Americas



Americas - Geography of North America - Geography of South America
For thousands of years Indigenous peoples of the Americas - Indigenous languages of the Americas - Indigenous culture of the Americas - Genocide of indigenous peoples of the Americas - Genocide of indigenous peoples
2011 spear points found in Texas dial back arrival of humans: 24 March 2011: Spear points found in Texas dial back arrival of humans in America
2016 sinkhole discovery suggests humans were in Florida 14,500 years ago: 14 May 2016: Sinkhole discovery suggests humans were in Florida 14,500 years ago
July 2020 Indigenous Americans and Polynesians bridged vast expanses of open ocean around the year 1200 and mingled: 8 July 2020: Indigenous Americans and Polynesians bridged vast expanses of open ocean around the year 1200 and mingled, leaving incontrovertible proof of their encounter in the DNA of present-day populations, new studies have revealed
Since 15th century Spanish colonization of the Americas - Spanish Empire (15th century to the 1970s) - Spanish missions in the Americas are Christian missions established by the Spanish Empire during the 15th to 19th centuries, responsible for religious conversions of the indigenous residents, who have been enslaved and partly extinguished by the 'believers', the professional warriors 'conquistadores', using European tactics, firearms, and cavalry in the name of religion - Portuguese colonization of the Americas - Indigenous peoples and ethnic groups in Latin America - History of the Jews in Latin America and the Caribbean - Languages of South America
January 2019: 31 January 2019: New study by scientists at University College London 'Earth system impacts of the European arrival and Great Dying in the Americas after 1492'
European colonization of the Americas - Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas - Languages of North America
27 July 2021 indigenous Americans demand a reckoning with brutal colonial history: 27 July 2021: Indigenous Americans demand a reckoning with brutal colonial history, as in the 21st century - from Canada to Colombia - new protests erupt against legacies of violence, exploitation and cultural erasure
Since 16th century Atlantic slave trade and slavery in the Americas - Afro-American peoples of the Americas - Afro-Latin American - African-American culture
1775–1783 American Revolutionary War, the war of independence between the Kingdom of Great Britain and 13 of its former North American colonies, which had declared themselves the independent United States of America - 1808-1833 Spanish American wars of independence - 1822-1824 war of independence of Brazil and first, second Brazilian republic and 1988 Constitution

Economy of the Americas comprises more than 953 million people in 35 different countries and 18 territories, the difference in wealth across the Americas can be seen roughly between the economies of North America and South America
Economy of Central America, the sixth largest economy in Latin America, behind Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Colombia - Economy of Central America by country
Since 1980s: Since 1980s, for some countries starting in the 1970s, Latin American debt crisis was a financial crisis that originated, often known as the 'lost decade', when Latin American countries reached a point where their foreign debt exceeded their earning power and they were not able to repay it
Economy of North America comprises more than 565 million people, 8% of the world population, in its 23 sovereign states and 15 dependent territories, and marked by a sharp division between the predominantly English speaking countries of Canada and the USA, which are among the wealthiest nations in the world, and countries of Central America and the Caribbean in the former Latin America
Economy of South America comprises approximately 382 million people living in twelve nations and three territories and encompasses 6% of the world's population
Since 1980s: Since 1980s, for some countries starting in the 1970s, Latin American debt crisis was a financial crisis that originated, often known as the 'lost decade', when Latin American countries reached a point where their foreign debt exceeded their earning power and they were not able to repay it
December 2020 Latin America's new 'lost decade' due to covid-19: 21 décembre 2020: La pandémie provoquée par le coronavirus a détruit en 2020 une grande partie de ce que l’Amérique latine était parvenue à réaliser au cours d’années de réformes et d’investissements, la pauvreté a explosé, le chômage a augmenté, et la région doit désormais faire face au spectre d’une nouvelle 'décennie perdue'

North American society - North American society by country - Demographics of North America - Human rights in North America
Social issues in North America: Social issues in North America - Social class in North America - Poverty in North America - Social change in North America - Social movements in North America
Crime in North America: Crime in North America - Violence in North America

South and Latin American society - South American society by country
Demographics of and human rights in Latin and South America: Demographics of South America - Human rights in South America - Human rights in Latin America
Social issues in South America: Social issues in South America - Social class in South America - Poverty in South America - Social change in South America - Movements in South America
Health in South America: Health in South America - Health in South America by country
Health disasters in South America: Health disasters in South America and by country
Since 1980s HIV/AIDS in Latin and South America: Since 1980s HIV/AIDS in Latin America due to a remaining prevalence of the disease, as in 2018 an estimated 2.2 million people had HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean - HIV/AIDS in South America by country
2009 flu pandemic in South America: 2009 flu pandemic in South America, part of a global epidemic in 2009 of a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1, as of 9 June 2009 the virus had afflicted at least 2,000 people in South America with at least 4 confirmed death spreading throughout the continent since May, and as later the most affected country has been Brazil with more than 1m estimated cases and 1,205 deaths
Since February 2020 covid-19 pandemic in South America: Since February 2020 covid-19 pandemic in South America when Brazil confirmed a case in São Paulo, as by 3 April all countries and territories in South America had recorded at least one case
Covid-19 pandemic in South America by country and territory: Since February 2020 covid-19 pandemic in South America by country and territory
19 September 2020 covid-19 warnings ring out as Latin America bids to return to normality: 19 September 2020: Covid-19 warnings ring out as Latin America bids to return to normality, as the region has seen some of the longest lockdowns in the world but experts are urging countries not to reopen too soon
21 December 2020 Latin America's new 'lost decade' due to covid-19: 21 décembre 2020: La pandémie provoquée par le coronavirus a détruit en 2020 une grande partie de ce que l’Amérique latine était parvenue à réaliser au cours d’années de réformes et d’investissements, la pauvreté a explosé, le chômage a augmenté, et la région doit désormais faire face au spectre d’une nouvelle 'décennie perdue'
Healthcare and hospitals in South America: Healthcare and hospitals in South America - Medical and health organizations based in South America
Hospitals in South America by country: Hospitals in South America by country - Lists of hospitals in South America by country
Since 1967 Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information: Since 1967 Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information founded in São Paulo as the Biblioteca Regional de Medicina, a specialized center of the Pan-American Health Organization / World Health Organization WHO
Since December 2008 South American Council of Health: Since December 2008 South American Council of Health, a permanent council composed of ministers from member countries of Unasur to constitute a space of integration concerning health, incorporating the efforts and improvements from other mechanisms of regional integration
Since 2011 South American Institute of Government in Health: Since 2011 South American Institute of Government in Health, a public intergovernamental institution of UNASUR whose main goal is to promote exchange, critical thinking, knowledge management and generate innovation in policy and governance for health, thus offering South American Health Ministries the best available practices and evidences on health management, created by the governments of UNASUR after a proposal of the South American Council of Health gathered in Cuenca, Ecuador, in April 2010
2019 Latin American protests against austerity measures, political corruption in the region and climate change: 2019 Latin American protests, a series of escalating examples of civil disobedience in various countries across Latin America protesting against austerity measures and political corruption in the region
April 2017 French Guiana protests: 2 avril 2017: Les mouvements protestataires en Guyane ont réclamé un nouveau statut pour ce territoire français d'Amérique du Sud qui connaît depuis deux semaines un vaste mouvement social
2017–2019 Peruvian political crisis: 2017–2019 Peruvian political crisis, an ongoing period of political instability in the Republic of Peru during the government of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski and since 7 July 2018 under the government of Martín Vizcarra
2018–2019 Haitian economic and anti-corruption protests: 2018–2019 Haitian protests throughout Haiti that began on 7 July 2018, in response to increased fuel prices, evolving into demands for the resignation of Jovenel Moïse and demanding to create a transitional government to provide social programs and to prosecute allegedly corrupt officials
2018–2019 Nicaraguan protests against poverty, authoritarianism and police brutality: 2018–2019 Nicaraguan protests began on 18 April 2018, when demonstrators in several cities of Nicaragua began protests against the social security reforms, later against authoritarianism and police brutality of the Ortega regime
May-October 2019 protests against Brazil's Bolsonaro regime and climate change: Maio, agosto, setembro e outubro de 2019 protestos estudantis no Brasil em 2019, também chamados de Dia Nacional em Defesa da Educação, ocorreram nos dias 15 de maio, 30 de maio, e 13 de agosto sendo o primeiro grande protesto contrário ao Governo Jair Bolsonaro - Greve geral no Brasil em junho de 2019 - 20—27 de setembro de 2019 no Brasil, nomeadamente em Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Maceió, Recife, São Luís e Salvador, diversas manifestações ocorreram, onde as pessoas protestaram contra os incêndios na Amazônia, contra as indústrias poluentes (termoelétricas), contra as mudanças climáticas e para que todos ajudem a 'salvar o planeta'
October 2019 Ecuadorian anti-austerity protests: October 2019 Ecuadorian protests, a series of protests and riots against austerity measures including the cancellation of fuel subsidies, adopted by Lenín Moreno's administration
October-November 2019 Bolivian protests: October-November 2019 Bolivian protests and marches in response to claims of electoral fraud in the 2019 general election
2019 Chilean protests for reforms in education, healthcare and pension systems, better wages, minimum wage increase, and new constitution: 2019 Chilean protests, ongoing civil protests throughout Chile in response to a raise in the Santiago Metro's subway fare, the increased cost of living, privatisation and inequality prevalent in the country
Since November 2019 Colombian protests against austerity and corruption and in support of the Colombian peace process: Since November 2019 Colombian protests, as hundreds of thousands of Colombians demonstrated in support of the Colombian peace process and against the government of Iván Duque Márquez
2019 ongoing Venezuelan pro-democracy protests: 2019 Venezuelan protests since 11 January, a coordinated effort to remove Nicolás Maduro from the presidency following Maduro's controversial second inauguration
27 July 2020 protest against French colonialism in Martinique: 27 juillet 2020: Deux statues de Joséphine de Beauharnais, épouse de Napoléon 1er qui rétablit l’esclavage, et de Pierre Belain d’Esnambuc, qui avait mené l’installation de la colonie française en Martinique, ont été mises à terre dimanche par des militants anticolonialistes - History of Martinique
Crime and violence in South and Latin America: Crime in Latin America - Crime in South America - Crime and violence in Latin America - Violence in South America
April 2018: 26 April 2018: Latin America has suffered more than 2.5m murders since the start of this century and is facing an acute public security crisis that demands urgent and innovative solutions, a new Brazil-based report warns
Racism and Antisemitism in South America: Racism in South America - Antisemitism in South America - White supremacy in South America
August 2018: 28 August 2018: BDS activists protest Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra concerts in South America
Fascism and Neo-Nazism in South America: Fascism in South America, an assortment of political parties and movements modelled on fascism, although originating and primarily associated with Europe, the ideology crossed the Atlantic Ocean between the world wars and had an influence on South American politics - Neo-Nazism in South America
Environment of North America: Environment of North America - Environment of North America by country - Natural history of North America - Climate of North America
Landforms and ecoregions of North America: Landforms of North America - Ecoregions of North America - List of ecoregions in North America CEC - Climate and vegetation in North America
North American inland temperate rainforest: North American inland temperate rainforest
Water in North America: Water in North America
Environmental disasters in North America: Environmental disasters in North America
Climate change in North America: Climate change in Canada - Climate change in the USA
Natural disasters in North America: Natural disasters in North America
Weather events in North America: Weather events in North America
Heat waves in North America: Heat waves in North America
7 July 2021 North America endured hottest June on record: 7 July 2021: North America endured hottest June on record, as satellite data shows temperature peaks are lasting longer and rising higher
26 July 2021 'record-shattering' heatwaves even worse than in 2021 are set to become much more likely in future scientists say: 26 July 2021: 'Record-shattering' heatwaves, even worse than the one that recently hit north-west America, are set to become much more likely in future, according to research, as E.M. Fischer's, S. Sippel's and R. Knutti's study 'Increasing probability of record-shattering climate extremes' is a stark new warning on the rapidly escalating risks the climate emergency poses to lives
Droughts in North America: Droughts in North America
Wildfires in North America: Wildfires in North America
2021 North American wildfires: 2021 North American wildfires
Environment of South America: Environment of South America - Environment of South America by country - Natural history of South America - Geology of South America - Volcanism of South America - Climate of South America
Natural- and ecoregions of South America: Natural regions of South America - Ecoregions of South America - Ecoregions of the Andes - List of freshwater ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean - Amazon rainforest - Amazon biome
Water in South America: Water in South America - Bodies of water of South America - Rivers of South America - List of rivers of South America
Environmental issues and disasters in South America: Environmental disasters in South America - Sustainability in South America
Climate change in South America, Brazil: Climate change and impacts on South America - Climate change in Brazil is mainly the climate of Brazil getting hotter and drier, as the greenhouse effect of excess carbon dioxide and methane emissions makes the Amazon rainforest hotter and drier, resulting in more wildfires in Brazil, and as parts of the rainforest risk becoming savanna
6 August 2021 'mega-drought’ leaves many Andes mountains without snow cover: 6 August 2021: ‘Mega-drought’ leaves many Andes mountains without snow cover, as satellite images confirm snow decrease spurred by climate crisis as glaciers recede and communities reliant on mountain water face shortages
Deforestation in Brazil and history: Deforestation in Brazil, as Brazil once had the highest deforestation rate in the world and in 2005 still had the largest area of forest removed annually, as since 1970, over 700,000 square kilometres of the Amazon rainforest have been destroyed., and as in 2012, the Amazon was approximately 5,400,000 square kilometres, which is only 87% of the Amazon's original size
Natural disasters in South and Latin America: Natural disasters in South America - Weather events in South America
Natural Disasters in Latin America and the Caribbean: Natural Disasters in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2000-2019
Earthquakes in South America: Earthquakes in South America
Cyclones in South America: Cyclones in South America
November 2020 storm Eta leaves many dozens dead across Central America: November 2020 hurricane Eta over the western Caribbean Sea after becoming the second strongest November hurricane on record - 5 November 2020: Storm Eta has unleashed torrential rains, and catastrophic landslides and flooding in Central America, killing scores of people, displacing more than 300,000, and turning city streets into raging torrents, as at least 50 people died in Guatemala, including 25 who were killed in a landslide in the village of Quejá - 7 November 2020: The death toll from the calamitous Storm Eta in Central America has soared after the Guatemalan military reached a remote mountainous village where torrential rains had triggered devastating mudslides, killing about 100 people and adding to dozens of other deaths in the region
13 November 2020 Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala worst affected by November hurricanes: 13 November 2020: Central America braces for new storms in wake of Hurricane Eta, as Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala worst affected with scores dead and more than 200,000 people evacuated from their homes
15 November 2020 scientists link record-breaking hurricane season to climate crisis: 15 November 2020: Scientists link record-breaking hurricane season to climate crisis, as evidence is not so much in the number of tropical storms the Atlantic has seen, but in their strength, intensity and rainfall
November 2020 Hurricane Iota: November 2020 Hurricane Iota, a Category 5 Atlantic major hurricane impacting Central America, mainly Nicaragua just two weeks after Hurricane Eta devastated the region
Floods in South America: Floods in South America
Droughts in South America: Droughts in South America
Wildfires in South America: Wildfires in South America
January-August 2019 Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, and Paraguay wildfires: 2019 Brazil wildfires, revealed by the National Institute for Space Research INPE, releasing the information that at least 75,336 wildfires occurred in the country from January to 25 August 2019, as neighboring countries of Bolivia, Peru, and Paraguay have also reported wildfire activity - 27 August 2019: As fires continue to rage in Brazil, nearly a million hectares of farmland and unique dry forest have been destroyed by weeks of blazes across the border in Bolivia, where the flames have now reached the country’s Amazon region
2020/2021 Brazil rainforest wildfires: Since January 2020 - present Brazil rainforest wildfires

International organizations of the Americas since Decolonization of the British, French and the Spanish America

Since 1973: Since 1973 Caribbean Community - Member states of the Caribbean Community - 4 July 1973 Treaty of Chaguaramas - Caribbean Community's Single Market and Economy since 2001
Since 1991: Since 1991 Mercosur
2011: 21 December 2011: South America bloc bans Falklands ships
2012: 29 juin 2012: Le Mercosur suspend le Paraguay et va intégrer le Venezuela
2013: 11 July 2013: Angry Latin America wants answers on allegations of USA spying - 13 July 2013: South American leaders sent a tough message to the USA over allegations of USA spying and to defend their right to offer asylum to Edward Snowden
Since 2008: Since 2008 Union of South American Nations Unasur
2012/2013: 18 March 2012: Grouping of South American nations UNASUR reject British oil exploration in the disputed Falkland Islands - 20. März 2012: Britische Fregatte darf Peru nicht besuchen - Lima bekundet Solidarität mit Argentinien im Streit um die Falkland-Inseln - 2 avril 2012: Trente ans après la guerre des Malouines, les tensions restent vives - 5 July 2013: South America's leaders rallied to support Morales over the rerouting of his presidential plane, saying they are not colonies any more and claiming respect - 8 November 2013: The 12-member Union of South American Nations plans to prevent USA spying
Since 2010: Since 2010 Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Celac
2011: 3 December 2011: New Latin America bloc ends first meeting in Caracas - leaders from Latin America and the Caribbean have approved the creation of a new regional bloc that excludes the USA and Canada
Since August 2017: 8 de agosto de 2017 Declaración de Lima adoptada por Argentina, Brasil, Canadá, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Panamá, Paraguay y Perú reunidos en la ciudad de Lima para abordar la crítica situación en Venezuela y explorar formas de contribuir a la restauración de la democracia - 9 August 2017: In a joint declaration released after a meeting in Lima, 12 American countries including Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru collectively condemned the 'breakdown of democratic order' in Venezuela and said they would not recognize any action taken by its 'illegitimate' new constituent assembly

Since 1948: Since 1948 Organization of American States - Summits of the Americas
2012: April 2012 6th Summit of the Americas in Colombia - 15 April 2012: Despite pressure at Americas summit, USA president remains firm against legalising drugs or engaging with Cuba - 15 April 2012: The USA and Canada opposing demands to invite Cuba to the next 'Summit of the Americas' to be held in Panama in 2015 the meeting 2012 ends without a joint declaration - 18 August 2012: USA facing embarrassment in the OAS over Assange on Friday
2015: April 2015 7th Summit of the Americas in Panama - 11 April 2015: Discussion between Cuba's Castro and USA's Obama set to take place today
2016: 13-15 June 2016 46th regular session of the OAS general assembly in Santo Domingo
2017: 19-21 June 2017 47th regular session of the OAS general assembly in Cancun

Since 1951 (2008): Trade Union Confederation of the Americas since 1951 (2008) - Trade unions in North America - Trade unions in South America - List of federations of trade unions Central, North and South America and Oceania - Permanent Congress of Trade Union Unity of Latin America, the Latin American regional organizations of the World Federation of Trade Unions



Antilles - List of Caribbean islands
Caribbean: The Caribbean region consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts - Geography, geology, and climate in the Caribbean region
Demographics, history and economy of the Caribbean: Demographics of the Caribbean - The Taíno at the time of European contact in the late 15th century were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (presently Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico in the Greater Antilles, the northern Lesser Antilles, and the Bahamas, where they were known as the Lucayans - The Island Caribs at the time of Spanish contact were one of the dominant groups in the Caribbean living throughout the Windward Islands, Dominica, and possibly the southern Leeward Islands - The Ciboney, a Taíno people of Cuba at the time of Spanish colonization the most populous group in Cuba, living in central Cuba during the 15th and 16th centuries - Spanish colonization of the Americas since 1492 - History of the Caribbean since the 15th century
14 June 2021 slave cemetery discovered on Caribbean island and former Dutch colony: 14 June 2021: Slave cemetery discovered on Caribbean island, as former Dutch colony was once an important center for the slave trade in the Caribbean, as 53 skeletons have already been uncovered and as first analyses show that they are people of African origin, probably the first generation of enslaved people who were brought to the island, and as many descendants are searching for their roots, like Sherees Timber
Economy of the Caribbean: Economy of the Caribbean
Politics of the Caribbean by country: Politics of the Caribbean - Politics of the Caribbean by country - Foreign relations of the Caribbean and by country - Caribbean regional relations with China, which is defined as the P.R. China (Beijing regime) or the Republic of China 'Taiwan', mostly based on trade, credits, and investments, which have increased significantly since the 1990s, as for many Caribbean nations, the increasing ties with China have been used as a way to decrease long time over-dependence on the USA
Caribbean society by country: Caribbean society by country - Ethnic groups in the Caribbean by country - Ethnic groups in the Caribbean
Education in the Caribbean: Education in the Caribbean - Education in the Caribbean by country
Schools in the Caribbean by country: Schools in the Caribbean by country
Universities and colleges in the Caribbean: Universities and colleges in the Caribbean
Health in the Caribbean: Health in the Caribbean - Health in the Caribbean by country - Health in the Caribbean by dependent territory including 'Overseas France'
Health disasters in the Caribbean: Health disasters in the Caribbean - Man-made disasters in the Caribbean - Man-made disasters in the Caribbean by country
Since 1492 influx of disease in the Caribbean caused by Europe's colonization: Influx of disease in the Caribbean, following first European contact in 1492 starting an influx of disease into the Caribbean, as diseases originating in Europe and Africa came to North America for the first time, resulting in demographic and sociopolitical changes, as enslaved Africans were brought to replace the dwindling indigenous population, solidifying the position of disease in triangular trade
Since 1492 Malaria in the Caribbean: Malaria has had a significant impact on the history of the Caribbean, due to its effects on the colonization of the islands and the corresponding impact on society and economy, as Malaria was not found in the Americas prior to the colonization by Europeans
2013–2014 chikungunya outbreak: 2013–2014 chikungunya outbreak represented the first recorded outbreak of the disease outside of tropical Africa and Asia, as the first locally transmitted case of chikungunya in the Americas was detected in Saint Martin, beginning to spread rapidly throughout the Caribbean region, first to Martinique and Guadeloupe, with suspected cases also in Saint Barthélemy
Since 2020 covid-19 pandemic in the Caribbean: Since 2020 covid-19 pandemic in the Caribbean
8 April 2020 confirmed Caribbean covid-19 pandemic cases: 8 April 2020: Confirmed Caribbean covid-19 pandemic cases listed number of cases as of today, including the Dominican Republic with 2,111 cases, 108 deaths, 36 recovered, Puerto Rico with 620 cases, 24 deaths, Cuba with 457 cases, 12 deaths, 27 recovered, Martinique with 152 cases, 4 deaths, 50 recovered, and Guadeloupe with 141 cases, 8 deaths, 43 recovered
Healthcare in the Caribbean: Healthcare and medical schools in the Caribbean
Crime in the Caribbean: Crime in the Caribbean - Crime in the Caribbean by country
February 2012 Caribbean's high crime rate hindering development according to UNDP: 17 February 2012: Caribbean's high crime rate is hindering development, according to UNDP reports, saying violent crime, police corruption and failings in justice system are having a detrimental effect on business and investment, and could be blocking development - Crime is damaging Caribbean development
15 December 2020 China suspected of spying via Caribbean phone networks: 15 December 2020: China's Beijing regime appears to have used mobile phone networks in the Caribbean to surveil USA mobile phone subscribers as part of its espionage campaign against citizens, according to a mobile network security expert who has analysed sensitive signals data
Natural disasters in the Caribbean: Natural disasters in the Caribbean
Earthquakes in the Caribbean: Earthquakes in the Caribbean - List of earthquakes in Haiti
Hurricanes in the Caribbean: Hurricanes in the Caribbean - Hurricanes in Antigua and Barbuda - Hurricanes in the Bahamas - Hurricanes in Bermuda - Hurricanes in Cuba - Hurricanes in the Dominican Republic - Hurricanes in Haiti - Hurricanes in Jamaica - Hurricanes in the Leeward Islands - Hurricanes in Puerto Rico - Hurricanes in the Windward Islands
Lists of deadliest and costliest Atlantic hurricanes: List of deadliest Atlantic hurricanes - List of costliest Atlantic hurricanes
September 2004: September 2004 Hurricane Ivan and its effects in the Greater Antilles
September 2004: September 2004 Hurricane Jeanne
August 2005: August 2005 Hurricane Katrina
October 2005: October 2005 Hurricane Wilma
September 2008: September 2008 Hurricane Ike
October/November 2012: October/November 2012 Hurricane Sandy
September/October 2016: September/October 2016 Hurricane Matthew
September 2017: September 2017 Hurricane Irma - 6 September 2017: Hurricane Irma, the most powerful hurricane ever recorded over Atlantic Ocean, batters Barbuda and heads to Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico - 7 September 2017: Islands suffer huge damage as Hurricane Irma heads for Haiti and Dominican Republic - 8 September 2017: Irma's destruction, island by island - 12 September 2017: Unicef appeals for international help for Caribbean islands devastated by Hurricane Irma
September 2017: September 2017 Hurricane Jose - 9 September 2017: Hurricane Jose nearly 'category five' as it follows Irma's destructive path - September 2017 Hurricane Maria - 18 September 2017: Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico and the British and USA Virgin Islands brace for impact of Hurricane Maria less than two weeks after Irma hammered the region - 19 September 2017: Caribbean faces fresh devastation as Hurricane Maria hits islands - September 2017 Hurricane Maria - 20 September 2017: After leaving island of Dominica devastated, Hurricane Maria hits Puerto Rico

Greater Antilles: The Greater Antilles, the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea including Cuba, Hispaniola (containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands, constituting over 80% of the land mass of the entire West Indies and over 90% of its population

Lesser Antilles: The Lesser Antilles, group of islands in the Caribbean Sea forming a long, partly volcanic island arc between the Greater Antilles to the north-west and the continent of South America - Geography of the Lesser Antilles
Sovereign states of the Lesser Antilles: Sovereign states of the Lesser Antilles
Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda, consisting of two major inhabited islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles
History, society and economy of Antigua and Barbuda - Natural disasters and hurricanes in Antigua and Barbuda
21 March 2018 Antiguan general election
27 December 2017 after Hurricane Irma Barbuda fears land rights loss in bid to spread tourism from Antigua: 27 December 2017: Nearly four months after Hurricane Irma devastated the tiny Caribbean island of Barbuda, residents fear the central government on neighbouring Antigua is poised to revoke a centuries-old system of communal land rights in what activists have described as “disaster capitalism” at work
December 2020 land grab and wetland destruction in Barbuda: December 2020: 21st century land grab, wetland destruction in Barbuda and legal cases
14 December 2020 Barbudans 'fight for survival' as USA resort project threatens islanders' way of life: 14 December 2020: Barbudans 'fight for survival' as resort project threatens islanders' way of life, as as supporters argue the USA $2bn luxury resort project on the peninsula of Palmetto Point is a vital economic stimulus while critics say it will destroy natural habitat as well as traditions and cultures
Barbados: Barbados sovereign island country is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic and 100 kilometres east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea
History of Barbados inhabited by its indigenous peoples prior to colonization: History of Barbados, as Barbados was inhabited by its indigenous peoples – Arawaks and Caribs – prior to the European and British colonization of the Americas since the 16th century, and as Barbados was briefly claimed by the Portuguese Empire from 1532 to 1620, then occupied by English colonialists and later a British colony from 1625 until 1966 - Timeline of Barbadian history
Economy of Barbados: Economy of Barbados, as main industries include sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export, and tourism
Since November 1966 post-independence economy of Barbados: Since November 1966 post-independence economy of Barbados
Labour in Barbados: Labour in Barbados
Politics of Barbados: Politics of Barbados, still within a framework of constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary government, as democratic traditions since 1966 independance include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association - Since 1966 Constitution of Barbados
Republicanism in Barbados: Republicanism in Barbados
Political parties in Barbados: List of political parties in Barbados
Elections and politics in Barbados: Elections in Barbados
May 2018 Barbadian general election: 24 May 2018 Barbadian general election
September 2020 Labour Party government announced Barbados would become a republic by November 2021: In September 2020 the Barbados Labour Party government of PM Mia Mottley announced in its speech that Barbados would become a republic by November 2021, as the Barbados Labour Party holds a two-thirds majority in both houses of the Barbadian parliament (including all but one lower house seat), enough to approve a constitutional amendment
November 2020 St George North by-election: 11 November 2020 St George North by-election
Foreign relations of Barbados: Foreign relations of Barbados
Bilateral relations of Barbados: Bilateral relations of Barbados
Barbados/Israel relations: Barbados/Israel relations, as countries established their diplomatic relations a year after the island gained independence from the UK, and in 2014, the manual two countries maintain a lively trade of over 2 million USA Dollars
History of the Jews in Latin America and the Caribbean: History of the Jews in Latin America and the Caribbean
Barbados/Kenya relations: Barbados/Kenya relations
Barbados/Nigeria relations: Barbados/Nigeria relations
Barbados/United Kingdom relations beginning 1627 with slavery: Barbados/'United Kingdom' relations, dating back to the 17th century as on a voyage from Brazil British captain John Powell claimed Barbados in the name of England in 1625, and as on a second voyage in 1627 then led by Henry Powell a group of 80 English colonialists - along with 12 African slaves captured from the Spanish-at sea - established the first permanent European settlement on the island of Barbados at present-day town of Holetown, Saint James, and Barbados was transformed into a 'proprietary colony'
17th-20th century Barbados became one of the richest of UK's colonies in the world: With the early introduction of sugar cane, Barbados became one of the richest of England's colonies in the world, and the far eastern location of Barbados made the colony a major port and commercial centre for Trans-Atlantic trade especially with the British city of Bristol
Barbadian British people: Barbadian British people, citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ethnic origins lie fully or partially in the Caribbean island of Barbados
Since World War II 'Windrush generation' to fill shortages in UK's labour market: Since World War II 'Windrush generation', as resulting of the losses during the war, the British government began to encourage mass immigration from the former countries of the British Empire and Commonwealth to fill shortages in UK's and especially England's labour market - Demography of British Caribbean population
Since 2017/2018 'Windrush scandal' concerning British subjects particularly from Caribbean countries: Since 2017/2018 'Windrush scandal', a British political scandal concerning people who were wrongly detained, denied legal rights, threatened with deportation, and, in at least 83 cases, wrongly deported from the UK by the Home Office, as many of those affected had been born British subjects and had arrived in the UK before 1973, particularly from Caribbean countries as members of the 'Windrush generation', so named after the Empire Windrush, the ship that brought one of the first groups of West Indian migrants to the UK in 1948
Since April 2018 legal Windrush battle against Tory government: 16 April 2018: Barbados' High Commissioner Guy Hewitt said the 'Windrush Kids' who went to schools in Britain and paid their taxes are 'being treated as illegal immigrants' and 'being shut out of the system' with some deported or sent to detention centres, also advising people not to approach the Home Office unless they first notified their representative or lawyer, as too many people doing so had been detained - 8 June 2018: Winning the legal Windrush battle against Tory government
16 September 2020 Barbados revives plan to remove Queen as head of state and become a republic: 16 September 2020: Barbados has decided to press ahead with long-running plans to remove the Queen as head of state, saying 'Barbadians want a Barbadian head of state’ and aims to achieve goal by November 2021, prompting speculation that other Caribbean islands may follow suit in the wake of the Windrush scandal and the Black Lives Matter Movement - 22 September 2020: Long live Barbados as a republic, soon to be free of tarnished 'global Britain'
8 October 2020 the injustice of slavery is not over: 8 October 2020: The injustice of slavery is not over, the graves of the enslaved are still being desecrated, as - brutalised in life, debased in death - the horrors are ongoing and that’s why Black history matters, journalist Afua Hirsch says, after transatlantic slave trade by European empires transported between 10 million and 12 million enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas from the 16th to the 19th century in the second of three stages of the so-called triangular trade, in which arms, textiles, and wine were shipped from Europe to Africa, slaves from Africa to the Americas, and sugar and coffee from the Americas to Europe
12 December 2020 UK's Tory MP facing demands to pay reparations for his family’s part in the Caribbean slave trade: 12 December 2020: Wealthy UK's Tory MP Richard Drax urged to pay up for his family’s slave trade past, as the Conservative MP for South Dorset has inherited the Drax Hall plantation in Barbados after his father’s death in 2017, and after the Observer revealed that he now controls the plantation where his ancestors created the first slave-worked sugar plantation in the British empire almost 400 years ago, and as leading figures in the Caribbean Community’s Reparations Commission described the Drax Hall plantation as a 'killing field' and a 'crime scene' from the tens of thousands of African slaves who died there in terrible conditions between 1640 and 1836, and as the Draxes also owned a slave plantation in Jamaica which they sold in the 18th century
Cayman Islands self-governing British Overseas Territory: Cayman Islands, a self-governing British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea, comprising the three islands of Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, which are located to the south of Cuba and northeast of Honduras, between Jamaica and Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, as the capital city is George Town on Grand Cayman, which is the most populous of the three islands
History of the Caribbean: History of the Caribbean, revealing the significant role the region played in the colonial struggles of the European powers since the 15th century.
