Western Asia (so-called 'Near East' or 'Middle East' by colonial powers)



Democracy in the Middle East
Arab Spring - Middle East and North Africa protests and revolutions since 2010 - Women in the Arab Spring
2014: 13 February 2014: Fearful of Arab Spring-inspired unrest, Gulf monarchies have stepped up efforts to monitor and control the media, Reporters Without Borders says

Human rights in the Middle East - Human rights in Israel - Human rights in Islamic countries - Middle Eastern society by country - Israeli society
Women's rights in the Middle East by country and subject - Women in Israel - Women's rights in Israel - Women in Arab societies - Women in Islam - Women's rights in Islam
June 2018: 24 June 2018: Bahraini, Saudi women filmed crossing borders between Bahrain, Kuwait and Saudi-Arabia after Saudi driving ban lifted
Polygyny in Islam - Islamic marital jurisprudence - Gender roles in Islam - Marriage in Islam - Divorce in Islam - Islam and domestic violence
Freedom of religion in Asia and Africa by country - Islam and secularism - Liberalism and progressivism in the Muslim world
Childhood in Asia by country - Youth in Asia by country - Childhood in Africa by country - Youth in Africa by country - Childhood in Israel - Youth in Israel

Education in the Middle East and North Africa - Education in the Middle East by country - Education in Israel

Xenophobia and racism in the Middle East by country - Racism in the Arab world

Terrorism in the Middle East by country - Terrorism in the Arab world by country - Islamic terrorism - Islamic terrorism by continent - Islamic terrorism by country
Muslim attitudes toward terrorism - Islamism - Islamist groups - Shia Islamist groups - Sunni Islamist groups - Islamism by country
Slavery in 21st-century Islamism - History of slavery in the Muslim world

Religion in the Middle East
Judaism - Jewish history - Jewish–Roman wars, a series of large-scale revolts by the Jews of the Eastern Mediterranean against the Roman Empire between 66 and 135 CE ending with the destruction of Jerusalem, mass execution of Judean population and diaspora of survivors - Roman destruction of Judea and Jewish diaspora - Judaism by country - Judaism and science - Jewish views on evolution
Islam - Timelines of Muslim history - Muhammad (570-632) - List of expeditions and battles of Muhammad comprising information about casualties, objectives, and nature of the military expeditions ordered by Muhammad - Invasion and massacre of Banu Qrayza 627 - Violence in the Quran
Islam in the Arab world
Islam in Africa - Islam in Asia
2012: 16 août 2012: La Syrie mise au ban de la communauté musulmane par l'OCI
Shi'a-Sunni relations - Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict - Iran and state-sponsored terrorism
2013: 9 August 2013: Muslims celebrate Eid across the world amid bomb blasts and threats of violence

Economy of the Middle East - Economy of the menber states of the Arab League
2015 youth unemployment on the rise: 20 May 2015: Waged employment on the rise in the Middle East and North Africa but youth and women see further job losses, ILO says in its annual outlook - 23 May 2015: Mideast youth unemployment rises amid post-Arab Spring chaos, influx of refugees, prolonged conflict and low economic growth
June 2018 northern Sinai project: 18 June 2018: USA reportedly seeking to raise over $500 million from Gulf states to fund projects, including a power station and factories, aimed at improving the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip, as funds would be used to develop an industrial area in the northern Sinai region, which abuts Gaza
Arab League boycott of Israel - Economic effects and foreign reactions to the boycott of Israel - Boycotts of Israel - British and French judgements on public calls for a boycott of Israeli products, incitement and discrimination - Antisemitic boycotts and history

Arab League - History of the Arab League
2012: 28 March 2012: Arab League begins key Baghdad summit - water shortages and regional economy top the agenda at 21-nation bloc's first meeting since the Arab Spring uprisings - 23 juillet 2012: Au terme d'une réunion à Doha, la Ligue arabe presse Assad de partir en échange d'une sortie 'sûre'
2013: 26 March 2013: The Arab League is preparing for a two-day summit in Doha where opposition against Assad regime will represent Syria for the first time - 1 mai 2013: La Ligue arabe tente de relancer le processus de paix israélo-palestinien acceptant pour la première fois le principe d'un 'échange mineur de terre comparable et mutuellement accepté' - 27 August 2013: Arab League accuses Assad regime of chemical attack - 1 September 2013: Arab League urged the UN and the international community to take 'deterrent' action against the Syrian Assad regime over chemical attack - 8 September 2013: Arab ministers agree Syria chemical weapons attack crossed 'global red line'
2014: 9 March 2014: Arab League backs Abbas' refusal to recognize Israel as Jewish state - 26 March: Arab League rejects Israel as Jewish state
2015: 29 March 2015: Arab leaders gathered at a summit in Egypt will announce the formation of a unified regional force to counter growing security threats, as conflicts rage in countries such as Yemen and Libya - 7 April: Arab League calls the international community to intervene immediately to protect Palestinian refugees from ongoing infighting in Syria emphasizing that about 500,000 Palestinians are subject to inhuman attacks - 3 October 2015: Syrian Coalition calls for Arab League emergency meeting to respond to Russia’s aggression against Syrian people
2016: 11 January 2016: Arab League condemns Iranian meddling in Arab affairs, promising to support any measure against Iran to halt the regime’s terrorist acts - 11 March 2016: The Arab League declared Lebanon-based Shiite group Hezbollah a terrorist organization, decision supported by nearly all members, expect for Lebanon and Iraq, which expressed 'reservations'
September 2016: 26 September 2016: The Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation on Sunday condemns the killing of civilians in Aleppo and called for the international community to intervene directly to stop what was occurring in the city
December 2016: 20 December 2016: Arab League condemns Assad regime's and allies' atrocities in Aleppo
July 2017: 15 July 2017: Arab League scolds Israel for Temple Mount closure, failing to mention attack, after Hamas and Islamic Jihad praised the deadly shooting attack at Jerusalem’s Temple Mount on Friday, while Palestinian social media was rife with accolades for the killers
November 2017: 20 November 2017: Arab League delivers harsh criticism of Iran and its Lebanese proxy Hezbollah, saying they will 'brief' the UN Security Council on Tehran's destabilizing policies in the region, announcing only one concrete measure that would ban Iranian-financed television stations

Middle East economic integration
Economic and Social Council - Council of Arab Economic Unity - Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development - Integrated Water Resources Management - Water politics in the Middle East

Environment of the Middle East - Environment of the Mediterranean - 'Environment and Climate in the Middle East' website - news, conferences, policy discussions and academic publications on environmental issues and climate change in the Eastern Mediterranean - Arava Institute for Environmental Studies
Mediterranean climate - Hot Desert climates - Arabian Desert climate - Hadley cell expansion and climate change

Environmental peacebuilding in the Middle East
2017: 11 August 2017: Israel, Jordan, PA to hold first-of-its-kind joint firefighting and rescue exercise in October, taking place in Israel and Jordan and including four European nations Croatia, France, Italy and Spain, to test cooperation in cases of major fires and disasters - 25 October 2017: Emergency response teams from Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority, as well as Spain, Italy and France, gathered in Israel to learn how to work together and to overcome the common enemy 'natural disasters' as part of an exercise sponsored by the European Union

Natural disasters in the Middle East
2015: 26 October 2015: Extreme heatwaves could push Gulf climate including Iran’s coast beyond human endurance if the world fails to cut carbon emissions, USA study shows
2016: 3 March 2016: The recent drought that began in 1998 in the eastern Mediterranean Levant region is probably the worst in 900 years, according to a new NASA report - 10 August 2016: Record-shattering temperatures this summer have scorched countries from Morocco to Saudi Arabia and beyond, as climate experts warn that the severe weather could be a harbinger of worse to come
2017: 10 August 2017: While Europe does battle with a heatwave named Lucifer, the Middle East including Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia, Syria etc., is enduring a summer so brutal that even those accustomed to Baghdad’s searing August are labelling it 'ungodly', reaching 48C or higher since weeks
Earthquakes in the Middle East: Earthquakes in the Middle East
November 2017 Iran–Iraq earthquake: 12 November 2017 Iran–Iraq earthquake - 15 November 2017: Israel's government offered humanitarian assistance via the Red Cross to the victims of the devastating earthquake that has killed hundreds in Iran and Iraq, but was immediately rebuffed by the Iranian regime




Bahrain - Geography of Bahrain - History of Bahrain - Demographics of Bahrain
Economy of Bahrain: Economy of Bahrain - main industries include petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, islamic and offshore banking, insurance, ship repairing, tourism - List of companies of Bahrain
Energy in Bahrain: Energy in Bahrain
Bahrain Petroleum Company and Banagas: Bahrain Petroleum Company wholly owned by the government of Bahrain, a fully integrated oil company - Banagas - Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company
2017: 12 November 2017: Bahrain blames main oil pipeline explosion on Iran-backed 'terrorism', as residents close to the incident near Buri village near Manama were being evacuated to a safe shelter
Agriculture in Bahrain: Agriculture in Bahrain, before the development of the oil industry, date palm cultivation dominated Bahrain's agriculture, since 1980s a significant number of palm groves had been replaced by new kinds of agricultural activities, including vegetable gardens, nurseries for trees and flowers, poultry production, and dairy farms, of approximately 2,400 farmers 70% do not own the land they cultivate, approximately 800 owners and absentee landlords control about 60% of all cultivable land, the ruling Al Khalifa own the greatest number of plots, including the largest and most productive ones
Banking and banks in Bahrain: List of banks in Bahrain - Central Bank of Bahrain
Financial services companies of Bahrain: Financial services companies of Bahrain
Labour relations in Bahrain:
2013: 12 January 2013: Firefighters locate remains of 13 people in three-storey building that caught fire at labour camp in Manama - 12 January 2013: Eleven Bangladeshi workers were among the 13 killed in a fire that gutted a labour camp in Manama
Military of Bahrain: Military of Bahrain
Politics of Bahrain: Politics of Bahrain - Since 2002 'King of Bahrain', after on 14 February 2002 the then-Emir of Bahrain Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa declared Bahrain a kingdom and proclaimed himself the first king - Constitution of 1973 following Bahrain's independence from Britain in 1971 - Constitution of 2002
Cabinet of Bahrain: Cabinet of Bahrain (the Council of Ministers) is appointed directly by the King
Political parties in Bahrain: Political parties in Bahrain
Trade unions in Bahrain: Trade unions in Bahrain
Bahraini opposition: Bahraini opposition - Bahrain Freedom Movement - February 14 Youth Coalition since 2011 - National Democratic Action Society - Progressive Democratic Tribune
National Assembly of Bahrain and elections: National Assembly of Bahrain - 40 royally-appointed members of the Consultative Council, the upper house
2010: Bahraini general election December 2010
2014: 22 November 2014 Bahraini general election
Protests, social and political movements and repression in Bahrain: Protests in Bahrain
March/April 1965 uprising and independence of Bahrain in 1971: March/April 1965 Intifada, uprising calling for the end of the British presence in Bahrain, sparked by the laying-off of hundreds of Bahraini workers at the Bahrain Petroleum Company on 5 March 1965, resulting in the independence of Bahrain in 1971
1990s uprising in Bahrain: 1990s uprising in Bahrainan between 1994 and 1999 in which leftists, liberals and Islamists joined forces to demand democratic reforms and the reinstatement of parliament
2011-present Bahraini protests and uprising: Since 2011 Bahraini protests and uprising - Timeline of the 2011/2012 Bahraini uprising
April 2011: 3 April 2011: Bahrein bans main opposition newspaper - 28 April: Bahrein sentences protesters to death
June 2011: 2 June 2011: Security forces attack Bahraini protesters
July 2011: 1 July: Saudi troops quietly pull out of Bahrain after crackdown on anti-government protests - 3 July: 200 German tanks 'Leopard' to Saudi-Arabia - 4 July: Saudi sources confirm German tanks deal - 44 tanks already bought - Bahrain opposition to join dialogue process 2 July - 17 July: Opposition 'quits Bahrain-talks' - Human Rights Watch report: Violence to stop protesters from receiving treatment - doctors and nurses targeted - Protesters reject Bahrain dialogue results July 29
August 2011: 13 August: Bahrains's main opposition Al-Wefaq to boycott September 24 by-polls demanding a representative, elected parliament and civil rights - 31 August: 'Security forces' kill teenage boy dispersing protests
September 2011: 1 September: Thousands march at Bahraini boy's funeral - 2 September: Bahrain medics go on hunger strike over trials - 3 September: More detainees join Bahrain hunger strike - 8 September: Several Bahrain medics freed on bail - 17 September: Bahrain forces fire tear gas at funeral - 23 September: Again Bahrain forces fire tear gas on protesters - 29 September: Medics who treated protesters jailed for 5,10 and 15 years
October 2011: 2. Oktober 2011: Internationale Kritik an Sondergericht in Bahrain - verurteilte Ärzte fordern UN-Untersuchung - 3 October: 36 Bahrainis given prison sentences of between 15 and 25 years for taking part in rallies - 5 October: Bahrain retrial for 20 medics jailed over protests as 19 more activists are jailed over protests - 7 October: Police clash with funeral marchers - procession of thousands for 16-year-old Shia boy
November 2011: 4. November 2011: Panzerfahrzeuge und Tränengas gegen Trauerzug für einen nach Oppositionsangaben durch Polizeigewalt getöteten Mann - 22 November: Clashes on Tuesday between police and protesters mourning the death of 16-year-old Ali al-Badah, who was run over by police vehicles - 23 November: Commission says in a report accepted by government that Bahrain forces used 'excessive force' and tortured detainees in 2011 - 24 November: Police fire tear gas and rubber bullets as around 2000 Bahrainis protest against monarchy in the wake of the report into government human-rights abuses
December 2011: 7 December: Injuries as Bahrain police attack protest - 16. Dezember 2011: Polizei in Bahrein setzt Tränengas gegen schiitische Demonstranten ein und nimmt wahllos Regimekritiker fest - 31 December: One reportedly killed in anti-regime demonstration in Bahrain after last month's probe revealed abuses by security forces
2012: January-April 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix protests
January 2012: 2 January 2012: Shooting tear gas and stun grenades security forces clash with opposition protesters and mourners of a 15-year-old boy outside of Manama - 7 January 2012: Bahraini activist beaten by 'riot police' - 7. Januar 2012: Tausende trotzen dem Demonstationsverbot in Manama am Samstag - 10 January: Thousands Bahrainis protest outside the UN's office in Manama calling for intervention to protect civilians - 26 January: Bahrain confirms teen Mohammed Yaaqub died in police custody - opposition says cause of death war torture
February 2012: 4 February: Bahrain protests grow ahead of anniversary - 14 February: Bahrain police repel protesters in Manama
March 2012: 9 March: Tens of thousands of Bahrainis have demonstrated outside the capital Manama demanding reform and more democracy - 13 March: Bahrain added to web censorship blacklist - 23 March: Activists and opposition supporters demonstrate in locations across nation to demand equal rights for Shias
April 2012: 6 April: Thousands protest in support of hunger striker Abdulhadi al-Khawaja moved to army hospital after nearly two months - 18 April: Thousands of pro-democracy protesters marched through a village outside the Bahraini capital on Wednesday - 20 April: Thousands of Bahrain Formula One race protesters dispersed - 21 April: Protester Salah Abbas Habib killed during Bahrain clashes - 22 April: Bahrain Grand Prix held despite protests - 23 April: Funeral for killed Salah Abbas Habib and thousands of protesters as Bahrain court delays ruling in activists case - 30 April: Jailed opposition activist Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja is to have his case retried, an appeal court has ruled
May 2012: 4. Mai 2012: Tausende fordern in Bahrain Reformen und Wahl einer Regierung - 11. Mai 2012: Erneut Gewalt gegen Demonstranten, die die Freilassung inhaftierter Oppositioneller fordern - 19 May: Tens of thousands Bahrain protesters decry unity plans with Saudis - 28 May: Bahrain activist Al-Khawaja to end hunger strike following the release on bail of detained activist, Nabeel Rajab - 28 May: Bahrain activist Rajab released on bail
June 2012: 8 June: Police break up pro-democracy mass protests in Bahrain - 12 June: An 11-year-old boy chased down while playing in street and detained for nearly a month describes his time in custody, saying that police accused him of taking part in violent protests - 14 June: Bahrain court convicts medics for role in uprising - 27 June: Three policemen accused of killing three people during pro-democracy protests
July 2012: 10 July: Jail for Bahrain protest leader over tweet - 12 July: Huge crowds throng funerals for two Shia demonstrators killed by security forces in rallies following arrest of cleric - 20 July: Bahrain protesters renew clashes with police
August 2012: 3 August: Activists say Zainab al-Khawaja was held along with dozens of protesters demanding political reforms in Gulf kingdom - 7 August: Bahrain charges 15 policemen over abuses - 16 August: Bahrain activist Nabeel Rajab jailed for three years - 18 August: 16-year-old Husam al-Haddad died of injuries suffered after he was beaten by security forces in a confrontation late Friday night - 31 August: Tens of thousands join protest demanding release of prisoners and chanting anti-government slogans
September 2012: 4. September 2012: Manama Strafgericht verurteilt sieben bahrainische Regimegegner wegen ihrer Beteiligung an Strassenprotesten im Februar 2011 zu lebenslangen Haftstrafen - 8 September: Police fire tear gas at protesters calling for prisoner releases in Manama - 18 September: Seven lieutenants are charged with torturing Shia medics to obtain confessions - 29 September: Seventeen-year-old dies after police fire shotgun pellets at anti-government rally in Manama - 29 September: Police opens fire to disperse angry Shiite protesters following the funeral of the youth who was shot dead a day before
October 2012: 2 October: Bahrain medics jailed after losing appeal - 3 October: Rights activist Zainab al-Khawaja released from prison after a two-month jail term in an ongoing arbitrary political prosecution - 3 October: Protesters clashed with riot police after the funeral of a man jailed for taking part in last year's pro-democracy demonstrations - 6 October: Police use water cannon and tear gas to disperse mainly Shia protesters after memorial for Mohammed Ali Ahmed Mushaima who died in jail - 12 October: Police fire teargas and stun grenades to disperse hundreds of stone-throwing anti-government protesters - 30 October: Interior ministry imposed emergency-style rules banning all protest gatherings and threatening legal action against groups considered backing escalating demonstrations and clashes
November 2012: 2 November: Small demonstrations in support of a jailed opposition leader break out three days after the monarchy forbids them - 11 November: Government deploys paramilitaries to patrol city
December 2012: 1 December: Bahraini police fired tear gas and stun bombs to break up protests overnight in Shiite-populated villages around Manama, leading to arrests and injuries - 10 December: A court has sentenced pro-democracy activist Zainab al-Khawaja to one month in prison
January-March 2013: 7 January: Bahrain's highest appeal court has upheld the sentences of 13 activists for their part in anti-government protests last year - 10 February: Bahrain crisis talks to begin as Shiite envoys remain wary of opening a process that they believe has no chance of reaching their goals: forcing the ruling monarchy to give up its monopoly on power and allow an elected government - 14 March 2013: Anti-government protesters clash with riot police, two years after Saudi-led force quelled Gulf island's uprising - 28 March: Defence lawyer says, 21 medical personnel have been cleared of charges linked to anti-government protests but cases remain open against two others
April 2013: 21 April: Ongoing pro-democracy protests against Formula One Grand Prix 2013
May 2013: 10 May: The blogger Ali Abdulemam has been smuggled out of the troubled Gulf kingdom and taken refuge in the UK
2016: 2 avril 2016: Après le soulèvement de 2011 sur fond de printemps arabes, la répression dénoncée par les opposants se poursuit à Bahreïn - 13 June 2016: Bahrain detains rights activist Nabeel Rajab in raid that coincides with UN meeting in Geneva, as other activists were barred from attending and as UN official criticises repression - 18 July 2016: Bahraini authorities have stepped up their pressure on Nazeeha Saeed, the France24 correspondent who was detained and tortured 2011, now prosecuted for 'illegal reporting' on behalf of foreign media in what appears to be a renewed crackdown on free expression
2017: 26 January 2017: Bahraini human rights activist Nabeel Rajab accused at a court hearing, from which he and his lawyer were excluded, is facing a lengthy prison sentence simply for stating that journalists and international NGOs cannot enter Bahrain - 6 March 2017: Justice ministry files lawsuit to dissolve secular Wa’ad group, the main opposition party, and transfers many civilian judicial cases to a military court, amid fresh crackdown on dissent and human rights
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Bahrain: Bahraini society
Human rights in Bahrain: Human rights in Bahrain
2017: 15 April 2017: If F1 can't help protect ordinary Bahrainis, stop the grand prix, Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy's Alwadaei says, as the race exacerbates the human rights abuses that take place in Bahrain, with any protest or criticism being silenced to protect financial interests
Demographics and ethnic groups in Bahrain: Demographics of Bahrain - Ethnic groups in Bahrain - Ethnic, cultural and religious groups of Bahrain
Bahrani people: Bahrani people
Filipinos in Bahrain: Filipinos in Bahrain
Indians in Bahrain: Indians in Bahrain, today numbering at an estimated 400,000 people or 31% out of the country's total population of 1.3 million, making them the largest expatriate group in the country
Pakistanis in Bahrain: Pakistanis in Bahrain
Culture of Bahrain and religion: Culture of Bahrain - Religion in Bahrain
Languages of Bahrain: Languages of Bahrain - Bahrani Arabic
Women in Bahrain: Women in Bahrain - Polygamy - legal in Bahrain - Women's rights in Bahrain
Education in Bahrain: Education in Bahrain
Health in Bahrain: Health in Bahrain
Media of Bahrain: Media of Bahrain - Newspapers in Bahrain
Internet in Bahrain: Internet in Bahrain - Internet surveillance and filtering - Arrested bloggers in Bahrain
Crime in Bahrain: Crime in Bahrain
Torture and police brutality in Bahrain: Torture in Bahrain
2012: 29 April 2012: Bahrain's police continues to beat and torture detainees including minors, Human Rights Watch says
2011/2016: 30 May 2011 - 20 January 2016: France 24 correspondent Nazeeha Saeed tortured for covering pro-democracy demonstrations
Prisons in Bahrain: Prisons in Bahrain
Corruption in Bahrain: Corruption in Bahrain
Human trafficking in Bahrain: Human trafficking in Bahrain
Foreign relations of Bahrain: Foreign relations of Bahrain
International reactions to the 2011-2013 Bahraini uprising
Bahrain/India relations: Bahrain/India relations
Indians in Bahrain: Indians in Bahrain
Bahrain/Iran relations: Bahrain/Iran relations - Arab-Iran relations: Bahrain - Safavid dynasty, Shia Islam state religion and Safavid rule in Bahrain 1602–1717
Relations since 1979 Islamic regime in Iran: Bahrain-Iran relations since 1979 Islamic regime in Iran and its intention to export its Islamic revolution throughout the Muslim world, especially in the Arab world
Bahrain/Israel relations: Bahrain/Israel relations
2018: 7 January 2018: With rare Israel visit, Bahraini delegation - including Sunni and Shiite Muslims, as well as Buddhists, Christians, Hindus and Sikhs - seeks new dialogue for coexistence
Bahrain/Oman relations: Bahrain/Oman relations
1717: 1717 Omani invasion of Bahrain
Bahrain/Pakistan relations: Bahrain/Pakistan relations - Pakistanis in the Middle East - Pakistanis in Bahrain
Bahrain/Philippines relations: Bahrain/Philippines relations
Filipinos in Bahrain: Filipinos in Bahrain
Bahrain/Portugal relations: Portuguese rule in Bahrain 1521-1602
Bahrain/Saudi Arabia relations: Bahrain/Saudi Arabia relations - Bani Utbah federation of Arab tribes, which originated from Najd - 1783 Bani Utbah invasion of Bahrain - House of Khalifa, the ruling family of Bahrain and belonging to the Utub tribe that migrated from Najd to Kuwait in the early 18th century
Bahrain/United Kingdom relations: Bahrain/United Kingdom relations
1820 Bahrain British protectorate: Signing the General Maritime Treaty with the United Kingdom in 1820, Bahrain became a British protectorate - General Maritime Treaty of 1820
1971 Bahrain's declaration of independence: After a plebiscite Bahrain declared independence on 15 August 1971
Bahrain/USA relations: Bahrain/USA relations
2012: 11 May 2012: USA partially resumes military supplies to Gulf Arab ally Bahrain
Environment of Bahrain: Environment of Bahrain - Geology of Bahrain - Geography of Bahrain, consisting of Bahrain Island and 33 of the 37 Bahrain Islands, lying in the Arabian Gulf's Gulf of Bahrain off the north shore of Asia's Arabian Peninsula - Climate of Bahrain, having an extremely hot summer and a relatively mild winter
Landforms of Bahrain: Landforms of Bahrain - List of islands of Bahrain
Water in Bahrain: Water in Bahrain - Bodies of water of Bahrain, groundwater and seawater are the only sources
Environmental concerns and issues of Bahrain: Environmental concerns and issues of Bahrain include periodic droughts, dust storms, desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations, lack of freshwater resources (groundwater and seawater are the only sources for all water needs


