2006 46% of the work force was employed in agriculture and agriculture contributed 21% of the country's GDP - principal agricultural products are grains, potatoes, vegetables, grapes and fruits - Armenian wine
Water in Armenia: Water in Armenia
Rivers and lakes of Armenia: Rivers and lakes of Armenia
Water supply and sanitation in Armenia: Water supply and sanitation in Armenia - Water privatization in Armenia
Tourism in Armenia: Tourism in Armenia - Visitor attractions in Armenia - World Heritage Sites in Armenia
Banking in Armenia: Banking in Armenia - List of banks in Armenia
Central Bank of Armenia: Central Bank of Armenia
2015-2017 Strategy for Maintaining Financial Stability: 2015-2017 Strategy for Maintaining Financial Stability
Since 2001 'Armenia Securities Exchange AMX' stock exchange: Since 2001 'Armenia Securities Exchange AMX' and 'Funded Pension System', the only stock exchange currently operating in Armenia located in Yerevan
November 2007 OMX buys Armenian stock exchange: 21 November 2007: Nordic and Baltic stock exchange company OMX OMX.ST said it had bought the Armenian stock exchange and the Central Depository of Armenia, as terms were not disclosed - Nasdaq Nordic, the common name for the subsidiaries of Nasdaq, Inc. that provide financial services and operate marketplaces for 'securities' in the Nordic, Baltic, and Caucasian regions of Europe - 23 August 2016: Nordic Large Cap
17 February 2014 Armenia’s president supports cabinet in implementing the funded pension system reform: 17 February 2014: Armenia’s president Sargsyan has fully supported the cabinet in implementing the funded pension system reform
Since August 2016 Nordic Large Cap: 23 August 2016: Nordic Large Cap
Economic history of Armenia and economic cycles: Economic history of Armenia
Since 1991 history of the modern Armenian economy: Since 1991 history of the modern Armenian economy
2000-2019 growth, increase and decline of GDP in Armenia: 2000-2019 growth, increase and decline of GDP in Armenia
April 2020 unemployment rate of Armenia 18.964%: 20 April 2020: 2017-2020 unemployment rate of Armenia in percent of total labor force 17.800, 20.400, 17.707 and 18.964 today, according to the IMF
Wealth and billionaires in Armenia: Wealth in Armenia - Armenian billionaires
Karapetyan, political corruption of the Republican Party of Armenia and RPA-affiliated oligarchs: Samvel Karapetyan, a Russian-Armenian billionaire, who owns the Tashir Group conglomerate, in 2013 the richest ethnic Armenian in the world - Allegations of political corruption of the Republican Party of Armenia and RPA-affiliated oligarchs
January 2018 Karapetyan named in USA Treasury Department's 'Putin list': In January 2018 Karapetyan named by the USA Treasury Department in the 'Putin list', consisting of 114 senior political figures and 96 oligarchs, all of whom rose to prominence under Russian war criminal Vladimir Putin - 30 January 2018; The full 'Putin list' of Russian oligarchs and political figures released by the USA Treasury
9 May 2019 Samvel Karapetyan and Danil Khachaturov in USA black books: 9 May 2019: Samvel Karapetyan and Danil Khachaturov in USA black books
Labor in Armenia: Labor in Armenia - Trade unions in Armenia
Armenia's social protection system after 1990: Armenia's social protection system after 1990
Taxation and budget in Armenia: Taxation in Armenia
2013/2014 state budget increasing public spending by roughly 10%: 12 December 2013: Government pushed through the parliament its draft state budget 2014 that aims to maintain fiscal austerity while increasing public spending by roughly 10%
Armed Forces of Armenia: Armed Forces of Armenia
Politics of Armenia: Politics of Armenia - 1995 Constitution of Armenia
Political parties snf programs of political parties in Armeniain: List of political parties in Armenia - Programs of political parties in Armenia
Trade unions in Armenia: Trade unions in Armenia
Parliament and government of Armenia: National Assembly of Armenia - Government of the Republic of Armenia, an executive council of government ministers and one of the three main governmental branches headed by the Prime Minister of Armenia
Elections, referendums and politics in Armenia: Elections in Armenia
July 1995 Armenian constitutional referendum: 5 July 1995 Armenian constitutional referendum, changes to the constitution were approved by 70.3% of voters with a turnout of 55.6%, establishing Armenia as a democratic, sovereign, social, and constitutional state
November 2005 Armenian constitutional referendum: 27 November 2005 Armenian constitutional referendum
6 May 2012 Armenian parliamentary election: Armenian parliamentary election 6 May 2012 - 7 May: Partial results show 44.41% of the vote for President Serzh Sarkisian's Republican party
18 February 2013 Armenian presidential election: Armenian presidential election 18 February 2013 - 17 February: Armenia president predicted to dominate polls - 19 February: Incumbent Serzh Sargsyan garners over 58% of vote, official results show, amid claims of voting violations
December 2015 Armenian constitutional referendum: 6 December 2015 Armenian constitutional referendum, proposing amendments to the constitution that would transform the country into a parliamentary republic and abolish direct presidential elections
April 2016 tightened security after a massive explosion on a bus: 25/26 April 2016: President Sarkisian has ordered police to tighten security after a massive explosion on a bus killed at least two passengers and wounded seven others in Armenian capital Yerevan - 27 April: Explosion that devastated bus in Yerevan, killing two people and injuring seven, reportedly not the result of a terrorist attack
April 2017 Armenian parliamentary election: 2 April 2017 Armenian parliamentary election
March 2018 Armenian presidential election: 2 March 2018 Armenian presidential election, the first time in Armenia's history when the president was elected by the National Assembly instead of popular vote
March-October 2018 Armenian local elections: March-October 2018 Armenian local elections
March-May 2018 Armenian velvet revolution: March-May 2018 'Armenian Revolution', a series of anti-government protests staged by various political and civil groups led by a member of the Armenian parliament Nikol Pashinyan - head of the Civil Contract party -, as protests and marches took place initially in response to Serzh Sargsyan's third consecutive term as the most powerful figure in the government of Armenia and later against the Republican Party-controlled government in general, then declared as a 'Velvet Revolution'
April 2018 PM Sargsyan's resignation and Karen Karapetyan succeeded as acting PM: 23-25 April 2018: After PM Sargsyan announced his resignation and Karen Karapetyan succeeded Sargsyan as acting PM, Pashinian calls for renewed protests as talks with the Republican Party are cancelled - 26 April 2018: Armenia’s opposition secured another victory as the country’s parliament said it would hold a special session and new leader elections after weeks of protests and the resignation of its PM - 29 April 2018: Armenia’s ruling party will not put up a candidate for PM as it attempts to ease tensions after more than two weeks of street protests
1 May 2018 parliament's divisions: 1 mai 2018: Le parti au pouvoir a voté contre Nikol Pachinian, et sur les 100 députés ayant participé au scrutin 55 se sont exprimés contre et 45 pour la candidature du chef de la contestation antigouvernementale
2 May 2018 opposition protests: 2 May 2018: Opposition protests have resumed across the capital Yerevan and Armenia, bringing cities to standstill
8 May 2018 Pashinyan beomces PM: 8 mai 2018: Le député Nikol Pachinian, un ancien journaliste et opposant de longue date, est devenu mardi le nouveau Premier ministre de l'Arménie, après avoir mené des manifestations antigouvernementales pendant une vingtaine de jours
20-27 May 2018 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes: 20-27 May 2018 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes
September 2018 Yerevan City Council election: 23 September 2018 Yerevan City Council election
October 2018 demonstrations demanding the dissolution of the National Assembly of Armenia: 2 October 2018 protest, as demonstrations demanding the dissolution of the National Assembly of Armenia were held in the capital Yerevan and at other locations in Armenia in response to a vote by the National Assembly to block PM Pashinyan from disbanding the legislature and holding an election
November 2018: 1 novembre 2018: Le parlement d'Arménie a été dissout faute d'avoir réussi à désigner un premier ministre, législatives anticipées en décembre
December 2018 Armenian parliamentary election: 9 December 2018 Armenian parliamentary election - 10 December 2018: PM Nikol Pashinian wins convincing victory, as alliance, which includes Pashinyan’s Civil Contract Party, gets 70.4% of the vote on Sunday based on results from all polling stations
Since 14 January 2019 second Pashinyan government after 'My Step Alliance' decisive victory in 2018 elections: Since 14 January 2019 second Pashinyan government is the current government of Armenia, as Nikol Pashinyan was appointed PM by president Sarkissian after 'My Step Alliance' decisive victory in parliamentary elections
5 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN demanded an immediate end to fighting in September: 5 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN Security Council on 30 September called for an immediate end to fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh
12 November 2020 PM Pashinyan under pressure: 12 novembre 2020: L’opposition arménienne tentait de mobiliser contre le Premier ministre Nikol Pachinian, l’accusant d’avoir trahi son pays en signant l’arrêt des hostilités au Nagorny Karabakh et en acceptant la rétrocession de vastes territoires à l’ennemi azerbaïdjanais
15 November 2020 Armenia says assassination attempt on PM thwarted as nation counts victims of Armenia/Azerbaijan war: 15 November 2020: Armenia says assassination attempt on PM thwarted, as former head of Armenia’s National Security Service Artur Vanetsyan was arrested on Saturday on charges of plotting to seize power, and as nation admits over 2,000 soldiers killed in nearly two months of clashes, and at least 143 civilians confirmed dead in fighting
Since 25 February 2021 alleged Armenian coup d'état attempt: Since 25 February 2021 alleged Armenian coup d'état attempt, as protesters barricaded streets around parliament overnight and set up tents to add pressure on the government to step aside, and as another protest was called for the next day
20 June 2021 Armenian parliamentary election: 20 June 2021 Armenian parliamentary election, and 28 participating political forces - Opinion polls for June 2021 parliamentary election - 20 June 2021 voting was underway in a parliamentary election in Armenia on Sunday
22 June 2021 many soldiers still missing since winter war as government remains unchallenged in Sunday's election: 22 June 2021: 8 months after the end of the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh that left more than 5,000 people dead, many soldiers are still missing, as in Armenia, families are desperately looking for news about their loved ones, and there is a growing lack of trust around DNA tests, a lack of information, leading to mounting pressure on a government, that remained unchallenged in Sunday's election - 22 juin 2021: L’ex-président arménien Robert Kotcharian, largement battu par le PM sortant Nikol Pachinian aux législatives, a annoncé mardi son intention de contester en justice les résultats du scrutin, brandissant la menace de manifestations
Protests and social movements in Armenia: Protests in Armenia
2011 Armenian protests: 2011 Armenian protests
2013 Armenian protests: 2013 Armenian protests
2014: 11 October 2014: Over 10,000 opposition supporters rallied in the Armenian capital demanding a change in government and accusing the present rulers of failing to stem poverty and corruption
2015: 15 January: Thousands demonstrate against Kremlin influence after a Russian soldier is accused of killing a family of six - 24 June 2015: Armenia protests over steep increase in electricity prices by 17 to 22%, at the request of Electric Networks of Armenia owned by the Russian company Inter RAO, escalate after police turn on demonstrators and Russian regime compares demonstrations to Maidan movement in Ukraine - 28 June: Demonstrators welcome government's news, saying the president's concessions fell short of their demands for the planned price hikes of almost 20% to be fully reversed - 29 June: Activists remained overnight on the streets of multiple cities in Armenia with compromise proposals by the president failing to disperse protesters - 4 July 2015: Armenia opens probe into police violence against protesters
March-May 2018 Armenian 'velvet revolution': March-May 2018 'Armenian Revolution', a series of anti-government protests staged by various political and civil groups led by a member of the Armenian parliament Nikol Pashinyan - head of the Civil Contract party -, as protests and marches took place initially in response to Serzh Sargsyan's third consecutive term as the most powerful figure in the government of Armenia and later against the Republican Party-controlled government in general, then declared as a 'Velvet Revolution'
April 2018 Armenian protests: April 2018 Armenian protests, as various political and civil groups staged anti-government rallies and marches in Armenia since 12 April
23 April 2018: 23 April 2018: A large group of unarmed Armenian soldiers joined anti-government protests in Yerevan in a development the Armenian military said was illegal and would be harshly punished - 23 avril 2018: Le principal opposant arménien a été libéré
24 April 2018: 24 April 2018: A day after protests forced Serzh Sargsyan from office, tens of thousands march in a column in remembrance of the victims of the Armenian genocide - 24 April 2018: Pashinian calls for fresh elections and peaceful transition
25 April 2018: 25 April 2018: Opposition protests have resumed in Yerevan after talks broke down between the ruling Republican party and the opposition, which forced PM Sargsyan to resign on Monday
May 2018: 2 May 2018: Tens of thousands of people have converged on the Armenian capital, blocking roads and government buildings, after the ruling party rejected the opposition leader Nikol Pashinyan’s bid to become PM
October 2018 demonstrations demanding the dissolution of the National Assembly of Armenia: 2 October 2018 protest, as demonstrations demanding the dissolution of the National Assembly of Armenia were held in the capital Yerevan and at other locations in Armenia in response to a vote by the National Assembly to block PM Pashinyan from disbanding the legislature and holding an election
Summer 2020 impact of Armenian revolution during Belarusian protests: Since summer 2020 during the 2020 Belarusian protests, the Armenian revolution was brought up as a model for Belarus for it lack of anti-Russian or pro-Western geopolitical orientation by commentators, but others rejected and criticized the notion
5 December 2020 Armenian protesters demand prime minister quit over conflict with Nagorno-Karabakh: 5 December 2020: Tens of thousands of opposition supporters have marched through the Armenian capital to call for the resignation of the country’s prime minister because of his handling of the conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, as several priests of the 'Armenian Apostolic church' joined the protest, denouncing Pashinyan for allowing Azerbaijan to take over some 'holy sites'
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Armenia: Armenian society
Human rights in Armenia: Human rights in Armenia - Religion in Armenia - Freedom of religion in Armenia
Municipalities and provinces of Armenia: Municipalities and provinces of Armenia - First-level administrative divisions of Armenia and capitals
Gegharkunik province: Gegharkunik province of Armenia with its capital and largest city of Gavar, as Gegharkunik Province is located at the eastern part of Armenia, bordering Azerbaijan and the Shahumyan Region, and the largest province in Armenia
Cities and towns in Armenia: List of cities and towns in Armenia
Yerevan city: Yerevan city, the capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities, situated along the Hrazdan River, as Yerevan is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country and the capital since 1918
Timeline of Yerevan since 782 BCE: Timeline of Yerevan since 782 BCE as settlement was founded by Argishti I of Urartu
Since 590 Katoghike Tsiranavor Church of Avan: Since 590 Katoghike Tsiranavor Church of Avan, a ruined 6th century church located in the Avan district of Yerevan, the oldest surviving church inside Yerevan's city limits
Since 1582/1583 Ottoman empire's Erivan Fortress: Since 1582/1583 Ottoman empire's Erivan Fortress, a 16th-century fortress in Yerevan built during the Ottoman rule but destroyed by an earthquake in 1679 and in 1853 ruined by another earthquake, as in 1865 the territory of the fortress was purchased by a merchant of the first guild who later built a brandy factory in the northern part of the fortress, completely demolished in 1930s
October 1827 capture of Erivan during the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28: October 1827 capture of Erivan during the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28, as the city fell to the Russian empire after being besieged for a week and opened up the path for the eventual capture of Tabriz, the second largest city in Iran and an important trading post
1828 Erivan Khanate (present-day Armenia) and Nakhichevan Khanate (present-day Azerbaijan) ceded to the Russian Empire: February 1828 Treaty of Turkmenchay as the Erivan Khanate (present-day Armenia) and Nakhichevan Khanate (present-day Azerbaijan) were ceded to the Russian Empire
1920-1991 Erivan capital of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic and media: 1920 Erivan becomes capital of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic until 1991 - Since 1926 Public Radio of Armenia, a public radio broadcaster in that was established in 1926 and remains one of the largest broadcasters in the country with three national channels, as the agency also has the country's largest sound archives, example also for media in other countries and cities in a manner depending on your orientation, state of the art and source location - Radio Yerevan jokes, also known as the Armenian Radio jokes, have been popular in the Soviet Union and other countries of the former Communist Eastern bloc since the second half of the 20th century
1965 Yerevan demonstrations: April 1965 Yerevan demonstrations, considered the first step in the struggle for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide of 1915
1991 Armenian independence referendum: 1991 Armenian independence referendum
Demographics and ethnic groups in Armenia: Demographics of Armenia - Ethnic groups in Armenia - Ethnic minorities in Armenia
Culture and languages of Armenia: Culture of Armenia - Languages of Armenia - List of museums in Armenia
Education in Armenia: Education in Armenia - Schools in Armenia - Universities in Armenia
Health in Armenia: Health in Armenia
Media in Armenia: Armenian media - List of newspapers in Armenia
Crime in Armenia: Crime in Armenia
Corruption in Armenia: Corruption in Armenia - June 2014: Corruption reportedly remains pervasive in Armenia's judiciary, tax, customs and regulatory rules remain non-transparent and instances of unfair tender processes and preferential treatment within the Armenian procurement system persist
Human trafficking in Armenia: Human trafficking in Armenia
Terrorism in Armenia: Terrorism in Armenia - 27 October 1999 Armenian parliament shooting
Foreign relations of Armenia: Foreign relations of Armenia
Treaties of Armenia: Treaties of Armenia
Armenia and the United Nations: Armenia and the United Nations
Since 20th century Nagorno-Karabakh religious, ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan: Since 20th century Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, an religious, ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding districts, which are internationally recognized as de jure part of Azerbaijan
2008 UN resolution which 'reaffirmed Azerbaijan's territorial integrity': March 2008 UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which 'reaffirmed Azerbaijan's territorial integrity, expressing support for that country's internationally recognized borders and demanding the immediate withdrawal of all Armenian forces from all occupied territories there', adopted by a vote of 39 in favor to 7 against, while most countries either abstained or were absent
Bilateral relations of Armenia: Bilateral relations of Armenia
Armenia/Azerbaijan relations: Armenia/Azerbaijan relations - Armenians in Azerbaijan - Armenians once formed a sizable community in Baku but most Armenians fled the city in 1990 - Azerbaijanis in Armenia, since 1988–1991 most Azerbaijanis fled the country as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh War
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and war 1988-1994 - 20 July 2012: Wahlsieg von Amtsinhaber Saakjan in Präsidentschaftswahlen - Kämpfe mit aserbeidschanischen Truppen
2012 song contest and clashes: Armenia/Azerbaijan relations in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 - 6 June 2012: Deadly clashes along Azeri-Armenia border
2014 clashes: 4 August 2014: Bloody clashes between Azerbaijan and Armenia over disputed territory
2015 Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election: 3 May 2015 Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election - 4 May 2015: European Union, USA, Azerbaijan and Turkey don't recognise 'the constitutional and legal framework' of Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election
2016 clashes and OSCE-backed peace talks: 2/3 April 2016: More than 30 people killed in clashes over separatist enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in the Armenian-Azerbaijan conflict - 5 avril 2016: Après 64 personnes ont trouvé la mort un accord a été trouvé pour faire cesser les combats dans la région du Nagorny-Karabakh - 26 April: Nagorno-Karabakh says two soldiers killed by gunfire from Azerbaijan - 27 April 2016: Nagorno-Karabakh says one soldier killed by Azeri gunfire - 17 May 2016: Armenia and Azerbaijan to hold OSCE-backed peace talks on Nagorno-Karabakh
March/April 2020 Artsakhian general election: 31 March 2020, 14 April 2020 second round of Artsakhian general election
July 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes: July 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes near Tavush, when four Azeris were reportedly killed, and an Armenian fortification was reportedly destroyed by Azerbaijan - 14 July 2020: At least 16 people have been killed in fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan forces in the worst outbreak of hostilities in years, after skirmishes on the volatile border began on Sunday
Since 27 September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Since 27 September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the ongoing armed conflict between the Azerbaijani and Armenian armed forces in Nagorno-Karabakh, as clashes began in the morning of 27 September 2020 along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact and both sides reported military and civilian casualties
27 September 2020 Armenia imposes martial law after clashes with Azerbaijan: 27 September 2020: Armenia has declared martial law and ordered the total mobilisation of its military after claiming to have destroyed several Azerbaijani aircraft and tanks in clashes over a disputed region
28 September clashes in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: 28 September clashes in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
29 September casualties in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh religious war: 29 September casualties in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh religious war, already including many civilian victims
30 September 2020 clashes continued with lesser intensity overnight: 30 September 2020 clashes continued with lesser intensity overnight in Nagorno-Karabakh
1 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 1 October 2020: Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue
4 October 2020 after UN demanded an immediate end to fighting in September Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 4 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN Security Council on 30 September called for an immediate end to fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh
5 October 2020 fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan has escalated: 5 October 2020: Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh has escalated dramatically after Baku accused Armenian forces of firing rockets at Azerbaijan’s second largest city of Ganja, which lies outside the contested territory - 5 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN Security Council on 30 September called for an immediate end to fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh
6 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 6 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue
7 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan conflict continues: 7 octobre 2020: La moitié de la population du Karabakh déplacée
8 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes and diplaced people: 8 October 2020: Half of Nagorno-Karabakh population displaced by Armenia and Azerbaijan clashes - 8 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes
9 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 9 October 2020: Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue, as civilian and military casualties are rising
10 October 2020 shaky ceasefire between Azerbaijan and ethnic Armenian forces: 10 October 2020: A shaky ceasefire between Azerbaijan and ethnic Armenian forces in Nagorno-Karabakh entered into force on Saturday after a deal was struck in Moscow between Baku and Armenia to allow prisoners and the bodies of the dead to be exchanged, but it is unclear how long the calm will last amid claims that both sides have already breached ceasefire
Since 10 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan ceasefire and violations: Since 10 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan ceasefire and violations
11 October 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh truce in jeopardy: 11 October 2020: Nagorno-Karabakh truce in jeopardy as accusations of violations fly, as Armenia and Azerbaijan accuse each other shelling civilian areas and escalating clashes, and as Azerbaijan’s foreign ministry said that overnight shelling by Armenian forces on country’s second largest city Ganja had left 7 people dead and 33 wounded including children, less than 24 hours after the halt to fighting was supposed to take effect - Armenia/Azerbaijan 11 October clashes
12 October 2020 new attacks increase strains on Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire: 12 October 2020: Azeri and ethnic Armenian forces accused each other on Monday of launching new attacks in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, increasing pressure on a humanitarian ceasefire intended to stop the heaviest fighting over the enclave for more than 25 years
13 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes: 13 octobre 2020: Forces séparatistes arméniennes du Nagorny Karabakh et armée azerbaïdjanaise combattaient toujours mardi sur plusieurs secteurs du front - 13 October 2020: Artsakh military death toll reaches 532
14 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: Clashes continued into 14 October, with situation in Aghdara, Aghdam, Fizuli, Hadrut, and Jabrayil districts remaining tense, according to Azerbaijan, also stating that the Armenian forces were shelling Tartar, Aghdam, and Aghjabedi districts - 14 October 2020: Eight more villages liberated from Armenian occupation, Azerbaijan says
16 October 2020 ongoing ceasefire violations: 16 October 2020: Azerbaijan's Hikmat Hajiyev says Armenia missile attack on Ordubad region in Nakhchivan testifies that Armenia tries to enlarge geographical scope of conflict
17 October 2020 Azerbaijan says 12 civilians killed by shelling in Ganja: 17 October 2020: Azerbaijan says 12 civilians killed by shelling in Ganja, as rescuers pull men, women and children out of rows of houses turned to rubble and people died with 40 more wounded in a sharp escalation of the conflict with Armenia over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh
18 October 2020 Armenia and Azerbaijan accuse each other of breaking fresh truce: 18 October 2020: Armenia and Azerbaijan accuse each other of breaking fresh truce, as Armenia says it was shelled twice, while Azerbaijan says mortars and artillery were used against it
19 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 19 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue
25 October 2020 Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes continue with varying intensity: 25 October 2020 Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes continue with varying intensity
26 October 2020 Azerbaijan and Armenian have accused each other of violating new ceasefire: 26 October 2020: Azerbaijan and Armenian have accused each other of violating new ceasefire in the countries’ conflict over the mountainous enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, after truce, brokered by the USA and other western powers, had only just come into effect at 8am local time on Monday
27 October 2020 Armenia accused of deadly missile attack: 27 octobre 2020: L’Azerbaïdjan a accusé mardi l’Arménie d’avoir tiré un missile sur la région azerbaïdjanaise de Barda, proche du Nagorny Karabakh en guerre, ayant tué quatre civils et fait une dizaine de blessés - 27 October 2020: With clashes over the disputed Caucasus region entering a second month, international mediators are pushing to bring a stop to frontline clashes and shelling of civilian areas that have left hundreds dead
28 October 2020 more victims of deadly missile attack: 28 octobre 2020: L’Azerbaïdjan a accusé mercredi l’Arménie d’avoir tué 19 civils dans une attaque de missiles sur la région de Barda, une ville proche du front au Nagorny Karabakh
31 October 2020 Armenia demands Putin regime's support: 31 octobre 2020: Le Premier ministre arménien Pachinian a demandé samedi au Poutine d’entamer des consultations 'urgentes' sur l’aide que pourrait fournir la Russie pour assurer la sécurité de son pays, en conflit avec l’Azerbaïdjan sur le Nagorny Karabakh
1 November 2020 Azerbaijan rejects Russian intervention: 1 novembre 2020: Bakou assure que Moscou n’a pas de raison d’intervenir, déclarant mener des opérations militaires uniquement sur son territoire et n’a pas l’intention d’attaquer militairement l’Arménie
7 November 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 7 novembre 2020: Des troupes azerbaïdjanaises s’opposent aux soldats de la république sécessionniste du Nagorny Karabakh autour de Choucha, ville clé ouvrant la route à l’Arménie vers la capitale séparatiste Stepanakert
8 November 2020 Azerbaijan says it has taken Karabakh's Shusha: 8 November 2020: Azerbaijan says it has taken Karabakh's Shusha, the second-largest city in the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave, Armenia denies it
10 November 2020 Armenia signs 'painful' deal with Azerbaijan: 10 November 2020: After a string of Azerbaijani victories in its fight to retake disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region Armenia signs ‘painful’ deal with Azerbaijan, sparking outrage in Armenia, with angry protesters storming the government headquarters in Yerevan where they ransacked offices and broke windows
14 November 2020 Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh set fire to their homes rather than hand them to Azerbaijan: 14 novembre 2020: Avant de fuir vers l’Arménie suite à l’accord de paix signé entre Erevan et Bakou, des habitants du Nagorny Karabakh ont mis le feu à leurs habitations pour ne pas «les laisser» aux Azerbaïdjanais
20 November 2020 Azerbaijani troops enter first district handed over by Armenia: 20 November 2020: Azerbaijan said its troops have entered a district bordering Nagorno-Karabakh that has been handed back by Armenian separatists after almost 30 years as part of recent peace deal
12 December 2020 both sides blame each other over ceasefire violations: 12 December 2020: Armenian officials and Azerbaijan accused each other of breaching a peace deal that ended six weeks of fierce fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh, with Azerbaijan’s leader threatening to crush Armenian forces with an 'iron fist', as new clashes mark the first significant breach of the peace deal
Armenia/European Union relations: Armenia/European Union relations - Since 2009 'Eastern Partnership' initiative of the EU with the post-Soviet states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine - 15 April 2015: During its plenary session of the European Parliament an unprecedented number of members took the stage and showed their solidarity to the Armenian nation, supporting a resolution to recognize the Armenan Genocide during WW I, despite undermining by German SPD-Schulz
Armenia/Georgia relations: Armenia/Georgia relations
Armenia/Germany relations: Armenia/Germany relations
Armenians in Germany: Armenians in Germany are ethnic Armenians living within the modern republic of Germany, and like much of the Armenian diaspora, most Armenians immigrated to Germany after the Armenian Genocide of 1915
Armenian Genocide 1915-1923: Armenian Genocide 1915-1923 - 13 July 1919: Germany confesses in a secret record, printed at Potsdam, her Turkish partner's crimes in Armenia and its attempt to destroy a whole people - 17 February 2007: Germany, Turkey and the Armenian Genocide - a documentary of the Armenian genocide - 21 October 2012: Photograph of 1915 links Germans to 1915 Armenia genocide by the Ottoman Turks during World War I
April 2015: 15 April 2015: Armenian genocide should be called what it was and the German government has a special responsibility, because German officers were among the accessories and accomplices, the Central Council of Jews in Germany says - 17 April 2015: SPD-Steinmeier avoids to say 'genocide' for genocide of Armenians, because his party supported World War I from German beginning to end and therefore the war crimes - 17 April 2015: SPD-Schulz disassociates himself from European Parliament's resolution recognizing the Armenan Genocide, because his party supported World War I from German beginning to end and hence the war crimes
2016/December 2017 'Justifying Genocide: Germany and the Armenians from Bismarck to Hitler': 'Justifying Genocide: Germany and the Armenians from Bismarck to Hitler' , a 2016 book by the professor of history at the University of Haifa Stefan Ihrig, which shows how violence against the Ottoman Armenians, from the 1890s massacres to the Armenian Genocide, influenced Germany, illustrating how the topic was debated in Germany after World War I and how these debates and historical perceptions influenced the Holocaust - 18 December 2017: Stefan Ihrig and Abraham Terian receive NAASR’s Aronian Armenian Studies book prizes
Armenia/Iran relations: Armenia/Iran relations - Iranian Armenians - Armenian diaspora in the Middle East
Armenia/Israel relations: Armenia/Israel relations
History of the Jews in Armenia dating back more than 2,000 years: History of the Jews in Armenia dating back more than 2,000 years, as by 360–370 AD there was a massive increase in Jewish Hellenistic immigration into Armenia, and many Armenian towns became predominately Jewish
Armenians in Israel and Jerusalem's Armenian Quarter: Armenians in Israel, some of whom hold Israeli citizenship, as in 1986 an estimated 1,500 Armenians lived in the city of Jerusalem, as according to a 2006 survey, 790 Armenians lived in Jerusalem's Old City, and as in 2015 the 'Times of Israel' published an article with an estimate of up to 10,000 Armenians living across Israel - Dating back to the 4th century AD, Jerusalem's Armenian Quarter, one of the four quarters of the walled Old City of Jerusalem, that occupies an area of 0.126 km² or 14% of the Old City's total, with a population of 2,424 citziens (6.55% of Old City's total) in 2007
Since 4th/5th century history of Jewish-Armenian relations after Roman empire's destruction of Jerusalem: History of Jewish-Armenian relations since the early 4th century, as kingdom of Armenia became the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion, and as a large number of Armenian monks are recorded to have settled in Jerusalem, destructed by the Roman empire, as early as the 4th century, as Jerusalem is thus considered the oldest living 'diaspora' community outside the Armenian homeland, but the first written records are from the 5th century
1914-1918 German and Ottoman empires' World War I and Armenians in Palestine mostly in Jerusalem: 1914-1918 German and Ottoman empire'a World War I, British and Jordanian periods, and 2,000–3,000 Armenians in Palestine, mostly in Jerusalem