History of the Cayman Islands: History of the Cayman Islands, under various European governments since 1503, as arriving Columbus first named them 'Las Tortugas' after the numerous sea turtles seen swimming in the surrounding waters and after he had found two more islands, but 1530 and later they were known as the 'Caymanes' after the Carib word 'caimán'
Demographics of the Cayman Islands: Demographics of the Cayman Islands, ethnic groups and languages, as an estimated population of 64,174 citizens in 2018 includes mixed groups with 40% of the total, black citizens 20%, white citizens with 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups with 20% of all citizens
Economy and offshore banking of the Cayman Islands: Economy and offshore banking of the Cayman Islands, as there are just under 600 banks and trust companies in the Grand Cayman, including 43 of the 50 largest banks in the world, and as this large financial presence on the island, banking, investments, and insurance drive the economy
Labour and workforce of the Cayman Islands: Labour and workforce of the Cayman Islands, with a population of 68,076 citizens in 2019, as work permits may, therefore, be granted to foreigners, and as on average, there have been more than 21,000 foreigners holding valid work permits
Politics, government and constitution of the Cayman Islands: Politics of the Cayman Islands - Government of the Cayman Islands - Constitution of the Cayman Islands since 1959 and some amendments
Since 2020 Cayman Islands Regiment: Since 2020 Cayman Islands Regiment of the British Overseas Territory of the Cayman Islands, a single territorial infantry and engineer battalion of the British Armed Forces, and its history since 2019
April 2021 Caymanian general election and new government: 14 April 2021 Caymanian general election, as 'People's Progressive Movement' of Cayman Islands became opposition party with 19.60% of the vote, and 7 of 19 seats, as the 'Independants' won 79.14% of the vote and 12 seats, and as Caymanian attorney Wayne Panton became premier of the Cayman Islands, ahead of British elections in May
Dominica: Dominica, officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island country in the Lesser Antilles region of the Caribbean Sea, south-southeast of Guadeloupe and northwest of Martinique -Geography of Dominica - History of Dominica - Economy of Dominica - main industries include soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes - Agriculture in Dominica accounts for about 20% of GDP and employs about 40% of the labor force - main crop is bananas, output had fallen as a result of Hurricane David in 1979, and suffered a further blow from Hurricane Allen in August 1980
Politics of Dominica: Politics of Dominica - House of Assembly of Dominica
December 2019 Dominican general election: 6 December 2019 Dominican general election
Society, demographics, culture and law in Dominica: Dominica society - Demographics of Dominica - Ethnic groups in Dominica - Indigenous peoples in Dominica - Dominica is the only Eastern Caribbean island that still has a population of pre-Columbian native Caribs (Kalinago), who were exterminated or driven from neighbouring islands, according to the 2001 census there were only 2,001 Caribs remaining (2.9% of the total population), living in eight villages in a 'Special Carib Territory' granted by the British Crown in 1903, the present number of Kalinago is estimated at 4% more than 3,000 - Afro-Dominican, Dominicans of Black African descent are the most of the Dominica´s population, making up 86.8% of the population, while mixed 8.9%, according to the 2001 census - according to the 2014 census the majority of Dominicans of African descent making up 75%, the mixed population 19% and a small European origin minority 0.8% (descendants of French, British, and Irish colonists)
Culture of Dominica - Languages of Dominica - Education in Dominica - Dominica law
Natural disasters in Dominica: Natural disasters in Dominica - Hurricanes in Dominica - August/September 1979 Hurricane David
2015: August 2015 Tropical Storm Erika - 29 August: After storm Erika caused a trail of destruction that included at least 20 deaths and 31 people being reported missing, Dominica’s PM Skerrit says that the island has been set back 20 years in the damage inflicted by the storm
2017: September 2017 Hurricane Irma - September 2017 Hurricane Maria - 19 September 2017: 'We have lost all' says Dominica PM Skerrit, describing the destruction of Hurricane Maria
Dutch Caribbean and Caribbean Netherlands: The Dutch Caribbean refers to territories, colonies, and countries, both former and current, of the Dutch Empire and Kingdom of the Netherlands that are located in the Lesser Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea - Caribbean Netherlands
Aruba island: Aruba island, a small island with 116,576 citizens in 2019 and a constituent country of the 'Kingdom of the Netherlands' in the mid-south of the Caribbean Sea, about 29 kilometres north of the Venezuelan peninsula of Paraguaná and 80 kilometres northwest of Curaçaoa, as Curaçao and Aruba form the ABC islands. Collectively, and as Aruba is one of the four countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands, along with the Netherlands, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten, as the citizens of these countries are all Dutch nationals, and as Aruba's capital is Oranjestad
History of Aruba: History of Aruba, showing human presence from as early as circa 2000 BC, as Aruba's first proven inhabitants were the Caquetio Indians from the Arawak tribe, who migrated there from Venezuela to escape attacks by the Caribs, as fragments of the earliest known Indian settlements date back to about 1000 years, and as in 1636, Aruba was acquired by the Netherlands and remained under their control, only interrupted for some years during the Napoleonic wars
Demographics and ethnic groups in Aruba: Demographics and ethnic groups in Aruba, as its population is estimated to be 75% mixed European/Amerindian/African, 15% Black and 10% other ethnicities, and as the most used language is the Papiamento (Portuguese-based creole) language, spoken in the Dutch Caribbean
List of cities in Aruba: List of cities in Aruba
Economy of Aruba including oil production: Economy of Aruba, as exports include live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, and transport equipment, and as gold, aloe, oil and tourism industries with a labour force of 51,610 workers in 2007 produced a GDP of $3.369 billion in 2019 ($4.377 billion PPP in 2019)
19 June 2021 a review on history of fishing in Aruba: 19 June 2021: History of fishing in Aruba, as fishing has been a family tradition for ages in Aruba
Timeline and 20th-21st centuries history of Aruba: 20th-21st centuries history of Aruba and timeline
Since 1924 Lago Oil and Transport Co. Ltd and Aruba: Since 1924 Lago Oil and Transport Co. Ltd., a shipping company carrying crude oil from Lake Maracaibo to its transshipment facility on the island of Aruba, and 1941-1945 wartime during WWII
1941-1945 Battle of the Caribbean by NSDAP-ruled German empire's U-boats and Italian submarines: 1941-1945 Battle of the Caribbean, referring to a naval campaign waged during World War II that was part of the Battle of the Atlantic, as NSDAP-ruled German empire's U-boats and Italian submarines attempted to disrupt the Allied supply of oil and other material, sank shipping in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico and attacked coastal targets in the Antilles, as later improved Allied anti-submarine warfare eventually drove the Axis submarines out of the Caribbean region
Since 1985 steps for increasing autonomy, remaining promised: In March 1983, Aruba reached an official agreement within the Kingdom for its independence, to be developed in a series of steps as the Crown granted increasing autonomy, and in August 1985, Aruba drafted a constitution that was unanimously approved, but complete independence was rescinded in 1995
25 June 2021 Aruban general election: 25 June 2021 Aruban general election to elect all 21 members of Parliament - 19 June 2021: Aruba Election 2021, as following Aruba’s 2017 elections, the governing coalition was led until March by the social democratic People’s Electoral Movement (MEP) party together with political parties POR and RED
Environment of the Dutch Caribbean: Environment of the Dutch Caribbean
Grenada island: Grenada island country consisting of Grenada itself and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago
History of Grenada: History of Grenada in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles group of islands, covering a period from the earliest human settlements by indigenous peoples, later inhabited by the Caribs, as British colonists killed most of the Caribs on the island establishing plantations on the island, eventually importing African slaves to work on the sugar plantations for profit and the expanding British empire, as - in the 18th century - the control of the island was disputed by Great Britain and France, with the British ultimately prevailing. In 1795 Fédon's Rebellion, inspired by the Haitian Revolution, very nearly succeeded, taking significant military intervention to quell, as slavery was abolished in 1833 following early 19th-century Latin American revolutions and revolutionary wars against European colonial rule (called 'Spanish American wars of independence by the interested British), and in 1885, the island's capital, St. George's, became the capital of the British Windward Islands, as Grenada finally achieved independence from the 'UK' in 1974, as then - following a political and social change by the 'Marxist New Jewel Movement' in 1979 - the island was invaded by the equally interested - namely experienced in the precipitation of emancipatory movements in Latin America - USA troops, and the government was overthrown in a tricky but violent way - Lateinamerika als 'Hinterhof' der USA seit dem 18. Jahrhundert, mit dem sich ausbildenden Gegensatz zwischen dem Unabhängigkeitsstreben lateinamerikanischer Staaten und der Einflußnahme der politisch mächtig gewordenen USA, nun ebenfalls zunehmend wirtschaflich stark auch auf Kosten anderer, politisch weniger mächtiger Länder, bis ins 21. Jahrhundert, zuletzt mit der Trump-Administration 2016-2020 und ihrer Parole 'Make America Great Again', in der Nachfolge von dem 'America First' Slogan von Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, Donald Trump u.a.
Economy of Grenada: Economy of Grenada, as main industries include nutmeg, bananas, cocoa, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace, as main export goods include nutmeg, bananas, cocoa, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace, and as main export partners include Nigeria 44.7%, St. Lucia 10.8%, Antigua and Barbuda 7.3%, St. Kitts and Nevis 6.6%, Dominica 6.6%, USA 5.8% in 2012, and with a total GDP of $1.401 billion in 2015
Politics of Grenada: Politics of Grenada, in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, whereby the PM is the head of government, as Grenada is an independent 'Commonwealth' realm, today governed under a multi-party parliamentary system - List of political parties in Grenada
Politics and elections in Grenada: Politics and elections in Grenada
13 March 2018 Grenadian general election: 13 March 2018 Grenadian general election, as the New National Party won 33,792 votes 58.91% of the entire vote and 15 seats, as the National Democratic Congress won 23,249 votes, 40.53% of the entire vote but no seats, posing serious questions about the the rights of minorities also in a small commity - PM Keith Claudius Issac Mitchell, a Grenadian NNP politician and the longest-serving PM in Grenadian history, holding the office for almost 19 years, who formerly worked as a statistician at 'Applied Management Sciences', providing statistical support to the 'USA Energy Information Administration', as in 1984, Mitchell gave up his professional activities to return home to Grenada after the USA invasion und Ronald Reagan. In the December 1984 general election, he was elected to a seat in the House of Representatives from St. George North West constituency and he has held the seat in each subsequent election
November 2019 Caribbean officials linked to diplomatic passport sale in Dominica and Grenada: 27 November 2019: Caribbean officials linked to diplomatic passport sale, as 'Al Jazeera' exposes politicians in Dominica and Grenada willing to accept money in return for diplomatic passports, reporting about a Grenada investment scheme, also reporting about Dominica's PM Skerrit and an Iranian businessman named Alireza Monfared, linked by hundreds of thousands of dollars and an exchange for an ambassadorship for Dominica to Malaysia
Foreign relations of Grenada: Foreign relations of Grenada
Treaties of Grenada: Treaties of Grenada
Wars involving Grenada and 1983 USA's invasion of Grenada: Wars involving Grenada - October 1983 USA's invasion of Grenada, when the USA's Reagan administration, its military and a coalition of six Caribbean nations invaded the island nation of Grenada, 160 km north of Venezuela, resulting in military occupation within a few days
Grenada and the United Nations: Grenada and the United Nations
Grenada/United Kingdom relations: Grenada/United Kingdom relations
Grenada/USA relations: Grenada/USA relations, bilateral relations between Grenada and the USA, recognizing Grenada on in February 1974, the same day as Grenada got independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and as nations formally established diplomatic relations on 29 November 1974
1983 USA's invasion of Grenada: Wars involving Grenada - October 1983 USA's invasion of Grenada, when the USA's Reagan administration, its military and a coalition of six Caribbean nations invaded the island nation of Grenada, 160 km north of Venezuela, resulting in military occupation within a few days
October 1983 UN says USA's invasion of Grenada 'a flagrant violation of international law': The UN Security Council had not authorized USA's invasion, because the UN Charter prohibits the use of force by member states except in cases of self-defense or when specifically authorized by the UN Security Council, and similarly, the UN General Assembly adopted General Assembly Resolution 38/7 by a vote of 108 to 9 with 27 abstentions, which 'deeply deplores the armed intervention in Grenada, which constitutes a flagrant violation of international law'. A similar resolution in the UN Security Council received widespread support but was vetoed by the USA
October 2003 following USA's and UK's Iraq invasion San Francisco professor Stephen Zunes' review of USA's 1983 Grenada invasion: October 2003: This 1983 invasion of Grenada was 'an easy victory for the United States eight years after its defeat in the Vietnam War and just two days after the deadly attack against U.S. forces in Lebanon. It established the precedent for 'regime change' by U.S. military intervention and served as an ominous warning to the leftist Sandinista government in Nicaragua that the Reagan administration could go beyond simply arming a proxy army like the Contras and actually invade their country outright. It also led to a sudden rise in President Reagan's popularity, according to public opinion polls. Despite the fact that the invasion was a clear violation of international law, there was widespread bipartisan support for the invasion, including such Democratic Party leaders as Walter Mondale, who would be Reagan's Democratic challenger for the presidency the following year, Review by Stephen Zunes, an associate professor of politics and chair of the Peace&Justice Studies Program at the University of San Francisco, and serves as the Middle East editor for the 'Foreign Policy in Focus Project'
Saint Kitts and Nevis: The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis located in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles, it is the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population
Saint Lucia: Saint Lucia sovereign island country in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines island country in the Lesser Antilles Island arc, in the southern part of the Windward Islands
Demographics of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Demographics of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, as estimated its population of 2018 is 110,211 citizens, including groups of African citizens with 66%, Mixed with 19%, East Indian with 6%, and European with 4% of the total population
Economy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Economy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
History of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: History of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
18th century French and British colonisation and the Carib Wars: 18th century French and British colonisation and the Carib Wars
Since 1979 self-rule and independence of St. Vincent: Since 1969/1979 self-rule and independence of St. Vincent, first granted associate statehood status and then giving it complete control over its internal affairs, as - following a referendum in 1979 - St. Vincent and the Grenadines became the last of the Windward Islands to gain independence
9 April 2021 explosive eruption of La Soufrière volcano: Eruptive history of Soufrière Saint Vincent, an active volcano on the island of Saint Vincent, as an explosive eruption occurred on 9 April 2021 - 9 April 2021: The Caribbean island of St Vincent has been rocked by an explosive eruption of La Soufrière volcano, a day after the island declared a red alert and issued an evacuation order
11 April 2021 eruption and crisis continue: 11 avril 2021: Une nouvelle éruption a été signalée dimanche matin sur l’île caribéenne de Saint-Vincent, déjà recouverte d’un épais tapis de cendres et qui connaissait d’importantes coupures d’électricité, après - endormi depuis plus de 42 ans - le volcan de la Soufrière s’est réveillé vendredi, provoquant l’évacuation d’environ 16’000 habitants
Trinidad and Tobago: Trinidad and Tobago twin island country off the northern edge of South America, lying just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles, is part of South America as it lies on the continental shelf
Lucayan Archipelago: Lucayan Archipelago, also known as the Bahama Archipelago, is an island group comprising the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands - Turks and Caicos Islands, consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago
February 2021 Turks and Caicos Islands general election: 19 February 2021 Turks and Caicos Islands general election




United States of America (USA) - Geography of North America and the later USA - Indigenous peoples of the Americas - Native Americans in the USA - Pre-Columbian era - British colonial history of the USA since 1583 - American Indian Wars - Indianerkriege in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika - Slavery in the colonial USA since 16th century - Slavery in the USA - Chronologie der Sklaverei in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika - History of the USA since 1776 - Federal Indian policy in the USA - Indianerpolitik der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika - USA Civil War 1861-1865 - 1 January 1863 Emancipation Proclamation and 8 April 1864 Thirteenth Amendment to the USA Constitution abolishing slavery - Demographics of the USA
Economy of the USA: Economy of the USA - Category: Economy of the USA - Economic history of the USA - Economy of the USA by sector - List of companies of the USA - Companies of the USA by industry
Metals companies and history of the iron and steel industry in the USA: Metals companies of the USA - Iron and steel industry in the USA - Steel industry of the USA - History of the iron and steel industry in the USA
Mining in the USA: Mining in the USA - Mining in the USA by state - Mining companies of the USA
Iron mining in the USA: Iron mining in the USA
Uranium mining in the USA: Uranium mining in the USA - Uranium mining and the Navajo people
Manufacturing and manufacturing companies in the USA: Manufacturing in the USA - the largest manufacturing industries in the USA by revenue include petroleum, steel, automobiles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, and mining - Manufacturing companies of the USA - Manufacturing companies in the USA by state
Aircraft companies of the USA: Aircraft manufacturers of the USA - 1910-2019 lists of USA airliners by decade
May 2020 all-electric aircraft set for first flight: 27 May 2020: World’s largest all-electric aircraft set for first flight, as nine-seater plane should take to skies on Thursday and produce no carbon emissions
Since the 1990s competition between Airbus and Boeing: Since the 1990s competition between Airbus and Boeing, characterised as a duopoly in the large jet airliner market
Since 11 March 2019 Boeing 737 MAX groundings: Since 11 March 2019 Boeing 737 MAX groundings by aviation authorities and airlines worldwide after two crashes of the aircraft less than five months apart killed 346 people, and as on 13 March the USA Federal Aviation Administration – the original certifying authority – became the last in the world to ground the aircraft, reversing its previous stance that the Boeing 737 MAX was safe to fly - 14 March 2019: Satellite data from the Ethiopian Airlines crash that killed 157 shows similarities with the 2018 Indonesian plane crash that had 189 people on board - 14 March 2019: Boeing’s 737 Max fleet 'will remain grounded for weeks', as data from Ethiopian Airlines flight arrives in France - 29 March 2019: After investigators probing the fatal crash of a Boeing 737 Max in Ethiopia have reached a preliminary conclusion, findings based on flight recorder data represent the strongest indication yet that the MCAS system, known malfunctioned in both the Ethiopian Airlines crash on March 10 and the Lion Air crash in Indonesia last year, killing a total of 346 people - 29 March 2019: A lawsuit against Boeing Co was filed in USA federal court in what appeared to be the first suit over an Ethiopian Airlines 737 MAX crash, saying the 737 MAX has a defectively designed control system - 3 April 2019: Boeing anti-stall software on doomed Ethiopian Airlines jet reportedly re-engaged as many as four times after the crew initially turned it off due to suspect data from an airflow sensor
May 2019: 6 May 2019: Boeing did not disclose 737 MAX alert issue to FAA for 13 months - 6 mai 2019: Un an avant le premier incident du 737 MAX, en 2017, des ingénieurs de Boeing avait repéré des anomalies sur l'avion - 19 May 2019: Following two deadly crashes involving the aircraft, USA's aircraft manufacturer Boeing admitted that there were defects in its 737 MAX flight simulators’ software that is used to train pilots
June 2019 alleged cover-up: 24 June 2019: Boeing Inc. is facing a class action from a Canadian pilot claiming the company engaged in an 'unprecedented cover-up' with the FAA related to the 737 Max that damaged the professional and personal lives of more than 400 Max-certified pilots - 27 June 2019: A new software problem has been found in the troubled Boeing 737 Max that could push the plane’s nose down automatically, and fixing the flaw is almost certain to further delay the plane’s return to flying after two deadly crashes
November 2019 Boeing 737s cracks between the wing and fuselage: 6 November 2019: At least three Ryanair Boeing 737s have been grounded due to cracks between the wing and fuselage, but this was not disclosed to the public, British 'Guardian' can reveal
December 2019 Boeing considers suspending or halting 737 Max production: 16 December 2019: Boeing is considering whether to cut or halt production of its grounded 737 Max after the FAA said it would not approve the plane’s return to service before 2020
January 2020 internal Boeing messages since 2017 raise serious questions about 737 Max: 10 January 2020: Communications from April 2017 show employees saying 737 Max plane ‘designed by clowns who are supervised by monkeys’
March 2020 Boeing's 'culture of concealment' led to fatal 737 Max crashes: 6 March 2020: Boeing's 'culture of concealment' led to fatal 737 Max crashes, report finds, concluding Boeing ‘jeopardized the safety of the flying public’ in its attempts to get Max approved by regulators, after in 2011 the manufacturer was 'under tremendous financial pressure' to compete with its rival Airbus’s A320neo aircraft and the speediest solution was to update its 737 fleet rather than develop a new plane
Aerospace companies of the USA: Aerospace companies of the USA
May/June 2020 2 astronauts docked the SpaceX Dragon crew capsule to the ISS: May/June 2020 astronauts docked the SpaceX Dragon crew capsule to the ISS, as SpaceX Dragon, a reusable cargo spacecraft, was developed by SpaceX, a USA private space transportation company - 31 May 2020: Two Nasa astronauts docked the SpaceX Dragon crew capsule to the International Space Station on Sunday in a rendezvous that was also the first pairing in space featuring a crewed spacecraft constructed by the private entity SpaceX company founded by Elon Musk
Shipbuilding companies of the USA: Shipbuilding companies of the USA
Automotive and vehicle companies of the USA: Automotive companies of the USA - Motor vehicle manufacturers of the USA
2017 GM recalls trucks over steering defect: 5 August 2017: General Motors recalls 800,000 trucks worldwide over steering defect
November 2018 GM closing three car plants: 28 November 2018: After GM announced that it was closing three North American car plants – in Oshawa, Ontario, Lordstown, Ohio, and the Hamtramck plant in Detroit – and two additional facilities in Warren and Baltimore concerning 14,700 jobs, Oshawa employees wonder why theirs is shutting down
September/October 2019 GM strike: September/October 2019 General Motors strike affecting 50 plants in the USA, as demands by workers include better pay, better healthcare benefits, and increased job security
December 2019 Peugeot and Fiat Chrysler €34bn merger: 18 December 2019: Peugeot and Fiat Chrysler have agreed terms of a €34bn merger that will create the world’s fourth largest carmaker, as the two parent companies confirmed there will be no plant closures as part of €3.7bn in cost savings from the merger
Technological and industrial history of the USA: Technological and industrial history of the USA
Since 1958 Nasa missions: List of NASA missions, both manned and unmanned, since 1958
Since 2003 New Frontiers program: New Frontiers program, Solar System's planets exploration missions by NASA including Jupiter, Venus, and the dwarf planet Pluto
Since 2006 New Horizons interplanetary space probe: New Horizons interplanetary space probe since 2006 to study Pluto, its moons and the Kuiper Belt - New Horizons website
Since 2011 Mars Science Laboratory: Mars Science Laboratory robotic space probe mission to Mars by NASA since 2011
2012/2013: 6 August 2012: Science rover finishes eight-month journey to Mars and will now seek evidence Red Planet once hosted ingredients for life - Exploration of Mars - 13 March 2013: Nasa tests find Mars may have sustained life
2014/2015: 18 April 2014: Located some 500 light years from Earth, first Earth-sized planet found in 'habitable zone', Nasa says - 15 July 2015: Nasa's New Horizons spacecraft phoned home to Maryland confirming that it had successfully completed the flyby of Pluto - 15/16 July: Nasa unveils Pluto photos and first New Horizons discoveries - 29 September 2015: NASA scientists announce finding that water may flow on Mars
2016 New Frontiers mission: 'Juno' NASA New Frontiers mission currently orbiting the planet Jupiter, launched in 2011 and arrived on 4 July 2016
May 2018 InSight robotic Mars lander: InSight spacecraft launched to explore the insides of Mars on 5 May 2018, expected to land on the surface of Mars on 26 November 2018
June 2018: 7 June 2018: Studies say Curiosity rover has found molecules in rocks in an ancient Martian lakebed, increases in methane gas, providing best-yet evidence that Red Planet could support life
August 2018: 9 August 2018: Nasa will launch one of its most ambitious missions on Saturday, sending a satellite called the Parker Solar Probe into the Sun's outer atmosphere
May/June 2020 astronauts docked the SpaceX Dragon crew capsule to the ISS: May/June 2020 astronauts docked the SpaceX Dragon crew capsule to the ISS, as SpaceX Dragon, a reusable cargo spacecraft, was developed by SpaceX
2016-2023 Nasa Osiris-Rex spacecraft mission to near-Earth asteroid: 2016-2023 Nasa Osiris-Rex spacecraft mission, aiming to obtain a sample of at least 60g from 101955 Bennu, a carbonaceous near-Earth asteroid, and return the sample to Earth for a detailed analysis, as material returned is expected to enable scientists to learn more about the formation and evolution of the Solar System, as overall management, engineering and navigation for the mission is provided by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, and as science team includes members from the USA, Canada, France, Germany, United Kingdom, and Italy
21 October 2020 Nasa Osiris-Rex spacecraft lands on asteroid Bennu: 21 October 2020: Nasa Osiris-Rex spacecraft lands on asteroid Bennu in mission to collect dust
18/19 February 2021 NASA's Perseverance vehicle touches down on Earth’s neighbor Mars: 19 February 2021: Seven months after blast-off, NASA's Perseverance vehicle touches down on Earth’s neighbor Mars, with the purpose of bringing rocks back for study - Mars 2020 was launched from Earth on an Atlas V launch vehicle on 30 July 2020, and confirmation of touch down in Jezero crater on Mars was received on 18 February 2021 - Perseverance rover designed to explore the Jezero crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars 2020 mission
4 April 2021 Mars helicopter touchdown confirmed by NASA: 4 avril 2021: Le mini-hélicoptère de la Nasa Ingenuity, qui était arrivé en février sur Mars attaché sous le rover Perseverance, vient de s’en détacher et est donc maintenant sur la surface de la planète rouge, a annoncé la Nasa, transférant une photo de l'excursion de Pâques 2021, sans covid-19
19 April 2021 Nasa's first controlled flight on another planet: 19 April 2021: Nasa is celebrating the first powered, controlled flight on another planet after its Ingenuity helicopter rose into the Martian sky, hovered for a moment, then gently returned to the dusty surface
Technology companies of the USA: Technology companies of the USA
Engineering companies of the USA: Engineering companies of the USA
Electronics and computer companies of the USA: Electronics companies of the USA - Information technology companies of the USA - Computer companies of the USA - Software companies of the USA
Arms manufacturing and firearms manufacturers in the USA: Defense companies of the USA - Firearms manufacturers in the USA
2015: 10 May 2015: USA first of the world’s top 10 arms exporters followed by Russia - 31 December 2015: Value of USA's gun manufacturers' stocks almost doubled in 2015
Chemical companies, food production and drink companies of the USA: Chemical companies of the USA - Food production companies of the USA - Food manufacturers of the USA - Drink companies of the USA
Cosmetic industry and cosmetics companies of the USA: Cosmetic industry and cosmetics companies of the USA
15 June 2021 toxic ‘forever chemicals’ widespread in top makeup brands, study finds: 15 June 2021: Toxic PFAS 'forever chemicals' are widely used in cosmetics produced by major brands in the USA and Canada, a new study that tested for the chemicals in hundreds of products found, as the peer-reviewed study, published in Environmental Science & Technology, detected what the study’s authors characterized as 'high' levels of organic fluorine, an indicator of PFAS, in over half of 231 makeup and personal care samples. That includes lipstick, eyeliner, mascara, foundation, concealer, lip balm, blush, nail polish and more
Pharmaceutical industry in the USA: Pharmaceutical industry in the USA - Pharmaceutical companies of the USA
Since late 1990s USA opioid crisis: Opioid epidemic (opioid crisis in the USA), refers to the rapid increase in the use of prescription and nonprescription opioid drugs, beginning in the late 1990s, and resulting in an increase in opioid overdose deaths of 47,600 of the 70,200 drug overdose deaths overall in the USA in 2017
August 2019 Johnson & Johnson case: 26 August 2019: The pharmaceutical giant Johnson & Johnson ran a 'false and dangerous' sales campaign that caused addiction and death as it drove USA’s opioid epidemic, an Oklahoma court has ruled in the first judgement of its kind against the drug industry
28 August 2019 Purdue Pharma case: 28 August 2019: After Connecticut-based company has been blamed for fueling the opioids crisis, which has cost the lives of more than 400,000 people across the USA in the last 20 years and still kills 130 through overdoses every day, Purdue Pharma and members of the Sackler family, who own the company that makes the prescription painkiller OxyContin, have offered to settle more than 2,000 lawsuits from USA states and cities for between $10bn and $12bn
21 October 2019 USA opioid epidemic on trial: 21 October 2019: The drug industry will go on trial in federal court in Cleveland, as a jury begins to hear claims by thousands of USA communities that pharmaceutical firms collaborated in a conspiracy that drove the USA opioid epidemic
Textile and clothing companies of the USA: Textile companies of the USA - Clothing companies of the USA
Energy in the USA and fossil fuels: Energy in the USA - USA the 2nd largest global energy consumer in 2010, the majority of this energy is derived from fossil fuels
Fossil fuels in the USA including coal, gas, natural and shale gas, and petroleum
Petroleum in the USA: Petroleum in the USA, as of 2008 the USA was the world's third-largest oil producer after Saudi-Arabia and Russia, the federal zone of the Gulf of Mexico the leading oil-producing area - History of the petroleum industry in the USA - Oil reserves in the USA - Oil companies of the USA - Offshore oil and gas in the USA - Offshore oil and gas in the USA Gulf of Mexico - History of the oil shale industry in the USA
Environmental impact of the petroleum industry: Environmental impact of the petroleum industry
List of natural gas and oil production accidents in the USA: List of natural gas and oil production accidents in the USA
ExxonMobil oil spills: ExxonMobil oil spills
1979-2007: 1979-2007 Greenpoint oil spill, one of the largest oil spills in the USA, located around Newtown Creek in the Greenpoint neighborhood of Brooklyn between 17 and 30 million US gallons of oil and petroleum products have leaked into the soil from crude oil processing facilities over a period of several decades
1989: 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound in Alaska, considered to be one of the most devastating human-caused environmental disasters and the second largest in USA waters after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in terms of volume released
2010: In May 2010 a ruptured ExxonMobil pipeline in the state of Akwa Ibom in Nigeria spilled more than a million gallons into the delta - 2010 Port Arthur oil spill in Texas
2013: The 2013 Mayflower oil spill occurred on 29 March, when the Pegasus Pipeline, owned by ExxonMobil and carrying Canadian Wabasca heavy crude from the Athabasca oil sands ruptured in Mayflower in Arkansas - 9 September 2013: Exxon confirms oil spill in Bass Strait off the Gippsland coast in Australia's Victoria
2016/2017: 2 February 2017: Oil spill near ExxonMobil drilling platform in Bass Strait to be investigated, as spill comes less than 18 months after a fire on the same oil rig and prompts warning from environmentalists over dangers of offshore drilling, after in 2013 Exxon was responsible for a spill from another rig in the Bass Strait
ExxonMobil controversies: ExxonMobil controversies
Since the 1970s ExxonMobil climate change controversy: Since the 1970s ExxonMobil climate change controversy around ExxonMobil's activities related to climate change, especially their promotion of climate change denial
2015 ExxonMobil's role in funding of global warming denial: ExxonMobil Funding of global warming skepticism and climate change denial - 21 February 2015: Work of prominent climate change denier was funded by USA's energy industry - 8 July 2015: USA's Exxon Mobil Corp. knew of climate change in 1981, email says, but funded deniers for 27 more years - 15 July: ExxonMobil reportedly gave more than $2.3m to members of Congress and a corporate lobbying group that deny climate change and block efforts to fight climate change, eight years after pledging to stop its funding of climate denial - 5 November 2015: The New York attorney general is investigating whether ExxonMobil misled the public and investors about the dangers and potential business risks of climate change
Since the late 1980s ExxonMobil human rights violations in Indonesia: Accusations of ExxonMobil human rights violations in Indonesia since the late 1980s
Biofuel in the USA: Biofuel in the USA
Natural gas in the USA: Natural gas in the USA, the nation's second-largest source of energy in 2015 after petroleum as gas provided 29% of the energy consumed, natural gas has been the largest source of electrical generation in the USA since July 2015 - Natural gas fields in the USA - Natural gas infrastructure in the USA - Natural gas pipeline system in the USA - List of pipeline accidents in the USA in the 21st century
Shale gas and hydraulic fracturing in the USA: Shale gas in the USA - Hydraulic fracturing in the USA - Hydraulic fracturing and environmental impacts - Environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing in the USA