Iraq - Geography of Iraq - History of Iraq - Demographics of Iraq
Wars against Iran 1980-1988, against Kuwait 1990/1991 and war crimes: Iraq/Iran war 1980-1988 - Iraks Krieg gegen Iran 1980-1988 - Irakischer Giftgaseinsatz, USA-Lieferungen u.a. - USA support for Iraq during the Iraq/Iran war - Gulf War 1990/91 - Iraks Angriff auf Kuwait, zweiter Golfkrieg 1990/91 - March/April 1991 (after the Gulf War) uprisings in Iraq held back from continued success by internal divisions as well as a lack of anticipated USA support
Iraq War 2003-2011, Iraq/USA-United Kingdom relations and war crimes: Category: Iraq War 2003-2011 - Irakkrieg seit 2003 - Besetzung des Irak 2003-2011 - "Iraq War Logs" (Tagebuch des Irakkriegs) - 16 December 2011: Alleged Wikileaks activist Bradley Manning due in court - wide criticism of inhuman detention conditions since May 2010
'We don't do body counts' (USA-General Franks): "We don't do body counts" (US-General Franks) - Kriegsverbrechen z.B. der USA - Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse - 17 March 2013: At least 112,000 civilians were killed in the 10 years since the USA-led 2003 invasion of Iraq, according to the Britain-based Iraq Body Count group
2004: Second Battle of Fallujah
2005: USA Haditha massacre 2005
2008: 4,5 millions Iraq War orphans in 2008
2011: Iraq to chase $18bn of Iraqi oil money stolen after the 2003 USA-led invasion - USA rights group (Human Rights Watch) seeks Bush 'torture' inquiry' July 2011 - Human Rights Watch: Getting Away with Torture - 2 August: USA urges 'quick Iraq decision' on troop stay - 6 August 2011: Abu Ghraib abuse ringleader of USA military guards released from military prison - for 'good conduct' - 21. Oktober 2011: USA-Truppen werden vollständig zum Jahresende 2011 aus dem Irak abgezogen - 29 December 2011: USA pushes ahead with arms deals to Iraq including $11bn worth of fighter jets and tanks and coming in the worsening political crisis of the USA war victim
2012: 5 January 2012: Last member of squad of the USA Marine Corps accused of ambushing Iraqi civilians appears in court, six years after the massacre - Haditha massacre 2005 - 24 January: USA 'change' - Marine sergeant Wuterich who told his troops to "shoot first, ask questions later" in a raid that killed unarmed Iraqi women, children and elderly pleaded guilty Monday in a deal that will carry no more than three months confinement - 25. Januar 2012: Das USA-Massaker von Haditha 2005 bleibt ungesühnt - 4. Februar 2012: Wikileaks-Informant über Kriegsverbrechen Manning muß vor Militärgericht - 30 July: More than $200m was wasted on a programme to train Iraqi police that the government in Baghdad neither needed or wanted, US auditors have found
2013: 29 January 2013: British troops in Iraq killed civilians including women, the elderly and children and committed 'terrifying acts of brutality', the British High Court heard today - 3 February: American way of death - 'Al-Shaitan Ramad' named America's deadliest Navy Seal sniper after killing and murdering 160 Iraqis during the Iraq War shot dead at Texas gun range - 4 March 2013: The Al-Sweady Inquiry in London was shown gruesome photographs of bloodied corpses - 5 March: British troops alleged to have murdered up to 20 prisoners after a fierce battle in May 2004 in southern Iraq, and tortured five other captives - 9 mars 2013: Une enquête révèle que la torture était pratiquée en Irak pendant l'occupation américaine et accuse les États-Unis d’avoir couvert des actes de torture
Since 2003 sectarian violence, attacks, terrorism and continued war in Iraq: List of suicide bombings in Iraq since 2003 - Terrorist incidents in Iraq by year
2006-2008: Sectarian violence as part of the Iraq war, February 2006 – May 2008
May 2011: Mai 2011: Bombenanschläge in Kirkuk Mai 2011
September 2011: 30. September 2011: Viele Tote bei Anschlag auf Trauerfeier in Hilla
November 2011: 26 Novemer: Bomb blasts in Baghdad kill at least 15 Iraqis - 22 December: Deadly series of attacks rock Baghdad
December 2011: 26 décembre: Attentat-sucide meurtrier contre le ministère de l'Intérieur
January 2012: 5 January: New bombings target mainly Shia area of the Iraqi capital - 5 January: Wave of bombings leave scores dead across the country - 10 January: Many deaths in series of Iraq attacks - 14 January: Suicide bomb kills dozens in Basra Shia pilgrim attack - 15 January: A series of car and roadside bombs strike Ramadi, targeting the police - 24 January: Deadly blasts in Baghdad's Sadr City - 26 January: Deaths in attacks on Iraq's Sunni districts
February 2012: 23 February: Car bombings, shootings and explosions target mostly Shia neighbourhoods, leaving at least 55 dead across the country
March 2012: 5 March: At least 27 security and police personnel killed, officials say, as gunmen storm checkpoints in city of Haditha - 20 March: Deadly explosions in series of attacks on Iraqi cities
April 2012: 19 April: Several blasts in Iraq capital and northern city leave several people dead and dozens injured
May 2012: 31 May: Six blasts across Baghdad kill at least 17
June 2012: 4 June: Blast strikes Shia charity office in Iraq - 13 juin: Série d'attentats à Bagdad et Hilla
July 2012: 23 July: Deadly attacks and series of explosions in various cities, including capital Baghdad
August 2012: 1 August: At least 19 killed and another 47 wounded in explosions targeting shopping area and passport office in Iraqi capital - 10 August: At least nine people killed in multiple blasts targeting Shia worshippers and security forces in northern Iraq - NZZ 12. August: Sieben Tote bei Angriff auf Schiiten bei Amerili - 16 August: At least 13 people killed in separate explosions north of the capital Baghdad - 17 August: Bombs, attacks kill more than 50 in 15 cities and towns nationwide ahead of Eid
September 2012: 9 September: At least 73 people killed and more than 200 injured in attacks against Iraqi security forces across the country - 26 September: Bombings and shootings mainly targeting Iraqi security forces kill eight people, a day after a wave of attacks against members of the security forces left nine police officers and soldiers dead and 11 wounded - 30 September: Bomb and gun attacks in multiple cities kill at least 37 people and leave more than 90 wounded
October 2012: 28 October: Simultaneous bombs across Iraq target Shia Muslims leaving scores dead and wounding dozens
November 2012: 14 November: A series of car bombs and a roadside explosion have killed at least 20 people across Iraq - 29/30 November: Shia worshippers and security forces targeted in bombings that killed 48 and injured many more across four provinces
December 2012: 17 December: Attacks against Iraqi security forces and Shiites kill at least 20 people - 31 December: Car bombing kills two people south of Baghdad - 31 December: At least 23 people have been killed and scores injured in shootings and bombings in several cities and towns
January 2013: 3 January: A car bomb has killed at least 20 Shia Muslim pilgrims and injured others in the Iraqi town of Musayyib - 16 January: At least seventeen people killed and many others injured in two car bomb attacks in Kirkuk and Tuz Khurmatu - 23 January: Targeting the funeral of a relative of a politician who was killed a day earlier a suicide bomb at the Shiite Sayid al-Shuhada mosque in Tuz Khurmatu in north Iraq killed at least 42 people
February 2013: 3 février: Plusieurs dizaines de morts dans une attaque contre la police à Kirkouk - 4 February: A suicide bomb targeting anti-Qaeda militiamen collecting their salaries north of Baghdad killed at least 22 people and wounded 44 others - 8 February: A spate of car bombs in Baghdad and central Iraq, including two explosions minutes apart at a popular bird market, killed 16 people and wounded dozens - 9 February 2013: Six people including a woman were killed and more than 25 wounded in a rocket attack on an Iranian dissident camp in Iraq's capital Baghdad - 12 February: A suicide car bomber and unidentified gunmen killed at least 12 people in the Iraqi city of Mosul - 16 February: Suicide bombers in Tal Afar and a sticky bomb near Baghdad kill an army intelligence officer and a senior judge
March 2013: 1 March: At least 22 people were killed in a series of blasts in Shi'ite neighbourhoods of Baghdad - 12 March: Attacks across Iraq killed 12 people, including three people who died in a suicide bombing at a police station near a school that also wounded 165 others - 14 March: At least 20 people killed and 50 others injured after after three car bombs and a suicide attack hit the Green Zone of Baghdad - 17 March: Car bomb kills ten people, wounding 16, near the outskirts of the south Iraq city of Basra - 19 March 2013: A series of coordinated car bombs and roadside blasts hit Shi'ite districts across Baghdad and south of the Iraqi capital, killing at least 25 people and wounding 88 others ten years after the beginning of US-led invasion - 26 March: Explosion rips through armoured car, killing two local politicians in town of Tuz Khurmatu - 29 March: Four Shia mosques in Baghdad and one in Kirkuk struck by car bombs, with reports of at least 18 dead and dozens hurt
April 2013: 6 April: A coordinated attack involving a suicide bomber at an open-air election campaign meeting in Baquba in central Iraq kills 25 people - 12 April: A bomb exploded near a Sunni mosque north of Baghdad killing seven people, the latest in an uptick in violence in the run-up to elections next week - 15 April: Seven killed, 118 wounded in a series of car bomb blasts across the country - 23 April: Bomb attacks on Sunni mosques in Iraq killed 13 people and wounded dozens of other people - 24 avril: Après plusieurs jours de violences intercommunautaires où près de 125 personnes sont mortes, des hommes armés ont pris le contrôle de Souleimane Bek au nord de Bagdad - 26 April: Nearly 50 people were killed in clashes on Thursday in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul - 27 April: Bomb blasts in Baghdad killed at least 20 more people on Friday - 29 April: Three car bombs exploded south of Baghdad on Monday, killing nine people and wounding 70 others
May 2013: 2 May: At least 22 people were killed in attacks across Iraq on Wednesday - 6 May: A series of attacks including a blast near an Internet cafe in a Sunni area killed nine people and wounded dozens on Sunday in and around Baghdad - 7 May: Shootings and bombings in Iraq, including one targeting a provincial council member, killed seven people and wounded two others - 15 mai: Des vendeurs dans des magasins d'alcool à Bagdad disent craindre pour leur vie au lendemain d'une attaque d'inconnus contre des échoppes vendant de la bière et des spiritueux qui a fait douze morts - 15 May: Bomb attacks in Shi'ite areas of Baghdad and in northern Iraq killed more than 30 people on Wednesday - 16 May: A suicide bomber attacked a Shiite place of worship in Kirkuk, killing 12 people - 18 May: Bombs targeting Sunnis, including two outside a mosque in Baquba and one at a funeral procession, killed 67 people in Iraq on Friday, after dozens died in two days of attacks on Shiites - 18 May: Gunmen raid the house of an anti-terrorism police officer in the southern suburbs of Baghdad, killing five people including him and his sleeping family - 18 May: A string of attacks killed at least 16 people on Saturday, while gunmen abducted eight policemen guarding a post on Iraq's main highway to Jordan and Syria - 20 May: 10 Iraqi policemen killed by militants in attacks on checkpointsin the West of the country - 20 May: Wave of attacks hits Shiite and Sunni areas of Iraq, killing at least 86 people - 21 May: Four bombings in a Turkmen Shiite area of Tuz Khurmatu and in Kirkuk killed five people and wounded 69 today - 27 May: More than 70 people were killed in a wave of bombings in markets in Shi'ite neighbourhoods across Baghdad - 28 May: Bombings and gunfire in central and northern Iraq killed at least 11 people and wounded 35 others on Tuesday - 30 May: Car bombs and roadside explosions hit mainly Sunni Muslim districts of Baghdad and a northern city, killing at least 27 people - 31 May: Bombs kill 25 in Sunni-Shiite neighbourhoods across Iraq, three policemen killed by gunmen in Fallujah
June 2013: 6 June: Iraqi officials say two car bomb explosions in Baghdad have killed at least six people and wounded more than two dozen - 7 June: Car bomb in Najaf kills 10 Iranian pilgrims - 10 June: At least 12 people have been killed in a series of bombings in a market north of Baghdad - 10/11 June: A wave of bombings and attacks rocked central and northern Iraq on Monday, targeting market-goers, police posts including an assault on police headquarters in Mosul and killing more than 70 people - 16 June: At least 10 apparently coordinated car bombs and a shooting across Iraq have killed at least 24 and wounded dozens - 17 June: At least 12 people were killed in three bomb attacks in Iraq today, police said - 20 June: A suicide bombing in northern Iraq killed a provincial political party leader and four relatives, ahead of elections - 25 June: Baghdad car bombs kill 23, injures 81 - 25 June: Suicide bombers target Iraqi Turkmen, killing eight - 29 June: A series of bombs near a bakery, at a funeral, inside a senior police officer's car and at a football stadium killed at least 22 people across Iraq - 29 June: Attacks in Sunni Arab areas of Iraq killed 10 people on Saturday
July 2013: 1 July: A bomb planted near a yard where people were playing soccer in Nahrawan, south of Baghdad, killed 12 and wounded 24 people on Sunday - 2 July: More than 2,500 people were killed in Iraq in the past three months, the UN said on Monday as new attacks left 41 people dead - 3 July: Suicide attacks, bombings and shootings erupted across Iraq today, killing at least 17 people - 8 July: In two days of violence 19 people were killed, including six family members shot dead while returning from a wedding - 12 July: Militants killed 25 Iraqi security forces in a wave of attacks, and 15 other people died in other attacks including 10 mourners in twin bombings - 13 July: Bomb attack on a tea house in Kirkuk kills 31 people - 14 July: Two bomb attacks near Sunni mosques in the Iraqi capital killed at least 23 people who had gathered to pray - 19 July: Suicide bomber kills 20 people in a Sunni mosque in the town of Wajihiya - 21 July: A wave of bombings killed 65 people in Baghdad province and the commercial areas of the capital, without a claim of responsibility for the attacks - 22 July: Gunmen raid Iraq's Abu Ghraib and Taji jails, as bombings and shootings kill 13 people on Sunday - 22 July: A suicide bomber attacks an army convoy in the eastern Kokchali district of Mosul, killing at least eight soldiers and two passers-by - 23 July: At least 500 escape in deadly assaults on Iraq prisons - 23 July: Bombs targeting worshippers gathered for evening prayers at three Sunni mosques in Iraq killed nine people on Tuesday - 25 July: Militants killed nine police in an attack with mortars and automatic weapons, while 14 people including six soldiers died in other violence - 25 July: 14 Shia truck drivers shot dead after being stopped by gunmen on main road leading north of Baghdad - 26 July: At least 28 people killed in bombings and shootings across Iraq, including a car bomb that exploded in a busy market killing 14 people in central Muqdadiya - 28 July: A suicide car bomber rammed his vehicle into a Kurdish security patrol in northern city of Tuz Khormato killing eight people and wounding five more - 29 July: At least 22 killed and more than 100 injured in coordinated bombings targeting mainly Shia areas in Baghdad and Basra - 31 July: A Shiite and a Sunni mosque in Baghdad have been targeted in bombings that killed at least nine people, officials say
August 2013: 1 August: July deadliest month in Iraq since 2008, UN says - 4 August: Bombings and shootings across Iraq killed 19 people, including an ambush that targeted a military convoy - 7 August: A series of car bombs targeting busy markets and shopping streets in and around Baghdad killed at least 51 people and wounded more than 100 on Tuesday - 11 August: Baghdad car bombs kill dozens in attacks on Shia neighbourhoods - 15 August: Car bombs across Baghdad kill at least 33 people - 24 August: Suicide bombing in a park in northern Baghdad crowded by cafe- and restaurant-goers the bloodiest attack in a day of violence that killed at least 36 people across the country - 28/29 August: Baghdad bomb attacks extending the wave of sectarian bloodshed killed 86 people and wounded 263, police and medical sources say - 30 August: Iraqi officials say bomb blasts at a market north of Baghdad and another on the outskirts of the capital have killed 23 people - 30 August: Two roadside bombs exploded on the edge of the north Iraq town of Tuz Khurmatu, killing at least 13 people, most of them children - 31 August: Gunmen killed five worshippers at a Sunni mosque in Baghdad on Saturday
September 2013: 3/4 September: A series of car bombs exploded across Iraqi capital, killing nearly 60 people in predominantly Shi'ite districts - 10 septembre: Au moins 16 personnes ont été tuées, dont six alors qu'elles lavaient le corps d'un mort avant de l'enterrer - 12 September: Bombings at Shi'ite mosque in Baghdad kill at least 33 - 13 September: A pair of roadside bombs exploded outside of a Sunni mosque in Baquba, killing at least 30 people as they left the building after Friday prayers - 15 September: A suicide bomb attack at a funeral held by members of Iraq’s Shabak ethnic minority near the city of Mosul in northern Iraq killed 26 people and left 46 others injured - 16 September: A wave of car bombings and other attacks in Iraq killed at least 58 people in mostly Shiite-majority cities in south and central Iraq - 22 September: At least 56 killed in Baghdad bombings - 23 September: A suicide bomber struck a Sunni funeral in Baghdad on Sunday, killing at least 12 people - 23 septembre: Au moins neuf personnes ont été tuées et 27 blessées lundi dans un attentat contre des funérailles sunnites à Adhamiya, dans le nord de la capitale - 25 September: Militants attacked local government and police buildings in Hawijah with suicide bombings and mortar fire, sparking clashes that killed 14 people, among 24 deaths nationwide - 26 September: Bombs ripped through outdoor markets in and near Baghdad on Thursday, killing at least 21 people and wounding dozens - 29 September: At least 40 people were killed when a suicide bomber blew himself up at a Shi-ite Muslim funeral in Mussayab, 60km south of Baghdad, on Sunday - 29 septembre: Au moins six personnes ont été tuées dans une série d’attentats à Erbil, au Kurdistan irakien
October 2013: 2 October: Militants shoot down military helicopter in the region of Kirkuk and Salahuddin province, killing all four crew members - 5 October: Gunmen killed two Iraqi journalists in the city of Mosul, as other violence including a suicide bombing at a cafe left 20 people dead - 8 October: Eight explosions in mainly Shi'ite districts in Baghdad, one explosion in a mixed area and another in the predominantly Sunni Muslim neighbourhood of Doura kill at least 38 people - 10 October: 20 people killed on Thursday, among them four anti-Al-Qaeda fighters shot dead by gunmen, eight militants killed by security forces, civilians and police killed by bombings in Baghdad and northeast of Baquba - 12 octobre: Une voiture piégée a explosé au nord de Bagdad, faisant au moins 12 morts - 13 October: More than a dozen bombs exploded in Iraq on Sunday, killing at least nine people and wounding more than 70 others - 15 octobre: Neuf personnes ont été tuées dans un attentat ayant visé mardi des fidèles à Kirkouk, après la prière marquant le début de l'Aïd al-Adha - 17 October: Seven car bombs exploded in Baghdad province, killing at least 24 people and wounding at least 70 - 20 October: Dozens killed in bomb attack on Baghdad cafe while at least another 12 died in a spate of bomb attacks on security personnel and government buildings - 24 October: Iraqi journalist Bashar Abdulqader killed in Mosul - 26 October: Bombings in central Iraq that targeted a market, a cafe and the homes of police officers killed 13 people on Friday - 27 October: Ten bombings mainly targeting Shiite-majority areas of Baghdad province killed at least 41 people, while 20 died in bombings and shootings elsewhere in Iraq
November 2013: 5 novembre: Treize personnes, la plupart des membres des forces de sécurité, ont été tuées mardi en Irak - 8 November: Attacks in Iraq, including a double suicide car bombing targeting a military base in Tarmiyah, kill 30 people across the country - 10 novembre: Au moins sept morts dans des violences dans le nord du pays, principalement à Mossoul - 13 November: Violence across Iraq, including bombings against Shiites, kills twenty three people on the eve of rituals - 17 novembre: Au moins 17 morts dans des attaques à Bagdad - 22 November: A truck bomb tore through an outdoor vegetable market in Sadiyah, the deadliest of a series of attacks that killed at least 48 people - 26 novembre: Un attentat suicide à l'entrée d'une base de l'armée au nord de Bagdad a fait au moins 7 morts et 22 blessés - 29 November: Market bombings, attacks across Iraq kill 29 people - 30 November: 52 people dead in throwback to Iraq's sectarian bloodshed - 30 novembre: Sept personnes morts samedi dans de nouvelles attaques qui ont frappé la périphérie de Bagdad et les environs de Mossoul et Touz Khoumartou
December 2013: 7 décembre: Attaques contre des commerces de boissons alcoolisées, 9 morts - 8 December: 35 people killed in wave of Baghdad area bombings - 13 December: Oil workers massacred in Iraqi town of Muqdadiya in al-Qaida-style attack - 15 December: At least 17 people, most of them Shi'ite Muslims, killed in a wave of bombings and shootings across Iraq - 19 December: Suicide bombers, militant attack kill 41 across Iraq - 20 December: Two bombings in a market and another in a cemetery as people buried victims of the first blasts killed at least 11 people in Tuz Khurmatu - 21 December: At least 18 Iraqi military officers were killed in an ambush in the province of Anbar - 25 December: At least 34 people killed in bomb attacks in Christian areas of Baghdad on Wednesday, some by a car bomb exploding near a church after a Christmas service - 30 December: At least 18 people including soldiers were killed in attacks across Iraq on Sunday
2014-present Iraq War: Iraq War (2014–present)
January 2014: 2 January: Violence in Iraq surged in 2013 to its worst level in five years, fuelled by discontent among the Sunni Arab minority and the civil war in neighbouring Syria - 2 January: Iraqi security forces and armed tribesmen battle al Qaeda-linked jihadist militants who reportedly seized swathes of the two Sunni-majority cities of Fallujah and Ramadi - 3 January: Clashes kill 62 Al Qaeda militants in the Ramadi area - 4 janvier: La ville de Fallouja est passée aux mains des islamistes - 5 janvier: Les autorités irakiennes veulent reprendre la cité de Fallouja à Al-Qaïda - 6 January: Residents are fleeing Fallujah - 13 January: Bomb attacks kill at least 18 in Baghdad and Tuz Khurmatu - 19 January: Attacks across Baghdad, including car bombs at an up-scale shopping mall and near a juvenile detention centre, kill 21 people - 25 January: Shelling against a Shiite Muslim village killed six people on Saturday, including a young boy - 30 January: Baghdad bombs and shooting kill at least 19 people - 31 January: Six suicide bombers burst into a Ministry of Transportation building, took hostages and killed at least 24 people including themselves
February 2014: 5 February: A string of rush-hour bombings has hit Baghdad, killing at least nine people - 13 February: At least 17 civilians and soldiers were killed in bomb attacks across Iraq on Wednesday - 13 February: Sunni Islamists overrun Iraqi town of Sulaiman Pek north of Baghdad after seizing city - 18 February: Bomb blasts in predominantly Shi'ite districts of Baghdad and in Hilla kill at least 49 people
March 2014: 1 March: UN says 703 Iraqis killed and 1,381 wounded in violence in February - 7 March: Shelling in Fallujah and a shooting targeting a local official killed eight people on Friday
April 2014: 2 April: Bombings around Iraq kill eight people ahead of elections - 6 April: An explosion at a booby-trapped house, clashes with militants and roadside bombings killed 21 soldiers in Iraq - 9 April: Six car bombs rocked mainly Shiite-populated areas of Baghdad, killing at least seven people and wounding 30 - 15 April: Shelling in Fallujah killed five people and wounded 16, while mortar rounds and twin suicide bombings in Ramadi left one dead and eight wounded and a man was shot dead in the northern province of Kirkuk - 19 April: Two bombs planted on a street full of shoppers in Baghdad have killed four people and wounded eight - 25 April: Explosions at Iraq election rally in Baghdad kill 31 people
May/June 2014: 4 May: As officials count ballots from the general election, more than 30 people killed in 24 hours in Iraq violence - 12 May: Over 41 people were killed and 30 others injured across Iraq in separate attacks that mainly targeted security forces
June 2014: 8 June: A wave of car bombs exploded across Baghdad, killing more than 60 people, and militants stormed Anbar university campus - 2014 Northern Iraq Isis offensive since 5 June - 10 June: Isis insurgents seize control of Iraqi city of Mosul - 11/12 June: 500,000 people flee Iraq's second city of Mosul after Islamist militants took control and Iraq army capitulates in more cities - 12 June: Isis forces take Tikrit, a day after 35,000 Iraq soldiers reportedly fled an Isis force of 800 in Mosul - 12 June: Iraqi Kurdish forces take Kirkuk after central government's army abandons posts and Isis captured towns - 13 June: Iraq's senior Shi'ite cleric urges followers to fight Sunni militants, who captured two more Iraqi towns - 14 June: Iraqi forces massing in Samarra - 15 June: Series of explosions kills 15 people, wounds 30 in Baghdad as followers of Shia group heading to Baghdad to join the Iraqi army and fight against Sunni insurgents - 17 June: Residents flee as insurgents take the northern Iraqi city of Tal Afar after a two-day battle with security forces - 17 June: Scores of Iraqis killed during battle for provincial capital of Baquba, that also shuts main oil refinery - 19 June: Iraqi forces battle Islamists for control of country's largest refinery Baiji, as 250-300 workers are evacuated - 20 June: Iraqi militants seize Saddam's top chemical weapons facility used to make chemical agents including sarin during the Iran-Iraq war, but any weapons found inside reportedly useless - 21 June: Sunni militants seize Syrian border crossing after killing some 30 Iraqi troops in a day of clashes - 24 June: Islamists launch push to seize Baiji oil refinery as Kerry visits Irbil and Maliki agrees to set up new government by 1 July - 24 June: Iraqi air strikes killed at least 32 people as security forces held off attacks on Haditha and Baiji - 26 June: Iraqi Kurds strengthen their positions while Isis advances and Maliki insists that any new government must be based on an election he won - 26 June: With USA troops now deployed in Iraq, the Iraqi army is making a push to drive ISIS back from Baghdad and launches aerial assault against ISIS - 28 June: Thousands from a predominantly-Christian town south of Mosul flee from fighting between Isis and Kurdish forces - 28/29 June: Iraqi army makes push to retake Tikrit from Islamists, claiming Tikrit retaken
July 2014: 4 July: Iraq army reportedly retakes Awja - 6 July: Iranian pilot killed fighting against Sunni Muslim militants in Samarra north of Baghdad - 9 July: The Islamic State extremist group, formerly known as ISIS, has taken control of a vast former chemical weapons facility northwest of Baghdad, where remnants of 2,500 degraded chemical rockets filled decades ago with the deadly nerve agent sarin are stored along with other chemical warfare agents, a threat now played down by the USA, invading Iraq 2003 for alleged threat of weapons of mass destruction - 11 July: Iraq's security forces and allied Shiite militias executed at least 255 Sunni prisoners as they fled a lightning jihadist-led advance last month, Human Rights Watch says - 12 July: Iraq battles assault on the city of Ramadi while the Kurds claim disputed oilfields - 18 July: The escalating violence in Iraq has killed more than 5,500 civilians over the first six months of 2014, UN says - 19 July: Baghdad bombings kill dozens
August 2014: 6 August: Kurds, Islamic State clash near Kurdish regional capital Arbil - 8 August: USA's Barack Obama orders air strikes against IS terrorists in northern Iraq, humanitarian aid drops to threatened people - 9 August: USA forces bomb IS/Isis militant positions targeting frontlines around Kurdish capital of Irbil, food for civilians dropped on Mount Sinjar to help encircled refugees - 10 August: Obama warns of long campaign as Iraq strikes continue against Isis, as minorities flee Islamist onslaught and British planes join relief effort - 10 August: Aided by USA air strikes, Peshmerga forces liberate Zamar, Makhmour and al-Gweir areas northern Mosul, near Irbil - 11 August: USA conducts fourth food, water drop for civilians besieged by jihadists - 12 August: USA urges Abadi to form new government swiftly as fears grow for the besieged Yazidi community and the resistance movement against IS depends on solidarity and inclusion - 13 August: As UN's Ban Ki-moon urges countries to do more for threatened civilians in Iraq, USA sends more 130 troops to support the resistance in the Irbil area< - 14 August: USA team in Iraq assesses that there are far fewer Yazidis on Mount Sinjar than feared adding that the USA will continue to provide humanitarian assistance - 14 August: Thousands of Iraqi refugees reportedly 'still at risk' despite ending of Mount Sinjar siege, as hundreds of thousands driven from their homes by IS terrorists - 15 August: IS militants reportedly murdered some 80 Yazidis in a village in Iraq's north - 17 August: As part of a joint Iraq-USA plan, USA air strikes targeting Islamic State militants near Iraq's Mosul dam - 17/18 August: Key facility retaken by Kurdish forces after major campaign of USA airstrikes near Mosul Dam began
September/October 2014: 11 September: Obama announces expansion of USA campaign against terrorist 'Islamic State' in Iraq and Syria - 12 September 2014: Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Gulf states agree to join USA-led military campaign against Islamic State terror group - 16 September: USA begins expanded air strikes on Islamic State in Iraq - 30 September/1 October: Retaking lost ground in August, Iraqi Kurdish forces capture a strategic border crossing and several villages from Islamic State terrorists, with new signs of cooperation in the border region of northern Iraq - 1 October: As Australia sends two unarmed planes to support USA air strikes in Iraq, British jets bomb Islamic State for first time - 11/12 October: At least 45 people killed in bombings in Baghdad and its rural outskirts as the government continues to fight against jihadists and USA defense secretary says Iraqi forces are in full control of Baghdad - 12 October: Islamic State suicide bombers kill 28 Kurds in an attack on a Kurdish security headquarters and a provincial police chief - 14 October: Rights group accuses Iraqi government of supporting and arming groups of Shiite fighters carrying out kidnappings and killings against Sunni civilians in response to Islamic State - 16 October: Islamic State terrorists target Baghdad with deadly wave of car bombs and mortar attacks - 20 October: After seizing two Kurdish villages, Islamic State terrorists reportedly advanced on the Iraqi town of Qara Tappa disguised as Kurdish peshmerga fighters, new deadly attacks in Bagdad and Kerbala - 24 October: Iraqi forces must be trained, armed and ready before major advances, USA says - 25 October: Kurdish regional forces retook the northern Iraqi town of Zumar and several nearby villages - 26 October: Iraq government forces and militias take control of strategic town of Jurf al-Sakhar south of Baghdad, breaking the grip of Islamic State terrorists after months of fighting - 28 October: As a car bomb kills at least eight people in Baghdad and a suicide bombing left dead at least 14 pro-government fighters south of the capital, the US-led coalition carries out fresh air strikes against terrorists in Iraq and Syria
November/December 2014: 2 November: Islamic State terrorists executed 67 people from a pro-government Sunni tribe in the western Iraqi province of Anbar - 27 November: Iraqi forces backed by tribesmen hold off 'Islamic State' attack on Ramadi - 28 November: New series of USA military air strikes hit 'Islamic State' in Iraq and Syria - 4 December: 'Islamic State' cedes little ground despite coalition's air attacks - 17 December: Iraqi Kurdish forces launch offensive to retake 'Islamic State' held areas - 18 December: Iraqi Kurds backed by USA air strikes reportedly free 'vast area' of Mt Sinjar freeing trapped Yazidis - 21 December: Iraq Kurds deliver aid to Mt Sinjar, expand their offensive against 'Islamic State' and push its militants out of a large area around Mt Sinjar, backed by USA-led air strikes - 28 December: Hundreds of executions by 'Islamic State', also killing its own members, in Syria reported, as Iranian general killed by sniper bullet in embattled Iraqi city - 29 December: Iraqi forces launch offensive on 'Islamic State' in Dhuluiyah
2015: 1 February: Iraq Kurdish forces retake oil field, villages in Kirkuk province from 'Islamic State' terrorists, freeing also 24 workers who had been taken captive - 8 February: At least 40 people killed in Baghdad bombings as decade-old nightly curfew ends, 'Islamic State' claims responsibility for one attack - 9 February: At least 13 civilians killed in a suicide bombing at a security checkpoint in western Baghdad's Shi'ite neighborhood of Kadhamiya - 14 February: Sunni tribal leader and seven others killed in Baghdad ambush - 20 February: Expected operation to retake Mosul from 'Islamic State' terrorists will likely begin in April or May - 24 February: Wave of bombings around Baghdad kills 28 people - 26 February: A USA-led coalition air strike near the Iraqi border town of Al-Qaim reportedly killed at least 17 'Islamic State' terrorists and nine civilians overnight - 28 February: Kurdish fighters rout 'Islamic State' terrorists from Tel Hamees in Syria’s northeastern Hassakeh region near Iraq - 28 February: Iraq bombs kill dozens in attacks north of Baghdad - 2 March: Iraqi forces begin assault on 'Islamic State' stronghold Tikrit - 3 March: USA-led coalition conducts more airstrikes on 'Islamic State' targets in Syria and Iraq, as at least four Shi’ite militias will help try to liberate Mosul - 6 March: Islamic State terrorists 'bulldozed' ancient city of Nimrud, Iraqi ministry says - 9 March: Backed by coalition airstrikes, Kurdish forces attack 'Islamic State' terrorists around Kirkuk - 12 March: Iraqi forces enter 'Islamic State' held Tikrit after 10-day push - 14 March: Evidence that IS used chemical weapons, Iraqi Kurds say - 22 March: Iraqi Sunnis accuse Shi'ite paramilitaries of burning homes outside Tikrit - 1 April: Iraq's defense ministry declares 'magnificent victory' over Islamic State terrorists in Tikrit - 4 April: Shi'ite fighters leave Tikrit under government deal after looting - 14 April: A car bomb in a commercial area in Mahmoudiyah south of Baghdad killed at least seven civilians and wounded 13 others - 16 April: IS terrorists clash with security forces inside Iraq's largest refinery in Anbar province - 18 April: Iraqi forces reportedly retake most of Baiji refinery - 19 April: More than 90,000 people fleeing violence in Iraq's Anbar province as bombings and mortar fire targeting public places kill 14 people around the capital Baghdad, UN says - 28 April: 3 car bombs on busy streets and marketplaces in Baghdad kill at least 19 people, a day after a wave of bombings hit the capital - 1 May: Five car bombs exploded across Baghdad on Thursday evening, killing at least 17 people - 14 May 2015: Five members of one family, including a pregnant woman and girl aged eight, died in Fadhiliya in suspected USA-led air strike, as other victims of the anti-IS air campaign may go unrecorded - 18 May: Ramadi falls to IS terrorists after Iraq military forces have fled abandoning their weapons, dozens of army vehicles and Iraqi PM's calls for reinforcement - 18 May: About 500 people — both civilians and Iraqi soldiers — are estimated to have been killed and thousands fled as Ramadi fell to the IS terrorists - 24 May: Iraqi forces regain ground from Islamic State terrorists east of Ramadi - 29 May: Bombings targeting two top hotels in Baghdad kill 15 people, with another 42 wounded - 4 June: UN appeals for half a billion dollars in international aid to help tackle worsening humanitarian crisis in Iraq triggered by the conflict with Islamic State - 10 June: USA's Obama weighs sending several hundred more USA troops to Iraq - 11 June: USA's expanded military campaign will set up a new base in Anbar Province to advise Iraqi forces on how to plan and organize operations and help them reach out to Sunni tribes and bring them into the battle
12 June 2015 - present 'Battle of Mosul', offensive launched by the Iraqi government and Kurdish forces against 'Islamic State' terrorists - 15 June: Seventeen people killed in battles between 'Islamic State' terrorists and pro-government forces near Iraq's Baiji refinery - 6 July: Heavy fighting as Iraqi Shi'ite fighters and army troops try to surround Falluja - 13 July: Baghdad bombings in Shia Muslim neighbourhoods and blamed on 'Islamic State' terrorists, reportedly kill at least 21 and wound 62 during Ramadan - 13 July: Iraq says operation to retake the country's largest province Anbar from 'Islamic State' underway - 14 July 2015: Iraq conflict leaves nearly 15,000 civilians dead over last 16 months, as UN report estimates death toll is in addition to 30,000 wounded and multiple gross human rights abuses - 18 July: A car bomb claimed by 'Islamic State' terrorists killed at least 80 people including children in a busy market in Iraqi town of Khan Bani Saad, about 20 miles northeast of Baghdad, while Muslims were celebrating end of Ramadan - 22 July: At least 32 people killed in bomb attacks across Iraq, the deadliest incident in northeastern Baghdad - 11 August: Three explosions, two of them suicide bombings, killed at least 33 people near Baquba, the capital of Iraq's eastern province of Diyala - 13 August: 'Islamic State' terrorists' truck bomb attack in the Iraqi capital's Jameela market kills 58 people also wounding at least 89 - 16 August: A series of bombings across Baghdad have killed at least 24 people on August 15 - 26 August: Kurds launch new assault on 'Islamic State' terrorists in northern Iraq - 30 September 2015: Kurds take ground from Islamic State terrorists in north Iraq, driving them out of several villages near the oil city of Kirkuk - 10 October: Iraq says forces advancing in several areas north and west of Ramadi - 17 October: Iraqi forces in huge anti-terrorist push in Baiji as part of their biggest advance against the Islamic State - 22 October: In a raid by Kurdish troops and USA special forces in northern Iraq nearly 70 hostages facing 'imminent mass execution' have been rescued from an Islamic State terrorists' jail, also leading to the first USA combat death since 2011
November/December 2015: November 2015 Sinjar offensive of Kurdish Peshmerga forces to recapture the city of Sinjar from the Islamic State terrorists - 12 November: Kurdish forces launch an extensive push to retake Sinjar city in northern Iraq, 15 months after it was seized by Islamic State terrorists - 13 November: Kurdish forces seize Iraq's Sinjar town from IS terrorists - 22 décembre: L'armée irakienne est entrée dans le centre de Ramadi - 27 décembre: Les forces kurdes ont arrêté et tué plusieurs membres du groupe Etat islamique à Riyadh en Irak - 28 December: Iraqi forces seize key base in Ramadi from 'Islamic State' terrorists - 29 December: Iraq's army will need Kurdish fighters' help to retake Mosul, Iraqi Finance Minister Zebari says, adding that its liberation would mark the end of the caliphate proclaimed by the 'Islamic State' terrorists
2016: 4 January 2016: At least two Sunni Muslim mosques have been attacked in Iraq in apparent retaliation for the execution of a Shi'ite cleric in Saudi Arabia - 11 January 2016: Dozens dead in spate of attacks by 'Islamic State' terrorists suicide bombers and gunmen in Iraq - 19 janvier: L'Etat islamique continue à mener des actes qui pourraient constituer des crimes de guerre, contre l'humanité et potentiellement un génocide, selon un rapport de l'ONU, qui cible aussi des violations de tous les autres acteurs - 22 January 2016: Kurds and Shias face off over Kirkuk in vacuum left by Iraqi army - 28 February: Bombings claimed by the Islamic State terrorists killed at least 33 and wounded at least 79 people in a Shiite area of Baghdad on Sunday - 6 March: Devastating busy checkpoint crowded with traffic in Hilla, 'Islamic State' terrorists' truck bomb kills 47 people south of Baghdad - 25 mars 2016: Double offensive à Palmyre et Mossoul contre le groupe Etat islamique - 25 March: Suspected 'Islamic State' suicide bomber kills 29 at football match in Iskanderiyah near Baghdad, as Iraqi forces recapture territory in western and northern provinces - 11 mai 2016: Au moins 34 personnes ont été tuées et une cinquantaine blessées mercredi dans un attentat à la voiture piégée ayant visé un marché à Bagdad - 15 May: Bomb attacks against a state-run cooking gas factory in Baghdad's northern outskirts on Sunday killed at least 11 people, including policemen, and wounded 21 others - 17 May: Two bombs went off in Baghdad on Tuesday, killing at least 13 people and wounding more than 40 - 24 mai: Les forces irakiennes poursuivaient leur vaste offensive pour reprendre la ville de Fallouja au groupe Etat islamique, une bataille qui met la population civile en grave danger - 29 May: Fears for civilians trapped inside Fallujah and in northern Syrian Islamic State terrorists' areas - 29 May: Servicemen from the USA-led coalition are assisting Kurdish Peshmerga forces in a new offensive in Iraq that aims to retake a handful of villages from Islamic State terrorists east of their Mosul stronghold - 30 May: Iraqi army enters Falluja in attempt to drive out Islamic State terrorists - 5 juin: Les forces irakiennes impliquées dans les opérations pour la reprise de Fallouja au groupe terroriste Etat islamique ont découvert dimanche une fosse commune qui contiendrait des centaines de corps - 9 June 2016: Two separate terror attacks targeting commercial street and army checkpoint in Baghdad kill at least 22 and wound more than 70 - 12 June: Iraqi forces gain ground against Islamic State terrorists south of Mosul - 17 June: Iraqi forces reportedly seized a tactically significant district in the embattled city of Falluja - 26 June 2016: Iraqi forces recaptured the last remaining district held by Islamic State terrorists in Falluja on Sunday, declaring the battle complete - 3 July 2016: At least 83 people were killed and 176 wounded in two separate bomb attacks in the Iraqi capital early Sunday, as one blast targets busy shopping center in Karada, killing 78 and wounding scores, claimed by Islamic State terrorists - 8 July 2016: Islamic State terrorists claim a triple suicide attack on Thursday evening near a Shia mausoleum north of Baghdad that killed at least 35 people and wounded 60 others - 9 July: Shia militias rule after battle to free Falluja, a city of ghosts and graffiti and a uncertain future for the people - 24 July: A suicide bomber struck near a checkpoint in a Shiite area of northern Baghdad, killing at least 12 and wounding at least 22 people - 25 juillet: Un attentat-suicide à la voiture piégée a fait au moins 12 morts et 37 blessés lundi matin à l'entrée de la ville de Khales au nord-est de Bagdad - 31 July: Thousands are fleeing Shirqat controlled by Islamic State terrorists, as Iraqi forces eye the northern Iraqi town, one of the last steps before Mosul - 14 August: Kurdish peshmerga forces in fresh push to recapture Mosul from Islamic State terrorists
October 2016: Since October 2016 Battle of Mosul, a joint offensive by Iraqi forces with allied militias, Kurdish Peshmerga of Iraqi Kurdistan, and international forces to retake the city of Mosul from Islamic State terrorists, following March-September 2016 Mosul offensive against the the so-called Islamic State in the region in a joint effort by Iraqi forces and Kurdish Peshmerga, limited USA ground forces, and USA and allied air support - 14/15 October 2016: Iraqi and Kurdish forces are finalising plans to attack the last urban stronghold Mosul of Islamic State terrorists in Iraq, which after a month-long buildup is now largely surrounded by a 60,000-strong force, as terrorists have banned civilians from leaving the city, setting up checkpoints on roads out and blowing up the homes of those who do flee as punishment and to deter others - 15 octobre: Au moins 27 fidèles chiites, qui étaient rassemblés pour la fête de l'Achoura dans le quartier d'Al Chaab, dans le nord de la capitale irakienne, ont été tués dans un attentat-suicide revendiqé par 'l'Etat islamique' - 17 October 2016: Iraqi and Kurdish forces launch assault on Mosul, which has been in the hands of Islamic State terrorists since 2014 - 19 October: Mosul residents who have fled Islamic State say a homegrown resistance, raised over the past six months, has made plans to launch coordinated attacks against the group as Iraqi and Kurdish forces close in - 20 October: After 'Islamic State' terrorist leaders reportedly have begun to flee Mosul, Iraqi army, special forces and Kurdish peshmerga launch 'large-scale' operation to retake Mosul - 21 October: Islamic State terrorists launch a commando raid on Kirkuk as concerns mount over fate of civilians in Mosul - 22 October: Nearly 1,000 people have been treated for breathing problems linked to toxic gases from a sulphur plant which Islamic State terrorists are suspected to have set on fire near the city of Mosul - 28 octobre: Au moins 232 personnes ont été exécutées par le groupe Etat Islamique il y a quelques jours, près de Mossoul, alors que les troupes irakiennes s'approchaient de cette ville, selon l'ONU
November/December 2016: 2 November 2016: Iraqi special forces are holding their positions in Mosul a day after entering the Islamic State-held city for the first time since 2014 - 2 November: Mosul civilians flee heavy fighting and Islamic State terrorists - 4 November: Heavy fighting in Mosul as Iraqi forces launch assault - 7 November 2016: Peshmerga liberate Bashiqa in the joint offensive to liberate Mosul and its countryside - 12 November 2016: As Iraqi troops battle IS terrorists in Mosul, UN reports terrorists's executions, over 47,000 displaced people, and USA-backed forces in Syria advance on jihadist bastion of Raqqa - 15 November 2016: In cleared areas of Mosul, Iraqi troops struggle to provide civilians with food - 24 November 2016: Dozens of people, many of them Iranian Shia pilgrims, have been killed by a suicide bombing claimed by Islamic State terrorists near the Iraqi city of Hilla, 60 miles south of Baghdad - 21 décembre 2016: Des combattants du groupe Etat islamique ont 'délibérément' attaqué des civils refusant de leur servir de 'boucliers humains' dans leur fuite face aux forces irakiennes à Mossoul - 29 December: Iraqi troops resume push to take Mosul from Isis after two-week lull - 31 December 2016: Two bombs explode in a busy market area in Baghdad's central al-Sinek neighborhood on Saturday, killing at least 18 people and wounding dozens
January/February 2017: 2 January 2017: Baghdad car bomb attack leaves at least 16 dead - 8 janvier 2017: Au moins 13 personnes ont été tuées et une cinquantaine blessées dans un attentat-suicide à Bagdad, revendiqué par l'EI - 19 janvier 2017: En retrait en Irak et en Syrie, le groupe djihadiste Etat islamique a perdu 23% de son territoire en 2016 et voit sa cohésion menacée - 19 February 2017: Iraq forces launch operation to retake west Mosul - 21 février: Les forces armées resserrent l'étau à Mossoul - 25 février: Les troupes irakiennes avancent dans Mossoul
March/April 2017: 4 March 2017: Thousands flee Iraq’s Mosul overnight, as fighting rages on to recapture it from Islamic State terrorists - 4 March 2017: UN raises fears of chemical attack in Mosul as patients exhibit 'severe signs associated with exposure to a blister agent' - 8 mars 2017: L'EI recule encore en Syrie et à Mossoul - 14 mars 2017: Les forces irakiennes progressent près de la Vieille ville de Mossoul - 24 March 2017: For almost a week desperate neighbours had scraped through the rubble, searching for shouting children and as many as 130 people who lay buried after three homes in a west Mosul suburb were destroyed by coalition airstrikes, raising fresh questions about USA rules of engagement - 25 March 2017: Iraq suspends Mosul offensive after USA-led coalition airstrike atrocity - 28 March 2017: Residents in Mosul were instructed not to leave their homes ahead of airstrikes last week that are reported to have killed more than 150 civilians, rights group says
May/June 2017: 30 May 2017: A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-rigged vehicle at a popular Baghdad ice cream shop killing 15 people and wounding 24 and claimed by 'Islamic State' terrorists - 30 mai 2017: Les forces irakiennes continuant de progresser dans l'ouest de Mossoul où quelque 200.000 civils piégés sont en grand danger selon l'ONU - 4 June 2017: Isil has surrendered the key town of Baaj in north-west Iraq, a known hideout of the terrorist group’s leader which had been under Islamist militants’ control throughout 14 years of war and insurgency - 13 June 2017: Contaminated food supplied by a UK charity has made hundreds of people severely ill at a camp for Iraqi civilians who have fled Islamic State terrorists and fighting in Mosul - 18 June 2017: Iraqi troops move into Mosul’s Old City, last Islamic State stronghold, as UN says over 100,000 civilians are trapped in battle zone, where terror group is using them as human shields
July/August 2017: 9 July 2017: After thousands of civilians have been killed in the battle for Mosul and after almost one million people have been displaced in nearly nine months of bitter fighting to defeat the terrorist group in the city where it proclaimed its 'caliphate' in 2014, Iraq’s PM Haider al-Abadi declares victory over 'Islamic State' in devastated Mosul - 20 August 2017: Iraq begins battle to retake Tal Afar, Islamic State terrorists' bastion near Mosul - 27 août 2017: Forcés de fuir, les habitants de Tal Afar reviennent chez eux après la reprise de la ville
September/October 2017: 15 September 2017: More than 80 people dead after militants use car bombs and suicide vests to target checkpoint and restaurants near Nasiriyah - 5 October 2017: Iraqi army says it has recaptured Hawija, one of last Isis enclaves
October 2017 Battle of Kirkuk: October 2017 Battle of Kirkuk, Iraqi offensive to retake Kirkuk Governorate from the Kurdish Regional Government - 13 October 2017: Kurdish and Iraqi government forces have squared off south of Kirkuk rushing troops and armour to the oil-rich city, two weeks after the country’s Kurds voted for independence from Baghdad and after Baghdad government forces, that failed to resist Islamic State terrorists 2013-2016, took positions on the city’s approaches, prompting fears of fresh violence in one of the most bitterly contested corners of Iraq - 16 October 2017: Iraqi federal troops have seized several parts of the disputed Kurdish-controlled province of Kirkuk, as Kurds claim Iraqi troops 'burnt houses and killed many' in battle for oil-rich Kirkuk, supported by the Iranian-backed mainly Shiite Hashd al-Shaabi - 16 October 2017: USA military rushes to defuse looming crisis in Kirkuk after Iraqi army advances - 17 October 2017: Iraqi forces and Shia-led militia drive Kurdish fighters out of town of Sinjar
October 2017 recapture of Raqqa: 17 October 2017: Syrian Democratic Forces recapture Raqqa after gruelling four-month battle for de facto Isis capital - 18 October 2017: As Raqqa falls and Islamic State's caliphate is now on its last legs, underlying factors that fueled its rise in Iraq, Syria remain, and USA left picking up pieces of a shattered Middle East
October 2017: 26 October 2017: Iraq forces assault last IS bastion, advance on Kurds, as the autonomous Kurdish regional governmen says Iraqi forces and Iranian-backed PMF are shelling peshmerga positions, using heavy artillery
January 2018: 15 January 2018: A double suicide bombing killed 26 people in Baghdad targeting day laborers in bustling Tayyaran Square on Monday, the second such attack in three days
February 2018: 9 février 2018: Human Rights Watch a accusé vendredi les forces de sécurité kurdes irakiennes d'avoir commis 'un crime de guerre' en 2017 en procédant à des 'exécutions massives' de présumés membres du groupe État islamique qu'elles détenaient
Economy of Iraq: Economy of Iraq - main industries are petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing - Companies of Iraq by industry - List of companies of Iraq - Government-owned companies of Iraq
Energy and oil industry: Energy and oil industry - Oil fields of Iraq - Baba Gurgur (Kurdish Babagurgur) near the city of Kirkuk - Majnoon oil field, Basra governorate in southern Iraq - Rumaila oil field, 32 km from the Kuwaiti border - West Qurna Field, near Basra
Oil and gas companies of Iraq: Oil and gas companies of Iraq
2012: 30 mai 2012: Contrats d'exploration de sites pétroliers et gaziers mis aux enchères - 21 July 2012: Blast shuts down Iraq-Turkey oil pipeline - 16. August 2012: Der Irak mit einer täglichen Erdölproduktion von 3,2 Mio. Fass, die zweitgrösste Fördermenge innerhalb der Opec - 14 November 2012: Iraq investment concerns remain
Electricity sector in Iraq: Electricity sector in Iraq - as of January 2016, the output of electricity sector in Iraq averages 13,000 MW, while the demand is 21,000 MW, lack of electricity tends to affect more severely the most vulnerable groups of Iraq’s society and increases their morbidity and mortality
2016: 25 January 2016: Though Iraq is a major OPEC oil producer, the country faces chronic electricity shortages, with its fragile grid struggling meet demand after decades of war, sanctions and neglect, now agreeing a $328.8 million deal with USA's General Electric to boost electricity production starting in 2017
Hydroelectric power stations in Iraq: Hydroelectric power stations in Iraq
Agriculture in Iraq: Agriculture in Iraq, despite its abundant land and water resources, Iraq is a net food importer - in 2004 the main agricultural crops were wheat, barley, corn, rice, vegetables, dates, and cotton, and the main livestock outputs were cattle and sheep
Since 2008/2009 Green Mada'in Association for Agricultural Development
Mesopotamian Marshes, Central, Hawizeh and Hammar Marshes: Mesopotamian Marshes - Draining of the Mesopotamian Marshes - Central or Qurna Marshes, a large complex of wetlands in Iraq that were part of the Tigris-Euphrates river system, along with the Hawizeh and Hammar Marshes
Water in Iraq: Water in Iraq - List of rivers of Iraq - Dams in Iraq
Tigris–Euphrates river system: Tigris–Euphrates river system - the Tigris and Euphrates with their tributaries form a major system in Western Asia, from sources in the Taurus mountains of eastern Turkey they flow by/through Syria through Iraq into the Persian Gulf - Euphrates river - Tigris, the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates - Shatt al-Arab of some 200 km in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq - Dams in the Tigris–Euphrates river system - Dams in the Euphrates River basin
Water supply and sanitation in Iraq: Water supply and sanitation in Iraq, characterized by poor water and service quality, combined with limited environmental awareness three decades of war have destroyed Iraq's water resources management system - Ministry of Water Resources in Iraq
2012/2013: 20 July 2012: Farmer in south Iraq commits suicide over lack of water which has forced hundreds of families to abandon their homes in recent years - 12 February 2013: A large loss of fresh water reserves in the Tigris and Euphrates river basins since 2003 detected
Tourism in Iraq: Tourism in Iraq - Visitor attractions in Iraq
World Heritage and archaeological sites in Iraq: World Heritage Sites in Iraq - Archaeological sites in Iraq
7 March 2015: Widespread outrage after 'Islamic State' bulldozes ancient Iraq city of Nimrud founded in the 13th century BC
Banking and financial services in Iraq: Banking in Iraq - Central Bank of Iraq - Trade Bank of Iraq - Industrial Bank of Iraq - Agricultural Cooperative Bank of Iraq - Iraq Stock Exchange
Infrastructure and investment in post-invasion Iraq: Infrastructure of Iraq - Reconstruction of Iraq - Economic reform of Iraq since 2003 - Investment in post-invasion Iraq - Development Fund for Iraq
External trade of Iraq: External trade of Iraq
Unemployment in Iraq: 2015: Almost seven million Iraqis, 23% of the total population, live in poverty, rising from 7% in 1990, youth unemployment rate is 30% double the national average of 15%, far from the target of 4% in 2015 and Iraq's economy is unable to produce enough jobs to employ the 450,000 Iraqis entering the labour force each year
Poverty in Iraq: 6 July 2013: Poverty in Iraq - 95% of its exports are from oil, but like other resource-rich countries this abundance of profit potential has not translated to a higher standard of living for the average Iraqi citizen, economic progress and social development has been hindered by ethnosectarian violence, severe setbacks in infrastructure, and poor educational quality
2015/2016: 2 October 2015: Poverty in Iraq grows as budgets squeezed by war with Islamic State terrorists and as more shanty towns are appearing across Baghdad, adding a wave of refugees to those already living in dire poverty - 25 April 2016: Facing poverty and unemployment not being adressed by the authorities, Iraqi families sell organs to overcome poverty as gangs are offering up to $10,000 for a kidney increasingly targeting the country’s poor
Military of Iraq and budget: Iraqi Armed Forces - List of current equipment of the Iraqi Army - Aircraft inventory - Navy equipment
Military budget - 2012 military budget rank 35
2013: 30 December 2013: Iraq's security forces face rising criticism that, with violence at the highest level in years, their heavy-handed tactics and alleged abuses do more harm than good
Politics of Iraq: Politics of Iraq - Demographics of Iraq - Political parties in Iraq - Trade unions in Iraq
Iraqi budget: 2 March 2013: Rafi al-Issawi will be first senior Sunni member to leave cabinet after months of anti-government protests, further intensifying the country's political crisis nearly a decade after the USA-led invasion - 7 March 2013: Iraq's parliament approved a $118.6 billion national budget - 31 January 2016: Iraq needs US$1.56 billion this year to finance its emergency response to the humanitarian crisis caused by the war against Islamic State terrorists, after the conflict has displaced more than 3.3 million people since 2014, according to a government report
Elections in Iraq: Elections in Iraq - Iraqi governorate elections 20 April 2013 - 20 April 2013: Iraq votes in test of stability as violence spikes - 21 April: Turnout for the provincial vote about 51 percent, but 14 candidates were killed in attacks ahead of the polls and a third of Iraq's provinces not voting due to security concerns and political disputes - 4 May: Iraq PM's group wins largest bloc in several areas - Iraqi Kurdistan legislative election 21 September 2013 - 21 September 2013: Iraq's Kurds vote amid rows, regional tensions - 28 September: Iraq president's party falls to third in Kurdish polls, with 95 percent of votes counted the KDP was first with 719,004 votes, the opposition Goran movement second with 446,095, and the PUK third with 323,867
Federal government and politics in Iraq: Federal government of Iraq
2011: 18 December 2011: Political crisis in Iraq as US withdraws - 20 December: Iraq issues arrest warrant for vice-president
2012: 10 September 2012: Fugitive Sunni Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi found guilty in absentia of running death squads and is sentenced to death - 10 September: Iraq vice-president rejects death sentence, dismissing verdict as 'politically motivated'
2013: 2 March 2013: Rafi al-Issawi will be first senior Sunni member to leave cabinet after months of anti-government protests, further intensifying the country's political crisis nearly a decade after the US-led invasion - 7 March 2013: Iraq's parliament approved a $118.6 billion national budget - 5 November 2013: The Iraqi government has announced that the parliamentary elections will be held on April 30, 2014
December 2013: 8 December: Two long-time parliamentary allies are distancing themselves from Iraqi PM al-Maliki ahead of April elections, accusing him of a deeply flawed security policy and nepotism- 28 décembre: Les forces de sécurité ont arrêté à l'ouest de Bagdad un député sunnite connu pour son soutien aux manifestants anti-gouvernement, au prix d'un raid ayant coûté la vie à son frère et à cinq gardes
April 2014: 11 April 2014: Iraqis go to the polls as extremism and violence rage - 27 April: In the first national election since USA troops left in 2011 and amid deepening sectarian divisions, Iraqis will vote on Wednesday
30 April 2014 Iraqi parliamentary election: Iraqi parliamentary election 30 April 2014 - 30 April: Iraqis stream to voting centres nationwide with a long list of grievances, ranging from poor public services to rampant corruption, high unemployment, and a deterioration in security - 30 April: Around 60 percent turnout in Iraq election, commission says
July 2014: 1 July: Iraqi parliament session collapses amid political standoff - 2 July: Control of rivers and dams reportedly has become a major tactical weapon for Isis and water supply one key to outcome of conflicts in Iraq and Syria - 8 July: Iraq’s new parliament postponed its next session for five weeks, extending the country’s political paralysis in the face of Sunni Islamist aggression - 10 July: Kurdish ministers boycott Iraqi cabinet meetings in response to prime minister Nouri al-Maliki's branding of Kurdish capital Irbil as haven for Isis militants - 16 July: Iraq's parliament elects new speaker al-Jabouri as Iraqi forces withdraw from Tikrit after heavy resistance - 25 July: USA congratulates Iraq on electing new president Fuad Masum, urging him to form a 'cohesive government' to help fight Islamic militants
August 2014: 10 August: Iraq parliament adjourns for 9 days with lawmakers unable to agree on a nominee for the post of PM - 11 August: USA stresses support for Iraq president after embattled PM al-Maliki accused him of violating the constitution and fears of coup in Baghdad - 12 August: Coalition of Shia parties nominate Haider al-Abadi to replace defiant Maliki as PM in bid to end Baghdad deadlock - 15 August: Iraq PM al-Maliki steps aside
December 2014: 1/2 December: After Iraqi government investigation has found 50,000 'ghost soldiers' on army payroll, Iraq PM sacks 24 senior officials announcing to tackle corruption
2015: 9 August 2015: In the face of mass protests against power cuts, corruption and bad government, Iraq’s cabinet approves wide-ranging reform plan that would abolish the three vice-presidential posts as well as the office of deputy PM in order to slash spending and improve its performance - 17 August: Iraq's parliament endorses a report calling for the trial of former PM Nuri al-Maliki and dozens of other top officials in connection with the fall of the northern city of Mosul to 'Islamic State' terrorists last year
2016: 16 April 2016: Iraqi government is teetering on the edge of collapse as PM Abadi tries to reshuffle his cabinet and rid the country of corruption, while members of Parliament continue to protest his efforts to appoint new leaders, calling for his ousting, and while Shiite clerics are pressuring Abadi to press forward with his reform movement - 30 April 2016: State of emergency declared in Baghdad after supporters of Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, who demands to end corruption and political and sectarian quotas, stormed the Green Zone and entered the parliament building - 6 July 2016: Iraq’s interior minister Ghabban has resigned saying a deputy would take over his responsibilities, a few days after the deadliest of many car bombings in Baghdad since the Iraq war
May 2018 Iraqi parliamentary election: 12 May 2018 Iraqi parliamentary election - 13 May 2018: Updates in first Iraqi election since IS terrorists defeat, as turnout was 44.52% with 92% of votes counted - 14 May 2018: With 95% of the votes counted in 10 of Iraq’s 18 provinces, Iraq’s Sadr supporters gathered in Tahrir Square in Baghdad to celebrate and chanted against Iran and corruption and in support of the independence of the Iraqi decision, saying 'Iran is out, Baghdad remains free' - 19 May 2018: According to official results the political coalition led by Muqtada al-Sadr won the most seats in Iraq's national parliamentary elections, after Sadr led insurgencies against USA-led forces following the ouster of Saddam Hussein and is against Iranian and USA's influence in Iraq - 20 May 2018: Iraq’s election winner al-Sadr promises reforms but is constrained by the expansionist Iranian regime
June 2018: 10 juin 2018: Le Conseil judiciaire suprême irakien a chargé dimanche un groupe de magistrats de remplacer la commission électorale pour le recomptage des votes - 11 June 2018: Iraq election ballot warehouse catches fire in Baghdad ahead of recount - 12 June 2018: Manual recount of Iraq election expected to begin this week - 13 June 2018: Nationalist cleric Muqtada al-Sadr announced a surprise political alliance with pro-Iranian Hadi al-Amiri in a bid to lead Iraq over the next four years
Social movements and protests in Iraq: Protests in Iraq - 2011 Iraqi protests - 2012–14 Iraqi protests concerning corruption, unemployment, poor national security, poor public services, marginalization of Sunnis, unfair treatment of prisoners, poor salaries of Sahwa militia, abuse of De-Baathification laws, Iranian interference in Iraqi affairs
2011: 9 April 2011: Tens of thousands in Baghdad calling for an end to USA-presence - 26. Mai 2011: Zehntausende protestieren in Baghdad gegen die USA - 9 September 2011: Iraqis mourn murdered radio journalist Hadi al-Mehdi amid protests
2012: 22 January 2012: Iraq government abusing protesters and harassing journalists criticised by rights report - 19. März 2012: Bis zu einer Million Demonstranten und Anhänger von Moktada as-Sadr werfen Ministerpräsident Nuri al-Maliki Versagen bei der Bekämpfung der Armut vor - 26 December: Tens of thousands of protesters gather in Anbar province to denounce allegedly sectarian policies of PM Nouri al-Maliki - 28 December: In Anbar province tens of thousands of protesters in fresh rallies against the al-Maliki government - 30 December: Iraq protesters clash with official's guards in Ramadi
2013: 4 January: Tens of thousands of Sunni Muslims in Iraq have been staging anti-government protests in Baghdad and other cities - 11 January: Tens of thousands of people continue to protest in numerous cities, including Ramadi, Samara and Mosul - 26 January: Amid heightened tensions after troops killed seven anti-government protesters on Friday gunmen killed two soldiers and kidnapped three others in a series of shootings in Fallujah - 26 January: Thousands of mourners gathered in the Iraqi city of Fallujah on Saturday at the funerals of Sunni protesters killed by army troops a day earlier - 1/2 February: Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis protesting against alleged discrimination and PM Nuri al-Maliki in new rallies in Sunni-majority parts of the country - 22 February: Anti-al-Qaeda fighters targeted near Baghdad as fresh demonstrations are held against Maliki's Shia-led government - 24 April: After Iraqi forces raided a Sunni protest camp and deadly clashes between security forces and protesters in a wave of revenge attacks, gunmen seized control of Sulaiman Bek north of Baghdad - 31 August: Thousands of protesters in and around Baghdad and south Iraq angrily railed against lawmakers' lavish benefits
2014: 8 March 2014: Iraqi women protest bill permitting marriage of girls aged 9
2015: 8 February 2015: Baghdad residents are relieved following the end of their city's curfew after a decade - 1 August 2015: Several hundred Iraqis took to the streets of Baghdad to vent their anger at the electricity shortages, which they blamed on government corruption 12 years after Iraq's infrastructure was severely damaged during the 2003 USA-led invasion and chronic power shortages ever since - 5 August: Iraqis complain of poor government services as heat rises - 8 August: Thousands of demonstrators turned out on Friday in Baghdad and southern Iraq to protest against rampant corruption and abysmal electricity services, calling for officials to be held to account
2016: 26 April 2016: Hundreds of thousands of people have taken to the streets of Baghdad to protest at a months-long political crisis and lack of reform - 21 May 2016: At least four anti-government protesters have been killed and 90 injured as police forces ejected them from Baghdad’s heavily fortified green zone, according to medical sources
2017: 11 février 2017: Les forces de sécurité irakiennes ont utilisé des gaz lacrymogènes contre plusieurs milliers de partisans du religieux chiite Moktada al Sadr qui manifestaient à Bagdad, les heurts ont fait au moins sept morts
July 2018 Iraqi protests: July 2018 Iraqi protests - 14 July 2018: Iraq protests spread to several cities including Najaf, Nasiriya, Baghdad and Amara - 15 juillet 2018: Deux personnes ont été tuées dans le sud de l'Irak au cours d'un mouvement de contestation sociale qui gagne du terrain, poussant les autorités à décréter un couvre-feu à Bassora - 15 July 2018: Iraqis demanding better public services and jobs took to the streets again on Sunday in the southern oil-rich province of Basra, as authorities put security forces on high alert and blocked internet - 16 July 2018: Mass protests sweep Iraq, target pro-Iran militias and parties, as Baghdad government shuts Internet and sends USA-trained elite counter-terror units to quell economic unrest - 19 July 2018: Protests over widespread unemployment, pollution, dirty drinking water and electricity failures during a stifling heat wave spread through cities in Iraq's oil-rich Shia south, where residents are some of the country’s poorest
Iraqi society, culture, religion and human rights in Iraq: Iraqi society
Governorates and districts of Iraq: Governorates (provinces) of Iraq - Districts of Iraq
Baghdad Governorate: Baghdad Governorate - City of Baghdad - Neighborhoods of Baghdad - History of Baghdad
2014: 6 May 2014: Iraq faces challenge to find solution for growing slums
2015: 8 February 2015: Baghdad residents are relieved following the end of their city's curfew after a decade - 21 February 2015: Baghdad’s first female mayor Zekra Alwach to take reins - 11 November 2015: Baghdad's slums, fertile recruiting ground for political parties
Al Anbar Governorate: Al Anbar Governorate, geographically the largest Iraqi governorate Population of Al Anbar- 2015 Al-Karmah offensive
2015: 13 August 2015: Iraq's Anbar governor announces to implement a package of reforms as part of PM's campaign to combat corruption and end sectarian and party quotas for government positions
Demographics and minorities in Iraq: Demographics of Iraq - Ethnic groups in Iraq - Minorities in Iraq
Arabs in Iraq: Arabs in Iraq - Arabs have been the majority in Mesopotamia since the Sasanian Empire 224-637, from the eighth century following the Muslim conquest of Persia Arabic became the dominant language of Iraqi Muslims
Assyrians in Iraq: Assyrians in Iraq or Iraqi-Assyrians are an ethnoreligious and linguistic minority in present-day Iraq with significant populations in Baghdad, Dohuk and Nineveh Governorates - History of the Assyrian people - Assyrian homeland
Jews in modern Iraq: History of the Jews in modern Iraq
Kurds in Iraq: Kurds in Iraq, the largest ethnic minority in Iraq, comprising between 15% and 20% of the country's population, as Sunni Islam became the dominant religion of the Kurdish people Kurds made sure to keep spiritual identity separate from national identity and today many Muslim Kurds do not consider themselves particularly religious but secondary practices of Islam have a stronghold in Kurdish culture - History of the Kurdish people - Iraqi Kurdistan - Disputed territories of Northern Iraq
2016: 8 September 2016: Iranian Kurdish rebel group Kurdistan Freedom Party received military training in weapons and explosives from USA and European advisers as part of the international program backing Kurds in the war against Islamic State terrorists in Iraq
2017: September 2017 Iraqi Kurdistan independence referendum, scheduled to be held on 25 September 2017
Palestinians in Iraq: Palestinians in Iraq, most of whom have been residing in Iraq after they were expelled from their homeland in 1948, before 2003, there were approximately 34,000 mainly concentrated in Baghdad, however, since the 2003 Iraq war, the figure lies between 10,000 - 13,000
Iraqi Turkmens: Iraqi Turkmens are a Turkic ethnic group, mainly residing in northern Iraq, and the third largest ethnic group in Iraq after Arabs and Kurds
Yazidis: Yazidis are an ethnically Kurdish religious community indigenous to northern Mesopotamia
2016: 17 September 2016: Yazidi Nadia Murad Basee Taha, who survived rape and abuse as a sex slave of Islamic State terrorists, became a UN goodwill ambassador for the dignity of survivors of human trafficking, calling for justice for the victims of the terrorists and argued that the 2014 attack on the Yazidis should be recognised as a genocide
Religion in Iraq: Religion in Iraq - Freedom of religion in Iraq
Shia–Sunni relations in modern Iraq: Shia–Sunni relations in modern Iraq
June 2017: 22 June 2017: In another devastating blow to Iraq’s heritage, Islamic State terrorists blows up Mosul’s iconic leaning minaret and the adjacent mosque, that had stood for over 840 years, and where al-Baghdadi in 2014 declared himself 'caliph', as Iraqi PM said that the destruction of the Grand Nouri mosque is an admission by the militants that they are losing the fight for the country’s second-largest city
History of the Jews in Iraq: History of the Jews in Iraq - Talmudic Academies in Babylonia - History of the Jews in modern Iraq
Human rights in Iraq: Human rights in post-invasion Iraq - Human rights in Iraq - Law of Iraq
Culture and languages of Iraq: Culture of Iraq - History of Mesopotamia - Architecture of Mesopotamia - Languages of Iraq - Modern Standard Arabic - Kurdish languages - Syriac language - Armenian language - Neo-Aramaic languages
Mesopotamian Arabic
Women in Iraq: Women in Iraq - Women's rights - Organization of Women's Freedom in Iraq
2014: 6 February 2014: Iraqi security forces are detaining thousands of women illegally and subjecting them to torture and abuse, Human Rights Watch says - 8 March 2014: Iraqi women protest bill permitting marriage of girls aged 9
Children in Iraq:
2016: 30 June 2016: 3.6 million children in Iraq face risks of death, injury, sexual violence and recruitment, and a third of all Iraqi children need humanitarian aid, with conditions only getting worse following ongoing conflicts, Unicef says
2017: 5 July 2017: Years of living under Islamic State has left the children of Mosul with such dangerous levels of psychological damage they are unable to show emotion or play and are haunted by waking nightmares, according to 'Save the Children', based on discussions with children who had escaped to the Hammam al-Alil camp for displaced persons
Youth in Iraq: Youth in Iraq, Iraqis between 15–24 years old represent 19.6% of Iraq’s population of 32 million, the population continues to rise, but the youth population have experienced poor health from the effects of both malnutrition and poverty and securing employment is difficult for youth in Iraq
2014: 22 October 2014: Youth make up a major part of Iraq's population and almost 1 million of them aged 15-24 are registered as unemployed, Unesco says
Education in Iraq: Education in Iraq
Schools in Iraq: List of schools in Iraq
2017: 29 July 2017: Schoolgirls in Iraq’s Mosul aim to catch up on lost years after years of war, IS rule and despite difficult conditions
Universities in Iraq: Universities in Iraq
Violence against academics in post-invasion Iraq: Violence against academics in post-invasion Iraq since 2003
Health in Iraq: Health in Iraq
Water supply, quality and sanitation in Iraq: Water supply and sanitation in Iraq
2007 Iraq cholera outbreak: 2007 Iraq cholera outbreak
Healthcare in Iraq: Healthcare in Iraq - Childbirth in Iraq
List of hospitals in Iraq - Medical education in Iraq
Media of Iraq: Media of Iraq - Media coverage of the Iraq War - Newspapers in Iraq - TV in Iraq - 28 April 2013: Iraqi authorities announced that they had revoked the operating licenses of pan-Arab broadcaster Al-Jazeera and nine other satellite TV channels, alleging that they are promoting a sectarian agenda as the country grapples with a wave of violence - 24 October 2013: Iraqi journalist Bashar Abdulqader killed in Mosul
Internet in Iraq: Internet in Iraq
Crime in Iraq: Crime in Iraq - War crimes in Iraq - Religiously motivated violence in Iraq
Terrorism in Iraq: Terrorism in Iraq - Terrorist incidents in Iraq by year
Since 2004: Chlorine bombings in Iraq began as early as October 2004, when terrorists in Al Anbar province started using chlorine gas in conjunction with conventional vehicle-borne explosive devices
2013: 2 June 2013: A suspected al Qaeda cell captured that planned to produce chemical poisons such as mustard gas, government says
Terrorist incidents in Iraq in 2016: Terrorist incidents in Iraq in 2016
2017: Terrorist incidents in Iraq in 2017
'Islamic State' terrorists: Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant - Timeline of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant events in 2014 - 2014 ISIL beheading incidents
2014: 25 September 2014: ISIS kill lawyer Samira Salih al-Nuaimi for 'apostasy' when she criticised them on Facebook for being religious bigots - 4 October 2014: Isis video shows murder of British hostage Alan Henning, who had gone to Syria to help victims of conflict by joining an aid convoy and was taken captive on December 26
2015: 18 February 2015: Iraq accuses Islamic State of harvesting organs, demanding UN investigation into reports of bodies with surgical incisions found in mass graves - 8 March 2015: Nigeria's Boko Haram reportedly pledges allegiance to 'Islamic State' terrorists - 8 décembre 2015: Les transferts irresponsables d'armes effectués vers l'Irak depuis des décennies sont à l'origine du redoutable arsenal utilisé par le groupe Etat islamique, provenant d'au moins 25 pays dont une bonne partie de Russie, selon un ONG rapport - 8 décembre 2015: Le nombre de combattants djihadistes présents en Syrie et en Irak, originaires de 86 pays différents, a plus que doublé en un an et demi pour atteindre au moins 27'000, selon un Soufan Group rapport
2016: 18 avril 2016: Les revenus de l'EI ont chuté de 30% en 9 mois
May 2016: 17 May 2016 Baghdad bombings, killing at least 101 people and injuring 194
July 2016: On 3 July 2016, coordinated IS bomb attacks were carried out in Baghdad, resulting in mass civilian casualties
14 July 2016: 'Islamic State' terrorist group admits 'minister for war' Omar the Chechen is dead
2017: Terrorist incidents in Iraq in 2017 - 16 February 2017: 51 people killed in Islamic State's car bombing in Shi'ite area, a crowded street full of garages and used car dealers, of Baghdad
Persecution of Yazidis and Assyrians by the 'Islamic State': Persecution of Yazidis by Islamic State - Persecution of Assyrians by the Islamic State
2014: 22 October 2014: UN's Ivan Simonovic says evidence strongly indicates that the Islamic State's assault on Yazidis is 'an attempt to commit genocide' - 23 December 2014: Yazidi women and girls tortured, raped, sold into sexual slavery under 'Islamic State' control, report says
2016: 17 September 2016: Yazidi Nadia Murad Basee Taha, who survived rape and abuse as a sex slave of Islamic State terrorists, became a UN goodwill ambassador for the dignity of survivors of human trafficking, calling for justice for the victims of the terrorists and argued that the 2014 attack on the Yazidis should be recognised as a genocide
Destruction of cultural heritage by 'Islamic State' terrorists: Destruction of cultural heritage by Islamic State terrorists
June 2017: 22 June 2017: In another devastating blow to Iraq’s heritage, Islamic State terrorists blows up Mosul’s iconic leaning minaret and the adjacent mosque, that had stood for over 840 years, and where al-Baghdadi in 2014 declared himself 'caliph', as Iraqi PM said that the destruction of the Grand Nouri mosque is an admission by the militants that they are losing the fight for the country’s second-largest city
Capital punishment in Iraq: Capital punishment in Iraq - 7 October 2012: Bringing the number of executions this year to at least 113, Iraq executes 11 people despite international outcry - 27 March 2013: Iraq executed 18 people this month, despite global condemnation over its ongoing executions - 16 April: Iraq executes 21 in one day on 'terror' charges
Torture in Iraq: Torture in Iraq - 6 March 2013: Dozens of families in Fallujah say their relatives sentenced to hang on anti-terrorism charges have been tortured - 1 June 2013: Britain must investigate torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, UN says
Corruption in Iraq: Corruption in Iraq
2014: 6 September 2014: Corruption remains a salient feature of the political and economic landscape of Iraq and poses and threatens its full economic and social development, USA's office says - 12 October 2014: More than $1bn earmarked for the reconstruction of Iraq was stolen and spirited to a bunker in Lebanon as the USA and Iraqi governments ignored appeals to recover the money, investigator Stuart Bowen says
2016: 3 April 2016: Iraq to investigate claims Of Unaoil corruption against top officials including former oil minister Hussein al-Shahristani
2017: 31 décembre 2017: La corruption a l'ampleur d'un 'dinosaure' en Irak même si les autorités jurent vouloir les combattre, mais le phénomène a explosé après l'intervention américaine en 2003
Human trafficking in Iraq: Human trafficking in Iraq
Law and law enforcement in Iraq: Law of Iraq - the Republic of Iraq's legal system is in a period of transition following the 2003 invasion - Legal history of Iraq - Constitution of Iraq, the current constitution was drafted and approved in 2005 - October 2005 Iraqi constitutional referendum - Amendment to the Constitution of Iraq - the government of Iraq has established a committee to consider a proposed amendment - Federalism in Iraq
Judiciary of Iraq: Judiciary of Iraq - Supreme Court of Iraq
Law enforcement in Iraq: Law enforcement in Iraq
Iraqi Police - Facilities Protection Service - Iraqi Intelligence Service
Refugees of Iraq: Throughout the past 30 years, there have been a growing number of refugees of Iraq due to war or persecution - Homelessness in Iraq - Iraqi diaspora - Iraqis in Jordan - Iraqis in Lebanon - Iraqis in Syria - Iraqis in Turkey - Iraqi diaspora in Europe
2007: 27 October 2007: Homeless in Iraq, the country's growing insecurity is illustrated by the number of people fleeing their homes
2014: 2014 UNHCR's Iraq operations profile - 22 June 2014: Displaced by ISIS militants, hundreds of thousands of Iraqis seek shelter
Iraqi Kurdistan: Iraqi Kurdistan - Geography - Kurdish population - Demographics - Kurdish language - Kurdish culture
Iraqi–Kurdish conflict 1918-2003, disputed territories and regional government: Iraqi–Kurdish conflict 1918-2003 - 16 March 1988 Halabja poison gas attack, genocidal massacre against the Kurdish people
Disputed territories of Northern Iraq - Kurdistan Regional Government
Peshmerga: Peshmerga, the military forces of the autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan
Economy of Iraqi Kurdistan: Economy of Iraqi Kurdistan - main industries include petroleum, petroleum refining, natural gas, hydrocarbons, construction materials, light weapons and small arms and ammunition, electrical equipment, auto assembly, radio equipment, pharmaceuticals, textiles, clothing and footwear, food processing
Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline: Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline
2015 Financial and economic crisis in the Kurdistan region: 2015 Financial and economic crisis in the Kurdistan region
2015: 4 December 2015: Iraqi Kurdistan's cash crisis hits banks
Iraqi Kurdistan society, politics and human rights: Iraqi society - Human rights in Iraqi Kurdistan
Elections and politics in Iraqi Kurdistan: Iraqi Kurdistan legislative election 25 July 2009
Iraqi Kurdistan legislative election 21 September 2013 - 21 September 2013: Iraq's Kurds vote amid rows, regional tensions - 28 September: Iraq president's party falls to third in Kurdish polls, with 95 percent of votes counted the KDP was first with 719,004 votes, the opposition Goran movement second with 446,095, and the PUK third with 323,867
2012/2013: 28 July 2012: Kurd leader Massoud Barzani warns against budget cuts by Iraq - 10 January 2013: Syrian Kurds find refuge in northern Iraq - camp Domiz is home to about 30.000 Syrian Kurds who are allowed to move freely and work in the region - 14 mai: Les premiers rebelles du PKK arrivent en Irak après leur retrait de Turquie - 11 June 2013: More than 1,000 Kurdish career soldiers in the Iraqi army have deserted and want to be integrated into the Kurdish former rebel peshmerga militia - 26 June 2013: A Kurdish bloc won the most seats in one of two provinces that held delayed elections last week, surprisingly beating out the governor's Sunni Arab party - 28 July: A suicide car bomber rammed his vehicle into a Kurdish security patrol in northern city of Tuz Khormato killing eight people and wounding five more - 18 août 2013: Des milliers de Kurdes syriens affluent dans la région autonome du Kurdistan irakien en quête d'un peu de répit, loin des privations et des combats contre les jihadistes
2014/2015: 4 July 2014: With large parts of Iraq in militant hands, Iraqi Kurdistan's Barzani calls for independence referendum - 1 August 2015: Iraq's Kurdistan laments caught in middle of Turkey-PKK fight, calling for both sides to return to a ceasefire - 1 August 2015: Kurdish regional government, desiring to protect civilians from Turkish airstrikes, demands withdrawal of PKK
2016: 22 January 2016: The president of Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish north Massoud Barzani calls on global leaders to acknowledge that the Sykes-Picot pact that led to the boundaries of the modern Middle East has failed, and urges them to broker a new deal paving the way for a Kurdish state - 17 March 2016: A delegation of Iraqi Kurds will visit Moscow in April to discuss Russian regime's weapons supplies, according to Iraqi Kurd representation office in Russia
September 2017: September 2017 Iraqi Kurdistan independence referendum, scheduled to be held on 25 September 2017 - 19 September 2017: Curfew imposed by Iraqi authorities in the northern city of Kirkuk before Kurdish independence vote - 25 September 2017: Iraqi Kurds vote in historic independence referendum - 26 September 2018: Kurds overwhelmingly back independence as first votes in referendum tallied, as Erdogan regime in neighboring Turkey threatens military action - 26 September 2017: Kurds declare victory in independence vote, as Barzani calls on world powers 'to respect the will of millions of people'
October 2017 Battle of Kirkuk: October 2017 Battle of Kirkuk, Iraqi offensive to retake Kirkuk Governorate from the Kurdish Regional Government - 29 octobre 2017: Massoud Barzani a annoncé dimanche qu'il ne sera plus président 'après le 1er novembre', sur fond de crise avec Bagdad
Foreign relations of Iraq: Foreign relations of Iraq
Iraq/Arab League relations: Iraq/Arab League relations: 28 March 2012 - Arab League begins key Baghdad summit - water shortages and regional economy top the agenda at 21-nation bloc's first meeting since the Arab Spring uprisings
Iraq/OPEC relations: OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) membership - OPEC quotas and production of petroleum - World oil reserves - Key oil producing countries and petroleum politics
Iraq/Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) relations: Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
2014: 17 June 2014: Crises and situations in Iraq, Syria, in Central Africa, Libya, Myanmar, Nigeria and Mali on the agenda of the OIC Foreign Ministers Conference, 41st session in Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) 18/19 June 2014
Iraq/United Nations relations: United Nations Security Council and the Iraq War
2013: 10 February 2013: UN condemns attack on Iranian exile camp and demands investigation by Iraqi authorities into deadly attack on dissident base that left at least six dead - 27 avril 2013: L'ONU appelle à la 'retenue' en Irak après au moins 200 personnes sont mortes ces quatre derniers jours, principalement dans des heurts entre forces de l'ordre et manifestants sunnites hostiles au PM chiite al-Maliki
2014: 12 June 2014: UN official to Iraq briefs Security Council saying there is no immediate threat to Baghdad - 2 July: UN and USA sharply criticised Iraqi leaders, warning time is running out after chaos in parliament despite calls for unity in the face of Isis offensive - 15 August: Iraq PM al-Maliki's decision to step down welcomed by UN's Ban Ki-moon, who urges meeting on nuclear-free Mideast - 20 September 2014: UN urges global support for Iraq to fight terror, reaffirms support for its force in Golan - 24 September 2014: As USA-led coalition's campaign against 'Islamic State' continues in Iraq and Syria, a UN Security Council committee blacklists more than a dozen foreign extremist fighters, fundraisers and recruiters tied to militant groups in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Tunisia and Yemen - 18 October 2014: UN Security Council urges the international community to further strengthen support for the Iraqi government including Security Forces in the fight against Islamic State
2015: 18 February 2015: Accusing Islamic State of harvesting organs, Iraq demands UN investigation into reports of bodies with surgical incisions found in mass graves
February 2018 Kuwait International Conference for Reconstruction of Iraq: February 2018 Kuwait International Conference for Reconstruction of Iraq - 12 février 2018: L'Irak cherche à récolter 88 milliards de dollars pour se reconstruire, un chantier titanesque entamé lundi avec l'ouverture d'une conférence internationale à Koweït - 15 February 2018: Donor conference pledges $30bn to help Iraq rebuild after the ravages of Islamic State terrorists, about a third of what the country estimates it will need long term
Bilateral relations of Iraq: Bilateral relations of Iraq
Iraq/Canada relations: Iraq/Canada relations - 8 March 2015: Canadian soldiers wounded and killed after ignoring an order to stay in their car and showing up at the frontline unannounced, Kurdish peshmerga say
Iraq/PR of China relations: Iraq/PR of China relations - 11 March 2015: China says Muslim Uighurs have gone overseas to fight with Islamic State, which controls sections of Syria and Iraq, and returned to take part in plots at home
Iraq/Egypt relations: Iraq/Egypt relations relations - 31 August 2013: Qaeda in Iraq urges Egyptians to rise against army
Iraq/Iran relations: Iraq/Iran relations - Safavid conversion of Iran to Shia Islam - conversion in Iraq - Iraq/Iran war 1980-1988
2012: 22 août 2012: L’Iran s’appuierait sur l’Irak pour contourner les sanctions internationales
2013: 9 February 2013: Six people including a woman were killed and more than 25 wounded in a rocket attack on Iranian dissident camp in Iraq's capital Baghdad - 10 February: UN condemns attack on Iranian exile camp and demands investigation by Iraqi authorities into deadly attack on dissident base that left at least six dead - 15 June: Two people killed in a mortar attack on Iranian dissident camp in the Iraqi capital - 6 September 2013: US intercepts an order from an Iranian official instructing Shi'ite militants in Iraq to attack US interests in Iraq - 27 December: Rockets struck near Baghdad airport in what an exiled Iran opposition group said was an attack on their camp that left three dead and around 50 wounded
2014-present Iranian intervention in Iraq: Iranian intervention in Iraq (2014–present)
2014: 25 February: Iraq broke UN embargo on Iran by purchasing weapons worth $195 million - 25 June: Gunmen kill three Iranian security guards in an ambush near the Iraqi border - 6 July: Iranian pilot killed fighting against Sunni Muslim militants in Samarra north of Baghdad
2015: 22 September 2015: The eight-year Iraq-Iran war looms large in Iran with 8,000 Iranian soldiers still unaccounted for
2017: 23 July 2017: Iran and Iraq signed an agreement on Sunday to boost cooperation in a host of military fields, including training and logistical, technical and military support
Iraq/Israel relations: Iraq/Israel relations - History of the Jews in Iraq
2014: 21 June 2014: Israel accepts first delivery of disputed oil from Iraqi Kurdistan's pipeline
2017: 25 July 2017: Yazidi survivor of Islamic State captivity Nadia Murad urged the Knesset to recognize the terror organization’s crimes against Iraq’s Yazidi minority as a genocide, and lawmaker Ksenia Svetlova pledged to seek official Israeli recognition through Knesset legislation
Iraq/Japan relations: Iraq/Japan relations - Haruna Yukawa and Kenji Goto the first Japanese nationals to be held hostage by 'Islamic State' terrorists 2014-2015 - 21 January 2015: Japan's PM Abe rushes home from the Middle East to take charge of response after 'Islamic State' terrorists threatened to kill two nationals unless Japan pays ransom - 25 January: Reported execution of journalist Haruna Yukawa by 'Islamic State' condemned by Japan's PM Abe - 1 February 2015: Japan mourns slain hostage Kenji Goto as caring, courageous reporter remembering him for devotion to world’s refugee camps and orphanages
Iraq/Jordan relations: Iraq/Jordan relations - 22 June 2014: ISIS militants capture Iraqi border crossing with Syria, Jordan - 28 January 2015: Secret talks in Jordan try to secure release of 'Islamic State' hostages - 3 February: 'Islamic State' terrorists burn Jordanian pilot Moaz al-Kasasbeh alive - 4 February: Jordan executes two Iraqi militants in response to 'Islamic State' murder of pilot following Jordan's offer to swap Sajida al-Rishawi for the pilot
Iraq/Kuwait relations: Iraq/Kuwait relations - Rumaila oil field - Invasion of Kuwait 1990/91 - Kuwait–Iraq barrier
Iraq/Russia relations: Iraq/Russia relations - 9 October 2012: Iraq's Maliki in Russia for huge arms deal - 11 November: Iraq's defence minister denies reports that $4.2bn arms deal with Russia has been scrapped over corruption fears - 17 October: Iraq receiving arms from Russia under a historic $4.3-billion deal it signed last year but then scrapped amid corruption allegations - 29 June 2014: While USA has begun sending military advisers to Iraq once more and is flying armed drones over Baghdad, Iraq receives Russian jets - 15 April 2015: Israel's PM Netanyahu urges Russia's Putin in vain not to supply Iran with the S-300 missile system, warning it will boost regime’s aggression
Iraq/Saudi-Arabia relations: Iraq/Saudi Arabia relations - Saudi–Iraqi neutral zone since 1922 - Saudi support 1980-1982 for Iraq during the Iran–Iraq war - Battle of Khafji January 1991 - Operation Southern Watch 1992-2003 - Proposed Saudi–Iraq barrier since 2006 - 21 November 2013: Six mortar bombs at Saudi Arabia in an attack by an Iranian-backed Iraqi Shi'ite militia, saying it was warning the kingdom to stop meddling in Iraqi affairs - 3 July 2014: Saudi Arabia deploys 30,000 soldiers to Iraq border after Iraqi soldiers abandoned the area, but Iraq's government says the frontier is remaining under its full control
Iraq/Switzerland relations: Iraq/Switzerland relations - 10 October 2013: Iraq and a Swiss company signed a $6 billion deal for the construction and operation of an oil refinery
Iraq/Syria relations: Iraq/Syria relations - Euphrates river - 12 juillet: L'ambassadeur de Syrie à Bagdad rejoint les rangs de l'opposition - 20 July: Democratic forces seize control of Syria's border crossings with Iraq - 8 September: Mortar rounds or rockets fired from Syria killed a young Iraqi girl and wounded four people in a border town in western Iraq
2013/2014: 23 December 2013: Iraqi crude from Egypt was Assad's secret lifeline in the last nine months, documents reveal - 26 June 2014: Al-Maliki confirms and welcomes Assad airstrikes carried out against ISIS in Iraq
2016: 7 September 2016: Iraqi Shi'ite Militia Sends Over 1,000 Fighters to Aleppo to fight alongside Assad's army, Hezbollah, Iranian forces and other militias against insurgents battling to topple Syrian dictator Assad
Iraq/Turkey relations: Iraq/Turkey relations - Euphrates river
Since 1992 Turkish military operations in Northern Iraq: Since 1992 List of Turkish Armed Forces operations in Northern Iraq - Cross-border operations of Turkey into Iraq
2008 Turkish incursion into northern Iraq2008 Turkish incursion into northern Iraq
August 2011 Turkey-Iraq cross-border raids: August 2011 Turkey-Iraq cross-border raids
2012: 21 July 2012: Blast shuts down Iraq-Turkey oil pipeline - 10 October: Russia warms up to Iraq with arms deal - don’t drag NATO into Syria, Baghdad warns Ankara
2013/2014: 17 November 2013: Iraqi Kurdish president in Turkey to back PM's peace effort - 11 June 2014: Isis militants kidnap Turkish diplomats after seizing consulate in Mosul
2015: 29 July 2015: Turkey launches heaviest airstrikes on Kurdish militants in northern Iraq since campaign began last week - 29 July: Turkey steps up bombing of Kurdish targets in Iraq, after Nato members urged proportionate response to security threat, alleged by Turkey - 1 August 2015: Iraqi Kurdistan urges Turkey to halt PKK bombardment - 1 August: Iraq's Barzani condemns Turkish bombing he says killed civilians - 8 September 2015: Turkish troops cross into Iraq in pursuit of Kurdish PKK rebels - 19 September 2015: Turkish jets hit Kurdish militant camps in Iraq, killing at least 55 people - 5 December 2015: Iraq tells Turkey to 'immediately' withdraw forces, including tanks and artillery, it has deployed in the country’s north without Iraq’s consent
April 2017 Turkish airstrikes in Syria and Iraq: April 2017 Turkish airstrikes in Syria and Iraq targeting the People's Protection Units (YPG), the Women's Protection Units (YPJ) and the Sinjar Resistance Units (YBS), killing and injuring dozens of Kurds
January/February 2018: 4 February 2018: Iraqi FM condemns ongoing Turkish military operation in Afrin
Iraq/United Kingdom relations: Iraq/United Kingdom relations
1920: Iraqi revolt against the British 1920 - Alleged British use of gas in Mesopotamia 1920 - The 'Guardian' 2003: Our last occupation - Gas, chemicals, bombs: Britain has used them all before in Iraq 1920
1922-1988: RAF Iraq command 1922-1941 - AHQ Iraq command 1941-1955 - Britische Herrschaft und Königreich 1920-1958 - British support for Iraq during the Iran-Iraq war 1980-1988
British/USA-led Iraq War (2003-2011) and aftermath: Iraq War (2003-2011) - Category: Iraq War since 2003 - Bush and Blair determined to go to war regardless of the facts - memo of the meeting 31 January 2003 - Besetzung des Irak seit 2003 - "Iraq War Logs" (Tagebuch des Irakkriegs) - 104.924 recorded Iraqi deaths including 66.081 civilian deaths until 2009 - 20 October 2012: The families of two soldiers killed in Iraq have been told they can sue the Ministry of Defence for negligence - 21 December: Britain has paid out $22.7m to Iraqis who accused UK troops of illegally detaining and torturing them following the 2003 invasion - 29 January 2013: British troops in Iraq killed civilians including women, the elderly and children and committed 'terrifying acts of brutality', the High Court heard today - 17 March 2013: At least 112,000 civilians were killed in the 10 years since the US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq, according to the Britain-based Iraq Body Count group - 1 June 2013: Britain must investigate torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, UN says
2014: 27 February 2014: Iraq commemorates 1920 uprising against British occupation in new museum
13 September 2014: British aid worker David Cawthorne Haines captured by ISIL in 2013 and later executed by beheading on 13 September 2014 - 4 October: Islamic State beheads British man Alan Henning, who had gone to Syria to help victims of conflict by joining an aid convoy and was taken captive on December 26
Iraq/USA relations: Iraq/USA relations - Category: Iraq War 2003-2011 - 9 mars 2013: Une enquête révèle que la torture était pratiquée en Irak pendant l'occupation américaine et accuse les États-Unis d’avoir couvert des actes de torture - 31 octobre 2013: Le Premier ministre irakien Nouri al-Maliki, en visite aux Etats-Unis, réclame une "troisième guerre mondiale" contre le "virus" Al-Qaïda
United States/Bradley Manning trial since 3 June 2013: 2013 United States v. Bradley Manning - July 12, 2007 Baghdad airstrike - release of 39 minutes of classified cockpit gunsight footage in 2010
2014: 17 June 2014: Despite Obama's vow, USA to deploy 275 military personnel in Iraq - 29 June 2014: While USA has begun sending military advisers to Iraq once more and is flying armed drones over Baghdad, Iraq receives Russian jets - 27 September: USA-led coalition forces hit IS oil targets seeking to destroy the jihadists’ business as Britain, Belgium and Denmark promise warplanes to join the USA-led air armada battering IS targets in Iraq and as Turkey's Erdogan signals more active role in anti-IS fight, calling for no-fly zone over Syria
October 2014: 22 October 2014: After seven years four Blackwater employees were tried and convicted in USA federal court, one of murder and the other three of manslaughter of a group of unarmed civilians at a crowded Baghdad traffic junction in September 2007
2015: 12 April 2015: Iraq's prime minister to seek billions in military aid and modern USA arms with deferred payment, after Islamic State terrorists took equipment in 2014
Environment of Iraq: Environment of Iraq - Natural history of Iraq - Geology of Iraq - Geography of Iraq - Geography of Iraqi Kurdistan - Ecology of Iraqi Kurdistan
Climate of Iraq: The climate of Iraq, mainly a hot desert climate or a hot semi-arid climate to the northernmost part, averages high temperatures are generally above 40°C during summer months while averages low temperatures can drop to below 0°C during winter, most of the rainfall occurs from December through April and averages between 100 and 180 millimeters annually - Climate of Iraqi Kurdistan
Landforms of Iraq: Landforms of Iraq - Mountain ranges of Iraq - Mountains of Iraq - Deserts of Iraq - Arabian Desert - Syrian Desert
Mesopotamian Marshes, Central, Hawizeh and Hammar Marshes: Mesopotamian Marshes - Draining of the Mesopotamian Marshes - Central or Qurna Marshes, a large complex of wetlands in Iraq that were part of the Tigris-Euphrates river system, along with the Hawizeh and Hammar Marshes
Water in Iraq: Water in Iraq - List of rivers of Iraq - Dams in Iraq - Water supply and sanitation in Iraq
Tigris–Euphrates river system: Tigris–Euphrates river system - the Tigris and Euphrates with their tributaries form a major system in Western Asia, from sources in the Taurus mountains of eastern Turkey they flow by/through Syria through Iraq into the Persian Gulf - Euphrates river - Tigris, the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates - Shatt al-Arab of some 200 km in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq - Dams in the Tigris–Euphrates river system - Dams in the Euphrates River basin
Environmental issues in Iraq: Environmental concerns in Iraq include dust storms, sandstorms, floods - Environmental issues in Iraq include inadequate supplies of potable water, development of Tigris-Euphrates Rivers system contingent upon agreements with upstream riparian Turkey, air and water pollution, soil degradation (desalination) and erosion, desertification, government water control projects have drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of An Kshatriya by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers, a once sizable population of Shi'a Muslims, who have inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced, furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area's wildlife populations
Natural disasters in Iraq - heatwaves, droughts, flooding:
2012/2013 floods and loss of fresh water: 29 December 2012: Iraq sees worst flooding in years - residents blame corruption and political infighting for poor civic amenities as Baghdad is inundated with water - 12 February 2013: A large loss of fresh water reserves in the Tigris and Euphrates river basins since 2003 detected - 17 February 2013: NASA images reveal Middle East water woes - vanishing rivers and increase in well drilling cause drastic loss of region's freshwater resources - 20 novembre 2013: Des inondations ont fait onze morts en Irak dans les régions de Bagdad, Nassiriyah, Diwaniyah et Hilla
2015 heatwave: 4 August 2015: Middle East swelters in heatwave as temperatures top 50C - 2 November 2015: Iraq's government declared an emergency in areas overwhelmed by heavy rain that has caused widespread flooding and multiple deaths
2016 heatwave: 22 July 2016: Middle East locations Mitribah in Kuwait and Basra in Iraq hit 129 degrees, hottest ever in Eastern Hemisphere
2017 heatwave: 10 August 2017: While Europe does battle with a heatwave named Lucifer, the Middle East is enduring a summer so brutal that even those accustomed to Baghdad’s searing August are labelling it 'ungodly', reaching 48C or higher since weekes
Earthquakes in Iraq: Earthquakes in Iraq
November 2017 Kermanshah earthquake: 12 November 2017 Kermanshah earthquake on the Iran–Iraq border, just inside Iran in the Kermanshah Province - 13 November 2017: A powerful magnitude-7.3 earthquake has rocked the northern border region between Iran and Iraq, killing more than 328 people in Iran and seven in Iraq and injuring thousands more