1947 around 1,500 Armenians from Palestine repatriated to Soviet Armenia: In 1947 around 1,500 Armenians from Palestine repatriated to Soviet Armenia as part of the Soviet government's efforts to boost Armenia's population by a large-scale repatriation of ethnic Armenians, mostly from the Middle East
1959-2020 increase and decline of Armenia's Jewish population: In 1959 the Jewish population peaked in Soviet Armenia at approximately 10,000 people, and another wave of Jewish immigrants arrived in the country between 1965 and 1972 mostly from Russia and Ukraine, however with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 many of them left due to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as between 1992 and 1994, more than 6,000 Jews immigrated to Israel because of Armenia's political isolation and economic depression, and as today the country's Jewish population has shrunk to around 750
January 2005 mounting anti-Semitism in Armenia: 26 January 2005: Armenia’s tiny Jewish community is growing concerned by what it says is mounting anti-Semitism in the South Caucasus country, as virtually not existenting in the past the issue has emerged over the past year amid a rise in anti-Jewish propaganda and the desecration of a Holocaust memorial in Yerevan, and as Armenian government has so far done little to address the Jewish community's concerns
April 2015 Israel sends delegation to Armenian genocide ceremony: 22 April 2015: Israel sends delegation to Armenian genocide ceremony over the weekend, marking the remembrance of the mass murder of Armenians by Turkish forces during World War I
September 2020 Armenia–Israel economic relations: Armenia–Israel economic relations, as Armenia receives 4.8% of its imports from Israel, while Israel receives 7.1% of Armenia's exports, according to September 2020 CIA World Factbook concerning Armenia
2 October 2020 Armenia recalls ambassador from Israel to protest sale of weapons to Azerbaijan: 2 October 2020: Armenia recalls ambassador from Israel to protest sale of weapons to Azerbaijan, as clashes between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces continued for a fifth straight day on Thursday, in the biggest escalation in years of a decades-old conflict that has killed dozens and left scores of others wounded
Armenia/Kurdistan relations: Armenia/Kurdistan relations - Kurdish recognition of the Armenian genocide
Armenia/Lebanon relations: Armenia/Lebanon relations - Armenians in Lebanon - Armenian diaspora in the Middle East - 11 May 2000: Lebanese parliament voted to recognize the Armenian genocide
Armenia/Russia relations: Armenia/Russia relations
April 1965 Yerevan commemorates 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide during WWI: April 1965 Yerevan demonstrations on the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide
2015 Russia accused of killing a family of six: 15 January 2015: Thousands demonstrate against Kremlin influence after a Russian soldier is accused of killing a family of six
May 2016 Russia sued by Armenian family massacred by military in 2015: 28 May 2016: Russia sued by relatives of Armenian Avetisyan family, massacred by Russian soldier Valery Permyakov in 2015
Armenia/Syria relations: Armenia/Syria relations
Armenians in Syria, churches and Armenian diaspora in the Middle East: Armenians in Syria - Armenian Apostolic churches in Syria - Armenian churches in Syria - Armenian diaspora in the Middle East
Since 1491 'Forty Martyrs Armenian Cathedral' of Aleppo to commemorate Armenian victims of WWI: Since 1491 'Forty Martyrs Armenian Cathedral' of Aleppo, a 15th-century Armenian Apostolic church located in the old Christian quarter of Jdeydeh
1991-2014 Armenian Genocide Martyrs' Memorial in Deir ez-Zor: 1991-2014 Armenian Genocide Martyrs' Memorial in Deir ez-Zor, a complex dedicated to victims of the Armenian Genocide, consecrated on 4 May 1991 by Catholicos Karekin II of the Armenian Catholicosate of Cilicia - Monument and Memorial Complex at Der Zor, Syria, to commemorate the victims of the 1915 Armenian Genocide during Ottoman and German empires' World War I
September 2014 Armenian Genocide Martyrs' Memorial in Deir ez-Zor blown up by terrorists: 21 September 2014: Armenian Genocide Martyrs' Memorial in Deir ez-Zor blown up by terrorists, as reports blamed the destruction on militants belonging to Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Since 2011 Armenia maintains diplomatic relations with Assad's regime: Since 2011 despite Assad regime's war against the Syrian people since protests rejecting dictatorship, the Armenian embassy is still open in Damascus and the country maintains diplomatic relations with Assad's regime
Armenia/Turkey relations: Armenia/Turkey relations
Armenian Genocide 1915-1923: Armenian Genocide 1915-1923 - Witnesses and testimonies of the Armenian Genocide - 13 July 1919: Germany confesses in a secret record, printed at Potsdam, her Turkish partner's crimes in Armenia and its attempt to destroy a whole people - 17 February 2007: Germany, Turkey and the Armenian Genocide - a documentary of the Armenian genocide - 21 October 2012: Photograph of 1915 links Germans to 1915 Armenia genocide by the Ottoman Turks during World War I
Since 1919: 24 April Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day since 1919 - April 1965 Yerevan demonstrations on the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide - Armenian Genocide memorial complex is Armenia's official memorial dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide, built in 1967 on the hill of Tsitsernakaberd in Yerevan - Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute was opened in 1995
International Armenian Genocide recognition and Turkey's denial: International Armenian Genocide recognition - The governments of Turkey and Azerbaijan deny that the Ottoman authorities attempted to exterminate the Armenian people
2015: 17 April 2015: Turkey has never accepted the term genocide for its war crime against Armenians, even though historians have demolished its denial of responsibility for up to 1.5 million deaths - Commemoration of 100 years of the Armenian Genocide 24 April 2015 - 24 April 2015: Armenian genocide survivor's vivid memories of the day the soldiers came - 24 April: Armenian genocide survivors' stories - 25 April 2015: As Armenia marks 1915 massacre, it is also called genocide in Turkey's World War I partner Germany
Armenia/United Kingdom relations: Armenia/United Kingdom relations since United Kingdom recognised Armenia on 31 December 1991
Since 19th century Armenian community of the UK: Since 19th century Armenian community of the UK, as in 1989 around 10,000 Armenians were living in Greater London thought to be first-generation immigrants from Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Cyprus, also including Armenians from Ethiopia, India, Egypt, Israel, as well as individuals from other countries
Armenian–British relations since 1890s and during Ottoman and German empires' World War I: Armenian–British relations
Armenia/USA relations: Armenia/USA relations
Armenian USA citizens: Armenian Americans, forming the second largest community of the Armenian diaspora after Armenians in Russia, as the first major wave of Armenian immigration took place in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
Armenia-USA economic relations and USA-owned firms in Armenia: Armenia-USA economic relations, as approximately 70 USA-owned firms currently do business in Armenia, including Dell, Microsoft, IBM, and as recent major USA investment projects include the Hotel Armenia/Marriott, the Hotel Ani Plaza, Tufenkian Holdings (carpet and furnishing production, hotels, and construction), several subsidiaries of USA-based information technology firms, including Viasphere Technopark, an IT incubator, Synopsys, jewelry and textile production facilities, several copper and molybdenum mining companies, and the Hovnanian International Construction Company


Azerbaijan - Geography of Azerbaijan - History of Azerbaijan - Demographics of Azerbaijan
Economy of Azerbaijan: Economy of Azerbaijan - main industries include petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, petrochemicals, oilfield equipment, steel, iron ore, machinery, cement, chemicals, textiles, cotton, foodstuffs - List of companies of Azerbaijan - Companies of Azerbaijan by industry
Petroleum industry in Azerbaijan: Petroleum industry in Azerbaijan - Oil fields of Azerbaijan - Oil and gas companies of Azerbaijan - Oil pipelines in Azerbaijan - Natural gas pipelines in Azerbaijan
2015: 21 September 2015: Azerbaijan expects to produce 40 million tonnes of oil and 30 bln cubic meters of gas in 2016, Azerbaijan's state energy company SOCAR says, roughly steady compared with 2015
5 December 2015: Thirty oil workers are missing, one person confirmed dead and 32 rescued, after the rig they were working on in the Caspian Sea was engulfed by fire - 5 December: Thirty-two workers have died after SOCAR's oil platform caught fire
Energy in Azerbaijan: Energy in Azerbaijan
Agriculture in Azerbaijan: Agriculture in Azerbaijan - major cash crops are cotton, tobacco, rice, grapes and fruits - Azerbaijani wine
Cotton production in Azerbaijan: Cotton production in Azerbaijan
Tourism in Azerbaijan: Tourism in Azerbaijan
Banking in Azerbaijan: Banking in Azerbaijan - List of banks in Azerbaijan - Central Bank of Azerbaijan since 1992 - Military history of Azerbaijan - Azerbaijan in World War II
Military in Azerbaijan: Azerbaijani Armed Forces
Taxation and budget in Azerbaijan: Taxation in Azerbaijan - 21 July 2014: Information about the state budget for six months of 2014
Politics of Azerbaijan: Politics of Azerbaijan - 1995/2009 Constitution of Azerbaijan
Political parties in Azerbaijan: List of political parties in Azerbaijan - Azerbaijan is a one party dominant state, as opposition parties against the New Azerbaijan Party are functioning, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power
Trade unions in Azerbaijan: Trade unions in Azerbaijan
Elections and politics in Azerbaijan: Elections in Azerbaijan
December 1991 Azerbaijani independence referendum: 29 December 1991 Azerbaijani independence referendum, three days after the collapse of the Soviet Union, with 99.8% of the vote in favour
November 1995 Azerbaijani constitutional referendum: 12 November 1995 Azerbaijani constitutional referendum
March 2009 Azerbaijani constitutional referendum: 18 March 2009 Azerbaijani constitutional referendum, consisting of 29 measures including a measure to abolish presidential term limits and a measure to greatly restrict press freedom
October 2013 Azerbaijani presidential election: Azerbaijani presidential election 9 October 2013 - 9 October: Azerbaijan votes in presidential election - 10 October 2013: Azerbaijan's Ilham Aliyev hails poll 'triumph' amid concerns
2015: 11 August 2015: Several rights groups call on authorities in Azerbaijan to conduct a full and transparent investigation into the murder of journalist Rasim Aliyev
November 2015 Azerbaijani parliamentary election: 1 November 2015 Azerbaijani parliamentary election - Results of the Azerbaijani parliamentary election in 2015 by constituency
April 2018 Azerbaijani presidential election: 11 April 2018 Azerbaijani presidential election - 12 April 2018: Supporters of Azerbaijan’s president forced election monitors to halt a news conference on Thursday where they were announcing they had found the election that gave Ilham Aliyev a fourth term undemocratic
February 2020 Azerbaijani parliamentary election: 9 February 2020 Azerbaijani parliamentary election, brought forward after parliament was dissolved in December 2019
5 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN demanded an immediate end to fighting in September: 5 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN Security Council on 30 September called for an immediate end to fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh
Social movements and protests in Azerbaijan: Protests in Azerbaijan
2011: 2011 Azerbaijani protests
2013: January 2013 Baku protests - 26 January 2013: Azerbaijan police brutally dispersed an unauthorised rally, protesting against the police using excessive force against peaceful protests, in central Baku, beating up and arresting scores of people
2015: 6 April 2015: About 1,000 Azeris held a rally on Sunday to protest against rising prices and a crackdown on human rights as economic problems mount ahead of a parliamentary election this year - 23 August 2015: Using tear gas and batons police in Azerbaijan broke up a protest and detained scores of participants in the town of Mingachevir two days after a young man died in custody after interrogation
2016: 15 January 2016: Azerbaijan forced to cut taxes on essential foods after widespread protests over deteriorating economic conditions that have seen the prices of essentials such as flour and bread rise steeply in recent months
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Azerbaijan: Azerbaijani society
Human rights in Azerbaijan: Human rights in Azerbaijan
Administrative divisions and districts of Azerbaijan: Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan - Districts of Azerbaijan
Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic: Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is a landlocked exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan, as the region covers 5,500 km2 with a population of 414,900 citizens, bordering Armenia to the east and north, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey to the northwest
Demographics of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic: Demographics of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, as in January 2018, Nakhchivan's population was estimated to be 452,831 citizens, and as most of the population are Azerbaijanis, who constituted 99% of the population in 1999, while ethnic Russians (0.15%) and a minority of Kurds (0.6%) constituted the remainder of the population
Economy of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic: Economy of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
Since 1991 history of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic: Since 1991 history of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
>Nakhchivan municipality and Nakhchivan capital city: Nakhchivan municipality, consisting of the city of Nakhchivan, the capital of the eponymous Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan, and the settlement of Oliabad, the villages of Basbasi, Bulqan, Haciniyyat, Qaraçuq, Qaraxanbayli, Tumbul, Qaragaliq, and Dasduz, spread over the foothills of Zangezur Mountains, on the right bank of the Nakhchivan River at an altitude of 873 m above sea level
Since 1967/1990 Nakhchivan State University: Since 1967 Nakhchivan State University, a public university located in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, founded as a part of the Azerbaijan Pedagogical Institute and becoming the Nakhchivan State University in 1990, with 290 faculty members and currently 3500 students - Affiliations, awards and international activity of the Nakhchivan State University
Cities in Azerbaijan: List of cities in Azerbaijan
Baku city: Baku city, the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000 people in 2015 - History of Baku - Education in Baku - Schools in Baku - List of universities in Baku
Economy of Baku: Economy of Baku - Companies based in Baku - Baku pipelines, including Baku-Novorossiysk, Baku-Supsa (Georgia) and Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (Turkey, since 2006) pipelines, starting from Baku and transport Azerbaijani oil to the world market
Since 2016 industry and industrial production indexes in Baku: Industry and industrial production indexes in Baku since 2016
Timeline of Baku since 12th century CE: Timeline of Baku since 12th century CE
October 1813 treaty of Gulistan between the Russian Empire and Iran: October 1813 treaty of Gulistan between the Russian Empire and Iran as a result of the first full-scale Russo-Persian War 1804-1813, as the treaty confirmed the ceding and inclusion of what is now Daghestan, eastern Georgia, most of the Republic of Azerbaijan and parts of northern Armenia from Iran into the Russian Empire
December 1991 Azerbaijani independence referendum: December 1991 Azerbaijani independence referendum three days after the collapse of the Soviet Union, as the result was 99.8% in favour, with turnout reported to be 95.3%
Ganja city: Ganja city, Azerbaijan's second largest city, with a population of around 332,600 citizens
Economy of Ganja-Gazakh economic region: Economy of Ganja, embracing the issues connected to the economy of the city of Ganja, as industry, tourism, agriculture, and transportation are the major branches of its economy, and as most of the total volume of industrial products is accounted for non-ferrous metallurgy, light and food industries, electronics industry and home appliances
Agriculture of Ganja-Gazakh economic region: Agriculture of Ganja, as the major agricultural specialization areas in Ganja are potatoes, viniculture and wheat cultivation, producing 13-14% of agricultural output in the republic, including 80-85% of potatoes, 28% of grapes, as 15% of livestock goods belongs to Ganja-Gazakh region's share along with the city of Ganja
Sumgayit city: Sumgayit city in Azerbaijan, located near the Caspian Sea, with a population of around 265,000 citizens, making it the third-largest city in Azerbaijan after the capital Baku and the city of Ganja
Economy of Sumgayit: Economy of Sumgayit, after in 1935 the Soviet government decided to develop heavy industry in the Absheron Peninsula and as Sumgayit was chosen based on its proximity to Baku and its key position on existing railroad lines
Demographics of Azerbaijan: Demographics of Azerbaijan
Ethnic groups and minorities in Azerbaijan: Ethnic groups in Azerbaijan - Ethnic minorities in Azerbaijan
Culture and languages of Azerbaijan: Culture of Azerbaijan - Languages of Azerbaijan
Women and women's rights in Azerbaijan: Women and women's rights in Azerbaijan, as women nominally enjoy the same legal rights as men, but societal discrimination remains a problem - Gender equality in Azerbaijan
Since 2006 Women's Media Watch Azerbaijan: Since 2006 Women's Media Watch Azerbaijan, uniting women journalists working in broadcast, print and on-line journalism in Azerbaijan, as the organization trains women journalists and NGOs to keep media outlets and decision makers accountable to the public interest, and as the goal of the organization is to increase women's presence in the public debate and strengthen women's role
Children's rights in Azerbaijan: Children's rights in Azerbaijan
Education in Azerbaijan: Education in Azerbaijan - Education in Baku
Schools in Azerbaijan: Schools in Azerbaijan - Schools in Baku
Universities in Azerbaijan: Universities in Azerbaijan - List of universities in Baku - Azerbaijan State Oil Academy since 1920
Science and technology in Azerbaijan: Science and technology in Azerbaijan
Health in Azerbaijan: Health in Azerbaijan
Disease outbreaks in Azerbaijan: Disease outbreaks in Azerbaijan
Since February 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Azerbaijan: Since February 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Azerbaijan, part of the worldwide pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS-CoV-2
June 2020 amid renewed covid-19 outbreak Azerbaijan introduces strict lockdown: 4 June 2020: Amid renewed covid-19 outbreak, Azerbaijan introduces strict lockdown, as the disease is spreading rapidly following the loosening of earlier restrictions
8 September 2020 Azerbaijan confirms 128 more covid-19 recoveries: 8 Septemer 2020: Azerbaijan has detected 139 new covid-19 cases, 128 patients have recovered and one patient has died, as up until now, 37,557 people have been infected in the country, 34,965 of them have recovered, and 552 people have died. Currently, and as 2,040 people are under treatment in special hospitals
Healthcare in Azerbaijan: Healthcare in Azerbaijan - Medicine in Azerbaijan - Medical and health organizations based in Azerbaijan
Hospitals in Azerbaijan: Hospitals in Azerbaijan
Sport in Azerbaijan: Sport in Azerbaijan - Sport in Azerbaijan by sport
International sports competitions hosted by Azerbaijan
2015: 28 May 2015: After a devastating blaze kills 16 people, residents are criticising Azerbaijan’s attempts to whitewash the city for its international visitors ahead of European Games
Azerbaijani media: Azerbaijani media - Freedom of the media in Azerbaijan
May 2015 Azerbaijan extends journalist Khadija Ismayilova's detention: 15 May 2015: Azerbaijan extends journalist Khadija Ismayilova's detention ahead of European Games as rights groups say charges against her are politically motivated because of reports exposing state corruption
August 2015 journalist Rasim Aliyev died in hospital after assault by six people: 11 August 2015: Rasim Aliyev, a journalist in Azerbaijan has died in hospital after being invited to meet football player Huseynov he had criticised on Facebook, but after arrival at the appointed place was assaulted by six people
Internet in Azerbaijan: Internet in Azerbaijan
Crime in Azerbaijan: Crime in Azerbaijan
War crimes and massacres in Azerbaijan: War crimes in Azerbaijan - List of massacres in Azerbaijan - 1918 September Days massacre of Baku refers to the Russian Civil War when Armenian inhabitants of Baku were massacred by Enver Pasha's Army of Islam - March 1920 Shusha massacre was the mass killing of the Armenian population of Shusha that followed the suppression of the Armenian revolt against the authorities of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic - January 1990 Baku pogrom was an anti-Armenian pogrom directed against the Armenian inhabitants of Baku - Black January 1990 was a violent crackdown pursuant to a state of emergency during the dissolution of the Soviet Union to stop pogroms and violence against the Armenian population in Baku - 1992 Khojaly massacre was the killing of Azerbaijani civilians by Armenian and CIS forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War - 1992 Maragha Massacre was the mass murder of Armenian civilians in the village Maragha by Azerbaijani troops in the course of the Nagorno-Karabakh War
Azerbaijani mafia: Azerbaijani mafia is a general term for organized criminal gangs, mostly based in Moscow and other major Russian cities
Terrorism in Azerbaijan: Terrorism in Azerbaijan
Corruption in Azerbaijan: Corruption in Azerbaijan
2012: 31 December 2012: Ilham Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan, has won the first ever Organized Crime and Corruption Person of the Year bestowed by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project
Law of Azerbaijan and legal history: Law of Azerbaijan - Constitution of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan legislation and Judicial–Legal Council: - Judicial–Legal Council
Judiciary of Azerbaijan: Judiciary of Azerbaijan
Law enforcement in Azerbaijan: Law enforcement in Azerbaijan
Foreign relations of Azerbaijan: Foreign relations of Azerbaijan
Treaties of Azerbaijan: Treaties of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan and the United Nations: Azerbaijan and the United Nations
Since 20th century Nagorno-Karabakh religious, ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan: Since 20th century Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, an religious, ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding districts, which are internationally recognized as de jure part of Azerbaijan
2008 UN resolution which 'reaffirmed Azerbaijan's territorial integrity': March 2008 UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which 'reaffirmed Azerbaijan's territorial integrity, expressing support for that country's internationally recognized borders and demanding the immediate withdrawal of all Armenian forces from all occupied territories there', adopted by a vote of 39 in favor to 7 against, while most countries either abstained or were absent
Bilateral relations of Azerbaijan: Bilateral relations of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan/Argentina relations: Azerbaijan/Argentina relations - Paraná–Uruguaiana pipeline
November 2019 Argentina asks Azerbaijan to arrest Iranian Velayati: 10 November 2019: Scheduled to attend the Second Summit of religious world leaders in Baku on November 14-15, Argentina has asked Azerbaijan to arrest high-level Iranian adviser Ali Akbar Velayati to the country’s supreme leader in connection with the bombing in 1994 of the Buenos Aires AMIA Jewish center, because Velayati was Iran’s foreign minister at the time of the terrorist attack and has been implicated in ordering the bombing
Azerbaijan/Armenia relations: Azerbaijan/Armenia relations - Armenians in Azerbaijan - Armenians once formed a sizable community in Baku but most Armenians fled the city in 1990 - Azerbaijanis in Armenia, since 1988–1991 most Azerbaijanis fled the country as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh War
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and war 1988-1994 - 20 July 2012: Wahlsieg von Amtsinhaber Saakjan in Präsidentschaftswahlen - Kämpfe mit aserbeidschanischen Truppen
2012 song contest and clashes: Armenia/Azerbaijan relations in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 - 6 June 2012: Deadly clashes along Azeri-Armenia border
2014 clashes: 4 August 2014: Bloody clashes between Azerbaijan and Armenia over disputed territory
2015 Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election: 3 May 2015 Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election - 4 May 2015: European Union, USA, Azerbaijan and Turkey don't recognise 'the constitutional and legal framework' of Nagorno-Karabakh parliamentary election
2016 clashes and OSCE-backed peace talks: 2/3 April 2016: More than 30 people killed in clashes over separatist enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in the Armenian-Azerbaijan conflict - 5 avril 2016: Après 64 personnes ont trouvé la mort un accord a été trouvé pour faire cesser les combats dans la région du Nagorny-Karabakh - 26 April: Nagorno-Karabakh says two soldiers killed by gunfire from Azerbaijan - 27 April 2016: Nagorno-Karabakh says one soldier killed by Azeri gunfire - 17 May 2016: Armenia and Azerbaijan to hold OSCE-backed peace talks on Nagorno-Karabakh
July 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes: July 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes near Tavush, when four Azeris were reportedly killed, and an Armenian fortification was reportedly destroyed by Azerbaijan - 14 July 2020: At least 16 people have been killed in fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan forces in the worst outbreak of hostilities in years, after skirmishes on the volatile border began on Sunday
Since 27 September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Since 27 September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the ongoing armed conflict between the Azerbaijani and Armenian armed forces in Nagorno-Karabakh, as clashes began in the morning of 27 September 2020 along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact and both sides reported military and civilian casualties
27 September 2020 Armenia imposes martial law after clashes with Azerbaijan: 27 September 2020: Armenia has declared martial law and ordered the total mobilisation of its military after claiming to have destroyed several Azerbaijani aircraft and tanks in clashes over a disputed region - 27 septembre 2020: L’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan étaient au bord de la guerre dimanche après de nouveaux combats entre les forces azerbaïdjanaises et la région séparatiste du Nagorny Karabakh soutenue par l’Arménie, qui ont fait au moins 23 morts et une centaine de blessés
28 September clashes in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: 28 September clashes in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
29 September casualties in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh religious war: 29 September casualties in the September 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh religious war, already including many civilian victims
30 September 2020 clashes continued with lesser intensity overnight: 30 September 2020 clashes continued with lesser intensity overnight in Nagorno-Karabakh
1 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 1 October 2020: Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue
4 October 2020 after UN demanded an immediate end to fighting in September Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 4 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN Security Council on 30 September called for an immediate end to fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh
5 October 2020 fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan has escalated: 5 October 2020: Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh has escalated dramatically after Baku accused Armenian forces of firing rockets at Azerbaijan’s second largest city of Ganja, which lies outside the contested territory - 5 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue after UN Security Council on 30 September called for an immediate end to fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh
6 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 6 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue
7 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan conflict continues: 7 octobre 2020: La moitié de la population du Karabakh déplacée
8 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes and diplaced people: 8 October 2020: Half of Nagorno-Karabakh population displaced by Armenia and Azerbaijan clashes - 8 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes
9 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 9 October 2020: Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue, as civilian and military casualties are rising
10 October 2020 shaky ceasefire between Azerbaijan and ethnic Armenian forces: 10 October 2020: A shaky ceasefire between Azerbaijan and ethnic Armenian forces in Nagorno-Karabakh entered into force on Saturday after a deal was struck in Moscow between Baku and Armenia to allow prisoners and the bodies of the dead to be exchanged, but it is unclear how long the calm will last amid claims that both sides have already breached ceasefire
Since 10 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan ceasefire and violations: Since 10 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan ceasefire and violations
11 October 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh truce in jeopardy: 11 October 2020: Nagorno-Karabakh truce in jeopardy as accusations of violations fly, as Armenia and Azerbaijan accuse each other shelling civilian areas and escalating clashes, and as Azerbaijan’s foreign ministry said that overnight shelling by Armenian forces on country’s second largest city Ganja had left 7 people dead and 33 wounded including children, less than 24 hours after the halt to fighting was supposed to take effect - Armenia/Azerbaijan 11 October clashes
12 October 2020 new attacks increase strains on Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire: 12 October 2020: Azeri and ethnic Armenian forces accused each other on Monday of launching new attacks in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, increasing pressure on a humanitarian ceasefire intended to stop the heaviest fighting over the enclave for more than 25 years
13 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes: 13 octobre 2020: Forces séparatistes arméniennes du Nagorny Karabakh et armée azerbaïdjanaise combattaient toujours mardi sur plusieurs secteurs du front - 13 October 2020: Artsakh military death toll reaches 532
14 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: Clashes continued into 14 October, with situation in Aghdara, Aghdam, Fizuli, Hadrut, and Jabrayil districts remaining tense, according to Azerbaijan, also stating that the Armenian forces were shelling Tartar, Aghdam, and Aghjabedi districts - 14 October 2020: Eight more villages liberated from Armenian occupation, Azerbaijan says
16 October 2020 ongoing ceasefire violations: 16 October 2020: Azerbaijan's Hikmat Hajiyev says Armenia missile attack on Ordubad region in Nakhchivan testifies that Armenia tries to enlarge geographical scope of conflict
17 October 2020 Azerbaijan says 12 civilians killed by shelling in Ganja: 17 October 2020: Azerbaijan says 12 civilians killed by shelling in Ganja, as rescuers pull men, women and children out of rows of houses turned to rubble and people died with 40 more wounded in a sharp escalation of the conflict with Armenia over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh
18 October 2020 Armenia and Azerbaijan accuse each other of breaking fresh truce: 18 October 2020: Armenia and Azerbaijan accuse each other of breaking fresh truce, as Armenia says it was shelled twice, while Azerbaijan says mortars and artillery were used against it
19 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 19 October 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue
25 October 2020 Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes continue with varying intensity: 25 October 2020 Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes continue with varying intensity
26 October 2020 Azerbaijan and Armenian have accused each other of violating new ceasefire: 26 October 2020: Azerbaijan and Armenian have accused each other of violating new ceasefire in the countries’ conflict over the mountainous enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, after truce, brokered by the USA and other western powers, had only just come into effect at 8am local time on Monday
27 October 2020 Armenia accused of deadly missile attack: 27 octobre 2020: L’Azerbaïdjan a accusé mardi l’Arménie d’avoir tiré un missile sur la région azerbaïdjanaise de Barda, proche du Nagorny Karabakh en guerre, ayant tué quatre civils et fait une dizaine de blessés - 27 October 2020: With clashes over the disputed Caucasus region entering a second month, international mediators are pushing to bring a stop to frontline clashes and shelling of civilian areas that have left hundreds dead
1 November 2020 Azerbaijan rejects Russian intervention: 1 novembre 2020: Bakou assure que Moscou n’a pas de raison d’intervenir, déclarant mener des opérations militaires uniquement sur son territoire et n’a pas l’intention d’attaquer militairement l’Arménie
7 November 2020 Armenia/Azerbaijan clashes continue: 7 novembre 2020: Des troupes azerbaïdjanaises s’opposent aux soldats de la république sécessionniste du Nagorny Karabakh autour de Choucha, ville clé ouvrant la route à l’Arménie vers la capitale séparatiste Stepanakert
8 November 2020 Azerbaijan says it has taken Karabakh's Shusha: 8 November 2020: Azerbaijan says it has taken Karabakh's Shusha, the second-largest city in the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave, Armenia denies it, as Shusha 15km south of the enclave’s largest city Stepanakert is of cultural and strategic importance to both side, and as at least 1,000 people have died in nearly six weeks of fighting in and around Nagorno-Karabakh
10 November 2020 Armenia signs 'painful' deal with Azerbaijan: 10 November 2020: After a string of Azerbaijani victories in its fight to retake disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region Armenia signs ‘painful’ deal with Azerbaijan, sparking outrage in Armenia, with angry protesters storming the government headquarters in Yerevan where they ransacked offices and broke windows
12 December 2020 both sides blame each other over ceasefire violations: 12 December 2020: Armenian officials and Azerbaijan accused each other of breaching a peace deal that ended six weeks of fierce fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh, with Azerbaijan’s leader threatening to crush Armenian forces with an 'iron fist', as new clashes mark the first significant breach of the peace deal
15 December 2020 two elderly men beheaded by Azerbaijani forces: 15 December 2020: Two elderly men who were beheaded by Azerbaijani forces in videos widely shared on messaging apps have been identified, confirming two of the bloodiest atrocities of the recent war in Nagorno-Karabakh, as the ethnic Armenian men reportedly were non-combatants, and as both were beheaded by men in the uniforms of the Azerbaijani armed forces
Azerbaijan/European Union relations: Azerbaijan/European Union relations
2011: 12 May 2011 European Parliament resolution on Azerbaijan - 28. Juni 2011: Rechtsausschuss des Europarates fordert die Freilassung von 50 inhaftierten politischen Oppositionellen
2015: 15 May 2015: Ahead of European Games, Azerbaijan extends journalist Khadija Ismayilova's detention, as rights groups say charges against her are politically motivated because of reports exposing state corruption
Azerbaijan/France relations: Azerbaijan/France relations
2018: 30 mars 2018: Le journaliste azerbaïdjanais Rahim Namazov, qui a été emprisonné, puis menacé de mort avant de fuir son pays et s'exiler en France en 2010, a été grièvement blessé par balle dans le dos, et sa femme, Aïda, tuée
Azerbaijan/Georgia relations: Azerbaijan/Georgia relations - Baku–Supsa Pipeline since 1999 operated by BP - Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline since 2006 operated by BP - South Caucasus natural gas pipeline since 2006 operated by BP, Statoil, shareholders SOCAR, Lukoil, Total etc.