Coal mining in the USA: Coal mining in the USA - Wyoming, West Virginia, Kentucky, Illinois, and Pennsylvania produced about 639 millions of short tons, representing 71% of total USA coal production in 2015, the USA is a net exporter of coal, for which Europe is the largest customer - History of coal mining in the USA - Coal mining regions in the USA - Coal companies of the USA - by January 2016, more than 25% of coal production was in bankruptcy in the USA, by March 2017 USA's coal industry employed approximately 77,000 miners, 60,000 jobs have been lost since 2011
Coal mining disasters in the USA: Coal mining disasters in the USA
Environmental impact of the coal industry: Environmental impact of the coal industry
Electricity sector of the USA: Electricity sector of the USA - in 2005 coal provided approximately 50% of electricity in the USA and about 92% of coal consumption went to electricity generation, however in 2016 the EIA calculated that coal would provide only 30% of electricity generation nationwide with natural gas providing 34%, nuclear 19%, and renewables 15% - Fossil fuel power station, a power station which burns fossil fuel such as coal, natural gas, or petroleum to produce electricity - Power stations in the USA by state
Coal power and greenhouse gas emissions in the USA: Coal power in the USA - Greenhouse gas emissions by the USA
2016: 4 February 2016: USA’s use of coal for electricity dropped to 34% of electricity generation, and its lowest point in the historical record, in 2015 - 13 April 2016: Peabody Energy, the world's largest private-sector coal company, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the wake of a sharp fall in coal prices
Oil-fired power stations in the USA: Oil-fired power stations in the USA by state
Natural gas-fired power stations in the USA: Natural gas-fired power stations in the USA by state
Nuclear power in the USA: Nuclear power in the USA - Nuclear power stations in the USA by state - Proposed, planned, under construction or expanded nuclear power stations in the USA - Nuclear power companies of the USA - Nuclear fuel infrastructure in the USA
Nuclear reactor accidents in the USA: Nuclear reactor accidents in the USA since 1955 - Radioactive contamination - Nuclear safety and questions about USA nuclear safety
March 1979: 28 March 1979 Three Mile Island accident was caused by a nuclear meltdown - Three Mile Island accident health effects
February 2013: 23 February 2013: Six underground tanks at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation on the Columbia River in southern Washington State are leaking radioactive waste - 8 June 2013: USA nuclear plant to be permanently shut down after radiation leak, Southern California Edison says - 22 June: Heightened radioactivity levels were found outside a nuclear waste tank at Hanford nuclear site used to make Cold War-era bombs
Renewable energy in the USA: Renewable energy in the USA - Renewable energy companies of the USA - Renewable energy policy in the USA
Geothermal energy and power stations in the USA: Geothermal energy in the USA - Geothermal power stations in the USA
Hydroelectric power in the USA: Hydroelectric power in the USA - Hydroelectric power plants in the USA by state
Solar power in the USA: Solar power in the USA - Solar power in the USA by state - Solar power stations in the USA
Wind power in the USA: Wind power in the - Wind power in the USA by state
Energy policy of the USA: Energy policy of the USA - List of USA energy acts - USA energy independence policy
Fossil fuels lobby and influence of the energy lobby in the USA: Fossil fuels lobby and influence of the energy lobby in the USA
Energy policy debate and controversies in the USA: USA offshore drilling debate - Arctic Refuge drilling controversy - Exemptions for hydraulic fracturing under USA federal law - Debate about nuclear power in the USA - Nuclear 'renaissance' in the USA - Energy policy of the Obama administration
Climate change policy of the USA: Climate change policy of the USA
Explosions, industrial accidents and disasters in the USA: Explosion disasters in the USA
2005-2009: Texas City Refinery explosion March 2005 - 2006 Falk Corporation explosion - Crandall Canyon Mine 2007 - Georgia sugar refinery explosion 2008 - June 2009 Washington Metro train collision
2010: Deepwater Horizon explosion 2010 - Connecticut power plant explosion 2010
April 2013: West Fertilizer Plant explosion 17 April 2013 - 18 April 2013: A deadly explosion ripped through West Fertilizer Plant in Texas
May 2017: 9 mai 2017: Un tunnel s'effondre sur le site de déchets nucléaires de Hanford, dans l'Etat de Washington
Construction industry of the USA: Construction industry of the USA - Construction and civil engineering companies of the USA
Building materials companies of the USA: Building materials companies of the USA
2017 Grenfell Tower fire: 27 June 2017: USA's 'Arconic' says it will no longer sell Reynobond PE cladding material, believed to be a key factor in deadly Grenfell Tower blaze, as building regulations prohibit the use of the material during initial construction, used during renovations to cut cost - 14 June 2017 Grenfell Tower fire
Agriculture in the USA: Agriculture in the USA - major agricultural products corn, cattle meat, cow's milk, chicken meat, soybeans, pig meat, wheat, cotton lint, hen eggs, turkey meat, tomatoes, potatoes, grapes, oranges, rice, paddy, apples, sorghum, lettuce, cottonseed, sugar beets, tobacco, barley, oats, peanuts, almonds, and sunflower seeds
History of agriculture in the USA: History of agriculture in the USA
Colonial farming in British America: Colonial farming in British America
Since 17th, 18th and 19th-century militia system in the British and USA's colonization of North America: As British regulars were not accustomed to frontier warfare, rangers served in the 17th and 18th-century wars of colonists against Native American tribes, employed by colonial governments to patrol between fixed frontier fortifications in reconnaissance, in offensive operations, they were scouts and guides, locating villages and other targets for task forces drawn from the militia or other colonial troops - Militia system in the British colonization of North America - 1792 Militia Acts enacted by the second USA Congress in response to the overwhelming USA losses at St. Clair's Defeat providing for the organization of the state militias and providing for the President to take command of these state militias
1787: 1787 Constitution of USA protected the slave trade and slavery
1830 Native American 'removal act': 1830 USA's 'Indian removal act', authorizing the president to 'negotiate' with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their ancestral homelands
Agriculture by state and agricultural policy in the USA: Agriculture in the USA by state - Agricultural policy of the USA - Food vs. fuel - USA Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy since 1986
2015: 16 November 2015: As big concerns about the Trans-Pacific Partnership TPP deal’s impact on public health, workers, the environment and the legal rights of corporations are already being raised, the text, now made public, shows that the biotech seed industry wins
2016: 29 April 2016: Farm and rural groups ask USA Congress to reject Trans-Pacific Partnership TPP deal - 2 May 2016: Leaked TTIP text shows USA negotiators push to lower food safety standards, farmer protections
Cotton production in the USA: Cotton production in the USA
Wheat production, rice production and corn belt in the USA: Wheat production in the USA - Rice production in the USA - The Corn Belt region of the Midwestern USA where corn (maize) has, since the 1850s, been the predominant crop, replacing the native tall grasses, by 1950 99% of the corn was grown from hybrids and most corn is fed to livestock
Fruit, wine and tea production in the USA: Fruit Belt in the USA - Wine production in the USA - List of USA Viticultural Areas - Tea production in the USA
Agriculture companies of the USA: Agriculture companies of the USA - Grain companies of the USA
2012: 16. August 2012: Kritik an Umwandlung von 40% der Maisernte in Ethanol trotz anhaltender Dürre und Verknappung
Pesticide misuse in the USA: Pesticide misuse in the USA - Health effects of pesticides
Genetically modified organisms in agriculture: Genetically modified organisms in agriculture - Genetically modified crops - Genetically modified food
Genetic engineering in the USA: Genetic engineering in the USA - History of genetic engineering - Biological patents in the USA
2015 genetically engineered Atlantic salmon: 19/20 November 2015: USA regulators cleared the way for a type of genetically engineered Atlantic salmon, that can grow to market size in half the time of conventional salmon, to be farmed for human consumption and made by Intrexon Corporation's AquaBounty, whose shares were up 7.3% in afternoon trading - 19 November 2015: Food-safety activists, environmental groups, the salmon fishing industry, and lawmakers from Alaska oppose the approval of genetically engineered Atlantic salmon 'Frankenfish' and have won commitments from some of USA's most recognizable chains, including Whole Foods, Trader Joe’s and Target, to not sell the fish
Genetically modified food controversies: Genetically modified food controversies
Since 2007: Since 2007 Non-GMO Project, the non-profit organization began as an initiative of independent natural foods retailers in the USA and Canada, with the stated aim to provide non-GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) labeling for products produced in compliance with their Non-GMO Project Standard
2013: 18 October 2013: A new method against genetically modified salmon, get retailers to refuse to sell it
Monsanto agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation: Monsanto agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation in Missouri, a leading producer of genetically engineered seed and of the herbicide glyphosate
Monsanto legal cases: Monsanto has been involved in several high-profile lawsuits, and has been defendant in a number of lawsuits over health and environmental issues related to its products
1980 Vietnam wartime exposure to 'Agent Orange': 25 January 1980: Plaintiffs dying of brain cancer believed to be caused by Vietnam wartime exposure to 'Agent Orange'
2004 'Vietnamese Association of Victims' case: 4 November 2004: After an estimated 3 million Vietnamese were exposed to toxic chemicals during the war, and that at least 800,000 suffer serious health problems today, in February 2004 the newly-formed Vietnamese Association of Victims of Agent Orange filed a class action law suit in a New York court against Monsanto and 36 other manufacturers of the poisonous chemical, but the chemical companies refused to accept liability, claiming the science still does not prove that 'Agent Orange' was responsible for any of the medical horrors - August 2011: Scientific evidence was unearthed i.a. by a five year study since 1997 'Hatfield Agent Orange Reports and Presentations'
2013 dioxin and 'Agent Orange' case: 22 November 2013: The West Virginia Supreme Court upheld approval of the settlement in a landmark lawsuit over pollution of the community of Nitro with dioxin from the former Monsanto chemical plant, approving allegations that Monsanto contaminated Nitro with toxic pollution from the production of the defoliant Agent Orange
March 2017 Monsanto 'Roundup' case and cancer: 27 March 2017: In a lawsuit, filed this month in Alameda County Superior Court, 40 plaintiffs claiming St. Louis-based Monsanto's herbicide 'Roundup' linked to cancer and that they have experienced 'severe' physical problems using the product that has long been marketed as safe - Whitewash: The Story of a Weed Killer, Cancer, and the Corruption of Science (2017)
May/June 2018 Monsanto 'Roundup' hiding cancer danger trial: 22 May 2018: Californian landmark lawsuit filed in San Francisco county superior court claims Monsanto hid cancer danger of weedkiller for decades
30 March 2020 Monsanto and BASF were aware for years about damage on farms: 30 March 2020: The USA agriculture giant Monsanto and the German chemical giant BASF were aware for years that their plan to introduce a new agricultural seed and chemical system would probably lead to damage on many USA farms, internal documents seen by the Guardian show
Dairy farming in the USA: Dairy farming in the USA - List of dairy product companies in the USA
Animal agriculture, meat processing and animal product consumption in the USA: Animal agriculture and animal product consumption in the USA - in 2013 USA meat consumption was second-highest among OECD countries behind Australia at 200.6 lbs per capita annually - Meat processing in the USA
Antibiotic use in livestock in the USA: Antibiotic use in livestock in the USA
Poultry farming in the USA: Poultry farming in the USA - Animal welfare in the USA
July 2020 covid-19 outbreaks at meat-processing plants are being kept quiet: 1 July 2020: Covid-19 outbreaks at meat-processing plants are being kept quiet, as testing has found positive cases at North Carolina facilities, but officials refuse to release the information
Beekeeping in the USA: Beekeeping in the USA - Pesticide toxicity to bees - Imidacloprid effects on bees - 'Imidacloprid' systemic insecticide, belonging to a group of pesticides called neonicotinoids
2016 beekeepers lost 44% of their colonies in a year: 11 May 2016: From April 2015 to March 2016, USA beekeepers lost 44% of their colonies, as 28% of bee colonies were lost over the 2015/16 winter and more than half of surveyed beekeepers said they suffered unsustainable losses
Forestry in the USA: Forestry in the USA
Irrigation in the USA: Irrigation in the USA
Fishing industry in the USA: Fishing industry in the USA
Aquaculture in the USA: Aquaculture in the USA
2017: 24 August 2017: Thousands of Atlantic salmon escape from Washington state fish farm into Pacific, as Canada-based company admits it doesn’t know how many of its 305,000 fish are left after a net ‘failure’ amid concern about the impact on native species
Genetically modified fish: Genetically modified fish
2015: AquAdvantage salmon, a genetically modified Atlantic salmon developed by AquaBounty Technologies and cleared by USA regulators, to enable it to grow year-round and to increase the speed at which the fish grows
Water in the USA: Water in the USA - Bodies of water of the USA
Rivers of the USA: List of rivers of the USA - Rivers of the USA by state - Mississippi River
Water supply infrastructure in the USA: Water supply infrastructure in the USA - Water supply infrastructure in the USA by state - Water management authorities in the USA
Irrigation Districts of the USA: Irrigation Districts of the USA
Drinking water supply and sanitation in the USA: Drinking water supply and sanitation in the USA - List of USA water companies by state
June 2020 millions in the USA facing rising and unaffordable bills for running water: 23 June 2020: Millions of ordinary USA citizens are facing rising and unaffordable bills for running water, and risk being disconnected or losing their homes if they cannot pay, a landmark 'Guardian' investigation has found, as analysis of 12 USA cities shows the combined price of water and sewage increased by an average of 80% between 2010 and 2018, with more than two-fifths of residents in some cities living in neighbourhoods with unaffordable bills
Water pollution and drinking water quality in the USA: Water pollution in the USA - Drinking water quality in the USA - Bottled water in the USA
Transportation in the USA: Transportation in the USA - Transportation in the USA by state - History of transportation in the USA
Water transportation in the USA: Water transportation in the USA - Inland waterways of the USA - Water transportation in the USA by state
Ports of the USA - List of ports in the USA
Rail transportation and history of rail transport in the USA: Rail transportation in the USA - History of rail transport in the USA - Oldest railroads in North America - First Transcontinental Railroad constructed in the USA between 1863 and 1869 west of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers to connect the Pacific coast at San Francisco Bay with the existing eastern USA rail network at Council Bluffs in Iowa
List of rail transit systems in the USA: List of rail transit systems in the USA
Public transportation in the USA: Public transportation in the USA
Public transportation in the USA by state: Public transportation in the USA by state - Rail transportation in the USA by state - Road transportation in the USA by state - Bus transportation in the USA by state - Water transportation in the USA by state - Ferry transportation in the USA by state
Transportation and public transportation in the USA by city: Public transportation in the USA by city - Transportation in the USA by city
Proposed public transportation in the USA: Proposed public transportation in the USA
Road transportation and driving in the USA: Road transportation in the USA - Driving in the USA - Trucking industry in the USA - List of bus transit systems in the USA
April 2021 Biden faces pressure concerning gasoline and diesel cars: 30 April 2021: President Biden has touted the benefits of a boom in electric cars, but as states move to phase new polluting vehicles his administration is pressed to go further
Driverless car accidents and liability: Autonomous car liability - Driverless car incidents - Advanced driver-assistance systems
March 2016: 1 March 2016: Google self-driving car collides with bus in California, accident report says - 9 March 2016: Google self-driving car caught on video colliding with bus, showing that the bus driver was not responsible for the crash
July 2016: 1 July 2016: Tesla driver killed while using autopilot - 12 July 2016: Third recent Tesla crash revealed, as driverless technology remains unavoidably and unacceptably unsafe, and after experts said to launch a beta version of software in public with safety risks is not the way a company should care about the life of human beings
December 2016: 15 December 2016: California regulators ordered Uber to remove its self-driving vehicles from the road on the same day that the company’s vehicles were caught running red lights
October 2017: 4 October 2017: As Silicon Valley heralds progress on self-driving cars and robot carers, more than 70% of USA citizens fear robots taking over our lives, survey finds
January 2018: 24 January 2018: In first lawsuit to involve autonomous vehicle, GM sued by motorcyclist who was 'knocked to ground' in December 2017 in San Francisco as company tested self-driving cars
March 2018: 6 March 2018: As of 6 March 2018 California's DMV has received 59 'autonomous vehicle' collision reports - 6 March 2018: Self-driving cars attacked by angry Californians - 19 March 2018: Self-driving Uber car in autonomous mode kills Arizona's Elaine Herzberg, as Arizona governor Ducey’s - a strong proponent of allowing corporations to test self-driving technology in the state - spokesman says 'our prayers are with the victim' - 22 March 2018: Uber crash shows 'catastrophic failure' of self-driving technology, experts say, after video released of fatal Uber self-driving crash - 31 March 2018: Tesla car that crashed and killed driver on 23 March 2018 was running on Autopilot, firm says
Aviation in the USA: Aviation in the USA - Aviation history of the USA - 18 May 2021: Nasa leads push for electric planes in next frontier of cutting emissions
List of airlines of the USA: List of airlines of the USA
April 2017: 9 April 2017 United Express Flight 3411 forcible passenger removal - 13 avril 2017: Souffrant d'une commotion et d'un nez cassé, Dr. David Dao, qui avait été arraché de son siège à cause d'un vol surbooké de la compagnie américaine United Airlines, va poursuivre United Airlines - 14 April 2017: Dr. David Dao, the passenger violently dragged from his seat by police on a United Airlines flight, will need reconstructive surgery, according to his lawyer, also saying that for Dao being dragged off the plane 'was more horrifying and harrowing than what he experienced in leaving Vietnam' and that he 'has no interest in ever seeing an airplane'
October 2017: 25 October 2017: NAACP has issued a warning to black travelers about flying with American Airlines, following a series of disturbing incidents, including a case when Rev Dr William Barber was kicked off an AA flight after responding to two verbally abusive white passengers, who were allowed to remain on the flight
Tourism in the USA: Tourism in the USA - Tourism in the USA by state - Visa policy of the USA
2017: 28 February 2017: USA tourism experiences a 'Trump slump', as analysts estimate that Trump's presidency has cost the USA travel industry $185m in lost revenue, with significant drop in flight searches and bookings since his inauguration and controversial travel ban
Foreign trade and arms exports of the USA: Foreign trade of the USA - USA trade law
Protectionism in the USA: Protectionism in the USA - USA's tariffs history - List of tariffs in the USA
Since 2009 trade policy of the Obama administration: Economic and trade policy of the Obama administration
2012: 27 August 2012: Congressional report shows that USA's and Obama administration's arms exports tripled from previous year
2015/2016: 22 February 2016: The USA (33%) and Russia (25%) remain largest arms exporters, as Asia (India 14% of global arms imports, China 4.7%) and the Middle East (arms imports rose by 61% between 2006–10 and 2011–15) lead rise in arms imports, says SIPRI - 8 November 2016: The Obama administration has approved more than $278 billion in foreign arms sales in its eight years, more than double the total of the previous administration and brokering more arms deals than any USA administration since World War II, according to figures released by the Pentagon, as most of the $278 billion in approved sales have gone to undemocratic Saudi Arabia and other Mideast allies - 21 December 2016: Hezbollah terrorists are fighting in Syria with USA weapon systems supplied by the USA to the Lebanese Army, a senior Israel Defense Forces officer says, adding that Israel has supplied the USA Obama administration with evidence, including photographs - 26 December 2016: USA increased weapons sales in 2015, maintaining its position as the world’s dominant supplier, as the sale of global arms dropped slightly to $80bn from 2014’s $89bn, according to a new USA congressional study, conform to a study released in November 2016 that found that the Obama administration has approved more than $278bn in foreign arms sales in its eight years, more than double the total of the Bush administration, which approved $128.6bn
Since 2017 trade policy of Trump administration: Trade policy of Donald Trump - Since January 2018 Trump tariffs, a series of tariffs imposed during his presidency
Since March 2018 China–USA 'trade war': Since March 2018 China–USA 'trade war'
USA Banking: Banking in the USA
2013: 8 January 2013: A group of USA banks (Bank of America Corp, Citigroup Inc, JPMorgan Case & Co, Wells Fargo & Co, MetLife Bank etc.) agree to pay more than $19bn to settle complaints stemming from 2008 mortgage crisis - 20 October 2013: JPMorgan Chase will pay reportedly $13 billion to settle claims that it overstated the value of mortgage-backed securities it sold in the run-up to the 2008 financial crisis - 24 October: USA jury rules against Bank of America in mortgage case - 16 November: JPMorgan Chase & Co agrees to pay $4.5 billion to settle claims by investors who lost money on mortgage-backed securities before the collapse of the US housing market - 20 November: JPMorgan agrees to pay $13bn in record US deal
2014/2015: 10 April 2014: Bank of America to pay $772 million for illegal credit-card practices that lured consumers into signing up for added products and services - 20 May 2015: Regulators announce penalties against Barclays, JP Morgan, Citigroup, Royal Bank of Scotland, UBS and Bank of America Merrill Lynch, called 'the cartel', for manipulating the foreign exchange markets 2007-2013
Mortgage industry of the USA: Mortgage industry of the USA - Housing in the USA
Financial services companies of the USA: Financial services companies of the USA
Investment and investment management companies of the USA: Investment companies of the USA - Investment management companies of the USA - Real estate investment trusts of the USA
Hedge fund firms of the USA: Hedge fund firms of the USA - 4 November 2013: SAC Capital agrees to plead guilty to insider trading charges and to pay $1.8bn in penalties
29 March 2021 regulators around the world monitor collapse of Bill Hwang’s hedge fund: 29 March 2021: Financial regulators across the world are monitoring the collapse of the New York-based billionaire Bill Hwang’s personal hedge fund, as the sudden liquidation of Hwang’s Archegos Capital Management sparked a fire sale of more than $20bn assets that has left some of the world’s biggest investment banks nursing billions of dollars of losses
Stock exchanges in the USA and timeline: Stock exchanges in the USA - Since 1792 New York Stock Exchange, since 2000 owned by holding company 'Intercontinental Exchange' - Notable events of the New York Stock Exchange and timeline - Since 1834 Boston Stock Exchange - Since 1882 Chicago Stock Exchange
February 2018: 6 February 2018: Australian and Asian stock markets slide after Dow suffers biggest one-day points fall - 6 February 2018: European markets slide after tumbles in Asia and USA and USA shares suffered their biggest one-day fall in six years - 9 February 2018: Stock market slide gathers pace with big sell-offs on Wall Street and Asia, as volatility and panic selling result in heavy losses across the region
December 2018: 25 December 2018: Following a brutal holiday-shortened session on Wall Street that saw USA stocks sink for a fourth straight session, Tokyo stocks plunge in Christmas rout amid fears over USA economy
Economic cycles, global financial and economic crises and recessions in the USA: Economic history of the USA
18th/19th centuries establishment of the domination of the capitalist mode of production: During the 18th/19th centuries domination of the capitalist mode of production and 'Industrial Revolution', industrialists replaced merchants as a dominant factor in the capitalist system and effected the decline of the traditional handicraft skills of artisans, guilds and journeymen, as industrial capitalism marked the development of the factory system of manufacturing, characterized by a complex division of labor between and within work process and the routine of work tasks and eventually established the domination of the capitalist mode of production, as the surplus generated by the rise of commercial agriculture encouraged increased mechanization of agriculture - British Agricultural Revolution and an increase in agricultural production due to increases in labour and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries - 'Enclosure' in England of consolidating (enclosing) small landholdings into larger farms, as by the 19th century unenclosed commons had become largely restricted
Since the 19th century economic recessions: Working conditions, social structure and standards of living during and since the 18th/19th centuries Industrial Revolution, the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the USA in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840, as economic recessions began and occurred from the late 1830s
18th/19th centuries Industrial Revolution's effects on cotton production and expansion of slavery: 18th/19th centuries Industrial Revolution's effects on cotton production and expansion of slavery, as cotton became profitable, leading to the widespread growth of cotton plantations in the emerging USA and Brazil, as American countries' labour shortages resulting from destruction of Native American cultures made slavery even more attractive as cotton plantations became highly efficient and profitable
Since 19th century USA's territorial expansion, dominance and hegemony: USA's territorial expansion initially at the expense of Native Americans, continued as 'imperialism', consisting of policies aimed at extending the political, economic and cultural influence and hegemony of a violent state over areas beyond its boundaries, including military conquest, gunboat diplomacy, unequal treaties, subsidization of preferred factions, economic penetration through private companies followed by intervention when those interests are threatened, including regime change of democratic elected governments and administrations for instance in Chile, following worldwide overseas empires, as colonists - ensuing the Roman empire since the Middle Ages - initially came from European kingdoms that had more or less highly developed military, naval, governmental, and entrepreneurial capabilities to gain dominance and hegemony
Since 1929 'Weltwirtschaftskrise' and Great Depression: Since 1929 Great Depression, a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the USA, as the timing of the crisis varied across the world lasting until the late 1930s, and as it was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century, commonly described as an example of how intensely the capitalist mode of production and global economy can decline - Seit 1929 Weltwirtschaftskrise zum Ende der 1920er und im Verlauf der 1930er Jahre beginnend mit dem New Yorker Börsencrash im Oktober 1929
2007-2012 global financial crisis and recession: 2008-2012 global financial crisis - Finanzkrise- und Wirtschaftskrise ab 2007 - 2007-2011 recession in the USA
Since 2007/2008 social impact of the economic and financial crisis: Since 2007 effects of the Great Recession concerning unemployment, retail, health, education, travel and more - 17 June 2009: USA is among the countries least affected by the financial crisis, as financial markets have been hardest hit in Argentina and in Eastern European countries such as Ukraine and Hungary - 18 September 2013: The 2008 financial crisis that devastated many Western economies also reaped a heavy toll in suicides among men, a study says
2011/2012 USA jobs creation stalls: 8 July 2011: USA jobs creation stalls in June - 29. Juli 2011: USA-Wirtschaft wächst im 2. Quartal unerwartet schwach - 13 May 2012: JPMorgan admits failures in the bank's trading practices - 1 June 2012: Joblessness rises for first time in a year - 14 September: USA industrial output fell 1.2% last month - 14 September: Federal Reserve to buy more debt to boost USA economy
January 2016 USA stock markets' losses follow worldwide declines due to concerns about Chinese economy, oil prices and markets: 15 January 2016: USA stock markets' losses follow worldwide declines due to concerns about health of the Chinese economy and falling oil price and extend USA markets’ worst ever start to the year
2020 economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic in the USA: 2020 economic impact of coronavirus pandemic in the USA - Financial impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
20 February 2020 stock market crash: 20 February 2020 stock market crash
21 March 2020 worst week since 2008: 21 March 2020: Dow drops more than 900 points, ending worst week since 2008, as stocks plummet, oil prices sink, government directives shut down huge swaths of USA economy, and as new unemployment applications hit record high of 2 million
26 March 2020 record 3.3 million USA citizens file for unemployment: 26 March 2020: Record 3.3 million USA citizens file for unemployment as the country tries to contain Covid-19 pandemic
9 April 2020 covid-19 brought the USA economy to a standstill and 16 million jobs gone: >9 April 2020: 16 million jobs gone in the past 3 weeks after covid-19 brought the USA economy to a standstill
23 April 2020 USA unemployment applications reach over 26m: 23 April 2020: USA unemployment applications reach over 26m, as an additional 4.4 million citizens filed last week, as losses have wiped out all the job gains made since end of the last recession, and as states struggle to keep pace
29 April 2020 USA economy shrinks to worst recession: 29 April 2020: USA economy shrinks 4.8% after covid-19 ended longest expansion in history, and as economic slump in first quarter is worst since 2008 recession, with GDP predicted to fall at annualized 30% in next quarter
30 July 2020 USA's economy faces a dim outlook: 30 July 2020: Having endured what was surely a record-shattering slump last quarter, USA's economy faces a dim outlook as a resurgent covid-19 intensifies doubts about any sustained recovery the rest of the year, as a huge plunge in consumer spending estimated to have sent the economy sinking at a roughly 32% annual rate in the April-June quarter, later reported at an annualised rate of 32.9% in the second quarter
29 April 2021 USA economy took off in the first quarter soaring 6.4%: 29 April 2021: The USA economy took off in the first quarter soaring 6.4% as rising vaccinations, a massive round of government stimulus and a steady recovery in the jobs market helped reverse some of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic
2 July 2021 mixed economic data following second quarter: 2 July 2021: Wall Street hits new highs on ‘Goldilocks’ jobs report, as USA economy added 850,000 new jobs in June, strong gains in leisure and hospitality and average hourly earnings up 0.3%, but as unemployment rate rose to 5.9%, and as European Central Bank’s Christine Lagarde has cautioned that the eurozone recovery remains fragile, as it rebounds from the slump of the pandemic - 3 July 2021: USA's June numbers suggest economy is continuing to recover at steady pace, but another pattern shows people are quitting their jobs
22 July 2021 USA jobless claims unexpectedly rise to 419,000: 22 July 2021: USA jobless claims unexpectedly rise to 419,000, most since March, up 51,000 from the prior week, USA Labor Department data revealed
Bankruptcy in the USA: Bankruptcy in the USA - Local government in the USA
Detroit bankruptcy 2013: Detroit filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy on July 18, 2013 - Decline of Detroit - 19 July 2013: Detroit has become the largest US city ever to file for bankruptcy, with debts of at least $15bn - 20 July: Rule against Detroit bankruptcy case immediately challenged - 24 July: Fight over Detroit bankruptcy begins in federal court - 2 August: Even when jobs return, Detroit's workers fall short on skills after decades of crisis and decline, that left many unskilled workers behind
Labor force in the USA: The labor force in the USA is the actual number of people available for work and is the sum of the employed and the unemployed, approximately 161 million persons in January 2018 in the USA
Labor relations and labor history of the USA: Labor relations in the USA by state - Since 1776-1789 labor history of the USA, describing the history of organized labor, labor law, and more general history of working people in the USA - African-American working class in the USA - Hispanic and Latino American working class in the USA - White American working class in the USA
Labor unions in the USA: Labor unions in the USA are organizations that represent workers in many industries recognized under USA labor law, today centering on collective bargaining over wages, benefits, and working conditions for their membership, and on representing their members in disputes with management over violations of contract provisions - Public-sector trade unions in the USA
Lists of labor unions in the USA: Trade unions in the USA by occupation and subject - Trade unions in the USA by state - List of labor unions in the USA
Since 1955 AFL-CIO: Since 1955 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations AFL-CIO, the largest federation of unions in the USA, made up of 55 national and international unions, together representing more than 12 million active and retired workers
December 2015 'the working people must reject' Trump's program: 28 December 2015: 'The working people must reject his program and unite as one to build a society free of the dark and reactionary politics of people like Donald Trump' and the ugly face of american fascism, AFL–CIO's Richard Lipsitz says
11 June 2020 new tactic against influence of police unions: 11 June 2020: As protests against police brutality continue across the USA, a new tactic is emerging to combat the huge influence of police unions, namely kicking them out of the USA labor movement, as police unions and labor groups, like other unions usually represent their members in debates over pay and working conditions, but are controversial for being dominated by white leaders, often deeply conservative and hostile to criticism of police officers or attempts at police reform
12 November 2020 USA workers struggle as covid-19 cases rise: 12 November 2020: Workers faced layoffs and furloughs, and those who returned are adapting to a new work environment, as winter approaches and e.g. restaurant workers struggle because USA covid-19 cases rise amid a coming hard winter’ - 12 November 2020: New California law will exempt drivers from basic protections afforded to other workers, as companies promised to roll out their model nationwide, foretelling a grim future for gig workers across the USA
13 June 2021 workers fight for improvements to wages and benefits, concerned and angry over working conditions during covid crisis: 13 June 2021: Workers who were deemed essential during the covid-19 pandemic and publicly praised for continuing to work in-person are now fighting for permanent improvements to working conditions, wages and benefits as safety protections are lifted and they still grapple with the impact of working through the long crisis
Contemporary slavery and labor trafficking in the USA: Contemporary slavery in the USA - Labor trafficking in the USA - Labor trafficking in the agriculture, fishing, garment industry and domestic labor of the USA - History of unfree labor in the USA