Israel - Geography of Israel - History of Israel - Demographics of Israel
Economy of Israel: Economy of Israel - main industries are high-technology products (including aviation, communications, telecommunications equipment, computer hardware and software, computer-aided design and manufacturing, medical electronics, fiber optics), pharmaceuticals, potash and phosphates, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, petroleum refining, textiles - List of companies of Israel - Companies of Israel by industry
Manufacturing companies of Israel: Manufacturing companies of Israel
Energy in Israel: Energy in Israel - Power companies of Israel
Solar power in Israel: Use of solar energy began in Israel in the 1950s with the development of a solar water heater to address the energy shortages that plagued the new country, today Israel's objective is to produce 10% of the country's energy from renewable sources by 2020
Since 1987 Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center: Since 1987 Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center at Midreshet Ben-Gurion, the national alternative energy research institute of Israel to study promising alternative and clean energy technologies, particularly those involving solar power
Solar energy companies in Israel: Solar energy companies of Israel - Arava Power Company since 2006 - Enlight Renewable Energy since 2008 - GreenSun Energy since 2009
March 2015: 30 March 2015: Knesset unveils solar field on roof producing up to 1/3 of parliament’s power
June 2018: 26 June 2018: Israel has approved a plan to build a solar field in Israel to pump power into the Gaza Strip and ease the electricity crisis in the Palestinian enclave, according to a Yedioth Ahronoth daily report, saying the panels would be set up near the Erez crossing between Gaza and Israel as a unilateral measure, without the involvement of the Hamas terror group
Oil and gas companies of Israel: Oil and gas companies of Israel - 30 March 2013: Israel begins gas delivery from offshore Tamar field
Grand Technion Energy Program: Grand Technion Energy Program since 2007
High tech companies in Israel: High tech companies
Israel Aerospace Industries: Israel Aerospace Industries
Science and technology in Israel: Science and technology in Israel - Israel National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space in Haifa
2014: 31 January 2014: Israel plans to land an unmanned spacecraft on the moon as early as 2016
2017: 2 August 2017; Israel launches first environmental research satellite Venµs in a joint venture between ISA and its French counterpart CNES, to obtain high-resolution photographs of specific sites to track environmental issues such as desertification, erosion, pollution, natural disasters, and other phenomena linked to climate change
Defense industry of Israel: Defense industry of Israel - Elbit Systems Ltd. Israel-based international defense electronics company engaged in a wide range of programs throughout the world, founded 1996 - Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage and wholly owned by the government of Israel, founded 1953 - Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. develops and produces weapons, military, and defense technologies for the IDF and for export abroad, founded 1948 - Israel Military Industries Ltd. manufactures firearms, ammunition and military technology mainly for Israeli security forces, in Ramat HaSharon and founded 1933
2015: 24 May 2015: Weapons industry exports to Africa up 40% in 2014 compared to 2013, sales worldwide drop by nearly $1 billion, Asian and Pacific countries acquired Israeli military technology and arms worth $3 billion in 2014
Agriculture in Israel: Agriculture in Israel - crops grown in the country include wheat, sorghum, corn, vegetables include tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, zucchini, fruit include citrus, avocados, kiwifruit, guavas, mangoes, grapes, melons, bananas, dates, apples, pears, cherries, furthermore, grape vineyards are found across the country - Israeli wine industry - Kibbutz
2016: 24 April 2016: Nearly half of Israel's farmland threatened by over-processing and climate change
Irrigation in Israel: Irrigation in Israel
Agricultural research in Israel: Agricultural research in Israel
Israel Land Administration and Authority: Israel Land Administration, an Israeli government authority responsible for managing land in Israel which is in the public domain, it manages 93% of the land in the country - Israel Land Authority, created as a part of a reform in Israel to replace the Israel Land Administration - Jewish National Fund - Israeli land and property laws
Forests in Israel: Forests of contemporary Israel are mainly the result of a massive afforestation campaign by the Jewish National Fund
Fishing in Israel: Fishing in Israel
Water in Israel: Water in Israel - Bodies of water of Israel
Rivers of Israel: Rivers of Israel - The Kishon River flows into the Mediterranean Sea near the city of Haifa - The Yarkon River flows west through Gush Dan and Tel Aviv's Yarkon Park into the Mediterranean Sea
Jordan River, Sea of Galilee and Dead Sea: The Jordan River, a 251-kilometre long river is an important water resource for Israel and, to a much lesser extent, for Jordan, flowing to the Dead Sea - Sea of Galilee, a freshwater lake in Israel partly fed by underground springs although its main source is the Jordan River which flows through it from north to south - Water politics in the Jordan River basin - Jordan Valley - Jordan Rift Valley - Water politics in the Jordan River basin - Israeli–Palestinian Joint Water Committee
Water supply and sanitation in Israel: Water supply and sanitation in Israel - National Water Carrier of Israel - Israel's water economy and 'Water Authority', the government's executive branch in charge of Israel's water economy
1964-1967: 1964-1967 'Battle over Water' refers to a series of confrontations between Israel and its Arab neighbors over control of water sources in the Jordan River drainage basin, contributing to the June 1967 Six-Day War
2015: 29 August 2015: Israel and the Palestinian territories are projected to be among the countries most prone to acute water shortages and resultant conflict in the coming decades, according to a new report
July 2016: 19 July 2016: Desalination of water is helping reduce conflict in the Middle East - 29 July 2016: One of the driest countries on Earth proves the desalination era is here, as Israel now makes more freshwater than it needs
September 2016: 6 September 2016: Israel's water crisis isn’t over, as Dead Sea, Lake Kinneret and aquifer levels are all down and continued drought, over-pumping and the needs of a growing population are playing havoc with the country’s ecology
2017: 4 June 2017: Water flow into Sea of Galilee at lowest level in a century, as with ongoing drought more water has evaporated than entered the Kinneret, leading to rising salinity rates, says Water Authority
2018: 26 February 2018: The use of desalinated water has significantly improved the quality of effluent (treated wastewater), leading to a dramatic increase from 32% to 80% in the proportion of effluent that is suitable for all types of irrigation over the last decade, according to Israel’s Water Authority on water quality - 10 June 2018: Israeli government approved a $30 million emergency drought recovery program in an effort to rehabilitate seven streams in northern Israel, taking the unprecedented step of bringing desalinated water directly to the Sea of Galilee, which is dangerously low
Transport in Israel: Transport in Israel - Roads in Israel - Bus service - Rail transport in Israel
Ports and harbors in Israel: Ports and harbors in Israel - Port of Haifa - Port of Ashdod - Port of Eilat
Air transport in Israel: Air transport in Israel - Aviation in Israel - Israeli airports - Ben Gurion Airport
July 2014: Airlines stop flights after a Hamas rocket landed about a mile from Tel Aviv's Ben Gurion Airport 22 July 2014
Tourism in Israel: Tourism in Israel - National parks and nature reserves of Israel - World Heritage Sites in Israel - Jerusalem old city - Archaeology of Israel - Masada
July 2014: 22 July 2014: The fighting with Hamas in Gaza is badly slowing the flow of foreign tourists into Israel, but Israelis, it turns out, have decided to wait out the turmoil
July 2018: 10 July 2018: Some 2.1 million tourist entries were recorded between January and June, the most for any half-year period and the first time the 2 million threshold was passed, according to the Tourism Ministry
External trade of Israel: External trade of Israel
2012/2013: 6 March 2012: Asia - main markets India and China - overtakes USA as target market for Israeli exports, as EU remains primary market for Israeli goods - 2012/2013 Israel-USA trade facts - 28 March 2013: The Israeli and the Palestinian national committees of the ICC signed an agreement to establish a center for arbitration between Palestinian and Israeli businesses, as the commerce between Israel and the Palestinians is about $20 billion annually
Banking in Israel: Banking in Israel - Banks of Israel
Financial services in Israel: Financial services in Israel - Tel Aviv Stock Exchange
Binary options trading in Israel: Binary options trading in Israel - binary options comprises 63%, or $1.25 billion, of Israel's $2 billion securities and derivatives industry, which contributed 0.7% of the country's gross domestic product during 2016
2016: 23 March 2016: An industry turning over hundreds of millions of dollars, employing thousands of people, is cynically cheating naive would-be investors worldwide via a range of corrupt practices, doing terrible harm to its victims, the 'Times of Israel' reports
June 2017: 18 June 2017: The Israeli cabinet approved a bill to ban the entire binary options industry, a multi-billion dollar, widely fraudulent, Israel-based enterprise, whose activities have been exposed in a series of articles by the 'Times of Israel' since March 2016 - 24 September 2017: FBI arrests Israeli binary options CEO Elbaz as she disembarks in New York, charged with wire fraud
Economic history of Israel and economic cycles: Economic history of Israel
1949-1959 Austerity in Israel: 1949-1959 Austerity in Israel
1983 Israel bank stock crisis and 1985 Economic Stabilization Plan: 1983 Israel bank stock crisis - 1985 Israel Economic Stabilization Plan
Since the 1980s Kibbutz crisis: Since the 1980s Kibbutz crisis, that intensified after the Israeli economic stabilization program of 1985 during which the inflation stopped, and that was characterized by the accumulating of large debts from the kibbutzim and in low return, also accompanied by a social crisis and a demographic crisis
1990s - 2010 change of Kibbutz movement: The status of kibbutzim today - 7 January 2010: After 100 years, the Kibbutz movement has completely changed, as only a quarter of kibbutzim still function as equalized cooperatives, while the rest have begun paying salaries to their members
2014 Hamas rocket attacks, conflict in Gaza and economic impact: 9 July 2014: After June kidnapping and murder of Israeli teenagers and ongoing heavy Hamas rocket fire into Israel, business in Israel's south hurting, workers, shoppers stay home, factories cut back production, malls are empty and tourists cancel hotel reservations - 15 July 2014: Israeli retailing dropped in first week of Protective Edge, decline in number of Israeli Arabs shopping in Jewish-area malls - 15 July 2014: Government says fighting is costing Israel $32.1 million a day at present, but Finance Minister Lapid says Israel can cover costs of extended conflict in Gaza - 16 July 2014: Hamas rocket attacks finally slam into Israeli business as the impact now is being felt in all sectors, from tourism to farming
Labor in Israel: Labor in Israel - Israel Central Bureau of Statistics' monthly labour force survey
2012-2018 Israel Employment Rate: 2012-2018 Israel employment rate, measuring the number of people who have a job as a percentage of the working age population, averaged 60.50% from 2012 until 2018 and reached 61.60% in June 2018
2012-2017 distribution of employment in Israel by economic sector: 2012-2017 distribution of employment in Israel by economic sector, as in 2017 1.07% of the employees in Israel were active in the agricultural sector, 17.3% in industry and 81.63% in the service sector
Palestinian workers in Israel: Palestinian workers in Israel
2013: 17 September 2013: The Israeli government approved 5,000 additional work permits to Palestinians from the West Bank, raising the number of permanent work permits to 48,000, another 3,000 Palestinians have permission to work temporarily in Israel, 27,000 more Palestinians work in industrial zones in the West Bank and in settlements, and at least another 30,000 work in Israel illegally, and thus about 100,000 Palestinians rely on jobs in Israel for their livelihood
2018: 12 January 2018: The Israeli government is likely to approve 7,500 additional permits for Palestinians to work in Israel, as some 100,000-110,000 Palestinians currently work in Israel, including 30,000-40,000 laborers without permits, while 30,000 work in West Bank settlements, and as according to the World Bank, unemployment in the West Bank in 2016 stood at around 18%
Standard of living and poverty in Israel: Standard of living in Israel
2013: 8 December 2013: Israel poverty high despite strong economy, OECD says
2017: 6 December 2017: Some 1.8 million Israelis, including 842,300 children, were living in poverty in 2016, according to the National Insurance Institute
Pensions in Israel: Pensions in Israel, consisting of a state old age pension system, a private pension system which employees are legally required to participate in and that is supervised and regulated by the government, and a pension system for civil servants
Taxation in Israel: Taxation in Israel
Israel Defense Forces: Israel Defense Forces - History of the Israel Defense Forces - Structure and internal organization of the Israel Army - Military units and formations of Israel - Military Intelligence Directorate - Military equipment of Israel
2015: 13 February 2015: Even after four decades of a declining defense burden, Israel spends more on arms relative to the size of its economy and population than any of 11 major world economies - 21 November 2015: Israel has 115 nuclear warheads, USA research institute says
2018: 27 April 2018: 'Haaretz' looks at the IDF's responses to mounting tension on Israel's borders amid Iranian regime's growing military presence and influence in the Middle East
Israeli Air Force and defense missile systems: Israeli Air Force - Israel Air Forces equipment
Air defense missile systems - Iron Dome
2012: 26 November 2012: A new Israeli air shield against rockets more powerful than those intercepted by Iron Dome in the Gaza conflict passed its first field test
2018: 19 February 2018: Israel carried out a successful test of its long-range Arrow 3 missile defense system - 5 July 2018: Israel successfully tests missile defense systems, saying tests on Iron Dome, Magic Wand, and Arrow 3 designed to 'counter emerging threats in the region' - 6 July 2018: IDF reportedly boosts Iron Dome deployment in Gaza vicinity after security assessment in Southern Command
Conscription in Israel, reserve duty and women in the Israel Defense Forces: Conscription in Israel - Reserve duty - Women in the Israel Defense Forces
Israeli military personnel: Israeli military personnel
March 2017: 30 March 2017: The family of Yosef Avrahami, one of two IDF soldiers murdered in a lynching in Ramallah 17 years ago, said that it was not informed by either the military or the government that one of the culprits was released after reaching a plea deal in a retrial
April 2018: 13 April 2018: Since Israel's last Memorial Day, 71 more Israel Defense Forces soldiers have died serving their country, the number of those killed since 1860 defending Israel and the pre-state community is 23,645, according to the Defense Ministry
Members of the Israel Defense Forces who are missing in action: Members of the Israel Defense Forces who are missing in action
2006-2011: Gilad Shalit captured by Hamas militants in a cross-border raid via underground tunnels near the Israeli border on 25 June 2006, held captive for over five years, until his release on 18 October 2011 in exchange for 1,027 Palestinians as part of a prisoner exchange deal
Exemption from military service in Israel: Exemption from military service in Israel
2014: 2 March 2014: Ultra-Orthodox Haredim protest at law ending Israeli military exemption
Refusal to serve in the IDF: Refusal to serve in the IDF
Israeli security forces: Israeli security forces
Israeli Intelligence Community: Israeli Intelligence Community - Mossad - On 11 May 1960 Adolf Eichmann abducted, smuggled to Israel and tried
Foreign relations of Israel: Foreign relations of Israel
Treaties of Israel: Treaties of Israel
International recognition of Israel: International recognition of Israel
Jewish global population by country, following the Roman destruction of Judea in 66–136 CE and the Jewish diaspora: Jewish global population by country following the Roman destruction of Judea in 66–136 CE, resulting in the Jewish diaspora
2015: 28 June 2015: The world’s Jewish population has grown to be nearly as large (16.5 million) as it was on the eve of the second world war before the Holocaust, Jewish People Policy Institute says in its annual report
Since 19th century Aliyah and immigration to Israel: Immigration to Israel - Aliyah - the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the land of Israel - The 'One Million Plan' was an official policy formulated by David Ben-Gurion in 1943–44 to bring one million Jews from Europe, North Africa and the Middle East to Mandatory Palestine in order to establish a state in the territory - Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries - Palestinian migration to Israel - 1990s Post-Soviet aliyah
2014: 22 September 2014: Immigration to Israel figures hit five-year high up 28% from last year primarily due to an influx from France and Ukraine
Israel's membership in international organizations: Israel's membership in international organizations
Israel and the United Nations: Israel and the United Nations
Since 1948 Mixed Armistice Commissions and UN Truce Supervision Organization: Since 1948 Mixed Armistice Commissions, an organisation for monitoring the ceasefire along the lines set by the General Armistice Agreements, composed of United Nations Military Observers it was part of the UN Truce Supervision Organization peacekeeping force in the Middle East - Since 1948 United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
Permanent Representatives of Israel to the UN: Permanent Representatives of Israel to the United Nations
Israel, Palestine and the United Nations: Israel, Palestine and the UN
Since 1947 List of the UN resolutions concerning Israel and Palestine: Since 1947 List of the UN resolutions concerning Israel and Palestine - Since 1947 List of UN resolutions concerning Israel - Since 1947 List of UN resolutions concerning Palestine
2012: 26 March 2012: Israel ends contact with UN Human Rights Council after it decided to investigate Jewish settlements in the West Bank - 3 December: UN's Ban Ki-moon warns Israel of 'fatal blow' to peace - 20 December: UN Security Council members, except for the US, call for immediate halt to plans to build homes in occupied territories
2013: 29 January 2013: Remembering a decision last year to investigate Jewish settlements in the West Bank Israel boycotts UN rights council in unprecedented move - 31 January 2013: UN inquiry concludes all Israeli settlement activity in West Bank is unlawful and must cease 'immediately', and calls for sanctions against Israel over West Bank settlements - 26 February 2013: The United Nations has called for an independent inquiry into the death of Palestinian Arafat Jaradat in Israeli custody - 2 October: Iran now has a window of opportunity to prove its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes, UN's Ban Ki-moon reportedly told PM Benjamin Netanyahu during their meeting in New York - 29 October: Israel returns to UN rights forum after 1.5 year boycott
2014: 19 January 2014: Israel's PM Benjamin Netanyahu condemns UNESCO decision to postpone an exhibit tracing 3,500 years of ties between the Jewish people and Israel, following pressure from Arab countries - 28 February: Israel urges IAEA to issue full report on Iran nuclear research - 13 March: UN's Ban Ki-moon strongly deplores heavy rocket barrage on Israel from Gaza - 22 June: UN envoy Robert Serry denies claim he tried to funnel $20m to Hamas behind Israel's back - 17 July: 20 missiles found in UN-run school in Gaza, confirming Israel’s oft-repeated claim that Hamas and other Gazan terror groups use civilian infrastructure to hide weapons - 20 July 2014: 'United' Nations agency UNRWA handed 20 missiles found in Gaza school back to Hamas, not to International Criminal Court - 22 July: For the second time in less than a week, rockets have been found in a school in Gaza operated by the UNRWA - 23 July 2014: UN's Ban Ki-moon is 'alarmed' to hear that rockets placed in UN-run school in Gaza now 'have gone missing', demanding a full review - 24 July 2014: In Geneva the UN human rights council voted to launch an international inquiry to investigate violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in Gaza, with the USA opposing the move and 17 countries abstaining - 14 August: Having no faith in the planned UN investigation into the Gaza war, IDF conducting own inquiry into Gaza civilian deaths - 22 October: UN's Ban Ki-Moon debriefing Security Council will push forward on an investigation into the destruction in Gaza also of UN-buildings, including incidents when Hamas weapons were found in UN schools
2015: 21 February 2015: Israel asks UN to condemn Iran Holocaust cartoon contest, as upcoming Tehran competition to offer first place prize of $12,000 for best drawing on Shoah denial - 8 April: Some 100 representatives from Arab and Muslim states expected in Jerusalem next week for summit on banning nuclear testing sponsored by the UN and organized by CTBTO - 26 April: After 20 years, Israeli delegation will attend UN nuclear disarmament summit to encourage negotiations with 'moderate countries' - 6 June 2015: UN agencies in Israel and the Palestinian territories reported an alarming number of child victims in last year's war in the Gaza Strip but were split on whether Israel should be put on a list of violators of children's rights - 22 August 2015: Israel’s Ambassador to the UN Ron Prosor calls for the UN to condemn Syrian-Iranian Thursday’s rocket fire on Israel, and not simply make do with a general statement regarding both sides
2016: 21 December 2016: 'International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Those Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011' resolution, adopted by a recorded vote of 105 in favour and 15 against, with 52 abstentions, with Israel’s absence at the UN General Assembly on this resolution A/71/L.48 - 24 December 2016: Israel rejects 'shameful' UN resolution, demanding a halt to all Israeli settlement activity in the West Bank and East Jerusalem after Obama administration refused to veto - 28 December 2016: PM Netanyahu, who reportedly acceded to Russian request not to vote for war crimes investigative mechanism at the UN General Assembly, days before anti-settlements resolution passed at UN Security Council with Moscow’s help, loses confidence
2017: 30 March 2017: Israel cuts UN payment again by $2 million over 'anti-Israel’ bias following votes critical of Israel at the Geneva-based Human Rights Council, and condemns the 'obsessional discrimination against Israel on the part of the United Nations and its agencies' - 14 April 2017: Israel's PM and president send condolences to family of British Hannah Bladon after a Palestinian East Jerusalem resident, said to be a mentally ill, killed the exchange student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on tram in capital - 27 May 2017: The mother of USA yeshiva student Ezra Schwartz, who was shot to death in November 2015 by a Palestinian terrorist in the West Bank, told a UN forum that the perpetrator 'and his family should not be compensated for murdering innocent people (in) just another way to glorify and encourage terrorism', as Israel's UN envoy said that the Palestinian Authority paid out nearly $130 million to terrorists in prisons in Israel and another $175 million to the families of terrorists killed during their attacks, who are recognized as martyrs - 30 May 2017: Denial of Israel’s right to exist is anti-Semitism, UN's Guterres says, rejecting efforts to deny Jewish history in the Holy Land - 13 October 2017: Netanyahu orders diplomats to start preparing for Israel's departure from UNESCO, saying that 'UNESCO has become a theater of the absurd', after USA announced departure from UNESCO over anti-Israel bias
Since 2000 Israeli membership in the WEOG and UN council memberships: After years of discussions marked by opposition from key European nations reportedly led by Ireland, Spain and France, since 2000 Israeli membership in the Western European and Others Group WEOG, one of five unofficial Regional Groups in the UN that act as voting blocs and negotiation forums formed since 1961 to encourage voting to various UN bodies from regional groups - As of May 2014 192 of the 193 UN member states are divided into five regional groups including the African Group, with 54 member states, the Asia-Pacific Group, with 53 member states, the Eastern European Group, with 23 member states, the Latin American and Caribbean Group, with 33 member states and the Western European and Others Group WEOG, with 28 member states, plus 1 member state USA as an observer state - List of members of the UN Security Council and members of Regional Groups - List of members of the UN Economic and Social Council
Bilateral relations of Israel: Bilateral relations of Israel and relations by continent
Israel/Africa relations: Israel/Africa relations - African diaspora in Israel - Illegal immigration from Africa to Israel
2013-2015: 16 December 2013: African migrants flee new Holot detention center, as hundreds of demonstrators, prevented from boarding buses to Jerusalem, begin walk to capital to protest their detention - 19 December 2014: African migrants speak out about life in Israel's detention centres still open, after in September the supreme court ruled that Holot detention centre should close within 90 days - 25 July 2015: Several weeks after his release from Holot detention facility, Sudanese asylum seeker Mutasim Ali is still not sure why he was freed but his 1,700 peers remain incarcerated
2016: 6 March 2016: 'Innovation Africa', the Israeli organization led by Israeli women and employing Israeli technologies, has brought solar energy, improved irrigation and cleaner water to as many as 1 million people to better the lives of rural villagers in Malawi, Uganda, Tanzania, South Africa and elsewhere
2018: 2 April 2018: Hours after announcing it, Netanyahu suspends a deal with the UN refugee agency to send more than 16,000 African migrants and refugees to western countries including Canada, Italy and Germany, with the remaining 16,250 to remain in Israel - 4 April 2018: Israel releases asylum seekers jailed for refusing deportation to Rwanda - 15 May 2018: Twelve African countries (Angola, Cameroon, Congo Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia) among 32 countries joining in Israel's celebrations of USA embassy move to Jerusalem
Israel/Algeria relations: Israel/Algeria relations
Israel/Armenia relations: Israel/Armenia relations - 22 April 2015: Israel sends delegation to Armenian genocide ceremony over the weekend, marking the remembrance of the mass murder of Armenians by Turkish forces during World War I
Israel/Australia relations: Israel/Australia relations - 13 février 2013: Le suicide d'un Australien présenté comme un agent du Mossad qui était détenu dans le plus secret en Israël selon une télévision australienne confirmé par Israel sans révéler son identité ni les charges pesant contre lui
Israel/Austria relations: Israel/Austria relations
History of the Jews in Austria: History of the Jews in Austria
1938-1945: The Holocaust in Austria - Nazi concentration camps in Austria
2014: 24 July 2014: Israeli footballers assaulted by pro-Palestinians during match in Bischofshofen
Israel/Belgium relations: Israel/Belgium relations - May 2014 Jewish Museum of Belgium shooting - 25 May: An Israeli couple and two museum workers killed in the terror attack at the Jewish Museum in Brussels - 25 May: Israel's Netanyahu offers to aid Belgium probe of Jewish Museum attack
Israel/Brazil relations: Israel/Brazil relations
Israel/Bulgaria relations: Israel/Bulgaria relations - 18 juillet: Explosion mortelle d'un bus transportant des touristes israéliens vers l'aéroport bulgare de Bourgas - 21 July: Police struggle to identify Bulgaria bomber, who was 'not a Bulgarian citizen' - 5 February 2013: Bulgaria blames Hezbollah for bombing that killed five Israelis, in a move that may open way for EU to join in branding Iranian-backed Hezbollah a terrorist organization
Israel/Burma (Myanmar) relations: Israel/Burma (Myanmar) relations
2017: 6 September 2017: Human rights groups have found that more than 100 tanks, as well as boats and light weapons, have been sold to the Burmese government by Israeli arms companies, and that TAR Ideal Concepts has also trained Burmese special forces in northern Rakhine state, where much of the violence against the country's Rohingya Muslim minority is taking place - 26 September 2017: Israel's government refuses to stop arms sales to Myanmar (Burma), despite recent reports and United Nations data on massacres the country’s military has perpetrated against the Rohingya minority, as well as systematic rape, torture and expulsions
Israel/Canada relations: Israel/Canada relations
Israel/China relations: Israel/China relations
Israel/Egypt relations: Israel/Egypt relations
2011: 20 August 2011: Israel apologises to Egypt for killing troops after Cairo threatened to withdraw its ambassador and protests in the city - 10. September 2011: Demonstranten stürmen israelische Botschaft in Kairo - 24. Oktober 2011: Auch Israel und Ägypten vereinbaren Gefangenenaustausch
2012: 22 April 2012: Egypt terminates gas deal with Israel - 18 June: An Israeli civilian and at least one militant have been killed in an exchange of fire near the southern border with Egypt, officials said - 6 August: The Israeli army has found the bodies of five gunmen who attacked a checkpoint on the border with Egypt, killing 16 Egyptian policemen - 21 September 2012: One Israeli soldier and three armed men killed in clashes along the Israel-Egypt border
2013: 10 August: An Israeli drone strike killed five suspected Islamic militants and destroyed a rocket launcher in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula
2005-2014 Rocket attacks on Eilat and Aqaba: Rocket attacks on Eilat and Aqaba 2005-2014 - 17 April 2013: Islamist militants in Sinai claim responsibility for a rocket attack on the Israeli Red Sea resort of Eilat on Wednesday - 13 August: Iron Dome battery successfully intercepts rocket targeting Eilat - 31 January 2014: Iron Dome intercepts rocket over Eilat
2015: 19 March 2015: Israel to sell $1.2 billion of natural gas to private customers in Egypt - 30/31 August 2015: Egypt gas find could shake up Israel's energy plans
May 2016: 10 May 2016: Israel foiled an attempt to smuggle ammonium chloride into Gaza at the Nitzana Crossing, used for rocket fuel
Israel/European Union relations: Israel/European Union relations - 27 March 2012: Two EU ambassadors called to foreign ministry over their support for UN inquiry into impact of West Bank settlements - 3 December: UK, France and Sweden have summoned Israeli ambassadors over the plan to build 3.000 more homes on Palestinian land - 27 février 2013: L'Union européenne condamne la colonisation israélienne à Jérusalem-Est occupé et annexé - 16 July 2013: Israel condemns EU exclusion rules over settlements - 26 novembre: Accord UE-Israël sur la coopération scientifique - 13 February 2014: Knesset walkout during speech of EU Parliament chief Schulz and comments about Palestinians of this German SPD-politician, accused of selective hearing and 'false' claims - 9 March 2014: EU's Catherine Ashton, on visit in Tehran and meeting Rohani and Zarif, told by Israel's Netanyahu to ask Iran about its Gaza-bound arms boat - 7 August 2014: Israel ready to consider European proposal calling for international mechanism to demilitarize Gaza Strip, ease restrictions on movement, trade and fishing - 17 December: Israel expects the EU to put Hamas back on the terror blacklist immediately, PM Netanyahu says - 17 December 2014: After an EU court's decision, body led by EU foreign Policy chief Federica Mogherini releases statement saying that the EU upholds the 'Quartet principles' that bans engagement with Hamas until it forswears terrorism
Israel/France relations: Israel/France relations - 8 November 2011: Sarkozy called Israeli PM Netanyahu 'liar' - 21 March: The three children and teacher killed by a gunman in Toulouse have been buried in Jerusalem - 22 March: French gunman who shot dead 3 Jewish children in Toulouse killed in siege - 18 novembre 2012: Laurent Fabius en route pour Israël pour obtenir un 'cessez-le-feu' - 17 novembre 2013: French president Hollande visits Israel amid stalled Iran nuclear talks - 18 novembre 2013: François Hollande a appelé devant le Parlement israélien à un partage de Jérusalem et au maintien des sanctions contre l'Iran
2015: 8 January 2015: Demonstrators rally at French Consulate in Jerusalem in support of victims of the attack at Charlie Hebdo offices in Paris - 22 April: On Independence Day, Israel sees upsurge in emmigration from France and Ukraine - 24 December 2015: A record number of French Jews moved to Israel this year, an immigration official says, citing anti-Semitic violence and economic insecurity in the European country as causes - 3 June 2016: Paris summit was a ‘missed opportunity,’ Israel says
2016: 13 July 2016: Israel responds with anger to a reported meeting between French FM Ayrault and members of the Lebanese terror organization Hezbollah, suggesting the move was comparable to meeting with representatives of the Islamic State group
17 July 2018: Israel and EU signed agreement on fighting organized crime, cybercrime and terrorism, as Europol inks first-ever agreement with the police force of a non-EU member state
Israel/Germany relations: Israel/Germany relations
1952: CIA-Akten 2006: Aufenthaltsort Adolf Eichmanns dem BND und CIA bereits 1958 bekannt - BND-Akten: Aufenthaltsort Eichmanns sogar schon 1952 bekannt
1953-1963: 1953-1963 CDU-member and racist Nazi-jurist Hans Globke director of the Federal Chancellory of West Germany, 1933-1945 high-profile Nazi-jurist in NSDAP-Germany, drafting the law for the 'Protection of the German Blood' and serving as chief legal advisor in the Office for Jewish Affairs in the Ministry of Interior, the section headed by Adolf Eichmann that implemented the Holocaust bureaucratically, knowing 'that the Jews were being put to death en masse'
1961: April-December 1961 Adolf Eichmann's, one of the major organisers of the Holocaust, trial before the Jerusalem District Court after capture in Argentina in 1960
2012: 8 April 2012: Interior Minister Eli Yishai condemns Gunter Grass' 'poem' (claiming that Israel is a threat to world peace) and says that he is declared a persona non grata in Israel for wearing SS uniform in the past
2013/2014: 5 September 2013: At Munich massacre memorial ceremony Jewish leaders criticized the bungled rescue, the former IOC president Brundage, who announced 1972 the continuation of the Munich Olympics, and the lack of commemoration during the 2012 London Olympics - 14 June 2013: Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu, visiting the former Nazi death camp at Auschwitz, says the Jewish state would act - alone if necessary - to prevent a repetition of the Holocaust - 22 February 2014: Israel’s ambassador to Germany Yakov Hadas-Handelsman invites Jews in Europe who feel unsafe in the wake of recent anti-Semitic attacks to come to Israel at any time
2016: 2016 Bavarian republication of Hitler's 'Mein Kampf' in Germany - 9 January 2016: New Hitler's 'Mein Kampf' Bavarian publication in 2016 'a slap in the face to Holocaust survivors' - 15 January 2016: This Day in Jewish History 1919 - communist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg together with her co-founder murdered by Ebert regime's 'Freikorps' in Berlin - 20 November 2016: Yair Lapid calls for Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit to order a criminal investigation into a multi-billion shekel deal for Israel to purchase German submarines, which was pushed by PM Netanyahu and in which his personal lawyer Shimron is alleged to have an interest
2018: 1 March 2018: Lost music of Nazis’ prisoners to be heard at concert in Jerusalem in April, in first public performance of songs written in concentration camps and tracked down over decades
Israel/Greece relations: Israel/Greece relations relations - Maccabean Revolt 167–160 BCE against the Seleucid Empire by refusing to worship the Greek gods
Since 1999: Greek island affair since 1999
2014: 14 December 2014: UN security council condemns attack on Israeli embassy in Athens
2015/2016: Energy Triangle refers to the joint natural gas extraction between Cyprus, Israel and Greece to begin in 2015 - EuroAsia Interconnector is a proposed interconnector to link Greek, Cypriot and Israeli power grids via the world's longest submarine power cable expected 2016
Israel/Guatemala relations: Relaciones Israel/Guatemala
1948: Guatemala e Israel mantienen relaciones diplomáticas desde 1948
2017: 25 December 2017: Guatemala says it is moving embassy in Israel to Jerusalem
Israel/Guinea relations: Israel/Guinea relations
2017: 4 August 2017: Senegal and Guinea are sending their first-ever ambassadors to Israel next week, as Israel continues to expand its outreach to Africa
Israel/Hungary relations: Israel/Hungary relations
History of the Jews in Hungary and the Holocaust in Hungary: History of the Jews in Hungary since the Middle Ages - The Holocaust in Hungary following Anti-Jewish Laws since 1938
2012-2014: 17 July 2012: Hungarian president assures Netanyahu of his opposition to anti-Semitism - 5 mai 2013: Le Congrès juif mondial a entamé l'assemblée générale à Budapest en solidarité avec la communauté juive de Hongrie où les actes antisémites se sont multipliés depuis 2012 - 8 November 2013: Hungary Jews struggle with rising anti-Semitism, according to a recent EU Fundamental Rights Agency survey - 26 January 2014: Holocaust survivor and historian Randolph L. Braham returns award to Hungary in protest of country's attempt to 'rewrite history' - 27 January 2014: Hungarian President Ader addresses Holocaust after accusations Hungary 'whitewashed' past - 9 February: Hungary Jews call boycott of Holocaust memorial year accusing PM Orban's government of ignoring the sensitivities of survivors
2017: 2 July 2017: Two weeks before Israeli PM Netanyahu is due to join a diplomatic summit in Budapest, tension erupted between Israel and Hungary over a speech by Hungarian PM Orban in which he praised Horthy, the leader of Hungary during the Holocaust
Israel/India relations: Israel/India relations - 25 December: Dozens of members of the Bnei Menashe tribe in India said to be lost descendants of ancient Israelites have emigrated to Israel after the government lifted a visa ban
Israel/Iran relations: Israel/Iran relations - Antisemitism in Iran - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Israel
2006: 2006 Iranian 'International Holocaust Cartoon Competition' - Tehran Holocaust denial conference December 2006: 'International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust'
2011: NZZ 5. November 2011: Israels Präsident Peres weist auf die internationale Verpflichtung hin für Israel bedrohliche iranische Atombestrebungen zu stoppen - schwere Aufgabe für die IAEA, bevorstehender Bericht - 6 November: French FM Juppé says hardening sanctions preferation to the irreparable consequences of a military attack on Iran - 7 novembre: Moscou met en garde contre une intervention israélienne - 9 November: IAEA says Iran worked on nuclear weapons
2012: 14 February 2012: Israel blames Iran for embassy attacks in India and Georgia - 25 April: Iran undecided on nuclear bomb, Israel military chief Benny Gantz says - 19 July: Israelis killed in Bulgaria bus blast - PM Netanyahu called blast 'an Iranian terror attack' - 17 août: La 'tumeur cancéreuse' d'Israël va bientôt disparaître, dit Ahmadinejad à Téhéran à l'occasion de la Journée d'al-Qods - 28 September: Netanyahu says in UN speech, that a 'red line' should be drawn to prevent Iran from building a nuclear bomb - 8 octobre: Drone abattu en Israël le 6 octobre - Tel-Aviv voit la main du Hezbollah et de Téhéran - 11 October: Hezbollah admits launching drone over Israel
2013: 14 June 2013: Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu, visiting the former Nazi death camp at Auschwitz, says the Jewish state would act - alone if necessary - to prevent a repetition of the Holocaust - 2 August 2013: In Quds Day remarks broadcast on state TV and in one of his last public speeches Iran's outgoing President Ahmadinejad warns Israel will be 'uprooted' - 2 August: After Israeli criticism, Iran's media changed their version of Rohani remarks, that Israel had inflicted a 'wound' on the Muslim world and that the Israeli wound 'must be cleansed', now taking out the reference to 'cleansing' - 19 September: Rohani says Iran wants peace, but slams Israel as 'occupier that does injustice to the people of the region' - 25 septembre: Plusieurs membres du gouvernement israélien ont jugé mercredi que la condamnation par le président iranien Hassan Rohani des "crimes des nazis envers les juifs" n'était pas suffisante, réclamant qu'il désavoue les dirigeants de son pays ayant nié l'Holocauste - 2 October: PM Netanyahu at UN makes strongest-ever Israeli public threat to attack Iran’s nuclear facilities - 2 October: Iran now has a window of opportunity to prove its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes, UN's Ban Ki-moon reportedly told PM Benjamin Netanyahu during their meeting in New York - 24 November: Israel slams 'bad' deal between Iran, world powers
2014: 5 March: Israel seizes ship in the Red Sea with medium-range missiles heading from Iran to Gaza as USA military was prepared to get involved in the seizure - 9 March: Israeli troops in Eilat unload 40 short-range rockets from Gaza-bound ship - 10 March: Israel displays seized Iranian weapons shipment, inviting foreign journalists to exhibit and press conference - 5 May: Senior military aide of Khamenei boasts West's failure in Syria is Iran's victory, saying that Iran's frontline has now reached Israeli border - 25 July 2014: Keep arming Palestinians until Israel is destroyed, Iran's Khamenei says
2015: 19 January: Six Iranians killed in Israeli strike in Syria, including commanders and Revolutionary Guards general, as well as six members of Hezbollah - 8 February: Israel no foe of Iranian people, but regime must never get nukes, Israel's Isaac Herzog tells security conference in Munich
2016: 28 February 2016: Israel's PM Netanyahu said that Israel welcomes the cease-fire in Syria but stressed that the agreement must include halt to 'Iranian aggression against Israel from Syrian territory'
2017: 6 August 2017: Israel will allow entry to Iranian journalist Neda Amin, fleeing persecution in her home country, and who could face the death penalty in Iran after writing op-eds for an Israeli news site, according to Interior Minister Arye Dery
November 2017: 8 November 2017: Israel tells its envoys to back a diplomatic campaign against Iran and Hezbollah that includes backing Saudi Arabian claims that the two Shiite allies were behind a missile attack on Riyadh International Airport over the weekend - 17 November 2017: In an interview to Saudi Media Israel's General Gadi Eisenkot said moderate Arab states must collaborate to ‘deal with’ Iranian regime and to counter its threatening influence in the region
January/February 2018: 2 January 2018: 'We must prevent Iran from establishing itself in Syria', Israel's Chief of the General Staff Eizenkot says - 18 February 2018: Brandishing drone fragment in Munich, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu issued a stark warning to Iran, saying his nation was prepared to go to war if the Iranians continue to test Israeli red lines in Syria
April 2018: 18 April 2018: The Israeli military targeted an advanced Iranian air-defense system at the T4 base in Syria on 9 April 2018 and not just attack drone deployment, according to the Wall Street Journal - 22 April 2018: Satellite photos indicate precision of raid on Iranian military base in Syria reportedly limited to arsenal of Iranian weapons stored at T-4
May 2018: 30 April/1 May 2018: Iran 'brazenly lied’ about nuclear program, continued work after deal, Israeli PM Netanyahu says, adding that Israel's Mossad in 2016 obtained 100,000 documents from Tehran, proving 2015 pact with world powers based on 'Iranian deception', as Iranian regime dismisses Netanyahu’s nuclear exposé as 'childish' and 'ridiculous' while threatening it can enrich 'ridiculous' uranium to higher levels than before nuclear deal
10 May 2018: May 2018 Iran/Syria-Israel clashes - 10 May 2018: Some 20 rockets were fired at Israeli military bases by Iranian forces from southern Syria just after midnight, sparking the largest ever direct clash with Israeli jets targeting numerous Iranian-controlled sites across Syria, including the Shayrat air base targeted by the USA last year for its role in a chemical attack, the Tha’lah air base in southwest Syria, which has been tied to Hezbollah, and the Mezzeh military air field outside Damascus, also destroying five Assad regime's antiaircraft batteries
June 2018: 10 June 2018: Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu releases a video in which he offers Israel’s water expertise to an Iran he says faces an environmental disaster due to persistent drought, saying 'The Iranian regime shouts, ‘Death to Israel!', 'In response, Israel shouts, Life to the Iranian people!', as Iran’s meteorological organization says that nearly 96% of the country suffers from some levels of drought
Israel/Iraq relations: Israel/Iraq relations - Israeli–Kurdish relations - History of the Jews in Iraq
2014: 21 June 2014: Israel accepts first delivery of disputed oil from Iraqi Kurdistan's pipeline - 30 June: Netanyahu calls for Kurdish independence from Iraq
2017: 25 July 2017: Yazidi survivor of Islamic State captivity Nadia Murad urged the Knesset to recognize the terror organization’s crimes against Iraq’s Yazidi minority as a genocide, and lawmaker Ksenia Svetlova pledged to seek official Israeli recognition through Knesset legislation
Israel/Italy relations: Israel/Italy relations
Since 2008: Enlight Renewable Energy since 2008
2017: 25 October 2017: Israeli Minister urges Italy to crack down on racism after anti-Semitic soccer scandal of Lazio supporters
Israel/Jordan relations: Israel/Jordan relations - 1949 Armistice Agreements - Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace 1994
Jordan River - Water politics in the Jordan River basin
2013/2014: 10 December 2013: Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian officials agree to share and increase water resources in the arid region, including measures to save the Dead Sea - 11 March 2014: Israeli government expresses regret to Jordan after judge killed by Israeli fire at the Allenby crossing and agrees to let Jordan join investigation
July 2017: 24 July 2017: Israeli government says, Israeli Embassy guard is protected from arrest and investigation by Vienna Convention, as Jordan won’t let him leave the country after he shot dead a Jordanian man who attacked him with a screwdriver at Israel’s embassy compound in Amman - 25 July 2017: Jordan investigation concludes Jordanian teen attacked Amman security officer, who then shot his assailant, killing him and another Jordanian national by accident
2018: 19 mars 2018: Le 'canal de la paix', un projet conjoint de la Jordanie, d'Israël et de la Palestine vise à relier la mer Rouge à la mer Morte, menacée d'assèchement
Israel/Kenya relations: Israel/Kenya relations - 2002 Mombasa attacks - 22 septembre: Des forces spéciales israéliennes seraient entrées dans le centre commercial de Nairobi, assiégé par des islamistes shebab, afin de secourir et d'évacuer les otages et les blessés
Israel/North Korea relations: Israel/North Korea relations - Israel considers North Korea and its nuclear missile program as a major threat to global security, as Israel has been the subject of fiery threats from North Korean state media and North Korea has never recognized the state of Israel, recognising since 1988 the sovereignty of the State of Palestine over all of Israel, except for the Golan Heights, which it recognises as part of Syria
Weapons sales between North Korea and Iran and global military cooperation: Weapons sales between North Korea and Iran and military cooperation
2010: 12 May 2010: Israel says seized North Korean arms, including rockets and rocket-propelled grenades, were for Hamas, Hezbollah
2017: 20 March 2017: North Korean regime's military exports directly threaten Israel, latest arms convoy to Hezbollah struck by IDF in Syria contained North Korean missiles
Israel/Lebanon relations: Israel/Lebanon relations - Hasbani River
Israel–Lebanon border - Green Line (Israel and its neighbours since 1949)
2006: 2006 Israel–Hezbollah War - Russian and Iranian weapons for Lebanese Hezbollah, classified as a terrorist organization by the governments of the USA, Netherlands, France, Gulf Cooperation Council, UK, Australia, Canada, the European Union and Israel
2010: 2010 Israel–Lebanon border clash
2012: 18 August 2012: Hizbollah leader Nasrallah threatens punishing missile strikes deep inside Israel in case it attacks Iran
2013: 25 avril 2013: L'armée israélienne abat un drone et accuse le Hezbollah - 22 August 2013: Two rockets from Lebanon explode in northern Israel, Iron Dome intercepts third - 23 August: Israel strikes terror site near Na'ameh following the firing of at least three rockets into Israel on Thursday - 16 December: Israeli soldier killed by a Lebanese soldier who opened fire across the border into Israel, Israel complains to the UN force - 16 December: After Israeli killed on border Israeli army shoots two Lebanese soldiers - 29 December: Two missiles fired from southern Lebanon into Israel prompt Israel shelling
2014: 25 February: Israeli planes attack Hezbollah targets on Lebanon-Syria border - 27 February: Israel faces military dilemma as Hezbollah amasses weapons - 28 February: Israel warns Lebanon to curb Hezbollah threats - 5 March: Israel army opens fire at Hezbollah fighters on Israel-Syria border, trying to plant bomb - 14 July 2014: Rockets fired at Israel from southern Lebanon, drawing retaliatory artillery fire from Israeli forces, in the third such rocket attack from Lebanon since Friday
2015: 28 January 2015: At least 5 Kornet missiles fired in Hezbollah ambush of IDF soldiers on a road in the village of Ghajar killing two IDF soldiers and injuring seven, the IDF used artillery guns and tanks to fire at Hezbollah targets following the incident
2016: 7 December 2016: Israeli defense ministry acknowledges that Israel was responsible for recent attacks in Syria, saying that they were meant to prevent 'advanced weapons, military equipment and weapons of mass destruction' from reaching Hezbollah
2018: 9 January 2018: After reported airstrikes on targets in Syria, Israeli PM and Mossad chief warn against advanced Iranian munitions reaching Hezbollah terror groups
List of Lebanese rocket attacks on Israel: List of Lebanese rocket attacks on Israel
Israel/Lithuania relations: Israel/Lithuania relations - 14 March 2015: Israel opens its first embassy in Lithuania, pre-war home to 250,000 Jews
Israel/Mexico relations: Israel/Mexico relations
2017: 29 January 2017: Mexico chides Israel's PM Netanyahu for apparently endorsing USA president Trump’s plan to build a wall along its border with the USA - 29 January 2017: Facing Mexico’s fury, spokesperson says Netanyahu’s statement declaring USA southern barrier a 'great idea’ is not a comment on USA-Mexico relations, after Netanyahu also declared that USA's Trump was 'right' in pushing for a wall along the USA-Mexico border to block illegal immigration - 29 January 2017: Mexican Jews alarmed by Netanyahu tweet on Trump’s wall - 30 January 2017: Mexico calls on Netanyahu to apologize for tweet about USA border wall, after Israeli PM praised Trump’s executive order at weekend - 31 January 2017: Jewish community south of the USA border pans Israel's PM Netanyahu as Trump’s 'lackey', condemning his support for Trump’s border wall as disappointing and shameful
Israel/New Zealand relations: Israel/New Zealand relations
2016: 24 December 2016: Israeli ambassador to New Zealand recalled in protest at UN vote role, demanding a halt to all Israeli settlement activity in the West Bank and East Jerusalem
Israel/Pakistan relations: Israel/Pakistan relations
2016: 25 December 2016: Pakistan makes nuclear threat to Israel, in response to fake news featuring non-existent quote concerning Syria by ex-Israeli defense chief Ya’alon, who left ministry in May and was replaced by current minister Liberman
Israel/Paraguay relations: Israel/Paraguay relations
Since 16th century: History of the Jews in Paraguay since the arrival of migration flows mainly from Europe, the first waves of Jewish immigration to Paraguay began in 1904, amid rising anti-Semitism in Europe - History of the Jews in Latin America and the Caribbean
2016: 7 January 2016: Israel aiding Paraguayans displaced by worst flooding in 50 years - 29 June 2016: Israel delivers drip irrigation systems to help relieve drought in Paraguay
May 2018: 9 May 2018: Paraguay confirms relocation of its embassy to Jerusalem, following USA, as more Latin American countries support moving their embassies to Jerusalem including Guatemala and Honduras, and as European states including Germany said boycotting Foreign Ministry event celebrating new USA embassy next week
Israel/Philippines relations: Israel/Philippines relations
Since the 16th century history of the Jews in the Philippines: Since the 16th century history of the Jews in the Philippines
Filipinos in Israel: Filipinos in Israel constitute one of the largest groups of immigrant workers in Israel, as the country is home to a population of almost 300,000 foreign workers, of which 30,000 to 50,000 are Filipinos
Israel/Poland relations: Israel/Poland relations - History of the Jews in Poland - Poland was a centre of Jewish culture thanks to a long period of statutory religious tolerance and social autonomy ending with the Partitions of Poland which began in 1772
1939-1945 German war crimes and the Holocaust in occupied Poland during World War II: German war crimes in occupied Poland during World War II 1939-1945 - Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland - The Holocaust in occupied Poland 1939-1945 - Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust
October 1940 to May 1943 Warsaw Ghetto: 1940-1943 Warsaw Ghetto, the largest of all the Jewish ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe during World War II, the death toll among the Jewish inhabitants of the Ghetto, between starvation, disease, deportations to extermination camps, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and the subsequent razing of the ghetto, is estimated to be at least 300,000
1944–1946: Anti-Jewish violence in Poland, 1944–46 - Kielce Pogrom against the Jewish community July 1946
2017: 27 October 2017: Israel asks Poland to change bill denying compensation for most Holocaust survivors
2018: 1 February 2018: Israel condemns passing of Polish Holocaust law, as Yad Vashem criticizes the Polish Senate’s approval of a contentious Polish Holocaust bill that would outlaw blaming the Polish state or nation for crimes of the Holocaust committed in Poland and vowed to continue supporting research into the 'Polish population’s attitudes toward Jews during the Holocaust' - Efraim Zuroff, the director of the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s Israel office, welcomes Israel's opposition to the Polish complicity bill, but laments that other countries including Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Ukraine, Croatia and Hungary have been getting away with much worse for decades - 8 February 2018: Holocaust survivors entered the Polish embassy compound in Tel Aviv protesting the Polish complicity bill
Israel/Qatar relations: Israel/Qatar relations
2014: 23 July 2014: Israel singles out Qatar as key Hamas terror sponsor
2017: 7 August 2017: Israeli government moves to impose ban on the Qatari state-funded al-Jazeera news network, as broadcaster slams move, saying that minister Kara undermines Israeli claims to be the Middle East's sole democracy, and that it will take legal action
Israel/Russia relations: Israel/Russia relations - History of the Jews in Russia - Russian Empire at one time hosted the largest population of Jews in the world - Antisemitism in the Russian Empire - Jewish agricultural colonies in the Russian Empire - The Holocaust in Russia - Antisemitism in Russia
Since 1985: Russian and Iranian weapons for Lebanese Hezbollah, classified as a terrorist organization by the governments of the USA, Netherlands, France, Gulf Cooperation Council, UK, Australia, Canada, the European Union and Israel - 10. Juni 2012: Israel: 'Russland im schlimmsten Fall Mittäter in Syrien' - 29 May 2013: Israel warns Russia of action if it delivers missiles to Syria - 1 November: Israel reportedly destroyed Hezbollah-bound missile shipment in Syria, targeting Russian-made SA-125 missiles
2014/2015: 14 April 2014: After Russian regime's annexation of Crimea Israeli government finds itself seemingly in a dilemma - 20 April 2015: Israeli PM Netanyahu refuses to attend Victory Day parade in Moscow and plans to attend an Israeli ceremony on 7 May - 10 September 2015: Israel adds voice to concerns over Russian regime's reported military buildup in Syria's areas controlled by Assad - 22 September 2015: Israel's Defense Minister Ya'alon says Jewish state will not allow advanced Russian weapons to end up in the hands of Hezbollah
2016: 11 January 2016: Hezbollah terrorists reportedly receive long-range missiles, laser-guided rockets and other sophisticated weaponry directly from Russia in Syria, and are free to use that weaponry against Israel, following recent Netanyahu visit of servility to Moscow, including the shaking of bloody hands, amid fears in Israel that the Russian military aggression against Syrian people will threaten its defence and fears that Russian-supplied weapons will end up in the hands of Hezbollah - 7 June 2016: Israel's Netanyahu says Iranian regime cannot be allowed to use Hezbollah as a proxy to attack Jewish state, ahead of Putin meeting - 9 October 2016: Russian missile deployment in Syria facilitates Hezbollah's smuggling of advanced weapons, following Netanyahu's visit in June encouraging the Putin regime to commit more war crimes in Syria and Ukraine
2017: 23 June 2017: To stop Russia and other hackers, we need to overhaul the internet, Israeli cyber expert Prof. Isaac Ben-Israel says, calling for a radical overhaul of the internet in order to counter cyber warfare