Azerbaijan/Germany relations: Azerbaijan/Germany relations - Azerbaijan in World War II
Azerbaijan/Iran relations: Azerbaijan/Iran relations
Azerbaijan/Israel relations: Azerbaijan/Israel relations, as Azerbaijan and Israel have engaged in intense cooperation since 1992
History of the Jews in Azerbaijan: History of the Jews in Azerbaijan
Since early 1990s Israeli–Azerbaijani relations: Since early 1990s Israeli–Azerbaijani relations, as in January 2019, the State Border Service of Azerbaijan has purchased Sky Striker kamikaze from Israel and Azerbaijan became the first foreign buyer of Sky Striker
Since 1990s Israeli–Azerbaijani trade relations and cooperation against Iran: Since early 1990s Israeli–Azerbaijani trade relations and cooperation against Iran
Azerbaijan/Russia relations: Azerbaijan/Russia relations
Azerbaijan/Turkey relations: Azerbaijan/Turkey relations - Azerbaijanis in Turkey - Turks in Azerbaijan - 2010 Agreement on Strategic Partnership and Mutual Support between Azerbaijan and Turkey
Azerbaijan/Switzerland relations: Azerbaijan/Switzerland relations
14 June 2015: Swiss fly out opposition journalist Emin Huseynov hiding at its Azerbaijan embassy
Azerbaijan/United Kingdom relations: Azerbaijan/United Kingdom relations - Battle of Baku 1918 - Baku–Supsa Pipeline since 1999 operated by BP - Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline since 2006 operated by BP - South Caucasus natural gas pipeline since 2006 operated by BP, Statoil, shareholders SOCAR, Lukoil, Total etc.
Azerbaijan/USA relations: Azerbaijan/USA relations - 26 December 2014: USA-funded radio station in Azerbaijan raided following jailing of a reporter at the station pending trial on charges of driving a man to suicide
Environment of Azerbaijan: Environment of Azerbaijan - Natural history of Azerbaijan - Geology of Azerbaijan - Climate of Azerbaijan, as nine out of eleven existing climate zones are present in Azerbaijan
Landforms and ecoregions of Azerbaijan: Landforms of Azerbaijan - Ecoregions of Azerbaijan
Forests of Azerbaijan: Forests of - Azerbaijan
Bodies of water of Azerbaijan: Bodies of water of Azerbaijan
Environmental issues in Azerbaijan: Environmental issues in Azerbaijan, as the country experienced rapid economic development since 20th century which has led to an increasingly negative impact on the environment, including the inefficient usage of natural resources, as issues today include pollution linked with petroleum industry, pollution of water resources by way of introduction of contaminated water, including transnational pollution,,the supply of low-quality water to inhabited regions, the loss of fresh water prior to it delivery to the end consumers, insufficient development of sewer systems, air pollution from industrial plants and transport vehicles, degradation of soil (erosion, desertification, etc.), deforestation as the burning trees affect the climate cycle, improper regulation of industry and housing, as well as hazardous solid wastes, decline in biological diversity, decline in forest reserves and fauna, especially fish results
Natural disasters in Azerbaijan: Natural disasters in Azerbaijan
Earthquakes in Azerbaijan: Earthquakes in Azerbaijan - List of earthquakes in Azerbaijan
November 2000 Baku earthquake: 25 November 2000 Baku earthquake with an epicenter just offshore Baku, measuring 6.8 on the magnitude scale
June 2018 Zaqatala earthquake: 5 June 2018 5.3 magnitude earthquake in the northern Zaqatala District


Bangladesh - Geography of Bangladesh - Partition of India by the 'British Empire' 1947 - Partition of Bengal 1947 - History of East Pakistan 1947-1971 - Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 - Indo Pakistani War of 1971 - History of Bangladesh - Demographics of Bangladesh
Economy of Bangladesh: Economy of Bangladesh - main industries include textiles, pulp and paper, jute, leather, food processing, fertilizer, natural gas, renewable energy, construction materials, steel, shipbuilding, electronics, automotive parts, ceramics, pharmaceuticals - List of companies of Bangladesh
Energy in Bangladesh: Energy in Bangladesh - Fossil fuels in Bangladesh - Natural gas in Bangladesh - Oil and gas companies of Bangladesh - Nuclear energy in Bangladesh
Electricity sector in Bangladesh Electricity sector in Bangladesh - Power stations and proposed power stations in Bangladesh - Power companies of Bangladesh
Renewable energy in Bangladesh: Renewable energy in Bangladesh - Renewable energy policy of Bangladesh - Hydroelectric power stations in Bangladesh
Energy policy of Bangladesh: Energy policy of Bangladesh
2016: 7 April 2016: Bangladeshi 'S Alam Group' suspends work on a planned Chinese-backed coal-fired power plant after four demonstrators opposing its construction were killed earlier this week
Science and technology in Bangladesh: Science and technology in Bangladesh - Scientific organisations based in Bangladesh - Information technology in Bangladesh - List of IT Companies in Bangladesh
Since 1980 Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization: Since 1980 Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization - Space programme of Bangladesh
June/July 2017: June/July 2017 BRAC Onnesha, the first nanosatellite built in Bangladesh to be launched into space, designed and built in conjunction with Kyushu Institute of Technology's Birds-1 program, which has the goal of helping countries build their first satellite
May 2018: Bangabandhu-1, the first Bangladeshi geostationary communications satellite, launched on 11 May 2018, implemented by Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission BTRC - 13 May 2018: Bangladesh blasts off with their first ever satellite launch into space
Bangladesh textile industry, factory collapses, fires and man-made disasters: Bangladesh textile industry - Bangladesh textile industry - employment and labour
Man-made disasters in Bangladesh
Tazreen Fashion factory fire 2012: Dhaka fire in the Tazreen Fashion factory 24 November 2012 - 25 November: At least 100 workers killed by a fire in the multi-floor Tazreen Fashion factory in the Ashulia district on the outskirts of the capital Dhaka - 26 November: Another fire that broke out in a 12-storey building housing four different garment factories in Dhaka, has been almost brought under control, police say - 27 November: Bangladesh is observing a day of mourning for the more than 100 victims of a clothing factory fire on Saturday - 29 November: Three mid-level managers held for preventing workers from leaving factory premises after fire alarm went off - 7 December: Tazreen Fashion factory fire exposes safety gap in the supply chain - 17 December: The Tazreen Fashion factory fire killing 111 workers was caused by sabotage and managers at the plant prevented victims from escaping, the head of an official inquiry says
Smart Export Garments Ltd factory fire 2013: 27 January 2013: The unlicensed 'Smart Export Garments Ltd' factory in Dhaka where seven women workers died in a fire Saturday, was making clothing for Spanish giant Inditex and several French brands
Dhaka garments factory collapse April 2013: Four garment factories housing building collapse in Dhaka 24 April 2013 - 24 April 2013: At least 15 people were killed and many more feared dead when an eight-storey building housing a market and garment factory collapsed in the town of Savar outside Dhaka - 25 April: The death toll from the building collapse in Dhaka has risen to 160, with people trapped under the rubble of a complex that housed garment factories supplying retailers in Europe and North America - 27/28 April: Factory bosses were arrested, 72 hours after the deadly collapse of a building where low-cost garments were made for Western brands, as the death toll rose to 348 and angry workers protested on the streets of the capital - 29 avril: Un incendie a éclaté dans les décombres de l'immeuble de Dacca, mettant fin à tout espoir de retrouver de nouveaux survivants dans les ruines - 10 May: The death toll from the Dhaka garments factory collapse soared past 1,000 on Friday, while the list of the dead from the fire on 8 May 2013 at a sweater manufacturer showed the entanglement of the industry and top Bangladeshi officials - 10 May: Woman rescued in the rubble of the collapsed Rana Plaza building 17 days after collapse - 14 mai: Fin des recherches dans l'immeuble effondré où périrent plus de 1.100 ouvriers du textile, mais des dizaines de proches éplorés attendaient toujours des nouvelles de leurs disparus - 24 juin: Des centaines d'ouvriers du textile et des survivants de l'effondrement du Rana Plaza ont manifesté deux mois après l'accident, en réclamant des comptes au gouvernement sur les personnes toujours portées disparues et sur le volet financier - 25 July: The mayor of Savar arrested over Rana Plaza factory disaster in April
May 2013: 1 May 2013: Savar, a suburb of Dhaka, is a dusty, chaotic industrial center littered with factories that produce clothes for leading Western brands, whose building codes are often unenforced, regulatory oversight is flimsy, and whose men wielding power often travel with armed guards
Dhaka garment factory fire 8 May 2013: Dhaka garment factory fire 8 May 2013 - 9 May 2013: Eight people were killed when a fire broke out ih a clothing factory in the Mirpur industrial district of Dhaka, belonging to the Tung Hai Group, a large garment exporter whose retailers include Britain's Primark and Inditex Group of Spain
September 2013: 13 September: A two-day meeting of clothing retailers, with key names including Walmart, Benetton, Mango staying away, and pressure groups aimed at reaching a compensation deal for victims of two Bangladesh factory disasters ended in failure
October 2013 garment factory fire: 8 October: A fire at a garment factory outside Bangladesh's capital has killed at least 10 people on Tuesday
2014 job losses and strike: 10 March: Several thousand Bangladeshi garment workers have lost their jobs after their factory, where they stitched clothes for Western retailers, was discovered with serious safety problems and shut down - 11 August 2014: Garment workers in five Bangladeshi factories, that supplied clothes for Walmart and other western retailers finally received their wages on Sunday following an 11-day hunger strike, after police arrested union leaders and used batons and pepper spray on garment workers to break strike
2015 Mirpur plastics factory fire: 31 January 2015: Plastics factory fire in Mirpur kills at least 13 people
2015: 22 April 2015: Bangladesh garment workers making clothes for western firms suffer poor conditions two years after reform vows
2016 labor conditions: 31 May 2016: It’s been more than three years since 1,138 workers were killed when the Rana Plaza factory collapsed in Bangladesh, yet little progress has been made to improve labor conditions for garment workers, according to researchers and activists
September 2016 factory fire: 10 September 2016: A fire at a food and cigarette packaging factory outside Dhaka killed at least 23 people and injured dozens
November 2016: 21 November 2016: Alliance consortium, which includes Walmart, Gap and Target, has pushed back deadlines to implement fire exits, alarms and structural renovations more than three years after deadly Rana Plaza collapse, after Walmart declined to sign an accord and founded an alliance including Gap, Target, Hudson’s Bay Company, whose brands include Saks Fifth Avenue and Lord & Taylor, and VF Corporation, whose brands include North Face, Timberland, Vans and Wrangler, independent survey says
July 2017 garment factory's boiler explosion: 4 July 2017: At least eight people were killed and up to 50 injured after a boiler exploded at a garment factory in Gazipur on the outskirts of Dhaka
February 2019 Dhaka fire and explosion: 20 February 2019 Dhaka fire and explosion - 21 February 2019: At least 80 people have died after a massive fire engulfed apartment buildings that also housed chemical warehouses in Dhaka
March 2019 FR Tower Fire: 28 March 2019 FR Tower Fire that broke out on the eighth floor of the 22-storey building at the commercial Banani area of Dhaka - 28 March 2019: A huge fire has torn through an office block in Dhaka, killing at least five people, with many others feared trapped in the latest disaster to hit the Bangladeshi capital - 31 March 2019: Bangladesh police arrest building owners over fatal Dhaka blaze, killing 26 people and injuring about 70, as authorities say complex had no fire-protected staircases and top floors were illegally constructed
November 2019 gas pipeline explosion in Chittagong: 17 November 2019: At least seven people were killed and eight injured on Sunday after a gas pipeline exploded in the Bangladeshi port city of Chittagong
9 July 2021 Rupganj fire at factory near Dhaka killing at least 52 people: Rupganj fire at a factory for drink and food in Narayanganj, a city in Narayanganj District
10 July 2021 factory fire in Bangladesh killing at least 52 people: 10 July 2021: At least 52 people were killed and 20 injured after a massive fire raged through a juice-making factory in Bangladesh, the latest industrial accident in a country with a track record of poor working conditions
Agriculture in Bangladesh: Agriculture in Bangladesh, including rice and jute, wheat, maize and tea - most Bangladeshis (about 40% of the labor force) earn their living from agriculture
Forestry in Bangladesh: Forestry in Bangladesh
Fishing in Bangladesh: Fishing in Bangladesh
Water in Bangladesh, water supply and management: Water in Bangladesh - Bodies of water of Bangladesh - Rivers of Bangladesh - Water supply and sanitation in Bangladesh - Water management in Dhaka
Sharing the water of the Ganges
2013: 30 June 2013: About 450 employees fell ill after complaining of contaminated water at their workplace near the Bangladeshi capital, the second such incident to hit the same garment factory in recent days
2016: 6 April 2016: Nearly 20 million Bangladeshis are still drinking water poisoned with high levels of arsenic despite millions of wells being tested and hundreds of thousands of safe ones having been bored to avert a major health crisis, according to a new report
Wetlands of Bangladesh: Wetlands of Bangladesh
Environmental issues in Bangladesh: Environmental issues in Bangladesh - Floods in Bangladesh - Climate change in Bangladesh
Waste management in Bangladesh
Tourism in Bangladesh: Tourism in Bangladesh - Visitor attractions in Bangladesh - World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh
Transport in Bangladesh: Transport in Bangladesh - Transport infrastructure in Bangladesh - Bangladesh Railway
Road transport in Bangladesh: Road transport in Bangladesh - Roads in Bangladesh
Water transport in Bangladesh: Water transport in Bangladesh
Maritime incidents in Bangladesh: Maritime incidents in Bangladesh
May 2014: Sinking of the MV Miraj-4: 15 May 2014: Sinking of the MV Miraj-4 - 18 May 2014: Anguished relatives protested a decision to stop searching for bodies of passengers they feared were trapped inside the sunken ferry MV Miraj-4 leaving at least 54 dead
April 2021 ferry accident: 5 avril 2021: Les recherches de survivants ont été interrompues lundi, au lendemain du naufrage d’un ferry au Bangladesh qui a fait 28 morts, selon un nouveau bilan
3 April 2021 boat accident as speedboat crashed into vessel in Padma River: 3 May 2021: At least 26 people were killed when a speedboat packed with passengers collided with a vessel transporting sand in the latest maritime disaster to hit Bangladesh
Foreign trade of Bangladesh: Foreign trade of Bangladesh - Special economic zones of Bangladesh - Chittagong Export Processing Zone, the first and one of the eight export processing zones in Bangladesh located at South Halishahar in Chittagong, established in 1983 - Bangladesh Export Processing Zone Authority - Bangladesh's government provides numerous incentives for investors for opening factories in EPZs, new factories enjoy tax holidays for 5 years, labour unions and other activities that are often viewed detrimental to productivity and are banned inside the EPZs
March 2020 Bangladesh garment makers say $3B in orders lost to Chinese virus: 30 March 2020: Bangladesh, which is the world's second largest exporter of clothing after China, garment manufacturers says fashion retailers have cancelled or put on hold more than $3 billion in orders due to the Chinese coronavirus outbreak, though a handful have agreed to pay anyway
2 April 2020 fashion brands' cancellations of £2.4bn orders 'catastrophic’ for Bangladesh: 2 April 2020: Fashion brands' cancellations of £2.4bn orders 'catastrophic’ for Bangladesh, as garment workers left 'abandoned’ by move to cut losses in wake of coronavirus crisis by retailers including Primark and Edinburgh Woollen Mill
Banking in Bangladesh: Banking in Bangladesh - List of banks in Bangladesh
Economic history of Bangladesh and business cycles: Economic history of Bangladesh
21st century industrial distasters in Bangladesh: 2005 Dhaka garment factory collapse, 2011 Bangladesh share market scam, 2013 Dhaka garment factory collapse and 2014 Sundarbans oil spill
Since February 2020 socio-economic impact of the 2019–20 Chinese coronavirus pandemic on South Asia: Since February 2020 socio-economic impact of the 2019–20 Chinese coronavirus pandemic on South Asia - Since March 2020 Chinese coronavirus pandemic in Bangladesh
2 April 2020 fashion brands' cancellations of orders 'catastrophic’ for Bangladesh: 2 April 2020: More than a million Bangaldeshi garment workers have been sent home without pay or have lost their jobs after western clothing brands cancelled or suspended £2.4bn of existing orders in the wake of the Covid-19 epidemic, according to data from the Bangladeshi and Garment Exporters Association
4 February 2021 Bangladeshis cut off from jobs abroad face rising poverty: 4 February 2021: Bangladeshis cut off from jobs abroad face rising poverty, as whole communities supported by overseas work are at risk of extreme poverty after the pandemic forced thousands home
Labour in Bangladesh: Labour in Bangladesh - Women in Bangladesh's garment industry
Since March 2020 economic and social impact of covid-19 pandemic: Since March 2020 economic and social impact of covid-19 pandemic in Bangladesh
3 April 2020 one-quarter of garment workers lost jobs amid covid-19 pandemic: 3 April 2020: 1 million Bangladeshi workers, one-quarter of garment workers in Bangladesh,the world's second-largest clothing manufacturer after China, have been fired or furloughed because of declining global orders amid the coronavirus crisis
Child labour in Bangladesh: Child labour in Bangladesh
2009: 26 October 2009: ILO report on child labour in Bangladesh
2013: 15 May 2013: Combating child labour through education
2016: 25 July 2016: Police have arrested a textile mill worker in Rupganj town for allegedly torturing a nine-year-old boy in the spinning mill making clothes for western retailers, one of millions of child labourers in impoverished Bangladesh and many of them employed in hazardous industries, to death with an air compressor, the second such claim in less than a year, according to officers - 7 December 2016: Child labour 'rampant' in Bangladesh factories, as survey finds that 15% of six- to 14-year-olds living in poorest households work an average of 64 hours a week
Rural and urban poverty in Bangladesh: Poverty in Bangladesh - Rural and urban poverty in Bangladesh
List of slums in Bangladesh
2013: 3 February 2013: Hundreds of homes burned in a fire in shantytown in the capital Dhaka
2015: 10 July 2015: A stampede during a charity handout in the northern city of Mymensingh left at least 23 people dead on Friday as hundreds of desperately poor people tried to get their hands on free clothing, police says
Military in Bangladesh: Military in Bangladesh and Bangladesh Armed Forces - Military history of Bangladesh
Military coups in Bangladesh: Military coups in Bangladesh - 1982 Bangladesh coup d'état and Ershad's regime 1983-1990
Taxation and budget in Bangladesh: Taxation in Bangladesh - National Board of Revenue publications
2015/2016: 20 July 2015: Bangladesh enacts 2015-2016 budget proposals
2017/2018: 27 February 2018: Bangladeshi government will request a record 4.20 trillion taka or around $51 billion national budget for the next 2017-2018 fiscal year beginning in July
Politics of Bangladesh: Politics of Bangladesh - Constitution of Bangladesh since 1972 - Amendments to the Constitution of Bangladesh - 2006-2008 Bangladeshi political crisis - Government of Grand Alliance 2009-present
Political parties in Bangladesh: Political parties in Bangladesh - List of political parties in Bangladesh
Trade unions in Bangladesh: Trade unions in Bangladesh - Bangladesh Export Processing Zone Authority - Bangladesh's government provides numerous incentives for investors for opening factories in EPZs, new factories enjoy tax holidays for 5 years, labour unions and other activities that are often viewed detrimental to productivity and are banned inside the EPZs
Elections and politics in Bangladesh: Elections in Bangladesh - 10 April 2013: Bangladesh's election commission has declared April 29 as the date to hold presidential election in the country - 22 April 2013: Abdul Hamid won presidential elections following the death of Zillur Rahman on 20 March 2013 - 1 August 2013: Bangladesh court cancels registration of right-wing party Jamaat-e-Islami - 2 December: Bangladesh's 18-party opposition coalition confirms poll boycott on deadline day
Bangladeshi general election January 2014: Bangladeshi general election 5 January 2014 - 2 January: One person was killed on the first day of BNP's countrywide nonstop blockade to foil the January 5 general election - 4 January: Dozens of voting booths were attacked on the eve of elections and an activist was killed in clashes with Awami League supporters in Patgram - 5 janvier: Nombreux lieux de vote attaqués dans le cadre des législatives au Bangladesh - 5 January: The violence against Bangladesh's general election continues - 6 January: Low turnout mars Bangladesh polls - 6 January: Ruling Awami League wins the violence-plagued election whose outcome was never in doubt after the boycott - 7 January: Pressure mounts on Bangladesh PM after walkover re-election, as the USA demands a swift re-run that would include all the major parties
2015: 5 January 2015: Deadly clashes erupt on the streets of Bangladesh on the first anniversary of elections as police besiege the main opposition leader in her office
December 2018: 25 décembre 2018: La police du Bangladesh a arrêté plus de 10'500 militants de l'opposition au cours des dernières semaines, qui ont dénoncé une opération d'intimidation avant les élections législatives
December 2018 Bangladeshi general election: 30 December 2018 Bangladeshi general election - 30 December 2018: Four deaths, one at the hands of police who claimed to be stopping an attack on a polling station, are the latest in a campaign marred by violence, the mass arrest of opposition leaders and activists, and Hasina's statement that human rights are a peripheral concern to most Bangladeshis - 31 December 2018: Bangladesh’s opposition has rejected the 'farcical' results of national elections, after at least 17 people were killed and with claims ruling Awami League rigged country’s first contested election in a decade
January 2019: 2 January 2019: Bangladeshi journalist Hedayet Hossain Mollah, who works for the Dhaka Tribune newspaper, was arrested and another was on the run after being accused of publishing 'false information' about voting irregularities in an election, allegedly won by PM Sheikh Hasina
September 2020 climate crisis and covid-19 crying out for international cooperation and solidarity: 22 September 2020: The climate crisis and covid-19 are crying out for international cooperation, writes the prime minister of Bangladesh
17 April 2021 5 people killed as police fire at protesting workers at a Chinese-backed power plant: 17 April 2021: At least five people were killed and dozens injured in Bangladesh after police opened fire on a crowd of workers protesting to demand unpaid wages and a pay rise at a Chinese-backed coal-fired power plant in the south-eastern city of Chittagong, officials and police said
29 June 2021 Bangladesh troops to enforce lockdown as covid-19 death toll hits record high: 29 June 2021: Bangladesh troops to enforce lockdown as covid-19 death toll hits record high, as most people will be confined to homes and public transport closed, leaving thousands of migrant workers stranded
9/10 July 2021 following Rupganj factory fire police arrest factory owner: <10 July 2021: Bangladesh police arrest factory owner after dozens die in fire, as police chief says entrance was padlocked, as separate inquiry looks into use of child labour at food plant, and as police said owner's sons were among eight people detained over the fire that broke out on Thursday and raged for more than a day, despite coordinated efforts of public and aid services to rescue the trapped hard working people - 9 July 2021 Rupganj factory fire
Social movements and protests: Protests in Bangladesh
1969 Mass uprising in East Pakistan: 1969 Mass uprising in East Pakistan
Since 1972 movement demanding trial of war criminals: Since 1972 movement demanding trial of war criminals in Bangladesh and timeline until 2013
1990 Mass Uprising in Bangladesh against military rule: 1990 Mass Uprising in Bangladesh against military rule
2012 anti-government protest: 12. März 2012: Tausende fordern Rücktritt der Regierung in Bangladesh - größte Demonstration seit der Wahl von 2008 - 24 April 2012: Bangladeshis strike over missing politician
2012 Tazreen Fashion factory fire protests: Tazreen Fashion factory fire 24 November 2012 - 26 November 2012: Garment workers staged mass protests to demand the end to 'deathtrap' labour conditions after Bangladesh's worst-ever textile factory fire in Tazreen Fashion factory, as a new blaze in Dhaka sparked fresh panic and terror - 27 November: Protesters and factories workers across the country took to the streets for a second day to express their anger over the Tazreen Fashion factory fire
9 December 2012: Opposition parties have called a general strike after at least two people were killed in clashes during nationwide road blockades demanding a caretaker government to ensure elections due in 2014 are fair
2013: 7 January 2013: Police clash with anti-government protesters trying to enforce a general strike called to denounce a fuel price hike
2013 Shahbag protests - 4 March 2013: Bangladesh remains tense on day two of nationwide bandh, after 24 people have died overnight in clashes across the country related to a death sentence given to a top Islamist opposition leader for his role in atrocities
April 2013: 27 April: Police fired tear-gas and rubber bullets at hundreds of thousands of workers protesting the death of more than 300 colleagues in the collapsed building in Dhaka
May 2013: 1 mai: Des dizaines de milliers de manifestants au Bangladesh défilaient mercredi pour réclamer la pendaison des propriétaires d'ateliers de confection - 20 May: Bangladeshi police fired rubber bullets and tear gas at thousands of garment workers Monday as they demanded a wage hike at a protest in a manufacturing hub outside the capital Dhaka
September 2013: 23 septembre: Jusqu'à 200.000 ouvriers ont manifesté lundi pour le troisième jour consécutif et des dizaines de milliers d'ouvriers du textile ont bloqué des rues, exigeant un salaire mensuel minimum équivalent à 100 dollars - 25 September: Police have used batons, rubber bullets and tear gas to stop protests by garment workers in Bangladesh who want higher wages
November 2013: 12 November: Thousands of garment workers demanding higher pay clashed with police for a second day, leaving dozens of people injured and at least 200 factories closed
April 2014 protests to help victims of garment factory fire: 25 April: Western fashion brands faced pressure to increase help for victims of garment factory accident, as mass protests marked the one-year anniversary of the disaster that cost 1,138 lives
August 2014 garment workers' hunger strike: 11 August 2014: Garment workers in five Bangladeshi factories, that supplied clothes for Walmart and other western retailers finally received their wages on Sunday following an 11-day hunger strike, after police arrested union leaders and used batons and pepper spray on garment workers to break strike
February 2015 protests against attacks on civilians: 8 February 2015: Thousands of Bangladeshis form a human chain to protest against an increasing number of deadly attacks on civilians using petrol bombs - 27 February 2015: Protests in Dhaka after USA citizen Avijit Roy, whose blog championed liberal secular writing in Bangladesh, hacked to death by Islamists
April 2015 rallies supporting victims of 2013 Rana Plaza factory disaster: 18 April 2015: Rallies in Bangladesh as victims of Rana Plaza factory disaster in 2013 await compensation
September 2015 student protests: August/September 2015 Bangladesh student protests demanding the VAT imposed on higher education in private universities be eliminated, following strong opposition, the VAT was reduced to 7.5% and the imposed VAT was withdrawn by the finance division after a cabinet meeting on 14 September 2015
November 2015 protest against Islamists' hacking attacks: 2 November 2015: Hundreds of people, including writers, publishers and bookshop owners, took to the streets of Dhaka to protest against government inaction over a string of murder attacks by suspected Islamists, including the hacking to death on Saturday of a publisher of secular books, as rallies were also held in other cities and towns to demand more protection