July 2018: 19 July 2018: More than 400,000 people could be living in 'modern slavery' in the USA, a condition of servitude broadly defined in a new study as forced and state-imposed labor, sexual servitude and forced marriage, according to data of the 'Walk Free Foundation'
Since 1800 gender and the USA labor force: Since 1800 gender and the USA labor force
2017: 1 March 2017: As of 2017 women make up 47% of the total labor force in the USA with 70% of them mothers with children under 18 years of age, according to the USA Department of Labor Blog, also saying that there are 74.6 million women in the civilian labor force in the USA and that more than 39% of women work in occupations where women make up at least three-quarters of the workforce
Foreign-born citizens in the USA's labor force: Foreign-born citizens in the USA's labor force (immigrants)
2018: 6 July 2018: There were 27.8 million foreign-born workers in the labor force as of January 2018
Child labor in the USA: Child labor in the USA - Since 1904 National Child Labor Committee, a private, non-profit organization in the USA that serves as a leading proponent for the national child labor reform movement to promote 'the rights, awareness, dignity, well-being and education of children and youth as they relate to work and working'
Cooperatives in the USA: Cooperatives in the USA - Cooperatives in the USA by state
Worker cooperatives of the USA: Worker cooperatives of the USA
Since 2004 Federation of Worker Cooperatives: Since 2004 Federation of Worker Cooperatives USFWC, a federation of worker cooperatives in the USA founded at the Conference of Democratic Workplaces in Minneapolis and headquartered in San Francisco - Federation of Worker Cooperatives' website
Agricultural cooperatives in the USA: Agricultural cooperatives in the USA
Energy cooperatives in the USA: Energy cooperatives in the USA - Electric cooperatives of the USA
Food cooperatives in the USA: Food cooperatives in the USA
Retailers' cooperatives in the USA: Retailers' cooperatives in the USA
Housing cooperatives in the USA: Housing cooperatives in the USA
Cooperative banks in the USA: Cooperative banks in the USA
Unemployment and social insecurity in the USA: Unemployment in the USA
2012/2013: 5 October 2012: Unemployment rate comes down to 7.8% as economy adds 114.000 new jobs in potential boost for Obama - 18 September 2013: The 2008 financial crisis that devastated many Western economies also reaped a heavy toll in suicides among men, a study says
2016: 12 November 2016: Over the past two decades, corporate capitalism coupled with rapid technological change has made working-class jobs far less plentiful and secure and has made working-class skills less valued, Haaretz' Eva Illouz explains following the November 2016 USA elections
January 2019: 4 January 2019: While hundreds of thousands of federal workers go without pay and the government is partially shut down, scores of senior Trump political appointees are poised to receive annual raises of about $10,000 a year, amid Trump's federal government shutdown of 2018–2019 - 13 January 2019: Federal workers count cost of shutdown, as poll shows 53% of USA citizens blame Trump and Republicans for shutdown - 26 January 2019: Food banks helped keep federal workers fed through the shutdown
March/April 2020 record 3.3 and 6.6 million USA citizens file for unemployment: 26 March 2020: Record 3.3 million USA citizens file for unemployment as the country tries to contain Covid-19 pandemic - 2 April 2020: Another 6.6 million joined the USA unemployment rolls last week, as latest claims brought the two-week total to nearly 10 million, and as pressure builds on Congress to do more to help workers and businesses
30 April 2020 30 million USA citizens have now sought unemployment benefits: 30 April 2020: Another 3.8 million people lost their jobs in the USA last week as covid-19 pandemic continued to batter the economy, as unprecedented 30 million USA citizens have now sought unemployment benefits and the numbers are still growing, as figures are also still undercounting the number of people out of work
21 May 2020 nearly 39 million citizens lost their jobs in just 9 weeks: 21 May 2020: Another 2.4 million USA citizens filed for unemployment insurance last week even as states began opening up for business again, and as nearly 39 million citizens have lost their jobs in just nine weeks
28 May 2020 USA job losses pass 40m caused by covid-19 crisis: 28 May 2020: USA job losses pass 40m as covid-19 crisis sees claims rise 2.1m in a week
16 July 2020 1.3m more file for unemployment: 16 July 2020: 1.3m more file for unemployment as USA economy continues to reel, coming as additional federal funding offered to those on unemployment is set to expire
17 July 2020 millions of USA workers lost health insurance, facing salary cuts: 17 July 2020: As millions of workers around the USA remain out of work due to the coronavirus pandemic, employers are pushing cuts to wages, eliminating health insurance and other benefits, and terminating workers rather than furloughing them
23 July 2020 USA weekly unemployment claims rise to 1.4m: 23 July 2020: USA weekly unemployment claims rise to 1.4m, as figures come as Congress debates an extension to the $600 weekly lifeline for those on unemployment benefits
Income inequality and social class in the USA: Income in the USA - Income inequality in the USA - Inequality based on ethnicity in the USA - Causes of income inequality in the USA - Wealth in the USA - Wealth inequality in the USA - Social class in the USA
2016 wage gap between white and black USA citizens: 20 September 2016: Wage gap between white and black USA citizens is worse today than in 1979, as black men’s average hourly wages went from being 22.2% lower in 1979 to 31.0% lower in 2015, and for black women the wage gap went from 6% to 19%
2017 increasing inequality in the USA: 6 April 2017: Increasing inequality in the USA means wealthy citizens can now expect to live up to 15 years longer than their poor counterparts, according to 'Lancet' researchers, arguing healthcare should be treated as human right - 17 May 2017: USA's geography of wealth, the shrinking urban middle class visualised in a study - 4 June 2017: Economics professor Richard Reeves' findings say that the top echelons of the USA middle class, those earning over $120,000, are separating from the rest of the country, and pulling up the drawbridge behind them - 8 November 2017: The three richest people in the USA – Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos and Warren Buffett – own as much wealth as the bottom half of the USA population, or 160 million people, according to the Institute for Policy Studies, saying that the growing gap between rich and poor creates a 'moral crisis' and that Donald Trump’s tax change proposals would 'exacerbate existing wealth disparities' as 80% of tax benefits would end up going to the wealthiest 1% of households - 18 December 2017: Poverty and inequality rates in the USA are alarming, poised to worsen under President Trump and threatening the nation's democracy, according to UN official Philip Alston
March 2018 income gap between white and black USA citizens: 20 mars 2018: Les écarts de richesse entre hommes noirs et blancs aux Etats-Unis sont importants et persistent sur plusieurs générations, constate une étude des universités Stanford et Harvard, datée de mars 2018
15 January 2021 billionaires backed Republicans who sought to reverse US election results: 15 January 2021: Billionaires backed Republicans who sought to reverse USA election results, as 'Guardian' analysis shows Club for Growth has spent $20m supporting 42 rightwing lawmakers who voted to invalidate Biden victory
Native Americans and reservation inequality in the USA: Native Americans and reservation inequality in the USA
Reservation poverty in the USA: USA's Native Americans' reservations face unique conditions and challenges of poverty, income, employment, and educational attainment in these areas are considerably lower than national averages
Poverty, homelessness and hunger in the USA: Poverty in the USA - List of USA states by poverty rate - Homelessness in the USA - Hunger in the USA
2012/2013: 24 July 2012: USA poverty rates higher, safety net weaker than in peer countries - 15 November 2012: Almost 20 percent of American children continue to live in poverty, the USA Census Bureau says - 17 May 2013: One-fifth of American children and teens suffer from a mental disorder, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say - 18 September 2013: USA shameful poverty statistics - 27 November 2013: 20 per cent of New York children without enough to eat, annual report by the New York City Coalition Against Hunger says
2014: 23 January 2014: Mapping poverty in the USA - 17 June: IMF calls on the USA to tackle poverty, saying that almost 50 million citizens were living in poverty - 18 June: Eight million mostly female workers and their families rely on federally supported low-wage jobs, Demos reports says and calls on Obama to raise living standards
2015: 16 September 2016: USA’s poverty problem hasn’t changed, but the ways the Census Bureau chooses to measure it
2016: 16 July 2016: It's not a wage gap in the USA, it's poverty and it's why the USA needs a development agenda
December 2017: 1 December 2017: UN monitor on extreme poverty and human rights Philip Alston starts USA tour to hold the world’s richest nation and its president to account for the hardships endured by its most vulnerable citizens, asking wether they can enjoy fundamental human rights if they’re unable to meet basic living standards - 6 December 2017: USA's homeless population has risen in 2017 for the first time since the Great Recession, propelled by the housing crisis afflicting the west coast, according to a new federal study
June 2018: 1 June 2018: Donald Trump is deliberately forcing millions of Americans into financial ruin, cruelly depriving them of food and other basic protections while lavishing vast riches on the super-wealthy, UN's Philip Alston warns
USA Armed Forces: United States of America Armed Forces
Timeline of wars involving the USA and military operations since 1775: Timeline of USA military operations since 1775 - List of wars involving the USA - Timeline of the USA at war
USA war crimes: USA war crimes
Military equipment of the USA: Military equipment of the USA - Equipment of the USA Air Force - USA military aircraft - Equipment of the USA army - List of equipment of the USA army - Equipment of the USA navy - Naval ships of the USA - Military electronics of the USA - Weapons of the USA
USA and weapons of mass destruction: United States of America and weapons of mass destruction
Nuclear weapons and the USA: Nuclear weapons and the USA - Nuclear missiles of the USA
Since 1939-1945: 'Einstein–Szilárd letter' sent to USA's Franklin D. Roosevelt on 2 August 1939, warning that Germany might develop atomic bombs - USA's 'Manhattan Project' since 1942 was a research and development project that produced the first nuclear weapons during World War II - 'Trinity' nuclear test, the first detonation of a nuclear weapon on 16 July 1945, as part of USA's Manhattan Project and approved by the government on 25 July, warning aggressors and war criminals - Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki - Debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Nuclear weapons infrastructure of the USA: Nuclear weapons infrastructure of the USA
Renovation of the nuclear weapon arsenal of the USA: Renovation of the nuclear weapon arsenal of the USA
Missiles of the USA military: List of active missiles of the USA military - Guided missiles of the USA - Ballistic missiles of the USA
2017: 30 May 2017: USA missile defense reaches milestone with successful test against ICBM
Personnel of the USA Armed Forces: Personnel of the USA Armed Forces - Lists of military units and formations of the USA
Since 1991 reported incidents of sexual assault in the USA military: Since 1991 reported incidents of sexual assault in the USA military
Since March 2003 Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse: Since March 2003 Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse committed by personnel of the United States Army and the Central Intelligence Agency CIA
2013: 14 March 2013: USA legislators have expressed outrage over the military justice system's failure to deal effectively with rape and sexual assault crimes, saying a system that had about 19.000 cases a year but only brought 240 to trial was not working
3 June 2013 United States v. Bradley Manning (ongoing) - July 12, 2007 Baghdad airstrike - release of 39 minutes of classified cockpit gunsight footage in 2010
2014: 16 January 2014: USA suspends 34 nuclear missile officers over exam cheating
2015: 10 August 2015: As just over 73,000 USA World War II soldiers are still missing or unidentified, from the forests of Germany to the jungles of Asia and Oceania, USA experts are searching for disappeared soldiers to reunite them with their families
2017: 27 July 2017: Trump to ban transgender USA military personnel, creating uncertainty about the fate of thousands of transgender service members
Armed Forces shootings and suicides: Armed Forces shootings
2009: 5 November 2009 Fort Hood shooting
2013: 15 January 2013: The number of 349 active-duty USA troops committing suicide set a record in 2012, exceeding the number of combat deaths - 23 March 2013: USA marine kills two at Quantico base, takes own life in the second fatal non-combat incident involving marines this week - 17 May 2013: A USA army sergeant convicted of killing five of his colleagues in Iraq in May 2009 jailed for life
2014: 2 April 2014 Fort Hood shooting - 3 April 2014: Four people killed, including shooter who served in Iraq, and 16 wounded in a shooting at Fort Hood
Accidents and incidents involving USA Air Force aircraft: Accidents and incidents involving USA Air Force aircraft
2017: 11 July 2017: A USA military aircraft has crashed in the state of Mississippi, killing at least five people
List of USA military bases: List of USA military bases - Lists of USA military installations
USA Department of Defense and Pentagon: USA Department of Defense, an executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the USA armed forces, the largest employer in the world with nearly 1.3 million active-duty service members (soldiers, marines, sailors, airmen) as of 2016 - The Pentagon is the headquarters of the USA Department of Defense
Organizational structure of the USA Department of Defense: Organizational structure of the USA Department of Defense
Military projects and programs of the USA: Military projects and programs of the USA - USA secret military programs - Black projects - Proposed weapons of the USA
August 2019 Pentagon testing mass surveillance balloons: 2 August 2019: Pentagon testing mass surveillance balloons across the USA, carrying high tech radars designed to simultaneously track many individual vehicles day or night, through any kind of weather
Military budget of the USA: Military budget of the USA
December 2011: 16. Dezember 2011: Weitere Stärkung der Rolle des USA-Militärs - unbegrenzte Haft Terrorverdächtiger ohne Prozeß
January 2013 $633b defense bill: 3 January 2013: Obama signs $633b defense bill, tightening Iran penalties
12 December 2020 USA's $740,5b military budget 2021: 12 décembre 2020: Le Congrès a définitivement adopté vendredi un budget de 740,5 milliards de dollars pour la défense des États-Unis en 2021, bravant la menace d’un veto de Donald Trump, prévoyant notamment une hausse de 3% des salaires du personnel de défense et demandant à l’exécutif d’imposer des sanctions à la Turquie pour l’achat par Ankara du système de défense aérienne russe S-400
USA federal budget, taxation and public debt: USA federal budget - Taxation in the USA - USA public debt
2011/2012: 18. Mai 2011: USA-Staatsschulden mit 14,29 Billionen $ an Obergrenze - 17. November 2011: USA-Staatsverschuldung über 15 Billionen Dollar - 31. Januar 2012: US Haushaltsdefizit von 1,1 Billionen Dollar erwartet - 13 October: USA deficit tops $1 trillion for fourth year - 13 November: The USA budget deficit rose 22 percent in October from a year ago, to $120.0 billion
2013: 15 mai 2013: Les Etats-Unis devraient réduire leur déficit de plus de 40% en 2013, selon le Bureau du budget du Congrès américain - USA federal government shutdown of 2013 - 18 octobre 2013: La dette publique a dépassé son précédent plafond
2017: 27 February 2017: White House officials say Trump's first budget will uphold campaign promise to build up military, at the expense of environmental programmes and foreign aid, expected to be biggest casualty
12 December 2020 USA military budget 2021: 12 décembre 2020: Le Congrès a définitivement adopté vendredi un budget de 740,5 milliards de dollars pour la défense des États-Unis en 2021, bravant la menace d’un veto de Donald Trump, prévoyant notamment une hausse de 3% des salaires du personnel de défense et demandant à l’exécutif d’imposer des sanctions à la Turquie pour l’achat par Ankara du système de défense aérienne russe S-400
Politics of the USA: Politics of the USA - United States Declaration of Independence ratified 4 July 1776
Since 1787/1788 USA wartime constitution: September 1787 United States of America constitution, ratified 21 June 1788 - 1776–1865 independence and expansion of the USA
Political parties and organizations in the USA: Political parties in the USA - Civic and political organizations of the USA
Since 1828 Democratic Party of the USA: Since 1828 Democratic Party, one of the two major contemporary political parties in the USA
21 November 2020 democratic senator Chris Coons opposes reentering Iran deal under previous terms: 21 November 2020: Top Democratic senator opposes reentering Iran deal under previous terms, as Chris Coons, seen as potential Biden pick for secretary of state, says USA government must demand limits on Iranian regime’s ballistic missiles and proxy groups, and as recent days have seen representatives of several Mideast nations voice their opposition to USA's return to the deal in its previous form
Since 1854 Republican Party of the USA: Since 1854 Republican Party of the USA, one of the two major contemporary political parties along with the Democratic Party
29 November 2020 RP trying to move away from a white- and male-dominated party: 29 November 2020: With dozens of new Republican congresswomen moving away from a white- and male-dominated party is the only way for it to survive, pollster says
USA's minor parties including the Libertarian, Green, and Constitution parties: USA's minor parties, the largest of which - on the basis of support for their presidential candidates in the 2016 election - are the Libertarian, Green, and Constitution parties
Federal government of the USA: Federal government of the USA - Subdivisions of the USA - Political divisions of the USA - States and territories of the USA - List of USA states and territories by population
United States of America Congress: United States of America Congress, the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the USA consisting of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives, meeting in Washington D.C.'s Capitol, the name coming from Latin and Roman Empire's temple to Jupiter Optimus Maximus on Capitoline Hill
USA House of Representatives and committees: USA House of Representatives - List of USA House of Representatives committees, including Standing and Non-standing committees
USA House Committee on the Judiciary: USA House Committee on the Judiciary, a standing committee of the USA House of Representatives, charged with overseeing the administration of justice within the federal courts, administrative agencies and Federal law enforcement entities, as the Judiciary Committee is also the committee responsible for impeachments of federal officials
4 June 2021 judiciary committee to question Trump’s former White House counsel Don McGahn behind closed doors: 4 June 2021: The House judiciary committee is poised to question Donald Trump’s former White House counsel Don McGahn behind closed doors on Friday, two years after House Democrats originally sought his testimony as part of investigations into the former president
USA Senate: USA Senate - List of USA Senate committees, including Standing and Non-standing committees
List of USA federal politicians convicted of crimes: List of USA federal politicians convicted of crimes
President and presidents of the USA: President of the United States of America - Powers of the President of the USA according to wartime constitution - Executive Office of the President of the USA - List of Presidents of the USA - George Washington (1732-1799), the first President and commander-in-chief of the USA 1789–1797, his role in the 1754–1763 French and Indian War in North America, fought between the colonies of British America and New France, supported by European units as well as allies of Native American, the victims of European military, his role in the 1765-1783 American Revolution and the 1775–1783 American War of Independence, and his exploitation of slavery and hundreds of slaves, giving his overseers written authorization to whip those enslaved people he considered to be in need of such abuse - Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), the 16th President of the USA from 1861 until his assassination in April 1865, led the USA through its Civil War resulting in the abolishment of slavery - Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924), the 28th President of the USA 1913-1921, leading the country through Germany's and Austria's aggressions and World War I, and his 'Fourteen Points' principles for world peace to be used for negotiations in order to end the World War - Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945), the 32th President of the USA 1933-1945, leading the USA during the worldwide economic depression since August 1929, Germany's, Italy's and Japan's aggressions and World War II, initiating talks on a successor agency to the League of Nations, and drafting the text of the 'Declaration by United Nations' together with British PM Winston Churchill and Roosevelt's adviser Harry Hopkins in December 1941 - Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973), the 36th President of the USA 1963-1969, the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving him authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of conventional military force in Southeast Asia, and its 1971 repeal, during the 1955-1975 Vietnam War following a large number of war crimes, including USA massacres of civilians and bombings of civilian targets - Richard Nixon (1913-1994), the 37th President of the USA 1969-1974, his 1969–75 'Vietnamization' of the USA's Vietnam War, his administration's attempt of cover-up of its involvement in the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington - Since 1971 'Pentagon Papers', revealing that the USA had secretly enlarged the scale of the Vietnam War with the bombings of nearby Cambodia and Laos, coastal raids on North Vietnam, and Marine Corps attacks - George W. Bush (born 1946), the 43rd President of the USA 2001-2009 and the, 2003-2011 Iraq War, that began with the 2003 invasion of Iraq by a USA-led coalition - Casualties of the Iraq War - October 2010 'The Iraq War Logs', released Iraq war documents by 'WikiLeaks', recording 66,081 civilian deaths out of 109,000 recorded deaths, then resulting in the 'Iraq Body Count project' adding 15,000 civilian deaths to their count, bringing their total to over 150,000, with roughly 80% of those civilians - Debated legality of the Iraq War and war of aggression - Humanitarian crises of the Iraq War - Barack Obama (born 1961), the 44th President of the USA 2009-2017 and the first African American to hold the office - Since 2013 Global surveillance disclosures - international media have revealed operational details about the USA's 'National Security Agency' NSA and its international partners' global surveillance of foreign nationals and USA citizens - Since 2014 USA-led intervention in Iraq - Since September 2014 USA-led intervention in Syria and USA-led air strikes, but not against the Assad regime - 10 April 2015: President Barack Obama and his wife Michelle earned a gross income of $477,383 in 2014 according to tax returns, released by the White House - 20 June 2015: The Obama administration is again allowing the CIA to use drone strikes to secretly kill people that the spy agency does not know the identities of in multiple countries, despite repeated statements to the contrary - 21 April 2016: Indelible marks of USA's remote control warfare emerge, as six families explain how Obama’s secret drone war has left them struggling for answers after loved ones were wiped out without warning - 16 October 2016: Sarah Hurwitz, the Jewish speechwriter behind Michelle Obama's strongest words - 1 November 2016: Drone-Obama dances to 'Thriller' at White House Halloween party, 'USA today' reports - Donald John Trump (born 1946), the 45th President of the USA since 2017: Legal affairs and bankruptcies, business projects of Donald Trump in Russia, Russian interference in the 2016 USA elections, Donald Trump sexual misconduct allegations, Trump's professional wrestling appearances - 11 August 2015: Donald Trump attacked McMohan in WWE - Lawsuits arising out of Trump's actions as president - 16 avril 2017: Des milliers de personnes se sont rassemblées dans plusieurs villes américaines pour appeler le président Donald Trump à rendre publiques ses déclarations de revenus et d'impôts, un geste de transparence que le milliardaire se refuse à faire - 12 June 2017: Donald Trump has committed 'unprecedented constitutional violations' by failing to appropriately disentangle his public responsibilities as president with his private interests as a businessman, according to a lawsuit filed by the attorneys general of Maryland and Washington - 14 June 2017: Almost 200 senators and representatives are plaintiffs in the lawsuit alleging Trump is violating the so-called emoluments clause of the Constitution, suing him over foreign money flowing into his global business empire - 28 July 2017: USA president's new communications director has launched an extraordinary, foul-mouthed tirade against two senior colleagues, shocking even by the standards of the Trump era, and raising the prospect of all-out civil war at the White House - 7 January 2018: Trump mounts extraordinary defence of his 'mental stability' following 'Fire and Fury' book - 3 May 2018: Giuliani, now one of Trump's new attorneys, says Trump repaid attorney Cohen for Daniels' silence - 15 June 2018: Returning from Korea Trump praises the North Korean dictator as 'the strong head' of his country, saying 'he speaks and his people sit up at attention, I want my people to do the same', without explicitly mentioning Daniels - 15 June 2018: Paul Manafort, formerly Donald Trump’s campaign chairman, was taken into custody after a federal judge determined he had violated the terms of his bail as he awaits trial on multiple federal felony charges, becoming the second former Trump aide to go to jail - 25 July 2018: Trump recorded discussing paying for Playboy model’s story two months before the 2016 election - 3 October 2018: USA's Donald Trump received at least $413 million from his father over the decades, much of that through dubious tax dodges, including outright fraud, according to newspaper report - 19 October 2018: Amid international outcry over Khashoggi, violent congressman Gianforte, who assaulted reporter Ben Jacobs for asking a question about health care policy in May 2017 in Montana, praised by Trump, calling Gianforte a 'tough cookie' and a 'great guy', openly and directly praising a violent act against a journalist on USA's soil, after recently calling Stormy Daniels 'Horseface', threatening more and also legal action and exciting the country to provide more jobs in the legal system - 21 January 2019: Since taking office, Trump has made 7,645 ‘false or misleading claims’, in the month of October he said 1,200 things that were false or misleading, according to Fact Checker database and Glenn Kessler, saying 'it takes up a lot of our time just because he is constantly talking' - 9 August 2019: Picture posted by Melania Trump on Twitter that showed her and Donald Trump smiling broadly, holding a baby who was orphaned in the mass shooting in El Paso, and Trump flashing a thumbs-up, after the parents Andre and Jordan Anchondo of the lightly injured two-month-old Paul were shot dead last Saturday, as Trump did not meet any of the eight survivors still recovering in the hospital, because three were unable and five declined the offer - 4/5 November 2019: Trump must turn over eight years of tax returns, USA appeals court says - 16 June 2020: Trump niece's bombshell book to detail family 'trauma, neglect and abuse', as publisher says Mary L Trump, a trained psychologist, describes ‘a nightmare of traumas and destructive relationships’ - 17 June 2020: Trump administration sues to block publication of John Bolton's book which is critical of administration - 23 August 2020: In secret recordings, Trump’s sister says he’s 'cruel’ and 'has no principles’, as former federal judge Maryanne Trump Barry denounces her brother for lying’ and as president’s niece covertly taped 15 hours of conversation with her aunt - 29 January 2021: Former president Trump was cultivated as a Russian asset over 40 years, as former KGB spy Yuri Shvets, posted to Washington by the Soviet Union in the 1980s, is now a key source for 'American Kompromat', a new book by journalist Craig Unger, the British 'Guardian' reports
Impeachment in the USA: Impeachment in the USA - Articles of impeachment in the USA - Impeachment investigations of USA federal officials
Since 2017 efforts to impeach Donald Trump: Since 2017 efforts to impeach Donald Trump and timeline since December 2016 initial impeachment efforts - Trump administration controversies
19-26 April 2019: 19 April 2019: The House judiciary chairman Jerry Nadler issues subpoena for Robert Mueller’s full report on 2016 Russian interference, Trump campaign and the underlying documents 'to make informed decisions’, saying Mueller report shows 'disturbing evidence' of obstruction of justice - 20 April 2019: Senator Elizabeth Warren becomes first 2020 candidate to call for Trump's impeachment - 23 April 2019: Senator Kamala Harris joins impeachment calls as Democrats remain divided, 'The Guardian' reports - 26 April 2019: Fox News senior judicial analyst Andrew Napolitano has argued that Trump did obstruct justice, with 'unlawful, defenseless and condemnable' behavior related to the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 election, arguing that the Mueller report illustrates intentional obstruction of justice, constituting legal grounds for impeachment
Since 24 September 2019 impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump: Since 24 September 2019 impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump - Since July 2019 Trump–Ukraine scandal, revolving around efforts by Donald Trump and his surrogates to encourage Ukraine and other foreign countries to investigate Joe Biden and Hunter Biden, also including Trump's withholding of a $400 million military aid package
October 2019 USA envoy says Trump used military aid to push Ukraine to investigate Biden: 22 October 2019: Acting USA ambassador to Kyiv Bill Taylor has provided congressional committees conducting impeachment hearings a detailed account of how Donald Trump repeatedly sought to make a summit meeting and military aid to Ukraine conditional on its government launching investigations into the president’s political opponents
23 October 2019 diplomat's testimony a 'sea change': 23 October 2019: Democrats say diplomat's testimony is a 'sea change'
24 October 2019 Republicans barge into closed-door inquiry: 24 October 2019: Chaos erupts as Republicans barge into closed-door inquiry hearing, disrupting a crucial deposition related to the Ukraine controversy, a day after devastating testimony from a key diplomat
25 October 2019: 25 October 2019: Blow to Trump as DoJ ordered to turn over evidence from Mueller grand jury
29 October 2019: 29 October 2019: Army officer Alexander Vindman, who listened to Trump's Ukraine call to testify, refute Trump loyalist
30 October 2019 gaps in Trump's Ukraine transcript: 30 October 2019: Lt Col Vindman tells impeachment inquiry of gaps in Trump's Ukraine transcript with important words and phrases, saying omissions included references to Joe Biden and Burisma
1 November 2019 49% say Trump should be impeached according to poll: 1 November 2019: According to the Washington Post-ABC News poll, 49% of USA citizens say Trump should be impeached and removed from office, while 47% say he should not
5 November 2019 former USA Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch's testimony: 5 November 2019: After starting with a warning to watch her back, former USA Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch told House investigators that it escalated into a chilling campaign to fire her as Trump and his allies angled in Eastern Europe for political advantage at home - 5 November 2019: Two senior USA diplomats warned congressional investigators a White House plot to manufacture political dirt on Joe Biden in Ukraine had undermined USA national security interests and shredded faith among foreign service personnel, according to transcripts
5 November 2019 Trump's EU envoy Gordon Sondland admits Ukraine quid pro quo: 5 November 2019: Trump's EU envoy Gordon Sondland admits Ukraine quid pro quo in updated testimony, saying he told Ukraine it was unlikely to get $400m in aid unless it announced investigations into Trump rivals
9 November 2019 'there was no ambiguity' Trump sought Ukraine quid pro quo: 9 November 2019: USA officials tell impeachment probe no doubt Trump sought Ukraine quid pro quo, saying 'there was no ambiguity'
13/14 November 2019 Trump cared more about investigating Biden than war victims: 13 November 2019: Cane toad Trump cared more about investigating Biden than Ukraine assaulted by Russia's Putin regime, admired by Trump, key witness reveals - 14 November 2019: Trump says USA military presence in Syria 'only for the oil'
15 November 2019 Trump adviser guilty on all seven counts: 15 November 2019: Donald Trump adviser found guilty on all seven counts
15/16 November 2019 Trump's smear campaign against Marie Yovanovitch and his intimidating tweets during hearing: 15 November 2019: Former Ukraine ambassador Marie Yovanovitch describes Trump's 'shocking' smear campaign against her, testifying while president tweeted against her - 16 November 2019: Democrats condemn Trump's witness intimidation
16/17 November 2019 David Holmes says Trump personally kept up pressure on Ukraine: 16 November 2019: USA's Trump personally kept up pressure on Ukraine to carry out investigations he had requested in a phone call with a senior USA diplomat, who then observed the president did not 'give a shit' about Ukraine and only cared about what would benefit him politically, according to David Holmes' testimony, a diplomat at the USA embassy in Kiev, describing the extraordinary phone call between Trump and USA's EU ambassador Gordon Sondland - 17 November 2019: EU ambassador Gordon Sondland is due to testify on Wednesday and must choose between giving Trump allegiance and saving himself
18 November 2019 Conway slams Trump's GOP 'rising star' as 'lying trash': 18 November 2019: Conway slams Trump's GOP 'rising star' as 'lying trash' after impeachment hearings,and after Elise Stefanik complained that Adam Schiff had unfairly 'muzzled' her and other Republicans from asking questions, but infact each side’s lawmakers had received equal time
20 November 2019 Trump's 'inappropriate' Ukraine call: 20 November 2019: Key witnesses Alexander Vindman and Jennifer Williams tell of concern over Trump's 'inappropriate' Ukraine call - 20 November 2019: Witness Sondland White House fears most to testify, live news by the British 'Guardian'
21 November 2019 Laura Cooper and Sondland delivered a devastating blow to Trump: 21 November 2019: Gordon Sondland has delivered a devastating blow to Donald Trump, testifying about the existence of a quid pro quo with Ukraine, and left the USA president facing probable impeachment - 21 November 2019: New evidence from impeachment inquiry witness Laura Cooper knocks down key pillar of Trump’s defence, testifying that Ukraine knew of stalled aid far earlier than White House claims
22 November 2019 former NSC official Fiona Hill testified: 22 November 2019: Former NSC official Fiona Hill and Kyiv-based official David Holmes testified, as Fiona Hill said that it was 'very clear' that USA officials had made White House meeting for the Ukrainian president contingent on an announcement of investigations into Joe Biden and 2016 election interference, and as David Holmes said 'it was obvious what the president was pressing for'
27 November 2019 budget officials quit over Trump's Ukraine aid freeze: 27 November 2019: 2 White House budget officials quit over Ukraine aid concerns, according to Mark Sandy, stating unnamed individuals from budget office resigned in part over Trump’s aid freeze, as committee chairs said in a joint statement 'the testimonies from Ambassador Reeker and Mr Sandy continue to paint a portrait of handpicked political appointees corrupting the official levers of USA government power, including by withholding taxpayer funded military assistance to Ukraine, to further the president’s own personal political agenda', as 1974 legislation forbids the withholding of congressionally-approved aid