May 2018: 28 May 2018: After Russian oligarch Abramovich was unable to extend his visa in the UK amid a diplomatic spat between the British government and Russia's Putin regime following the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter in Salisbury, Netanyahu government gives him an Israeli identity card to become a citizen of Israel where he is exempt from taxes on income earned abroad for 10 years, and need not declare the sources of that income for the same period - 28 May 2018: Israel, Russia said to reach secret deal on pushing Iran away from Syria border
11/12 July 2018: 12 July 2018: Putin meets Iranian Ali Khamenei's aide in Moscow day after meeting Netanyahu, saying that Netanyahu came to Moscow on 'private visit' to watch soccer
Israel/Saudi Arabia relations: Israel/Saudi Arabia relations
2013: 2 September 2013: As Barack Obama blinks on Syria after Assad's war crimes, Israel and Saudis make common cause
2015: 5 June 2015: Israel and Saudi Arabia have held five secret meetings since the beginning of 2014 to discuss the common threat Iran posses to the region
Israel/South Africa relations: Israel/South Africa relations
2014: 4 August 2014: More than 12,000 people gathered in South Africa's Johannesburg on Sunday for a solidarity rally for Israel, as thousands of Christians from all across the country joined Jews to call for peace and security for Israel
Israel/South Sudan relations: Israel/South Sudan relations - 18 June 2012: Israel deports South Sudanese migrants
Israel/Spain relations: Israel/Spain relations
2015: 20 July 2015: Consortium of Israeli and Spanish companies to build 121-megawatt facility in Negev desert
2017: 31 October 2017: Breaking with USA and EU, Israel will neither support nor oppose Catalonian independence remaining wary of standing with Spain, which it sees as major funder of anti-Israel activities
Israel/Sudan relations: Israel/Sudan relations
History of the Jews in Sudan
2016: 20 January 2016: After Sudan's dictator Omar al-Bashir vowed that his country would never normalize relations with the 'Zionist enemy', Sudan this week openly discussed the possibility of normalizing ties with Israel
2018: 26 March 2018: Israel is reportedly willing to grant refugee status to hundreds of Sudanese migrants over the age of 40 who fled genocide in the Nuba region, in the first possible recognition of an ethnic cleansing similar to that in the country’s Darfur area
Israel/Switzerland relations: Israel/Switzerland relations
1939-1945, 1999: UBS activities in World War II - 7.12.1999: Schlussbericht des Volcker-Komitees über Schweizer Banken - u.a. 417 identifizierte Konten von Verfolgten, die von den Banken während des Zweiten Weltkriegs auf Anweisung der Nationalsozialisten aufgelöst und deren Guthaben den Nationalsozialisten ausgehändigt worden waren
2001/2002: 2001/2002 Reports of the Independent Commission of Experts Switzerland – Second World War
2013: 27 janvier 2013: La Suisse, les réfugiés et la Shoah - documentation photographique du 14 mai 1942 sur les atrocités commises sur le front de l'Est
2015 FIFA Fédération Internationale de Football Association à Zurich: 29 May 2015: Israel's PM hails diplomatic victory as FIFA thwarts Palestinian suspension bid
Israel/Syria relations: Israel/Syria relations
June 1967: June 1967 'Six-Day War' between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, known at the time as the United Arab Republic, Jordan, and Syria
Since 1967: Purple Line - ceasefire line between Israel and Syria after the 1967 Six Day War
2012: 10. Juni 2012: Israel: 'Russland im schlimmsten Fall Mittäter in Syrien' - 11 November 2012: In response to mortar fire of Assad's army in the Golan Heights area Israeli troops fired warning shots - 18 novembre 2012: Israël fait feu vers la Syrie après des tirs sur un véhicule militaire
Since 2012: Since 2012 Israeli–Syrian ceasefire line incidents during Assad's war against the Syrian people
2013: 30/31 January 2013: Israel conducted an airstrike inside Syria near the border with Lebanon, hitting a convoy of trucks with weapons bound for Hezbollah in Lebanon while Assad's army (and television) says an Israeli airstrike targeted a military research centre in Jamraya, causing large-scale material damage and killing two people - 4 February: Israel's Defence Minister Ehud Barak strongly implied that his country was behind an air strike on Syria last week - 24 March: Israel's army fires anti-tank missile at Syrian army post after coming under fire for second time in 12 hours and vows an 'immediate' answer to 'every violation of Israeli sovereignty and shooting from the Syrian side' - 29 April: Israeli official says intelligence services worldwide have evidence of Assad's chemical weapons use - 'these are not intelligence estimates' - 4 May: US reports quoting unnamed officials say, that Israeli warplanes have launched an air strike in Syria, likely targeting a weapons site - 5 May: Israeli missiles struck a research center near the Syrian capital Damascus - 21 mai: L'armée sraélienne réplique après avoir été la cible de tirs depuis la Syrie - 6 June: Israel reacts angrily to Austria's withdrawal from Golan Heights due to clashes in Syria - 14 July: Israel reportedly targeted advanced anti-ship cruise missiles near Latakia in an air attack on July 5 - 18 août: Israël réplique après des tirs d'obus syriens - 21 August: Israel says Syria regime used chemical weapons - 22 August: Israeli intelligence backs reports of latest chemical weapons attack in Syria as intelligence minister criticizes international community over inaction - 25 August: PM Benjamin Netanyahu said Sunday that the world must not tolerate the use of chemical weapons in Syria, adding that Israel was 'poised and ready' and would always know how to defend itself - 28 August: Israeli intelligence 'intercepted Syrian regime talk about chemical attack', information passed to US by Israeli Defence Forces's 8200 unit, former official says - 1 November: Israel reportedly destroyed Hezbollah-bound missile shipment in Syria, targeting Russian-made SA-125 missiles
2014: 27 January: Israel Air Force bombed a Syrian base in the Latakia airport, Lebanese media reports - 11 February 2014: District Court Judge jails Israeli Arab for 18 months for trying to join fight against Assad - 5 March: Israel army opens fire at Hezbollah fighters on Israel-Syria border, trying to plant bomb - 16 March: Syrian opposition willing to trade Golan claims for Israeli military support, wanting Israel to enforce a no-fly zone - 19 March: Israel strikes Assad's army targets that 'enabled and aided' Tuesday's attack on IDF troops which left four Israeli soldiers wounded - 28 March: Israeli army shoots two people near Syria border trying to damage border infrastructure - 27/28 May: Syria's oldest synagogue in the Jobar neighborhood of Damascus destroyed by Assad forces in the months-long bombardment of Jobar - 23 June: In response to a cross-border missile shooting which killed an Israeli boy and wounded his father and two other civilians, Israel Air Force struck nine targets belonging to the Syrian military, among them command centers - 7 July: Israel fires into Syria after mortar shell hits Golan - 13 July: Mortar fired from Syria hits Israeli side of the Golan Heights - 23 September: IDF shoots down Syrian fighter plane over Golan after infiltrating Israeli airspace - 8 December 2014: Hezbollah drones, anti-aircraft missiles destroyed in alleged IAF attack, says Syrian opposition
2015: 18 January: An Israeli strike on targets in the Syrian Golan Heights reportedly killed 10 people, including eight Hezbollah members - 27 January: IDF retaliates after two suspected Hezbollah rockets fired from Syria explode on Golan Heights, sending locals and some 1,000 visitors to the Mount Hermon ski site fleeing for cover - 28 January: Following Golan rocket attacks Israel Air Force struck Assad's army artillery targets - 25 April: Israeli Air Force jets reportedly target Syrian bases of strategic missile brigades 155 and 65 in Kalamoon and Hezbollah targets in Syrian-Lebanese border region - 26 April: Israeli airstrike kills a group of four militants placing mine inside Israel at Syria frontier - 12 June 2015: Israeli official said to meet with secular Syrian opposition, contacts reportedly focused on common foes, including Iran, Hezbollah - 22/23 June: Syrian war casualty killed as Israeli Druze attack IDF ambulance - 24 June: Druze community condemn Golan Heights ambulance attack - 29 June: Israel acknowledges it is helping Syrian rebel fighters, thus keeping the Druze in Syria out of immediate danger - 30 July: Israel strikes targets near Israel-Syria border, reportedly killing two Hezbollah operatives and three Syrian regime militiamen of the National Defense Forces in the Golan Heights - 5 September 2015: As hundreds of thousands seek sanctuary, Israel has a duty to take in Syrian refugees from the war and push for the establishment of an urgent international conference on the issue, opposition leader Isaac Herzog says - 6 September: Israel should take in thousands of refugees, deputy minister Ayoub Kara says - 22 September: Israeli company SodaStream offers to take in Syrian refugees and employ them in its new factory in the Negev Desert - 31 October: IAF reportedly targets Hezbollah assets in Syria - 24 November: Israel strikes Hezbollah positions in Syria, killing 13 - 4 December 2015: Israeli jets carry out strikes north of Damascus, targeting a four-truck Syrian army convoy loaded with ballistic missiles
2016: 5 May 2016: When Germany's Adolf Hitler first sent Jews to die, Europeans and Americans agreed that it was not their problem, but also Israel today may be about to make the same and repeated mistake about Assad's killings in Syria, Shlomo Bolts says - 14 October 2016: Syria is suffering 'a small holocaust’ as 'every day not far from here, as we sit here, men, women and children are murdered in Syria, and particularly in Aleppo', Israeli chief rabbi Yitzhak Yosef says, demanding that Jews must not be silent in the face of genocide across northern border - 22 November 2016: Israeli activists launch awareness campaign to express their solidarity with the civilians in the face of a military escalation being carried out by Russia, Assad and his allied militias, calling for communal prayers on Jewish holiday for the 'hundreds of Syrians who are dying daily in Syria, men, women and children, while the world is silent' - 30 November 2016: Israeli warplanes were said to have struck a military compound in the Syrian capital of Damascus, while a raid reportedly targeted a weapons convoy led by Hezbollah, as Hezbollah has thousands of fighters in Syria, providing military support to Assad regime and Iranian forces and after Israel already had carried out strikes against Hezbollah to prevent the terror group from obtaining advanced weapons - 7 December 2016: The Israeli military reportedly fired missiles from Golan Heights at the important Syrian regime Mazzeh airbase outside Damascus, hosting the headquarters of the feared air force intelligence service and its notorious prison, as terrorist group Hezbollah sites and guided missile sites belonging to Hezbollah near the Syrian capital were also targeted overnight by airstrikes that killed and injured a number of fighters in the Shiite militia - 7 December 2016: Israeli defense ministry acknowledges that Israel was responsible for recent attacks in Syria, saying that they were meant to prevent 'advanced weapons, military equipment and weapons of mass destruction' from reaching Hezbollah - 11 December 2016: The Israeli airstrike on an Assad regime airbase outside Damascus last week targeted a convoy of chemical weapons en route to the Shiite terror group Hezbollah, a Syrian opposition spokesman Fahed al-Masri says, adding that jihadist and Iranian militants will continue to advance on northern border as long Assad remains in power - 18 December 2016: Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial's Chairman Avner Shalev expresses 'deep concern over the appalling images of massacres' in Syria, saying that the world must put an end to the killing - 28 December 2016: Israel’s absence at the UN General Assembly on resolution A/71/L.48 to collect, consolidate, preserve and analyse evidence of violations of international humanitarian law and human rights violations and abuses in Syria since 2011, reportedly the result of 'a cynical deal' between Jerusalem and Moscow
January/February 2017: 2017 Israeli–Syrian ceasefire line incidents during Assad's war against the Syrian people since 2011
13 January 2017: Missiles reportedly hit weapons depot at Mazzeh airbase, also killing high-ranking Assad regime officials, and blamed on Israel by the regime threatening 'repercussions' after 'flagrant' attack - 18 January 2017: Israel’s help is vital, says representative of Free Syrian Army Issam Zeitoun in rare meeting with Israelis, as Zionist Union MK Ksenia Svetlova insists Assad must go, adding that 'in 2017 we will see the increasing influence of Hezbollah ... we will have to make hard choices in regard to action or inaction in Syria' - 22 February 2017: Israeli aircraft reportedly targeted Syrian Army positions near Lebanese border, including a convoy bearing weapons for the Hezbollah terrorist group
March/April 2017: 17 March 2017: IAF 'Arrow’ battery intercepts Syrian missile after Assad regime fired three anti-aircraft missiles at Israeli jets - 18 March 2017: Israel's PM says that Syria raids targeted ‘advanced’ Hezbollah arms, and that Israel will continue to operate against weapons transfers from Assad regime to Shiite terror group - 19 March 2017: After Israeli officials have warned of the possibility Hezbollah and Iran could attempt to set up a base to attack Israel near the border with the Israeli Golan Heights, and hours after Israel's defense minister threatened to destroy Assad's air defense systems targeting Israeli aircraft, an Israeli aircraft reportedly struck a truck driving near the town of Khan Arnabeh in the Quneitra province on the road to Damascus, killing a pro-Assad fighter - 20 March 2017: Israeli jets reportedly took out a number of targets near the Lebanon-Syria border including a Hezbollah weapons convoy and Syrian military sites - 22 March 2017: Israeli jets were reported to have carried out airstrikes in the Mount Qasioun region near Damascus early Wednesday, hours after PM Netanyahu vowed to continue hitting weapons convoys and rebuffed claims Russia had ordered the strikes halted - 4 April 2017: Holocaust horrors compel Israel to aid gassed Syrians, says Israeli president Rivlin, urging international community to act immediately to bring an end to ‘murderous madness' as finance minister Moshe Kahlon says Israel has resources to help - 23 April 2017: After three mortars fired from Syria landing in the Golan Heights on Friday, an Israeli attack on a Syrian camp for pro-Assad regime forces reportedly killed three fighters near the Golan Heights on Sunday - 27 April 2017: Intelligence Minister Yisrael Katz appears to confirm reports that Israel was behind an overnight airstrike near the Damascus airport, saying that 'the incident is completely compatible with our policy of preventing weapons transfer to Hezbollah', the Lebanon-based terror group supported by the Syrian regime and Iran - 28 April 2017: Four cargo planes originating from Iran landed at airport outside Damascus just hours before Syria accused Israel of attacking a military compound nearby
May 2017: 16 May 2017: Israeli minister Yoav Galant says revelation the Syrian president is executing prisoners and burning their bodies ‘crosses a red line’, adding that 'anyone who murders people and burns their corpses does not have a place in this world'
June 2017: 24 June 2017: After around 10 mortar shells hit the Israeli Golan Heights and 2 Assad regime soldiers reportedly killed in IDF retaliation, defense minister and PM say Israel won’t accept challenges to its security - 28/29 June 2017: Israeli warplanes hit Assad's army in the countryside of Quneitra, targeting a regime position on Wednesday night after stray mortar fire struck the Golan Heights - 30 June 2017: Israeli plane hits firing Assad regime's army post after shell lands in Golan in 16th spillover incident this week
Since July 2017: Since July 2017 Israel's opposition to Assad's war against the Syrian people and to Iranian presence in Syria - Since 2012 Israeli–Syrian ceasefire line incidents during Assad's war against the Syrian people
August/September 2017: 24 August 2017: Taking Israeli aid, Syrian rebel and militia commander says Jewish state’s assistance is life-saving and crisis on Golan overrides old hatreds - 7 September 2017: Israeli jets have reportedly bombed a Syrian regime's facility in the north-west of the country believed to be associated with Bashar al-Assad’s chemical weapons programme - 10 September 2017: Israeli satellite images show impact, geo-strategic sensitivity of airstrike attributed to Israel on an Assad regime site where chemical weapons, missiles were believed to have been produced - 14 September 2017: Israel will 'act to enforce' Syria red lines, the transfer of major weapons to Hezbollah and the establishment of a permanent Iranian beachhead in the country, its USA ambassador Ron Dermer says - 19 September 2017: Israel has shot down an Iranian-supplied Hezbollah reconnaissance drone over the Syrian border - 22 September 2017: Israeli warplanes early on Friday morning reportedly struck a Hezbollah weapons convoy outside Damascus
October 2017: 8 October 2017: Israel reportedly considered bombing crematoria created by the Syrian regime to burn and conceal the bodies of murdered political prisoners, but decided against it so as not to irritate the USA or the Russian Putin regime and avoid escalation on the northern border - 16 October 2017: In response to Assad regime's fire at Israeli planes on a routine reconnaissance, Israeli army attacked an anti-aircraft battery in Syria near Damascus on Monday - 21 October 2017: Israel has struck three Syrian artillery cannons on Saturday after five rockets landed in Israel in spillover from the Syrian civil war, saying the amount of rocker fire necessitated a sharp Israeli response
November 2017: 1 November 2017: Israeli jets destroyed a weapons facility near Homs in western Syria on Wednesday night, according to Lebanese media, as Assad regime reportedly tried to responds with anti-aircraft missiles - 11 November 2017: Israel's Patriot missile system downs drone reportedly belonging to the Assad regime on an intelligence gathering mission and entering the demilitarized zone - 18 November 2017: After identifying Assad regime construction in a military outpost in the demilitarized zone, the Israeli army fired a shell as a warning shot at regime's forces across the border - 19 November 2017: For second time in two days, Israeli tank fires a warning shot at Assad troops fortifying positions along the Israel-Syria cease-fire line
19 November 2017: 19 November 2017: In unprecedented footage, the IDF allowed an Israeli TV crew to film it opening the border gates to Syria, and allowing in a group of mothers and their children, who were then transported to an Israeli hospital for medical treatment
November 2017: 26 November 2017: Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu reportedly warned Syria's Bashar Assad that Israel will intervene militarily in the Syrian civil war if Assad gives formal permission to Iran to establish a military presence in Syria
December 2017: 2 December 2017: Israeli fighter jets launched air-to-surface missiles at a military base near the Syrian city of al-Qiswa southwest of Damascus, reportedly targeting an Iranian military base, following reports that Iranian regime is building a military stronghold south of Syrian capital - 2 December 2017: 12 Iranian military personnel were killed in the alleged Israeli air strike on an Iranian base in Syria Friday night, according to Arabic media - 5 December 2017: Israeli jets reported to strike Assad's Jamarya military facility and research center, northwest of the Syrian capital Damascus
January 2018: 9 January 2018: Syria's opposition media says Israeli strikes hit a weapons depot in al-Qutayfah outside Damascus, containing long-range missiles, as Israeli security cabinet holds high-level talks on Iranian entrenchment - 17 January 2018: Israel reportedly carried out airstrikes at a military airport near Damascus, possibly hitting a weapons depot belonging to the Lebanese terror group Hezbollah
February 2018: 1 February 2018: After Israel warplanes killed three of its leaders, Israeli shelling targets Jaysh Khaled Ibn Al-Walid army pledging allegiance to ISIS in the countryside of Daraa - 7 February 2018: Israeli missiles target positions of the Assad regime forces and their allies in Syrian capital’s countryside
February 2018 Israel–Syria incident: 10 February 2018 Israel–Syria incident - 10 February 2018: Israel launches 'large-scale' strikes in Syria after drone infiltration, as IDF hits 12 Iranian, Syrian sites in 2nd wave of attacks following airspace breach, as planes met with heavy anti-aircraft fire, as F-16 crashes in Israel with 2 pilots injured, one in serious condition, and as Israeli military spokesman Jonathan Conricus says that 'Syrians and Iranians, from our point of view, are playing with fire' - 10 February 2018: SOHR reports that 6 members at least of the gunmen loyal to the regime of Syrian and non-Syrian nationalities including members of the regime forces, were killed in the air strikes which were carried out by Israeli warplanes on several Syrian areas - 11 February 2018: The Israeli army identified some of the targets of the retaliatory airstrikes it conducted in Syria after an Iranian drone infiltrated Israeli airspace the day before, while Syrian rebel forces reportedly provided details on the rest - 20 February 2018: With the Assad regime's advances and USA's reduced involvement in the region, Israel has been forced to make significant changes in its policies in the Golan Heights
April 2018: 10 April 2018: Israeli government accuses Assad regime of 'mass murder' in rebel-held towns, saying regime violating international disarmament agreements
May 2018: 8 May 2018: Nine Iran-linked fighters reported killed in alleged Israeli strike on an area south of Damascus previously identified as the site of a suspected Iranian military base
26 June 2018: 26 June 2018: Israeli missiles reportedly struck an arms depot belonging to the Lebanese terrorist movement Hezbollah near Damascus International Airport
29 June 2018: 29 June 2018: As tens of thousands of Syrians are fleeing an offensive in neighboring Daraa province by Assad’s forces and the Russian military, IDF sends aid to Syrians fleeing Daraa in overnight 'Good Neighbor’ operation
July 2018: 8 July 2018: SOHR told AFP that a missile bombardment targeted 'Iranian fighters' at Syrian base, as regime's news outlet acknowledged that the airstrike caused damage to the T-4 air base, located between the cities of Homs and Palmyra - 12 July 2018: Israeli Air Force strikes Assad's army posts near border in response to drone infiltration, confirming attacks on three targets after Assad regime's UAV is downed over the Sea of Galilee - 13 July 2018: IDF launched a Patriot missile at an Assad regime's drone that was flying inside the demilitarized zone - 16 July 2018: Up to 22 pro-regime fighters killed, including 9 Iranians, in an overnight strike in northern Syria, according to SOHR, saying Israeli missiles targeted an Iranian Revolutionary Guard center, near the Neyrab military airport in Aleppo province
21/22 July 2018: 22 July 2018: Israel transported several hundred Syrian civil defense workers and their families from southwest Syria to Jordan overnight Saturday, saying it had engaged in 'a humanitarian effort' at the request of the USA, some European countries and Canada
23/24 July 2018: 23/24 July 2018: Insisting Iranian forces leave Syria entirely, Israel rejects Russian offer to keep Iran 100 km from Syrian border, as IDF's main concern in past year was blocking Iran in Syria, according to Chief of Staff Gadi Eisenkot
Israel/Thailand relations: Israel/Thailand relations
July 2014: 24 July 2014: Narakorn Kittiyangkul, one of some 25,000 Thai migrant agricultural laborers in Israel and the third civilian killed by rocket fire from the Gaza Strip, was severely wounded while working in a greenhouse in a southern community near Gaza and died on the way the hospital, leaving behind his 62-year-old father, who is blind and living with relatives in the Pua district of Nan province - 24 July 2014: A day after a Thai national was killed by shrapnel from a mortar shell launched by Hamas in Gaza Thailand demands Israel relocate the 4,000 Thai nationals currently employed in southern Israel
January 2015: 21 January 2015: An estimated 122 Thai migrant farm workers have died in the country since 2008, including 43 from a heart condition known as sudden nocturnal death syndrome, according to newspapers and rights groups, calling to enforce labour laws and improve poor working conditions
July 2015: 28 July 2015: Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital and Israel’s Hadassah Medical Organization have signed an agreement for academic cooperation on elderly diseases, as both nations have been exchanging medical knowledge since 2013
October 2017: 29 October 2017: More than 20,000 Thai labourers, mostly from Isan, are powering Israel's agricultural sector, coming legally through Thai/Israeli governments' agreements, but described as intensely underpaid and overworked by rights groups
July/August 2018: 12 August 2018: Following Gaza violence and Hamas' rocket attacks, Thai workers in Israeli border communities traumatized, Chanpen Sae-jo in hospital in serious condition and evidence of the rocket attacks still visible in the Thai workers’ housing compound on the outskirts of the Talmei Eliyahu cooperative farming community
Israel/Tunisia relations: Israel/Tunisia relations - 1 November: Israel admits responsibility for 1988 assassination of Khalil al-Wazir (Abu Jihad) in Tunisia
Israel/Turkey relations: Israel/Turkey relations - 2011: Erdogan fordert von Israel Entschuldigung wegen tödlicher Kommandoaktion 2010 - Aufhebung des Embargos gegen Gazastreifen verlangt - 19 August 2011: Israel firm on not apologising over flotilla 2010 and killing of nine Turkish citizens - 2. September 2011: Türkei weist Israels Botschafter aus - 4 septembre 2011: La Turquie va saisir la 'Cour internationale de justice' pour contester la légalité du blocus de Gaza
2013: 2 February 2013: Turkish prime minister criticized for his comments equating Zionism with a 'crime against humanity' - 23 March 2013: Israel and Turkey agree to restore full diplomatic relations after PM Benjamin Netanyahu apologised for the deadly naval raid against a Gaza-bound international flotilla in 2010 and also agreed to compensate the families of the victims
2016: 27 June 2016: Israel and Turkey to announce a reconciliation deal ending a six-year diplomatic standoff that started when nine Turkish activists on a flotilla bound for the Gaza Strip were killed by Israeli forces
Israel/Ukraine relations: Israel/Ukraine relations - History of the Jews in Ukraine
2014: 6 March 2014: Israeli Kaplan hospital receives Ukrainians wounded in Kiev clashes last month - 7 March 2014: At a meeting Israeli envoy Din El and Right Sector leader Dmitry Yarosh agree to 'prevent provocation' and denounce the anti-Semitic tendencies of Ukraine's nationalist camp
2015: 28 August 2015: Israel and Poland see eye-to-eye on Ukraine - 28 December 2015: 20-year old frontline medical volunteer Yana Zinkevych, credited with saving the lives of hundreds of wounded Ukrainian soldiers following Russia's invasion of east Ukraine in early 2014, and who was injured in early November, recovering in Tel Aviv
June 2018: 20 June 2018: Ukraine, Israel agree upon readiness of free trade deal
Israel/United Kingdom relations: Israel/United Kingdom relations - 30 June 2014: Leviathan partners sign preliminary deal with British oil and gas company BG to export gas to Egypt
2015: 13 July 2015: Seeing the reality that exists today in the Middle East and also British demands to exert pressure on Israel, Daniel Taub says that his country wanted peace and security since its re-foundation and steps towards peace have taken place when the international community has been most receptive to its concerns
April 2017: 14 April 2017: Israel's PM and president send condolences to family of British Hannah Bladon after a Palestinian East Jerusalem resident, said to be a mentally ill, killed the exchange student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on tram in capital
November 2017: 3 November 2017: British PM May emphatically rejects call to apologize for Balfour Declaration that paved the way for the establishment of the state of Israel, slamming boycott efforts, a 'new and pernicious form of anti-Semitism', as Israeli PM Netanyahu says real tragedy of Balfour is that it didn't save Jews from Holocaust
August 2018: 13/14 August 2018: UK Labour Party's Corbyn slammed by Israel's PM Netanyahu, after recent revelations that Corbyn had attended a ceremony to honor the terrorists behind the 1972 Munich Olympic massacre and had compared Israeli military rule in the West Bank to the Nazi occupation of European countries during World War II
Israel/USA relations: Israel/USA relations - 20 May 2011: Netanyahu rejects Obama '1967 borders' view - 25 May 2012: Israel denies African migrants' rights, says US - 28 August: Court rules Israel not at fault for death of US activist Rachel Corrie in 2003 - 17 septembre: Israël exhorte les États-Unis à fixer 'une ligne rouge' à Téhéran - 1 December: US secretary of state says the decision of Israel's security cabinet to build 3.000 settler homes in occupied territories is a set back for peace - 21 March 2013: Making his first official visit to Israel US President Barack Obama promises enduring support amid ongoing concern over a nuclear-armed Iran
Since July 2013 Israeli-Palestinian peace talks: 2013 Israeli-Palestinian peace talks - 30 July 2013: Israeli and Palestinian negotiators will aim to reach a 'final status' agreement over the next nine months to end the conflict
August-December 2013: 3 September: Israel and USA carry out joint missile defense test in the Mediterranean - 30 September: USA President Obama said at the end of his White House meeting with PM Netanyahu that the USA has not given up the option of a military attack on Iran’s nuclear facilities - 3 November: Israel is not only a USA ally, but also a target for USA spying, a USA journal reports - 11 November: Sanctions imposed on Iran would only be slightly eased if nuclear agreement is reached, USA officials tell Israel - 22 December: Israel calls on USA to stop spying on Israel - 23 December: Israeli PM condemns US and UK spying on predecessor as 'unacceptable'
2014: 15 janvier: Moshé Yaalon a dû s'excuser après avoir dit que John Kerry n'avait 'rien à lui apprendre sur le conflit' israélo-palestinien - 18 March 2014: Defense minister Ya'alon says Obama administration is acting feebly and demonstrating weakness the world over, from China through the Mideast to Ukraine - 1 April: Israel and USA agree about the potential Iranian threat to the Middleeast and what to do about it, USA's Martin Dempsey says after Jerusalem visit - 20 December: Obama signs Israel strategic partnership bill laying groundwork for increased trade, military cooperation
2015/2016: 10 October 2015: According to former USA peace envoy to the Middle East Dennis Ross, Israel's PM Netanyahu said in 2010 that Israel could pull out of most of the West Bank if the Jewish state’s security requirements were answered, telling then-secretary of state Hillary Clinton what he could do to move the peace process with the Palestinians along - 18 December 2016: As USA's Jews fear rise in anti-Jewish sentiment, right-wing Israelis say it’s a fringe phenomenon, focus on boosting settlements
January 2017: 21 January 2017: As demonstrators gathered outside of the USA Embassy in Tel Aviv as part of worldwide women’s marches and as hundreds of thousands massed in the USA’s capital Washington and in cities around the globe to send Donald Trump an emphatic message that they won’t let his agenda go unchallenged over the next four years Israel's PM Netanyahu tweeted 'Congrats to my friend President Trump' - 22 January 2017: Reflecting the Torah portion, joyous rebellion as women march, as part of the 21 January 2017 Women's March in cities around the world, initially centered around Washington D.C. to promote women's rights and to address racial inequities, workers' issues, and environmental issues, an estimated 2.9 million people attended the 408 marches across the USA and other marches occurred in 168 countries around the world
May 2017: 17 May 2017: We must reassess what info we share with USA, Israeli intelligence says, after Trump revealed highly classified information to Russians in recent White House meeting, putting Israeli spy’s life at risk - 17 May 2017: Ex-Mossad head Shavit says in an interview that USA's Trump is like a ‘bull in a china shop… If tomorrow I were asked to pass information to the CIA, I would do everything I could to not pass it to them’, as another former head of the Mossad Danny Yatom demands to penalize the USA over Trump’s leak because his acts could endanger Israeli sources - 20 May 2017: 'Horrified’ Israeli intelligence officials ‘were shouting at US counterparts’ over Trump leak to Russian war criminals, as the now endangered Israeli spy was also reportedly a major asset in gaining information on the actions of Iran in Syria, through its Revolutionary Guards Corps and Hezbollah terrorists, both of which have been fighting for Bashar Assad
August 2017: 16 August 2017: Israeli politicians reject Trump claim of two sides to Virginia hate march and racist terror attack, saying 'when neo-Nazis march in Charlottesville and scream slogans against Jews and in support of white supremacy, the condemnation has to be unambiguous'
December 2017: 6 December 2017 USA's position on Jerusalem following 1995 Jerusalem Embassy Act - 7 December 2017: Israeli officials downplayed threats of a diplomatic backlash in the wake of USA's recognition of Jerusalem as the country’s capital, saying other countries were eager to follow suit
June 2018: 20 June 2018: Israel welcomed an announcement that the USA will withdraw from the UN Human Rights Council, praising the move as a 'courageous decision against the hypocrisy and the lies' of the international body that UN ambassador Nikki Haley said harbors bias against the Jewish state
Israel/Vatican relations: Israel/Vatican relations - Siege of Jerusalem (63 BC) - Siege of Jerusalem (37 BC) - Judea, province of the Roman empire 6 CE–135 - First Jewish–Roman War 66–73 CE - Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE was the decisive event of the First Jewish-Roman War - Siege of Masada 73 to 74 CE - Jewish–Roman wars 66–136 (70 years) - Jewish diaspora after the Roman destruction of Judea - History of the Jews in the Roman Empire - Jewish history since the Roman rule in the land of Israel, since 63 BCE - Anti-Judaism in the pre-Christian Roman Empire - Antisemitism in early Christianity - Antisemitism and the New Testament - Persecution of Jews - Anti-Judaism - Christianity and antisemitism - History of the Jews in Germany - Holocaust during World War II
2014: 23 May 2014: Papal Israel visit may lead Vatican to open Holocaust-era files - 25 May: Pope Francis arrives in Israel as part of Middle East tour
Israel/Vietnam relations: Israel/Vietnam relations
2017: 28 July 2017: Vietnam and Israel want to boost bilateral ties, suggesting ways to improve co-operation in diplomacy, trade, investment, finance, agriculture, science-technology, culture and education, targeting annual two-way trade of US$3 billion
Israel/Yemen relations: Israel/Yemen relations
2018: 5 February 2018: Armed by Iran, Hezbollah and Lebanon Yemen's Houthis now threaten one of world's busiest shipping routes and all of Israel's economic waters, including offshore gas fields
Politics of Israel: Politics of Israel - Unwritten constitution of Israel - instead of a formal written constitution, and in accordance with the Harari Decision of 1950 adopted during the Israeli Constituent Assembly, the State of Israel has enacted several Basic Laws of Israel dealing with the government arrangements and with human rights - Israeli Central Elections Committee
Political parties in Israel: Political parties in Israel - Ahdut HaAvoda - Israeli Labor Party was established in 1968 by a merger of Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi - Meretz founded in 1992 with the union of Ratz, Mapam, and Shinui - Hadash since 1977 - Yesh Atid since 2012 - Kulanu founded on 27 November 2014 - Likud founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin in an alliance with several right-wing and liberal parties - The Jewish Home founded in 2008 as the successor party to the National Religious Party - Shas is an ultra-orthodox religious political party founded in 1984 - United Arab List founded in 1996 - The Joint List is a political alliance founded on 23 January 2015 of four Arab-dominated parties Hadash, Balad, United Arab List, and Ta'al - Arab members of the Knesset
28 March 2012: Israel's main Kadima opposition party has elected Shaul Mofaz as its new leader, who will replace current leader Tzipi Livni - 1 May: Tzipi Livni resigns as member of Israeli parliament - 26 October: Israeli PM Netanyahu says his Likud Party is to merge with the ultra-nationalist group Yisrael Beitenu for January's general election - 28 December 2012: Palestinian-Israeli politician and Knesset member Haneen Zoabi is appealing a court ruling barring her from running in January general elections - 30 December 2012: Supreme court rules ban on Haneen Zoabi's candidacy is unconstitutional - 19 March 2015: Zehava Gal-On decides not to quit as Meretz chief after party rises to 5 mandates in final count
Trade unions in Israel: Trade unions in Israel
Elections in Israel: Elections in Israel
Politics and government in Israel: Israeli system of government
Taxation and government budget in Israel: Taxation in Israel - Israel Government Budget
July-December 2011: Israeli lawmakers pass West Bank settlement boycott law (47 to 36 votes, 120 members of Knesset) 11 July - 13. Juli: Klage in Israel gegen Boykottgesetz - 4. August: Israel forciert Siedlungsbau - 930 weitere Wohnungen auf besetztem Gebiet am Südrand Jerusalems - 11. August: Israels 'endgültige Genehmigung' für 1.600 neue Wohnungen in Ost-Jerusalem - 16 August: Israel parliament (only opposition) meets in an emergency session on Tuesday to discuss social protests - 27. September: Israels Regierung läßt laut UN-Experten immer mehr Häuser von Palästinensern im besetzten Westjordanland zerstören, Vertreibung und Zerstörung weiterer Lebensgrundlagen - 16 October: Israel names 477 Palestinian prisoners to be freed - 18. Oktober: Gilad Shalit an Ägypten übergeben, heute Rückkehr nach Israel - 1 November: Israel orders new building in East Jerusalem after Unesco membership of Palestine - 11. Novemer: Israels Armee erschießt jüdischen Siedler an Straßensperre im Westjordanland - 28 December: Israel appoves more homes in east Jerusalem
July-December 2012: 8 July: After large rally Israeli PM's party announces to back full conscription - 17 July: Kadima quits Israel government over conscription law - 2 September: Evacuation of Migron outpost begins, in advance of Supreme Court deadline - 6 October: Israeli air force downs unmanned aircraft after it entered the south of the country - 11 October: Hezbollah admits launching drone over Israel - 30 November: Netanyahu/Lieberman security-cabinet authorises 3.000 units in illegal settlements in occupied territory, a day after UN General Assembly upgraded Palestine's status - 2 December: Israel halts Palestinian tax transfer - 13 December: Israeli FM Avigdor Lieberman charged with fraud and breach of trust - 14 December: Lieberman resignation signals shift in Israeli politics - 17 December: Israel pushes ahead with plans to build 1.500 settler homes in east Jerusalem - 21 December: PM Netanyahu says that he is not interested in what UN says about settlement construction - 25 December: Israel endorses first university in West Bank near Nablus - 26 December: Israel has advanced the process of building 942 more settler homes in East Jerusalem under a new fast-track plan to tighten its grip on the territory - 28 December 2012: Palestinian-Israeli politician and Knesset member Haneen Zoabi is appealing a court ruling barring her from running in January general elections
July-December 2013: 30 juillet: "J’ai tué beaucoup d’Arabes dans ma vie – et il n’y a aucun problème avec ça", a affirmé le chef de 'Foyer juif' et ministre israélien de l'Économie Naftali Bennett - 4 August: Israel adds 20 West Bank settlements to its list for public aid in housing, infrastructure, education, cultural activities and security spending - 11 August: Israel to start building nearly 1,200 new units in West Bank and East Jerusalem - 12 August: Almost all prisoners, slated to be released as a gesture toward the Palestinian Authority in the renewed peace talks, were convicted of murdering Israelis - 8 September: The Israeli government on Sunday approved the allocation of 5,000 work permits for Palestinians from the West Bank - 17 September: Israel strikes down law targeting African migrants - 29 October: Government body funds call center marketing illegal West Bank homes - 12 novembre: 20.000 projets de construction en Cisjordanie annulés - 12 December: Defense Ministry changes housing regulation in West Bank according to whether the houses belong to Jews or Palestinians
July-December 2014: 2 July: After three murdered teenagers Eyal Yifrah, Gilad Shaar and Naftali Fraenkel were laid to rest side-by-side, Cabinet convenes to determine response to kidnapping and rockets - 6 July: PM Netanyahu responds to Lieberman, Bennett, who criticized Israel's lenient reaction to Gaza rockets, and cautions against 'inflammatory' rhetoric - 7 July: Israeli FM Lieberman ended a 20-month political alliance between his rightwing nationalist Yisrael Beitenu party and Likud, although his faction will remain in government - 11 July: PM Netanyahu says operation in Gaza will continue until quiet is restored to Israel, blames Hamas for Gaza civilian casualties - 31 July: Despite Israeli casualties and world criticism, a near-consensus in Israel supports the government’s conduct of the Gaza war, views Hamas as the aggressor and considers outsiders’ moralizing as hypocritical, ignorant, recent opinion polls show - 31 July: Israel calls up 16,000 more reservists as army presses campaign - 26 December 2014: High Court orders the evacuation of the Amona outpost in the West Bank within two years
July-December 2015: 29 July 2015: High Court orders Beit El’s Dreinoff settlement buildings torn down - 9 August: As the funeral of Palestinian Dawabsha, the father of a toddler killed when their home was firebombed by Jewish extremists, was attended by thousands, Israeli security forces search 7 homes in hilltop settlements, detain at least 9 people - 7 September: Record number of Palestinian structures slated for demolition in West Bank - 14 September: Netanyahu calls emergency meeting on stone throwing and fire bombs in Jerusalem and its vicinity - 28 November 2015: 'Liberman’s understanding of the war on terror amounts to the automatic firing of empty slogans, which have a merely coincidental relation to reality', Likud says after ex-FM calls PM’s handling of terror wave 'catastrophic'
November/December 2016: 14 November 2016: Israel's agriculture minister Uri Ariel helped to set back cutting-edge Israeli research and also apparently overstepped government regulations on gifts by giving the only scientific research helicopter of its kind in the country to murderous Russian regime's PM Dmitri Medvedev, after Israeli chief rabbi Yitzhak Yosef said in October 2016, that Syria is suffering 'a small holocaust’, as 'every day not far from here, as we sit here, men, women and children are murdered in Syria, and particularly in Aleppo', demanding that Jews must not be silent in the face of genocide across northern border - 13 December 2016: Interior Minister Aryeh Deri says that he had asked PM Netanyahu to officially request an emergency UN Security Council session on the worsening humanitarian situation in Syria, asserting that, 'as Jews, we cannot ignore these atrocities' - 28 December 2016: PM Netanyahu, who reportedly acceded to Russian request not to vote for war crimes investigative mechanism at the UN General Assembly, days before anti-settlements resolution passed at UN Security Council with Moscow’s help, loses confidence
2017: 6 February 2017: Israel legalizes West Bank outposts with sweeping new legislation, as controversial law recognizing building on private Palestinian land passes final Knesset votes by 60 to 52 - 28 February 2017: Blistering Gaza 2014 war report scorches Netanyahu, Ya’alon and Gantz over tunnel failures, Netanyahu to be questioned in April by lawmakers on report - 24 May 2017: In Jerusalem Day speech Israel's president Rivlin says that Israel must act immediately to improve the quality of life in the predominantly Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem, which are among the nation’s poorest - 18 June 2017: The Israeli cabinet approved a bill to ban the entire binary options industry, a multi-billion dollar, widely fraudulent, Israel-based enterprise, whose activities have been exposed in a series of articles by the 'Times of Israel' since March 2016 - 3 August 2017: Israel's Superintendent Gabi Biton, who investigates financial fraud and money laundering, told a Knesset panel that Israeli crime kingpins are behind the binary options industry and that organized crime in the country has been massively enriched and strengthened as a result of law enforcement’s failure for many years to grasp the vastness of the problem
Social movements and protests in Israel: Protests in Israel
2011: 2011 Israeli social justice protests - 23 July 2011: Tens of thousands protest against rising housing costs and social inequalities in Israel - July 2011: Israeli Chamber Orchestra playing Wagner at Bayreuth - Israel announces housing reforms amid large protests - 31 July 2011: Mass protests in Israel over high prices continue - Haaretz 1 August: Israeli municipalities declare general strike in solidarity with housing protests - 6 August 2011: Hundreds of thousands of Israelis rally in Tel Aviv and other cities for reforms protest demanding social justice - 13 August: Across the country Israeli protesters call for economic reforms (housing prices, education, jobs) on Saturday - 14 août: Le mouvement pour la justice sociale gagne du terrain et s'étend à douze nouvelles villes - 27. August 2011: Wieder Samstag-Demonstrationen für soziale Gerechtigkeit - 3 September: Israel's 'march of a million' - ongoing protest on Saturday - 4 September: Despite largest turnout to date for Israel's protest movement there are questions over the socio-economic issues - 7 novembre: Grève générale limitée à 4 heures dans le secteur public lundi matin - 6. Dezember 2011: Parlament beschließt Steuerreform mit Entlastungen für israelische Mittelschicht
2012: 9 February 2012: General strike to force government to hire contract workers and improve conditions - 13. Mai 2012: In Tel Aviv haben wieder Tausende gegen die hohen Lebenshaltungskosten und soziale Ungerechtigkeit demonstriert - 24 June: Scores arrested after Israel protests - 8 July: Tel Aviv rally of thousands of protesters calls for all citizens, including ultra-Orthodox and Arabs, to perform military or community service - 14 July: An Israeli protester has set himself alight at rally to mark one year of nationwide protests - NZZ 20. Juli: Demonstrant, der sich bei den Protesten gegen soziale Ungerechtigkeit in Tel Aviv selbst angezündet hatte, ist seinen schweren Verletzungen erlegen - 22 July: Disabled Israeli war veteran Akiva Mafi is said to be in a serious condition after setting himself on fire at a bus stop near Tel Aviv - NZZ 1. August: Armeeveteran Akiva Mafi stirbt nach Selbstanzündung - 5 August 2012: Mass rallies held across Israel against tax hikes and spending cuts implemented by PM Netanyahu's Likud party
2014: 6 January 2014: Thousands of African migrants marched in Tel Aviv hoping to call attention to the state's refusal to recognize the migrants' asylum requests - 29 June 2014: Thousands rally in Tel Aviv for kidnapped Israeli teens - 14/15 August 2014: In an event organized by municipal leaders, over 10,000 people gather in Tel Aviv in a show of support for the rocket-ravaged southern communities demanding peace and security - 17 August: As Israel and Hamas envoys expected back in Cairo to resume talks, thousands of Israelis call for dialogue at Tel Aviv peace rally saying 'Yes to a diplomatic solution' and 'Jews and Arabs refuse to be enemies' - 19 November: Thousands attended the funeral of sergeant-major Zidan Nahad Seif who was wounded while attempting to stop the terror attack at the Kehilat Bnei Torah synagogue a day before - 14 December 2014: Hundreds of protesters in Jerusalem gathered in Zion Square to protest racism, following an arson attack on a Jewish Arab school and after months of tension between the Jewish and Arab populations in the capital
2015: 4 January 2015: Workers at cash-strapped food processor Pri Hagalil, one of the largest employers in northern Israel, barricaded themselves next to the factory to protest closure and management’s failure - 8 January 2015: Demonstrators rally at French Consulate in Jerusalem in support of victims of the attack at Charlie Hebdo offices in Paris - 18 February 2015: Hundreds of people attended the funeral of 4-year-old Adele Bitton, who was critically injured in a 2013 rock-throwing attack in Yakir - 4 March: Thousands of Israeli women, including Jews and Arabs, gathered outside Knesset urging a peace agreement with the Palestinians - 7 March: An estimated 40,000 demonstrators took part in a rally on Rabin Square in Tel Aviv calling for a change in government and in the Israeli policy, ten days before Israelis go to the polls on March 17 - 13 March 2015: Groups participating in annual Marathon include coexistence proponents, terror victims and disabled people, as tens of thousands took part in Jerusalem Marathon - 16 April: Thousands attend funeral for Jerusalem car-ramming victim Shalom Sherki - 4 May 2015: After a Sunday protest against racism and police brutality initiated by Ethiopian Israelis left 68 people injured and 43 arrested PM Netanyahu to meet with Ethiopian community leaders and IDF soldier Damas Pakada, recorded being beaten by police - 19 May: For second time in two weeks, protesters rally in Tel Aviv, calling for an end to discrimination against Ethiopians - 21 June: Thousands rally for peace at torched Galilee church - 22 June: Hundreds of Ethiopian Israelis demonstrated in Tel Aviv against the closure of an investigation against policeman who was videotaped beating a uniformed Ethiopian-Israeli soldier - 2 July: Israelis protest in Jerusalem against deadly Palestinian attacks - 1 August 2015: Thousands across Israel protest violence, incitement after arson attack that killed 18-month-old Palestinian Ali Saad Dawabsheh - 5 October 2015: Thousands protest at PM’s home demanding action on terror against Jews - 31 October 2015: 100,000 in Tel Aviv square marking 20 years since the assassination of PM Yitzhak Rabin
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Israel: Israeli society - Human rights in Israel
Districts, local councils and cities in Israel: Districts of Israel - Local councils in Israel - List of cities in Israel
History and economy of Jerusalem: History of Jerusalem and timeline - Economy of Jerusalem
Demographics, culture and education in Jerusalem: Demographic history of Jerusalem - Jerusalem culture - Education in Jerusalem
Demographics and ethnic groups in Israel: Demographics of Israel - Ethnic groups in Israel - Aliyah - Immigration to Israel
Ashkenazi, Mizrahi and Sephardi Jews: Ashkenazi Jews - Mizrahi Jews - Sephardi Jews
Ethiopian Jews in Israel: Ethiopian Jews in Israel - Aliyah from Ethiopia - Beta Israel
Arab citizens of Israel: Arab citizens of Israel
Israeli Druze: Israeli Druze
Religious relations in Israel: Religious relations in Israel
Women in the workforce in Israel: Women in the workforce in Israel
Women in the Israel Defense Forces: Women in the Israel Defense Forces
Childhood and youth in Israel: Childhood in Israel - Youth in Israel
Children in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Children in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Education in Israel: Education in Israel
List of schools in Israel: List of schools in Israel
Israeli universities and colleges: List of Israeli universities and colleges - Universities and colleges in Jerusalem - Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel's second oldest university established in 1918, the world's largest Jewish studies library is located on its Edmond J. Safra Givat Ram campus - Tel Aviv University, a public research university, with over 30,000 students the University is the largest in the country - Porter School of Environmental Studies, an independent graduate school within Tel Aviv University, is Israel’s first graduate school to focus on research, teaching and the sharing of environmental knowledge, and one of the few worldwide to take a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental issues - Since 1963 University of Haifa, a public research university founded by the mayor of its host city to operate under the academic auspices of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Science and technology in Israel: Science and technology in Israel - Since 1912 Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, a public research university in Haifa, is the oldest university in the country - Since 1934 Weizmann Institute of Science, a public research university in Rehovot, differs from other Israeli universities in that it offers only graduate and postgraduate degrees in the natural and 'exact' sciences - Since 1969 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, a center for teaching and research with about 20,000 students, including the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, the Ilse Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research with the Albert Katz International School for Desert Studies - Since 1987 Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center - Israel National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space in Haifa
Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research: Since 2002 Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research
Health in Israel: Health in Israel
Sport in Israel: Sport in Israel
Media in Israel: Media of Israel
Internet in Israel: Internet in Israel
Crime in Israel: Crime in Israel
2014: List of Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel 2014 - Terrorist incidents in Israel in 2014 - 22 October 2014 Jerusalem vehicular attack - 23 October 2014: Hamas, Fatah officials praise terrorist, urging Palestinians to 'escalate the confrontations', after Hamas member al-Shaludi killed Israeli baby in deadly car ramming attack in Jerusalem - 5 November 2014 Jerusalem vehicular attack - 5 November 2014: Vehicular terror attack in Jerusalem claimed by Hamas, after Hamas member and operative al-Akari rammed van into a group of pedestrians waiting for the Light Rail in Jerusalem, killing one person and wounding a number of others - 18 November 2014 Jerusalem synagogue attack - 12 January 2017: Iran and Syria ordered by Washington D.C. District Court to pay $178m to family of American-Israeli infant Chaya Zissel Braun killed in 22 October 2014 Jerusalem terror attack by member of the Hamas terrorist organization al-Shaludi, because the two countries financially back Hamas and as the 'criminal regimes in Tehran and Damascus are the biggest state sponsors of terrorism in the world', according to chairwoman Darshan-Leitner
January 2016 Tel Aviv shooting: On 1 January 2016 suspected gunman Nasha'at Melhem opened fire on several businesses on Dizengoff Street in Tel Aviv, killing two people and injuring seven others - 2 January 2016: Tel Aviv on high alert as manhunt continues for Arab Israeli who killed two in New Year’s Day shooting - 2 January 2016: Tel Aviv shooting suspect reportedly 'wanted to avenge cousin's death' - 4 January 2016: Suspected gunman Nashat Milhem who shot up a bar in Tel Aviv, killing two, fired into two other establishments, fled the scene on foot, hailed a cab, and rode to north Tel Aviv where he murdered the driver before abandoning the vehicle, police says - 8/9 January: Israeli police kill New Year's Day Tel Aviv shooting's suspect Nashat Melhem at mosque in home Wadi Ara town of Ar’ara
Anti-Arabism in Israel: Anti-Arabism in Israel - Racism in Israel
Religiously motivated violence in Israel:
Incitement to violence in Israel:
2012-2016: 5 January 2012: Former Israel PM Olmert indicted in corruption case - 10 July 2012: Ehud Olmert corruption and bribery case, on 10 July 2012 Olmert convicted of breach of trust - 10 juillet 2012: L'ex-Premier ministre Olmert coupable de corruption dans l'affaire dite du 'Centre d'investissement' - 24 September: Former Israel PM Ehud Olmert given a one-year suspended sentence for breaching the public's trust - 31 March 2014: Former PM Ehud Olmert convicted of accepting bribes in Holyland case - 13 May 2014: Former Israeli PM Ehud Olmert sentenced to 6-year jail term for corruption - 30 March 2015: Former PM Olmert convicted of fraud, breach of trust in retrial - 25 May 2015: Ex-premier Olmert sentenced to eight months in jail for taking cash from USA businessman and fundraiser Morris Talansky in exchange for political favors - 29 December 2015: Israel’s Supreme Court partially upheld the conviction of Ehud Olmert, who is one of eight former officials and businessmen in the so-called Holyland real estate corruption case, sending the former PM to prison for 18 months - 2 February 2016: Olmert faces fresh conviction after admitting case tampering
List of the Basic Laws of Israel: List of the Basic Laws of Israel since 1958
Law enforcement in Israel: Law enforcement in Israel
Palestinian prisoners in Israel: Palestinian prisoners in Israel
Air pollution and climate change in Israel: Air pollution and climate change in Israel
Natural disasters in Israel: Natural disasters in Israel
Storms and floods in Israel:
2013 Middle East cold snap and floods: 2013 Middle East cold snap and floods
Wildfires in Israel:
November/December 2016, 2017: November 2016 Israel wildfires, a wave of over 200 wildfires in various regions in Israel - 24 November 2016: Several hundred people were evacuated from their homes in a number of locations across Israel including Haifa as a wave of wildfires continued to wreak havoc across the country, bolstered by high winds and dry conditions that have contributed to vast damage caused over the past two days, as international firefighters arrive to help - 24 November 2016: Palestinian Authority sends a team to help combat blazes - 25 November 2016: Officials say evidence of widespread arson unclear as fires burn overnight in many parts of Israel - 27 November 2016: The wildfires that have raged across Israel over five days have left at least 133 people injured, rendered hundreds of homes unlivable and consumed tens of thousands of dunams of protected parks and nature reserves, as firefighters gain control of most of the blazes - 27 November 2016: Two Israeli Arabs arrested on suspicion of deliberately starting brush fires have confessed to the crimes, according to police - 18 December 2016: Three Palestinians arrested for suspected arson attacks after they were spotted by security cameras on 25 November attempting to ignite a blaze outside of Ariel, Shin Bet says - 5 February 2017: 3 Palestinians accused of arson in November West Bank fire
Droughts in Israel:


Palestinian territories - Outline of the Palestinian territories - Gaza Strip - West Bank - History of Palestine (region) - History of the Palestinian people - Demographics of Palestine - Demographics of the Palestinian territories
Water supply effects of the Gaza war 2008/2009 and the Gaza blockade: Effects of the Gaza war 2008/2009 and the Gaza blockade
History of the economy of the Palestinian territories and economic cycles: History of the economy of the Palestinian territories
Employment in the Palestinian territories: Employment in the Palestinian territories
Palestinian workers in Israel: Palestinian workers in Israel
Poverty in the Palestinian territories: Poverty in the Palestinian territories
Palestinian society and demographics of the Palestinian territories: Palestinian society - Demographics of the Palestinian territories
Palestinian women: Palestinian women
Palestinian militant misuse of children and youths: Palestinian militant misuse of children
Children in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Children in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Health in the Palestinian territories: Health in the Palestinian territories
Taxation and budget in the Palestinian territories: Taxation in the Palestinian territories - International aid to Palestinians - Budget
Elections and politics of the Palestinian National Authority: Elections in the Palestinian National Authority
August 2014: 8 August 2014: As Gaza rocket fire continues and Hamas rejects extending truce, a new poll says that 92% of Palestinians in Gaza are in favor of a long-term ceasefire between Israel and Hamas and 72% hope their leaders will work to achieve a lasting peace agreement - 10 August: Hamas threatens major escalation in rocket strikes on Israel as Gazans in addition to hundreds of victims, destruction and unemployment struggle with rising prices - 13 August: The annihilation of the state of Israel has begun, says the official PLO envoy Salah al-Zawawi in Tehran, as Hamas representative in Iran Khaled al-Kadoumi says, that he hopes its weapons will become more advanced with the help of the Iranians - 15 August: After weeks of war, some fearless Gazans are starting to speak out questioning Hamas’s handling of the crisis - 17 August: Hundreds of Fatah members under Hamas house arrest in Gaza - 18 August: Israel arrested 93 Hamas men in West Bank over terror network targeting Palestinian Authority - 17 December 2014: Two-thirds of Palestinians say they are afraid to criticize Mahmoud Abbas, according to a poll
October 2016 Palestinian local elections, postponed: 8 October 2016 Palestinian local elections, postponed
Social movements and protests in the Palestinian territories: Protests in the Palestinian territories
March/April 2018 'Land Day' incidents: March/April 2018 'Land Day' incidents
Palestinian media: Palestinian media
Religion in the Palestinian territories: Religion in the Palestinian territories
Human rights in the Palestinian National Authority: Human rights in the Palestinian National Authority - Human rights in the Gaza Strip
Human rights organizations in the Palestinian territories: Human rights organizations based in the Palestinian territories
Crime in the Palestinian territories: Crime in the Palestinian territories
2012: 7 April 2012: Hamas hangs Gaza prisoners, including one 'collaborator' with Israel - 1 August 2012: Palestinians protest murder of battered wife - 17 September: A Hamas-run military court in the Gaza Strip has convicted four Palestinians for their involvement in the abduction and murder of the Italian activist Vittorio Arrigoni in April 2011 - 3 October: Palestinians in the Gaza Strip face 'serious abuses' in the justice system, according to a report of Human Rights Watch
2017: 20 March 2017: Palestinian police officer killed overnight Monday during an arrest raid in the Balata refugee camp near Nablus, wanted man seriously injured in exchange of fire - 25 March 2017: Thousands of Hamas supporters called for 'revenge' during the Gaza funeral of top terrorist Mazen Faqha, as leaders of the terror group continued to blame Israel for his killing and threatened retribution - 25 May 2017: Hamas will execute three Palestinian men on Thursday who were found guilty this week of assassinating senior member Mazen Faqha of the terror group in March - 20 July 2017: The Palestinian Authority systematically tortured dozens of suspected collaborators with Israel between 1990 and 2003, and must compensate them for the physical and mental harm it caused them, a Jerusalem court ruled this week - 3 August 2017: Israel breaks up alleged Hamas Turkey-Hebron money laundering ring
Corruption in the Palestinian territories:
Palestinian domestic weapons production: Palestinian domestic weapons production
Palestinian tunnel warfare in the Gaza Strip: Palestinian tunnel warfare in the Gaza Strip
Palestinian law: Palestinian law
Law enforcement in the Palestinian National Authority: Law enforcement in the Palestinian National Authority
Foreign relations of the Palestinian National Authority: Foreign relations of the Palestinian National Authority
Palestine/Brazil relations: Palestine/Brazil relations
Palestine/China relations: Palestine/China relations
Palestine/France relations: Palestine/France relations
Palestine/Indonesia relations: Palestine/Indonesia relations
Palestine/Iran relations: Palestine/Iran relations
Palestine/Iraq relations: Palestine/Iraq relations
Palestine/Jordan relations: Palestine/Jordan relations - Jordan River
Palestine/North Korea relations: Palestine/North Korea relations
Palestine/Pakistan relations: Palestine/Pakistan relations
Palestinian territories/Russia relations: Palestinian territories/Russia relations
Palestine/South Africa relations: Palestine/South Africa relations
Palestine/Turkey relations: Palestine/Turkey relations
Palestine/United Arab Emirates relations: Palestine/United Arab Emirates relations
Palestine/United Kingdom relations: Palestine/United Kingdom relations
Palestine/United Nations relations: Palestine/United Nations relations
2014: 12 February 2014: The Syrian crisis that has left millions of people dependent on international aid has caused the reduction of funds to assist Palestinians, UN says - 13 March 2014: UN's Ban Ki-moon strongly deplores heavy rocket barrage on Israel from Gaza - 13/14 July 2014: Palestinian representative to the UN Human Rights Council Kraishi says every missile fired from Gaza at Israel is a crime against humanity because it is directed at civilian targets and, unlike IDF, 'we never warn anyone about where these missiles are about to fall' - 19 July: UN's Ban Ki-moon joins efforts for ceasefire negotiations after Hamas's rejection and as death toll reaches 350 - 20 July 2014: 'United' Nations agency UNRWA handed 20 missiles found in Gaza school back to Hamas, not to International Criminal Court - 22 July 2014: Israeli newspaper asks wether is was a war crime that UNRWA handed rockets over to Hamas - 23 July 2014: UN's Ban Ki-moon is 'alarmed' to hear that rockets placed in UN-run school in Gaza now 'have gone missing', demanding a full review - 28 July 2014: Hamas fired anti-tank missile from UNRWA school in Beit Hanoun on Thursday, yard was empty when IDF responded, IDF investigation says - 30 July 2014: UN agency for Palestinian refugees admits that a stockpile of Hamas rockets for the third time since the onset of Operation Protective Edge was found in UNRWA’s Gaza schools, but was not publicized by UNRWA - 30 July 2914: Three Israeli soldiers were killed and 15 injured in an explosion at a booby-trapped UNRWA 'health clinic' in Gaza's Khan Yunis that housed the opening of a Hamas tunnel for terrorist attacks in Israel - 2 August 2014: UN's Ban Ki-moon condemns Hamas violation of humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza and demands the immediate, unconditional release of captured Israeli soldier Goldin - 18 December: Jordan formally submitted Palestinian-drafted resolution to the UN Security Council calling for peace between Israel and the Palestinians within one year and an Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank by the end of 2017 - 31 December: UN Security Council rejects resolution on Palestinian statehood, with the Palestinians failing to get the minimum nine yes votes
Palestine/USA relations: Palestine/USA relations - 30 July 2012: Palestinians accuse US presidential candidate Romney of 'racist' remark as this tax evader says on his visit in Israel he believes 'culture' has made Israel more successful than occupied Palestine - 19 July 2013: Palestinians undecided on Kerry peace talks plan - 20 July: Agreement on basis to resume Mideast peace talks, John Kerry says - 1 August 2014: USA blames Hamas for the breakdown of a ceasefire with Israeli forces, accusing Hamas of launching a barbaric attack to capture Israeli soldier Goldin - 23 February 2015: USA jury orders the PLO and the Palestinian Authority to pay more than $218m for supporting al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and Hamas terrorists, after USA victims and their families had sued over attacks in the Jerusalem area more than a decade ago - 15 August 2017: PLO condemns USA lawmakers' move to slash aid to the Palestinian Authority over its stipends to terrorists and their families
Palestine/Venezuela relations: Palestine/Venezuela relations
Palestine/Vietnam relations: Palestine/Vietnam relations
International recognition of the State of Palestine: International recognition of the State of Palestine - Proposals for a Palestinian state - 31 octobre 2011: La Palestine devient membre à part entière de l'Unesco - 107 countries voted in favour while USA, Israel, Germany and some others voted against membership - 7 January 2012: Hamas leader's Tunisia visit angers Palestinians - 29 June: Bethlehem sites given Unesco World Heritage status - NZZ 23. Juli: Arabische Liga unterstützt UN-Antrag der Palästinenser - 28 September: President Abbas says he will seek a vote at UN General Assembly to approve Palestine as a 'sovereign country' - 23 October: Qatar emir calls for Palestinian unity on visit to Gaza - 12 November: Palestinian Authority decides to move forward with a bid for elevated UN status - 30 November: In the UN General Assembly 138 countries voted (41 others abstained) to recognise Palestine as a non-member observer state, despite Israel and US criticism
Natural disasters in the Palestinian territories: Natural disasters in the Palestinian territories

Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Israeli-Palestinian conflict - Arab-Israeli conflict
Israel and the Roman Empire, since 63 BC: 63 BC Siege and conquest of Jerusalem by the Roman empire, end of Jewish independence and incorporation of Judea into the Roman Empire as a client kingdom - William L. Westermann: The Slave Systems Of Greek And Roman Antiquity, Philadelphia 1955 - Siege of Jerusalem (37 BC) - Judea, province of the Roman empire 6 CE–135 - Jewish–Roman wars 66–136 (70 years) - First Jewish–Roman War 66–73 CE - Romam siege and destruction of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE was the decisive event of the First Jewish-Roman War - First-century Romano-Jewish scholar and historian Josephus claims that 1.1 million people were killed during the siege, of which a majority were Jewish, men and women, old and young, insurgents and priests, those who fought and those who entreated mercy, were hewn down in indiscriminate carnage, and 97,000 were captured and enslaved - The Arch of Titus, celebrating the Roman war crimes, the sack of Jerusalem and destruction of its famous Second Temple, still stands in Rome - Tisha B'Av is an annual fast day in Judaism which commemorates the anniversary of a number of disasters in Jewish history, primarily the destruction of both the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem - Siege of Masada 73 to 74 CE - 351-352 Jewish revolt against Constantius Gallus in Syria Palaestina province, destruction of several Jewish cities, several thousand rebels killed
1882-1903 First Aliyah (return of Jews to Israel): First Aliyah 1882-1903 (return to Israel)
1914-1918 World War I and the rise of antisemitism: 1914-1918 World War I - Antisemitism and World War I
1929-1939 Fifth Aliyah, the fifth wave of the Jewish immigration to Palestine from Europa and Asia: Fifth Aliyah refers to the fifth wave of the Jewish immigration to Palestine from Europe and Asia between the years 1929 and 1939
Intercommunal conflict in Mandatory Palestine since late 19th century and violence in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since 1920 and since 1948: Since late 19th century Arab nationalism and Arab response to Zionism - Timeline of intercommunal conflict in Mandatory Palestine
1948 Israeli Declaration of Independence: Israeli Declaration of Independence 1948
Violent incidents in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since 2011: List of violent incidents in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict 2011
August 2011: 16. August: Israelischer Luftangriff auf Gazastreifen - ein Toter und etliche Verletzte - 18 August: Several people killed in a series of attacks on vehicles in southern Israel - 18. August: Israel reagiert mit tödlichen Luftangriffen auf den Gazastreifen nach tödlichen Anschlägen in Südisrael - 19. August: Weitere tödliche Luftangriffe Israels auf Gazastreifen - 19 August: Israelis in Ashdod injured by Gaza rockets on Friday - 19 August: Egypt protests to Israel over killings of security officials - 20 August: Israel continues deadly air strikes on Gaza - 20. August: Kairo zieht Botschafter aus Israel ab - 20 August: Israel regrets killing by its troops after Cairo threatened to withdraw its ambassador and protests in the city - 21 August: Egypt says Israel's regret is not enough - 21 August: Death toll rises in Gaza-Israel violence - 21 August: Cairo meeting of Arab League condemning Israel for Egyptian deaths - 22. August: Brüchige Waffenruhe zwischen Israel und militanten Palästinensern - 24 August: Israel kills Islamic Jihad leader in Gaza air strike - 25. August: Israel setzt tödliche Luftangriffe auf Gazastreifen in der Nacht fort - 27. August: Militante Palästinenser feuern wieder Rakete auf Südisrael - 29 August: Palestinian stabs Israelis in Tel Aviv
March 2012: 3. März: Israelische Soldaten und Beamte stürmen die Studios des palästinensischen Lokalfernsehens Watan TV und des Fernsehprogramms der Kuds-Universität, die nicht mehr senden können - 10 March: At least 11 Palestinians have been killed and a dozen others wounded, including children, in a series of Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, medics say - 11 March: Israel launches fresh air strikes on Gaza - rocket attacks of Gaza militants - 11 mars: Un garçon de 12 ans tué dans le raid israélien au nord de Gaza - 12 March: The Palestinians and Israelis have made rival calls for the UN Security Council to act - 12 mars: Deux Palestiniens ont été tués lundi matin dans la bande de Gaza lors de nouveaux raids aériens israéliens - 12. März: Israel fliegt weitere Angriffe auf den Gazastreifen - 13 March: Israel confirms reaching 'understanding' on truce with Palestinians in the Gaza Strip to end four days of violence - 14. März: Brüchige Waffenruhe - Israels Luftwaffe beantwortet in der Nacht palästinensische Raketenangriffe mit neuen Luftschlägen im Gazastreifen - 30 March: Palestinians set for Land Day demonstrations - 30 March: Demonstrator killed by Israeli troops in Gaza and more than 120 people wounded in riots in the West Bank
October 2012: 8 October: At least one Palestinian killed and number of bystanders injured in an Israeli air strike on the southern part of the Gaza Strip - 8 October: Israeli tanks fire shells at Gaza Strip after Palestinian groups retaliate with rockets for Sunday's deadly Israeli airstrike - 14 October: One Palestinian killed and two others wounded, including a child, in an Israeli air strike in the northern town of Jabaliya - 14 October: Israeli air strikes leave four dead in 24 hours - 24 October: At least four alleged militants have been killed and several other people injured in Israeli air strikes in Gaza - 25 October: Ceasefire between Israel and armed Palestinian groups in Gaza, negotiated with the help of Egypt - 28 October: On Sunday morning an Israeli airstrike on the Gaza Strip kills a Hamas militant and wounded another, after they fired mortar shells at Israeli tanks on an incursion near the southern town of Khan Younes - 29 October: Eleven rockets fired from Gaza into southern Israel without harming anyone, hours after an Israeli air strike killed a Hamas militant
November 2012: 1 November: Israel admits responsibility for 1988 assassination of Khalil al-Wazir (Abu Jihad) in Tunisia - 6 November: Israeli military court sentences Palestinian activist Bassem Tamimi to four months in prison for his part in a protest last month - 8 November: A Palestinian boy has been killed by shots from an Israeli army helicopter in the Gaza Strip - 11 November: At least five Palestinians killed and 30 others wounded in Israeli shelling on two districts east of Gaza City after militants attacked an Israeli jeep, injuring four soldiers - 13 November: The Israeli airforce has launched fresh raids on targets in the Gaza Strip after six rockets were fired at southern Israel - 14 November: Brokered by Egypt, Gaza and Israel agree to hold fire but warn to resume fighting if attacked again - 14/15 November: Air strikes continue as Netanyahu says Israel sent a 'clear message' to Hamas through the killing of its military chief Ahmad Jabari - several other people including children killed - 15 November: In Kiryat Malachi in southern Israel three people have been killed by rockets fired from Gaza, amid escalating violence - 16 November: Israeli military to halt strikes conditionally during Hesham Qandil's brief solidarity meeting with Hamas rulers - 17 November: Gaza children at risk in crowded urban battle zone - 17 November: Four Palestinians are killed, as Israeli warplanes hit Hamas government compounds, tunnels and power transformers - 18 November: Israeli military attacks two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets - 18 November: Israel is continuing its assault on the Gaza Strip for a fifth straight day, bombarding the Palestinian enclave from both the air and sea - in the morning of this Sunday three rockets fired from Gaza into Israel's coastal city of Ashkelon - 18/19 November: Twelve Palestinians from one family killed in Israeli rocket attack in single biggest loss of life since crisis began - 19 November: Ongoing Israeli offensive amid pressure for Gaza truce - 19 November: Going to Cairo UN's Ban Ki-moon calls for an immediate ceasefire as Israel's pounding of Gaza enters its sixth day - 19 November: Two deaths attributed to shooting by Israeli security forces as anger over Gaza bombardment leads to protests in the West Bank - 20 November: Civilians killed and media centre hit for a second day by Israeli forces as the death toll in the Palestinian territory passes 100 and Gaza ceasefire efforts stepped up - 21 November: Hamas says a Gaza ceasefire agreement is being 'held up' by Israelis, who have yet to confirm that a deal is imminent - 21 novembre: Le bâtiment du bureau de l'AFP à Gaza touché par un raid israélien - 21 November: Israeli forces renew their bombardment on Gaza as Palestinian death toll increases - 22 November: Israel and Hamas agree to truce - 22 November: The ceasefire took hold on Thursday around and in celebrating Gaza after a week of cross-border violence that killed at least 160 people - 23 November: Calm returns as Gaza-Israel ceasefire holds - 23 November: In the first reported killing since the ceasefire between Hamas and Israel Israeli soldiers opened fire at the border near Khan Younis killing one Palestinian and wounding 10 others, but leaving intact the fragile two-day-old cease-fire - 24 November: As part of truce deal, Israel allowing farmers to visit land and fishermen to head further out to sea - 24 November: Tens of thousands of children are returning to school in the Gaza Strip after eight days of cross-border fighting between Israel and Hamas - among 156 killed Palestinians are 33 children, rockets from Gaza killed six Israelis, more than 1.000 Gaza civilians are wounded, dozens of Israelis are hurt, Palestinian Center for Human Rights says - 25 November: As Israel eases Gaza curbs Hamas leader defiant saying that they would go on smuggling in weapons 'by all possible means', including via Iran - 26 novembre: Pourparlers au Caire entre Israël et le Hamas sur le blocus de Gaza
January 2013: 1 janvier: Violents heurts entre soldats israéliens et Palestiniens dans le village de Tamoun lors d'une opération spéciale et déguisée en arabes - 12 January: Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian trying to sneak from the occupied West Bank into the Jewish State to get to a job - 13 January: Early Sunday Israel forces have forcefully evicted Palestinian and other multi-national activists from a hilltop protest camp they set up in a West Bank area slated for Jewish settlement - 13 January: Just hours after Israeli troops dragged anti-settlement protesters from the site, Israel's Netanyahu pledges to move ahead with building a Jewish settlement in the area - 16 January: A court in Jerusalem has convicted US-born Israeli Jack Teitel of murdering two Palestinians in 1997 - 19 January: 15 Palestinian and Israeli activists arrested, including a woman with her two-year-old baby, trying to access Palestinian lands in the South Hebron Hills and a fifteen year old Palestinian severely wounded after being shot by soldiers - 20 janvier: L'armée israélienne ordonne l'évacuation du camp militant à Beit Iksa en Cisjordanie - 23 January: A Palestinian woman has been shot dead by Israeli troops in the West Bank near al-Arroub College - 26 January: On Saturday around 200 Palestinians demonstrating in solidarity with prisoners held by Israel hurled stones at troops in the West Bank and soldiers responded with tear gas - 28 January: According to a certified map of the West Bank settlement of Eli at least 166 homes in Israeli settlement built on private Palestinian land
February 2013: 2 February: Activists and residents of an area near Burin south of Nablus, protesting illegal Israeli settlement activity, forcefully removed by Israeli authorities - 9 February: Israeli forces removed tents set up by Palestinians in an open area near Hebron, the fifth tent village in the West Bank in the past few weeks - 10 February: Israel's Lieberman says Palestinian peace accord impossible - 15 février: Dizaines de Palestiniens blessés lors d'affrontements en Cisjordanie - 15 February: Israeli soldiers have clashed with Palestinian protesters at a rally in support of the hunger strike to protest incarcerations - 22 February: Thousands rally for Palestinian prisoners - 23 February: A Palestinian medic says a 24-year-old demonstrator was shot in the stomach during clashes between Jewish settlers and Palestinians in the West Bank village of Kusra - 24 February: Palestinian PM Fayyad expressed shock at the death of prisoner Arafat Jaradat in Israeli occupation prison and called for full details of what happened - 24 February: Thousands of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli custody launched a one-day hunger strike Sunday over the death of Arafat Jaradat in Israeli occupation prison - 24 February: Citing a Palestinian doctor who took part in the autopsy Palestinian government is alleging that Arafat Jaradat was tortured to death - 26 février: Une roquette tirée de la bande de Gaza a explosé près d'Ashkelon (sud d'Israël) sans faire de blessé - 26 February 2013: The United Nations has called for an independent inquiry into the death of Palestinian Arafat Jaradat in Israeli custody
March 2013: 1 March: Gunfire in Gaza and clashes in the West Bank as Palestinians mark eight years of protests against separation wall - 4 March: Israel’s Palestinian-only buses draw accusations of segregation and apartheid - 6 March: Palestinian children detained by the Israeli military are subject to widespread, systematic ill-treatment that violates international law, a UNICEF report says - 7 March: Palestinian Mohammed Asfour shot in the head by Israel's military during protests in support of a hunger strike in the occupied West Bank two weeks ago dies of his wounds - 8 March: Israeli police, Palestinians clash at Jerusalem mosque - 11 March: Highway project to connect illegal Israeli settlements threatens to destroy Palestinian neighbourhood in Jerusalem - 13 March: Palestinian Mahmoud AlTiti killed and eight others wounded in Hebron after Israeli troops use live fire on protesters - 21 March 2013: On the second day of President Barack Obama's visit to the region, Gaza militants have fired two rockets at southern Israel, one exploding in the courtyard of a house in the border town of Sderot - 24 March: Hundreds of Israeli police dismantled a Palestinian protest camp on the outskirts of Jerusalem overnight
April 2013: 3 April 2013: After Palestinians launched three rockets at Israel, causing no damage or injuries, Israel launched air strikes (the first such attacks since an eight-day war in November), bombarding an open area in northern Gaza, causing no injuries - 4 April: Israeli troops shoot dead two Palestinians aged 17 and 18 in West Bank as confrontations enter a third day following the death of a Palestinian prisoner - 21 April: Israeli PM Netanyahu vowed Israel would 'exact a price' from the Gaza militants who fired missiles from Sinai at the southern resort city of Eilat on Wednesday - 26 April: Israeli troops break up Palestinian march toward West Bank settlement - 30 April: Israeli stabbed and killed by Palestinian in West Bank's Tapuach Junction - 30 April: The Israel Air Force kills Gaza militant in first targeted strike since Pillar of Defense in 2012
June 2013: 24 June: Israeli military aircraft struck targets in the Gaza Strip after rockets from the territory were launched at Israel, officials say
November 2013: 1 November: Five Israeli soldiers wounded in attack during operation to destroy a part of a tunnel network - 1 novembre: 4 combattants du Hamas tués lors de violents accrochages avec Israël, déclenchés par l'explosion de l'engin explosif - 7 November: A Palestinian man shot dead by Israeli forces after attacking Israelis with fireworks at a junction south of the West Bank city of Nablus - 8 November: Israeli border police shot dead a Palestinian at a checkpoint near Jerusalem, saying the man ran at a border police officer with a knife - 13 November: An Israeli soldier died after a Palestinian youth stabbed him on a bus at the Afula bus station - 14 November: Israeli warplanes bombed two targets in the Gaza Strip after Palestinian militants fired projectiles across the border - 19 November: Israel carried out four air strikes on the Gaza Strip in retaliation for rocket fire against southern Israel - 26 November; Israeli security forces killed two Palestinian militants after attempting to arrest them near the West Bank city of Hebron
December 2013: 7 décembre: Un Palestinien âgé de 15 ans a été tué par l'armée israélienne, lors d'un affrontement dans un camp de réfugiés près de Ramallah - 19 December: Israeli force kills Palestinian during military operation in West Bank - 24 December: Israeli Defense Ministry contract worker killed in Gaza border shooting, in separate incident, Israeli forces shoot Palestinian who approached security fence - 24 December: Israel launched a series of airstrikes Tuesday on targets in the Gaza Strip in retaliation for the deadly shooting of an Israeli civilian, killing at least two people, Hamas says - 26/27 December: After second rocket firing in 24 hours into southern Israel, Israel Air Force strikes Gaza targets, attacking a weapons manufacturing plant and a weapons storage facility according to Israeli military
March 2014: 3 March: One dead, two wounded in Israel Air Force strike on Gaza against group preparing to fire rockets into Israel - 5 March: Israel seizes ship in the Red Sea with medium-range missiles heading from Iran to Gaza as USA military was prepared to get involved in the seizure - 12 March: In response to a barrage of rockets that targeted southern Israel, Israel Air Force carried out strikes in the Gaza Strip Wednesday evening - 14 March: Nine rockets were launched from the Gaza Strip at Israel on Thursday despite an announcement of a cease-fire by the Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad - 16 March: Palestinian injures four Israeli border policemen, driving a stolen car into group of troops - 22 March: Israeli forces kill four Palestinians in Jenin refugee camp raid to capture a Hamas militant - 27 March: Arabs stab soldier, who is lightly wounded, in East Jerusalem and escape
14/15 June: IAF strikes Gaza after rockets fired from Gaza land in southern Israel - 15 June: Three Israeli teens were kidnapped by terrorist organization, Netanyahu says - 17 June: IAF strikes targets in Gaza in retaliation for rocket attack, Palestinian and two Israelis wounded in West Bank incidents as search for kidnapped students continues - 20 June: IDF soldier lightly wounded and Palestinian teen killed by IDF gunfire during clashes in West Bank - 22 June: Israeli troops reportedly shot dead a Palestinian man in Nablus in their operation to find abducted Israeli teenagers and clashes with stone-throwing Palestinian youths - 23 June: Protesters clash with Israeli, Palestinian forces - 23 June: Concerned by increase of Palestinian casualties and fearing more clashes, Israel's military will shift focus to intelligence gathering in West Bank operation to locate kidnapped teens - 23 June: Palestinians mock kidnapping in video - 23 June: Hamas chief Meshal congratulates the kidnapping of three Israeli teens, says prisoners must be freed from the 'prisons of the occupation' - 24 June: Iron Dome intercepts two rockets fired from Gaza at southern Israel, the fourth such interception since the kidnapping of the three Israeli teens 12 days ago - 25 June: A 3-year-old girl reportedly killed and three other people wounded, including two children, by one of the Kassam rockets exploding in the northern Gaza Strip when launched toward Israel - 25 June: Deal reached with Palestinians to call off administrative detainees' hunger strike is 'a grave mistake', kidnapped teens' families say - 26 June: Clashes after Palestinian shot by Israel Defense Forces dies of wounds - 27 June: Hamas militants named as West Bank kidnappers - 28 June: IDF strikes four targets in Gaza after Iron Dome intercepts two rockets over the Ashkelon area - 30 June: 15 Gaza rockets fired on Israel's south, two homes damaged by shrapnel in Negev
July 2014: 1 July: Israeli forces find bodies of three kidnapped teens, murdered shortly after kidnapping - 1 July: Following over 18 rockets fired at Israel since Sunday evening, Israeli jets strike 34 targets in Gaza Strip - 2 July: Israeli and Palestinian tensions mount after suspected revenge killing of a Palestinian teenager - 3 July: Israeli troops destroyed the family home of Hamas operative Ziad Awad, previously released in the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange, suspected of murdering a senior police officer on Passover eve - 3 July: One of Gaza rockets scores direct hit on house in Sderot, IAF responds to rockets with air strikes on Gaza targets, rocket fire from Gaza continues on Thursday morning - 4 July: Five rockets fired from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel early Friday morning, Israel-Hamas ceasefire expected - 5 July: Rockets and mortar shells from Gaza continued to batter Israel's south as Palestinians and police clash in East Jerusalem - 6 July: Barrage of rocket fire from Gaza hits Israel's South amid calls for Gaza operation - 6 July: A suspect arrested in connection with the murder of Jerusalem teen Muhammad Abu Khdeir reportedly confessed after being arrested Sunday, implicating a number of other suspects as well - 7 July: Palestinian protests and riots were reported in East Jerusalem neighborhoods, in Israel’s south, in Nazareth and in Nablus, where Palestinians tried to burn Joseph’s Tomb - 7 July: More rockets were fired into Israel's south, one soldier was wounded by shrapnel in the Eshkol Regional Council, Israeli airstrikes across the Gaza Strip killed nine Palestinian militants, two from Islamic Jihad and seven from Hamas when a tunnel collapsed on top of them, Hamas threatened to hit back - 7 July: Three Israelis arrested for the killing of a Palestinian teenager confess to the attack, an Israeli official says
Operation Protective Edge 8 July 2014 – Ongoing - 8 July: After barrage of at least 40 rockets hits deep inside Israel and Hamas threatens to target Tel Aviv, Israel pounds dozens of Gaza targets in major counteroffensive - 9 July: Israel's Iron Dome intercepts two Hamas rockets over Tel Aviv, as some 165 rockets have been fired at Israel over the last 24 hours - 9 July: Syrian-made M302 long-range rocket fired by Hamas at Hadera - 9 July: Terrorist groups in the Gaza Strip fired over 150 rockets into Israel, reaching farther into the country than ever before, and Israeli Air Force jets and Navy ships bombarded Hamas and Islamic Jihad targets - 9 July: Hamas attempted to hit the nuclear reactor in Dimona firing rockets, one intercepted - 10 July: Threatened Israeli towns now in rocket range from both directions, from Hamas and Hezbollah - 10 July: Fatah joins Hamas and Islamic Jihad in missile launches as armed wing linked to Mahmoud Abbas’s faction says it shot rockets at Ashkelon, Sderot and elsewhere - 10 July: While rocket fire from Gaza intensifies and rockets downed over Tel Aviv, many Palestinians killed and injured in Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip - 11 July: Rockets fired at Israel from Lebanon as attacks from Gaza continue, three persons hurt in Ashdod gas station strike, a woman dies on way to shelter after siren sounds in Haifa, several Palestinians killed in IAF airstrikes - 12 July: Hamas continues to fire rockets into Israel and the Palestinian death toll caused by Israeli airstrikes in Gaza reaches 107 - 12/13 July: Rockets from Lebanon at Israel's north, Gaza's police chief wounded and IDF special forces raid long-range rocket launching site in Gaza - 13 July: After rocket barrage on Tel Aviv area, an IDF response with airstrikes and commando raid, and as others towns and regions are attacked with rockets, Hamas rejects Egyptian ceasefire proposal - 14 July: IDF arrests Palestinians in the West Bank linked to Hamas in connection with the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers last month, as Gaza hospitals are reporting a dire shortage of medicine and equipment - 14 July: As Hamas rocket fire resumes, IDF strikes dozens of targets in Gaza, downs Hamas drone over Ashdod - 14 July 2014: Rockets fired at Israel from southern Lebanon, drawing retaliatory artillery fire from Israeli forces, in the third such rocket attack from Lebanon since Friday - 14/15 July: Egypt proposes Tuesday ceasefire - 15 July: Israel accepts Egyptian ceasefire proposal, Hamas rejects deal as the Arab League, the USA and PA leader Mahmoud Abbas urge approval and as rockets hit Eilat - 15 July: After Hamas rejects ceasefire, rockets rain down on Israel setting off sirens in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Beit Shemesh and Israeli civilian volunteer Dror Chanin killed at Erez crossing - 16 July: Hamas rockets shot down over Tel Aviv, IDF warns Gazans of heavy air raids and planes strike homes of Hamas leaders - 17 July: Israel, Hamas accept temporary 5-hour ceasefire set to start at 10 a.m. Thursday - 17 July: IDF thwarts major cross-border attack ahead of humanitarian truce, Israel and Palestinian teams in Cairo for ceasefire contacts - 17/18 July: After Hamas, which failed with a pre-dawn terror attack from a tunnel near a border kibbutz, fired rockets into Israel throughout the day, Israel launches major ground offensive against Hamas - 18 July: IDF soldier Eitan Barak and 14 Hamas fighters reportedly killed in Gaza operation as large numbers of troops tackling Hamas tunnels and its infrastructure - 18 July: Hamas, that rejected ceasefire yesterday, and Gaza militants fire rockets barrage at Israel's south, center and Coastal Plain - 19 July: IDF continues ground offensive after uncovering 13 terror tunnels, as more Hamas rockets target Israel and Abbas speaks to Kerry about need for ceasefire as soon as possible - 20 July: After two soldiers killed in raid and more rockets fired from Gaza on Saturday, Israel's army expands anti-tunnel operation - 20 July: Hamas rockets are targeting Israel, an Israeli civilian killed by a rocket that struck near Dimona in southern Israel, more victims on both sides - 21 July: Kerry heads to Cairo for ceasefire bid, as Israel names soldiers killed in heavy fighting in Hamas stronghold of Shejaiya - 21 July: Israeli casualties as IDF thwarts tunnel attacks from Gaza - 22 July: A 25-year-old Israeli man is in serious condition after being shot in the West Bank by a Palestinian gunman, in a suspected terrorist attack - 22 July: As more rockets fired at central Israel, striking greater Tel Aviv, Ashdod schoolyard, causing damage to Yehud home, and as Hamas still trying to carry out attacks in Israel through tunnels, more Israelis and Palestinians victims of conflict escalated by Hamas - 22 July: For the second time in less than a week, Hamas rockets have been found in a school in Gaza operated by the UNRWA - 22/23 July: UN’s Ban in Tel Aviv condemns rocket fire and calls for return to talks, but Hamas is still trying to carry out attacks in Israel through tunnels, rockets are still being fired and Israel's Protective Edge continues - 23 July 2014: UN's Ban Ki-moon is 'alarmed' to hear that rockets placed in UN-run school in Gaza now 'have gone missing', demanding a full review - 24 July: As death toll in the Gaza/Israel conflict rises, officials indicate that ceasefire may take time - 24 July 2014: Parents in Gaza and Israel do not want their children to grow up to kill or be killed in a senseless war that has no end - 24 July: More than a dozen Palestinians killed when UNRWA school in Beit Hanoun hit by a projectile - 25 July: Iron Dome intercepts rocket over Eilat - 25 July: Two Palestinians killed and about 200 wounded in West Bank clashes, as USA's John Kerry presents new cease-fire proposal and Hamas and Israel will respond today - 26 July: After more Israelis and Palestinians died and also West Bank violence continued to escalate, 12-hour humanitarian truce in effect until 8 pm - 26 July: USA's John Kerry in Paris to meet with European foreign ministers to promote a cease-fire in Gaza - 26 July: Israeli official says, that Israel agrees to extend Gaza cease-fire by four hours, three rockets fired at Israel just after 8 p.m., not clear if Hamas agrees to extension - 26/27 July: As Israel agrees to extend ceasefire until midnight on Sunday at request of UN, truce in peril after Hamas resumes its attacks on Israel, firing rockets and later rejecting Israel's offer to extend a humanitarian cease-fire - 27 July: IDF resumes naval, air strikes after hours of rocket fire from Gaza - 27 July: Hamas reportedly in talks to buy missiles from North Korea - 28 July: After Israeli and PA criticism of John Kerrys handling of the Gaza crisis UN security council agrees on demand for Gaza cease-fire, but Hamas rocket fire continues - 29 July: As John Kerry now says that disarmament of Hamas and all terrorist groups needs to be part of any framework that ends the current conflict, more rockets fired at Tel Aviv and central Israel, intense Israeli bombing reported and more victims on both sides - 30 July: Rockets fired at Israel, heavy fighting reported in Gaza City, as Hamas military chief says no halt without lifting blockade and Israeli troops destroy 3 tunnels and military facilities, discover weapons, maps and explosives - 30 July: Video showing Hamas gunmen emerging from a tunnel, infiltrating an Israeli army base and killing five soldiers, demonstrates why Gaza operation must go on, Israeli officials say - 30 July: In Israel, 79-year-old Holocaust survivor worries about her Gazan daughter - 30 July: Hamas launches rockets at Tel Aviv area, rockets intercepted over Ashkelon, Ashdod, sirens sounds in Rishon LeZion and Rehovot - 30 July 2014: As Israeli cities targeted by waves of Palestinian rockets and the seek-and-destroy mission of locating and eradicating Hamas network of tunnels revealed to extend deep into Israeli territory, there is a fighting over casualty lists and images - 30 July 2914: Three Israeli soldiers were killed and 15 injured in an explosion at a booby-trapped UNRWA 'health clinic' in Gaza's Khan Yunis that housed the opening of a Hamas tunnel for terrorist attacks on Israel - 30 July: Jerusalem area comes under rocket fire after quiet week - 31 July: In a relatively quiet night three rockets were fired at the Eshkol and Sha'ar HaNegev regional councils, a grad rocket was fired at Be'er Sheva on Thursday morning - 31 July: An Israeli delegation spent several hours in Cairo discussing Egypt’s efforts to broker a cease-fire in the Gaza Strip
August 2014: 1 August 2014: Israel and Hamas agree to a 72-hour humanitarian ceasefire beginning Friday, IDF will still tackle tunnels, Israeli and Palestinian teams will go to Cairo for talks on a more durable truce - 1 August: UN condemns Hamas truce violation (killing two Israeli soldiers and abducting a third), Obama calls for unconditional release of captured Israeli soldier Hadar Goldin, 90 rockets fired at Israel, several Israelis hurt by mortar fire, ongoing IDF strikes at Hamas targets in Gaza and tunnel demolitions - 2 August: Gazan terrorists launched rockets at Israel's largest population centers in the Tel Aviv metropolitan area early Saturday morning, rocket sirens heard in Tel Aviv, Bnei Brak, Givat Shmuel, Givatayim, Ramat Gan, Givat Hashlosha, Gat, Rimon, Kfar Sirkin, Petah Tikva, Ra'anana, and Iron Dome intercepts more rockets - 2 August: Rocket barrage fired at central Israel, Israel bombards Gaza as it searches for missing soldier Hadar Goldin - 2 August: Finnish reporter admits Gaza rockets launched from hospital - 3 August: Soldier Hadar Goldin is dead, not kidnapped, IDF says - 3 August: Army will redeploy according to Israel’s security needs once last tunnels demolished, Israeli PM Netanyahu says as more Hamas rockets are fired at Israel - 3 August: Israeli army confirmed the death of missing soldier Lieutenant Hadar Goldin: 'What we know for sure was that one suicide bomber and at least three or four other gunmen came out of a tunnel. One blew himself up, killing two on the spot, and the others were shooting — they grabbed Hadar and snatched him down into the tunnel. Only in the aftermath, with the forensic investigation, were we able to conclude that he was killed,' the army says - 4 August: Pulling most troops from Gaza Israel declares 7-hour truce for Monday, but rocket fire at Israel's south persists - 4 August: Pedestrian Avraham Walz killed and six people injured in excavator terror attack in Jerusalem - 5 August: An Israeli soldier seriously wounded when he was shot in the stomach at a bus stop in Jerusalem by a man who fled on a motorbike - 4/5 August: Israel, Hamas agree to Egypt proposal for 72-hour truce, officials in Cairo for talks on long-term deal after military says all tunnels from Gaza into Israel destroyed - 5 August: Israeli army pulls out of Gaza as ceasefire begins - 5 August: According to Gaza officials, 1,867 Palestinians were killed, including 750-1000 Hamas, Islamic Jihad and other militants, IDF says, adding that Hamas and Islamic Jihad launched 3,356 rockets during the course of the war - 5 August: Israel arrests suspected Hamas-linked ringleader of cell that murdered teens in June - 5 August: An Indian TV-reporter witnessed and filmed a Hamas rocket silo being created under a tent right next to the hotel where the TV-team was staying, and minutes later the rocket being fired - 6 August: Egypt government reportedly pushing for Palestinian Authority to manage Gaza rehabilitation and Rafah crossing - 6 August: Suspected head of the terror cell that killed Israelis in June tells interrogators that money for attack came from Gaza's Hamas - 7 August: Israel agrees to ceasefire extension, Hamas does not, gives up on immediate demand for airport, seaport but threatening to renew rocket fire - 7 August: Gaza archbishop admits Greek Orthodox compound, which sheltered hundreds of Palestinians during shelling, used by Hamas as launching site firing rockets from church - 8 August 2014: As Gaza rocket fire on Israel continues, Hamas spokesman Abu Zuhri says his organization rejects a ceasefire extension deal but will continue negotiations - 8 August: Dozens of rockets fired at Israel as Hamas ends ceasefire, IDF hits back - 9 August: Due to Hamas rockets talks on new ceasefire in Cairo remain deadlocked - 9 August: 70 rockets fired at Israel since Friday, IDF warns Hamas of continued strikes - 10 August 2014: Israeli government says no negotiations under fire as rocket fire on Israel continues, as Hamas says it will quit Cairo and Gazans in addition to hundreds of victims, destruction and unemployment struggle with rising prices - 10 August: Israel agrees to 72-hour ceasefire with Hamas to begin at midnight - 11 August: After massive rocket fire on Israel's south on Sunday, Gaza ceasefire steady as Israeli delegates said to arrive in Cairo - 12 August: Israel reportedly sees another 72 hours needed to reach a 2014 deal with Hamas, as Egypt says it will not discuss Rafah crossing with Palestinians until long-term truce - 13 August: After new Egyptian ceasefire proposal, that would ease but not lift blockade of Gaza and postpone Israeli calls for Hamas to disarm to later negotiations, Cairo ceasefire talks to resume - 13/14 August: After Israel and Hamas agreed to extend ceasefire by five days tenuous new truce appears to hold - 15 August: Hamas officials reportedly say group interested in long-term ceasefire - 15 August: Draft terms for long-term Gaza truce revealed in Egyptian newspaper, including agreements to open border crossings and to deploy PA security forces in the Strip - 17 August: After Gaza rulers threaten Israel with war of attrition and Abbas urges defiant Hamas to accept ceasefire terms, Israel and Hamas envoys expected back in Cairo to resume ceasefire talks - 18 August: Egypt looking to extend truce as Abbas expected in Cairo and Israel braces for rockets Monday night - 19 August: Cairo talks ongoing after 24-hour extension of Israel-Gaza truce - 20 August: After Hamas ended truce and as its rocket fire renews with sunrise, Israel confirms attempted hit on Hamas commander Muhammad Deif - 26 August: Talks in Cairo lead to long-term ceasefire accord, though central demands of both sides postponed for later negotiations
September 2014: 10 September: Palestinian killed by Israeli fire during West Bank clash - 10/11 September: Israel's Military Advocate General instructed the Military Police to open criminal investigations into five Gaza war cases in which the IDF is suspected of violating international law - 12 September: Two weeks after the end of the Gaza war even Hamas acknowledges its forces fired rockets from civilian areas - 16 September: 2014 war left four million tons of rubble in Gaza, says environmental group - 16 September: Gaza mortar shell lands in Israel for first time since cease-fire - 16 September: Israel and Palestinians reach Gaza reconstruction deal under UN supervision - 23 September: Two main Palestinian suspects behind the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teens on June 12 killed during capture attempt
October 2014: 12 octobre: La communauté internationale va tenter au Caire de réunir 4 milliards de dollars réclamés par l'Autorité palestinienne pour la reconstruction de la bande de Gaza, dévastée par la guerre - 13 October: Donor conference in Cairo pledges $5.4 billion in Gaza aid - 17 October: A Palestinian boy was shot and killed by Israeli soldiers when he threw a firebomb at a unit leaving the village of Beit Liqia - 23 October: A three-month old baby was killed in Jerusalem and eight other people wounded when Palestinian Al-Shaludi's speeding car drove onto a pavement crowded with pedestrians - 23 October: Violence in capital continues as Palestinians hurl stones at kindergarten in east Jerusalem - 23/24 October: Hamas calls for escalation of violence in Jeruslaem, as two men werde injured in Tel Aviv stabbing - 25 October: Palestinian-American teen killed by IDF gunfire during West Bank clashes - 26 October: Assailants throw stones at Jerusalem Light Rail near Beit Hanina - 27 October: Karen Yemima Mosquera, who died of her wounds sustained during Wednesday terrorist attack in Jerusalem, was laid to rest before dawn on Monday - 27 October: Firebombs were thrown at a police force in east Jerusalem's Silwan neighborhood Monday night - 29 October: Yehuda Glick, an advocate for greater Jewish access to Temple Mount, seriously wounded in a witnessed drive-by shooting by an Arab man outside the Menachem Begin Heritage Center in Jerusalem - 30 October: Palestinian Muatnaz Hijazi, suspected of shooting Yehuda Glick, opened fire on Israeli forces who arrived at his home to arrest him and was shot dead - 31 October: Police were set to reopen the Temple Mount to visitors on Friday, despite calls from Fatah to hold a 'day of rage' in Jerusalem and the West Bank
November/December 2014: 1 November: Clashes in West Bank as flashpoint mosque in Jerusalem reopens - 1 November: Gaza rocket or mortar shell fired at Israel, second since Operation Protective Edge, no damage reported - 5 November: A Border Police officer killed and 13 people wounded when the car of Ibrahim al-Akri from Shoafat hits pedestrians in a Jerusalem terror attack - 7 November: Jerusalem vehicular attack claims second victim 17-year-old Shalom Badani - 18 November: Rabbi Moshe Twersky, Americans and a Briton killed in Jerusalem synagogue terror attack - 1 December: A Palestinian woman stabbed an Israeli civilian in the Etzion bloc of Jewish settlements near Jerusalem and was then shot and wounded by security forces - 4 December: After stabbing at his West Bank store, supermarket owner Levy calls on public not to be deterred, so assailants don’t achieve their goals - 11 December: Conflicting accounts of Israeli and Palestinian officials over the results of an autopsy on Palestinian minister Ziad Abu Ein who died at a West Bank protest - 12 December: Israeli family attacked with acid in West Bank - 16 December: Palestinian killed in early morning clash with IDF troops attacked during arrest operation in Qalandiya refugee camp - 19 December: A third rocket fired from Gaza since the end of the 50-day war in August hit southern Israel, without causing casualties or damage, Israeli police says - 20 December: IDF identifies four rocket launch tests from Gaza into sea in past 24 hours - 20 December: Following earlier rocket fire IDF aircraft strike targets Hamas terror infrastructure in the southern Gaza Strip - 24 December: After Palestinian snipers opened fire at troops guarding construction work at the security fence near the southern Gaza Strip and wounded an IDF soldier seriously, IDF responded with tank and aircraft fire and killed Hamas Al-Qassam Brigades' Taysr Asmiri - 26 December: 11-year-old Ayala Shapira in serious condition after vehicle hit by Molotov cocktail outside Ma’ale Shomron settlement - 26 December: Two Border Police officers were stabbed and lightly hurt near the Old City’s Lions Gate in East Jerusalem Friday morning - 27 December: Palestinian men behind Ma’ale Shomron firebombing confess to carrying out attack, Shin Bet says - 29 December: An Israeli, entering Hebron, gets beaten and robbed - 30 December: IDF returns fire at Palestinian vehicle, injuring two - 31 December: Palestinian Kawasme convicted of masterminding summer abduction and murder of Israelis near Hebron
January-June 2015: 3 January: Three Palestinians reportedly injured during clashes with Israeli settlers and IDF troops near Nablus - 6 January: The mastermind behind the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers in June 2014 sentenced to three life terms in prison - 21 January 2015: Several people injured in knife attack on Tel Aviv bus leaving at least four in serious condition, before suspected Palestinian attacker was shot and captured and as Hamas official praises terror attack, calling it 'a brave and heroic act' - 31 January: A Palestinian man shot dead by Israeli army troops when two men throw firebombs at cars near Yitzhar, south of Nablus - 9 February: After weapons and explosives cache found in underground passage leading from Gaza into Israel, IDF destroys 2014 discovered Gaza tunnel - 13 February 2015: Examining 247 airstrikes that hit residential compounds, out of the some 5,000 Israeli strikes during Gaza war 2014, AP report finds that 508 of those dead - just over 60 percent - were children, women and older men, all presumed to be civilians - 22 February: A Jewish man stabbed in the stomach by a Palestinian assailant near the entrance to the Old City of Jerusalem is reportedly in moderate condition - 24 February: One Palestinian killed and one soldier wounded in clash with Israeli army near Bethlehem - 24 February: Hamas warns it could 'surprise' Israel more than last Gaza war - 25 February: A mosque in a village near Bethlehem was set alight early Wednesday morning and anti-Arab graffiti was daubed on it walls, no reports of injuries - 6 March: Five people including policewomen wounded in a terror attack in Jerusalem by an assailant wielding an iron rod who first plowed his car into a crowd - 26 March: Citing indiscriminate fire and use of civilians for cover during fighting, rights group says also armed Palestinian organizations committed war crimes during the 2014 Gaza-Israel conflict - 26 March: 20-year-old Palestinian Ali Mahmoud Safi who was seriously injured in clashes with IDF troops near Ramallah last week died of his wounds - 8 April: An Israeli national suffered stab wounds in Shiloh in the northern West Bank after a Palestinian assailant attacked him with a knife - 16 April: Man killed, woman badly injured in possible Jerusalem car attack under investigation by police - 19 April: Second victim Shira Klein of Wednesday’s apparent terror attack in Jerusalem still in serious but stable condition - 24 April: Israel fires at Gaza site after rocket strike - 25 April: 16-year-old Palestinian shot dead in attempt to stab a border police officer at a checkpoint near Ma’aleh Adumim - 27 April: Palestinian Koutineh indicted for killing Israeli Shalom Sherki and attempted murder of Shira Klein in Jerusalem car-ramming on April 15 - 28 April: 18-year-old Palestinian, who was shot by Israeli troops while trying to cross the security barrier in the northern West Bank, died of his injuries - 15 May 2015: Palestinian 'Nakba Day' protests in Jerusalem, Gaza, Lebanon mark the 'catastrophe' of the establishment of Israel in 1948, in West Bank at least 17 Palestinians wounded in clashes with IDF - 18 May: Israel's 'Jerusalem Day' ends in clashes with Palestinians - 20 May: Palestinian Amran Abu Dhaim, who plowed his vehicle into a group of border policemen in Jerusalem, reportedly had Hamas ties and was related to the gunman responsible for an attack in 2008 that killed eight Jewish students - 24 May: Two Israeli teens stabbed and injured by a Palestinian suspect near Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate - 27 May: After rocket attack, Israeli jets strike targets in Gaza Strip - 4 June 2015: Israeli planes strike Gaza after rockets hit south and as Salafist group takes responsibility for rocket fire - 7 June: Israeli jets hit Gaza in retaliation for rocket attack on southern Israel - 10 June: A Palestinian man claimed by Hamas as a member was shot and killed by Israeli security forces, after he attempted to hurl a bomb at troops in the Jenin refugee camp - 11 June 2015: Rocket shot from Gaza toward Ashkelon region in fresh attack, as Israel's army says there were indications the rocket had hit a house inside the strip - 12 June 2015: Israeli army ends probe into strike that killed four Gaza children in July 2014 - 14 June: Palestinian man, suspected of throwing a Molotov cocktail at the IDF soldiers, killed their jeep flips near Ramallah - 14 June: Two police officers lightly hurt when car rams into patrol on Herzog street and cop lightly wounded in East Jerusalem riot - 19/20 June 2015: Hamas linked group asserting responsibility for killing of Danny Gonen from Lod on Friday is named after terrorists who murdered 3 Israeli teens last summer - 21 June: Israeli border policeman critically wounded in a stabbing attack at the Damascus Gate in Jerusalem, but managed to shoot the attacker before collapsing - 24 June: An Israeli farmer who was found badly beaten in a field in central Israel, allegedly by Palestinians who were in Israel illegally, succumbed to his injuries hours later - 29 June: Female Israeli soldier wounded in Bethlehem stabbing attack - 29 June: Four Israelis injured in suspected drive-by shooting near Shvut Rachel West Bank settlement - 30 June 2015: Malachi Moshe Rosenfeld wounded in West Bank terror shooting dies in Jerusalem hospital
July–December 2015 List of violent incidents in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict: July–December 2015 List of violent incidents in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
July 2015: 3 July 2015: Palestinian stone-thrower killed by IDF troops near the Qalandiya checkpoint between Jerusalem and Ramallah - 6 July 2015: A year after the war, Gaza grieves for its child casualties - 9 July 2015: Hamas holding 2 Israelis captive in Gaza for months - 15 July 2015: A Palestinian assailant, a teenage girl, stabbed an Israeli soldier, outside the Israeli settlement of Nahliel in the West Bank - 16 July 2015: After Gaza rocket hits area near southern city of Ashkelon, Israel's air force strikes hours later in response - 20 July: Palestinians freed in Shalit deal in 2011 killed six Israelis since 2014 - 23 July: IDF soldiers kill Palestinian Falah Abu Maria during arrest raid in the village of Beit Omar - 26 July: Palestinian rioters attack police on Temple Mount, wounding several with rocks, Molotov cocktails with the intention of attacking thousands of Jewish worshipers gathered nearby for prayers to commemorate the destruction of the first and second Jewish Temples - 27 July: A Palestinian youth fell to his death from a roof after he was shot by Israeli soldiers who were attempting to arrest him in Qalandia
August 2015: 1 August 2015: Hamas blamed the Israeli government for the the deadly arson attack in Douma on Friday, and called for a 'fitting response' from Palestinians - 1 August 2015: Palestinian killed by IDF fire in the West Bank, another said to be killed in north Gaza approaching border fence with Israel in protest at deadly West Bank arson attack - 2 August: Slain baby’s grandfather Hussein Dawabsha hopes he was 'the last casualty of this terror war', saying he helped build the Israeli hospital where his daughter is fighting for her life after Molotov cocktail attack - 2 August: Two rockets fired from Gaza, land near border fence - 3 August: Three people injured in a Jerusalem firebombing attack on an Israeli car Monday night - 7 August: After a rocket shot from Gaza landed in Israel, Israeli planes struck a Hamas military facility in the central Gaza Strip - 8 August: Saad Dawabsha, the father of Palestinian baby killed in Duma arson attack, dies of injuries - 9 August: Israeli man lightly wounded in stabbing north of Jerusalem, assailant killed - 10 August: Israeli Yehuda Ben Moyal who was stabbed multiple times by a Palestinian terrorist in gas station attack says Arab onlookers didn’t help him - 15 August: IDF soldier lightly wounded in stabbing north of Jerusalem, Palestinian attacker shot and wounded at scene - 19 August: An explosive device was detonated on the Tunnel Bypass Road in Jerusalem, moderately wounding an Israeli soldier - 27 August: After Gaza rocket explodes in Eshkol region, Israel's air force targets Hamas' weapons facility - 30 August: An Israeli resident of the West Bank injured in drive-by shooting attack by unknown assailants
September 2015: 1 September 2015: Rocket fired from Gaza lands on Palestinian side of the border - 1 September 2015: Israeli officer wounded in shootout with Palestinians in Jenin - 7 September: Riham Dawabsha is the third member of her family to succumb to injuries from July arson attack, only 5-year-old Ahmed survives - 9 September: Shots fired at Israeli woman in an apparent drive-by shooting south of Nablus, woman was treated for shock - 13 September: Clashes between Palestinians and police rock temple mount on eve of Rosh Hashanah - 14 September: Clashes resume at Temple Mount after day of violence, arrests following operation that led to discovery of pipe bombs at the site - 14 September: An Israeli man died after sustaining critical wounds in a car crash in Jerusalem late Sunday night, which police suspect may have been caused by stone throwing - 15 September: After protesters in al-Aqsa Mosque hurl stones at access point to Temple Mount, police enters the compound clashing for third day - 15 September: Stones thrown by Palestinians, injuring an Israel soldier near Nablus, in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Shuafat, and a Molotov cocktail thrown at an Israeli vehicle near Alon Moreh - 16 September: In Israel, more Jewish holy sites desecrated than Christian, Muslim ones combined, Common Ground study says, documenting religious violence since 2011 - 16 September: A rocket fired from the Gaza Strip at Israel early Wednesday fell short of the border and landed in the Palestinian coastal territory - 17 September: Bus attacked with stones by Palestinians as it was driving through East Jerusalem’s Ras al-Amud neighborhood and set ablaze, driver flees bus after being attacked with stones - 18 September: Iron Dome intercepts Gaza rocket over Ashkelon, hours after a similar attack near a residential area of Sderot causing some damage to property, several people needed treatment for shock - 19 September: Following rocket fire late Friday at cities in southern Israel, Israeli jets bombed targets in the northern Gaza Strip early Saturday morning - 20 September: Israeli motorists pelted with stones in several West Bank areas - 21 September: An IDF soldier wounded after his unit was attacked by rocks and Molotov cocktails throwing Palestinians near the Tomb of Joseph outside the West Bank city of Nablus - 21 September: A rocket was fired into southern Israel's Ashkelon region from Gaza Strip early Monday morning, causing neither injury nor damage - 22 September: After attempting to stab an Israeli soldier in Hebron a Palestinian woman was shot and injured, hours after suspected teenage terrorist blows himself up near Hebron - 27 September: On last day of Eid al-Adha, rocks and firecrackers thrown at Israeli security forces, as police clash with Palestinians on Temple Mount in fresh violence - 28 September: Firebombs, rocks hurled at police on Temple Mount as rioting renews - 30 September: Israel strikes Gaza in response to rocket fire
October 2015: 1 October: A woman and her 6-month-old baby were lightly wounded when their car was pelted with rocks by Palestinians south of Jerusalem - 2 October 2015: Fatah armed wing claims responsibility for terror attack that killed Eitam and Naama Henkin, while they were driving home with their four children near Itamar - 3 October: Two Israeli men died of their wounds after being stabbed in Jerusalem’s Old City in a terror attack, as one man’s wife was in serious condition and their two-year-old baby was lightly wounded - 4 October: In second attack, Israeli teen stabbed near Jerusalem’s Old City reportedly in moderate condition, assaulting Palestinian Israeli shot dead by police - 4 October: After four people killed, several wounded in multiple terror attacks, Israel decides to prohibit Palestinians from entering site of Temple Mount - 5 October: 'I yelled 'please help me!' and they just spat at me', says Adele Banita of the surrounding Palestinian shopkeepers whom she said looked on and did nothing as Palestinian Halabi attacked her family in the Old City, giving account of terror assault in which her husband Aharon and Old City resident Nehemia Lavi were murdered - 5 October: An 18-year-old Palestinian was shot dead by Israeli forces in clashes near the West Bank city of Tulkarem - 5 October: After missiles launched from Palestinian territory and one exploded in Eshkol region, Israeli aircraft struck 'a Hamas terror site in the northern Gaza Strip' - 5 October: 5-man Hamas cell that killed Naama and Eitam Henkin arrested - 5 October: Third Palestinian youth said killed in clashes with IDF - 7 October: Israeli woman injured in a wave of West Bank rock throwing and other attacks - 7 October: A Palestinian woman stabbed an Israeli man in the Old City of Jerusalem on Wednesday morning and was then shot at the scene - 8 October: Israeli soldier moderately injured in Afula in fourth Palestininan stabbing of day, as crowds in Afula at the scene attacked a Channel 2 TV crew broadcasting, as nine police hurt during fighting in Shuafat refugee camp, as confounding Arab League condemns 'aggressive and racist Israeli practices', and as USA's State Department says Palestinian stabbings are 'acts of terror' - 9 October: Several people - Israelis and Palestinians - dead or wounded as violence continues in Israel and Palestinian territories - 10 October: More injured and dead people as riots and clashes between Palestinians and police continue - 10 October: Rocket from Gaza hits southern Israel - 11 October: Rock throwing incidents continue into the night - 11 October: Israel's Iron Dome anti-missile defense system shot down a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip over the Hof Ashkelon region in southern Israel Saturday night - 11 October: Following rocket attacks at Israeli towns, Israeli jets bomb two Hamas installations in Gaza - 11 October: Palestinian woman seriously injured after detonating a bomb in her car near Ma’ale Adumim outside Jerusalem, wounding police officer - 12 October: Gaza cleric Muhammad Sallah, brandishing knife during Friday sermon, calls on young men in West Bank to form 'stabbing squads' to stab Jews - 12 October: Tensions between Israel and the Palestinians continue as four Israelis were stabbed by an Israeli Arab assailant in northern Israel on Sunday evening and as an assailant tried to stab a border policeman in Jerusalem before being shot by security forces on Monday morning - 13 October: Terrorists open fire and stab people on bus in Armon Hanatziv, run car into pedestrians in center of capital, more injured in separate knife attacks in central town of Ra’anana, as violence in Israel and Palestinian territories reportedly continues - 14 October: Army units to bolster Israeli police forces following multiple terror attacks in Jerusalem and Central Israel - 15 October: Israel releases photos of hospitalized Palestinian boy Abbas claimed was 'executed', but was injured after taking part in a stabbing attack in Jerusalem - 15 October: 13-year-old Palestinian Ahmed who allegedly took part in a stabbing spree in which an Israeli his age was critically wounded Monday, and who PA President Mahmoud Abbas claimed was killed in cold blood by Israeli police, reportedly admitted Thursday to carrying out the attack in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Pisgat Zeev - 16 October: Palestinian rioters set fire to Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus - 16 October: Amid ongoing violence Israeli police limits access to Temple Mount for Friday prayers to men over the age of 40 and women - 17 October: In the string of Palestinian stabbing attacks, assailant critically wounded by his would-be victim - 17 October: In the second such incident in less than an hour a Palestinian man was shot dead after he tried to stab Border Police officers in Jerusalem’s Armon Hanatziv neighborhood on Saturday morning - 18 October: Jews attacked at Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus by Palestinian police, extracted by IDF - 18 October: Hamas praises 'quality' terror attack in Beersheba, that left an IDF soldier dead and several more people injured - 20 October: IDF officer lightly injured in West Bank stabbing and an Israeli wounded near Hebron when Palestinian hurled objects at his car, as incitement and violence continues - 21 October: Israeli injured in suspected West Bank car-ramming attack - 22 October: Attacks on Wednesday left six Israelis injured by car rammings, one by stabbing and rockets fired from Gaza land in open area, as Hamas chief Mashaal says in South Africa that attacks on Israelis will go on - 23 October: Israeli soldier stabbed in West Bank, hits assailant in the knee as violence continues amid renewed calls for restraint - 25 October: One person injured in West Bank stabbing attack outside settlement of Metzad south of Jerusalem, after exiting his car when it was pelted with stones - 25 October: A Palestinian man stabbed an Israeli at a bus stop on the side of a West Bank highway near the settlement of Ariel, as Hamas’s chief Haniyeh declared Sunday that 'no power in the world' would be able to stop the ongoing surge in Palestinian violence against Israel - 25 October: Rabbi Haim Rothman, who was in a coma since terror attack that killed 5 others last year, died of his wounds on Saturday - 26 October: An Israeli soldier reportedly wounded in stabbing attack near the Beit Einun junction, north of Hebron, attacker shot and killed - 26 October: IAF strikes Gaza after rocket hits southern Israel - 27 October: Richard Lakin, who was critically injured in a terror attack on a bus in Jerusalem’s Armon Hanatziv neighborhood two weeks ago, succumbed to his wounds at the Hadassah Ein Kerem hospital - 29 October: Palestinian assailant shot and killed by security forces, after IDF soldier lightly wounded in Hebron stabbing - 30 October: Two Palestinians attempt stabbing attack in West Bank - 30 October: An eight-month-old Palestinian baby has died after inhaling teargas inside his family home in Beit Fajjar south of Bethlehem, on another day of killings and clashes in the West Bank - 31 October: A Palestinian armed with a knife trying to stab Israeli guards at a crossing near Jenin was shot dead
November 2015: 2 November 2015: One Palestinian killed, another arrested near checkpoint north of Jenin, in a second suspected stabbing attempt in three days - 3 November: Four Israelis stabbed in separate attacks, Palestinian attacker dead as violence spikes - 8 November 2015: Five Israelis including a pregnant woman were wounded in West Bank car-ramming and stabbing attacks, two of them seriously in the car-ramming attack at Tapuah Junction, assailants were shot - 8 November 2015: A 19-year-old Border Policeman who was critically wounded in a vehicular attack last week in the West Bank died of his wounds - 9 November 2015: Israel strikes Hamas site in Gaza after rocket attack - 10 November: Two Arab teens stab Jerusalem light rail guard in Pisgat Ze’ev - 12 November: Undercover Israeli troops raid Hebron hospital and kill a Palestinian during an attempt to detain another man suspected of carrying out a stabbing - 14 November: An Israeli father and son were shot dead in an apparent ambush near Hebron Friday on a day that also saw three Palestinians die after being shot by Israeli soldiers - 16 November: Israeli troops shot dead at least two Palestinians during a confrontation in Qalandia near Ramallah - 18 November 2015: Gaza rocket fire prompts IDF retaliatory strike - 19 November: Five people have been killed and up to a dozen injured in two attacks by Palestinians in Tel Aviv and the Gush Etzion bloc of settlements in the occupied West Bank - 22 November: Four Israelis were stabbed and wounded in the southern city of Kiryat Gat on Saturday while violence continued to roil the West Bank - 22 November: A Palestinian girl from Nablus tried to stab Israelis and was fatally run down by a Jewish settler in the West Bank on Sunday while, in a second incident a Palestinian was shot dead after an attempted attack - 22 novembre: Une Israélienne a succombé à ses blessures dimanche après avoir été poignardée par un Palestinien en Cisjordanie occupée - 23 November: On Monday morning a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council - 23 November: On Monday morning two people injured in a stabbing attack near Jerusalem’s Mahane Yehuda market, security forces shoot both assailants, killing one - 25 November: Israeli soldier seriously injured in Hebron-area stabbing attack, assailant dies after being shot during attack - 26 November: A Palestinian man tried to stab security forces at a checkpoint near Tapuah and was shot and killed during the attack - 26 November: 11-year-old Palestinian boy, who stabbed train guard in the head, says he 'wanted to die a martyr' - 27 November: Six Israeli soldiers were wounded in a second car-ramming attack at the entrance to the village of Beit Ummar - 29 November: Israeli border police shot dead a Palestinian who stabbed an officer in Jerusalem on Sunday - 30 November: Israeli police shot dead a Palestinian teenager in Jerusalem on Sunday night after a day of violence in the city left two people wounded and an attacker killed - 30 November: Two Jewish minors were found guilty on Monday of the 2014 murder of Palestinian teenager Mohammed Abu Khudair in Jerusalem
December 2015: 1 December: Palestinian woman shot dead as she tries to stab an IDF officer at Einav Junction - 3 December: Two Israelis hurt in shooting north of Jerusalem, attacker shot dead at Hizme checkpoint - 3 December: Israel says suspects arrested over July arson attack on a Palestinian home in Duma - 4 December: Three Palestinians were reported injured in an Israeli artillery strike on the Gaza Strip Friday morning - 8 December: Palestinian killed during clash with Israeli soldiers in Bethlehem - 11 December: Palestinian driver killed as he attempts to ram soldiers north of Hebron - 14 December: Israeli jets targeted 2 Hamas posts in the Gaza Strip, hours after a rocket fired from the territory exploded in Israel - 15 December: The terrorist who carried out a car-ramming attack, that injured 14 people, including a baby, in Jerusalem on Monday was a member of Hamas - 16 décembre: Deux Palestiniens ont lancé leurs voitures contre des soldats israéliens lors d'une opération de l'armée dans un camp de réfugiés près de Ramallah et sont tués - 17 December: West Bank stabbing attempt thwarted by Israeli soldiers outside Nablus - 20 December: A Palestinian woman attempting to stab a policeman in Hebron on Sunday morning shot by security forces - 22 December: Israeli soldiers arrest knife-wielding Palestinian woman in Hebron - 22 December: In suspected extremist attack smoke grenades thrown into home near Ramallah where a Palestinian couple and their 9-month-old baby boy were sleeping - 23 December: At least three Israelis wounded, one critically, in a stabbing attack Wednesday at the Old City’s Jaffa Gate in Jerusalem - 24 December 2015: Four people dead in Jerusalem stabbings, after an Israeli stabbed to death, and Palestinian assailants shot - 24 December: Driver shot and killed at Adam junction north of Jerusalem after running car into soldiers on side of road - 24 December: One Palestinian died and one Israeli soldier injured during an exchange of gunfire in the Qalandiya refugee camp in the West Bank - 26 décembre 2015: Un Palestinien tué dans une attaque contre un policier - 28 December: Palestinian dies of wounds days after being shot in fence clash east of the Maghazi refugee camp in the center of the Hamas-ruled coastal strip - 30 December: Israeli father-of-two Genadi Kaufman who was stabbed outside of Hebron’s Tomb of the Patriarchs three weeks ago died on Wednesday morning - 31 December: One Israeli soldier injured in a suspected car-ramming attack near the West Bank settlement of Tapuah, Palestinian driver shot dead
January 2016: 1 January 2016: Suspected gunman Nasha'at Melhem opened fire on several businesses on Dizengoff Street in Tel Aviv, killing two people and injuring seven others - 2 January 2016: After rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip Israeli air force launched airstrikes targeting Hamas facilities - 3 January 2016: Tel Aviv schoolchildren stay home as manhunt for Dizengoff Street shooter goes into day three - 11 January 2016: Following a stabbing attack of two Palestinians, who were shot and killed on Saturday night when they attempted to stab soldiers in the Jordan Valley settlement of Beka’ot, Israeli troops shot and injured a Palestinian who attempted to stab them near the Hermesh settlement - 13 January: Hamas threatens retaliation for deadly strike on bomb-planting cell - 17 January 2016: Attacker stabs Israeli woman from settlement of Otniel to death, who tried to fight off assailant in front of three children in the entrance to the family’s home - 19 January: Escalation feared after a new knife attack Monday on a street in a West Bank settlement wounded pregnant Michal Froman - 23 January 2016: An Israeli border police officer shot dead a 13-year-old Palestinian girl who tried to stab him as he guarded the entrance to a West Bank settlement - 24 January: Rocket shot from Gaza hits southern Israel - 26 January: Israeli Shlomit Krigman dies after Palestinian knife attack outside food store in Beit Horon - 31 January: Three Israelis were wounded, when a Palestinian man opened fire at an IDF checkpoint near Beit El in the West Bank, and was shot dead
February-April 2016: 4 February 2016: More stabbing attacks in 2016, in Central Israeli City of Ramle by suspected 13-year-old Israeli Arab female assailants - 14 February: 2 Palestinian teens killed as IDF soldiers come under fire - 2 March: Israeli soldiers shot dead two Palestinian teens who had attacked an Israeli settler at his home in the occupied West Bank - 4 March 2016: A Palestinian woman rammed her car into an Israeli soldier wounding him in the occupied West Bank on Friday and was then shot dead by troops at the scene - 9 March 2016: Fatah, the largest faction within the PLO, and the party of Palestinian Authority's Mahmoud Abbas, celebrates the Tuesday murder of a tourist in Jaffa, after Palestinian Mashala went on a stabbing spree in Tel Aviv-Jaffa, killing Vanderbilt graduate student and USA citizen Taylor Force and wounding 12 others - 11 March: At least four rockets launched from the Gaza Strip landed in an open field near the southern Israeli city of Sderot - 12 March: After rockets were fired into Israel, Hamas base was targeted by IDF strike that killed two children of a family living near Hamas base - 17 March: Two Palestinians stabbed and wounded an Israeli woman and were then shot and killed outside a Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank - 19 March: A Palestinian teenager, who stabbed and wounded a Border Police officer in Hebron, was shot dead by another policeman - 24 March 2016: An Israeli soldier has been arrested after he shot in the head a Palestinian man who stabbed another soldier in an attack in Hebron, but was then lying on the ground, wounded, and did not pose a threat to security forces, according to a video provided by a rights group - 25 April: A survey of young Palestinians found support for knife attacks targeting Israelis, with a majority of those polled saying terror attacks serve the Palestinian cause - 27 April: Two Palestinians shot dead after attempted knife attack at West Bank checkpoint
May/June 2016: 3 May 2016: Three soldiers hurt in suspected West Bank car-ramming attack near Dolev, suspected assailant shot dead - 5 May 2016: In response to ongoing attacks against Israeli forces near border fence, IAF strikes Hamas targets in Gaza, as second Gazan tunnel leading into Israel found - 26 May: Israel's air force hits two Hamas sites in coastal territory in Gaza Strip in response to rocket attack - 10 June: Hamas test-fires dozens of short-range rockets in Gaza - 21 June 2016: 15-year-old Palestinian was killed and four were Palestinians wounded, three seriously, after two tourists and one Israeli were wounded along Israel's Route 443 - 21 June: 15-year-old Palestinian died and four others were wounded in West Bank after Israeli soldiers mistook them for stone-throwers - 24 June 2016: An Israeli couple injured in likely car-ramming attack in West Bank, suspected Palestinian woman killed - 30 juin: Une adolescente israélienne a été poignardée jeudi par un Palestinien dans une colonie de Cisjordanie
July/August 2016: 1 July 2016: The head of the Otniel yeshiva Miki Mark, described by friends and family as a pillar of his community, was killed in a Hebron terror attack Friday in which his wife and two of his children were injured - 1 July 2016: A rocket fired from Gaza hit a building in the southern Israeli town of Sderot on Friday night, causing damage to the building - 2 July: Israel army deploys 2 battalions to secure settlements, main roads as troops, intel agencies work in tandem to halt terror attacks - 3 July: Israeli troops arrested eight Palestinians, including the sister of the terrorist who murdered the teenage girl in the settlement of Kiryat Arba and is now praised by his sister, in overnight sweeps in the West Bank - 27 July 2016: Hamas terrorist who murdered Rabbi Miki Mark in 1 July shooting attack dies in West Bank firefight with Israel’s security forces - 21 August: Gaza rocket strikes near homes in Sderot, causing no damage, Israel strikes back at Hamas targets in northern Strip - 27 August: IDF opens probe into death of Palestinian Hamad said to have charged at troops
October-December 2016: 6 October 2016: Gaza official reportedly claims Hamas is working to prevent further violence following air force bombardment in reprisal for rocket attack on Sderot - 9 October 2016: A Palestinian assailant, firing from a car, shot and wounded at least seven people, two critically, in Jerusalem on Sunday and was then killed by Israeli police, according to police describing the incident as a terror attack - 9 octobre 2016: Deux des personnes blessées par des tirs d'un Palestinien dimanche à Jérusalem-est sont décédées, selon l'hôpital - 22 November 2016: A Palestinian man armed with a knife was shot and killed by Israeli security forces as he attempted to stab a guard at a crossing outside Jerusalem - 8 December 2016: A Palestinian assailant attempted to stab Israeli guards at a West Bank junction and was shot and killed by troops, police said - 18 December 2016: A Palestinian teenager was shot dead early Sunday during clashes with Israeli security forces, as army and border police were pelted with rocks in village near Ramallah and one Israeli officer was injured - 22 December 2016: Palestinian shot dead throwing bomb at soldiers during operation to raze East Jerusalem home of terrorist, army says - 25 December 2016: Hamas’s deployment at the Gaza border carries echoes of South Lebanon - 25 December 2016: Suspected Palestinian gunman opened fire near the West Bank settlement of Beit El on Sunday morning - 30 December 2016: Security forces reportedly shot and wounded a Palestinian woman at the Qalandiya checkpoint in the West Bank after she tried to carry out a stabbing attack
January 2017: 3 January 2017: Islamic Waqf guards try to boot veteran Israeli archaeologist and guide Gabriel Barkay for using the term 'Temple Mount' in a lecture to USA students - 3 January 2016: Two Border Police officers were injured in the northern West Bank, when several motorcycles attempted to ram through a temporary roadblock set up by security forces - 4 January 2017: 19-year-old IDF soldier Azaria, who killed wounded stabber in March 2016, convicted of manslaughter - 8 January 2017 Jerusalem truck attack was a vehicle-ramming attack - 8 January 2017: A truck rammed into a group of IDF soldiers in Jerusalem on popular Armon Hanatziv promenade killing three women, one man and injuring at least 15, the driver reportedly shot dead - 9 January 2017: After terror group praised deadly Jerusalem truck-ramming, Israeli troops rounded up five members of the Hamas terror group in raids across the West Bank and arrested six more suspects for low-level attacks - 10 January 2017: The Israeli military says that a Palestinian man had been shot, later dying of his wounds, while trying to stab IDF soldiers who were conducting an arrest raid near Nablus - 15 January 2017: Israeli troops doing work near the Gaza security fence came under fire on Sunday, in response, an army tank shelled a Hamas position in the southern Gaza Strip, IDF says
February/March 2017: 2 February 2017: Two Israeli policemen and a civilian were lightly wounded when a Palestinian woman drove her vehicle into a police car and a guard post outside West Bank Geva Binyamin community in a suspected car-ramming attack - 6 February 2017: Gaza rocket falls south of Ashkelon, in response Israeli planes and tanks bomb Hamas posts in northern Strip - 27 February 2017: A rocket fired from Gaza struck an open field in southern Israel early Monday morning - 27 February 2017: Israeli jets hit Gaza after overnight rocket attack - 1 March 2017: Gaza rocket strikes field south of Ashkelon in second attack in three days, coming after Hamas threatens to hit back over Israeli retaliatory bombardment of Strip - 6 March 2017: An alleged Palestinian terrorist was killed in an exchange of gunfire with Israeli troops in the West Bank city of Ramallah - 10 March: Rocket fired from Gaza falls short of border fence - 13 March 2017: After 2 police officers were hurt in Jerusalem stabbing attack and the assailant was shot, critically wounded during the attack and later died, police raided an East Jerusalem home of a Palestinian named in Arab media as the assailant - 16 March 2017: Israeli Air Force jets struck two Hamas installations in the north of the Gaza Strip in response to the latest rocket fire from the territory at Israeli communities nearby - 18 March 2017: Rockets launched from Gaza, Israel responds with tank fire at Hamas targets - 22 March 2017: An eighteen-year-old Palestinian was reportedly killed and two others injured by Israeli tank fire while nearing the Gaza border into Israel overnight - 29 March 2017: Palestinian Siham Rateb Nimir who was shot dead in the Old City on Wednesday as she attempted to stab border guards may have been motivated by grief over her son’s death at the hands of Border Police in September, after an apparent misunderstanding at an East Jerusalem checkpoint
April/May 2017: 1 April 2017: A teenage assailant stabbed two young men and a police officer in Jerusalem’s Old City, wounding them before being shot and killed by security forces - 6 April 2017: One person killed and another lightly wounded as Palestinian car rams into West Bank bus stop at Ofra junction, driver apprehended - 15 April 2017: British student Hannah Bladon killed in Jerusalem stabbing attack by a Palestinian from East Jerusalem, who has been apprehended - 27 April 2017: An Israeli security forces operation overnight reportedly uncovered an illegal weapons-making workshop in the West Bank town of Abu Dis, along with ammunition and bullet magazines, 14 terror suspects arrested and handed over for questioning in other operations - 13 May 2017: Israeli police officer who was stabbed by a Jordanian man in Jerusalem Saturday before shooting his attacker dead said he acted 'to save civilians' as well as his own life - 14 May 2017: Jordanian FM on Sunday dismissed an Israeli accusation that it was justifying terrorism in condemning the killing of a Jordanian assailant in Jerusalem on Saturday, calling the defense 'a heinous crime'
June/July 2017: 1 June 2017: IDF soldier wounded in stabbing attack in northern West Bank by Palestinian female assailant, who was shot and critically injured at front gate of Mevo Dotan settlement - 6 June 2017: Police cars set alight, other cruisers pelted with stones and officers attacked by rock-throwing protesters, one protester killed and investigation launched, as residents in the Israeli Arab city of Kafr Qassem riot against police - 16 June 2017 Jerusalem attack - 16 June 2017: Policewoman Hadas Malka succumbs to injuries in stabbing at Damascus Gate after fighting her attacker while trying to draw weapon, four other police officers injured at Zedekiah’s Cave, three attackers, all of whom were members of Palestinian terrorist groups, were shot dead in the course of the attacks - 26 June 2017: Gaza rocket hits open area in southern Israel, no injuries - 28 June 2017: A Palestinian man in Hebron, who opened fire on Israeli soldiers searching for illegal weapons, shot dead - 12 July 2017: Two Palestinians said killed in clashes with IDF troops in Jenin
14 July 2017 Arab Israeli Temple Mount terrorist attack and aftermath: 14 July 2017 Temple Mount shooting - 14 July 2017: Two of the Israeli police officers wounded in Friday morning's shooting attack at the Temple Mount have died of their wounds, all the three assailants were shot and killed, identified as Arab Israelis from Umm Al-Fahm - 14 July 2017: Palestinian terror groups praised the deadly shooting attack at Jerusalem’s Temple Mount on Friday - 15 July 2017: Arab League scolds Israel for Temple Mount closure, failing to mention attack - 22 July 2017: Abbas to freeze contacts with Israel until recent decisions on 'Al Aqsa' backtracked - 23 July 2017: Police install hi-tech security cameras outside Temple Mount, as Muslim worshipers vow to keep up fight against security measures and as IDF and Shin Bet detain 29 members of Hamas terror group after deadly terror attack in Halamish - 25 July 2017: Cameras come down along with metal detectors at Temple Mount, following an Israeli security cabinet decision to replace the metal detectors with security measures based on 'advanced technologies' - 28 July 2017: After weeks of tension, Friday’s Muslim prayers in Old City end peacefully despite widespread efforts of inciting
Since 16 July 2017: 16 July 2017: Palestinian gunman Amar Ahmad Halil of Nabi Saleh, who was behind a drive-by shooting attack on Saturday near the West Bank settlement of Atere, was killed during an overnight raid after he attempted to open fire on Israeli soldiers who came to arrest him - 16 July 2017: Israeli officials bolster security as Temple Mount set to reopen after attack - 18 July 2017: Protesters rioted in East Jerusalem neighborhoods overnight against new security measures at the Temple Mount, throwing stones and petrol bombs at police and shooting fireworks at Israeli forces, at least 50 Palestinians and one officer were reported hurt - 21 July 2017: Three Palestinians were reported killed in clashes that erupted between protesters and Israeli police on Friday in East Jerusalem and the West Bank as thousands demonstrated against the installation of metal detectors at the entrances to Jerusalem’s Temple Mount to avert more terrorist attacks - 21 July 2017: Israeli father, son and daughter stabbed to death in West Bank home, mother in serious condition after Palestinian terrorist sneaks into settlement of Halamish, stabs family at Shabbat dinner as young children hide, killer shot and wounded by IDF soldier on leave - 22 July 2017: IDF raids Halamish terrorist’s home, arrests his brother - 22 July 2017: 2 Palestinians said killed as heavy clashes again erupt and police use tear gas, stun grenades and water cannons in West Bank and Jerusalem to disperse rock-throwing rioters - 23 July 2017: Palestinians in the northern Gaza Strip fired a rocket at the Ahskelon coast region in southern Israel, but the projectile breaks apart in mid-air, army says, and does not cause injury or damage - 24 July 2017: Second Gaza rocket hits open area in southern Israel, no injuries, IDF launches retaliatory strike at Hamas position - 28 July 2017: Palestinian Takaatka from Bethlehem wielding a knife rushed at IDF soldiers at the Gush Etzion Junction in the West Bank on Friday and was shot dead
September/October 2017: 26 September 2017: Three Israeli security officers were killed and one was seriously hurt in a terror attack outside the Har Adar settlement near Jerusalem early Tuesday morning - 8 October 2017: Israeli army reportedly destroys Hamas outpost in Gaza in retaliation for rocket fire - 22 October 2017: 12-year-old Israeli boy injured in rock attack at Hebron spring, as a man dropped a large stone on a group of children - 30 October 2017: At least seven men, most of them Islamic Jihad members, were killed and another 12 injured when the Israeli army blew up an attack tunnel stretching from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory, the Hamas-run Gaza Health Ministry says - 31 October 2017: Israeli troops shot two Palestinians, killing one, after they accelerated their car at the soldiers in the West Bank, the army said
December 2017: 1 December 2017: Police search for two suspected assailants who fled scene after assault on 19-year-old Ron Yitzhak Kokia, who was stabbed to death at a bus station in an apparent terror attack in the southern city of Arad - 6 December 2017: An Israeli military vehicle was seriously damaged when a firebomb was thrown at it by Palestinians in the northeastern West Bank - 8 December 2017: 2 Palestinians killed, 98 wounded in clashes with Israeli troops in West Bank, Gaza, as protesters threw molotov cocktails and rocks - 8 December 2017: Third rocket from Gaza explodes in Sderot after Israeli strikes - 9 December 2017: In response to rocket fire Israeli Air Force attacked four Hamas targets in the Gaza Strip overnight, including two weapons production sites, a weapons depot, and another training compound - 10 December 2017: Rocket fired from Gaza on Friday landed at Sderot kindergarten - 11 December 2017: Israeli security guard Asher Elmaliach, who was stabbed in the chest by a Palestinian terrorist at the entrance to the Jerusalem Central Bus Station Sunday, remains unconscious - 11 December 2017: After missiles fired from Gaza, IDF hits Hamas positions- 12 December 2017: Israeli forces attacked Hamas targets in the northern Gaza Strip after Palestinians in a second round of rocket fire fired a rocket toward the southern city of Ashkelon, intercepted by an Iron Dome anti-missile battery - 13 December 2017: Israeli air force hits Hamas military post in south of Gaza Strip in retaliation for rocket attacks earlier in the night - 14 décembre 2017: Raids israéliens contre tirs de roquettes venant de Gaza - 15 December 2017: Four Palestinians died on Friday afternoon after being shot in clashes with Israeli security forces during protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, including attacker who stabbed officer - 18 December 2017: IDF strikes Hamas targets in retaliation for a volley of rockets fired at Israel and after Gaza rocket hits Israeli town - 22 December 2017: Two Palestinian protesters were reported killed during violent demonstrations along the Gaza Strip’s security fence, as thousands more took part in riots in the coastal enclave and across the West Bank for the third straight week following USA's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital - 29 December 2017: Iron Dome intercepts 2 rockets fired from Gaza as 3rd falls in Israeli territory - 29 December 2017: IDF strikes Hamas targets after Gaza rocket hits Israeli Shaar Hanegev community - 29 December 2017: Gaza rockets apparently target ceremony for Israeli soldier Oron Shaul - 30 December 2017: Israeli jets strike Hamas post in Gaza in response to shelling, as IDF accuses Iran of pushing Israel and terror groups to war, 'playing with the lives of Gaza residents,' by supplying mortar shells to Gaza terror groups
2018 List of Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel: 2018 List of Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel
2018 List of violent incidents in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict: 2018 List of violent incidents in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
January 2018: 2 January 2018: Israeli air force hits Hamas camp in Gaza after rocket fire - 3 January 2018: Second rocket fired from Gaza hit Eshkol region in southern Israel - 4 January 2018: After three rockets were fired at Israeli communities Israeli jets strike 'central terrorist infrastructure' in Gaza in retaliation and 'to thwart attempted attacks on Israeli citizens' - 10 January 2018: After an Israeli rabbi and father of six was shot dead in a terrorist attack outside Nablus, , Palestinians reported several incidents of settler violence in the West Bank in apparent retaliation - 14 January 2018: After striking alleged Hamas cross-border passageway, IDF general says army 'determined' to destroy all underground terror infrastructure, but admits main victims are Gaza residents - 18 January 2018: Suspected murderer Jarrar of West Bank rabbi killed in overnight raid by Israeli special forces, as two Israeli officers were injured in the midst of fighting and two other people who may have helped Jarrar have been killed
March 2018: 4 March 2018: The Palestinian terrorist group Hamas on Sunday praised a 'rave and heroic' car-ramming attack in Acre earlier in the day that left four Israelis injured - 10 March 2018: Palestinian Imayyer Shehadeh was shot dead by IDF soldiers who intervened during a clash between Palestinians and Israeli settlers near the northern West Bank city of Nablus, after on Friday Palestinian Mohammed al-Jabari was killed by Israeli fire in Hebron, and at least four others were wounded in clashes along Gaza’s border with Israel - 17 March 2018: Saying it was an 'appropriate' response to USA's Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, several Palestinian terror groups and activists praised the car-ramming attack in which two IDF solders were killed near Jenin - 18 March 2018: Israeli Adiel Coleman succumbs to injuries hours after Jerusalem stabbing attack, Palestinian terrorist shot dead - 25 March 2018: Israeli jets strike Gaza after a group of Palestinians entered Israeli territory and attempted to destroy military equipment - 27 March 2018: Three Palestinians armed with grenades caught over 10 miles into Israeli territory, not far from an army base, in second incident in recent days, after infiltrating from Gaza - 29 March 2018: Arab Israeli indicted for stabbing rabbi to death in West Bank terror attack last month, accused of picking Itamar Ben-Gal as his victim based on his kippa - 29 March 2018: Acre car-rammer charged with attempted murder in alleged terror attack - 29 March 2018: Two Palestinians breach Gaza security fence in fourth incident in a week
30 March 2018: Three Palestinians were killed and more than 100 in the Gaza Strip were wounded by Israeli live and rubber bullet fire as a series of massive protests kicked off along the security fence surrounding the enclave, according to Palestinian sources, as Israeli military said protesters were burning tires and throwing rocks at the soldiers on the other side of the security fence, despite warnings, and as Hamas said 'this is the beginning of the return to all of Palestine’ - 31 March 2018: The Israeli military on Saturday night identified 10 of the 16 people reported killed during violent protests along the Gaza security fence as members of Palestinian terrorist groups, and published a list of their names and positions in the organizations, as Hamas acknowledges that five of them were gunmen from its military wing - 5 April 2018: Hamas pays families of Gazans killed in border clashes with Israel, as relatives of fatalities receive $3,000, injured Palestinians paid $200-$500 in compensation - 25 July 2014: Average Gazan makes $2,900 per year, while many top Hamas leaders are billionaires and millionaires and Hamas' Meshaal is billionaire in Qatar - 6 mars 2018: Israël promet la fermeté avant la manifestation prévue vendredi à la frontière avec la bande de Gaza - 6 April 2018: As 7 Gazans killed in violence at fence, Gaza Hamas leader Sinwar vows to 'breach the borders and pray at Al-Aqsa’ in Jerusalem - 8 April 2018: Referring to the current round of clashes between Palestinians and Israeli forces on the Gaza-Israel border, in which some two dozen Palestinians have been killed, PA’s top cleric and Abbas’s adviser on religious and Islamic affairs Mahmoud al-Habbash says that Hamas is 'sending Gazans to their deaths for good headlines’, accusing Gazan terror group of 'trading in suffering and blood' - 8 April 2018: Israeli military to launch probe into Gaza border deaths - 13 April 2018: Fresh clashes break out at Gaza border as thousands demonstrate for third consecutive week - 20 April 2018: Palestinians at the Gaza border flew a kite marked with a swastika and carrying a petrol bomb into Israel on Friday - 21 April 2018: IDF probing report, video of 15-year-old said killed in Gaza clashes, as four Palestinians were reported killed during Friday’s violence - 24 April 2018: 2 armed Gazans cross into Israel, are arrested - 25 April 2018: 40 Palestinians have been killed and 5,511 were wounded in the protests along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel since March 30, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs based on figures from the Palestinian Health Ministry in Gaza, as Hamas says the protests will continue even after Nakba Day on May 15 - 27/28 April 2018: As Palestinians try to breach Gaza fence, according to IDF, as 'attempts have been made to harm security infrastructure, roll burning tires, hurl rocks and fly kites with flaming objects attached to them' in Palestinian march on border for fifth week, 'four killed, 833 wounded' - 29 April 2018: Hamas saboteur arrested while vandalizing Gaza fence - 29 April 2018: In two separate incidents, one of which included an attack on Israeli forces, troops opened fire on Palestinians who tried to enter Israeli territory from the southern Gaza Strip, killing three of them - 30 April 2018: Gaza border rioter accidentally injured fellow protester with slingshot
May 2018: 5 May 2018: Palestinian youths set Gaza’s own gas line on fire at weekly fence protests, fly dozens of 'firebomb kites' into Israel but fail to breach border, incited by Hamas - 11 May 2018: A Palestinian was killed and 700 were wounded in protests along the Gaza border from live gunfire, according to the Gaza Health Ministry, as thousands of Gazans protest along the border in the seventh consecutive week - 13 May 2018: Gaza Strip running low on cooking gas after Palestinian rioters trash crossing - 14 May 2018: As PA, Fatah call for West Bank clashes over USA embassy move to Jerusalem and Al-Qaeda head calls for jihad, Israel warns Gazans 'don’t be Hamas’s puppets' - 15 May 2018: Tensions high as Palestinians mark Nakba Day and IDF again warns Gazans to stay away from border - 17 May 2018: Hamas co-founder al-Zahar admits ‘we are deceiving the public’ about peaceful Gaza border protests, saying in an interview that 'this is not peaceful resistance', the option of armed struggle 'is growing and developing', 'this is a peaceful resistance bolstered by a military force and by security agencies' - 25 May 2018: Gaza health ministry removes baby from border clash death toll, amid suggestions she died of a congenital heart condition - 25 May 2018: Doctors were still fighting Friday morning for the life of a soldier from IDF's Duvdevan unit who was critically injured after a marble slab was dropped on his head during an operation to arrest suspected terrorists in the West Bank - 27 May 2018: Israeli artillery cannons fired on a Hamas position in the southern Gaza Strip, killing at least one, after an explosive device was detonated along the security fence - 29 May 2018: More than two dozen mortar shells were fired at southern Israel in at least three separate barrages Tuesday morning, appearing to be the largest attack from the Gaza Strip since the 2014 war - 29 May 2018: Gaza terror rocket hits Strip’s own power lines, leaves Palestinians in dark - 30 May 2018: After Hamas and the Iran-backed Islamic Jihad released a joint statement claiming responsibility for rockets and mortar shells fired at southern Israel, dozens of rockets and shells were fired into Israel overnight, house hit, as Israel strikes 25 Hamas targets including drone facility, rocket manufacturing plant, advanced weapons depot, military compounds, training camps and weapons factories - 30 May 2018: Israel believes Gaza fighting is over for now, won't attack if rocket fire ends, amid reports of an Egypt negotiated cease-fire without Israel
June 2018: 2 June 2018: In worst blaze to date, Gaza fire kites destroy vast parts of nature reserve inside Israel on Saturday - 2 June 2018: Israeli troops reportedly thwarted an attempted car-ramming attack with small tractor Saturday in Hebron - 3 June 2018: IDF investigate death of volunteer paramedic Razan Najjar, who was fatally shot on Friday as she tried to help evacuate wounded near the Gaza border - 3 June 2018: After four projectiles were fired overnight at southern Israel by terror groups, shattering an unofficial ceasefire agreement and sending thousands to bomb shelters, Israel air force carried out airstrikes on Hamas targets - 5 June 2018: Firefighters battle 2 fires caused by flaming kites in Moshav Netiv Ha'asara and Kibbutz Nir Am, as Israeli official warns Hamas over incendiary tactic - 8 June 2018: As kite-set fires engulf Israel's south, foresters fight to 'save every tree’ - 8 June 2018: 'Hamas failed twice, first by investing money in terrorism rather than in caring for the needs of the population, and then again through Gazans’ reluctance to join the marches', Israel general Rokon says, as Hezbollah’s Nasrallah threatens Israel, saying 'the day of the great war is coming, the day we will all pray in Jerusalem’ - 18 June 2018: Hundreds of turkeys in a coop in an Israeli kibbutz near the Gaza border died from smoke inhalation due to fires sparked by incendiary balloons launched from the Palestinian territory - 18 June 2018: Palestinians fired three rockets at southern Israel from the Gaza Strip, after Israeli aircraft hit a number of targets in the coastal enclave in response to numerous arson attacks by Palestinians the day before, Israeli military said - 20 June 2018: Rocket sirens blared in southern Israel throughout the early morning hours Wednesday, as barrages totaling some 45 rockets and mortar shells were fired toward Israeli towns, prompting three rounds of Israeli airstrikes on Hamas military sites in the Gaza Strip - 22 June 2018: Reports put turnout at Friday’s violent protests at around 1,000 people on Israel’s border with the Gaza Strip, with the Hamas-run health ministry reporting 206 injured - 27 June 2018: At least 13 rockets launched from Gaza after army strikes Hamas cell’s car
July 2018: 14 July 2018: Palestinian terror groups fired at least 31 rockets and mortars into Israel, six of them intercepted by the Iron Dome system, as residents of Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip spent the night in bomb shelters and IDF renews airstrikes - 15 July 2018: Sderot family had no warning before rocket fired from Gaza hit home, injuring four people - 15 July 2018: Head of the missile unit of the Fatah-linked terror group al-Aqsa Martyr's Brigades killed along with son in so-called 'work accident' during shaky ceasefire between Israel and Palestinian terrorist groups following intense 24-hour bout of fighting - 15 July 2018: Israeli Air Force attacks Hamas militants launching incendiary balloons from Gaza, as government says hostile actions from Gaza will not be tolerated - 20 July 2018: A projectile was fired from the Gaza Strip at southern Israel on Thursday following IDF strike on cell launching 'fire balloons' at Israel that killed one Hamas member of its military wing - 20/21 July 2018: Hamas announced a ceasefire with Israel, after Palestinian snipers shot and killed an IDF soldier on the Gaza border, sparking the night’s widespread Israeli strikes on Hamas targets across Gaza, reportedly killing four Palestinians in the exchange, including three Hamas members - 21 July 2018: After several Palestinian suspects attempted to infiltrate the border into Israel in the northern Gaza Strip, IDF fired a tank shell at a Hamas post Saturday morning - 24 July 2018: Israel partially reopens Gaza crossing amid reduction in fire balloon attacks - 25 July 2018: Soldier moderately injured by Gaza sniper, 3 Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigade's members killed as IDF responds targeting Hamas bases, followed by nine rockets launched early Thursday from Gaza toward Israeli towns - 27 July 2018: Yotam Ovadia, the father to a 2-year-old child and a 7-month-old baby, stabbed repeatedly in the chest and torso during a terror attack inside the Jerusalem-area settlement of Adam in the West Bank has died - 27 July 2018: Authorities arrest 24 people, with 4 officers injured, after police said they were attacked with fireworks and stones following prayers and Palestinians barricaded themselves in mosque - 28 July 2018: Three Palestinians, including teens, said dead in Gaza border protest - 28 July 2018: Incendiary balloons from Gaza spark blazes in Sderot's Sapir College and Kibbutz Gevim, following at least ten such incidents on Friday - 29 July 2018: Gaza Health Ministry backtracks, says two Palestinians killed by accidental explosion, not by Israel, as PFLP names two members who tried to fire a rocket at Israel and were killed when it exploded
8/9 August 2018 Palestinian rocket attacks: August 2018 Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel - 9 August 2018: A total of 26 people on the Israeli side have been treated in the hospital, after more than 180 rockets have been fired into Israeli border region from Gaza since Wednesday evening - 9 August 2018: 'You have to choose which of your children you save,' says a mother of 7 in the southern town of Sderot, as residents of rocket-hit town describe scramble to reach safety of bomb shelters - 9 August 2018: Sending tens of thousands of Israelis into bomb shelters amid heaviest exchange of fire since 2014 Gaza war, terrorist groups in the Gaza Strip fire volleys of projectiles at southern Israel throughout Thursday morning, triggering a fresh round of airstrikes by the Israeli military on Hamas targets in the Palestinian enclave - 9 August 2018: Member of Hamas military wing, pregnant woman and toddler in Gaza reportedly killed in Israeli strikes, as reports from Gaza stated that the family's home was adjacent to a Hamas target that Israeli forces attacked