2016: 7 April 2016: Students protested Thursday in Dhaka after Nazimuddin Samad, a law student and secular activist, was hacked and shot to death in the Bangladeshi capital the day before
December 2016: 27 December 2016: At least 1,500 workers sacked from Bangladesh garment factories after tens of thousands of workers walked out of factories in Ashulia, which make clothes for top western brands such as USA's Gap, Spain's Zara and Sweden's H&M, in protests sparked by the sacking of 121 workers, but soon evolved into a demand for the trebling of workers’ pay from the current monthly minimum of 5,300 taka or £54, and escalated after police fired rubber bullets injuring demonstrators, branded the protests illegal and arrested workers including union leaders and a television reporter by using a controversial wartime-era law intended to deal with threats to state security
April-July 2018 Bangladesh quota reform protests: Since 8 April 2018 Bangladesh quota reform protests, demanding reforms in policies regarding recruitment in the Bangladesh government services, initially began in Shahbag and Dhaka University campus and eventually spread to other parts of Bangladesh within days
Since 29 July 2018 Bangladesh road safety protests: Since 29 July 2018 Bangladesh road safety protests - 3 August 2018: Tens of thousands of students, many of them teenagers, have brought areas of Bangladesh to a near-standstill during five days of protests following the deaths of two teenagers killed by a speeding bus, as Bangladesh’s transport sector is widely seen as corrupt, unregulated and dangerous - 5 août 2018: Bangladesh fait face à un mouvement de protestation sans précédent depuis 8 jours, les services Internet 3G et 4G sont coupés depuis samedi et une centaine de manifestants avaient été blessés lors de heurts avec la police qui a tiré des balles en caoutchouc en direction de manifestants - 5 August 2018: At least five photojournalists were injured as activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League, student front of ruling Awami League, equipped with iron roads and sticks, chased nearly 50 journalists and allegedly swooped on them at Science Lab intersection in Dhaka - 6 August 2018: Police in Bangladesh have arrested prize-winning photographer Shahidul Alam for comments made in an interview about protests
January 2019 textile workers strike and protests: 13 janvier 2019: Des milliers d'ouvriers du textile au Bangladesh qui confectionnent des vêtements pour les grandes chaînes d'habillement mondiales comme H&M ou Primark ont débrayé dimanche et manifesté pour demander de meilleurs salaires, dans le cadre d'un mouvement entamé il y a une semaine - 14 January 2019: Thousands of garment workers in Bangladesh who make clothes for top global brands have clashed with police as strike action over low wages entered a second week
26 April 2020 textile workers protest in Dhaka demanding wages: 26 April 2020: Textile workers in Dhaka took to the streets on Sunday demanding wages, flouting social distancing norms amid a nationwide lockdown to control covid-19 pandemic, as the second-largest apparel producer after China, Bangladesh is set to lose export revenue of about $6 billion this fiscal year as the sector has been hit by cancellations from some of the world's largest brands and retailers
17 April 2021 5 people killed as police fire at protesting workers at a Chinese-backed power plant: 17 April 2021: At least five people were killed and dozens injured in Bangladesh after police opened fire on a crowd of workers protesting to demand unpaid wages and a pay rise at a Chinese-backed coal-fired power plant in the south-eastern city of Chittagong, officials and police said
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Bangladesh: Bangladeshi society
Divisions, districts and upazilas of Bangladesh: 8 Divisions (or major regions) of Bangladesh - 64 Districts of Bangladesh - 492 Upazilas of Bangladesh - 4,554 Union councils of Bangladesh - Villages of Bangladesh - Rural and urban poverty in Bangladesh
List of regions of Bangladesh by Human Development Index: List of regions of Bangladesh by Human Development Index, updated 2018
Cities and towns in Bangladesh: List of cities and towns in Bangladesh
List of slums in Bangladesh: List of slums in Bangladesh
Villages of Bangladesh and rural development: Villages of Bangladesh - Alphabetical list of villages in Bangladesh - Rural development in Bangladesh
December 2020 frequency of natural disasters making life in rural areas increasingly difficult: 16 December 2020: The frequency of natural disasters is making life in rural areas increasingly difficult, pushing inhabitants into city slums, as extreme weather is emptying Bangladesh's villages
Dhaka city: Dhaka city, the capital, largest city of Bangladesh and one of the world's largest cities, with a population of 18.89 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area - History of Dhaka - Dhaka Metro Rail - Culture of Dhaka
Education in Dhaka: Education in Dhaka - Schools in Dhaka - Universities and colleges in Dhaka
Since 1912 Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology: Since 1912 Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, a public university in Bangladesh which focuses on the study of engineering and architecture
Since 1921 University of Dhaka: Since 1921 University of Dhaka, the oldest university in Bangladesh, ranking number one on the Bangladesh University Ranking 2017
Since 1992 National University of Bangladesh: Since 1992 National University of Bangladesh, a parent university of Bangladesh with affiliated colleges and professional institutions throughout the country, the 3rd largest university in the world and headquartered in Gazipur on the outskirts of Dhaka
Since 1993 Central Women's University: Since 1993 Central Women's University, one of the first private universities in Bangladesh
Since 1993 Independent University of Bangladesh: Since 1993 Independent University of Bangladesh, one of the oldest private universities in Bangladesh located in Dhaka
Since 1996 East West University: Since 1996 East West University, a private university and a non-profit organization, located in Dhaka
Since 2001 BRAC University in Dhaka: Since 2001 BRAC University in Dhaka, a private University in Bangladesh, founded as a branch of the BRAC organization
Economy of Dhaka: Economy of Dhaka, the financial and commercial capital of Bangladesh, accounting up to 35% of Bangladesh's economy, deriving significant revenue from international trade, textile, pharmachemical, other industries and financial institutions - Transport in Dhaka
Timeline of Dhaka: Timeline of Dhaka since 8th century CE
June 1757 Battle of Plassey: June 1757 Battle of Plassey, a decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies, consolidating the Company's presence in Bengal, which later expanded to cover much of India over the next hundred years
1857 Indian Rebellion: 1857 Indian Rebellion, a major but ultimately unsuccessful uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British
Since 1921 University of Dhaka: Since 1921 University of Dhaka, the oldest university in Bangladesh, ranking number one on the Bangladesh University Ranking 2017
1947 Dhaka city becomes capital of East Bengal: 1947 Dhaka city becomes capital of East Bengal, a province of newly independent Pakistan
1971 Dhaka University massacre: 1971 Dhaka University massacre
1971 People's Republic of Bangladesh: 1971 People's Republic of Bangladesh
Since 1985 South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation: Since 1985 South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SAARC, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, founded in Dhaka on 8 December 1985, as its secretariat is based in Kathmandu in Nepal
June 2010 Dhaka fire in the Nimtali area: June 2010 Dhaka fire in the Nimtali area of Old Dhaka, killing at least 124 people
November 2012 Dhaka garment factory fire: November 2012 Dhaka garment factory fire
April 2013 Dhaka garment factory collapse: April 2013 Dhaka garment factory collapse, killing 1,134 people and injuring approximately 2,500 others rescued from the building alive
February 2019 Dhaka fire: February 2019 Dhaka fire, following a road accident and explosion, spreading to a group of buildings storing chemicals, and expanding to the historic district of Chowk Bazaar, killng at least 80 people and injuring 50 others
March 2019 FR Tower Fire: March 2019 FR Tower Fire at the commercial Banani area of Dhaka, causing 25 deaths and injuring more than 70 others - 29 March 2019: Questions mount about building safety in Bangladesh capital after inferno kills at least 25 people
August 2019 Mirpur neighbourhood fire: 18 August 2019: A fire in the crowded slum of Dhaka's Mirpur neighbourhood has destroyed thousands of homes and left thousands of people homeless, as many residents – largely low-income garment factory workers – were not in the slum as they had left their homes to celebrate the Muslim Eid al-Adha holiday with their families
September 2020 deadly gas pipeline blast kills 16 at mosque: 5 septembre 2020: Au moins 16 personnes ont été tuées et des dizaines d’autres ont subi des brûlures graves dans une explosion, probablement due à une fuite du gaz, dans une mosquée près de la capitale du Bangladesh
27 June 2021 tens of thousands of migrant workers fled Dhaka on the eve of a tightened lockdown: 27 June 2021: Tens of thousands of migrant workers fled Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka on the eve of a tightened lockdown that will curtail most economic activity and confine people to their homes as coronavirus infections soar
9 July 2021 Rupganj fire at factory near Dhaka killing at least 52 people: 9 July 2021: Bangladesh factory fire kills at least 52 people, as officials say many victims were trapped inside the food factory near Dhaka by an illegally locked door
13 August 2021 worsening effects of climate crisis in capital Dhaka: < href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/8/13/bangladesh-migrant-workers-climate-change-factory-fires">13 August 2021: Bangladesh migrants flee rising seas only to die in factory fires, as thousands being driven out of rural homes by worsening effects of climate crisis to search for work in capital Dhaka
Barisal city: Barisal city, a major city that lies on the bank of Kirtankhola river in south-central Bangladesh, the largest city and the administrative headquarter of both Barisal district and Barisal Division
Economy of Barisal: Economy of Barisal, as exports include agricultural products, Hilsha fish, medicine, empty gelatine capsules, anchor cement
Chittagong city: Chittagong city, a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh with a population of more than 2.5 million inhabitants (metropolitan 4,009,423 inhabitants in 2011) making it the second largest city in the country
Economy and port of Chittagong: Economy of Chittagong, one of the largest and most rapidly growing economies, as Chittagong is home of some of Bangladesh's top corporations, the second largest and the port-city of Bangladesh, serving as export hub of Bangladesh accounting for 45% of Bangladesh's national export - Port of Chittagong, the busiest seaport on the coastline of the Bay of Bengal, the second busiest in the overall region of countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal, ranking as the 71st busiest port in the world in 2017
Timeline of Chittagong: History and timeline of Chittagong since ancient times
Khulna city: Khulna city, the third-largest city of Bangladesh and the administrative seat of Khulna District and Khulna Division, with a population of 663,342 inhabitants in 2010, an old river port located on the Rupsha and Bhoirob river and served by Port of Mongla, the second largest seaport in the country
Economy of Khulna: Economy of Khulna, the third largest economic centre in Bangladesh with various heavy and light industries, including jute, chemicals, fish and seafood packaging, food processing, sugar mills, power generation and shipbuilding
Port of Mongla: Port of Mongla, the second busiest seaport of Bangladesh, located in Bagerhat District, one of the major ports of the Bengal delta
Rajshahi city: Rajshahi city, a major urban, commercial and educational centre of Bangladesh, also the administrative seat of eponymous division and district, located on the north bank of the Padma River, near the Bangladesh-India border, with a population of over 763,952 residents
Economy of Rajshahi: Economy of Rajshahi, including, apart from usual Bangladeshi agricultural products such as rice, wheat, potatoes and lentils, various crops such as mangoes, lichis, sugarcane, tomatoes and watermelons
Sylhet city: Sylhet city in northeastern Bangladesh, the administrative seat of Sylhet Division and located on the right bank of the Surma River in northeastern Bengal
Educational in Sylhet: List of educational institutions in Sylhet - Education in Sylhet District
Since 1986 Shahjalal University of Science and Technology: Since 1986 Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
Since 1995 Sylhet Agricultural University: Since 1995 Sylhet Agricultural University, a government-financed public university in Sylhet
Economy of Sylhet: Economy of Sylhet, one of Bangladesh's main business centers
Kamrup Rural administrative district: Kamrup rural administrative district
Bijoynagar town: Bijoynagar town in the Kamrup district, located on the south bank of the river Brahmaputra
Demographics, education and economy of Bijoynagar: Demographics, education and economy of Bijoynagar
28 August 2021: 21 dead, dozens missing after boat sinks in Bangladesh's town of Bijoynagar: 28 August 2021: 21 people dead, dozens missing after passenger vessel sinks in Bangladesh, reportedly colliding with a sand-laden cargo ship on a lake in the town of Bijoynagar in eastern Bangladesh
Demographics and ethnic groups in Bangladesh: Demographics of Bangladesh - Indigenous peoples in Bangladesh - Ethnic groups in Bangladesh
Culture and languages in Bangladesh: - Culture of Bangladesh - Languages of Bangladesh
Women and women's rights in Bangladesh: Women in Bangladesh - Women's rights in Bangladesh - Women in Bangladesh's garment industry
Violence against women in Bangladesh: Violence against women in Bangladesh - Rape in Bangladesh
April 2019: 18 April 2019: Teenage Bangladeshi girl Nusrat Jahan Rafi who reported being sexually harassed by her headteacher has died after being set on fire at school, after police and school authorities had ignored her complaints
Bangladeshi 'Acid Survivors Foundation': 'Acid Survivors Foundation' Bangladeshi organisation dedicated to raising awareness and preventing acid attacks and providing survivors with medical and legal aid
Gender inequality in Bangladesh: Gender inequality in Bangladesh
Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee and Bangladesh National Women Lawyers' Association: Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) - women's welfare in Bangladesh - Bangladesh National Women Lawyers' Association
Children and adolescents in Bangladesh: Children and adolescents in Bangladesh
Child labour in Bangladesh: Child labour in Bangladesh
2009: 26 October 2009: ILO report on child labour in Bangladesh
2009/2013: 15 May 2013: Project to combat child labour through education in Bangladesh, where an estimated 13% of children aged 5-14 work full-time
2017: 24 January 2017: Garment brands contribute to low wages, long working hours, child labour and school dropouts in Bangladesh, according to 'Stop Child Labour' and SOMO's report 'Branded Childhood’
Education in Bangladesh: Education in Bangladesh
Schools in Bangladesh: Schools in Bangladesh - Schools in Bangladesh by district - High schools in Bangladesh - List of schools in Bangladesh
Public and private Universities and colleges in Bangladesh: Universities in Bangladesh, including public and private universities - Universities and colleges in Bangladesh - Public universities of Bangladesh - Private universities in Bangladesh - Universities and colleges in Bangladesh by type - Textile schools in Bangladesh
Universities and colleges in Dhaka and Chittagong: Universities and colleges in Dhaka - List of colleges in Chittagong
University of Dhaka, established in 1921 during the British Raj, the oldest university in modern Bangladesh and a significant contributor to the modern history of Bangladesh - Asian University for Women, the first liberal arts university for women in South Asia, located in the port city of Chittagong - European University of Bangladesh since 2012
October 2019 protests against politically motivated attacks: 10 October 2019: The father of an engineering student who was beaten to death at his university halls in Bangladesh has demanded justice for his son, as protests against politically motivated attacks on campuses continued
Health in Bangladesh: Health in Bangladesh
Medical outbreaks in Bangladesh: Medical outbreaks in Bangladesh - Health disasters in Bangladesh - Disasters and man-made disasters in Bangladesh
April 2019 - January 2020 dengue outbreak in Bangladesh: April 2019 - January 2020 dengue outbreak in Bangladesh, a nationwide occurrence of dengue fever in Bangladesh
Since February 2020 Chinese coronavirus pandemic Bangladesh: Since March 2020 Chinese coronavirus pandemic in Bangladesh - Since February 2020 socio-economic impact of the 2019–20 Chinese coronavirus pandemic on South Asia
29 March 2020 at least 6 more people died with symptoms similar to that of COVID-19: 29 March 2020: At least 6 more people died with symptoms similar to that of COVID-19, one in Khulna, two in Barishal, one in Rajshahi, one in Manikganj and one in Lalmonirhat, on Sunday and Saturday night, as former WHO regional adviser Muzaherul Huq warns the government should increase the capacity to test more people and isolate them if found positive for coronavirus, also saying government lacks preparation for a possible catastrophic situation
Healthcare in Bangladesh: Healthcare in Bangladesh - Healthcare in Dhaka
Hospitals in Bangladesh: Hospitals in Bangladesh
Schools of medicine in Bangladesh: Schools of medicine in Bangladesh - List of medical colleges in Bangladesh
Water supply and sanitation in Bangladesh: Water supply and sanitation in Bangladesh
2013: 30 June 2013: About 450 employees fell ill after complaining of contaminated water at their workplace near the Bangladeshi capital, the second such incident to hit the same garment factory in recent days
2016: 6 April 2016: Nearly 20 million Bangladeshis are still drinking water poisoned with high levels of arsenic despite millions of wells being tested and hundreds of thousands of safe ones having been bored to avert a major health crisis, according to a new report
Media and censorship in Bangladesh: Media of Bangladesh - Censorship in Bangladesh
October/November 2013: 20 November 2013: Bangladesh's 'Information and Communication Technology Act' draconian assault on free expression
May 2018: 9 May 2018: Scores of people have been arrested over the past five years in Bangladesh under section 57 of the ICT Act for criticizing the government, political leaders, and others on Facebook, as well as in blogs, online newspapers, or other social media, Human Rights Watch says
August 2018 photojournalists hurt in BCL attack and arrested: 5 August 2018: At least five photojournalists were injured as activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League, student front of ruling Awami League, equipped with iron roads and sticks, chased nearly 50 journalists and allegedly swooped on them at Science Lab intersection in Dhaka - 6 August 2018: At least 20 plainclothes officers arrested prize-winning photographer Shahidul Alam at his home in Dhaka at about 10pm on Sunday for comments made in an interview about protests
List of journalists killed in Bangladesh since 1992: List of journalists killed in Bangladesh since 1992
2012: 30 December 2012: 2012 South Asia mourned the murder of 25 media persons, 13 journalists in Pakistan, five in India, three in Bangladesh, and two each in Nepal and Afghanistan, a report says
Newspapers in Bangladesh: Newspapers in Bangladesh
Broadcasting in Bangladesh: Broadcasting in Bangladesh - Bangladeshi television and radio channels
Internet and censorship in Bangladesh: Internet in Bangladesh - Internet censorship and surveillance in Bangladesh
2013: 4 April 2013 Bengali blog blackout - 25 April 2013 and 2 May 2013: Worldwide Protests for Free Expression in Bangladesh
Social media and telecommunications in Bangladesh: Telecommunications in Bangladesh
2018/2019 social media statistics: June 2018 - June 2019 Social Media statistics in Bangladesh
October 2018 surveillance: 19 October 2018: The Bangladesh government has embarked upon intensive and intrusive surveillance and monitoring of social media ahead of national elections, raising concern over a chilling effect on speech, according to Human Rights Watch
25 July 2019 eight people killed in lynchings: 25 July 2019: Eight people, including two women, have been killed in vigilante lynchings in Bangladesh, sparked by rumours on social media of children being kidnapped and sacrificed as offerings for the construction of a mega-bridge on the Padma, according to police, as more than 30 other people have been attacked in connection with the rumours
Crime in Bangladesh: Crime in Bangladesh
Corruption in Bangladesh: Corruption in Bangladesh - Anti Corruption Commission Bangladesh - 18 October 2005: Bangladesh has been ranked as the most corrupt country on earth in the latest list of corrupt nations published by Transparency International - Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 Bangladesh rank 144 - Bangladesh has been ranked 136th in the Corruption Perceptions Index 2013
2013: 23 December 2013: Bangladesh police brought charges over the Tazreen factory garment factory fire, accusing the owners and 11 others of negligence that led to the loss of 111 lives
2014: 9 February 2014: Fugitive owners of fire-disaster Tazreen Fashions factory sent to jail
15 June 2014: Anti-graft commission accuses 17 people with violations over 2013 garment factory collapse that killed 1130 people in Dhaka
Human trafficking in Bangladesh: Human trafficking in Bangladesh
Violence against women in Bangladesh: Violence against women in Bangladesh - Rape in Bangladesh
April 2019 murder of Nusrat Jahan Rafi: 10 April 2019 murder of Nusrat Jahan Rafi - 18 April 2019: Teenage Bangladeshi girl Nusrat Jahan Rafi who reported being sexually harassed by her headteacher has died after being set on fire at school, after police and school authorities had ignored her complaints
May 2019: 29 May 2019: Bangladeshi police are set to charge 16 people, including the headteacher of an Islamic seminary, with the murder of 19-year-old Nusrat Jahan Rafi who was burned to death
Human rights abuses in Bangladesh: Human rights abuses in Bangladesh</a>
Forced disappearance in Bangladesh: Forced disappearance in Bangladesh
Torture in Bangladesh: Torture in Bangladesh
Police brutality in Bangladesh: Police brutality in Bangladesh
Human rights, religion, religious violence and terrorism in Bangladesh: Human rights in Bangladesh - Religious violence in Bangladesh
Religion in Bangladesh - Freedom of religion in Bangladesh - Buddhism in Bangladesh - Hinduism in Bangladesh - Islam in Bangladesh
War crimes in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Liberation War 1971, war tribunal since 2011 and protests: War crimes in Bangladesh - Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 - 1971 Bangladesh atrocities
Since 1972 movement demanding trial of war criminals: Since 1972 movement demanding trial of war criminals in Bangladesh and timeline until 2013
2011 International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh: 10 August 2011: Bangladesh war tribunal to start work in Dhaka - International Crimes Tribunal (Bangladesh)
2013: 5 February 2013: Abdul Kader Mullah, senior Jamaat-e-Islami party leader, sentenced to life for crimes against humanity during 1971 war - 16 February 2013: At least four people are killed as opposition activists clash with police during protests over war crimes trial - 9 May 2013: Muhammad Kamaruzzaman sentenced to death in the fourth verdict in Bangladesh's war crimes tribunals - 15 July 2013: Special Bangladeshi court sentenced top Islamist Ghulam Azam to 90 years in prison for masterminding atrocities during the 1971 war - 17 July 2013: Bangladesh Islamist leader Mohammad Mojaheed sentenced to death for 1971 war crimes - 17 September: Bangladesh Supreme Court sentences Islamist leader Abdul Quader Mollah to death for war crimes - 12/13 December 2013: Bangladesh executes Islamist leader Abdul Quader Molla for war crimes
Violence in Bangladesh: Violence in Bangladesh
Massacres in Bangladesh: Massacres in Bangladesh - List of massacres in Bangladesh since 1971
Murder and lynchings in Bangladesh: Murder in Bangladesh
25 July 2019 eight people killed in lynchings: 25 July 2019: Eight people, including two women, have been killed in vigilante lynchings in Bangladesh, sparked by rumours on social media of children being kidnapped and sacrificed as offerings for the construction of a mega-bridge on the Padma, according to police, as more than 30 other people have been attacked in connection with the rumours
Riots, violence and terrorism in Bangladesh since 2001: Terrorism in Bangladesh
2001: 2001 Ramna Batamul bombings
2004/2005: 2004 Dhaka grenade attack - 2005 Bangladesh bombings
2012: Hathazari violence February 2012 - Fatehpur violence March 2012 - Chirirbandar violence August 2012 - Ramu violence September 2012 - 30 September 2012: Hundreds of Muslims have set fire to at least 10 Buddhist temples and 2.100 homes in southern Bangladesh after picture of allegedly desecrated Quran on Facebook - 1 October: Troops deployed after new attacks on Buddhists
2013 timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents in Bangladesh: Bangladesh timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents in 2013
2014 timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents in Bangladesh: 2014 Bangladesh timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents
2015 timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents in Bangladesh: 2015 Bangladesh timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents - 24 January 2015: At least 34 people died and scores injured amid rising political unrest fueled by a stand-off between PM Hasina and BNP - 3 February 2015: Seven people killed in in the southeastern district of Comilla after petrol bombs thrown at bus trying to enforce a transport boycott - 7 February: At least nine people, including two children, were burned alive in Dhaka when terrorists hurled petrol bombs at a packed bus and a truck - 24 October 2015: At least one person killed and nearly 80 wounded on Saturday in a bomb attack outside the main Shia site in Dhaka as thousands gathered for the annual Ashura procession
2016 timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents in Bangladesh: 2016 timeline including riots, violence and terrorist incidents in Bangladesh
July 2016 Gulshan attack: 1 July 2016 Gulshan attack - 2 July 2016: 20 hostages were killed in Dhaka attack that ended when security forces stormed the upscale restaurant where heavily armed militants were holding dozens of people
2013 Bangladesh riots and anti-Hindu violence: 2013 Bangladesh riots - 28 February: At least 30 people are reported to have been killed and hundreds injured in protests after member from Jamaat-e-Islami party Delwar Hossain Sayedee was sentenced to death for war crimes - 1 March 2013: Death toll over death sentence for convicted Delwar Hossain Sayedee reaches 42, as new round of clashes erupt in Bangladesh - 3 March: Bangladesh deploys troops in the north as six more people were killed in fresh clashes - 5 March: Jamaat-e-Islami activists clashed with security forces for a fifth day on Monday during a nationwide strike called to denounce war crimes trials, leaving at least three people dead and dozens injured
2013 Bangladesh Anti-Hindu violence - 19 December 2013: Eight Awami activists sentenced to death by a fast-track Bangladeshi court for hacking to death a Hindu man during a nationwide strike in 2012 - 7 January 2014: Seven BNP and Jamaat-e-Islami activists arrested for attacks on Hindus in Jessore and Dinajpur, after members of the community voted despite opposition's call to boycott Sunday's elections
2013 Shahbag protests: 2013 Shahbag protests - 16 February 2013: One of the organisers of the Shahbagh protest blogger Ahmed Rajib Haider’s throat was slit after he was hacked to death by the attackers, police say - 28 February 2013: Calls grow for banning Jamaat-e-Islami in BD - 2 March 2013: Police arrested five students on charges of murdering anti-Islamist blogger Ahmed Rajib Haider whose death triggered nationwide turmoil
Demand for a new blasphemy law, persecution and murder of secularists in Bangladesh: Since 2012 a number of secularist writers, bloggers, publishers and activists in Bangladesh have been killed or seriously injured in attacks amid tensions between Bangladeshi secularists, who want the country to maintain its secularist tradition of separation of religion and state, and Islamists, who want an Islamic state
2012: 16 June 2012: Journalist Zamal Uddin stabbed to death at Kashipur Bazar in Jessore district