3/4 December 2019 USA House report: 3 December 2019: USA House report outlines ‘overwhelming’ evidence for Trump impeachment - 4 December 2019: Impeachment inquiry enters new phase, as Trump's allies expected to launch procedural objections during judiciary committee hearings
4 December 2019 Trump's misconduct 'textbook case of impeachable offenses': 4 December 2019: Trump's misconduct a textbook case of impeachable offenses, that met all three criteria for impeachment contemplated by the framers of the constitution including abuse of power, betrayal of national security, and interference in the conduct of elections, experts say in hearing
19 December 2019 defending democracy Trump impeached: 19 December 2019: 'To defend democracy for the people', Trump impeached by House on the two charges that he abused the power of his office by enlisting a foreign government to investigate a political rival and that he obstructed Congress, im its now ongoing investigation
21 December 2019 Trump 'impeached for ever': 21 December 2019: As Senate adjourned until January without agreeing to impeachment trial procedures, and Trump heads to Florida for the holidays, Democratic house speaker says 'he'll be impeached for ever because he violated our constitution'
22 December 2019 Trump acted about 90 minutes after the ‘do us a favor’ phone call: 22 December 2019: Trump acted about 90 minutes after the ‘do us a favor’ phone call behind the scenes to freeze Ukrainian aid from the Pentagon, emails show
16 January 2020 Senate gets ready to open impeachment trial: 16 January 2020: Senate gets ready to open impeachment trial against Donald Trump, as Trump 'knew exactly what was going on’ in Ukraine, according to Giuliani associate - 16 January 2020: Government Accountability Office finds suspension of of military aid at president Trump’s direction violated law
25 January 2020 Trump appears to call for ambassador's ouster in recording: 25 January 2020: Trump appears to call for ambassador's ouster in recording, as tape could bolster argument that president's aides spent almost a year trying to oust envoy as they sought to pressure Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden
27 January 2020 Bolton says Trump tied Ukraine funds to Biden probe: 27 January 2020: Bolton says Trump tied Ukraine funds to Biden probe
30 January 2020 Democrats to continue push for Bolton to appear as witness: 30 January 2020: Democrats to continue push for Bolton to appear as witness, after Trump's administration sent letter saying John Bolton’s book cannot be published and Republicans aimed to block witnesses
1 February 2020 refusing to find out the truth Senate votes against hearing witnesses: 1 February 2020: Refusing to find out the truth, USA Senate votes against hearing witnesses in the Trump impeachment trial, paving the way his acquittal, with only two Republicans crossing party lines to support the need to know the truth and therefore democracy
6 February 2020 international media scathing in their verdict on Trump’s acquittal with potentially global consequences in our time: 6 February 2020: The international media were scathing in their verdict on Donald Trump’s acquittal in his Senate trial, portraying it as a bitter charade that would allow the president to continue his onslaught on USA's democracy, with potentially global consequences
7 February 2020 made possíble by his organization called GOP lawbreaker Trump punishes impeachment witnesses: 7 February 2020: Trump fires key impeachment witnesses Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman and ambassador to the EU Sondland, who both delivered damaging testimony in inquiry
9 February 2020 Alexander Vindman's lawyer calls Trump's comments 'obviously false': 9 February 2020: Alexander Vindman's lawyer said president Trump 'made a series of obviously false statements concerning Lieutenant Colonel Vindman; they conflict with the clear personnel record and the entirety of the impeachment record of which the president is well aware'
11 February 2020 synagogue of officer Vindman ousted by Trump declares support for him: 11 February 2020: Synagogue of officer Vindman ousted by Trump after testimony declares support for him
12 February 2020 Trump accused of meddling to reduce sentence for former adviser Stone: 12 February 2020: Trump accused of meddling to reduce sentence for former adviser Stone, as four prosecutors quit in apparent protest as Justice Department says it will override them and seek a shorter sentence for former GOP operative following tweet from president, now facing fresh accusations of abuse of power
January 2021 efforts to remove Donald Trump from office: January 2021 efforts to impeach, to remove Donald Trump from office - Support for impeachment or removal
9 January 2021 draft impeachment document accuses Trump of ‘incitement of insurrection’: 9 January 2021: A draft resolution of the new impeachment effort against USA's Trump that has been circled by Democratic lawmakers accuses him of 'incitement of insurrection' through his actions on the day of the breach of the USA Capitol by a violent mob this week causing deaths, injuries and destruction
11 January 2021 Democrats begin 2nd Trump impeachment process: 11 January 2021: Introducing a resolution, Democrats begin the process of impeaching USA's president Trump for a second time if vice president Pence and the cabinet do not remove him from office
1 February 2021 one of Trump’s new attorneys believes Epstein was murdered and the other didn't prosecute Cosby: 1 February 2021: One of two attorneys named to defend Donald Trump in his second impeachment trial represented Roger Stone, believes Jeffrey Epstein did not kill himself and numbers among his clients 'all sorts of reputed mobster figures', including 'a guy the government claimed was the biggest mafioso in the world', as the other declined to prosecute Bill Cosby in 2005
9 February 2021 second impeachment trial of Donald Trump begins: 9 February 2021: Second impeachment trial of Donald Trump begins in USA Senate, as impeachment managers play videos from Capitol insurrection, saying case will be based on the facts of the January 6 insurrection, the 'Guardian' reports live
10 February 2021 Democrats argue 'mob was provoked over many months by Trump': 10 February 2021: Democrats argue 'mob was provoked over many months by Trump', the 'Guardian' reports live
13 February 2021 Senate delays impeachment vote, seeks witnesses after shock report on Trump call: 13 February 2021: Senate delays impeachment vote, seeks witnesses after shock report on Trump call and shouting match between ex-president and Republican McCarthy on day of Capitol attack, as even Pence’s ‘nuclear football’ was potentially at risk during Capitol riot
14 February 2021 Republican warns ex-president still liable and 'didn’t get away with anything yet’: 14 February 2021: Acquitted by Senate, Trump said to fear criminal charges over USA Capitol riot, as even top Republican warns ex-president still liable and 'didn’t get away with anything yet’ - 14 February 2021: USA president says Capitol assault a 'sad chapter' in USA's history and reminder that ‘democracy is fragile,’ saying incitement allegation against his predecessor ‘not in dispute’, as the bitterly partisan tone of the proceedings underscores the deep challenges ahead as the new administration and party try to push forward their agenda and address historic crises
Politics and political organizations in the USA: Political organizations in the USA - Civic and political organizations of the USA - Organizations based in the USA by subject
December 1773 Boston tea destruction: 16 December 1773 'The Destruction of the Tea in Boston' by protesters in Boston, some disguised as Native Americans, who destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the British East India Company, in defiance of the Tea Act of 10 May 1773
1774 'First Continental Congress': 'First Continental Congress' of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies from September to October 1774 in Philadelphia, Georgia declined to send delegates because they were hoping for British assistance against Native Americans
1775–1781: 'Second Continental Congress' of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies 1775–1781 in Philadelphia, managing the colonial war effort, moving towards independence and adopting the USA 'Declaration of Independence' on 4 July 1776
1775-1783 American War of Independence: American War of Independence 1775-1783
Since 1775: 1775-1924 USA' wars against the native peoples of North America, as the beginning so-called '1775-1783 American Revolutionary War' was essentially two parallel wars, in the east a struggle against British rule, the war in the west was a new chapter of an centuries-long genocide
July 1776 'Declaration of Independence': 'Declaration of Independence' adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia on 4 July 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire - 4 July 1776: Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness - the 'unalienable rights' which the USA declaration of independence says all human beings have been given and for the protection of which they institute governments
1779 George Washington's Sullivan Expedition and ordered scorched-earth policy: 1779 Sullivan Expedition ordered and organized by George Washington and his staff, an extended systematic military campaign during the American Revolutionary War against Native American nations of the Iroquois siding with the British, conducted chiefly in the lands of the Iroquois Confederacy 'taking the war home to the enemy to break their morale', and the expedition was largely successful in that goal as they destroyed more than 40 Iroquois villages and stores of winter crops, breaking the power of the six nations in New York all the way to the Great Lakes, as the terrified Indian families relocated to Canada seeking protection of the British
1781-1789: 'Congress of the Confederation', the governing body of the USA from March 1781 to March 1789
1785–1795 USA's Northwest War targeting Native Americans: 1785–1795 USA's Northwest war targeting a confederation of numerous Native American tribes, with support from the British, for control of the Northwest Territory, following centuries of conflict over this territory - 1790 Harmar Campaign was an attempt by the USA to subdue Native Americans in the Northwest Territory, after USA's murderous George Washington and Secretary of War Henry Knox ordered General Josiah Harmar to launch a major western offensive into the Shawnee and Miami country
1787: 'Constitutional Convention' from May to September 1787 in Philadelphia - USA Constitution 1787/1788 - Article Two of the USA Constitution establishes the executive branch of the federal government, including the President, the Vice President, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees - 1787 Constitution of USA protected the slave trade and slavery
1792 Militia Acts: 1792 Militia Acts enacted by the second USA Congress in response to the overwhelming USA losses at St. Clair's Defeat providing for the organization of the state militias and providing for the President to take command of these state militias - As British regulars were not accustomed to frontier warfare, Rangers served in the 17th and 18th-century wars of colonists against Native American tribes, employed by colonial governments to patrol between fixed frontier fortifications in reconnaissance, in offensive operations, they were scouts and guides, locating villages and other targets for task forces drawn from the militia or other colonial troops - Militia system in the British colonization of North America
1830 Native American removal act: 1830 USA's 'Indian' removal act, authorizing the president to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their ancestral homelands
May 1846: 13 May 1846 USA declaration of war upon Mexico after the USA Congress passed 'An Act providing for the Prosecution of the existing War between the United States and the Republic of Mexico', thereby declaring war against Mexico, and resulting in the Mexican-American War 1846–48 - 1846-1848 Mexican–American War resulting in annexations of Mexican territories
1863-1865 Amendment XIII to the USA Constitution abolishing slavery: 1863 Emancipation Proclamation by USA President Abraham Lincoln, changing the legal status of more than 3 million slaves in southern areas from 'slave' to 'free' - 1865 Amendment XIII to the USA Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
April 1898: 25 April 1898 USA declaration of war upon Spain, followed by the Spanish–American War, the USA's victory and the prospect of an overseas empire - April-August 1898 Spanish–American War
April 1961: April 1961 'Bay of Pigs Invasion' failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506
August 1964: 7 August 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of the USA Congress giving President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of conventional military force in Southeast Asia, opposed in the Senate only by Senators Wayne Morse and Ernest Gruening, and followed by the rapid escalation of USA's Vietnam War
1973: 11 September 1973: Backed by the CIA and the USA Chilean coup d'état, following an extended period of social and political unrest between the right dominated Congress of Chile and the elected socialist President Salvador Allende, as well as economic warfare ordered by USA President Nixon
April 1975 – July 1976 USA Bicentennial: 1 April 1975 – 4 July 1976 United States of America Bicentennial, a series of celebrations and observances during the mid-1970s that paid tribute to historical events leading up to the creation of the USA as an independent republic, as the Bicentennial culminated on Sunday 4 July 1976 with the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, and as USA's citizens in more or less populated regions - today states, cities, towns and villages - remembered the important years to become a republic - in a 'new world' since the Roman republic and the Roman empire - in a contradicting development since colonization of the territories settled by Native Americans since thousands of years
1976-1983: 9 August 2016: Former USA secretary of state Henry Kissinger jeopardized efforts to stop mass killings by Argentina’s 1976-83 military dictatorship by congratulating the country’s military leaders for 'wiping out' terrorism, according to a large trove of newly declassified state department files
Since the mid-1990s: USA's Clinton administration and its CIA used Syria as an illicit base of operations to torture ghost detainees, as part of a program known as extraordinary rendition, established in the mid-1990s and expanded in the 2000s
October 2002: 16 October 2002 'Iraq Resolution' passed by the USA Congress, authorizing military action against Iraq - 215 (96.4%) of 223 Republican Representatives voted for the resolution, 82 (39.2%) of 209 Democratic Representatives voted for the resolution, the only Independent Representative in 2002 Bernie Sanders, since 2015 Democratic Party, voted against the resolution, 29 of 50 (58%) of Democratic senators, including Hillary Clinton, voted for the resolution, 21 of 50 (42%) of Democratic senators voted against the resolution, and one of 49 Republican senators voted against the resolution
January 2009: 24 January 2009: Just inaugurated USA president Obama gives the go-ahead for his first military actions yesterday, murderous missile strikes against suspected militants and civilians in Pakistan killing at least 18 people, as one villager told Reuters that of nine bodies pulled from the rubble of one house, six were its owner and his relatives, and as Reuters added that also responsible intelligence officials said some foreign militants were also killed, and as a second attack hours later killed eight people - 23 January 2016: Victim of Obama's first drone strike in January 2009 Faheem Qureshi, who was 14 years old when a USA drone attack on his home left him with horrific injuries, several family members dead and his dreams for the future in tatters, knows about Obama, telling British newspaper 'The Guardian' from Islamabad, 'what he has done to me and the people in Waziristan ... is an act of tyranny,... if there is a list of tyrants in the world, to me, Obama will be put on that list by his drone program'
July-September 2011: 10 July 2011: USA President Obama seeks 'biggest deal possible' on debt - 11. Juli 2011: Drohende USA-Staatspleite - Republikaner nutzen Termindruck aus - 30 July: Congress as yet divided over debt ceiling issue - 1 August: Deal reached to raise limit on USA borrowing and to avoid USA debt default - 2. August 2011: Repräsentantenhaus stimmt Schuldenkompromiß zu - 2 August: Obama signs USA debt ceiling bill into law after Senate votes - 2 September 2011: Obama administration abandons stricter air-qualitiy rules - 9. September: Weiteres USA-Konjunkturpaket von 447 Mrd. $, offene Frage der Gegenfinanzierung - 18 septembre: Obama va proposer lundi une taxe sur les plus hauts revenus - 19 September: Obama outlines plans to cut the USA deficit by $ 3tn - 22 November: USA 'super comitee' fails to agree on debt reduction plan
June-September 2012: 29 June 2012: USA Supreme Court upholds Barack Obama's landmark overhaul of the country's healthcare system - 'A victory for people all over this country', Obama says - 4 September 2012: Bill Clinton made racist remarks about Barack Obama in 2008, saying 'this guy would have been carrying our bags' - 7 September: Barack Obama's speech to Democratic National Convention accepting his nomination
October-December 2012: 24 October 2012: The team Obama justifies the killing of a 16-year-old American suggesting he should've 'had a more responsible father' - 9 novembre: Barack Obama évoquera l'économie pour sa 1e intervention depuis sa réélection - 28 December: In remembrance of July 2011, now 'fiscal cliff' tests Republicans after President Obama urged Congress to back an interim plan to avoid the danger of recession - 31 December: Last push to avoid USA budget crisis and to reach so called 'fiscal cliff' deal
January 2013: 1 January: USA Senate passes key deal to avoid the 'fiscal cliff' budget crisis, the House of Representatives is due to consider the bill later - 2 January: USA Congress passes deal to avoid 'fiscal cliff' - 4 January: Sandy flood aid passes USA Congress - 7 January: Obama nominates Chuck Hagel as next USA secretary of defense and John Brennan as new CIA director - 17 January: Barack Obama unveils biggest gun-control push in decades calling on assault weapons ban and background checks
February 2013: 1 February: Outgoing USA secretary of state Hillary Clinton highlights ongoing challenges - 3 February: White House shows photo of Obama firing gun, looking to put to rest scepticism over his recent comments that he went skeet shooting 'all the time' - 7 February: Senate hearing on the nomination of John O. Brennan to serve as CIA director featured lots of protesters, showing bloody hands - 13 February: In his State of the Union address Obama to focus on reviving USA economy - 2 February: Parliament and government fail to reach deal to head off cuts - 2 février: Les coupes budgétaires sont entrées en vigueur
March 2013: 17 March 2013: As USA drone monopoly frays (China, Russia etc.), Barack Obama in 2013 seeks global rules - 19 March: USA Senate drops bid to ban assault weapons - 20 March 2013: Going to Iraq was not right decision, White House says ten years after the beginning of the war
April 2013: 18 April 2013: USA Senate blocks plan to expand background checks for gun buyers, in blow to Barack Obama
May 2013: 16 May: USA lawmakers accuse Barack Obama's administration of abusing free speech rights and evading questions about the Justice Department's secret seizure of AP telephone records - 22 May: Senate panel passes USA immigration bill - 23/24 May: Obama defends drone policy outlining counter-terrorism doctrine and promises several changes in a speech repeatedly interrupted by Medea Benjamin of the Code Pink anti-war group
June 2013: 20 June: FBI uses drones inside the USA for surveillance of stationary subjects, and the privacy implications of such operations are 'worthy of debate', FBI chief says
July 2013: 20 July: In his first public reaction to Zimmerman verdict Obama says that the death of Trayvon Martin has raised questions about why young African-Americans experience racial profiling - 25 July: USA lower house votes 217-205 to extend NSA surveillance after a fierce debate
August 2013: 10 August: Barack Obama offers plans to limit sweeping USA government surveillance programs that have come under criticism
September 2013: 1 September 2013: Obama says that the USA should take military action in Syria in response to the chemical weapons attacks, but seeks congressional approval on Syria action - 2 September 2013: McCain says vote against strike protecting Syrians would be 'catastrophic' - 4 September 2013: President Obama won the support of Republican and Democratic leaders in the House for his Syria policy - 4 September 2013: Syria resolution in USA Senate sets deadline, bars ground forces - 5 September 2013: USA Senate panel votes to pave way for military action against Assad regime - 11 septembre 2013: Lors de son allocution à la nation, président Obama a demandé au Congrès de repousser son vote sur des frappes en Syrie, affirmant vouloir donner une chance à la diplomatie - 30 September 2013: The USA government in deadlock on Sunday after the House of Representatives approved a Republican bill that attempts to delay President Barack Obama's health care law
October 2013 USA federal government shutdown: USA federal government shutdown of 2013 - 1 octobre 2013: Faute d'accord au Congrès, l'État fédéral américain cesse ses activités - 1 October 2013: President Obama says House Republicans 'holding the entire economy hostage' after a day that saw thousands of workers sent home - 2. Oktober: Laut Umfragen 72% der USA-Bürger gegen die republikanische Strategie, die Verwaltung zu lähmen, um Obamas Gesundheitsreform zu schaden - 3 octobre: Au deuxième jour de fermeture partielle des services fédéraux américains, aucun accord n'a été trouvé entre républicains et démocrates sur le budget 2014 - 9 octobre: Janet Yellen a été nommée à la tête de la Réserve fédérale américaine, pour succéder à Ben Bernanke - 16 October: Hours from debt deadline, USA pins hope on Senate exit strategy - 17 October: USA debt default averted and federal shutdown over for now, after bill goes through with barely any concessions to hardliners - 17 October: Americans 'completely fed up' with Washington over US shutdown, Barack Obama says in a White House speech attended by many of the aides who worked day and night through the various stages of the latest fiscal stalemate, adding that this stalemate has inflicted 'completely unnecessary' damage on the USA economy
October 2013: 29 October: The chair of the Senate intelligence committee Dianne Feinstein says she was 'totally opposed' to the USA spying on allies
December 2013: 5 December: President Obama calls for action on 'profoundly unequal' economy - 13 December: USA House passes two-year cross-party budget deal - 19 December: USA Senate passes budget deal, focus shifts to spending
January-March 2014: 10 January: New Jersey Governor Chris Christie apologised after reports emerged that a top aide closed parts of a major interstate bridge to punish a local Democrat mayor - 17. Januar 2014: Ausgabengesetz für das Haushaltsjahr 2014 verabschiedet - 17 January: Obama presents NSA reforms with plan to end government storage of call data - 23 January: US government privacy board says NSA bulk collection of phone data is illegal - 29 janvier: Obama déterminé à agir sur les inégalités, avec ou sans le Congrès - 13 February: US Congress approves legislation to increase the country's debt limit for a year - 16 February: Obama unveils a $1 billion fund in the 2015 budget to help communities preparing for climate change - 11 March: US Senate to hold all-night climate change session - 11 March: The chairwoman of the Senate intelligence committee Dianne Feinstein accuses CIA of intimidating Senate staff over torture report
April/May 2014: 3 April: Senate committee votes to declassify parts of report that accuses CIA of conducting abusive interrogations after 9/11 - 11 April: CIA and White House under pressure after Senate torture report leaks - 22 May: NSA surveillance reform bill passes House by 303 votes to 121
July-December 2014: 31 July 2014: CIA director Brennan issued an apology to leaders of the US Senate intelligence committee conceding that the CIA spied on committee staff and reversing months of furious and public denials - 5 August: Senate intelligence committee chair Dianne Feinstein threatens to delay release of the CIA torture report rejecting redactions and deletion of ‘key facts’ - 19 August: After a week of protests and rioting Obama sends attorney general Holder to Ferguson to review Michael Brown death investigation - 19 September: Senate approves Obama's plan to arm and train Syrian rebels as budget bill is passed overwhelmingly - 4 December 2014: President Obama and New York mayor de Blasio will join forces to improve relations between police and minority communities amid questions about discriminatory policing and impunity of police brutality - 9 December: Report released by Senate after four-year investigation concludes CIA repeatedly lied about brutal techniques in years after September 2001 - 10 December 2014: The UN, human rights groups and legal experts renew calls for the USA government to prosecute officials responsible for the CIA torture programme revealed in extensive detail following the release of a damning report by the Senate intelligence committee - 11 December: After the release of the CIA torture report calls for accountability grow - 12 December: USA House approves $1.1 trillion spending bill, averts shutdown - 20 December 2014 NYPD officers Wenjian Liu and Rafael Ramos killings
January-June 2015: 7 January: Republicans, who took control of Congress on Tuesday, immediately clashed with the President over the controversial Keystone pipeline project as they moved to counter Obama's Democratic agenda ahead of the 2016 elections - 21 January: In his annual State of the Union address to Congress President Obama pledges economic policies to benefit all Americans outlining some economic and social plans - 2 February: President Obama sets out plan to tax US companies on $2tn profits held abroad - 10 April: NBC poll finds Iran nuclear deal not trusted by 68% in the USA - 27 April: Loretta Lynch, the first African American woman to serve as the nation's top law enforcement official, sworn in - 16 May 2015: USA House of Representatives approves defense budget in the amount of $612 billion in the new fiscal year - 23 May: Even as the Senate remains at an impasse over the future of USA domestic surveillance powers, the NSA will be legally unable to collect US phone records - 1 June 2015: NSA surveillance powers lapse after Senate fails to reach deal to extend controversial measures - 2 June: USA whistleblowers Daniel Ellsberg and Thomas Drake, a former senior executive at the NSA where he exposed fraud and secret mass surveillance programmes after 9/11, extend cautious welcome to NSA reforms - 3 June: Bulk collection of USA's phone records to end as Senate passes USA Freedom Act - 13 June: Pelosi, USA House Democrats turn their backs on Obama over trade pact including TTIP - 17 June 2015: USA Senate votes to ban torture, 78 votes to 21 with all members of the Democratic caucus and 32 Republicans in support - 19 June 2015: USA president Obama, who has been unable to effect significant change to gun-control laws despite repeated massacres across the nation, once again speaks about a murderous shooting spree, the deaths of nine people at a historic black church in Charleston - 21 June: Pointing out the disparity in violent crime rates between the USA and other developed countries, President Obama repeats that something must be done to curb firearm homicide rate
July-November 2015: 16 July: War Crimes Museum hosts a photo exhibit inside the USA Capitol building, documenting the crimes committed by the Assad regime against Syrian detainees - 3 August: President Obama committed the USA to action against climate change, with sweeping new curbs on carbon emissions from power plants - 1 September 2015: In Alaska USA's Obama says world must reach climate deal in Paris 'while we still can' - 28 September 2015: USA senator Elizabeth Warren earned high praise from activists for a Sunday speech on racial inequality that unabashedly echoed many of the arguments of the Black Lives Matter movement, calling for better police training, an emphasis on community policing and body cameras, and tracing a direct line from the struggles of the civil rights era to the new era of activism - 6 October 2015: The USA government is trialling a new open-source system to count killings by police around the country, in the most comprehensive official effort so far to accurately record the number of deaths at the hands of American law enforcement - 6 November: President Obama rejects Keystone XL pipeline, four weeks before more than 190 countries gather in Paris to try to reach a global deal to reduce carbon pollution - 20 November: USA House passes bill suspending Syria refugee programme and to ban Syrian and Iraqi refugees from entering the USA until stricter screening measures are in place
January 2016: 4 janvier 2016: Obama plaidera sa cause pour un contrôle renforcé des armes à feu directement devant le peuple américain cette semaine - 23 January 2016: Victim of Obama's first drone strike in January 2009 Faheem Qureshi, who was 14 when a USA drone attack on his home left him with horrific injuries, several family members dead and his dreams for the future in tatters, knows about Obama, telling British newspaper 'The Guardian' from Islamabad, 'what he has done to me and the people in Waziristan ... is an act of tyranny,... if there is a list of tyrants in the world, to me, Obama will be put on that list by his drone program'
March 2016: 3 March 2016: USA's House Foreign Affairs Committee accuses Assad, Russia, Iran of war crimes in Syria, and increases pressure on the Obama administration to do more to stop Islamic State terrorists, to help the people of Syria and to support the creation of an international war crimes tribunal to prosecute anyone guilty of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity in Syria - 15 March 2016: The USA House of Representatives passed in a vote of 392 to 3 a measure to create an international tribunal to try those associated with atrocities including the Syrian Assad regime, ISIS and related groups, accusing Bashar Assad and his main allies, Russia and Iran, of war crimes - 29 March 2016: USA admits CIA-backed rebels fighting Pentagon-backed (Department of Defence) groups in Syria
June 2016: 20 June 2016: Senate votes down gun control proposals in wake of Orlando shootings, one week after the terrorist attack in Florida marked the deadliest mass shooting in the USA’s history - 23 June 2016: Democrats in the House of Representatives have spent the past 15 hours leading a sit-in in the House to protest against a lack of policies on gun control - 23 June: Vitalized by surge of public support, Democrats vow to return after two-week recess with renewed vigor, ending marathon gun-control sit-in
July 2016: 2 July 2016: USA's Barack Obama admits that drone and other airstrikes, his favored tactics of war, have killed between 64 and 116 civilians during his administration, a tally criticized as undercounted even before Friday’s announcement, confessing that the government in its 'White House' itself does not always know how many civilians it kills and that it may revise its death tolls over time - 19 juillet 2016: Près de 60 civils, dont 11 enfants, morts et des dizaines de blessés mardi dans des raids de la coalition menée par les Etats-Unis près du village d'al-Toukhar tenu par Daech dans la province d'Alep, selon l'OSDH
September 2016: 9 September 2016: Chief investigator Daniel Jones of the USA Senate’s landmark investigation of the CIA torture program has gone public for the first time about an experience that led to the CIA spying on him as part of what he calls a 'failed coverup' - 21 September 2016: The White House worked behind the scenes last week to prevent a bipartisan bill to sanction the Assad regime for war crimes and atrocities against civilians from getting a vote in the House of Representatives, until the Democratic leadership bowed to Obama administration's pressure and withdrew its support for voting on the bill for now - 28 September: Obama suffered a political blow, when the USA Congress overturned his veto of a bill that would allow families of the victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks to sue Saudi Arabia
October 2016: 22 October 2016: International inquiry has found Syrian Assad regime forces responsible for a third toxic gas attack in Qmenas in Idlib governorate on 16 March 2015, according to a fourth report submitted to the UN Security Council, after the third report by the inquiry in August blamed Assad for two chlorine attacks in Talmenes on 21 April 2014 and Sarmin on 16 March 2015, following Ghouta chemical attacks in August 2013 on opposition-controlled areas in the suburbs around Damascus using chemical agent sarin, and after in September 2013 the USA Senate filed a resolution to authorize use of military force against Assad's military in response, averted when the murderous regime accepted a USA–Russian negotiated deal to turn over 'every single bit' of its chemical weapons stockpiles for destruction, but has in reality encouraged Assad to escalate his war against the Syrian people, to invite the Russian regime and its murderous military to join Assad's terrorism and to annihilate the Syrian democracy and any opposition against dictatorship
Since November 2016: Since November 2016 Presidential transition to looming and threatening USA's Donald Trump regime - 14 November 2016: The appointment of Stephen Bannon and Reince Priebus as top figures in Trump’s White House drew fierce opposition from the Anti-Defamation League and Democrats, who decry the elevation of Bannon accused of harboring anti-Semitic and white supremacist views - 14 November 2016: Former KKK grand wizard David Duke lauds Steve Bannon appointment by Obama's successor - 16 novembre 2016: Après une photo avec la candidate démocrate Hillary Clinton à la Maison Blanche, Margot Gerster reçoit des menaces de mort de partisans de Trump, persuadés qu'il s'agit d'une manoeuvre pour faire de l'ombre au futur président Trump sans majorité dans le vote populaire - 17 November 2016: 169 House members sign letter protesting Trump's appointment of Bannon - 17 November 2016: Washington state lawmaker and Trump supporter Ericksen wants to criminalize anti-Trump protests - 18 November: Trump taps senator Sessions accused of racism as attorney general - 18 November: Rights activists condemn Trump for three cabinet appointments of Sessions, Pompeo and Flynn, they say could 'undo decades of progress' towards racial equality and effectively legitimise the use of torture - 18 November: Despite having pledged to fight the cases to the bitter end, Trump has settled fraud lawsuits relating to Trump University for $25m, averting the prospect of him testifying in a courtroom showdown which threatened to reveal more troubling details about the now defunct real estate course, as New York’s attorney general Eric Schneiderman, claims vindication and 'a major victory for the over 6,000 victims of his fraudulent university', lured by false promises to pay up to $35,000 to learn Trump’s real estate investing 'secrets' from his 'hand-picked' instructors - 21/22 November 2016: With a series of Nazi salutes by members of the audience, the so-called 'alt-right', the white nationalist movement that helped propel Trump to the presidency, gathered in Washington DC to plot how the movement can 'start influencing policy and culture' under the Trump administration, as protesters expressed their outrage in opposition to the gathering at the federally owned Ronald Reagan Building, and as the USA Holocaust Museum warns, saying the speech had closely mirrored Hitler's views
December 2016: 18 December 2016: After tweeting Saturday morning 'China steals United States Navy research drone in international waters, rips it out of water and takes it to China in unpresidented act', muddled and mazy Donald Trump injects himself without a mandate into foreign relations controversy through Twitter a second time, tweeting 'we should tell China that we don’t want the drone they stole back, let them keep it', after the USA military announced it had reached an understanding with China
January 2017: 5 January 2017: At a hearing into foreign cyber-threats to the USA held by the Senate armed services committee, departing head of USA intelligence Clapper has publicly defended his analysts against attacks by Donald Trump following their conclusion that Russia interfered in the November election - 6/7 January 2017: Russian regime's Putin interfered in the USA presidential election 2017 to discredit former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and to aid Donald Trump, according to a declassified assessment by the NSA, CIA and FBI
Since 20 January 2017: 23 January 2017: Just inaugurated Trump tells the CIA 'as you know, I have a running war with the media', as administration's speaker and advisers declare that 'we’re going to hold the press accountable', offering 'alternative facts'