War 2008/2009 and blockade of the Gaza-Strip: Gaza-Israel conflict: War 2008/2009 and blockade - Gaza-Strip blockade since 2007 - Gaza War 2008/2009 - Gaza conflict, UN report 2009
October 2012: 17 October: Israel's envoy asked the UN to try to persuade a Swedish ship carrying rights activists not to try to break the blockade of the Gaza Strip - 18 October: Document in Israel reveals army calculated minimum calories Gazans needed to eat during blockade to avoid malnutrition - 20 October: Ship carrying pro-Palestinian activists seeking to reach Gaza is seized by Israeli soldiers - 24 octobre: L'émir du Qatar à Gaza, une visite 'historique'
2015: 6 March 2015: Israel’s decision to double water supplies to Gaza is an improvement but still inadequate, experts say - 13 April: 45 aid organizations sign on to report that insists only open borders and a durable Israel-Hamas ceasefire can bring economic, social and political stability to Gaza - 30 April: As protesters in three Israeli cities urge an end to Gaza blockade, Hamas violently disperses parallel rally in Gaza - 23 May 2015: Gulf States, Turkey give only 12 percent of $2b pledge for Gaza reconstruction - 29 June: Israeli Navy intercepts Gaza-bound ship 'Marianne', escorting the Swedish-registered vessel to Ashdod Port - 5 July 2015: A year after Operation Protective Edge, some 100,000 Gazans remain homeless, with unemployment and poverty even more crippling than they were a year ago - 2 September 2015: Gaza could soon become uninhabitable, UN report predicts