2013: 18 February 2013: Reporters Without Borders strongly condemns the murder of Ahmed Rajib Haider, who was hacked to death in Dhaka on 15 February - 6 April 2013: Hundreds of thousands of Islamists rallied in Dhaka on Saturday to demand the execution of bloggers for allegedly defaming Islam - 6 May: At least 22 people were killed as Bangladeshi police fought pitch battles with tens of thousands of Islamists in Dhaka demanding blasphemy law - 10 June: Protestors clashed with police in several towns as the latest strike declared by the nation's largest Islamic party paralysed much of the country - 27 October: Three killed as political strike grips Bangladesh - 27 November: Bangladesh opposition supporters blocked roads and ripped up railway tracks in protests against the announcement of an election date, leaving four people dead and plunging the nation into fresh turmoi - 2 December 2013: Bangladeshi ministers escape bomb attacks ahead of next month's general elections
2015: 12 May 2015: Secular blogger Ananta Bijoy Das has been hacked to death in north-eastern city of Sylhet, the third such deadly attack this year and an attack, that fellow writers said highlighted a culture of impunity - 30 March 2015: Blogger Washiqur Rahman has been hacked to death in Dhaka, in the latest brutal attack on Bangladesh’s independent writers - 7 August 2015: Secular blogger Niloy Chakrabarti hacked to death with machetes after a gang broke into his apartment in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka on Friday, had told police of threats against him and requested protection weeks before he died - 31 October 2015: The publisher of secular books Faisal Abedin Deepan hacked to death in the Bangladeshi capital while in a separate attack in Dhaka two other writers and a publisher were stabbed and shot at a publishing house
2016: 7 April 2016: Bangladeshi law student Nazimuddin Samad, who had been on a Islamists' death list sent to Bangladesh’s interior ministry, and who criticised Islamism on his Facebook page, has been hacked to death by at least four assailants in Dhaka, the latest in a series of killings of secular activists and bloggers in the country - 23 April 2016: University English professor Rezaul Karim Siddique in Bangladesh hacked to death in an assault police say bears the hallmarks of previous killings by Islamist militants of secular and atheist activists> - 26 April 2016: USA embassy worker, LGBT rights activist Julhas Mannan and Tanay Mojumdar murdered Monday evening in Dhaka - 14 May 2016: A Buddhist monk reportedly found hacked to death on Saturday in the southeastern district of Bandarban, the latest in a spate of murders of religious minorities and secular activists
Law and and legal history in Bangladesh: Law of Bangladesh - Legal history of Bangladesh - Constitution of Bangladesh - Amendments to the Constitution of Bangladesh
Judiciary of Bangladesh: Judiciary of Bangladesh - Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the highest court of law in Bangladesh composed of the High Court Division and the Appellate Division - Dhaka High Court - Chief Justice of Bangladesh, the chief amongst the judges of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh and also head of the whole judicial establishments, including subordinate courts, appointed by The President of Bangladesh, who sits in the Appellate Division with other judges to hear and decide cases
2016: 5/6 May 2016: Bangladeshi High Court declares the 16th Amendment to the Constitution establishing Parliament’s power to remove the Supreme Court judges illegal and contradictory to the Constitution
November 2019 death sentences to Islamist militants for plotting 2016 cafe attack: 27 November 2019: Bangladesh court has handed death sentences to 7 members of an Islamist militant group for plotting an attack on a cafe in 2016 that killed 22 people, mostly foreigners, in the south Asian country’s worst such incident
Law enforcement in Bangladesh: Law enforcement in Bangladesh - Law enforcement agencies of Bangladesh
2016: 12 June 2016: 4 days after the wife of a police superintendent, who led operations against Islamist militants and drug cartels, was shot and stabbed to death in the city of Chittagong, Bangladeshi police arrest thousands, including 85 suspected Islamist radicals, trying to stop the waves of attacks on minorities and activists
Foreign relations of Bangladesh: Foreign relations of Bangladesh
Treaties of Bangladesh: Treaties of Bangladesh
Bangladesh/United Nations relations: Bangladesh/United Nations relations - 19 November 2013: Bangladesh must introduce sweeping reforms in its garment industry to maintain economic growth, the ILO says - 8 December 2013: UN launches effort to end political deadlock over the general elections on January 5 - 10 March 2014: UN envoy says Bangladesh needs billions of dollars to adapt to climate change as donors fail to match pledges with money
Bangladesh's participation UN in peacekeeping missions: Bangladesh among nations that participate in UN peacekeeping missions
Bilateral relations of Bangladesh: Bilateral relations of Bangladesh
Bangladesh/Burma relations: Bangladesh/Burma relations
2012: 13 June 2012: Bangladesh turns away Rakhine refugees - 22 July 2012: More than 300.000 from Myanmar live in makeshift camps along its border with Bangladesh as unregistered refugees
2016: 25 November 2016: Thousands of Rohingya Muslims who have fled to Bangladesh from Myanmar where they have been attacked by security forces are being pushed back by the Bangladeshi authorities, according to rights group - 28 novembre 2016: Plusieurs bateaux de Rohingyas fuyant les violences dans l'ouest de la Birmanie ont été refoulés lundi par le Bangladesh
2017: 12 September 2017: Bangladesh’s PM Sheikh Hasina has urged Myanmar to take back an estimated 370,000 Rohingya refugees who have fled across the border in recent weeks in response to a violent crackdown by the Burmese military - 23 November 2017: Myanmar and Bangladesh have signed an initial deal for the possible repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who fled violence in Rakhine state
2018: 11 avril 2018: Les enfants de la minorité Rohingya vivant dans des camps de réfugiés au Bangladesh présentent des niveaux de malnutrition et d'anémie inquiétants, taux qui dépassent largement les niveaux considérés comme nécessitant une action urgente, selon une étude publiée mardi
February 2020 overcrowded boat carrying about 138 Rohingya refugees from Bangladeshi camps has sunk: 11 February 2020: An overcrowded boat carrying about 138 Rohingya refugees from Bangladeshi camps has sunk in the Bay of Bengal, leaving at least 15 confirmed dead and more than 50 still missing, Bangladeshi officials
16 April 2020 Bangladesh rescues 382 Rohingya drifting at sea for weeks: 16 April 2020: Bangladesh's coast guard rescues 382 starving Rohingya refugees, drifting at sea for weeks after failing to reach Malaysia, lured by traffickers as owner of the boat is a Myanmar Buddhist, officials said
4 December 2020 Bangladesh begins moving Rohingya families to remote island: 4 December 2020: Bangladesh has begun moving Rohingya families from camps near the Myanmar border to a settlement on a remote island, despite concerns about its safety and a lack of consent from the refugees
Bangladesh/European Union relations: Bangladesh/European Union relations
Economic relations: The European Union is Bangladesh's largest trading parting accounting for 24% Bangladesh's total trade, clothing makes 90% of all export from Bangladesh to the EU as EU exports consists mostly of machinery and transport equipment at 49%
Bangladesh/Germany relations: Bangladesh/Germany relations - 24 April 2013: After the deadly collapse of a block housing garment factories in Dhaka, a website of a company, which had two factories in the building, listed 27 main buyers, including firms from Britain, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States
Bangladesh/India relations: Bangladesh/India relations - Indians in Bangladesh - Bangladesh–India border - 1947 Radcliffe Line - India–Bangladesh enclaves - Sharing the water of the Ganges - Transport between India and Bangladesh
2001: 2001 Bangladeshi-Indian border skirmish
2011: 6 September 2011: Bangladesh and India today signed an agreement on demarcation of land boundaries - Teesta river waters treaty on hold
2014: 26 February 2014: Why are people in Bangladesh protesting the Bollywood movie Gunday
2015: 1 August 2015: Tens of thousands of stateless people stranded for decades along the poorly defined border between India and Bangladesh can finally choose their citizenship, as the two countries swapped more than 150 pockets of land to settle the demarcation line dividing them
Bangladeshis in the Middle East: Bangladeshis in the Middle East
Bangladesh/Pakistan relations: Bangladesh/Pakistan relations - Partition of the British Indian Empire 1947 - Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 - Organisation of Islamic Cooperation's role in Pakistan-Bangladesh relationship
Stateless persons with historic links to Pakistan living in Bangladesh: Stateless persons with historic links to Pakistan living in Bangladesh - Persecution of Biharis in Bangladesh
2013: 2013 siege of the Pakistani embassy in Dhaka
2014: 15 June 2014: At least nine people, including three children and two women, killed and 30 injured in a fire during clashes at a refugee camp in Dhaka
Bangladesh/Saudi Arabia relations: Bangladesh/Saudi Arabia relations - 8 October 2011: Saudi public beheading of eight Bangladesh workers condemned
Bangladesh/United Arab Emirates relations: Bangladesh/United Arab Emirates relations - Bangladeshis in the United Arab Emirates
Bangladesh/United Kingdom relations: Bangladesh/United Kingdom relations - British Raj - British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947 - 26 April 2013: British low-cost fashion line Primark and Spanish giant Mango have acknowledged having their products made in the collapsed factory bloc in Dhaka, that has so far claimed the lives of over 250 local workers - hundreds of thousands of workers walked out of their factories in solidarity with their dead colleagues on Thursday
Bangladesh/USA relations: Bangladesh/USA relations
2012/2013: 27 November 2012: Walmart admits goods made at Bangladesh fire factory near Dhaka - 27 November 2012: US retailer ends relationship with unnamed Bangladesh textile firm - 27 juin 2013: Les Etats-Unis ont imposé des sanctions commerciales au Bangladesh invoquant les dangereuses conditions de travail
2015/2016: 27 February 2015: USA citizen Avijit Roy, whose blog championed liberal secular writing in the Muslim-majority nation of Bangladesh, hacked to death by unidentified assailants in Dhaka - 26 April 2016: USA embassy worker, LGBT rights activist Julhas Mannan and Tanay Mojumdar murdered Monday evening in Dhaka - 21 November 2016: Alliance consortium, which includes Walmart, Gap and Target, has pushed back deadlines to implement fire exits, alarms and structural renovations more than three years after deadly Rana Plaza collapse, after Walmart declined to sign an accord and founded an alliance including Gap, Target, Hudson’s Bay Company, whose brands include Saks Fifth Avenue and Lord & Taylor, and VF Corporation, whose brands include North Face, Timberland, Vans and Wrangler, independent survey says
Environment of Bangladesh: Environment of Bangladesh - Climate of Bangladesh
Climate change in Bangladesh: Climate change in Bangladesh
Ecoregions of Bangladesh: Ecoregions of Bangladesh - Forests of Bangladesh - Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests, a subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion which occupies the lower hillsides of the mountainous border region joining India, Bangladesh, and Burma - Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests - Sundarbans is a vast forest in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal which is one of the natural wonders of the world
Environmental issues in Bangladesh: Environmental issues in Bangladesh - Environmental concerns in Bangladesh
Water and groundwater salinity in Bangladesh: Water in Bangladesh - Groundwater salinity in Bangladesh - in the coastal regions of Bangladesh, which make up 32% of the land in the country, there are problems of salinity due to high tides and reduced flow in rivers during the dry season
Cyclones and flooding: Cyclones and flooding - flooding has been cited as one of the 'main obstacles to the economic improvement of the nation', affecting the agricultural economy and the food security of Bangladesh since almost 74% of the land is cultivated
December 2020 frequency of natural disasters making life in rural areas increasingly difficult: 16 December 2020: The frequency of natural disasters is making life in rural areas increasingly difficult, pushing inhabitants into city slums, as extreme weather is emptying Bangladesh's villages
Natural disasters in Bangladesh: Natural disasters in Bangladesh - Environment of Bangladesh
Floods and landslides in Bangladesh: Floods in Bangladesh - Since 1972 Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre in Bangladesh
July/August 2007 South Asian floods: July/August 2007 South Asian floods
2012 Bangladesh floods and landslides: 27 June 2012: More than 50 people have been killed in landslides after three days of rains
June 2017 Bangladesh landslides: June 2017 Bangladesh landslides
August 2017 Bangladesh, India and Nepal floods: 16 August 2017: Nearly 250 people have died in the last few days as a result of flooding and landslides that have devastated parts of northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh
July 2019 South Asia floods: July 2019 South Asia floods, as monsoonal downpours caused widespread flooding and landslides across Bangladesh, China, India, and Nepal
July 2019 Bangladesh, India and Nepal floods: 14 July 2019: Monsoon-triggered floods and landslides have killed at least 85 people in South Asia in the past few days, as at least 16 people have been killed in lightning strikes, flooding and landslides in Bangladesh - 26 juillet 2019: Alors que le niveau des eaux continue de monter, le Bangladesh déplore déjà 114 décès liés à la mousson.
July 2020 Bangladesh floods and Landslides: 28 July 2020: Bangladesh floods and Landslides, affecting people in low-lying areas, as as of 25 July 93 fatalities, around 3.3 million affected people, and around 732,000 waterlogged people across 21 Districts of the country were reported and as worst affected districts include the Jamalpur (Mymensingh Division) and the Sunamganj Districts, and as covid-19 pandemic puts further challenges to the response and assistance to the most affected communities - 28 July 2020 monsoon situation in South Asia
29 July 2021: At least six Rohingya refugees killed as floods hit camps in Bangladesh: 29 July 2021: At least six Rohingya refugees killed as floods hit camps in Bangladesh, as shelters swept away and activists say people stuck in Cox’s Bazar are highly vulnerable to the ‘rapidly changing climate’
Tornadoes, storms and weather events in Bangladesh: Tornadoes in Bangladesh
1989: April 1989 Daulatpur–Saturia, Bangladesh tornado was an extremely dangerous tornado that occurred in the Manikganj District
2016: 16 mai 2016: La foudre a tué 59 personnes en trois jours au Bangladesh, la plupart des victimes sont des paysans frappés alors qu'ils travaillaient dans leurs rizières
Tropical cyclones and storms in Bangladesh: Tropical cyclones in Bangladesh
2013/2014: 23 March 2013: Tornado in eastern Brahmanbaria district leaves 20 dead, 200 injured - Cyclone Mahasen May 2013 - 17 May 2013: At least 45 deaths related to cyclone Mahasen were reported in Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka - 28 April 2014: A severe storm left at least nine people dead and about 1,000 homeless after hitting northern Bangladesh
May 2016 Cyclonic Storm Roanu: May 2016 Cyclonic Storm Roanu caused severe flooding in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh
May 2017 Cyclone Mora: May 2017 Cyclone Mora - 30 mai 2017: Le cyclone Mora a fait cinq morts mardi au Bangladesh et a endommagé des milliers d'habitations
April/May 2019 Cyclone Fani: April/May 2019 Cyclone Fani - 5 May 2019: Cyclone Fani killed at least 12 people in India's Odisha state before swinging north-eastwards into Bangladesh, where five more people died, but the evacuation of millions of people across the two countries is believed to have saved many more lives
November 2019 Cyclone Bulbul: November 2019 Cyclone Bulbul - 9 novembre 2019: Les autorités du Bangladesh ont évacué vendredi 100'000 personnes des villages côtiers et des îles et prévoyaient d'en évacuer dans la journée un total d'un million et demi avant l'arrivée du cyclone Bulbul - 10 November 2019: Cyclone Bulbul lashed northeastern India and Bangladesh, killing several people in both countries after more than 2 million moved to shelters across Bangladesh's vast coastal region, officials and news reports said
May 2020 Cyclonic Storm Amphan: May 2020 Cyclonic Storm Amphan over the Bay of Bengal threatening Odisha and West Bengal in India as well as Bangladesh - 20 May 2020: Super cyclone Amphan evacuations in India and Bangladesh slowed by virus, as thousands of migrant workers left jobless by covid-19 pandemic are still on the roads, and evacuations have been hampered by distancing rules - 21 May 2020: Floods, rain hit Bangladesh and India amid deadly cyclone Amphan
Earthquakes in Bangladesh: Earthquakes in Bangladesh
2016: January 2016 Bangladesh and Northeast India earthquake


Brunei - Geography of Brunei - History of Brunei - Demographics of Brunei
Economy of Brunei: Economy of Brunei - main industries include petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction - Companies of Brunei
Energy in Brunei: Energy in Brunei
Petroleum and natural gas in Brunei: Petroleum in Brunei - Brunei LNG, established in 1969, owned by the Government of Brunei (50%), Shell Overseas Trading Limited and Mitsubishi Corporation (both 25%) - Brunei Shell Petroleum Co Sdn Bhd
Society, demographics and human rights in Brunei: Bruneian society - Demographics of Brunei - Human rights in Brunei
22 October 2013: Sultan of Brunei introduces tough Islamic punishments including death by stoning
Politics of Brunei: Politics of Brunei - Political parties in Brunei - Brunei People's Party, established in 1956 to bring Brunei into full independence from the United Kingdom, is a banned party since 1962 - National Development Party, registered political party, but legislative elections have not been held in Brunei since 1962 - Brunei National Solidarity Party, banned in 1988, legislative elections have not been held in Brunei since 1962
Legislative Council of Brunei: Legislative Council of Brunei
Foreign relations of Brunei: Foreign relations of Brunei - ASEAN–China Free Trade Area
Brunei/Indonesia relations: Brunei/Indonesia relations
Brunei/Japan relations: Japanese occupation of British Borneo 1941-1945
Brunei/Malaysia relations: Brunei/Malaysia relations - Brunei and Malaysia
Brunei/Netherlands relations: 3 January 2012: Tainted ‘symbiotic partnership’ between Brunei regime and Netherland's Shell
Brunei/United Kingdom relations: Brunei/United Kingdom relations - British Borneo 1846-1963 - Brunei Revolt 1962-1966, in 1962 rebels began co-ordinated attacks on the oil town of Seria (targeting the Royal Dutch Shell oil installations) and on police stations and government facilities around the protectorate - Brunei and Malaysia - Brunei pulled out of the Malaysia Agreement 1963 and became independent from the United Kingdom on 1 January 1984 - Brunei Shell Petroleum Co Sdn Bhd


Burma - Geography of Burma - History of Burma - British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948 - Demographics of Burma
Economy of Burma: Economy of Burma - main industries include agricultural processing, wood and wood products, copper, tin, tungsten, iron, cement, construction materials, pharmaceuticals, fertilizer, petroleum and natural gas, garments, jade and gems - List of companies of Burma
Energy in Burma: Energy in Burma - Hydroelectric power stations in Burma - Dams in Burma
Oil and gas industry in Myanmar: Oil and gas industry in Myanmar
Mining in Myanmar: Mining in Myanmar - Pinpet Mining Project and forced relocations and displacement
Jade production and trade in Burma: Jade production and trade in Burma
November 2015 jade mine landslide: November 2015 Hpakant jade mine disaster - 23 novembre 2015: Les secours birmans sont à la recherche de personnes portées disparues après le gigantesque glissement de terrain survenu dans une mine de jade dans le nord du pays, faisant plus d'une centaine de morts
April 2019 jade mine landslide and collapse: April 2019 Hpakant jade mine collapse - 23 avril 2019: Au moins 54 personnes sont portées disparues après un glissement de terrain dans une mine de jade dans l'Etat Kachin dans le nord de la Birmanie
July 2019 jade mine landslide: 28 July 2019: A landslide at a jade mine in Hpakant township in the northern Kachin state reportedly killed at least 14 people including a policeman, as rescuers frantically searched for more victims
2 July 2020 landslide at Myanmar jade mine: 2 July 2020: Landslide at northern Myanmar Hpakant jade mine kills at least 123 people, as fire service puts death toll even higher, saying workers were ‘smothered by a wave of mud’
Garment production in Burma: Garment production in Myanmar (Burma)
2012: 17 March 2012: Six top garment makers moving to low-wage Burma
2017: 5 February 2017: Low labour costs in Myanmar have encouraged international brands to switch production from more expensive countries, there are now more than 400 factories in the country, employing 350,000 people, 90% of them women, and between 2010 and 2014 exports tripled to £787m - 5 Februar 2017: As the conditions for workers in the garment industry are far from acceptable, over the past few years Myanmar has rapidly become a popular sourcing destination for this industry employing children
Agriculture in Burma: Agriculture in Burma is the main industry in the country, accounting for 60% of the GDP and employing some 65% of the labor force - Crops are rice, corn, pulses, peas, onions, groundnuts, seeds, sesame, spices, sugarcane
Opium production in Burma: Opium production in Burma
2012: 31 October 2012: Opium production 'on the rise in SE Asia' and Burma as the world's second-largest producer of opium, UN study says
Forestry and deforestation in Burma: Forests of Myanmar - Forestry in Burma - Deforestation in Burma
Water in Burma: Water in Burma - Bodies of water of Burma - List of rivers of Burma
Tourism in Burma: Tourism in Burma - Visitor attractions in Burma
Banking in banks in Myanmar: List of banks in Myanmar - Foreign banks in Myanmar - State-run banks in Myanmar
Central Bank of Myanmar: Central Bank of Myanmar
Since 1930s Rangoon Stock Exchange: Since 1930s Rangoon Stock Exchange
Economic history of Myanmar and economic cycles: Economic history of Myanmar - History of transport in Myanmar
Since 1965 macro-economic trends, GDPs and foreign investments in Myanmar: Since 1965 macro-economic trends, GDPs and foreign investments in Myanmar
2003 Myanmar banking crisis: 2003 Myanmar banking crisis
Since 2010s Thilawa Special Economic Zone: Since 2010s Thilawa Special Economic Zone developed in Kyauktan and Thanlyin Townships south of Yangon city, as Thilawa SEZ is being developed by a joint venture, initially between the Japan External Trade Organization and the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry, then Burmese and Japanese governments established a consortium including Japan Thilawa SEZ Company (backed by Mitsubishi, Marubeni and Sumitomo corporations), Myanmar Thilawa SEZ Holdings
Since 2011 economic liberalisation and crisis: Since 2011 economic liberalisation and crisis since 2021 miltary coup
16 March 2021 prices soar in Myanmar as coup exacerbates covid-19 crisis: 16 March 2021: Food and fuel prices soar in Myanmar as coup exacerbates covid-19 crisis, and as World Food Programme says people already reeling from pandemic are facing double-digit price increases in staple foods
Labour in Myanmar and trade unions in Myanmar: Labour in Myanmar and trade unions in Myanmar - Trade unions in Myanmar
Military of Burma: Military of Burma - Military history of Burma
19th century Anglo-Burmese Wars: Anglo-Burmese wars - First Anglo-Burmese War 1824-1826 - Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852 - Third Anglo-Burmese War 1885 - Burmese resistance movement 1885–1895
Since 1948: 1948–present internal conflict in Burma
1962 Burmese coup d'état: 1962 Burmese coup d'état marking the beginnings of the political dominance of the army which spanned the course of 26 years and further
2018 Myanmar’s military admits murder of captured Rohingya: 11 January 2018: Myanmar’s military has admitted that its soldiers murdered 10 captured Rohingya who it claims were 'terrorists' during insurgent attacks at the beginning of September 2017, after local Buddhist villagers had forced the men into a grave they had dug
1 February 2021 governments and right groups condemn military takeover in Myanmar: 1 February 2021: From across the globe, governments condemn military takeover in Myanmar, as countries call for restoring democracy, as USA urges release of detained officials, warns it will act if coup not reversed, and as rights groups also defend 'the right of Myanmar’s people to choose their own government'
Politics of Burma: Politics of Burma - 1947 Constitution of Myanmar - 2008 Constitution of Myanmar
1948-1962 Post-independence Burma: 1948-1962 Post-independence Burma - 1945-1958 Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League - 1948-1962 Chamber of Deputies in Burma
Since 1948 Internal conflict in Burma: Internal conflict in Burma since 1948, one of the world's longest-running civil wars and began shortly after the country's attainment of independence from the United Kingdom in 1948 - List of insurgent groups in Myanmar
1951-1952 General elections held in Burma: 1951-1952 General elections held in Burma over several months due to internal conflict within the country
April 1956 Burmese general election: 27 April 1956 Burmese general election
February 1960 Burmese general election: 6 February 1960 Burmese general election
March 1962 Burmese coup d'état: March 1962 Burmese coup d'état marking the beginnings of the political dominance of the army which spanned the course of 26 years and further
1962/1963: 1962-1963 Rangoon University protests, a series of marches, demonstrations, and protests against stricter campus regulations, the end of the system of university self-administration, and the policy of the new military regime of General Ne Win
Since 1962 and 1988 protests in Myanmar: Since 1962 and 1988 protests in Myanmar
Democracy movements and political parties in Burma: Burmese democracy movements - Political parties in Burma - National League for Democracy - Aung San Suu Kyi
March-September 1988 popular pro-democracy protests: Nationwide popular pro-democracy protests, a series of marches, demonstrations, protests March-September 1988 and on 8 August 1988
18 September 1988: 18 September 1988 State Law and Order Restoration Council seizing power
1988-2011: 1988-2011 State Law and Order Restoration Council, named State Peace and Development Council since 1997
Since 2007 Burmese anti-government protests: 2007 Burmese anti-government protests - Timeline of the 2007-2008 Saffron Revolution - International reactions to the 2007-2008 Saffron Revolution
2010 Burmese general election: Burmese general election 2010
Since 2011 Burmese political reforms, ongoing repression and elections: 2011-2012 Burmese political reforms - Elections in Burma - 29 June 2011: Military regime warns Suu Kyi ahead of tour of country - 4 July 2011: Aung San Suu Kyi for the first time travelling since release - trip to Bagan - 7 July 2011: Crowds throng as Suu Kyi visits Bagan - 14 August: Pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi made first political trip outside Rangoon since release, calling for national unity - 19 August: Auung San Suu Kyi meets army backed President Thein Sein amid government's attempts to soften its image - 12 octobre 2011: Des dizaines de prisonniers politiques vont être libérés - 18 November: Suu Kyi's democracy party to rejoin Burma politics - 2 December: Opposition leader Suu Kyi says after a meeting with Hillary Clinton that improved ties with USA can help democratisation
2012: Burmese by-elections 2012 - 10 January 2012: Suu Kyi to run for Myanmar parliament in April by-elections - 13 January: Myanmar frees more political prisoners - ceasefire with Karen rebels signed - 17. Januar 2012: Burmas Präsident stoppt das Militär und stärkt Schutz von Minderheiten - 12 February 2012: Myanmar MPs tackle first budget in decades - Burmese by-elections 1 April 2012 - 1 April: Voting under way for 45 seats in parliament, with pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi among those standing - 2 avril: L'opposante Aung San Suu Kyi élue députée, selon la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie gagnant 43 sièges sur 44 - 2 April: Pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi says she hopes Sunday's by-elections marked the start of a new era in Burma - 16 juin 2012: Aung San Suu Kyi reçoit son Prix Nobel de la Paix 1991 à Oslo - 20 August: Burma ends media censorship - 7 September: Myanmar appoints first female Cabinet minister - 17 September: Burma has released more than 500 prisoners, including some of the country's remaining political detainees and a number of foreigners - 30 September: Thein Sein 'would accept Suu Kyi as president' - 29 November 2012: Riot police fired water cannon to disperse people near the central town of Monywa protesting against the expansion of a copper mine jointly owned by the Burmese military and Chinese arms manufacturer Norinco - 30 November: Opposition leader Suu Kyi criticises police behind crackdown on mine protest that injured dozens, including Buddhist monks - 2 December 2012: Police apologise for mine crackdown as government forms commission to be headed by Aung San Suu Kyi to investigate raid