24 January 2017: Trump orders revival of Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, as native American and climate change activists condemn president for 'pledging allegiance to oil companies and Wall Street' - 25/26 January 2017: Trump signs order to begin Mexico border wall in immigration crackdown, promotes the use of torture by his administration, and intends to launch a 'major investigation into voter fraud', as controversy continues over his false claim that millions of people voted illegally in last year’s presidential election, which he won in the electoral college despite H. Clinton winning about 3m more votes - Trump's travel ban executive order 13769 - 27/28 January 2017: Trump issued an executive order 13769 that will deny refugees and immigrants from certain Muslim-majority countries entry to the USA and that will indefinitely close USA borders to refugees fleeing the humanitarian crisis in war-torn Syria, decried for 'stomping on' American values - 29 January 2017: Judge Ann Donnelly of the federal district court in Brooklyn has granted a stay on deportations for people who arrived in the USA with valid visas but were detained on entry, following President Donald Trump’s executive order to halt travel from seven Muslim-majority countries - 29 January 2017: World reacts to Donald Trump's USA travel ban, targeting Muslim-majority countries, affecting refugees and causing chaos at airports - 30 January 2017: Customs and Border Protection CBP agents defied the orders of federal judges regarding Donald Trump’s travel bans on Sunday, according to members of Congress and attorneys who rallied protests around the country in support of detained refugees and travellers from seven Muslim-majority countries - 31 January 2017: Donald Trump fires acting attorney general Sally Yates who said travel ban was unlawful
Since January 2017 legal challenges to Trump's travel ban: Since January 2017 legal challenges to Trump's travel ban executive order 13769
February 2017: 6 February 2017: USA Republicans, Democrats slam president Trump for saying he respects 'killer' Putin and for playing down political assassinations in Russia and his regime's foreign invasions, countering in an interview with 'we’ve got a lot of killers’ - 7 February 2017: White House backs up president’s claim that media is deliberately ignoring terror attacks by releasing list riddled with errors, giving no reason how list was compiled and why e.g. Israel not included - 8 February 2017: Appeals court judges skeptical about government's arguments on travel ban, as ruling expected later in the week
8/9 February 2017: 8 February 2017: Silencing of Elizabeth Warren by Senate Republicans for reading out a letter from the widow of Martin Luther King during a debate over Senator Jeff Sessions’ nomination for attorney general prompts rallying of support for Senator Warren, including support of Dr Bernice King and other civil rights leaders - 9 February 2017: After silencing Senator Warren, Senate confirms the nomination of Jeff Sessions to be attorney general by a near-party-line vote of 52-47
February 2017: 14 February 2017: Donald Trump is facing mounting pressure to explain his ties with Russia after it emerged that he knew weeks ago his national security adviser had misled officials about secret communications with Russian officials but did not fire him - 18 February 2017: Trump calls media 'enemy of the American people' - 24 February: The White House has confirmed that its chief of staff spoke with top FBI officials about the bureau’s inquiry into links between Donald Trump’s associates and Russia, a conversation which appears to violate justice department rules to ensure the integrity of investigations
March 2017: 2/3 March 2017: Amid calls for resignation USA Attorney General Sessions says he would recuse himself from any investigations into alleged Russian meddling in the 2016 USA elections because he was involved with Trump's campaign - 3 March 2017: USA vice president Pence used private email to conduct official business as Indiana governor, discussing security matters via hacked AOL account - 6 March 2017: FBI director urges Justice Department to publicly reject Trump's claims that Obama ordered his phones to be tapped during the 2016 election campaign - 8 March 2017: Top Republicans refuse to back up Trump's unproven wiretapping claim - 9 March 2017: Hawaii becomes first USA state to sue over Trump's revised travel ban - 18 March: No evidence for Trump wiretap claims in Justice Department report, as calls rise from Republicans and Democrats to withdraw the charge and apologize - 20/21 March 2017: Trump-Russia collusion is being investigated by FBI, acording to FBI's Comey, also saying there is no information to confirm Trump's wiretap claims - 25 March: Donald Trump suffered a major legislative reversal on Friday as Republicans were forced to pull their repeal of the Affordable Care Act from the House floor - 28 March 2017: Kushner link puts Russians one step closer to Trump - 31 March 2017: Trump’s former national security adviser indicates he would testify in Trump-Russia inquiry about potential links between the Trump campaign and Russia in exchange for immunity
April 2017: 2 April 2017: Federal judge David Hale in Louisville rejects Trump's defense against claim he incited violence at a March 2016 campaign rally - 15 April 2017: Lawyers for Alvin Bamberger accused of assaulting Kashiya Nwanguma at a Trump campaign rally in March 2016 have said he acted at the urging of the candidate, complicating the president’s argument in court that he stands immune to civil lawsuits - 25 April 2017: Trump’s former national security adviser, Michael Flynn, likely violated the law when he failed to disclose payments he had received from Russia and Turkey, the leading Republican and Democrat on the House oversight committee said - 26 April 2017: Judge William Orrick of San Francisco’s federal court blocked an executive order by President Trump that could deny billions of dollars to so-called sanctuary cities as punishment for harboring illegal immigrants - 28 April 2017: Sparking protests from people advocating for stricter gun control measures, Trump reaffirms his support for gun rights, telling attendees of a NRA convention in Atlanta that 'the eight-year assault on your Second Amendment freedoms has come to a crashing end'
May 2017: 4 May 2017: House Republicans pass healthcare bill in first step toward replacing Obamacare
9 May 2017 dismissal of FBI director James Comey by Donald Trump: 9 May 2017: Former acting USA attorney general Sally Yates said on Monday that she warned the White House on 26 January that then national security adviser Michael Flynn was 'compromised' and open to blackmail by the Russian government - 9 May 2017 dismissal of FBI director James Comey by Donald Trump - 10 May 2017: Following the abrupt termination of FBI director Comey who was in the midst of a probe into possible Trump campaign collusion with Russian Putin regime, lawmakers demand special counsel handle investigation and an independent prosecutor - 11 May 2017: The Senate intelligence committee issued a subpoena for former national security adviser Michael Flynn as part of the investigation into the Trump camp’s ties to Russia and Russian interference in the 2016 USA presidential election, saying the subpoena was for documents relevant to its inquiry, which Flynn declined to provide when the committee first requested them last month - 12 May 2017: Trump admits that the allegations of collusion between his advisers and Russian officials played into sacking of FBI director Comey, as acting FBI director McCabe rejects claims that staff lost faith in Comey - 16 May 2017: White House grapples with newest crisis amid report Trump gave secret information to Russia, disclosing and sharing highly classified information in meeting with Lavrov - 17 May 2017: Donald Trump reportedly urged Comey to drop Michael Flynn investigation, according to notes - 20 May 2017: Comey to testify before Senate committee on Russia probe, as conversations picked up by USA intelligence during presidential campaign show Russian regime saw retired general as an ally - 23 May 2017: Trump asked two intelligence chiefs in March to push back against the FBI investigation into possible collusion between members of his presidential campaign and Russian regime, urging NSA chief Michael Rogers and Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats to publicly deny any evidence of collusion between his campaign and Putin regime - 27 May 2017: Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser Kushner reportedly sought secret communications with Russian Putin regime, going so far as to suggest using Russian diplomatic facilities in the USA to protect channel from being monitored
Since May 2017: Since May 2017 Special Counsel for the USA Department of Justice team is a group of attorneys and investigators led by special counsel Robert Mueller, assembled to probe Russian interference in the 2016 USA elections and related matters - 18 May 2017: Special counsel appointed to lead probe into Trump-Russia ties
1 June 2017: 1 June 2017 USA withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement and international response
June 2017: 8 June 2017: Former FBI director James Comey reveals concerns about Trump in a devastating account to Congress, publicly revealing how Trump put pressure on him to shut down an investigation into a senior adviser’s links to Russia - 8 June 2017: James Comey accuses the Trump administration of spreading 'lies, plain and simple' about him and the FBI in the aftermath of his abrupt firing and reaffirms belief of Russian meddling in 2016 election - 13 June 2017: USA senators reach deal to stop White House easing Russia sanctions without approval - 15 June 2017: USA special counsel overseeing the probe into Russia’s alleged meddling in the USA election is now looking at whether president Trump attempted to obstruct justice, senior intelligence officials agree to interviews, Washington Post says - 24 June 2017: The CIA had top-level intelligence last August that Russia's Vladimir Putin personally ordered an operation to help Donald Trump win the USA presidential race, according to the Washington Post, also raising more questions about Obama's response
July 2017: June 2016 Trump campaign—Russian meeting - meeting became public knowledge in July 2017 - 9 July 2017: Donald Trump Jr, Jared Kushner and Paul Manafort met with Russian regime linked lawyer in June 2016 shortly after Donald Trump won the Republican nomination, it has emerged, in what appears to be the earliest known private meeting between key aides to the president and a Russian - 10 July 2017: Russian regime linked lawyer reportedly offered Trump Jr. and Trump campaign 'damaging info' on Clinton before June 2016 meeting - 19 July 2017: Donald Trump Jr, along with the former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort, are scheduled to testify publicly before Congress on 26 July over Trump campaign’s connections to Russian regime - 20 July 2017: Trump is now attacking his own administration, including Jeff Sessions, telling New York Times he wouldn’t have hired attorney general had he known he’d recuse himself from Russia inquiry - 21 July 2017: Russian participant in Trump Jr meeting at Trump Tower Kaveladze, who was found in 2000 to have created hundreds of shell companies for a $1.4bn scheme that USA investigators suspected was used to launder Russian money through American banks, reportedly had business partner with Russian intelligence ties - 21 July 2017: Sean Spicer resigns as White House press secretary saying there were 'too many cooks in the kitchen', after president tapped New York financier and longtime Trump supporter Anthony Scaramucci as the new White House communications director - 22 July 2017: Bipartisan group of House and Senate negotiators agrees on Russia sanctions for meddling in election - 25 July 2017: House of Representatives votes 419-3 in favor of new sanctions on Russia, Iran and North Korea - 28 July 2017: Trump foiled as Senate rejects bid to repeal 'Obamacare' - 29 July 2017: Trump replaces Priebus with John Kelly as chief of staff
August 2017: 1 August 2017: Trump fires communications director Scaramucci in the latest staff upheaval for the six-month-old administration - 1 August 2017: Trump reportedly dictated misleading statement on son's meeting with Russian lawyer - 14 August 2017: USA's Vice President Pence condemned white supremacists and neo-Nazis by name late Sunday as Trump came under bipartisan scolding for not clearly condemning white supremacists and other hate groups following neo-Nazi terror attack - 15 August 2017: CEOs quit Trump’s business advisory panel over response to violence of white nationalists - 26 August 2017: Trump pardons Joe Arpaio, former sheriff convicted in July in racial profiling case - 26 August 2017: Trump signs memo banning transgender troops from joining the USA military
September/October 2017: 25 September 2017: Trump's son-in-law and senior aide Jared Kushner used private email for White House business - 5 October 2017: Democrats line up behind a bill introduced by senator Dianne Feinstein that would outlaw the the sale and possession of 'bump stocks', a device the Las Vegas gunman used to retrofit his weapons with rapid-fire capabilities, leaving 59 victims dead and more than 500 injured in just nine minutes - 18 October 2017: USA district judge Derrick Watson in Hawaii has blocked the latest version of the Trump administration travel ban just hours before it was set to take effect, saying that it 'suffers from precisely the same maladies as its predecessor' - 25 October 2017: Joining a list of high-profile Republicans, senator Jeff Flake attacks 'reckless, outrageous and undignified' Trump - 28 October 2017: Possibly insulting at least 16 women, White House press secretary Sanders says that women accusing Trump of sexual harassment are lying
November 2017: 12 November 2017: Former USA intelligence chiefs James Clapper and John Brennan say Donald Trump poses 'a peril' to the USA because he is vulnerable to being 'played' by Russia, after the president said he believed Putin’s denials of Russian interference in the 2016 election, also issueing a stern rebuke to Trump after he called both men 'political hacks' for their support of an intelligence agency consensus that Russia meddled with the USA election
December 2017: 2 December 2017: Trump's former national security adviser Michael Flynn pleads guilty to lying to FBI about ties with Russian regime - 2 December 2017: Senate narrowly passed a massive tax overhaul early Saturday morning with a 51 to 49 vote
January 2018: 12 January 2018: UN condemns as racist Donald Trump's 'shithole countries' remark as residents of nations maligned by president respond angrily and demand an apology - 13 January 2018: Trump faces global rebuke for racist remarks - 20 January 2018: A year to the day after Trump took office, government goes into shutdown, as up to 800,000 federal workers were told to stay home and as nationwide protests on streets and places take aim at his divisive presidency
February 2018: 9 February 2018: USA government shuts down for second time in three weeks
March 2017: 11 March 2018: 'No one should feel comfortable talking about the death of my kid', Fred Guttenberg, whose daughter was killed in the Parkland school shooting, told a long line of Senate Democrats, saying that his daughter and her classmates had been hunted in their own school, and politicians needed to admit that guns were the problem and ban military-style assault weapons - 13 March 2018: Trump tweeted Tuesday that CIA Director Mike Pompeo will replace Rex Tillerson as secretary of state and that he has selected Gina Haspel to be the first female director of the CIA who once ran secret prison and helped destroy evidence of agency waterboarding - 22 March 2018: John Bolton to replace McMaster as Trump's national security adviser, after Trump announced McMaster’s departure on Twitter - 28 March 2018: Trump pushes out Shulkin at Department of Veterans Affairs, nominates Jackson as replacement - 28 March 2018: All 22 female senators call on Congress to combat sexual harassment, saying in a letter they felt 'disappointment that the Senate has failed to enact meaningful reforms’ to how complaints are handled
April: 13 April 2018: The former FBI director James Comey denounces Donald Trump as 'untethered to truth', likening the president to a mafia boss in a book set to bring fresh turmoil to the White House, writing 'I had never seen anything like it in the Oval Office ... the lying about all things, large and small, in service to some code of loyalty that put the organization above morality and the truth'
May 2018: 3 May 2018: USA teacher of the year Mandy Manning, who works with refugees and immigrants, wears badges including 'Women’s March' and 'Trans Equality Now' pins at White House and stages silent protest as Trump awards prize, told AP after the ceremony that she used a private moment with Trump to give him stacks of letters written by her students and members of the Spokane community, saying she told Trump she hoped he would read them, and she encouraged him to visit her school
July 2018: 6 July 2018: Scott Pruitt, Trump's embattled EPA chief, resigns amid ethics scandals - 11 July 2018: The Senate signaled for the first time that it is ready to push back on president Trump's tariffs, as 39 Republicans and 49 Democrats backed a resolution calling for Congress to have a role when the president imposes trade barriers in the name of national security, as he did this year on steel and aluminum - 18 July 2018: USA's Trump back-pedals on Russian meddling remarks after outcry, as Republicans and Democrats attack president’s comments in press conference with Putin in Helsinki
20 July 2018: 'Putin's poodle' Donald Trump had a taped conversation seized this year by the FBI during a raid on Cohen’s office and recorded two months before the 2016 election discussing a potential payoff to a former Playboy model who claimed she had an affair with him, in addition to the payment to the porn actor Stormy Daniels, who has alleged a sexual encounter with Trump - 20 July 2018: Facing accusations of treason over his embrace of Novichok-Putin, Trump responds to Helsinki criticism by inviting Putin to White House, at taxpayers' expense - 26 July 2018: Under pressure from critics, Trump postpones USA meeting with Novichok-Putin
2/3 August 2018: 2 August 2018: Russia still carrying out ‘pervasive’ election meddling, according to homeland security chief and intel leaders, saying 'our democracy itself is in the crosshairs', as Trump calls on Sessions to end Russia probe ‘right now’ and that he 'should stop this Rigged Witch Hunt', a day after Trump’s former campaign chairman Manafort went on trial - 3 August 2018: Trump steps up attacks on 'disgusting’ media, prompts crowd to jeer at reporters
25 August 2018: 25 août 2018: Aussi son ministre de la Justice Sessions est la cible de plusieurs tweets méprisants de Trump
31 August 2018: 31 August 2018: Trump slumps to the lowest approval rating of his presidency, with 60% disapproving of his performance, according to a new national survey, also finding that a majority support special counsel Mueller’s Russia investigation, as Republican political consultant Sam Patten linked to Paul Manafort and Cambridge Analytica pleaded guilty to illegally lobbying in the USA for pro-Russia politicians from Ukraine
September 2018: 2 September 2018: After allegations that senator Warren advanced her career by claiming Native American heritage, and after Trump has repeatedly referred to her as 'Pocahontas', Boston Globe documented that Harvard University’s decision to hire Elizabeth Warren as a law professor was not based on any assertion that she has Native American heritage
September 2018 Senate's vote on Kavanaugh’s nomination: Senate Judiciary Committee's and Senate's vote on Kavanaugh’s Supreme Court nomination by Donald Trump
September 2018 sexual assault allegation against Kavanaugh: September 2018 sexual assault allegation against Kavanaugh by Christine Blasey Ford, a professor at Palo Alto University, in which she accused him of trying to force himself on her when they were both in high school - 21 September 2018: Christine Blasey Ford, the woman accusing Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh of sexual assault has received death threats, harassment and even been forced out of her home and away from her children since coming forward, her lawyers said
5/6 October 2018 Trump, and his party, continues to mock victims and spreads anti-Semitic conspiracy theory: 5 October 2018: Trump mocks Al Franken’s Senate resignation over sexual misconduct claims, telling a rally in Minnesota 'That guy was wacky. Boy, did he fold up like a wet rag', seeing latest USA's sexual misconduct cases and allegations concerning Kavanaugh, and therefore Trump himself, ignored by his party's senators - 5 October 2018: Protests of demonstrators, including survivors of sexual assault, called 'mob rule' by Republican senator Grassley, chairman of the Senate judiciary committee - 6 October 2018: Trump’s claim that demonstrators against his Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh were paid by Jewish billionaire investor and liberal donor George Soros sparked immediate backlash, with some accusing the president of spreading an anti-Semitic conspiracy theory and a major American newspaper calling out his statement as flagrantly untrue - 6 October 2018: USA supreme court justices Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor stressed the need for the court to remain impartial during a panel at Princeton University
7 October 2018: 7 October 2018: USA's Jewish women’s groups denounce Senate for confirming Kavanaugh, saying Supreme Court 'will no longer be a place where balance and respect is given to all parties in a dispute' and where vulnerable people can hope for justice
9 October 2018: 9 October 2018: Trump, speaking at a triumphalist White House ceremony, falsely says Kavanaugh was 'proven innocent' of allegations of sexual assault
November 2018: 10 November 2018: Trump's acting attorney general Whitaker involved in firm that scammed veterans out of life savings - 10 November 2018: As Trump tried again to distance himself from Matthew Whitaker, his own choice as acting attorney general after he fired Jeff Sessions, critics said Whitaker’s appointment is unconstitutional because he has not been confirmed by the Senate
10 November 2018: House Democrats pledge to use majority to pass legislation, but the Republican-controlled Senate is likely to block even moderate, bipartisan gun control measures from becoming law
20-22 November 2018: 20 November 2018: Donald Trump’s daughter Ivanka, a White House senior adviser, used a personal email account for government business, sending hundreds of emails from the account, many in violation of federal records rules, after Trump branded his 2016 election rival 'Crooked Hillary' Clinton over her use of a private email server and encouraged supporters in chants of 'Lock her up!' - 20 November 2018: Trump inflated importance of Saudi arms sales to USA job market, report says - 21 November 2018: USA's Trump administration accused of trying to turn a blind eye to the murder of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul in October 2018 - 21 November 2018: John Roberts, chief justice of the US supreme court, has chastised Donald Trump for calling a judge who ruled against his migrant asylum order an 'Obama judge' - 22 November 2018: Members of the USA Congress have warned that not punishing Saudi Arabia for its role in killing a USA-based columnist will have dangerous consequences - 22 November 2018: USA's CIA is in possession of a recording of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman giving an order to 'silence Jamal Kashoggi as soon as possible', according to Hurriyet Daily News
4 December 2018: 4 December 2018: CIA chief Haspel to brief Senate leaders on Khashoggi's death, after the CIA has assessed that Saudi prince bin Salman ordered the killing of Jamal Khashoggi, who described growing fear in private messages - 4 December 2018: Briefed USA senators say they are certain Saudi crown prince ordered Khashoggi's murder, also saying the USA must 'send a clear and unequivocal message that such actions are not acceptable in the world's stage'
8 December 2018: 8 December 2018: Trump’s first EPA administrator Pruitt repeatedly violated agency policy to use personal email for government business, according to newly released public records
12 December 2018: 12 December 2018: CIA Director Gina Haspel will hold a classified briefing on the Khashoggi case for House leaders and the heads of national security committees
13 December 2018: 13 December 2018: USA Senate votes to condemn Saudi Mohammed bin Salman, end support for Yemen war, unanimously approving a measure blaming the bone saws kingdom’s crown prince for the assassination of journalist and columnist for the 'Washington Post' Jamal Khashoggi
21 December 2018: 21 December 2018: Following two tumultuous years and abruptly changing policies, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is stepping down from his post after the former Marine general clashed with Trump over his troop drawdown in Syria, Trump's disregard for America's closest allies and Trump administration's approach to 'malign actors and strategic competitors' on the world stage
22 December 2018 Trump's wall government shutdown: 22 December 2018: USA government shutdown goes ahead amid deadlock over Trump's wall
23 December 2018: 23 December 2018: Day two of the third USA government shutdown in a year saw hundreds of thousands of federal employees without pay, national parks closed and Donald Trump stubbornly refusing to accept the blame for an event he previously declared he would be 'proud' to cause
28 December 2018: 28 December 2018: Partial government shutdown caused by an impasse over Trump’s proposed wall on the Mexican border will continue into 2019 after both chambers of Congress adjourned without acting to end Trump's policy of chantage
January 2019: 2 January 2019: USA's parliament and government fail to resolve shutdown after meeting - 3 January 2019: USA enters new phase as record 102 females will be sworn into House and balance of power shifts in Congress
Since 3 January 2019 first two Native American women in the House of Representatives: Since 3 January 2019 first two Native American women in the USA's House of Representatives, Sharice Lynnette Davids, an attorney and politician from the state of Kansas, and Debra Anne Haaland, an attorney and former chair of the Democratic Party of New Mexico
Since 4 January 2019 effects of government shutdown: 4 January 2019: While hundreds of thousands of federal workers go without pay and the government is partially shut down, scores of senior Trump political appointees are poised to receive annual raises of about $10,000 a year, amid Trump's federal government shutdown of 2018–2019 - 11 January 2019: As government shutdown barrels into its third week over Trump’s border wall the weight of that uncertainty is being disproportionately shouldered by black Americans - 12 January 2019: USA's federal government closure, entering its 22nd day and making it the longest such shutdown in USA history, is impacting millions, as hundreds of thousands of workers are no longer being paid, 69% of USA citizens say a border wall should not be a priority and the public is increasingly blaming Trump for the shutdown, according to polling
12 January 2019: 12 January 2019: FBI's reported inquiry into whether Trump was working for Russia may raise new questions for congressional investigators probing Russian meddling
25 January 2019: 25 January 2019: Trump signs bill to end shutdown and temporarily reopen government, securing not a penny for his wall, all those federal government workers missing pay cheques and queueing at food banks, and other impacts and damage for the country was for nothing - 26 January 2019: Food banks helped keep federal workers fed through the shutdown
February 2019: 6 February 2019: Mistakes, exaggerations and lies in Trump's state of the union, fact check reveals
Since 15 February 2019 Trump's emergency: 15 February 2019 National Emergency Concerning the Southern Border of the USA - 16 February 2019: Donald Trump has defied fierce criticism to announce that he is using emergency powers to bypass Congress and pursue the building of a wall on the USA-Mexico border - 18 February 2019: A group of 16 states has filed a lawsuit in a Northern California federal court against Trump's declaration of a national emergency, calling the president's decision to use executive power to fund a border wall unconstitutional - 25 February 2019: Sponsoring the Voting Rights Advancement Act that will be introduced to the House of Representatives the Democratic party launches a major push to repair USA’s broken electoral system and counter a wave of voter suppression
27 February 2019: 27 February 2019: President's former personal lawyer Cohen testifies before Congress that Trump knew in advance that Wikileaks would release hacked e-mails, that he was aware of other possible illegal acts involving Trump that he could not discuss, and that Trump is a 'racist', a 'conman' and a 'cheat'
7 March 2019 Debra Haaland presides over the USA House: On 7 March 2019, during a debate onvoting rights and campaign finance, Debra Anne Haaland who is serving as the USA Representative from New Mexico's 1st congressional district became the first Native American woman to preside over the USA House of Representatives
16 March 2019 congressional resolution vetoed: 16 March 2019: After Trump vetoed a congressional resolution blocking his decision to declare a national emergency at the USA-Mexico border and devote billions of dollars to his plan to construct a border wall, Congress will make its first attempt on March 26 to override veto
26 April 2019 Trump to withdraw from UN arms trade treaty: 26 April 2019: Trump tells NRA he’s withdrawing from UN arms trade treaty that regulates international conventional weapons sales, from small arms to battle tanks, combat aircraft and warships, as critics say move will embolden terrorism and terrorists, will undermine 'international peace and security', and 'international efforts to reduce human suffering caused by irresponsible and illegal arms transfers', according to the consultant to the arms trade treaty process Rachel Stohl
30 April 2019: 30 April 2019: After Poway terrorist attack, Senator Feinstein submits bill to raise minimum age to buy assault rifle, again trying to bar sale of weapon to anyone under 21, after 19-year-old is charged in deadly synagogue shooting in her home state
June 2019: 23 June 2019: Trump dismisses UN request for FBI to investigate the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who was USA resident and wrote for the Washington Post, suggesting it would jeopardise USA weapons sales to Saudi Arabia
July 2019: 3/4 July 2019: Trump brings out the big guns for July 4 military parade, as critics say he is hijacking traditionally non-partisan Independence Day for his re-election campaign by holding multi-million dollar show, and as Jewish activists were arrested during a protest at a New Jersey detention center, saying 'never again is now' - 4 July 2019: As Britain circulated a statement that condemned the air strike and called for a ceasefire, USA's Trump administration thwarts UN Security Council condemnation of attack on Libya migrant center, after administration earlier criticized the attack as 'abhorrent' but did not call for a ceasefire - 4/5 July 2019: Trump baby blimp returns for Fourth of July protest in Washington DC, as Trump claims in a speech, which saw him become the first USA president in nearly 70 years to address the country on Independence Day, that the army 'took over the airports' from the British during the revolutionary war in the late 1700s
14 July 2019 immigration crackdown and protests: 14 July 2019: NYC mayor Bill de Blasio says immigration crackdown underway, also saying his city will not cooperate with ICE in detaining undocumented migrants in nationwide raids, while many other city officials also fear the aggressive roundup could intimidate migrants, making them less likely in future to cooperate with local police, thus making it harder to ensure public safety, as demonstrators in dozens of cities across the USA protested the planned raids and people gathered for vigils to protest the treatment of immigrants in detention centers
14/15 July 2019: 14 July 2019: Leave the USA, Trump tells liberal Democratic congresswomen, apparently aiming at Reps. Ocasio-Cortez, Omar, Pressley, and Tlaib, saying House Speaker Pelosi will happily pay for lawmakers to ‘go back’ to countries they came from - 15 juillet 2019: Après le président américain a suggéré à des élues démocrates de 'retourner' d'où elles venaient, la Première ministre britannique Theresa May a jugé 'totalement inacceptables' ses déclarations - 15 July 2019: House Democrats, including Sharice Lynnette Davids and Debra Anne Haaland, will vote to condemn Trump’s racist tweet about four progressive lawmakers
16 July 2019 democratic response to Trumps 'go back' tweets: 16 July 2019: Four Democratic congresswomen of color targeted by Donald Trump’s racist attacks have accused him of following an 'agenda of white nationalists' and asked that USA citizens 'do not take the bait' of his divisive rhetoric that prompted condemnation across the world
16/17 July 2019 USA House condemns Trump’s tweets as racist: 17 July 2019: The House of Representatives passed a resolution approved on a mostly partisan-line vote of 240 to 187, condemning Donald Trump’s incendiary remarks as racist after Trump tweeted that four Democratic congresswomen of color should 'go back' to where they 'came from', though all are USA citizens and three were born in the USA
20 July 2019: 20 July 2019: Pregnant African American lawmaker Erica Thomas in Georgia said she was verbally attacked in a supermarket by a middle-aged white man who used profanity, called her vulgar names and told her to 'go back where you came from' as her nine-year-old daughter looked on
24 July 2019 Congress hearing of Robert Mueller: 24 July 2019: Former special counsel Robert Mueller bluntly dismissed president Trump’s claims of total exoneration in the federal probe of Russia’s 2016 election interference, telling Congress he explicitly did not clear the president of obstructing his investigation, also rejecting Trump’s assertions that the probe was a 'witch hunt' and hoax, and declaring Russian election interference one of the greatest challenges to democracy that he had encountered
26 July 2019 Russian interference Senate report: 26 July 2019: Russia targeted election systems in all 50 USA states, Senate report finds, as vulnerabilities remain
27 July 2019 Trump attacks Baltimore's Elijah Cummings: 27 July 2019: USA's Donald Trump was hit with new accusations of racism after he attacked prominent African American congressman Elijah Cummings, whose district covers much of Baltimore, branding the majority-black city of Baltimore an 'infested mess', an attack ostensibly provoked by Cummings's criticism of the harsh conditions facing would-be asylum seekers at the Mexican border
7 August 2019 El Paso residents tell Trump to stay away: 7 August 2019: El Paso residents tell Trump to stay away after shooting amid fury over his anti-immigration rhetoric, as Dayton’s mayor says she plans to tell him ‘how unhelpful he’s being’, also saying 'his comments weren’t helpful on guns'
8 August 2019: 8 August 2019: USA state department’s top official for Latin America Kimberley Breier resigns, becoming the fourth assistant secretary of state to depart this year, reportedly following a heated internal dispute over an agreement with Guatemala at the end of July
Since summer 2019 Trump–Ukraine controversy: Since summer 2019 Trump–Ukraine controversy
September 2019 impeachment inquiry against Trump: Since 24 September 2019 impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump, announced in the wake of an anonymous whistleblower report - 25 September 2019: USA Democrats launched a formal impeachment inquiry against president Trump, saying Trump betrayed his oath and focusing partly on whether Trump abused his presidential powers, seeking the help of a foreign country to harm a political rival
26/27 September 2019 'serious wrongdoing': 26 September 2019: Whistleblower complaint shows 'serious wrongdoing' - 27 September 2019: White House tried to cover up Trump's Ukraine conversation, whistleblower alleges
228 September 2019 Trump told Russian regime the USA also meddled in other countries’ elections as Volker resigned: 28 September 2019: As USA special envoy to Ukraine Volker resigns amid whistleblower scandal, evidence revealed that USA's Trump told Russia’s FM and ambassador to the USA he was unconcerned about Russian regime’s interference in the 2016 USA presidential election because USA did the same in other countries, after White House reportedly restricted access to comments that Trump made in 2017 Oval Office meeting with grinning Russian officials, and to more transcripts of conversations including phone calls with Saudi bone saw prince
8 October 2019 Trump's withdrawal from Syria: 8 October 2019: Trump isolated as Republican allies revolt over his withdrawal from Syria
19 October 2019 Mitch McConnell rips Syria withdrawal as 'a strategic nightmare’: 19 October 2019: Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has attacked Donald Trump’s decision to pull troops from Syria as 'a strategic nightmare', amid fighting in Syria's north despite a ceasefire deal, warning that Trump’s pullout of USA forces will 'embolden our enemies, and weaken important alliances’