Israeli settlements, civilian communities inhabited by Israeli citizens, almost exclusively of Jewish ethnicity, built predominantly on lands called the Palestinian territories, which Israel has militarily occupied since the 1967 Six-Day War, and partly on lands considered Syrian territory also militarily occupied by Israel since the 1967 war, such settlements within Palestinian territories currently exist in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and within Syrian territory in the Golan Heights - June 1967 Six-Day War's aftermath, the cease-fire agreement following the 1967 Six-Day War leaves Israel in control of a number of areas - Administration and local government
Population statistics for Israeli settlements in the West Bank: Population statistics for Israeli settlements in the West Bank
Since 1967 Israeli settlement timeline: Israeli settlement timeline

Peace process in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict - List of Arab–Israeli peace proposals and treaties - Quartet on the Middle East - Roadmap for peace - Direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians (2010-2011)
September 2011: 1 September: UN calls Israeli raid on flotilla 'excessive' - 2. September: Türkei weist Israels Botschafter aus - 3 September: Ban Ki Moon urges Israel and Turkey to fix ties - 4 septembre: La Turquie va saisir la 'Cour internationale de justice' pour contester la légalité du blocus de Gaza - 4. September: USA wollen UN-Abstimmung über Palästinenserstaat verhindern - Vorschlag zu neuer Runde jahrzehntewährender Friedensdiplomatie - 13 September: Palestinian state an obligation, says Erdogan in an adress to Arab states meeting in Cairo - 14. September: Präsident Abbas strebt Anerkennung Palästinas bei den UN als Stärkung der Verhandlungsposition an, nicht als Ende von Verhandlungen - 15 September: UN secretary-general says he hopes for meaningful dialogue in run-up to Palestine's statehood bid - 16 September: Abbas to seek full UN membership for Palestinian state - 19 September: Global poll supports Palestinian state - 26 September: UN Security Council has begun consultations on the request of Palestinian membership - 27. September: UN-Sicherheitsrat schiebt Entscheid über Palästinenser-Antrag auf lange Bank - 28. September: Sogar US-Kritik an israelischer Siedlungspolitik
Arab-Israeli peace projects: Arab-Israeli peace projects
Israeli–Palestinian economic peace efforts: Israeli–Palestinian economic peace efforts




Jordan - Geography of Jordan - History of Jordan - Demographics of Jordan
Agriculture in Jordan: Agriculture in Jordan
Tourism in Jordan: Tourism in Jordan
Banking and financial services in Jordan: Banks of Jordan - Arab Bank - HSBC Bank Middle East - Amman Stock Exchange
Taxation in Jordan: Taxation in Jordan
Jordanian Armed Forces: Jordanian Armed Forces
Trade unions in Jordan: Trade unions in Jordan
June 2018 protests: 2 June 2018: After angry protests across the cash-strapped country burdened by poverty and unemployment, Jordan’s King Abdullah II ordered the government on Friday to freeze new price hikes on fuel and electricity - 3 June 2018: Protests have taken place in cities across Jordan against IMF-backed austerity measures including a new income-tax draft law and price-hikes, hours after the government and unions failed to reach an agreement to end the standoff - 5 June 2018: As protests persist, Jordan’s king backs reforms but won’t nix tax hike, wishing to find solution 'away from traditional approach' but avoiding specifics, as protesters return to streets even after PM sacked - 6 June 2018: Jordan’s king calls for a review of the controversial draft tax law, as anti-austerity protesters stage another night of demonstrations in Amman and trade unions vow to hold a general strike - 7 June 2018: Doctors, lawyers and teachers staged a strike across Jordan on Wednesday in protest over IMF-backed austerity measures including a proposed income tax law that have sparked a week of angry demonstrations - 9 June 2018: Despite shelving of tax hike in wake of demonstrations, Jordan’s poor have little hope of change
Society, demographics, culture and human rights in Jordan: Jordanian society - Human rights in Jordan
Cities in Jordan: List of cities in Jordan
Demographics of Jordan: Demographics of Jordan
Ethnic groups in Jordan: Ethnic groups in Jordan
Culture of Jordan: Culture of Jordan
Languages of Jordan: Languages of Jordan - Jordanian Arabic
Women in Jordan: Women in Jordan
Education in Jordan: Education in Jordan
Universities in Jordan: Universities in Jordan
Health in Jordan: Health in Jordan
Religion and freedom of religion in Jordan: Religion in Jordan - Jordan's state religion is Islam
Crime in Jordan: Crime in Jordan
Corruption in Jordan: Corruption in Jordan
Violence and terrorism in Jordan: Terrorism in Jordan
Human trafficking in Jordan: Human trafficking in Jordan
Foreign relations of Jordan: Foreign relations of Jordan
Treaties of Jordan: Treaties of Jordan
Refugee camps in Jordan: Refugee camps in Jordan
Jordan and the United Nations:
Jordan is an active member of the United Nations and several of its specialized and related agencies, including the Food and Agriculture Organization, International Atomic Energy Agency, World Health Organization. the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund
Bilateral relations of Jordan: Bilateral relations of Jordan
Jordan/France relations: Jordan/France relations
Jordan/Iran relations: Jordan/Iran relations
History of Jordanian-Iranian relations since 1949: 27 December 2016: Evolution of the Jordanian-Iranian relations since 1949
Jordan/Israel relations: Jordan/Israel relations
Water politics in the Jordan River basin: Jordan River - Water politics in the Jordan River basin
1949 Armistice Agreements: 1949 Armistice Agreements
1994 Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace: Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace 1994
July 2017: 24 July 2017: Israeli government says, Israeli Embassy guard is protected from arrest and investigation by Vienna Convention, as Jordan won’t let him leave the country after he shot dead a Jordanian man who attacked him with a screwdriver at Israel’s embassy compound in Amman - 25 July 2017: Jordan investigation concludes Jordanian teen attacked Amman security officer, who then shot his assailant, killing him and another Jordanian national by accident - 28 July 2017: Jordan king visits slain embassy stabber’s family, after 17-year-old Jordanian Mohammed Mohammed al-Jawawdeh attacked Israeli security guard Ziv, whose last name has not been cleared for publication, and was shot dead by him acting in self-defense, and after family of Jordanian stabber demanded death penalty for Israeli guard, also saying if he did carry out attack, he’s 'a martyr’
Jordan/Palestinian territories relations: Jordan/Palestinian territories relations - Jordan River
Since 1949 Palestine refugee camps in Jordan: Palestine refugee camps in Jordan since 1949
2014: 6 April 2014: Syrian refugee killed and dozens wounded in riot at Zaatari refugee camp after the detention of a refugee family and a driver - 21 May: As Assad's war has forced two and a half million Syrians to flee, journalist and photographer visits two refugee camps in Jordan run by UNHCR - 27 May 2014: Jordan gives Assad regime's ambassador 24 hours to leave after violation of diplomatic protocol, in response Assad regime expels Jordan's ambassador - 31 July 2014: At Jordan's Zaatari refugee camp near the border with Syria, the horror of the neighboring country's civil war can be seen in the faces of its youngest refugees - 24 December: 'Islamic State' captures Jordan pilot after coalition warplane crashed in Syria, UN urges to treat the pilot in accordance with international humanitarian law
Jordan/United Kingdom relations: Jordan/United Kingdom relations
Jordan/USA relations: Jordan/USA relations
Environment of Jordan: Environment of Jordan
Natural disasters in Jordan: 2013 Middle East cold snap and floods


Kuwait - Geography of Kuwait - History of Kuwait - Demographics of Kuwait
External trade and finance of Kuwait: External trade and finance of Kuwait
Society, demographics and human rights in Kuwait: Kuwaiti society - Human rights in Kuwait
Nepalis in Kuwait: Nepalis in Kuwait
Women and women's rights in Kuwait: Women in Kuwait - Women's rights in Kuwait - Polygamy in Kuwait
Migrant workers in Kuwait: Migrant workers in Kuwait
Health in Kuwait: Health in Kuwait
Crime in Kuwait: Crime in Kuwait
Antisemitism in the Arab world and in Middle East countries: Antisemitism in the Middle East by country - Antisemitism in the Arab world - Islam and antisemitism
Terrorism in Kuwait: Terrorism in Kuwait
Human trafficking in Kuwait: Human trafficking in Kuwait
Elections and politics in Kuwait: Elections in Kuwait - Kuwait National Assembly
Since 2011 Kuwaiti protests, repression and politics: Since 2011 Kuwaiti protests
Kuwait/Germany relations: Kuwait/Germany relations
Kuwait/Pakistan relations: Kuwait/Pakistan relations
Kuwait/Saudi Arabia relations: Kuwait/Saudi Arabia relations
Kuwait/United Kingdom relations: Kuwait/United Kingdom relations
Kuwait/USA relations: Kuwait/USA relations


Lebanon - Geography of Lebanon - History of Lebanon - Lebanese Civil War 1975-1990 - Demographics of Lebanon
Tourism in Lebanon: Tourism in Lebanon
Agriculture in Lebanon: Agriculture in Lebanon - Lebanese wine
Water supply and sanitation in Lebanon: Water supply and sanitation in Lebanon
Banking and financial services in Lebanon: List of banks in Lebanon - Banque du Liban - Beirut Stock Exchange
Lebanese Armed Forces: Lebanese Armed Forces
Elections and politics in Lebanon: Elections in Lebanon - Lebanese general election 2009
May 2017 Lebanese general election: 21 May 2017 Lebanese general election
November 2017: 4 November 2017: Lebanon’s PM Hariri resigns fearing for his life, slams Iran and Hezbollah, saying Tehran spreading chaos and destruction, accuses terror group of holding country hostage - 12 November 2017: In a Lebanese TV live interview Lebanon’s PM Saad Hariri said he was ready to die for Lebanon, remembering his father and former PM Rafik Hariri, who was killed by a car bomb in Beirut in 2005, but adding that he didn’t want his children to go through that kind of ordeal, after terrorist Hezbollah's Hassan Nasrallah said on Friday that Hariri was 'detained in Saudi Arabia' and 'banned from returning to Lebanon' - 22 November 2017: Back in Lebanon and holding first meeting with president since announcing surprise resignation from Saudi Arabia, PM Hariri delays resignation, after saying more than a week ago he could walk back from his resignation if Hezbollah withdrew from regional conflicts, including Syria
August/September 2015: 2015 Lebanese protests, series of protests in response to the government's failure to dispose accumulated waste after the capital's main landfill was closed a month ago - 23 August 2015: Lebanese police fired tear gas and water cannon and shot in the air to try to disperse thousands of protesters in Beirut calling on the Salam government to step down for mishandling a dispute which left rubbish uncollected in the streets for weeks - 29 August: Thousands of protesters waving Lebanese flags took to the streets of Beirut for an unprecedented mobilisation against sectarian politicians they say are incompetent and corrupt - 5 September: Thousands of protesters rally in Beirut over politician's call to elect Lebanon's president by popular vote to address the crisis that has paralysed government and parliament
Society, demographics, culture, religion and human rights in Lebanon: Lebanese society - Human rights in Lebanon
Governorates, districts and municipalities of Lebanon: 8 Governorates of Lebanon - 26 Districts of Lebanon - List of municipalities of Lebanon
Demographics and ethnic groups in Lebanon: Demographics of Lebanon - Ethnic groups in Lebanon
Culture and languages of Lebanon: Culture of Lebanon - Languages of Lebanon
Education in Lebanon: Education in Lebanon
Health in Lebanon: Health in Lebanon
Internet in Lebanon: Internet in Lebanon
Christianity in Lebanon - Orthodox Christianity in Lebanon - Maronites in Lebanon
Crime in Lebanon: Crime in Lebanon
Violence and terrorism in Lebanon: Terrorism in Lebanon
Since 2004 Lebanon bombings and assassinations: Lebanon bombings and assassinations since 2004
February 2005 assassination of Rafic Hariri: On 14 February 2005 the former Prime Minister of Lebanon Rafic Hariri was assassinated along with 21 others in Beirut - UN International Independent Investigation Commission 2005-2009 - Special Tribunal for Lebanon since 2009 - 30 June 2011: Hariri murder - Special Tribunal for Lebanon charges four Hezbollah members and issues arrest warrants - 17 August: UN tribunal releases Hariri indictment lifting confidentiality restrictions - 13 May 2012: Two killed in sectarian clashes in Tripoli - 21 May: Two die in first Beirut clashes over Syria conflict - 3 June: Pro- and anti-Syrian groups clash in Lebanon - 3 June: Extra forces are deployed to Tripoli after deadly Syria-linked sectarian clashes 19 June 2012: Palestinians killed at Lebanon refugee camps - 24 October 2012: Judges rule UN-backed court can try four over Hariri murder - 16 January 2014: The trial of four men accused of murdering former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri is set to begin at an unprecedented tribunal at The Hague
Since 2011 conflict in Lebanon and Syrian Assad regime's war spillover: Since 2011 conflict in Lebanon and Syrian Assad regime's war spillover
2013: 24 mai 2013: À Tripoli, sunnites et alaouites se déchirent comme en Syrie - 26 May: Firefights in northern Lebanon between Sunni Muslims and Alawites have killed 30 people - 26 May 2013: Four people were wounded on Sunday when two rockets exploded in the Shiite-majority Hezbollah heartland of south Beirut - 9 July: A car bomb rocked Beirut's southern suburbs, a stronghold of Lebanon's Shiite Hezbollah movement, injuring at least 53 people - 15 August: Twenty people were killed in an explosion which struck the southern Beirut stronghold of Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group - 23 August: As locals were finishing Friday prayers in the largely Sunni Muslim city of Tripoli, bombs hit two mosques, killing at least 42 people and wounding hundreds - 30 August: Lebanon on Friday charged five men, including a Sunni Muslim cleric close to the Syrian government and a Syrian military officer, over bomb attacks on two mosques in the northern city of Tripoli last week that killed at least 42 people - 28 September: Gunbattles between Hezbollah fighters and local residents in the city of Baalbek in eastern Lebanon kill at least three people, including two Hezbollah members, leaving several others wounded - 19 November: Seven people reportedly killed as explosions struck near the Iranian embassy in Beirut
2014: 3 January: Deadly car bomb strikes Hezbollah stronghold in Beirut - 16 January: At least three people killed and several more wounded when a car bomb exploded near a local government building in Hermel - 21 January: Suicide bombing kills four people in the Haret Hreik area of Beirut - 2 Februry: Deadly car bomb hits Hezbollah stronghold Hermel - 3 February: A suicide bomber blew himself up in a passenger van in Beirut, wounding at least six people - 19 February: A blast in the southern suburbs of Beirut on Wednesday reportedly killed four people and wounded 19 - 16 March: Suicide bomb kills three people in Nabi Osmane in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley - 23 March: One person was killed and 10 people wounded in clashes in Beirut between Assad loyalists and opponents - 24 June 2014: Beirut suicide bombing wounds 19 people as conflict in Syria causes unrest across border - 14 July: Six dead as Hezbollah battles Syria rebels on Lebanon border
Foreign relations of Lebanon: Foreign relations of Lebanon
Since 1982 Hezbollah's alleged suicide and terror attacks in the Middle East and worldwide: Since 1982 Hezbollah's alleged suicide and terror attacks in the Middle East and worldwide
Since 1982 Hezbollah military activities: Hezbollah military activities since 1982 - Hezbollah armed strength
Russian and Iranian weapons for Lebanese Hezbollah terrorists: Russian and Iranian weapons for Lebanese Hezbollah
June 2011 Hezbollah officials indictments in 2005 Hariri murder probe: 30 June 2011: Hezbollah officials receive indictments in 2005 Hariri murder probe
June 2011 Hezbollah officials indictments in 2005 Hariri murder probe: 30 June 2011: Hezbollah officials receive indictments in 2005 Hariri murder probe
Bilateral relations of Lebanon: Bilateral relations of Lebanon
Lebanon/Brazil relations: Lebanon/Brazil relations - Lebanese Brazilians
Lebanon/France relations: Lebanon/France relations
Lebanon/Iran relations: Lebanon/Iran relations
Russian and Iranian weapons for Lebanese Hezbollah: Russian and Iranian weapons for Lebanese Hezbollah - Iran's military support
Lebanon/Israel relations: Lebanon/Israel relations - Hasbani River
2014: 25 February: Israeli planes attack Hezbollah targets on Lebanon-Syria border - 28 February: Israel warns Lebanon to curb Hezbollah threats - 5 March: Israeli troops shot Hezbollah fighters near Golan Heights, trying to plant a bomb - 14 March: An explosive charge detonates near Har Dov in the vicinity of the Israel-Lebanon border targeting an IDF force - 15 March: Lebanon's new government agrees to a statement that fell short of explicitly enshrining Hezbollah's role in confronting Israel - 7 April: Nasrallah says March bombing of Israeli patrol was intended to highlight Hezbollah's ability to fight Israel despite battle in Syria - 14 July 2014: Rockets fired at Israel from southern Lebanon, drawing retaliatory artillery fire from Israeli forces, in the third such rocket attack from Lebanon since Friday - 7 October: Hezbollah claims responsibility for blasts near Israel-Lebanon border, after two Israeli soldiers wounded
2017: 16 July 2017: Israel won’t tolerate Iranian bases in Lebanon and Syria, Israeli PM Netanyahu says in Paris after a ceremony earlier in the day marking 75 years since the roundup and deportation of more than 13,000 French Jews during the Holocaust, also saying that Syria ceasefire deal, hammered out by the USA and Russia, will create a long-term threat on Israel’s northern border by cementing Tehran’s presence - 1 October 2017: Lebanon’s Hezbollah terror group's Nasrallah on Sunday warned Jews living in Israel to leave the country as soon as possible before a destructive war between the Jewish state and his organization takes place - 28 December 2017: Lebanese lawmakers call for FM Gebran Bassil to resign after stating in a TV interview that Beirut has no ideological problem with the Jewish state
List of Lebanese rocket attacks on Israel: List of Lebanese rocket attacks on Israel
Lebanon/Saudi Arabia relations: Lebanon/Saudi Arabia relations
Since 4 November 2017 Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute: Since 4 November 2017 Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute
Lebanon/Syria relations: Lebanon/Syria relations
1976-2005 Syrian occupation of Lebanon: Syrian occupation of Lebanon 1976-2005
Since 2011 Iranian-backed Hezbollah's involvement in Assad's war against the Syrian people: Since 2011 Iranian-backed Hezbollah's involvement in Assad's war against the Syrian people and timeline of Hezbollah's deployment in Syria
Since 2011 Syrian Assad regime's war spillover in Lebanon: Syrian Assad regime's war spillover in Lebanon June 2011 – present
Since 2011 refugees of Assad's war against the Syrian people in Lebanon: Since 2011 Refugees of Assad's war against the Syrian people in Lebanon
2012: 13. Mai 2012: Kämpfe in Syrien greifen auf Libanon über - Zwei Tote bei Gefechten zwischen Gegnern und Anhängern Asads - 7 July 2012: At least three people have been killed and nine injured in northern Lebanon in shelling from across the Syrian border - 7. Juli 2012: Das syrische Militär hat mehrere Dörfer im Norden Libanons beschossen und drei Menschen getötet und zahlreiche weitere verletzt - 10 juillet: Des obus du côté syrien s'abattent au Liban après échange de tirs - 11 August: Syrian security chief accused of terrorist plot, Lebanon's military prosecutor general says - 16 August: Lebanon revenge kidnappings raise tensions - 22 août: Touché par le conflit syrien neuf personnes tuées et 84 blessées à Tripoli - 24 August: Syria spillover clashes escalate in Lebanon - 20 October: Lebanese opposition politicians blame President Assad for bombing that kills senior security official Wissam al-Hassan and seven others in Beirut - 21 octobre: L'opposition libanaise appelle à un grand rassemblement contre le régime syrien - 23 October: Lebanon opposition MPs receive 'Syria threats' by SMS - 5 December: At least two people were killed in clashes between Sunni-dominated Bab al-Tebbaneh and Alawite-dominated Jabal Mohsen in Tripoli - 6 December: At least six people killed in two days of fighting between gunmen loyal to opposing sides in Syria's conflict - 10 December: Deadly clashes continue in Tripoli after Lebanon received bodies from a group of 14 Lebanese killed in Syria
2013: 5 February 2013: A Lebanese judge issues arrest warrant for top Syrian intelligence official Ali Mamlouk for his alleged involvement in bomb plot - 24 February: One killed in fierce Syria-Lebanon border fighting as Lebanese president Sleiman demanded that Syria 'refrain from firing towards Lebanese territory' - 19 March: Assad's Russian warplanes bomb Lebanon border area targeting Syrian opposition in Lebanese Arsal town - 3 April: Syrian Assad jet fires missile into Lebanon border town Arsal - 24 April: As fierce clashes continue in the border villages of al Qusayr, there are growing fears that Lebanon is being drawn further into the Syrian conflict - 9 May: Hezbollah says Syria to supply 'game-changing arms' - 20 May: As Assad's warplanes bomb Qusair and as his army is hitting the town with tanks and artillery from the north and east, Iran-backed Lebanese Hezbollah is firing mortar rounds and multiple rocket launchers from the south and west - 28 May: Gunmen kill three Lebanese soldiers on Syria border east of Arsal - 3 June: Lebanon sees worst clashes yet from Syria - 12 June: After a helicopter gunship attacked the eastern town of Arsal, Lebanon army warns will hit back against any new Assad raids - 20 June: As Iraq and Lebanon are alarmed at spreading Syria war, Lebanon's president urges his country's Hezbollah movement to pull its fighters out of the conflict - 24 juin: La ville côtière de Saïda, nouveau foyer de tensions sunnito-chiites - 3 August: Near the border with Lebanon an Assad warplane has killed at least nine people including six members of the same family and wounded nine others, targeting the opposition-held Syrian town of Yabroud just across the border from the Lebanese town of Arsal - 24 August: Lebanon is to observe a day of national mourning Saturday for 42 people killed in powerful bombings outside two Sunni mosques in a city riven by strife over Syria's war - 30 August: Lebanon on Friday charged five men, including a Sunni Muslim cleric close to the Syrian government and a Syrian military officer, over bomb attacks on two mosques in the northern city of Tripoli last week that killed at least 42 people - 19 octobre: Libération de neuf otages libanais détenus en Syrie depuis mai 2012 - 30 November: Four people were killed in Tripoli on Saturday in exchanges of fire between neighborhoods that support rival sides in Syria's civil war - 2 December: Gun battles and rocket fire in Tripoli killed at least 10 people and wounded dozens more over the weekend - 31 December: Lebanese army fires at Syrian aircraft after border raid
2014: 17 January 2014: Assad rockets kill seven people in Lebanese border town of Arsal wounding at least 15 - 27 January: Syrian refugees in Lebanon exceed 890,000 - 2 February: Explosion kills four people in Hermel, a Hezbollah stronghold near Syria - 2 February: Explosion kills four people in Hermel, a Hezbollah stronghold near Syria - 22 February: A suicide bomber killed two Lebanese soldiers and a civilian with a car bomb at an army checkpoint in Hermel - 16 March: Suicide bomb kills three people in Nabi Osmane in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley - 29 March: Car bomb kills three soldiers in attack on Lebanese army checkpoint in Arsal - 3 April: The number of Syrians registered as refugees in Lebanon has surpassed one million, UN says - 20 May: Lebanon is desperate for help as tens of thousands of Syrian refugees continue to stream into the small country that will have 1.5 million refugees by year end, UN says - 21 May: A shortfall in international support has left many Syrian refugees in Lebanon unable to access crucial medical care, rights group says - 3 August: Eight Lebanese soldiers have been killed in clashes with fighters in eastern Lebanon, near the border with Syria - 7 August: Syrian Coalition's Nora al-Ameer says that Hezbollah’s denial of any involvement 'as an unacceptable attempt to evade responsibility for the humanitarian catastrophe that afflicts the Syrian refugees in Arsal' - 18 October: Lebanon blocks Syrian refugees from entering, UN says - 25 October: Lebanon army fights gunmen in Tripoli, six soldiers killed
November 2016: 16 November 2016: Hezbollah staged a military parade in the Syrian town of Qusayr, which it retook from Syrian rebels in 2013 in its first major victory after it intervened in support of Assad’s regime, showing its advanced Russian and USA weaponry including tanks, armored vehicles and anti-aircraft batteries, as USA's Obama administration supplies equipment to Lebanon’s army saying that the USA would be 'gravely concerned' if it ended up in Hezbollah’s hands - 24 November 2016: Russia and terror organization Hezbollah have begun 'official' military coordination in Syria at the behest of Russian regime, establishing 'continual' communication and shared channels between the two sides over what’s happening on the battlefield, as Russia is especially interested in coordinating with Hezbollah’s infantry on the ground in Aleppo
July 2017: 10 July 2017: A young refugee, whose only crime was to cross paths with members of the Lebanese Army as he returned home from night shift at Al-Rahma Hospital in Arsal, reportedly killed under torture by Lebanese Army, as there are still around 400 other Syrian refugees detained by the Lebanese Army with unknown fate - 22 July 2017: Human Rights Watch renews its calls for an independent and transparent investigation into the recent deaths of Syrians in Hezbollah supported Lebanese army custody, as well as allegations of torture and ill-treatment of the detained - 24 July 2017: Lebanese Future Movement stresses that the Hezbollah militia does not have the legitimacy to intervene in Syria and participate in battles in which Syrian civilians are being killed, also saying that Hezbollah’s intervention in Syria serves Iranian and Assad regime