2013: 10 mars 2013: Aung San Suu Kyi, réélue à la tête du LND à l’occasion du tout premier congrès du parti, appelle à l’unité - 25 May: Two-child limit for Muslims in parts of Myanmar - 24 July 2013: The government reportedly agreed to release some 70 political prisoners, after President Thein Sein vowed to free all dissidents by the end of the year
2014: 2014-2015 Myanmar students national education law protests
September/October 2014: 7 September 2014: The government has called off an election scheduled for the end of this year to fill 35 vacated seats in parliament - On 7 September 2014, Union Election Commission cancelled the by-election because the period for campaigning would take place too close to that of the general elections in 2015 - 31 October 2014: Former military commander Thein Sein has opened unprecedented talks with Aung San Suu Kyi and other politicians as USA's Obama called for 'inclusive and credible' elections in 2015
November/December 2014 Burmese by-elections: Cancelled Burmese by-elections November/December 2014
2015: 8 July 2015: Burma to hold general election on 8 November 2015 - 13 August 2015: Security forces in Naypyidaw surround the headquarters of Burma's military-backed ruling party, and senior regime figures are removed from their posts, as tensions mount ahead of elections in November - 14 August: Regime gags media linked to parliamentary speaker Shwe Mann after he and his allies were dramatically purged from ruling party's leadership by Thein Sein in a controversy over the military's political role - 18 August: Aung San Suu Kyi says she and her party will work with purged ruling party leader Shwe Mann
August-September 2015: August-September 2015 'Black Ribbon Movement' Myanmar, a movement of medical professions and medical students against the appointment of military officers to positions within Ministry of Health in Myanmar in August 2015
September 2015: September 2015 'Yellow Ribbon Campaign' of Myanmar, a movement of lawyers against the appointment of retired military officers to positions in judiciary practice in Myanmar, yellow ribbon refers to the yellow badge of civil servants in judiciary
November 2015 Burmese/Myanmar general election: Burmese general election on 8 November 2015 - 9 November: Aung San Suu Kyi's party heading for victory - 10 November: Myanmar election 'credible', say EU observers, as Aung San Suu Kyi eyes victory - 15 November 2015: Former junta general Thein Sein 'will hand power' to Aung San Suu Kyi after poll win, vowing a smooth transition of power
2016 poverty and ethnic tensions left over from years under military junta: 1 February 2016: Poverty, ethnic tensions left over from years under military junta and China top agenda for Myanmar's new politicians, now dominated by the former opposition National League for Democracy - 15 March 2016: Myanmar's parliament elects Suu Kyi confidant as president, making Htin Kyaw the first head of state who does not hail from a military background since the 1960s
September/November 2017 Aung San Suu Kyi's controversial speech as UN's visit cancelled: 20 September 2017: Following weeks of silence in the face of claims of ethnic cleansing against Myanmar’s Rohingya population, Aung San Suu Kyi has delivered a controversial speech reportedly containing truths, half-truths and falsehoods - 28 September 2017: UN says a planned visit to Myanmar's Rakhine state, which has seen a mass exodus of Rohingya Muslims, has been cancelled by the authorities - 28 September 2017: UN chief urges Myanmar to end military operations in Rohingya crisis - 20 November 2017: Myanmar's Suu Kyi blames illegal immigration for world's conflicts in speech welcoming European and Asian foreign ministers to Naypyitaw
October 2019 actors jailed for show poking fun at military: 31 October 2019: Myanmar actors jailed with hard labour for show poking fun at military, as five group members get one-year terms under law that bans information that endangers or demoralises military
6 November 2020 Myanmar minorities excluded from voting in election: 6 November 2020: Myanmar minorities, including Rohingya, excluded from voting in election, as rights groups say poll, which Aung San Suu Kyi’s NLD is expected to win but will exclude about 2.6 million ethnic-minority voters, is ‘fundamentally flawed’
8 November 2020 Myanmar general elections amid covid-19: 8 November 2020 Myanmar general elections, as voting will occur in all constituencies, excluding seats appointed by or reserved for the military - Economic issues ahead of November Myanmar general elections, as according to the IMF Myanmar has seen a sharp decline in exports, remittances, and tourist arrivals due to the covid-19 pandemic, as domestic economic activity has also been constrained by measures taken to control the spread of the virus, and as additionally nearly four out of five workers in Myanmar are employed in the informal sector, with limited access to social safety nets to help cope with any economic fallout
13 November 2020 Aung San Suu Kyi’s party will return to power for another 5 year term: 13 November 2020: Aung San Suu Kyi’s party will return to power for another 5 year term after securing a widely predicted victory in the country’s general election, winning 346 of the 412 seats declared so far, a result driven by her continued status as an icon of democracy in the country despite international outrage at her treatment of the Rohingya
15 January 2021 UN steps up support for thousands of Rohingya refugees, left homeless: 15 January 2021: UN agencies have stepped up efforts to help thousands of Rohingya refugees left without shelter after a devastating fire tore through a crowded refugee camp in south-eastern Bangladesh on Thursday
February 2021 Myanmar coup d'état: 1 February 2021 Myanmar coup d'état
1 February 2021 across the globe governments and right groups condemn military takeover in Myanmar: 1 February 2021: From across the globe, governments condemn military takeover in Myanmar, as countries call for restoring democracy, as USA urges release of detained officials, warns it will act if coup not reversed, and as rights groups also defend 'the right of Myanmar’s people to choose their own government' - 1 February 2021: Ten years of freedom ends, as Myanmar's tarnished heroine Suu Kyi sees dark days return, now calling for Myanmar protests in wake of coup
2 February 2021: Aung San Suu Kyi's party calls for her release: 2 February 2021: The party of Aung San Suu Kyi has called for her immediate release and for Myanmar’s 2020 election results to be acknowledged by the military, which took power in a coup on Monday
Since 2 February 2021 Myanmar protests: Since 2 February 2021 Myanmar protests, domestic civil resistance efforts in opposition to the 2021 coup d'état, staged by the Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces, as of 10 February 2021 190 people have been detained in relation to the coup after protesters have employed peaceful and nonviolent forms of protest, which include acts of civil disobedience, labour strikes, a military boycott campaign, a pot-banging movement, a red ribbon campaign, public protests, and formal recognition of the election results by elected representatives
3 February 2021 ousted Myanmar leader facing prison as civil disobedience campaign against military coup grows: 3 February 2021: Myanmar police have charged ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi with possession of illegally-imported walkie-talkies, which could result in a two-year prison sentence, as a civil disobedience campaign grew against the military’s coup against her government
4 February 2021 army blocks internet services access as civil disobedience grows: 4 January 2021: Myanmar’s army has ordered internet service providers to block access to Facebook as it attempts to stamp out signs of dissent, days after it ousted the democratically elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi
5 February 2021 resistance against military coup continues: 5 février 2021: La contestation s’intensifie, l’armée durcit sa répression
6 February 2021 tens of thousands protest against coup despite internet blackout: 6 February 2021: Tens of thousands protest against coup despite internet blackout, as demonstrators in standoff with police demand the release of elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi, as in the main city Yangon, protesters chanted 'down with the military dictatorship' and carried images of the ousted leaders Aung San Suu Kyi and Win Myint, whose party won a landslide election in November, and as the military detained both in raids early on Monday morning not been seen in public since
7 February 2021 tens of thousands march against military coup for second day: 7 February 2021: Tens of thousands in Myanmar march against military coup for second day, as demonstrators on the streets of towns and cities across the country vowed to continue their protests until their elected leaders are released and democracy returns, despite junta blocking internet access and restricting phone lines
8 February 2021 demonstrators filled the streets for a third day of street demonstrations against the ousting of the democratically elected government: 8 February 2021: From the Himalayan town of Putao to cities on the shore of the Andaman Sea, demonstrators filled the streets for a third day of street demonstrations against the ousting of the democratically elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi, as police used water cannon on demonstrators and as some protesters appeared to have been hurt when they were knocked to the ground
9 February 2021 increasingly brutal crackdown and live ammunition: 9 February 2021: Police in Myanmar have responded with increasing violence to protests against last week’s military coup, using water cannons, rubber bullets and live ammunition in a crackdown that left a woman in a critical condition on Tuesday, as tens of thousands of people marched in towns and cities across the country - 9 February 2021: Two people in critical condition after police shoot peaceful protesters with live bullets in Naypyitaw, as attack came amid increasingly brutal crackdown after the regime banned gatherings of more than four people
13 February 2021 anger over arrests in Myanmar at anti-coup protests: 13 February 2021: Anger over arrests in Myanmar at anti-coup protests
14 February 2021 tanks on streets of Myanmar city prompt USA embassy warning: 14 February 2021: Tanks on streets of Myanmar city prompt USA embassy warning, as USA also warns of ‘military movements’ in Yangon and expects internet to be cut in next 12 hours
15 February 2021 troops and police forcefully disperse marchers in Mandalay: 15 February 2021: Troops have joined police in forcefully dispersing marchers in the city of Mandalay in northern Myanmar, as protests against the military coup continued despite the deployment of extra soldiers in some areas and an eight-hour internet blackout overnight
18 February 2021 'broken-down' cars bring Myanmar streets to standstill as protesters try to block movement of security forces: 18 February 2021: 'Broken-down' cars bring Myanmar streets to standstill in coup protest, as protesters try to block movement of security forces and civil servants, while hackers targets military
20 February 2021 at least two anti-coup protesters in Myanmar have been shot dead by riot police: 20 February 2021: At least two anti-coup protesters in Myanmar have been shot dead by riot police, emergency workers have said, amid continuing demonstrations demanding an end to military rule and the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and others
21 February 2021 tens of thousands of citizens in defiance of the military using deadly force condemned by UN and others: 21 February 2021: Tens of thousands of people took to the streets of Myanmar in defiance of the military on Sunday, despite a violent crackdown the previous day in which two protesters were killed, as the use of deadly force against demonstrators on Saturday was condemned by the UN, as well as European countries and Singapore, while Facebook announced it had deleted the military’s main page, saying the army had breached its standards prohibiting the incitement of violence
22 February 2021 military regime threatening pro-democracy protesters: 22 février 2021: Depuis trois semaines et malgré les morts, les manifestants pro-démocratie restent mobilisés contre la junte birmane qui n’hésite pas à tirer sur la foule
27 February 2021 regime launched crackdown: 27 February 2021: Regime launched most sweeping crackdown in three weeks of protests against military rule on Saturday in towns and cities across Myanmar, and one woman was shot and wounded and dozens of people were detained, as activists urge major 'Milk Tea' protest on Sunday
28 February 2021 at least 18 protesters killed in Myanmar on bloodiest day of protests against coup, UN says: 28 February 2021: Myanmar police fired on protesters around the country on Sunday in the bloodiest day of weeks of demonstrations against a military coup and at least 18 people were killed, the UN human rights office said, as police were out in force early and opened fire in different parts of the biggest city of Yangon after stun grenades, tear gas and shots in the air failed to break up crowds, and as soldiers also reinforced police
2 March 2021 Myanmar police fire stun grenades injuring protesters as Asean ministers seek end to violence: 2 March 2021: Three people have been critically injured after security forces fired live rounds at anti-coup protesters in north-western Myanmar, medics said, as south-east Asian powers met to pressure the junta over its deadly crackdown
3 March 2021 dozens killed in Myanmar's worst day of violence since coup: 3 March 2021: Dozens killed in Myanmar's worst day of violence since coup as regime forces open fire on peaceful anti-coup protesters in Yangon, Mandalay and elsewhere, demanding that the military restore democracy
5 March 2021 Myanmar’s security forces opened fire on peaceful anti-coup protesters in several towns and cities: 5 March 2021: Myanmar’s security forces opened fire on peaceful anti-coup protesters in several towns and cities, in the worst week of violence since the military coup last month, as at least 38 people were killed in one day, sparking international outrage - 5 March 2021: Wai Yan Phyo Mo, one of the leaders of the protest movement in Myanmar, pledges that civil disobedience will mean the end of the regime, saying 'we don’t accept this dictatorship’
6 March 2021 defense of strangled democracy in Myanmar continues: 6 mars 2021: Des manifestants pro-démocratie continuent à descendre dans les rues samedi en Birmanie, au lendemain d’une nouvelle réunion du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU, divisé sur la réponse à apporter à la répression militaire qui a déjà fait des dizaines de morts
7 March 2021 tens of thousands turn out for Sunday protests despite overnight raids: 7 March 2021: Tens of thousands turn out for Sunday protests despite overnight raids, as demonstrations held in more than half a dozen cities after soldiers and police moved in on several districts in Yangon - 7 March 2021: Myanmar military hires PR agent to explain 'real situation' to west, as Ari Ben-Menashe, a Tehran-born, Israeli-Canadian lobbyist, former arms dealer, and former Israeli spy says generals have been ‘misunderstood’ as police continue to fire on protesters, also saying his political consulting firm, Dickens and Madson Canada, had been hired by Myanmar’s generals
8 March 2021 more people killed when police fired on protesters in Myitkyina town: 8 March 2021: Myanmar military regime forces have raided the Yangon offices of a local media outlet as the ruling junta widens its efforts to suppress opposition to the coup it carried out more than a month ago, and as two people were killed when police fired on protesters in the northern town of Myitkyina on Monday according to witnesses - 8 mars 2021: Le mouvement social dans le pays, paralysé par une grève générale, ne faiblit pas malgré les violences policières qui ont encore fait des victimes lundi
13 March 2021 six protesters killed as world leaders vow to restore democracy: 13 March 2021: At least 6 protesters were killed by regime forces in Myanmar, witnesses and media have reported, as activists marked the anniversary of a student whose killing in 1988 sparked an uprising against the military government, as 3 people were killed and several injured when police opened fire on a sit-in protest in Mandalay, and as another person was killed in the central town of Pyay and two died in police firing in the commercial capital Yangon
14 March 2021 citizens killed in Myanmar protests as civilian leader says people should defend themselves: 14 March 2021: People killed in deadliest days since Myanmar was thrust back under military rule, as a group of ousted MPs urged citizens to defend themselvesduring the nation’s 'darkest moment'
15 March 2021 outrage in Myanmar after activist allegedly tortured to death: 15 March 2021: Outrage in Myanmar after activist allegedly tortured to death, as photographs seen by the Guardian testify to the gruesome death of prominent community leader Zaw Myat Lynn - 15 mars 2021: Au moins 138 manifestants ont été tués depuis le coup d’Etat du 1er février en Birmanie et les victimes étaient des manifestants pacifiques
16 March 2021 mass funerals held in Myanmar: 16 March 2021: Mass funerals held as Myanmar coup death toll revised and as mourners gather in townships across Yangon after dozens of people were killed in recent days
19 March 2021 regime forces fire on protesters again as Indonesia appeals for peace: 19 March 2021: Military regime forces in Myanmar have opened fire on anti-coup demonstrators in several cities, killing at least nine people, according to local news outlets, as Indonesia issued an unusually blunt call to end the violence and restore democracy
23/24 March 2021 Myanmar set for silent strike after regime killed a young girl: 23 March 2021: Seven-year-old girl killed in Myanmar after regime forces open fire and the girl was shot in her home, the youngest victim so far in crackdown against opposition to military coup and rule - 24 March 2021: Myanmar set for silent strike after violence claims youngest victim, and as pro-democracy protesters also held more candle-lit vigils overnight including in a district of the commercial
26 March 2021 number of protesters killed in Myanmar since coup has surpassed 320: 26 March 2021: The number of protesters killed in Myanmar since February’s military coup has surpassed 320, according to the country’s AAPP, which said its total only included documented cases and that the real number was likely to be much higher, as the latest tally came as security forces shot and killed three more anti-junta protesters on Friday
27 March 2021 Myanmar generals celebrated 'Armed Forces Day' killing at least 90 people including children: 27 March 2021: Myanmar military regime's forces have shot and killed at least 90 people across the country, local media reported, as protesters against the 1 February military coup came out on the streets of Yangon, Mandalay and other towns on Saturday, defying a warning that they could be shot 'in the head and back' as the country’s generals celebrated 'Armed Forces Day'
28 March 2021 troops open fire at funeral as Myanmar mourns bloodiest day since coup: 28 March 2021: Myanmar regime forces opened fire on mourners gathered for the funeral of one of the 114 people killed the previous day, the bloodiest day of protests since the military coup on 1 February, as there were no immediate reports of casualties at the funeral in the town of Bago near Yangon, according to 3 people who spoke to Reuters, as UN special rapporteur for Myanmar said the army was carrying out 'mass murder' and called on the world to isolate the junta and halt its access to weapons - 28 March 2021: At least 114 civilians were killed on the day, according to news portal Myanmar Now, taking the overall number of those reported killed since the coup to more than 440, as fear turns to fury in Myanmar as children shot by military
29 March 2021 Myanmar airstrikes cause thousands to flee across Thailand border: 29 March 2021: Myanmar airstrikes cause thousands to flee across Thailand border, as about 3,000 estimated to have crossed over after junta attacks areas mostly populated by Karen people
31 March 2021 Myanmar detainees recount military’s cruelty: 31 March 2021: Released from detention in Myanmar, protesters and journalists have described beatings, squalid conditions and cruelty under the military dictatorship that is opposed by most of the population
2 April 2021 Myanmar military expands internet shutdown: 2 April 2021: Myanmar’s military junta has expanded an internet shutdown, further stifling access to information in the country, where hundreds of people have been killed and disappeared following a coup in February
3 April 2021 Myanmar military forces open fire on anti-coup protesters: 3 April 2021: Myanmar military forces open fire on anti-coup protesters, as reports say 550 people dead, including 46 children, and almost 3,000 detained since February coup
4 April 2021 thousands back on the streets in 'Spring Revolution' against violent military regime: 4 April 2021: Opponents of military rule in Myanmar inscribed messages of protest on Easter eggs on Sunday while thousands of others were back on the streets, denouncing the 1 February military coup and facing off with the regime forces who shot and killed two men
6 April 2021 wanted lists published as junta extends crackdown targeting citizens over support for anti-coup protests: 6 April 2021: Wanted lists published in Myanmar as junta extends crackdown and citizens targeted over support for anti-coup protesters
7 April 2021 ousted MPs accuse military of human rights abuses: 7 April 2021: A group representing Myanmar’s ousted elected government has said it has gathered 180,000 pieces of evidence showing human rights abuses by the military, including hundreds of extrajudicial executions, torture and illegal detentions
10 April 2021 doctors under fire as Myanmar military targets efforts to aid injured protesters: 10 April 2021: Doctors under fire as Myanmar military targets efforts to aid injured protesters, as medics tell of attacks on staff and ambulances to stop treatment of patients and punish those who took part in national strike, and as military reportedly raided facilities, searched and fired at ambulances, detained, beaten and even killed colleagues
12 April 2021 UN in Myanmar reiterated its call for an end to violence against civilians: 12 April 2021: More than 80 people lost their lives on Friday as military regime forces reportedly used heavy weapons against protesters in the town of Bago northeast of Yangon, according to media reports, as UN Country Team in Myanmar on Monday reiterated its call for an end to violence against civilians, amid reports of dozens of deaths in the latest crackdown on protests
16 April 2021 opponents of Myanmar's junta announced a 'National Unity Government': 16 April 2021: Opponents of Myanmar's junta announced a 'National Unity Government' on Friday including ousted members of parliament and leaders of anti-coup protests and ethnic minorities, saying their aim was to end military rule and restore democracy
24 April 2021 protesters continued to take to the streets including in northern Kachin state: 24 April 2021: In Myanmar, protesters continued to take to the streets on Saturday, including in northern Kachin state, where demonstrators wore blue shirts to symbolise detainees, as Indonesian president Joko Widodo says
25 April 2021 HRW told Asean leaders not to 'pat themselves on the back' for getting Myanmar’s military to agree to end deadly violence: 25 April 2021: Human Rights Watch has told south-east Asian leaders not to 'pat themselves on the back' for getting Myanmar’s military rulers to agree to end deadly violence, saying a consensus reached by Asean lacks specifics and makes no mention of freeing political prisoners
27 April 2021 ethnic armed group seizes military base near Thai border: 27 April 2021: One of Myanmar’s ethnic armed groups, which have spent decades fighting the military for greater autonomy, said it had captured a military base near the Thai border, as the military staged airstrikes several hours later on villages in territory controlled by the group
1 May 2021 three months of military rule: 1 mai 2021: Assignée à résidence, coupée du monde et inculpée à de multiples reprises, l’ancienne dirigeante birmane Aung San Suu Kyi entame samedi son quatrième mois en détention - 1 mai 2021: Le Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU a réclamé vendredi dans une déclaration unanime l’application du plan de l’Asean en cinq points en faveur notamment d’une 'cessation immédiate de la violence en Birmanie', un texte adouci à la demande de la Chine et de la Russie
2 May 2021 eight citizens killed as military regime's forces open fire on protesters: 2 May 2021: Eight citizens killed as military regime's forces open fire on protesters in Myanmar, and as protests against military rule were some of the biggest in days after a spell of dwindling crowds, as protests were now coordinated with demonstrations in Burmese communities around the world to mark what organisers called 'the global Myanmar spring revolution'
9 May 2021 military junta labels opposition government of ousted MPs a ‘terrorist’ group: 9 May 2021: Seeking to quell ongoing protest, Myanmar's military junta labels opposition government of ousted MPs a ‘terrorist’ group, banning the opposition national unity government and contact with them, as fighting has also flared on Myanmar’s periphery with ethnic armies that have been fighting for decades, some of which have rallied behind the protesters
23 May 2021 over 125,000 school teachers suspended for joining a civil disobedience: 23 May 2021: More than 125,000 school teachers in Myanmar have been suspended for joining a civil disobedience movement to oppose the military coup that overthrew the country’s elected government in February, according to Myanmar Teachers’ Federation
24 May 2021 Myanmar's ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi attended a court hearing: 24 mai 2021: L’ex-dirigeante birmane Aung San Suu Kyi, inculpée à de multiples reprises par la junte, a comparu lundi en personne devant un tribunal dans la capitale Naypyidaw pour la première fois depuis le coup d’Etat du 1er février, selon AFP
27 May 2021 advocacy groups called on French 'Total' and USA's 'Chevron' to further cut ties with Myanmar’s military: 27 May 2021: Advocacy groups have called on French fossil fuel giant Total and USA company Chevron to further cut ties with Myanmar’s military, after announcing they would suspend dividend payments to the junta from a large gas project in the wake of February’s coup, as advocacy groups said 90% of the money the junta makes from the Yadana gasfield joint venture with Total and Chevron – as well as the gas itself – continues to flow
29 May 2021 Myanmar shadow government allies with rebels against military rule: 29 May 2021: Myanmar shadow government allies with rebels against military rule, as Rebel Chin National Front signs an agreement with the National Unity Government to ‘demolish the dictatorship’ and restore federal democracy following February’s coup
1 June 2021 Myanmar's Army launched airstrikes on towns amid heightened tensions between the military and a civilian resistance: 1 June 2021: Burma (Myanmar) Army launched airstrikes on several towns amid heightened tensions between the military and a civilian resistance group in northern Burma, as according to locals, Tatmadaw — as it's called locally — dropped bombs on Katha, in Sagaing Region, and Shwegu, located in Kachin State, on Sunda
5 June 2021 Myanmar military forces kill villagers in delta region according to media report: 5 June 2021: Myanmar military forces clash with villagers in delta region, media report 20 dead people
6 June 2021 thousands of anti-coup protesters across Myanmar calling for a 'spring revolution': 6 June 2021: Thousands of anti-coup protesters took to the streets across Myanmar on Sunday, calling for a 'spring revolution' as the country began its fourth month under a military regime, and as cities, rural areas, remote mountainous regions and even the country's rebel-controlled border territories have witnessed protests against the junta
9 June 2021 Thai border network helps people flee Myanmar military crackdown: 9 June 2021: Thai border network helps people flee Myanmar military crackdown
10 June 2021 Aung San Suu Kyi's trial nears, amid state crimes against Myanmar's people: 10 June 2021: Aung San Suu Kyi faces fresh corruption charges in Myanmar as trial nears, as other former officials from her government have been hit with fresh corruption charges, too, after military coup on 1 February has plunged the south-east Asian country into chaos and state crimes against Myanmar's people