21 October 2019 USA troops in Syria going to Iraq, not home as Trump claims: 21 October 2019: While Donald Trump insists he’s bringing home USA soldiers from 'endless wars' in the Mideast, Pentagon chief says all USA troops leaving Syria will go to western Iraq and the military will continue operations against the Islamic State terrorists, now strengthened by Turkish invasion in northern Syria
16 December 2019 USA intelligence agencies distrust unpredictable Trump: 16 December 2019: USA intelligence agencies distrust unpredictable president, as current and former officials say Trump doesn’t know how to process information and relies heavily on partisan cable news sources for information
3 January 2020 USA's Mike Pompeo explains USA airstrike in Baghdad: 3 January 2020: USA Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is calling world leaders to explain and defend the decision to order an airstrike that killed Iran's top military commander, and has already spoken with FMs of Britain, Germany as well as China’s state councilor after Qassem Soleimani was killed near the airport in Baghdad, also saying the USA airstrike on Iranian general Suleimani 'saved American lives'
4 February 2020 State of the Union Address amid report of Salvadorans deported by USA: 4 February 2020 State of the Union Address, as Human Rights Watch report reveals that hundreds of Salvadorans deported by USA were killed or abused from 2013 to 2019 - 4 February 2020: High-profile Democrats to boycott Trump’s State of the Union Address, saying 'I will not use my presence at a state ceremony to normalize Trump’s lawless conduct and subversion of the Constitution'
14 February 2020 AG William Barr tells Trump to stop tweeting about cases: 14 February 2020: Attorney general William Barr tells Trump to stop tweeting about cases, British 'Guardian' reports
19 February 2020: Trump falsely declares himself 'the chief law enforcement officer' of the USA: 19 February 2020: Trump falsely declares himself 'the chief law enforcement officer' of the USA - 18 February 2020: Group of more than 1,000 judges calls emergency meeting amid Trump concerns, as judges will meet to address alarm over the president intervening in politically sensitive cases
25 February 2020 Trump's separation of families constitutes torture: 25 February 2020: Trump's separation of families constitutes torture, doctors find, as evaluations of 26 people by 'Physicians for Human Rights' provides first in-depth look at policy’s psychological impact
25 March 2020 USA Congress and president agree on $2 trillion virus rescue bill: 25 March 2020: USA Congress and president agree on $2 trillion virus rescue bill, biggest in history
6 April 2020 ousted intelligence inspector Atkinson urges others to speak out and defend whistleblowers, also amid pandemic: 6 April 2020: Ousted USA intelligence inspector general urges others to speak out and defend whistleblowers, after Trump fired Michael Atkinson, a pivotal figure in his impeachment last year, on Friday - 6 April 2020: USA wasted months before preparing for covid-19 pandemic, as early as mid-January USA officials could see that hospitals in China’s Hubei province were overwhelmed with covid-19 patients, with many left dependent on ventilator machines to breathe
9 April 2020 USA's intelligence warned of coronavirus threat as early as November: 9 April 2020: A November report by the USA's intelligence reportedly warned of the coronavirus illness spreading through China’s Wuhan and the effect it could have on USA troops in Asia, as National Security Council and White House were briefed extensively on danger by January but failed to act to counter it - 9 April 2020: With 149,000 cases, New York state becomes world’s top covid-19 hotspot
18 April 2020 Trump demands states ‘LIBERATE’: 18 avril 2020: Trump appelle à la révolte contre le confinement, avec près de 3000 morts par jour et plus de 34'600 décès dans le pays - 18 avril 2020: Face à une demande inédite due à la pandémie de covid-19, les banques alimentaires américaines tournent à plein régime
2 May 2020 Trump defends neo-Nazi linked armed protesters in front of the Michigan governor’s office: 2 May 2020: Jewish Democrats decried USA's Trump on Friday as 'depraved' after he defended neo-Nazi linked armed protesters, including assault rifles, rallying against social-distancing measures in front of the Michigan governor’s office as 'very good people', as some demonstrators were holding swastikas and other Nazi insignia - 2 May 2020: Auschwitz memorial condemns presence of Nazi slogan at USA anti-lockdown rally, as sign bearing the words 'Arbeit macht frei’ at Illinois demonstration against state’s coronavirus measures
12 May 2020 USA fossil fuel giants set for a coronavirus bailout bonanza: 12 May 2020: At least 90 fossil fuel companies, many of them established giants such as ExxonMobil, Chevron and Koch Industries, and coal-powered utilities in the USA are set for a potential bonanza under federal government plans for a bond bailout, part of the rescue package for the coronavirus crisis
28/29 May 2020 DoJ says inquiry of George Floyd killing 'top priority' after thousands protest amid Trump's threats: 28 May 2020: The USA Department of Justice said it had made its investigation into police involvement in the death of George Floyd a 'top priority' after thousands took to the streets for a second day of protests in Minneapolis, as demonstrations and protests against police brutality targeting black Americans spread to other parts of the USA including New York, Denver, Chicago and Oakland, and as Trump threatens to use violence to suppress the unrest, amid his latest confrontation with social media - 29 May 2020: As protests against the racist killing of George Floyd spread across USA, 9-year-old Judeah Reynolds, who watched George Floyd suffocating under Minneapolis police officer’s knee, and Judeah’s mother said she and her family had been visiting Minneapolis from nearby Columbus on Monday and her daughter had been walking with a relative, as now cellphone video footage of the incident has been watched by tens of millions of people worldwide
1 June 2020 autopsy commissioned for George Floyd’s family found that he died of asphyxiation: 1 June 2020: An autopsy commissioned for George Floyd’s family found that he died of asphyxiation due to neck and back compression, when USA police officer in Minneapolis held his knee on Floyd’s neck for several minutes and ignored his cries of distress, the family’s attorneys said Monday, contradicting official findings, after official autopsy of the black USA citizen killed by white cop concluded there was nothing ‘to support a diagnosis of traumatic asphyxia or strangulation’
1 June 2020 posing Trump's visit to St. John's Church: 1 June 2020 Donald Trump visit to St. John's Church, as amid ongoing protests sparked by the killing of George Floyd, police and National Guard troops cleared peaceful protesters from Lafayette Square and surrounding streets in Washington, D.C. to create a path for USA president Trump to walk to St. John's Episcopal Church, where Trump held up a Bible and posed for photos in front of the church, seen by many as excessive and an affront to First Amendment right to freedom of assembly
2 June 2020 rejection of Trump's threat to deploy the military against protesters: 2 June 2020: Trump's threat to deploy the military against protesters rejected by governors and lawmakers
2 June 2020 at least 9 people killed during incidents after George Floyd's death as many of the killed were African Americans: 2 June 2020: At least nine people have been killed during incidents apparently related to unrest following death of George Floyd, as many of the people killed were African Americans, compounding the tragedy for black families to lose more members of their community
3 June 2020 amid demonstrations governors and mayors from both parties reject Trump’s threat to send in the military: 3 June 2020: Demonstrations across USA largely peaceful as governors and mayors from both parties reject Trump’s threat to send in the military and calls to crush demonstrations - 3 June 2020: 'Snapchat' curbs Trump posts for inciting racial violence - 3 June 2020: Prosecutors charge 3 more officers in George Floyd’s death, as Derek Chauvin, the Minneapolis police officer accused of pressing his knee against George Floyd’s neck until he died, to be charged with second-degree murder, delivering a victory to protesters who have filled the streets from coast to coast to fight police brutality and racial injustice
4 June 2020 neo-Nazi linked extremists held on terror charges for inciting violence at USA protests: 4 June 2020: Three far-right extremists Parshall, Lynam, and Loomis, all from Las Vegas and in possession of Molotov cocktails, arrested by an anti-terror unit at Las Vegas protests over the killing of African American George Floyd by police, were charged with inciting violence, according to officials, explaining that the men allegedly belong to the 'Boogaloo' movement, which has adopted Hawaiian shirts as a uniform and which promotes 'a coming civil war and/or collapse of society' - 4 June 2020: Ex-defense chief Mattis issues scathing rebuke of Trump over protests, accusing him of trying to divide country and ordering military to violate constitutional rights of USA citizens
6 June 2020 states announce police reforms following protests: 6 June 2020: Nationwide protests hurtled toward a second weekend following the police killing of George Floyd, as several cities and states took steps to reform controversial policing tactics
8 June 2020 calls to defund police sweep USA: 8 June 2020: Calls to defund police sweep USA, 'The Guardian' reports
9 June 2020 protesters across USA attacked by cars driven into crowds and men with guns: 9 June 2020: Protesters across USA attacked by cars driven into crowds and men with guns - 9 June 2020: USA cities and states take moderate steps to reform police departments, including New York, Minneapolis, Portland and more
11 June 2020 after generations of white supremacists’s racism and violence women and mothers notice change: 11 June 2020: For generations and for years, women and mothers marched demanding for justice amid white supremacists’s rule, enforced inequality and exploitation, racism and violence, different now, they say, is a generation hungry for change - 11 June 2020: Christopher Columbus statues toppled in Virginia and beheaded in Boston - 11 June 2020: Protesters topple statue of Confederate president in Virginia, as monument of Jefferson Davis torn down in Richmond and anti-racism protests continue in the USA
14/15 June 2020 Democrats call for police reform after latest shooting of a black man: 14/15 June 2020: Democrats call for police reform after latest killing, as death of Rayshard Brooks, a black man killed by a white police officer in Atlanta, was a homicide caused by gunshot wounds to the back, according to 'Fulton County Medical Examiner's office'
16 June 2020 push for justice and police reform in the USA continues: 16 June 2020: Black Lives Matter protests, push for justice and police reform in the USA continues, reported by 'The Guardian'
18 June 2020 Trump was willing to halt criminal investigations as 'favor' to dictators, Bolton book says: 18 June 2020: Trump was willing to halt criminal investigations as 'favor' to dictators, Bolton book says, leaked to media outlets, as 'White House' tried to block publication of 'The Room Where It Happened', making a series of explosive claims including 'Trump offered favors to dictators', 'Trump praised Xi for China’s internment camps', 'Trump pleaded with China to help win the 2020 election'
19 June 2020 Supreme court blocks Trump from cancelling Daca immigration program: 19 June 2020: Supreme court blocks Trump from cancelling Daca immigration program
28/29 June 2020 only black Republican senator slams Trump retweet of video with 'white power' message: 29 June 2020: Trump retweeted video montage of a confrontation during a pro-Trump golf cart parade in Florida, in which Trump supporter can be heard yelling 'white power', as the only black Republican senator Tim Scott said that Trump's retweet of video containing white power message was offensive and should be removed from Twitter, bringing Trump to delete video montage
7 July 2020 over 5,600 fossil fuel companies have taken at least $3bn in USA covid-19 aid: 7 July 2020: Over 5,600 fossil fuel companies have taken at least $3bn in USA covid-19 aid from Trump's federal administration, according to SBA data
8 July 2020 nine out of 10 USA citizens say racism and police brutality are problems according to poll: 8 July 2020: Nine in 10 USA citizens believe that racism and police violence are problems in the country, a Guardian/Opinium Research poll has found, a sign that public opinion is shifting away from the views put forward by Donald Trump
10 July 2020 Supreme court's verdict over Trump's tax records and 'Black Lives Matter' painting in front of Trump Tower: 10 July 2020: Trump rages after supreme court verdict over tax records, as New York City’s mayor together with Rev Al Sharpton took part in painting 'Black Lives Matter' in front of Trump Tower in Manhattan, a week after Donald Trump tweeted it would be 'a symbol of hate'
11 July 2020 Trump's commutation of ally Roger Stone's sentence sparks outrage: 11 July 2020: Trump's commutation of ally Roger Stone's sentence despite the USA attorney general having declared Stone’s conviction 'righteous' sparks outrage
20 July 2020 House Democrats call for 'urgent' investigation into federal policing in Portland: 20 July 2020: House Democrats call for 'urgent' investigation into federal policing in Portland, as lawmakers alarmed by the Trump administration’s tactics against protesters in Oregon and numerous communities across the USA
23 July 2020 federal agents' actions ordered by Trump draw Portlsand city into a national debate: 23 July 2020: Federal agents in Portland have detained protesters in unmarked vans, teargassed crowds, beaten reporters and worked without visible identification or insignia in recent days, as Black Lives Matter protests in the city near the end of their eighth consecutive week, and as the agents have acted despite the objections of Portland’s mayor, Ted Wheeler, the Oregon governor, Kate Brown, and Oregon’s two Democratic senators - 23 July 2020: Calls mount for Trump to withdraw federal agents, after Portland mayor teargassed, as 'The Guardian' reports live
25 July 2020 Trump's agents' violence against USA veterans in Portland: 25 July 2020: 'That’s an illegal order', veterans say challenging Trump's violent officers in Portland, asking ordered federal agents if they understood their oath to defend the constitution as teargas was fired at USA citizens and a protester was pushed to the ground with such force that she slid 6ft across the pavement, and then teargas was fired on the veterans and Trump's agents tried to hit them with batons breaking one's hand in two places and spraying in the face with a white chemical irritant that 'felt like flaming gasoline' - 25 July 2020: USA senator Ron Wyden from Oregon says Portland tactics threaten democracy, stating that 'the violent tactics deployed by Donald Trump and his paramilitary forces against peaceful protesters are those of a fascist regime, not a democratic nation', as USA Senator Jeff Merkley deplores ‘military-style assault’, as former Ice head John Sandweg says Trump is using agents as his ‘goon squad’, and as UN human rights office spokeswoman Elizabeth Throssell told reporters in Geneva 'peaceful demonstrations that have been taking place in cities in the US, such as Portland, really must be able to continue' - 22 July 2020: Court documents reveal secretive federal unit deployed for Trump's 'Operation Diligent Valor' in Oregon
29/30 July 2020 lawmakers say Facebook, Amazon, Apple and Google have 'too much power': 29 July 2020: USA's Facebook, Amazon, Apple and Google executives were told they have 'too much power', are censoring political speech, spreading fake news and 'killing' the engines of USA's economy, at a combative congressional hearing before members of the House judiciary’s antitrust subcommittee - 30 July 2020: USA lawmakers condemn Facebook’s Instagram acquisition
30 July 2020 Oregon’s Kate Brown says local police will guard, federal officers will pull out in reversal for Trump: 30 July 2020: Federal officers to pull out of Portland in a major reversal for Trump administration, as Oregon’s governor Kate Brown says local police, state and city police officers will guard also the federal courthouse that has become a flashpoint for protests defending democracy, also saying 'these federal officers have acted as an occupying force, refused accountability, and brought violence and strife to our community', and as mayors of Chicago, Los Angeles, Atlanta and 11 other cities accused the president of deploying federal law enforcement officers 'for political purposes' amid suspicions that Trump is more interested in creating conflict than ending it, 'these are tactics ... from an authoritarian regime'
30 July 2020 Trump calls for delay to election, falsely claiming mail-in voting will lead to fraud: 30 July 2020: Trump calls for delay to election, falsely claiming mail-in voting will lead to fraud, 'The Guardian' reports live
31 August 2020 Trump continues threats against Portland ahead of Kenosha visit: 31 August 2020: Trump continues threats against Portland ahead of Kenosha visit
1 September 2020 Biden accuses Trump of encouraging a breakdown in law and order, declaring him a ‘toxic presence’: 1 September 2020: Joe Biden on Monday accused Donald Trump of fomenting violence in USA's cities as the president endorsed his supporters who fired paintballs at protesters in Portland, ignored pleas to stay away from Kenosha despite high tension after police shot a Black man there, again encouraging a breakdown in law and order while labeling himself the law and order president, and declared Trump a ‘toxic presence’
2 September 2020 emerging trend of armed gunmen and 'militia movement' in USA cities: 2 September 2020: ADL sees dangers in ‘militia movement’ behind Portland and Kenosha shootings and the emerging trend of armed gunmen at hot spots, who claim to ‘protect’ residents from BLM protesters as democratic opposition and unrest snowballs in the USA after accepting unacceptable Donald Trump as president in 2016
5 September 2020 nearly all Black Lives Matter protests are peaceful despite Trump narrative, report finds: 5 September 2020: The vast majority of the thousands of Black Lives Matter protests this summer have been peaceful, with more than 93% involving no serious harm to people or damage to property, but the Trump administration has taken a 'heavy-handed approach to the demonstrations, with authorities using force 'more often than not' when they are present, according to a new report tracking political violence in the USA
5 September 2020 Trump condemned for calling USA war dead 'suckers': 5 September 2020: Current and former members of the military, elected officials and Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden reacted with outrage and sadness on Friday, as ex-Trump administration officials confirmed key details of report in which the USA president referred to fallen soldiers as 'suckers' and 'losers'
11 September 2020 Trump’s taped admission that he minimized covid-19 pandemic in public: 11 September 2020: After journalist Bob Woodward revealed that Trump deliberately downplayed the covid-19 crisis, with Trump’s taped admission to Woodward that he minimized the pandemic in public while being aware from the start about the unique danger presented by covid-19, the steadily lying Trump says I didn’t want to ‘jump up and down’ and scream ‘death!’ over virus, 'The Times of Israel' reports today - 11 September 2020: In a year of restrictions, covid-19 changes 9/11 memorial ceremonies in the USA
26/27 September 2020 Indiana appeals judge Trump's nominee to the supreme court: 26/27 septembre 2020: Catholique pratiquante et mère de sept enfants, Amy Coney Barrett attend maintenant la confirmation de sa nomination à la Cour suprême par le USA Senate
28 September 2020 'The Guardian' reports the New York Times' Trump taxes bombshell: 28 September 2020: 'The Guardian' reports the New York Times' Trump taxes bombshell, as the president pays little, faces hefty audit costs as well as loans coming due soon, and Ivanka is not in the clear
1/2 October 2020 rights groups appalled as Trump cuts USA refugee admissions to record low amid covid-19: 1 October 2020: Rights groups appalled as Trump cuts USA refugee admissions to record low, and as USA state department says cap of 15,000 reflects priority of 'safety and wellbeing of Americans, especially in light of Covid-19’ - 2 October 2020: Doctors have warned that the USA's president Trump has numerous factors placing him at risk of complications from covid-19, including his age and being overweight, after he announced that he and his wife had both tested positive for the virus, as USA under Trump has now suffered the highest covid-19 death toll at 207,808 since January 2020, or one in five deaths worldwide
8 October 2020 covid drug given to Trump developed using cells derived from aborted fetus: 8 October 2020: Covid drug given to Trump developed using cells derived from aborted fetus
22 October 2020 Senate committee Republicans approve Trump's Supreme Court pick: 22 October 2020: Senate committee Republicans approve Trump's Supreme Court pick to the Supreme Court, as minority Democrats unhappy with the way the nomination was rushed through ahead of the 3 November election boycotted the vote, and as the full Senate is due meet to endorse Justice Barrett on Monday
27 October 2020 2 years after massacre Pittsburgh Jews still fear neo-Nazi violence linked with USA president: 27 October 2020: Two years after massacre Pittsburgh Jews still fear neo-Nazi violence linked with a USA president they regard as country’s inciter in chief since the tragedy at the Tree of Life Synagogue, as fence surrounding the synagogue in the Squirrel Hill neighborhood is covered with messages of unity and hope, serving as a reminder to the events of 27 October 2018, when a white nationalist murdered 11 worshippers, but also representing this community’s response to hatred as many Jews in the neighborhood now have another statement to make, that president Trump’s rhetoric at the time and failure to condemn white supremacy contributed to the attack, vowing to vote him out of office
4 November 2020 USA exits 2015 Paris climate crisis agreement: 4 November 2020: USA officially became the only country in the world refusing to participate in global climate efforts, with the fate of the crisis hanging on the still uncalled presidential election, as Donald Trump has withdrawn the USA from the 2015 Paris international climate agreement to avert dangerous temperature increases that are already leading to more extreme weather and threaten to shrink world food supplies, force millions to flee their homes and deprive many of basic human rights
8 November 2020 Joe Biden could bring Paris climate goals 'within striking distance': 8 November 2020: Joe Biden could bring Paris climate goals 'within striking distance', as his presidency could help reduce global heating by about 0.1C if plans fulfilled, say experts
24 November 2020 presidential transition finally begins after GSA declared Biden apparent winner: Since 7 November 2020 presidential transition of Joe Biden - 24 November 2020: Biden to formally introduce cabinet picks, as transition finally begins after GSA declared Biden apparent winner clearing way for the formal transition, and as Trump continues to contest election as 'corrupt’ and 'fake’
30 November 2020 Biden announces female communications team: 30 novembre 2020: Biden nomme une équipe de communication entièrement féminine
9 December 2020: 9 out of 10 people in 70 low-income countries are unlikely to be vaccinated against covid-19 next year because the majority of the most promising vaccines coming on-stream have been bought up by economically dominant countries,
9 December 2020 USA passes 15m covid-19 cases now having 140m citizens in poverty after Trump, Obama, Bush etc. years: 9 December 2020: USA passes 15m cases of pandemic that killed 15,000 people in the last week alone, as country after Trump, Obama, Bush etc. years now has 140m residents in poverty, and millions of hungry citizens, turning to food banks for first time
Since 13 December 2020 USA federal government data breach for months revealed: 13 December 2020: USA federal government data breach for months, as major cyberattack by the hacking group 'Cozy Bear' backed by the Russian intelligence agency SVR was identified penetrating multiple parts of the government, reported to be among the worst cyber-espionage ever suffered by the USA due to the sensitivity and high profile, and as at least 200 organizations around the world had been reported to be affected by the attack
20 December 2020 new environmental and climate change team presented: 20 décembre 2020: Face à 'la menace', Joe Biden présente son équipe climat, en assurant que la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique sera un pilier de son action pour reconstruire l’économie américaine
21 December 2020 covid-19 economic relief plan agreed: 21 décembre 2020: Après des mois d’âpres négociations, démocrates et républicains ont annoncé être parvenus à un accord pour maintenir à flot la première économie mondiale durement affectée par la pandémie de covid-19
27 December 2020 millions lose benefits as Trump refuses to sign Covid relief package: 27 December 2020: 11 million USA citizens will lose aid from expiration of unemployment programs as Trump heads to the golf course instead of signing bill including covid-19 relief package agreed in Congress
29 December 2020 House Republicans join Democrats to override Trump's defence bill veto: 29 December 2020: House Republicans join with Democrats to override Trump's veto of $741bn defence bill
4 January 2021 Georgia official suggests Trump could face criminal inquiry over 'find votes' demand: 4 January 2021: Georgia official Raffensperger suggests Trump could face criminal inquiry over 'find votes' demand, 'The Guardian' reports live, as he indicates county DA could launch investigation - 4 January 2021: Unprecedented letter calls on voted-out president to accept Joe Biden’s election victory amid growing fears over his behaviour, as former defence secretaries tell Trump leave military out of his increasingly desperate efforts to overturn the result
6 January 2021 Trump rally in Washington D.C., rioting and storming of the USA Capitol: 6 January 2021 Trump rally in Washington D.C., rioting and storming of the USA Capitol Building, causing 4 deaths, injuries of at least 14 D.C. police officers, and leading to at least 53 arrests
Since 6 January 2021 efforts to remove Donald Trump: Since 6 January 2021 following the storming of the Capitol multiple members of Congress, state governors, media organisations, trade associations, and anonymous members of Trump's cabinet have called for or speculated about removal of the sitting president
Since 6 January 2021 international reactions to the 2021 storming of the USA Capitol: Since 6 January 2021 international reactions to the 2021 storming of the USA Capitol
7 January 2021 Israeli politicians Lapid, Gantz ‘shocked, horrified’ by violence at USA Capitol: 7 January 2021: Israeli politicians Lapid, Gantz ‘shocked, horrified’ by violence at USA Capitol, as opposition leader Yair Lapid said Wednesday night he was 'deeply saddened and shocked' by the violence at the US Capitol after supporters of USA's Trump, egged on by the president himself, stormed the building
13 January 2021 House speaker Nancy Pelosi calls Trump ‘a clear and present danger’: 13 January 2021 House speaker Nancy Pelosi says 'we know that the president of the United States incited this (6 January) insurrection, armed rebellion, against our common country', 'a clear and present danger to the nation we all love' - 13 January 2021: New York congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez thought she 'was going to die' during Capitol attack, saying on Instagram Live she had a ‘very close encounter’ that put her life at risk and those of her staff - 13 January 2021: More than 70 charged so far over Capitol attack as FBI inundated with tips, as hundreds more are expected to face prosecution and as acting DC attorney general warns 'these are only the beginning’
22 January 2021 Biden orders expanded aid to address growing hunger crisis in USA amid pandemic: 22 January 2021: Biden orders expanded aid to address growing hunger crisis in USA amid pandemic, as new USA president to sign 2 more executive orders Friday as part of his administration’s covod response
22 January 2021 USA Senate confirms Lloyd Austin as first Black secretary of defense: 22 January 2021: USA Senate confirms Lloyd Austin as first Black secretary of defense with 93-2 vote, as president Biden expected to win approval for rest of national security team in coming days
25 January 2021 USA watchdog to investigate whether officials made 'improper attempts' to alter election result: 25 USA watchdog to investigate whether officials made 'improper attempts' to alter election result, as DoJ watchdog looks into possible collusion with Trump effort, 'The Guardian' reports live
27 January 2021 president turns attention to climate crisis and more urgent issues: 27 January 2021: President turns attention to climate crisis, as covid experts lead taskforce briefing, after Biden also said 'we're letting science speak again', wanting citizens to hear directly from scientific team, and as president reaffirms USA commitment to Nato, the British 'Guardian' reports live
2 February 2021 more covid-19 relief talks as president also seeks to undo border family separations: 2 February 2021: USA president Biden and Republicans agree to more covid-19 relief talks despite divisions, as president also seeks to undo border family separations and the perpetrator to outline impeachment defense
5 February 2021: USA's president Biden pledges to deliver covid-19 relief with or without Republican support: 5 February 2021: USA's president Biden pledges to deliver covid-19 relief with or without Republican support, as the country records more than 5,000 covid deaths in a single day, and as defense department will send 1,000 troops to support mass vaccination sites, as president also says 'it’s very clear our economy is still in trouble', pointed to this morning’s grim jobs report showing the USA economy added just 49,000 jobs last month, with an unemployment rate at 6.3% down from April high of 14.7%, but with some 17.8 million citizens still claiming unemployment benefits
6 February 2021 president Biden says Trump shouldn’t get intelligence briefings: 6 February 2021: Biden says Trump shouldn’t get intelligence briefings due to ‘erratic behavior’, also saying he sees no value in his predecessor receiving classified information, adding that ‘he might slip and say something’
17 February 2021 USA president Joe Biden has said domestic terrorism is the 'greatest threat' in America: 17 February 2021: USA president Joe Biden has said domestic terrorism is the 'greatest threat' in America and that white supremacists are the 'most dangerous people', and pledged to focus his Justice Department on the rise of white supremacy
27 February 2021 'You can’t act with impunity' USA president says explaining his administration's policy: 27 February 2021: USA president Joe Biden said Friday that Iran should view his decision to authorize USA airstrikes in Syria as a warning that it can expect consequences for its support of militia groups that threaten USA interests or personnel, adding 'You can’t act with impunity. Be careful', answering a question
27 February 2021 House approves $1.9tn covid-19 aid bill: 27 February 2021: House approves $1.9tn covid-19 aid bill, representing Biden's first big legislative win but wage hike proposal to be removed from Senate version
4 March 2021 USA House passes police reform effort: 4 March 2021: The USA House of Representatives passed the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, the most ambitious police reform effort in decades, for the second time on Wednesday, as the sweeping legislation would ban chokeholds and 'qualified immunity' for law enforcement and create national standards for policing in a bid to bolster accountability
11 March 2021 Biden's government goes ahead: 11 March 2021: After Antony Blinken and Lloyd J Austin III announced that their first ventures overseas for the Biden administration would be a joint trip to South Korea and Japan, as new agreement with South Korea on sharing the cost of keeping USA troops on the peninsula is early evidence Biden will cut allies a break to build unity in competition against China and Russia, Joe Biden will address the nation on 'next phase' of fight against covid-19 this evening
18 March 2021 protest to violence against women, Katherine Tai becomes first Asian American to serve as trade representative: 18 March 2021: People hold a banner during a candlelight vigil in Garden Grove to unite against the recent spate of violence targeting Asians and to express grief and outrage after the shooting that left eight people dead in Georgia's Atlanta, including at least six women of Asian descent, while Katherine Tai becomes first Asian American to serve as trade representative for the USA
20 March 2021 Deb Haaland honored her Native American heritage at swearing-in: 20 March 2021: Deb Haaland honored her Native American heritage at swearing-in as interior secretary, now charged with overseeing the department that manages USA’s national parks, wildlife refuges and natural resources like gas, oil and water, as the interior department also works to uphold the USA government’s treaty obligations with Native American tribes, of which there are 574 sovereign tribal nations in the country
30 March 2021 president Biden pushes plan to rebuild USA infrastructure: 30 March 2021: President Biden pushes plan to rebuild USA infrastructure as covid-19 cases rise, also announcing 'trailblazing’ slate of judicial nominees, witness at Chauvin trial says ‘I believed I witnessed a murder’, 'The Guardian' reports live
29 April 2021 Biden’s speech to Congress is 'a once unthinkable call for transformation': 29 April 2021: Biden’s speech to Congress is a once unthinkable call for transformation, 'The Guardian' says
3 May 2021 USA president to tout $4tn infrastructure and welfare plan ahead of G7: 3 May 2021: USA president Biden to tout $4tn infrastructure and welfare plan, 'The Guardian' reports live, as USA secretary of state is to hold talks with his British counterpart, while the UK is on the back foot over plans to set new global targets to help girls’ education at a time when London is drastically cutting aid to the sector, as Antony Blinken’s trip to London for the G7 meeting will include discussions with other foreign and development ministers, nearly two decadea after 9/11
7 May 2021 following disappointing jobs report Biden insists country is ‘moving in the direction’: 7 May 2021 as April jobs report showed the USA economy added just 266,000 jobs last month, president Biden insists country is ‘moving in the direction’ despite poor numbers
19 May 2021 New York attorney general opens criminal investigation into Trump Organization: 19 May 2021: New York attorney general opens criminal investigation into Trump Organization, as state joins Manhattan district attorney in launching ‘active’ inquiry into former president’s company, including his business activities and those of Trump family members
24 May 2021 president condemns antisemitic attacks following Gaza's Hamas-Israel fighting as Antony Blinken will visit Middle East: 24 May 2021: President Biden condemns 'despicable' antisemitic attacks emerging after Gaza's Hamas-Israel fighting, as remarks come days after leading USA Jewish organizations urged him to speak out about a wave of attacks in the USA and abroad - 24 May 2021: President Biden says Blinken will visit Middle East as Gaza ceasefire holds, the 'Guardian' reports live
23 June 2021 Democrats seek way forward after voting rights bill hits Senate roadblock: 23 June 2021: Democrats seek way forward after voting rights bill hits Senate roadblock, despite united Democrats
25 June 2021 Department of Justice sues Georgia over restrictive voting rights law: 25 June 2021: Justice department sues Georgia over restrictive voting rights law, as 'The Guardian' reports live
30 June 2021 Biden and Harris meet governors amid historic western American heatwave: 30 June 2021: Biden and Harris meet western governors amid historic western American heatwave, 'The Guarcian reports live - 30 June 2021: President Biden has joined scientists in blaming the climate crisis for a record-shattering heatwave in the western USA and Canada that has been linked to dozens of deaths, buckled roads, blackouts and wildfires
12 July 2021 president's gun violence discussion with city leaders: 12 July 2021: President Biden will hold a meeting this afternoon with the attorney general, Merrick Garland, and several leaders of major cities to discuss reducing gun crimes
13 August 2021 Pentagon says Taliban advances in Afghanistan ‘deeply concerning’: 13 August 2021: Pentagon says Taliban advances in Afghanistan ‘deeply concerning’, as Taliban seize four more provincial capitals in Afghanistan, and militants' seemingly unstoppable advance continues as they close in on Kabul
16 August 2021 president Joe Biden to speak on Afghanistan this afternoon: 16 August 2021: President Joe Biden to speak on Afghanistan this afternoon, 'The Guardian' reports live - 16 August 2021: USA ‘defeat’ in Afghanistan a chance for 'peace', Iran's Mullah regime's president Ebrahim Raisi says, as 'Al Jazeera' reports from Afganistan, where people and escecially women are endangered