11 June 2021 UN warns of intensifying violence in Myanmar: 11 June 2021: UN warns of intensifying violence in Myanmar, as UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet says military government is ‘singularly responsible’ for violence and ‘must be held to account’
15 June 2021 HRW says UN put Rohingya ‘at risk’ by sharing data without consent: 15 June 2021: The UN may have put hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees at risk of persecution or involuntary repatriation back to Myanmar after improperly collecting and sharing refugees’ personal information with Bangladesh, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW), which is urging an investigation
17 June 2021 Kin Ma village, in central Myanmar's Magway region torched by the military junta: 17 June 2021: Kin Ma village, in central Myanmar's Magway region, has been torched by the military junta, killing at least two people and reducing about 200 homes to piles of ash and rubble, residents have told local media, as junta forces set fire to the village after fighting with opponents of the junta, according to residents, and as more than 1,000 people are sheltering in the forest and nearby villages, while at least two elderly people, who had been unable to flee, were burned to death, villagers told the Irrawaddy news site, available in english
5 July 2021 British-funded task force to investigate Myanmar military abuses: 5 July 2021: British-funded task force to investigate Myanmar military abuses, after Myanmar military again killed at least many citizens in raid on central town and residents tell Myanmar media killings in Sagain region came amid confrontation with armed opponents to the coup
1 August 2021 Myanmar’s military leader has declared himself PM: 1 August 2021: Myanmar’s military leader - in the new month - has declared himself PM and said he will lead the country under the nation’s state of emergency until elections are held in two years’ time, in August 2023 – vastly extending the timeline given when the military deposed Aung San Suu Kyi six months ago
3 August 2021 killed children since the Myanmar February coup: 3 August 2021: At least 75 children have been killed in Myanmar since the military coup six months ago, as 'Al Jazeera' gives some of their names and stories
5 August 2021 Myanmar’s UN envoy accuses military junta of township massacre: 5 August 2021: Myanmar’s UN envoy accuses military junta of township massacre, as Kyaw Moe Tun, who has defied regime attempts to sack him, tells UN it must take action over killings in remote Sagaing area
17 August 2021 commanders of the KNDO admitted that security forces under their control killed 25 men in June: 17 August 2021: Senior commanders of the Karen National Defence Organisation (KNDO) have admitted that security forces under their control detained and later killed 25 men in June in its territory near Myanmar’s border with Thailand, human rights group Fortify Rights said
18 August 2021 more than thousend civilians murdered since February 2021 coup d'état: 18 août 2021: Plus d’un millier de civils ont été tués depuis le coup d’Etat militaire et durant les six mois qui ont suivi la prise de pouvoir de la junte, la population birmane a subi une répression sanglante, détaille mercredi une ONG
11 September 2021 deadly unrest in Myanmar as opposition urges ‘the UN to recognise the National Unity Government: 11 September 2021: Deadly unrest in Myanmar as opposition urges ‘defensive war’, and as opposition to launch a campaign urging the UN to recognise the National Unity Government as Myanmar’s legitimate representative amid escalating violence
23 September 2021 Myanmar junta abducting children of people targeted for arrest, says UN expert: 23 September 2021: Myanmar junta abducting children of people targeted for arrest, says UN expert, as children as young as 20 weeks old are being seized to force opponents to hand themselves in
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Burma: Burmese society - Human rights in Burma
Administrative divisions of Burma - regions, states, districts and cities of Burma: Administrative divisions of Burma - regions and states of Burma - Districts of Burmahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cities_and_largest_towns_in_Myanmar
Cities and largest towns in Myanmar: List of cities and largest towns in Myanmar, cities by urban population
Ports and harbours of Myanmar: Ports and harbours of Myanmar
Yangon city: Yangon city (also known as Rangoon), the capital of the Yangon Region and the largest city of Myanmar, as Yangon served as the capital of Myanmar until 2006, when the military government relocated the administrative functions to the purpose-built capital city of Naypyidaw in north central Myanmar, and as with over 7 million people, Yangon is Myanmar's most populous city and its most important commercial centre - List of universities and colleges in Yangon
Economy of Yangon: Economy of Yangon, as the city is the country's main centre for trade, industry, real estate, media, entertainment and tourism, representing about one fifth of the national economy, 23% of the national GDP - Companies based in Yangon
Thilawa Port (Yangon Port): Thilawa Port (Yangon Port), a deep river port 16 kilometres south of downtown Yangon as Thilawa Port is the largest port terminal in Myanmar and, alongside the Port of Yangon, one of the two main ports of Yangon - Myanma Port Authority
Timeline of Yangon: Timeline of Yangon since 6th century CE
Since 1878 University of Yangon: Since 1878 University of Yangon, formerly Rangoon College, the oldest university in Myanmar's modern education system and the best known university in Myanmar
Since 1993 Dagon University: Since 1993 Dagon University, located in North Dagon in Yangon, one of the largest universities in Myanmar, offering bachelor's and master's degrees in liberal arts and sciences to full-time, part-time and online students
Yangon in the 21st century: Yangon in the 21st century
Mandalay city: Mandalay city, the second-largest city in Myanmar located on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, 716 km north of Yangon, with a population of 1,225,553 citizens in 2014
Economy and education of Mandalay: Economy and education of Mandalay
History and timeline of Mandalay: History and timeline of Mandalay
Sittwe city: Sittwe city, the capital of Rakhine State, located on an estuarial island created at the confluence of the Kaladan, Mayu, and Lay Mro rivers emptying into the Bay of Bengal, as the city has 181,000 inhabitants in 2006
Sittwe Port: >Since 2013 Sittwe Port, a deepwater port constructed by India in 2016 at Sittwe, the capital of Rakhine State in Myanmar, on the Bay of Bengal, and situated at the mouth of the Kaladan River
Ayeyarwady Region occupying the delta region of the Ayeyarwady River
Bago region located in the southern central part of the country
Chin state
Kachin state - Kachin Independence Movement was founded during the British colonial occupation of Burma in the 1940s to address questions of ethnic group and minority rights
1961–1994, 2011–present: Kachin conflict, first conflict 1961–1994 and second conflict 2011–present
April 2018: 29 April 2018: Thousands of people have fled renewed fighting between Myanmar’s army and ethnic insurgents in the country’s northern Kachin state and many civilians remain trapped, according to UN
Kayah state
Kayin state - 1949-present Karen conflict is an armed conflict in Burma known as the 'longest civil war in the world' - Karen refugee camps - Karen National Union is a political organization with an armed wing, the Karen National Liberation Army
2010–2012: 2010–2012 Burma border clashes
Magway region
Mandalay Region located in the center of the country
2013: 2013 Myanmar anti-Muslim riots, a series of conflicts in various cities throughout central and eastern Myanmar
Mon state
Naypyidaw Union Territory
Rakhine state situated on the western coast - History of Rakhine
2012 Rakhine state riots: 2012 Rakhine state riots
2018: 17 January 2018: Myanmar police opened fire on a crowd of ethnic Rakhine Buddhists as they tried to seize a government office, in unrest that left seven dead
January 2019: 6 January 2019: Rakhine insurgents have killed 13 policemen and injured nine in attacks on four police posts in Myanmar’s Rakhine state as the country marked Independence Day, after fighting renewed in Rakhine state in early December between government forces and the rebel Arakan Army, which wants greater autonomy for Rakhine, where the mainly Buddhist Rakhine ethnic group makes up the majority
Since 1947 Rohingya denied citizenship and rebellion: Since 1947 Rohingya rebellion in Western Burma, armed conflict between the state of Burma and its Rohingya Muslim minority most of them have been denied citizenship by the Burmese government
Since 1962 military rule and persecution of Muslims: Since 1962 General Ne Win's totalitarian rule, political dominance of the army in Burma and persecution of Muslims
Since 2016 Northern Rakhine State clashes: Since 2016 Northern Rakhine State clashes
2016–2017 Rohingya persecution in Myanmar: The 2016–2017 Rohingya persecution in Myanmar refers to the ongoing military crackdown by Myanmar's armed forces and police on Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State in the country's northwestern region
Sagaing Region, administrative region of Myanmar, located in the north-western part bordered by India’s Nagaland, Manipur, and Arunachal Pradesh States to the north, Kachin State, Shan State, and Mandalay Region to the east, the urban population in 2012 was 1,230,000 and the rural population was 5,360,000
2013 riots: 2013 Myanmar anti-Muslim riots, a series of conflicts in various cities throughout central and eastern Myanmar
Shan state - Kokang is a self-administered zone of Burma located in the northern part of Shan State - August 2009 Kokang incident
2013: 2013 Myanmar anti-Muslim riots, a series of conflicts in various cities throughout central and eastern Myanmar
2015: 2015 Kokang conflict and offensive launched by the Burmese Army in February 2015 in Kokang in northern Shan State
12 May 2018: At least 19 people have been killed in fresh clashes between Myanmar’s military and an ethnic armed group in the remote northern Shan state, as fighting in the country’s borderlands intensifies
Tanintharyi Region covering the long narrow southern part of the country on the Kra Isthmus
Yangon Region located in the heart of Lower Myanmar and dominated by its capital city of Yangon, the former national capital and the largest city in the country
Demographics and ethnic groups in Burma: Demographics of Burma - Ethnic groups in Burma
Bamar people - Burmese language
Chinese people in Burma constitute 3.0% of the Burmese population in 2012
Burmese Indians constitute 2.0% of the Burmese population in 2011
Karen people refer to a number of Sino-Tibetan language speaking ethnic groups which reside primarily in Karen State, southern and southeastern Burma - 1949-present Karen conflict is an armed conflict in Burma known as the 'longest civil war in the world' - Karen National Union is a political organization with an armed wing, the Karen National Liberation Army - 2010–2012 Burma border clashes
Red Karen subgroup of the Karen people, a Sino-Tibetan people living mostly in Kayah State of Burma
Mon people are an ethnic group from Burma living mostly in Mon State, Bago Region, the Irrawaddy Delta and along the southern border of Thailand and Burma
Rakhine people forming the majority along the coastal region of present day Rakhine State - Arakanese language
Rohingya people are Muslim people who live in northern Rakhine and speak the Rohingya language - Persecution of Muslims in Burma - Rohingya conflict in Western Burma since 1947 - 2015 Rohingya refugee crisis - 29 May: Numbers are now 'alarming' in South-east Asia migrant crisis, Bangkok talks told
2016–2017 Rohingya persecution in Myanmar: The 2016–2017 Rohingya persecution in Myanmar refers to the ongoing military crackdown by Myanmar's armed forces and police on Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State in the country's northwestern region
Since 2017 ongoing persecution and crackdown: Since 2017 ongoing persecution and crackdown, killings, village burning, sexual violence and looting
September 2020 Rohingya's seven-month ordeal on trafficking boat: 12 September 2020: Three Rohingya refugees die days after seven-month ordeal on trafficking boat, as 300 people disembarked in Indonesia in a ‘terrible condition’ after being held hostage at sea by traffickers demanding payment
Shan people are a Tai ethnic group of Southeast Asia
Culture of Burma and languages in Burma: Culture of Burma - Languages of Burma
Religion and freedom of religion in Burma: Religion in Burma/Myanmar - Freedom of religion in Burma
Polygamy in Myanmar: Gender in Myanmar: Gender in Myanmar
Polygamy in Myanmar
Women and women's rights in Myanmar: Women in Myanmar - Women's rights in Myanmar - Women's League of Burma, a community-based organisation working on the rights of women from Burma, with a focus on systematic sexual violence in ethnic areas, and women's involvement in political processes, especially in the peace process - Since 2003 Myanmar Women's Affairs Federation, formed 20 December as a voluntary non-governmental organisation for the advancement of all women, regardless of nationality, race or religion
Children and youth in Myanmar: Children in Myanmar - Youth in Myanmar
2017: 23 May 2017: As many as 150 children die every day in Myanmar before they reach their fifth birthday, says Unicef report, calling for the government to end blocks on humanitarian access to conflict areas and to reach children worst affected by conflict and poverty
Education in Burma: Education in Burma
Schools in Burma - 2 April 2013: Muslim school fire kills at least 13 in Yangon
Health in Myanmar: Health in Myanmar
Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Myanmar: Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Myanmar, part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS-CoV-2
1 November 2020 53,405 covid-19 cases in Myanmar and 1,258 deaths: 1 November 2020: 53,405 covid-19 cases in Myanmar and 1,258 deaths
Maternal and child health in Myanmar: Maternal and child health- and healthcare in Myanmar
2018 malnutrition in refugee camps: 11 avril 2018: Les enfants de la minorité Rohingya vivant dans des camps de réfugiés au Bangladesh présentent des niveaux de malnutrition et d'anémie inquiétants, taux qui dépassent largement les niveaux considérés comme nécessitant une action urgente, selon une étude publiée mardi
Healthcare in Myanmar: Health infrastructure in Myanmar, having 6 medical universities (5 civilian and one military) - Medical and health organisations in Myanmar
Hospitals in Myanmar: Hospitals in Myanmar
21 May 2021 Myanmar doctors sound covid warning as neighbours see record cases: 21 May 2021: Doctors in Myanmar have warned the country would be unable to cope with a major outbreak of covid-19 as hospitals and medical facilities struggle to function in the aftermath of February’s military coup, as fears are growing about the potential impact of a highly transmissible variant as neighbouring countries, chiefly India but also Thailand and Laos, battle record numbers of covid cases
Media of Burma: Media of Burma
Freedom of the press, of speech, polical freedom and censorship in Myanmar: Freedom of the press, of speech and polical freedom in Myanmar - Censorship in Burma
2016/2017: 2016/2017 Myanmar's media landscape was marked by the delay of legislative reforms, and the increasing use of litigious tactics to hamper media freedom, according to latest 'Freedom House' report
Since January 2018 detention of Reuters journalists: 5 January 2018: Detention of Reuters journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo threatens press freedom, 'Freedom House' says - 10 January 2018: Prosecutors in Myanmar have formally charged two Reuters journalists covering Rohingya crisis with violating the Official Secrets Act, signalling the case will go forward despite international condemnation
April 2018: 11 avril 2018: En dépit des pressions internationales, la justice birmane maintient les poursuites contre deux journalistes de Reuters qui ont enquêté sur un massacre de Rohingyas
September-November 2018: 3 September 2018: Two Reuters journalists arrested in Myanmar while investigating a massacre of Rohingya Muslims sentenced to seven years in prison in a landmark case that has prompted international outrage and been seen as a test of progress towards democracy in the south-east Asian country - 5 November 2018: Lawyers for two Reuters journalists sentenced to seven years in prison in Myanmar for possession of official documents are appealing the verdict
Newspapers in Burma: Newspapers in Burma
Broadcasting in Myanmar: Radio in Myanmar - Television in Myanmar
Internet in Myanmar: Internet in Myanmar - Internet censorship in Myanmar
September 2018: 6 September 2018: The jailing of two Reuters reporters while investigating the Rohingya crisis has sparked mounting public protests in Myanmar, with an online campaign under the hashtag #ArrestMeToo gathering pace
Freedom of religion, conflicts, violence and repression in Burma: Freedom of religion in Burma - Religion in Burma/Myanmar
2012 Rakhine state riots: 2012 Rakhine state riots - 10 June 2012: Violence involving Buddhists and Muslims has left 17 people dead and hundreds of properties damaged in the western state of Rakhine - 11 June: Curfew imposed in Rakhine following clashes between Buddhists and Muslims - 13 June: UN envoy visiting Rakhine state - 18 August: Burma sets up a commission to investigate recent violence between Buddhists and Muslims in the west of the country - 25 October: New wave of sectarian violence in western Myanmar leaves five people dead and dozens injured, triggering another exodus of Muslims to emergency camps - 28 October: More than 22.000 people have been displaced in Rakhine state, surging towards already overcrowded camps after new communal violence that has left dozens dead - 30 October: Fear, mistrust grip Myanmar's volatile Rakhine region - one Buddhist was shot dead and another wounded when security forces opened fire in Kyauknimaw
2013: 2013 Myanmar anti-Muslim riots, a series of conflicts in various cities throughout central and eastern Myanmar - 22 March 2013: Two days of clashes between Buddhists and Muslims in Meikhtila town leave at least 20 people dead - 23 March: Army patrols central city of Meikhtila where several days of clashes between Buddhists and Muslims left dozens of people dead and scores of buildings in flames - 24 March: Dozens of houses and a mosque have been torched as communal violence spread again in central Myanmar - 22 April: Myanmar accused of 'ethnic cleansing' - 22 April 2013: Video shows police standing by while Buddhist rioters attack minority Muslims in the town of Meiktila - 22 April 2013: Ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity committed against Myanmar's ethnic Rohingya people, according to a report by Human Rights Watch - 1 May: Buddhists hurling bricks overran a pair of mosques and set hundreds of homes ablaze in central Myanmar, injuring at least 10 people - 25 May: Two-child limit for Muslims in parts of Myanmar
2014: 28 February: Medecins Sans Frontieres' shock at Myanmar suspension, providing emergency assistance to tens of thousands of Rohingya people - 1 November 2015: UN urged to investigate 'strong evidence' of Rohingya genocide in Burma committed against stateless ethnic Muslim minority
2016–2017 Rohingya persecution in Myanmar: The 2016–2017 Rohingya persecution in Myanmar refers to the ongoing military crackdown by Myanmar's armed forces and police on Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State in the country's northwestern region - 24 November 2016: Thousands of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar have fled to neighbouring Bangladesh to escape military operations that have left scores of people dead and as many as 30,000 displaced, as a senior UN official accuses the government of seeking to ethnically cleanse the country of its Muslim minority, and Bangladesh tightens border controls
February 2017: 9 February 2017: More than 1,000 Rohingya feared killed in Myanmar army crackdown, according to two UN officials dealing with refugees fleeing the violence
August-December 2017: 24 August 2917: Excessive force won’t solve Myanmar’s Rohingya crisis, according to international commission appointed by Aung San Suu Kyi - 25 August 2017: At least 71 people, including 12 members of the security forces, have been killed in Myanmar’s northern Rakhine state after Rohingya militants attacked border police, ushering in the bloodiest day of fighting since conflict broke out last year - 27 August 2017: Death toll rises as clashes between army and Rohingya continue for third day, while thousands flee across border to Bangladesh - 31 August 2017: Tens of thousands of Rohingya Muslims make desperate attempts to flee the worst violence in at least five years, as monitors say fleeing Rohingya report that the army and Buddhist vigilantes have unleashed a campaign of arson aimed at driving the Muslim population out - 4 September 2017: Myanmar blocks all UN aid to civilians at heart of Rohingya crisis - 6 September 2017: Aung San Suu Kyi silent on Rohingya, blasting 'iceberg of misinformation' aimed at aiding 'terrorists', as Muslim countries and the UN chief are all pressuring to act amid rising violence - 8 September 2017: Nobel laureate Desmond Tutu has called on Aung San Suu Kyi to end the violence against her country’s Rohingya Muslim minority - 13 September 2017: Myanmar's government says 40% of Rohingya villages targeted by army are now empty - 14 September 2017: New footage and satellite evidence reveals scorched-earth campaign against Rohingya - 17 September 2017: Fresh fears for newborn babies as Rohingyas’ plight worsens - 18 September 2017: Thousands of Rohingya Muslims in violence-racked northwest Myanmar are pleading with authorities for safe passage from two remote villages that are cut off by hostile Buddhists and running short of food - 25 September 2017: Evidence of rape among Rohingya women fleeing Myanmar military, UN medics say, as nearly 430,000 Rohingya flee campaign of violence - 11 October 2017: Bangladeshi hospital's 'Rohingya wing' overwhelmed as refugees keep coming - 16 octobre 2017: Au moins cinq personnes sont mortes et des dizaines sont portées disparues après le naufrage d'un bateau transportant des Rohingyas fuyant la Birmanie vers le Bangladesh - 17 October 2017: UN released aerial footage showing thousands of Rohingya Muslims after they crossed the Naf river into Bangladesh, joining at least 536,000 Rohingya Muslims who have fled Myanmar since Augus - 20 October 2017: More than 300,000 Rohingya refugee children 'outcast and desperate', Unicef says - 2 November 2017: Aung San Suu Kyi makes first visit to site of anti-Rohingya violence, that has been almost emptied of its Rohingya Muslim population fleeing army attacks, meeting remaining Rohingya residents - 10 November 2017: 'Rampant malnutrition’ reported following Rohingya exodus from Myanmar to Bangladesh as agencies warn shocking new figures may be tip of the iceberg - 16 November 2017: Widespread and systematic attacks on civilians by Myanmar security forces documented by rights groups including Human Rights Watch - 14 décembre 2017: Au moins 6700 Rohingyas, dont 730 enfants, tués en un mois, selon MSF - 18 December 2017: Satellite images show that dozens of Rohingya villages were burned the week Myanmar signed an agreement with Bangladesh to repatriate hundreds of thousands of refugees, according to Human Rights Watch
January-April 2018: 10 January 2018: Tens of thousands of Rohingya children have been left 'trapped and almost forgotten' in remote, squalid camps and isolated villages in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, according to UN - 11 January 2018: Myanmar’s military has admitted that its soldiers murdered 10 captured Rohingya who it claims were 'terrorists' during insurgent attacks at the beginning of September 2017, after local Buddhist villagers had forced the men into a grave they had dug - 17 January 2018: UN chief and rights groups raise concerns over Rohingya deal - 1 February 2018: Report confirms Myanmar massacre of Rohingya and 5 mass graves, as government continues to deny such killings ever happened - 29 April 2018: UN security council delegation overwhelmed by suffering at Rohingya camps, hearing pleas for action by the UN and involvement of the international criminal court
June 2018: 27 juin 2018: Le chef de l'armée birmane et 12 autres haut gradés responsables d'une 'offensive systématique et orchestrée' contre les musulmans rohingyas, doivent être poursuivis pour crimes contre l'Humanité, a accusé mercredi Amnesty international
August 2018: 28 August 2018: The day after a damning UN report concluded that genocide had occurred in Myanmar under her watch, Aung San Suu Kyi used a public appearance at the University of Yangon to discuss only poetry and literature
November 2018: 15 November 2018: Bangladesh has said it is fully prepared to begin repatriating Rohingya refugees to Myanmar but emphasised it would not force anyone to go back against their will, as refugees don't want to board trucks and buses, refusing to return without citizensip and rights - 19 novembre 2018: Des policiers birmans ont blessé par balles dimanche quatre réfugiés qui se trouvaient dans un camp
Crime in Burma: Crime in Burma
War crimes in Burma: War crimes in Burma
Terrorism in Burma: Terrorism in Burma
Corruption in Myanmar: Corruption in Myanmar
Human trafficking in Burma: Human trafficking in Burma
Illegal logging in Burma: Illegal logging in Burma
Illegal drug trade in Burma: Illegal drug trade in Burma
Law and law enforcement in Burma: Burmese law - Constitution of Myanmar - 2008 Constitution of Myanmar - Law enforcement in Burma
Judiciary of Myanmar: Judiciary of Myanmar
1937 'Trials in Burma': 'Trials in Burma' written in 1937 by Maurice Collis, who served in Burma in the Indian Civil Service under the British Empire, part of a huge machine which existed to protect British interests
Since 2011 Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar: Since 2011 Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar
Since 2011 Supreme Court of Myanmar: Since 2011 Supreme Court of Myanmar
Myanmar Police Force: Myanmar Police Force
Foreign relations of Burma: Foreign relations of Burma
Treaties of Myanmar: Treaties of Myanmar
Membership of Myanmar in international organisations:
Burma/United Nations relations: Burma/United Nations relations - 30 April 2012: UN's Ban Ki-moon urges Burma to unite on path to change - 14 juin 2012: Devant la Conférence internationale du travail, l'opposante Aung San Suu Kyi appelle à investir en Birmanie - 24 May 2014: UN's human rights envoy to Myanmar Tomas Ojea Quintana expresses concern over the military's veto power on constitutional changes
2015: 2015 Rohingya refugee crisis, concerning Myanmar, Bangladesh and Southeast Asian countries including Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand - 27 May 2015: ASEAN has to help Rohingya more, UN refugee agency says - 29 May: Numbers are now 'alarming' in South-east Asia migrant crisis, Bangkok talks told
2017: 14 March 2017: UN special rapporteur on human rights Yanghee Lee calls for investigation into rights abuses following bloody crackdown against the Muslim minority, saying that a full purge could be the ultimate goal of the institutional persecution and horrific violence being perpetrated against the Rohingya - 19 May 2017: Myanmar failing to stop spread of religious violence, UN envoy says - 18 July 2017: Fears grow of terminal decline in Burma-UN relations as top UN official is denied access to area at centre of alleged human rights abuses and stonewalled by government - 13 September 2017: Aung San Suu Kyi to miss UN general assembly later this month amid criticism over Rohingya crisis - 20 décembre 2017: La rapporteuse spéciale de l'ONU sur les droits humains en Birmanie Yanghee Lee a annoncé que les autorités birmanes l'avaient interdite d'accès dans le pays et qu'elles ne coopéreraient pas avec elle
August 2018 UN report on crimes against humanity: 27 August 2018: A UN report, based on the fact-finding mission prompted by the UN security council visit in March, has accused Myanmar’s military of genocide against the Rohingya in Rakhine state, and alleged that the army was responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity against minorities across the country - Report of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar
September 2018: 18 septembre 2018: L'ONU veut exclure l'armée birmane de la vie politique dénonçant sa brutalité
May 2019: 14 May 2019: The international community must cut off all support to Myanmar’s military as part of efforts to hold army commanders to account for crimes against humanity and genocide, UN investigators have said following a fact-finding mission in the country
December 2019 Aung San Suu Kyi defends government against accusations of genocide: 11 décembre 2019: L'ancienne icône de la démocratie Aung San Suu Kyi a nié mercredi devant la Cour internationale de justice toute 'intention génocidaire' contre la minorité musulmane rohingya en Birmanie - 12 December 2019: Aung San Suu Kyi criticised in court over 'silence' on Myanmar rape claims
April 2020 UN's Yanghee Lee accuses Myanmar of alleged crimes against humanity: 29 April 2020: UN human rights expert on Myanmar Yanghee Lee has called for a new investigation into allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity during recent fighting, saying 'while the world is occupied with the covid-19 pandemic, the Myanmar military continues to escalate its assault in Rakhine state, targeting the civilian population'
15 June 2021 HRW says UN put Rohingya ‘at risk’ by sharing data without consent: 15 June 2021: The UN may have put hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees at risk of persecution or involuntary repatriation back to Myanmar after improperly collecting and sharing refugees’ personal information with Bangladesh, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW), which is urging an investigation
Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN, political and economic organization of ten Southeast Asian countries, formed in 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand and since then expanded to include Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), and Vietnam
2015: 21 May 2015: Indonesia’s FM Retno Marsudi, Malaysia’s FM and more foreign diplomats are converging on Burma, seeking to discuss the Asian migrant crisis which is widely believed to have its roots in the mass fleeing of the country’s persecuted Rohingya minority
August 2018: 24 August 2018: More than 130 lawmakers from across Southeast Asia today demanded the international community bring officials in Myanmar to justice and before International Criminal Court for atrocity crimes committed against the Rohingya population of Rakhine State - 24 August 2018: APHR board member and Indonesian MP Eva Kusuma Sundari says it is time that Asean countries 'set aside their destructive non-interference policy and take genuine action', adding 'we cannot allow these atrocities to take place in one of our member countries with complete impunity'
Since 1995 Southeast Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty: Since 1995 Southeast Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty SEANWFZ
Tripoint of Burma, Laos and Thailand: The 'Golden Triangle' (Burma, Laos, Thailand tripoint, one of the most extensive opium-producing areas) designates the confluence of the Ruak River and the Mekong River
Bilateral relations of Myanmar: Bilateral relations of Myanmar
Myanmar (Burma)/Australia relations: Myanmar (Burma)/Australia relations
7 March 2021 Australia suspends military cooperation with Myanmar following last month's coup: 7 March 2021: Australia has suspended military cooperation with Myanmar and redirected aid to non-government organisations in response to escalating violence in the wake of last month’s military coup, as foreign affairs minister, Marise Payne, says the government has raised grave concerns about the increasingly bloody repression of protest since the ousting of democratically elected Aung San Suu Kyi on 1 February
Burma (Myanmar)/Bangladesh relations: Burma/Bangladesh relations
2012: 13 June 2012: Bangladesh turns away Rakhine refugees - 22 July 2012: More than 300.000 from Myanmar live in makeshift camps along its border with Bangladesh as unregistered refugees
2015: 12 May 2015: Fears up to 6,000 asylum seekers are trapped at sea off south-east Asia
2017: 12 September 2017: Bangladesh’s PM Sheikh Hasina has urged Myanmar to take back an estimated 370,000 Rohingya refugees who have fled across the border in recent weeks in response to a violent crackdown by the Burmese military - 23 November 2017: Myanmar and Bangladesh have signed an initial deal for the possible repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who fled violence in Rakhine state - 22 décembre 2017: Jusqu'à un quart des enfants rohingyas réfugiés au Bangladesh sont atteints de malnutrition aiguë et sont exposées à de nombreuses maladies, selon Unicef
2018: 17 January 2018: Concerns are growing among UN agencies and humanitarian groups over an agreement between the Bangladesh and Myanmar governments to repatriate several hundred thousand Rohingya refugees within two years - 15 March 2018: Myanmar will take back fewer than 400 Rohingya refugees of the 8,000 who have said they would voluntarily return from Bangladesh
April 2018: 11 avril 2018: Les enfants de la minorité Rohingya vivant dans des camps de réfugiés au Bangladesh présentent des niveaux de malnutrition et d'anémie inquiétants, taux qui dépassent largement les niveaux considérés comme nécessitant une action urgente, selon une étude publiée mardi
27 April 2020 a ‘human tragedy of terrible proportions’, according to UN, as Bangladesh 'always asked to take care': 27 April 2020: In a ‘human tragedy of terrible proportions’, according to UN, as Bangladesh urged to open its ports and allow boats carrying hundreds of Rohingya refugees to come ashore so they can be given urgent medical care, food and water, as boats with children recently seen in the Bay of Bengal but have reportedly returned to the high seas, and as last week Bangladesh’s FM said the boats would not be allowed entry, adding 'Bangladesh is always asked to take care of the responsibility of other countries'
22 March 2021 'massive' fire in Rohingya refugee camps forces 20,000 to flee: 22 March 2021: At least 20,000 Rohingya have fled a huge blaze engulfing shanty homes at refugee camps in south-eastern Bangladesh in the third fire to hit the settlements in four days, as nearly 1 million of the Muslim minority from Myanmar live in cramped and squalid conditions at the camps in the Cox’s Bazar district, with many fleeing a military crackdown in their homeland in 2017
Burma/Canada relations: Burma/Canada relations
18 February 2021 Canada imposes sanctions on Myanmar military officials in response to coup d’état: 18 February 2021: Canada imposes sanctions on Myanmar military officials in response to coup d’état
7 March 2021 consulting firm, Dickens and Madson Canada hired by Myanmar’s generals: 7 March 2021: Myanmar military hires PR agent to explain 'real situation' to west, as Ari Ben-Menashe, a Tehran-born, Israeli-Canadian lobbyist, former arms dealer, and former Israeli spy says generals have been ‘misunderstood’ as police continue to fire on protesters, also saying his political consulting firm, Dickens and Madson Canada, had been hired by Myanmar’s generals - 7 March 2021: Tens of thousands turn out for Sunday protests despite overnight raids, as demonstrations held in more than half a dozen cities after soldiers and police moved in on several districts in Yangon
Burma (Myanmar)/China relations: Burma/China relations - Chinese people in Burma - Sino-Burma pipelines since 2013/2014 - Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar (Burma) Forum for Regional Cooperation since 1999
Burma (Myanmar)/Germany relations: Myanmar/Germany relations
November 2019 German citizen killed in land mine explosion: 27 November 2019: Germany confirmed that a German citizen was killed in a land mine explosion in northern Myanmar, as Myanmar in 2018 recorded 430 land mine casualties, the fourth highest total in the world after Afghanistan, Syria and Yemen, according to the 2019 Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor
Burma (Myanmar)/India relations: Burma/India relations - 28 May: Manmohan Singh in first visit to Burma by an Indian prime minister since 1987 - 29 May: PM Manmohan Singh meets Aung San Suu Kyi - 14 novembre 2012: Aung San Suu Kyi devait rencontrer à New Delhi le Premier ministre indien Manmohan Singh
Burma (Myanmar)/Indonesia relations: Burma/Indonesia relations - 12 May 2015: Fears up to 6,000 asylum seekers are trapped at sea off south-east Asia - 15 May 2015: Asian migrant crisis grows as 700 asylum seekers rescued off Indonesia and as Burma undermined calls for a coordinated response to the crisis by threatening to boycott a planned south-east Asia summit
Burma (Myanmar)/South Korea relations: 14 May 2012: South Korean President Lee Myung-bak in key Burma visit
Burma (Myanmar)/Malaysia relations: Burma/Malaysia relations - Burmese in Malaysia - 12 May 2015: Fears up to 6,000 asylum seekers are trapped at sea off south-east Asia - 14 May 2015: Thousands of Rohingya Muslims and Bangladeshis abandoned at sea by human traffickers have nowhere to go after Malaysia turned away two boats crammed with more than 800 migrants, and Thailand kept at bay a third boat with hundreds more - 17 May: After Malaysia, Indonesian and Thailand sparked outrage by turning away boats with migrants, Burma faces blame over crisis - 20 May: Indonesia and Malaysia have agreed to provide temporary shelter to thousands of migrants stranded at sea
Burma (Myanmar)/Thailand relations: Burma/Thailand relations
29 May 2012 Aung San Suu Kyi in Bangkok: 29 mai 2012: Aung San Suu Kyi attendue à Bangkok pour son premier voyage en 24 ans
May 2015 fears up to 6,000 asylum seekers are trapped at sea: 12 May 2015: Fears up to 6,000 asylum seekers are trapped at sea off south-east Asia
11 May 2021 5 journalists/activists from Myanmar who fled to Thailand arrested for illegal entry and could face possible deportation: 11 May 2021: Three journalists and two activists from Myanmar who fled over the border to Thailand have been arrested for illegal entry and could face possible deportation, according to the reporters’ employer
Burma (Myanmar)/United Kingdom relations: Burma/United Kingdom relations
19th century Anglo-Burmese Wars: Anglo-Burmese wars - First Anglo-Burmese War 1824-1826 - Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852 - Third Anglo-Burmese War 1885 - Burmese resistance movement 1885–1895
1824-1948 British rule in Burma: British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948
Landforms and ecoregions in Myanmar: Landforms of Myanmar - List of ecoregions in Myanmar
Forests and forestry in Myanmar: Forests of Myanmar - Forestry in Myanmar
Deforestation in Myanmar: Deforestation in Myanmar
Northeast India–Myanmar pine forests: Northeast India–Myanmar pine forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests: Northern Triangle subtropical forests
Biota of Myanmar: Biota of Myanmar
Ecology of the Irrawaddy river basin: Ecology of the Irrawaddy river basin
Thanlwin (Salween) Southeast Asian river: Thanlwin (Salween) Southeast Asian river, flowing from the Tibetan Plateau south into the Andaman Sea, as the Salween flows primarily within southwest China and eastern Myanmar (Burma) with a short section forming the border of Burma and Thailand, running swiftly through rugged mountain canyons (despite the river's great length, only the last 90 km are navigable), as due to its great range of elevation and latitude coupled with geographic isolation, the Salween basin is considered one of the most ecologically diverse regions in the world, containing an estimated 25% of the world's terrestrial animal species and thousands of plant species, as - along its course - the Salween provides water for agriculture and supports abundant fisheries, especially in the delta region, as the Salween basin is home to numerous ethnic minority groups, whose ancestors largely originated in the Tibetan Plateau and northwest China, the - starting about 5,000 years ago - people began migrating south along the river, establishing small kingdoms and city-states
Deforestation in Myanmar: Deforestation in Myanmar
Natural disasters in Burma: Natural disasters in Burma
Tropical cyclones in Burma: Tropical cyclones in Burma
Floods in Myanmar: Floods in Myanmar
Landslides in Myanmar: Landslides in Myanmar
November 2015 Hpakant jade mine disaster: November 2015 Hpakant jade mine disaster
Earthquakes in Burma: Earthquakes in Burma


Cambodia - Geography of Cambodia - History of Cambodia - Demographics of Cambodia
Mineral industry of Cambodia: Mineral industry of Cambodia
Natural resources of Cambodia and deforestation: Natural resources of Cambodia - Deforestation in Cambodia
Fish and fishing in Cambodia: Fish in Cambodia - Fishing in Cambodia
Since 2017/18 Lower Se San 2 Dam: The Lower Se San 2 Dam, a hydroelectric dam under development on the Se San River in Stung Treng Province in northeastern Cambodia. The Se San River is a major tributary of the Mekong River. The dam site is located 25 kilometres east of the provincial capital, also named Stung Treng. The first turbine began producing electricity in November 2017, officially opened on 18 December 2018 - Impact of Lower Se San 2 Dam, as according to the environmental impact assessment, the dam's reservoir is expected to inundate numerous villages upstream from the dam, which will force the relocation of many thousands of villagers, many of whom have lived on or near the banks of the Se San River for generations. Both upstream and downstream, the effects of the dam are expected to drastically reduce the fishery resources on which many thousands more villagers depend for food and income. The effects will likely be felt as far away as the Tonlé Sap Lake - 10 August 2021 'Underwater' - Human Rights Impacts of a China Belt and Road Project in Cambodia
Transport in Cambodia: Transport in Cambodia
Rail transport in Cambodia: Rail transport in Cambodia
Road transport in Cambodia: Road transport in Cambodia
Waterways and harbors in Cambodia: Waterways and harbors in Cambodia
Economic history of Cambodia and economic cycles: Since 1953 economic history of Cambodia after independence
Child labour in Cambodia: Child labour in Cambodia
Political parties in Cambodia: Political parties in Cambodia
Cambodian democracy movements: Cambodian democracy movements
Elections and politics in Cambodia: Elections in Cambodia
September 2013 Cambodian opposition rallies as final poll results loom: 7 September 2013: Cambodian opposition rallies as final poll results loom
2013-2014 Cambodian protests: 2013–2014 Cambodian protests
2013/2014 Cambodian garment workers’ strikes and protests: 28 May 2013: Cambodian police clash with thousands of mostly female garment workers, 23 hurt when police using stun batons moved in to end a protest over pay at a factory that makes clothing for US sportswear company Nike - 11 June: Hundreds of workers have been fired from the factory making sportswear for USA giant Nike following a series of protests over pay, unionists say denouncing the move as unacceptable and illegal - 6 septembre: Plus de 700 ouvriers du textile au Cambodge ont vu leur licenciement annulé dans une usine fournissant Gap et H&M, après la mobilisation de milliers de leurs collègues - 12 November 2013: More than 30 people were arrested after protests erupted and police, killing one woman and wounding eight people, tried to break up a strike by garment workers from a factory supplying H&M and Gap
List of cities and towns in Cambodia: List of cities and towns in Cambodia
Kampong Cham city: Kampong Cham city, the capital city of Kampong Cham Province in eastern Cambodia. It is the 12th largest city in Cambodia with a population of 61,750 people citizens in 2021 and is located on the Mekong River. Kampong Cham is 124 kilometers northeast from Phnom Penh and can be reached by either boat or by asphalt road/div>
Doun Penh Section: Doun Penh Section
Demographics and ethnic groups in Cambodia: Demographics of Cambodia - Ethnic groups in Cambodia
Youth and child labour in Cambodia: Youth in Cambodia - Child labour in Cambodia
Education in Cambodia: Education in Cambodia
Universities and colleges in Cambodia: Universities and colleges in Cambodia
Cambodian Landmine Museum: Cambodian Landmine Museum
Health in Cambodia: Health in Cambodia
Media of Cambodia: Media of Cambodia
Internet in Cambodia: Internet in Cambodia
Crime in Cambodia: Crime in Cambodia
Corruption in Cambodia: Corruption in Cambodia
Human trafficking in Cambodia: Human trafficking in Cambodia
Illegal logging in Cambodia: Illegal logging in Cambodia
Man-made disasters in Cambodia: Man-made disasters in Cambodia
June 2019 seven-storey building collapse: 22 June 2019: At least three people died when a seven-storey under-construction building owned by a Chinese company collapsed with workers inside in the beach town of Sihanoukville, amid fears dozens more were left trapped in the rubble, after Chinese investment has flooded in recent years, spurring a construction boom in the resort town known for its casinos, which pull in mainland tourists, and as there are around 50 Chinese-owned casinos and dozens of hotel complexes under construction - 24 June 2019: Two days after unfinished, seven-storey building in Sihanoukville collapsed, it emerged that three Chinese nationals and a local landowner involved in the construction had been detained while the incident was investigated, as toll in Cambodia building collapse rises to 24 and anger is growing over poor standards in construction boom that has transformed Sihanoukville into tourist and gambling hub
Judiciary of Cambodia: Judiciary of Cambodia
Cambodia's judicial branch and court system: Cambodia's judicial branch and court system
November 2020 trial and hearing of nearly 130 opponents and government critics: 26 November 2020: Cambodia's Phnom Penh municipal court has begun hearing the cases of nearly 130 opponents and government critics charged with treason for taking part in non-violent political activities over the past three years, in what one of them described as a sham trial, as most of those being tried by the court are former members or supporters of the Cambodia National Rescue Party,the sole opposition party in parliament, that had been expected to offer a strong challenge to PM Hun Sen’s ruling Cambodian People’s party in the 2018 general election - 26 November 2020: Cambodian court convened for the treason trial of more than 100 opposition figures deferred proceedings until January/March 2021, delaying a case widely condemned as a move by long-serving PM Hun Sen to decimate his political rivals, as just 34 appeared, with many in exile, convinced they would not get a fair hearing
Cambodia's Supreme Council of the Magistracy: Cambodia's Supreme Council of the Magistracy
November 2017 Supreme Court rules the dissolution of opposition party: 24 November 2017: Cambodia’s Supreme Court rules the dissolution of opposition party
Law enforcement in Cambodia: Law enforcement in Cambodia
Foreign relations of Cambodia: Foreign relations of Cambodia
Treaties of Cambodia: Treaties of Cambodia
1991 UN Advance Mission in Cambodia: 1991 UN Advance Mission in Cambodia
Since 1995 Southeast Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty: Southeast Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty since 1995
Bilateral relations of Cambodia: Bilateral relations of Cambodia
Cambodia/Bangladesh relations: Cambodia/Bangladesh relations
Cambodia/PR China relations: Cambodia/PR China relations
Cambodia/Laos relations: Cambodia/Laos relations
Cambodia/United Kingdom relations: Cambodia/United Kingdom relations
Cambodia/USA relations: Cambodia/USA relations
Since 1954 CIA activities in Cambodia: CIA activities in Cambodia since 1954
1969-1970 (1965-1973) covert USA bombing campaign in eastern Cambodia and Laos: Operation Menu - covert USA bombing campaign in eastern Cambodia and Laos 1969-1970 (1965-1973)
1970 Cambodian Campaign by the USA and its South Vietnamese client state: Cambodian Campaign 1970 by the USA and South Vietnam during the Vietnam War
Cambodia/Vietnam relations: Cambodia/Vietnam relations
Ecoregions in Cambodia: List of ecoregions in Cambodia
Water in Cambodia: Water in Cambodia
Deforestation in Cambodia: Deforestation in Cambodia
Natural disasters in Cambodia: Natural disasters in Cambodia
Typhoons in Cambodia: Typhoons in Cambodia
2011 Southeast Asian floods: 2011 Southeast Asian floods


Caucasus - Geography of the Caucasus - North Caucasus - South Caucasus - History of the Caucasus - Peoples of the Caucasus - Languages of the Caucasus
Politics of Chechnya: Politics of Chechnya
Politics of Kabardino-Balkaria: Politics of Kabardino-Balkaria
Politics of Krasnodar Krai: Politics of Krasnodar Krai
Politics of North Ossetia-Alania: Politics of North Ossetia-Alania
2011 South Ossetian referendum: South Ossetian referendum 11 September 2011
June 2014 South Ossetian parliamentary election: South Ossetian parliamentary election 8 June 2014
1918-1920 Georgian–Ossetian conflict: Georgian–Ossetian conflict 1918–1920
1991–1992 South Ossetia War: 1991–1992 South Ossetia War
2008 Russo-Georgian diplomatic crisis and August 2008 Russo-Georgian War: 2008 Russo-Georgian diplomatic crisis - August 2008 Russo-Georgian War


People's Republic of China (PRC) - Geography of the PRC - History of China - Demographics of the PRC
Machinery manufacturing in China: Machinery manufacturing
Automotive industry in China: Automotive industry in China
Military industry in the PRC: Military industry of the PRC - Weapons of the PRC
Nuclear power in China: Nuclear power in China
Energy policy of the PRC and coal power: Energy policy of the PRC - Coal power in the PRC
2013: 23 January 2013: Coal mine blast kills ten, three missing in Guizhou province's Liupanshui city - 13 March: 21 miners on Tuesday killed and four others missing after a coal and gas outburst at the Machang coal mine in Guizhou Province - 29/30 March 2013: After a landslide buried 83 people in Tibet's Lhasa Maizhokunggar county gold mine area, working for a subsidiary of the state-owned China National Gold Group Corp., search continues for trapped miners - 30 March: At least 28 people are killed in an explosion in state-owned Babao Coal Mine in the city of Baishan in Jilin province - 11 May 2013: An explosion at a coal mine in Guizhou province has killed 12 miners and injured two others - 12 May: An explosion at a coal mine in China's south-west Sichuan province has killed at least 27 people - 13 December: A blast at the Baiyanggou coal mine in the Xinjiang province killed 21 people
24 January 2021 11 workers rescued after two weeks underground: 24 January 2021: 11 workers rescued after two weeks underground in Shandong Qixia mine accident
Soil contamination in China and ecosystem effects: Soil contamination in China and ecosystem effects
Peach production in China: Peach production in China
Since 2004 Chinese Animal Protection Network: Since 2004 Chinese Animal Protection Network
Animals used for food in China: Animals used for food in China
Dairy farming in China: Dairy farming in China
Fishing industry and aquaculture in China: Fishing industry in China - Aquaculture in China
Rivers of China: Rivers of China
Tributaries of the Yangtze River: Tributaries of the Yangtze River
Road transport in China: Road transport in China - Roads in China
Road bridges in China: Road bridges in China
Cycling in China: Cycling in China
August 2012 Shaanxi bus–tanker crash: August 2012 Shaanxi bus–tanker crash
June 2013 Xiamen bus fire: June 2013 Xiamen bus fire
July 2015 Ji'an bus accident: July 2015 Ji'an bus accident
2018 Chongqing bus crash and Lanzhou toll accident: October 2018 Chongqing bus crash - November 2018 Lanzhou toll accident
Maritime incidents in China: Maritime incidents in China
Ports and harbours in China: List of ports and harbours in China
Aviation in China: Aviation in China
2005-2011 Chinese property bubble: Chinese property bubble 2005–2011
Disasters and industrial disasters, explosions in the PRC: - Disasters in the PRC - Explosions in China - List of coal mining accidents in the PRC, accidents and deaths
2000 Pingxiang steel plant explosion: 2000 Pingxiang steel plant explosion
2008 Guangxi chemical plant explosions: 26 August 2008 Guangxi chemical plant explosions
August 2015 Tianjin explosion: 12 August 2015 Tianjin explosion - 13 August 2015: At least 44 people killed, including 12 firefighters, and some 520 people injured as two huge blasts rock the Chinese port city of Tianjin, a major base for petrochemicals, refining and other industries - 14 August: After the devastating Tianjin explosions on Wednesday, thousands seek refuge as death toll reaches 55 and as fires continue to burn on Friday morning - 14 August: Questions even in Chinese media rise about why people were allowed to live so close to dangerous industrial zones, as regime orders nationwide checks on dangerous chemicals - 15 August: Highly poisonous sodium cyanide is found at port of Tianjin, as official death toll climbs to 85, according to local media - 16 August: Hundreds of tons of highly poisonous cyanide stored at the warehouse devastated by two giant explosions in Tianjin which killed 112, Chinese military admits in first official comment, as nearly 100 people remain missing, including 85 firefighters - 17 August: Fears over cyanide pollution in Tianjin as Chinese media lambasts officials and as protests broke out over the weekend with displaced families and relatives of missing firefighters taking to the streets to demand answers - 18 August: Company at centre of last week’s Tianjin explosions worked with hazardous materials despite lacking a licence until weeks before blasts, state-run news agency says - 21 August: Chinese authorities investigate mass fish death near Tianjin explosion site - 27 August 2015: Chinese authorities detain 12 over Tianjin blasts that killed 139 people and accuse 11 officials and port executives of suspected dereliction of duty or abuse of power
Slavery in China: Slavery in China
Housing in China: Housing in China
4 June 2014 regime's troops laughed as they shot randomly at pro-democracy protesters in Tiananmen Square 1989: 4 June 2014: Regime's troops laughed as they shot randomly at pro-democracy protesters in Tiananmen Square 1989, documents show
List of Chinese military accidents since 1980s: List of Chinese military accidents since 1980s
Military budget of the PRC: Military budget of the PRC
Financial system, taxation and budget in China: Chinese financial system - Taxation in China - State Administration of Taxation
Communist Party of China: Communist Party of China (CPC)
January 2019 Beijing regime's China model for controlling what people in Africa and Asia can say and do online: 2 January 2019: As citizens of the D.R. of the Congo DRC pointlessly refresh their web browsers this week, they are getting a preview of just what Chinese-crafted cyberspace rules look like. The DRC on Monday became the latest country to cut its people off from the internet, as voters await the results of this weekend's highly-contested presidential election, after internet and social media shutdowns have become more and more common across Africa and Asia in recent years, particularly as authoritarian governments look to China as the model for controlling what people can say and do online - Since 2009 usage of Internet 'kill switch' in Beijing regime's China, in the area of Iran's Mullah regime, and more countries<
Spring 1848 until May 1849 'New Rhenish Newspaper - Organ of Democracy', editor Karl Marx: 1848/1849 'New Rhenish Newspaper. Organ of Democracy', a German daily newspaper published by Karl Marx in Cologne and recognised by historians as one of the most important dailies of the Revolutions of 1848 in Germany. The paper was regarded by its editors and readers as the successor of an earlier Cologne newspaper, the 'Rhenish Newspaper' since 1841, also edited for a time by Karl Marx, which had been suppressed by state censorship over five years earlier - Am 19. Mai 1849 stellte die Neue Rheinische Zeitung nach 301 Ausgaben ihr Erscheinen ein, nachdem die letzten Aufstände der Märzrevolution von Preußen im Rheinland niedergeschlagen worden waren. Marx ging erneut ins Exil, diesmal nach London, wo er im Wesentlichen bis zu seinem Lebensende 1883 blieb und sein 3-bändiges Hauptwerk Das Kapital verfasste. Er blieb weiterhin politisch aktiv und hatte großen Einfluss auf die sich entwickelnde Arbeiterbewegung und ihre politischen demokratischen Parteien. Auf seine Initiative hin wurde 1864 die 12 Jahre bestehende 'Internationale Arbeiterassoziation' gegründet.
March 2021 13th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China': 5 March to 11 March 2021 'Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China' (concurrently with the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference CPPCC) was held at the 'Great Hall of the People in Beijing', as due to the ongoing covid-19 pandemic since December 2019, the Congress was mostly held in camera with journalists prohibited from attending - The humans 'selbst fangen an, sich von den Tieren zu unterscheiden, sobald sie anfangen, ihre Lebensmittel zu produzieren, ein Schritt, der durch ihre körperliche Organisation bedingt ist. Indem die Menschen ihre Lebensmittel produzieren, produzieren sie indirekt ihr materielles Leben selbst', 'die Sprache ist das praktische, auch für andre Menschen existierende, also auch für mich selbst erst existierende wirkliche Bewußtsein, ... das Tier verhält sich zu Nichts und überhaupt nicht', 'der Kommunismus ist für uns nicht ein Zustand, der hergestellt werden soll, ein Ideal, wonach die Wirklichkeit sich zu richten haben [wird]. Wir nennen Kommunismus die wirkliche Bewegung, welche den jetzigen Zustand aufhebt
Government of the PRC: Government of the PRC
31 January 2020 a man who died in the street shows Beijing regime's coronavirus crisis: 31 January 2020: An image of a man who died in the street captures Beijing regime's coronavirus crisis
16 February 2020 regime's Xi aware of potential danger of coronavirus weeks before sounding alarm: 16 February 2020: Beijing regime's Xi aware of potential danger of coronavirus weeks before sounding alarm