23 August 2021 president Biden faces criticism over pandemic, infrastructure and Afghanistan, amid 6 January report: 23 August 2021: President Biden’s approval rating falls below 50% for first time amid chaos in Kabul, as Joe Biden faces criticism over pandemic, infrastructure and Afghanistan, the British 'Guardian' says reporting live from Washington D.C. also regarding other important developments after Capitol Police has issued the result of its internal investigation into the killing of Trump supporting Ashli Babbitt, who was shot as she tried to enter the chamber of the House of Representatives through a smashed window in a door, during the assault by extremist supporters of then-president Trump on January 6, saying in its report shooting of 6 January protester inside Capitol 'was lawful' - 23 August 2021: After a record-breaking deluge caused flash flooding that swept away houses, shattered lives and left at least 22 people dead and many more missing in Tennessee with its city of Waverly about 60 miles west of Nashville hardest hit, local residents expressed astonishment at the speed of the catastrophe, following a succession of thunderstorms that passed repeatedly over the heart of Tennessee, depositing an astonishing 17in of rain in some parts, smashing records and prompting discussion among meteorologists that the disaster could be attributed at least in part to global and USA's climate crisis
24 August 2021 USA president Biden dispatched the nation's top spy to secretly meet the head of the Taliban: 24 August 2021: USA president Biden dispatched the nation's top spy to secretly meet the head of the Taliban on Monday, in the highest level diplomatic encounter since the militant group took over Afghanistan's capital, the Washington Post reported on Tuesday, citing unnamed officials who said CIA Director William Burns met Taliban Leader Abdul Ghani Baradar in Kabul on Monday as the Biden administration continues efforts to evacuate USA citizens and other allies amid chaos, killed citizens, fears and desperation at the airport in Kabul, as Taliban need people's and esoecially women's fear to re-establish their rotten Islamist regime without own weapons production, allied with Pakistani Islamists, and enforced by USA's weapons and missiles since the 1980s - 20 August 2021: Taliban seize USA weapons in Afghanistan, stockpiling helicopters, guns and trucks, as - after collapse of Afghanistan’s USA supported military - grenade launchers, missiles and aircraft are now wielded by militants
24 August 2021 British 'Guardian' reports Afghanistan live news following Biden's CIA policy: 24 August 2021: CIA director met Taliban leader in Kabul, reports say, amid doubts over evacuation extension and the future of the Asian country, the British 'Guardian' reports in Afghanistan live news
27 August 2021 Biden’s vow to avenge Kabul attack could take years: 27 August 2021: President Biden’s vow to avenge Kabul attack could take years as his options are limited in short-term because USA troops withdraw from Afghanistan in days, as USA's spies and special forces will be able to hunt down those behind Thursday’s suicide bombing in Kabul, although the effort may take years, experts and former CIA officials believe, after Joe Biden vowed to avenge the 13 USA service members who died in a suicide bomb attack at the Kabul airport, declaring to the extremists responsible 'we will hunt you down and make you pay'
27 August 2021 president Biden doesn't want Kabul attackers 'to live on planet Earth any more': 27 August 2021: Biden doesn't want Kabul attackers 'to live on planet Earth any more', according to press secretary Jen Psaki, underlining Joe Biden's comments on Kabul airport attack
29 August 2021 the 'Guardian' reports in Afghanistan live news another blast near Kabul airport: 29 August 2021: The 'Guardian' reports in Afghanistan live news another blast near Kabul airport amid warnings of further attacks, as reports of ‘powerful explosion’ thought to have been rocket attack in Afghan capital
3 September 2021 climate crisis is here’ says Biden in a summer of storms, floods and wildfires: 3 September 2021: The widespread destruction caused by extreme weather coast to coast, with Hurricane Ida spreading devastation from Louisiana to New York while record wildfires scorch California, prompted Joe Biden to level with his country this week, saying it was 'yet another reminder that … the climate crisis is here' - 3 September 2021: President Biden Biden says ‘no question’ Delta variant behind poor August jobs report numbers, the 'Guardian' reports live from the USA
11 September 2021 USA mourns as families and politicians mark 20th anniversary of 9/11 attacks: 11 September 2021: President Jo Biden, vice president Kamala Harris, former president Bush 'urge' unity as USA marks 20 years since 9/11 attacks
17/18 September 2021 USA admits drone strike in Kabul last month killed 10 civilians including seven children: 17 September 2021: A USA drone strike in Afghanistan last month killed 10 civilians – including seven children – and not an Islamic State extremist as first claimed, the Pentagon has admitted, as in a briefing on Friday, the commander of USA Central Command general Kenneth McKenzie said he now 'believes' it was 'unlikely' that those who died were Islamic State militants or posed a direct threat to USA forces at Kabul’s airport - 18 September 2021: Weeks after USA military's McKenzie had said the decision to strike a Kabul car, after having tracked it for about eight hours, was made in an 'earnest belief' based on a standard of 'reasonable certainty', now the USA general admitted that a drone attack in Afghanistan’s capital last month mistakenly killed 10 members of a family, and survivors said USA’s apology was not enough, and Emal Ahmadi, whose three-year-old daughter Malika was killed on 29 August when the USA hellfire missile struck his elder brother’s car, told AP news agency that the family demands USA's government investigate who fired the drone and punish the military personnel responsible for the strike in Kabul
28 Sepember 2021 USA military officials testify on Afghanistan withdrawal warning that Afghanistan today appears headed towards civil war: 28 September 2021: USA military officials testify on Afghanistan withdrawal, as Pentagon chiefs acknowledge failures in USA withdrawal that led to fall of Kabul to the Taliban, as other officials acknowledged a series of failures that led to the chaotic withdrawal of USA troops from Afghanistan, as General Milley told the Senate Armed Services Committee 'it is clear and obvious that the war in Afghanistan did not end on the terms we wanted with the Taliban now in power in Kabul', warning that Afghanistan today appears headed towards civil war
29/30 September 2021 top USA general says Afghan collapse can be traced to Trump-Taliban deal: 29 September 2021: The collapse of the Afghan government and its security forces can be traced to a 2020 agreement between the Taliban and the Trump administration that promised a complete USA troop withdrawal, senior Pentagon officials have told Congress, as general Frank McKenzie, the head of central command, told the House armed services committee that once the USA troop presence was pushed below 2,500 as part of president Biden’s decision in April to complete a total withdrawal by September, the unraveling of the USA-backed Afghan government accelerated
1 October 2021 Biden heads to Capitol Hill to try and break deadlock over infrastructure bill, 'The Guardian' reports live: 1 October 2021: President Biden heads to Capitol Hill to try and break deadlock over infrastructure bill, 'The Guardian' reports live
4 October 2021 Biden says debt limit must be raised - 'The Guardian' reports live: 4 October 2021: Biden says debt limit must be raised because of ‘reckless’ policies under Trump, 'The Guardian' reports live
5 October 2021 ex-employee and whistleblower Frances Haugen says Facebook weakens democracy: 5 October 2021: Ex-employee and whistleblower Frances Haugen says Facebook weakens democracy, according to BBC, as Frances Haugen’s animated remarks were a striking contrast to Mark Zuckerberg’s robotic testimony before Congress, according to 'The Guardian'
5 October 2021 debt ceiling deadline looms as Washington stalemate grinds on: 5 October 2021: Debt ceiling deadline looms as Washington stalemate grinds on, as president Biden heads to Michigan to push $1tn infrastructure and $3.5tn reconciliation bills, 'The Guardian' reports live
6 October 2021 Biden says Republicans playing ‘Russian roulette’ with USA economy over debt ceiling: 6 October 2021: Biden says Republicans playing ‘Russian roulette’ with US economy over debt ceiling, 'The Guardian' reports live
8 October 2021 Biden first USA president to mark 'Indigenous Peoples’ Day': 8 October 2021: Joe Biden is first USA president to formally mark 'Indigenous Peoples’ Day', affirming his administration’s commitment to upholding tribal sovereignty and respecting human rights, as in a proclamation Biden said Indigenous Peoples’ Day would be marked on October 11, the same date Columbus Day is observed
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12 October 2021 House returns to ratify debt deal with Biden agenda still in the balance: 12 October 2021: House returns to ratify debt deal with Biden agenda still in the balance, as concerns growing over slow pace of Congress in passing bills on infrastructure and social and environmental issues, among other priorities, 'The Guardian' reports live, as vice president Kamala Harris said today that Europeans who colonized the USA 'ushered in a wave of devastation for tribal nations, perpetrating violence, stealing land and spreading disease', discussing in remarks at the NCAI the history of colonization in the Americas and its connection to present-day Indigenous communities, saying 'we must not shy away from this shameful past, and we must shed light on it and do everything we can to address the impact of the past on Native communities today', noting several inequalities concerning Native communities such as higher rates of unemployment, poverty, and the epidemic of missing Indigenous women and girls, warning 'today we know that Native women and girls are missing and murdered at alarming rates. This is an epidemic and it must end'
13 October 2021 House approves bill to temporarily avoid risk of ‘catastrophic’ debt default: 13 October 2021: House approves bill to temporarily avoid risk of ‘catastrophic’ debt default, 'The Guardian' reports live
18 October 2021 Biden urged to act as climate agenda hangs by a thread: 18 LOctober 2021: With furious environmental activists at the gates of the White House, and congressional Democrats fretting that a priceless opportunity to tackle catastrophic global heating may be slipping away, Joe Biden is facing mounting pressure over a climate agenda that appears to be hanging by a thread, as Biden’s allies have warned that time is running perilously short, both politically and scientifically, for the USA to enact sweeping measures to slash planet-heating emissions and spur other major countries to do the same
20 October 2021 government outlines plan to vaccinate children once FDA gives approval: 20 October 2021: USA government outlines plan to vaccinate children once FDA gives approval, 'The Guardian' reports live
21 October 2021 outrage over stalled USA voting rights bill: 21 October 2021: Outrage over stalled USA voting rights bill continues, as activists demand 'we need action’ saying voter suppression bills are 'about historic Black voter turnout’, 'The Guardian' reports live
21 October 2021 California, aligning with environmental advocates against the powerful oil industry: 21 October 2021: California proposes ban on new oil and gas drilling near schools, homes and hospitals, as state officials called one of the most aggressive steps in the USA to protect public health and safety from the dangers of drilling
22 October 2021 coming vote on infrastructure and reconciliation bills: 22 October 2021: USA House to vote on infrastructure and reconciliation bills next week, according to majority leader Steny Hoyer, 'The Guardian' reports live
Elections in the USA: Elections in the USA - USA presidential election
Since 1824 list of USA presidential elections 'won' without majority (popular vote): Since 1824 list of USA presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote
Criticism of the USA's Electoral College: Criticism of the USA's Electoral College body that elects the President and Vice every four years - the elections of 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016 produced an Electoral College winner who did not receive at least a plurality of the nationwide popular vote - Lack of representativeness of presidential primary elections and caucuses held in each USA state and territory, forming part of the nominating process of presidential elections, the USA constitution has never specified the process, political parties have developed their own procedures over time, and some states hold only primary elections
Proposed changes to the USA presidential election process and 2005/2009 'Every Vote Counts Amendment' proposals: Proposed changes to the USA presidential election process - 'Every Vote Counts Amendment', joint resolutions and proposals in 2005 in 2009 to amend the USA Constitution, providing for the popular election of the president and vice president under a new electoral system
November 2016 'Change.org petition' signed by millions: 16 November 2016: Change.org petition, now signed by more than 4.3 million people, encourages members of the Electoral College to cast their votes for legitimate presidential winner Hillary Clinton when the college meets on 19 December, argueing that Donald Trump is 'unfit to serve' and that 'Secretary Clinton won the popular vote and should be President'
November 2020 USA presidents without majority and Trump débâcle: 3 November 2020: It is an important fact about the Trump era (and the USA history) that USA's president Trump has never once enjoyed majority support in this country, as he lost the popular vote in 2016, and since then, his approval has never once cracked 50 percent
Financial concealment and disclosures of presidential candidates and Trump: Financial disclosures of presidential candidates - in 2016 Republican presidential nominee D. Trump broke a tradition since 1967, becoming the only major-party candidate since Gerald Ford in 1976 to not make any of his full tax returns public
4 November 2008 USA presidential election: 4 November 2008 USA presidential election
20 January 2009 inauguration of USA president Barack Obama: 20 January 2009 first inauguration of Barack Obama as the 44th President of the USA
24 January 2009: 24 January 2009: New USA president Obama gives the go-ahead for his first military action yesterday, missile strikes against suspected militants in Pakistan which killed at least 18 people - 23 January 2016: Victim of Obama's first drone strike in January 2009 Faheem Qureshi, who was 14 when a USA drone attack on his home left him with horrific injuries, several family members dead and his dreams for the future in tatters, knows about Obama, telling British newspaper 'The Guardian' from Islamabad, 'what he has done to me and the people in Waziristan ... is an act of tyranny,... if there is a list of tyrants in the world, to me, Obama will be put on that list by his drone program'
6 November 2012 USA presidential election: USA elections 2012 - 6 November 2012 USA presidential election - 13 October 2012: Gunshot fired into President Obama's Denver re-election headquarters while campaign workers were inside - 6 November: 50 states across three time zones going to the polls - 7 November: Late Tuesday in Washington several thousand well-wishers celebrate the second four-year term of Barack Obama - 10 novembre: Barack Obama remporte un total de 332 grands électeurs contre 206 pour Mitt Romney - 20 January 2013: Barack Obama sworn in for second term
6 November 2012 USA House of Representatives and Senate elections: USA House of Representatives elections 6 November 2012
United States Senate 33/100 elections 6 November 2012
2013 USA elections: USA elections 2013 - New York City mayoral election 5 November 2013 - 6 novembre 2013: Le démocrate Bill de Blasio vainqueur des élections municipales à New York
4 November 2014 USA House of Representatives and Senate elections: USA elections 2014 - USA House of Representatives elections 4 November 2014 - USA Senate elections 4 November 2014 - 15 November 2014: 2014 House Election Results, losses for Democrats
April 2015: 29 April 2015: Vermont senator Bernie Sanders, known for blasting the concentration of wealth in the USA and assailing a 'billionaire class' that he says has taken over politics, to run for president - Political and economical positions of senator Bernie Sanders in his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for President since 2015
2015: 23 May: First cache of Hilary Clinton's Benghazi emails released - 14 July 2015: Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton condemns comments made by Republican candidate Trump calling immigrants drug dealers, rapists and criminals - 14 August 2015: Republican Jeb Bush refuses to rule out use of torture if he becomes USA president - 3 September 2015: Edward Snowden says Hillary Clinton 'ridiculous' to think emails were secure, after sending classified emails over personal server
February 2016 Iowa Democratic and Republican caucuses: 1 February 2016 Iowa Democratic and Republican caucuses
February 2016 Primary elections in New Hampshire: 9 February 2016 Primary elections in New Hampshire of presidential election 2016 - 2016 New Hampshire Democratic primary
March 2016 'Super Tuesday': 1 March 2016 'Super Tuesday' in the 2016 USA presidential election - 2 March 2016: Former Secretary of State Clinton and Trump win seven states - Protests of the Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2016 - 21 March 2016: Republican Donald Trump's foreign policy adviser Phares linked to Lebanese militia accused of involvement in the 1982 Sabra and Shatila massacres of Palestinians
May-October 2016: 25 May 2016: Hopes are turning to Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren to heal the wounds of the Democratic race and help the party build a united front for the general election, as Elizabeth Warren calls Donald Trump a 'money-grubber', a tool of the Wall Street banks and a tax delinquent who rooted for families to get thrown out of their homes in the housing market crash - 2 June 2016: Hillary Clinton denies Donald Trump’s fitness to lead the USA observing that he is too unstable and excitable 'to hold an office that requires knowledge, stability and immense responsibility', adding that she 'will leave it to the psychiatrists to explain his affection for tyrants' - 9 June: Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders looks beyond nomination saying 'the struggle continues' - 21 July 2016: Jill Harth, who sued Trump in 1997 over attempted rape, has spoken for the first time in detail about her personal experience with Trump who this week became the Republican nominee for president - 18 October 2016: As the number of women accusing Donald Trump of sexual assault rose to 10 over the weekend, women rally during a protest against Republican presidential candidate for his 'treatment of women' in New York City
Since 1980s, June 2016: An analysis by USA Today published in June 2016 found that over the previous three decades, Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump and his businesses have been involved in an unprecedented number of 3,500 legal cases in USA federal courts and state court, including allegations of sexual harassment and rape, contract disputes, defamation claims, more than 100 tax disputes, and on at least three dozen occasions the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance has obtained tax liens against Trump properties for nonpayment of taxes
Since 22 July 2016 DNC email leak: 22 July 2016 Democratic National Committee email leak - 25 July 2016: Chair of the Democratic National Committee Debbie Wasserman Schultz forced to step aside after a leak of internal DNC emails showed officials actively favouring Hillary Clinton during the presidential primary and plotting against Clinton’s rival Bernie Sanders - 25 July: The Democratic Party's Hillary Clinton campaign blames Russia for the July 2016 Democratic National Committee email hack instead of blaming the Russian, Iranian and Syrian regime for its war crimes in Syria, hiding Russia's and the USA's complicity in various fields killing humans, humanity and democracy - 26 July 2016: In a stormy opening night of the Democratic convention Bernie Sanders supporters resist attempts to persuade them to embrace Hillary Clinton, as the USA way of democracy in disgusting 2016 leads to nothing else than the choice between the two evils of an incalculable white supremacist and cheating
November 2016: 6 November 2016: Poll shows Hillary Clinton rebound to 5-point lead, as campaigns race to finish and as Trump rushed off stage by Secret Service agents after they perceived the word 'Gun!', but Austyn Crites reports that people began booing and grabbing after he had pulled out a sign that said 'Republicans Against Trump' - Nationwide opinion polling for the 2016 USA presidential election, as of 6 November 2016, as FBI's Comey admits that 'newly discovered' e-mails don't warrant charges against Hillary Clinton
November 2016 USA presidential election: 8 November 2016 USA presidential election - 9 November 2016: White supremacy makes it to USA's White House , and Trump's election marks the greatest victory and validation for anti-Semitism in the USA since 1941, Haaretz' Samuel G. Freedman and Bradley Burston say, as Israel's Israel's oldest daily newspaper, founded in 1918, is closely watching the following development - International reactions to the 8 November 2016 USA presidential election - 10 November 2016: Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton led by more than 2,800,000 votes with 48.1% to Trump’s 46.0%, winning the popular vote but loosing the electoral college, turnout only 54.9%, the fifth time in USA’s history that such a split has occurred and may be a boon to advocates of reform of the two-century-old wartime system - 10 November 2016: USA presidential election win ignites protests across the country and in cities including New York City, Chicago, San Francisco, Oakland, Philadelphia and Seattle, with thousands of demonstrators crowding into streets and surrounding Trump's buildings in some cities, criticizing the racism, sexism and xenophobia that the president-elect has made and is making mainstream - 11 November 2016: Cacophony of lawsuits to follow grabbing-Trump into White House, first a fraud trial over the president-elect’s defunct Trump University, which stands accused of defrauding students, begins in 18 days, and he could appear as a witness before Inauguration Day - 14 November 2016: The appointment of Stephen Bannon and Reince Priebus as top figures in Trump’s White House drew fierce opposition from the Anti-Defamation League and Democrats, who decry the elevation of Bannon accused of harboring anti-Semitic and white supremacist views - 14 November 2016: Former KKK grand wizard David Duke lauds Steve Bannon appointment by Obama's successor
Since November and winter 2016/2017: Since November 2016/2017 Presidential transition to looming and threatening USA's Donald Trump regime - 25 novembre 2016: L'écologiste Jill Stein a annoncé avoir réuni assez d'argent pour demander le recompte des voix de la présidentielle en Pennsylvanie après 'des anomalies statistiques qui soulèvent des inquiétudes' dans trois Etats, et après une démarche similaire pour le Wisconsin - 30 November 2016: Levi Guerra, 19, from Washington state the seventh person to indicate that she will break ranks with party affiliation to prevent Trump being formally enshrined as president-elect when the electoral college meets on 19 December - 7 December 2016: Obama is facing growing pressure from congressional Democrats in both houses, several of whom have access to classified intelligence, demanding further disclosures regarding Russia’s role in the 2016 USA elections, implying that the Obama administration and the intelligence agencies know significantly more about Russian involvement in the election than they have disclosed - 10 December 2016: USA intelligence agencies reportedly concluded that Russia interfered in last month’s presidential election to boost Donald Trump’s bid for the White House - 19 December 2016: Electoral college revolt draws attention to an arcane electoral system, after H. Clinton won the direct popular vote in November with a margin of nearly 3 million votes
20 January 2017: 20 January 2017 Inauguration of Donald Trump protests, a large number of protests against Donald Trump, both in the USA and abroad, occurred in connection with the inauguration of Donald Trump as the USA's 45th president - 20 janvier 2017: Affrontements et heurts entre les partisans de Trump et ses opposants à Washington - 20 January 2017: Thousands of protesters from numerous groups descended on Washington DC for mostly peaceful protest throughout inauguration day, in a sign of the dissent and discord Trump’s divisive presidential campaign produced, more than 200 protesters were arrested as police used pepper spray and stun grenades to suppress a series of small, violent confrontations
March 2017: 18 March 2017: Most USA young adults see Donald Trump presidency as illegitimate, according to a GenForward poll, also showing 62% disapproval of Trump performance
November 2017 gubernatorial elections in Virginia and New Jersey: 7 November 2017 USA gubernatorial elections in Virginia and New Jersey - 8 November 2017: Voters in Virginia and New Jersey gave Democratic gubernatorial candidates Ralph Northam and Phil Murphy large victories and sent a clear message of rebuke to Republican Trump - 8 November 2017: USA politician who mocked January’s Women’s March defeated by woman he inspired to run in New Jersey
December 2017 USA Senate special election in Alabama: 12 December 2017 USA Senate special election in Alabama - 13 December 2017: Democrats defeat Republicans in Alabama election, as Doug Jones becomes first Democrat to win any statewide office in Alabama in decades after Moore’s campaign for Senate marred by sexual assault claims - 13 December 2017: Doug Jones’s victory over Roy Moore in Alabama, which handed Democrats a rare win in the Republican South on Tuesday night, threatens to imperil Trump’s legislative agenda and raises the prospect that the 2018 midterm elections could shift the balance of power in Congress
2018 USA elections: 2018 USA elections will mostly on 6 November, all 435 seats in the House of Representatives and 35 of the 100 seats in the Senate will be contested, 39 state and territorial governorships and numerous other state and local elections will also be contested
March 2018: 14 March 2018: Democrats declare victory in setback for Trump in special election race for Pennsylvania’s 18th congressional district
July 2018: 31 July 2018: Trump's 2020 campaign accepted contributions from neo-Nazis and white supremacists, as reviewed campaign filings show outspoken white nationalists donated to Trump’s campaign, including two neo-Nazis and a participant in the violent 2017 Charlottesville rally
August 2018: 4 August 2018: A review of documents has shown White House claims to have unearthed 'substantial evidence' of voter fraud were false, according to a junior member of Donald Trump’s short-lived commission on election integrity
August 2018: 8 August 2018: Gains for women in USA primaries set record
August 2018: 16 August 2018: Omarosa Manigault Newman, the former White House aide, releases new tape of Trump campaign's 'hush money' offer
September 2018: 23 September 2018: Conservative groups such as Pilf publish voters’ details online in what experts say amounts to 'insidious modern-day intimidation'
October 2018: 31 October 2018: USA voters are poised to elect two Muslim women, Somali refugee Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib, born in Detroit to Palestinian immigrant parents, to Congress in the midterm election next week, marking a historic first even as anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant rhetoric has been on the rise
November 2018 USA House of Representatives and Senate elections: 6 November 2018 USA House of Representatives elections by state - 6 November 2018 USA Senate elections by state - 7 November 2018: With an outpouring of voter enthusiasm, a surge of fresh new candidates and picking off more than two dozen GOP-held districts in suburbs across the nation, USA's Democrats took back the House, breaking the GOP’s monopoly on power in Washington and setting the stage for a multitude of investigations of president Trump that could engulf his administration over the next two years - 7 November 2018: First Native American (Sharice Davids and Deb Haaland), Muslim (Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib) women and record number of women elected to Congress amid minority wins
November 2018 USA gubernatorial elections: 6 November 2018 USA gubernatorial elections will be held in 36 states and three territories
November 2018: 8 November 2018: Experts warn of 'rise of minority rule' after Democrats’ vote tally beat Republicans’ by more than 12m in Senate races, but electoral system and obvious discrepancy between votes cast and seats won gives an advantage to conservative-leaning states, resembling the omissions of the popular vote in presidential elections, also in 2016 - 12 November 2018: Florida's counties rush to conduct a recount in crucial races for governor and Senate - 13 November 2018: Congresswoman Kyrsten Sinema, a Democrat, wins Arizona Senate, becoming state’s first female senator after a lengthy vote count in one of the most closely watched midterm races
Since 1 February 2019 Senator Cory Booker's presidential campaign: Since 1 February 2019 Senator Cory Booker's 2020 presidential campaign - Political positions of Cory Booker - 27 June 2019: In first debate, Booker the lone Democrat to not call for reentering Iran deal forged in 2015 (!) for ten years, demanding a better deal, as Democrats rail against economy-for-the-rich in first debate of ten presidential candidates
Since 8 February Senator Elizabeth Warren's 2020 presidential campaign: Since 8 February Senator Elizabeth Warren's, known for her critiques of big banks and corporations, campaign for the 2020 USA presidential election - 10 February 2019: Elizabeth Warren made her bid for the presidency official in the working-class city of Lawrence, grounding her 2020 campaign in a populist call to fight economic inequality and build 'an America that works for everyone'
March 2019 Democratic candidates and Iran: 22 March 2019: Senators Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and Kamala Harris among 5 Democratic presidential hopefuls who say they would rejoin Iran deal forged in 2015 (!) for ten years, as Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey says it is too early to say
May/June 2019: 11 May 2019: Elizabeth Warren leads the Democratic 'ideas primary' - 9 June 2019: Elizabeth Warren gains momentum in the 2020 race plan by plan - 26/27 June 2019: Democrats rail against economy-for-the-rich in first debate of ten presidential candidates, as Elizabeth Warren demands far reaching changes
27/28 June 2019: 28 June 2019: Ten more Democratic presidential candidates clashed in Miami over the best approach to remove Donald Trump from office in 2020, in a contentious debate featuring a challenge from senator Kamala Harris over integration that left former vice president Joe Biden rattled, also posing the question of how the next president should push to transform the USA economy, including on issues of healthcare and how much to tax the wealthiest citizens
August 2019 Native American Mark Charles running for USA presidency: 19 August 2019: Mark Charles, the only Native American running for USA presidency as an Independent, among those highlighting importance of Native American rights in USA election campaigning
5 September 2019 climate crisis discussion: 5 September 2019: Democratic 2020 candidates discuss climate crisis, as Elizabeth Warren tells town hall assembly that industry not individuals bear most of the responsibility, especially the fossil fuel industry, for changing energy consumption, urging optimism for building a better America
13 September 2019 democratic candidates against white supremacy: 13 September 2019: Democratic candidates for the party’s presidential nomination in their third debate linked, as they have in previous debates, president Trump’s rhetoric to white supremacist violence
16 September 2019 E. Warren seeks to curb lobbying, corporate power: 16 September 2019: Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren proposed a major rewrite of USA laws governing lobbying that she said was aimed at restricting corporate influence and rooting out 'corruption in Washington'
November 2019 'Everything is on the table’ in E. Warren's Israel policy: 1 November 2019: 'Everything is on the table’, Elizabeth Warren says about her Israel policy, emphasizing 'we must find ways to make tangible progress on the ground toward a two-state solution', as Syria's dictator Assad says Israel behind all anti-government forces in his war against the Syrian people
9 November 2019 Elizabeth Warren hits back at Biden 'angry' criticism: 9 November 2019: Elizabeth Warren hits back at Biden 'angry' criticism, saying 'I am angry and I own it'
20 December 2019 Democrats slam Trump: 20 December 2019: Democrats slam Trump, clash on money and experience in final presidential debate, as Sen. Elizabeth Warren says 'billionaires in wine caves should not pick the next president of the United States', targeting Buttigieg, also criticized by other candidates for his lack of experience
3 January 2020 E. Warren acknowledged the threat posed by Iranian regime's Soleimani, calling him 'a murderer': 3 January 2020: Sen. Elizabeth Warren acknowledged the threat posed by Iranian regime's Soleimani, calling him 'a murderer, responsible for the deaths of thousands, including hundreds of Americans' (meaning USA citizens), as other 'Democrats' condemn Trump instead of Soleimani, repeating mistakes of 1938 and since 2011
November 2019 Kentucky and Virginia elections: 6 November 2019: Democrats have taken full control of the legislature in Virginia for the first time in more than two decades, as in Kentucky the Democratic challenger Andy Beshear declared victory even as the Republican incumbent Matt Bevin refused to concede
21 November 2019 Democratic 2020 candidates saying 'we have a criminal living in the White House': 21 November 2019: Democratic 2020 candidates tore into Trump at the fifth presidential debate in Atlanta, saying 'we have a criminal living in the White House', hours after senior USA diplomat Sondland gave explosive testimony during impeachment hearings that directly implicated the president in a quid pro quo deal with Ukraine
14 January 2020 'America will not see herself in full': 14 January 2020: Patrick, the only African American candidate left in primary, says on absence of black candidates in debate 'America will not see herself in full'
3 February 2020 Iowa Democratic caucuses: 3 February 2020 Iowa Democratic caucuses, the first nominating contest in the Democratic Party primaries for the 2020 presidential election and delay in final results, reported by the British 'Guardian'
12 February 2020 Sanders holds off Buttigieg in New Hampshire: 12 February 2020: Sanders holds off Buttigieg to clinch New Hampshire in tight primary race
20 February 2020 Bloomberg critizised for 'racist policies', 'harassing women' and 'hiding tax returns': 20 February 2020: Bloomberg faced a barrage of attacks at Democratic presidential debate on Wednesday, as his rivals assailed the billionaire over his record on race, history of sexist comments and the use of his massive fortune, as Elisabeth Warren said 'democrats are not going to win if we have a nominee who has a history of hiding his tax returns, of harassing women, and of supporting racist policies'
23 February 2020 Sanders wins big in Nevada: 23 February 2020: Sanders wins big in Nevada, cementing lead among Democrats, as Warren, Biden and Buttigieg look to snag second place and keep hopes alive heading into South Carolina and Super Tuesday contests
29 February 2020 South Carolina Democratic primary: 29 February 2020 South Carolina Democratic primary
3/4 March 2020 'Super Tuesday' and DP's presidential primaries by state: 3 March 2020 'Super Tuesday', as Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia will all hold their presidential primaries on that date - Results of the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries by state - 4 March 2020: Bernie Sanders wins California with more than 400 delegates as Biden wins in other states
6 March 2020 Elizabeth Warren’s departure of the race for presidency: 6 March 2020: Elizabeth Warren’s departure, leaving the Democratic field in the race for presidency with only one female candidate without any chance, shines light on a system that is rife with sexism but rejects candidates who address it, the British 'Guardian' says
6 March 2020 white supremacist unfurls Nazi flag at Bernie Sanders rally: 6 March 2020: Known white supremacist unfurls Nazi flag at Bernie Sanders rally in Phoenix, as Sanders, speaking 'as a Jewish American' and 'as someone whose family was wiped out by Hitler', said 'it is horrific, it is beyond disgusting that in the United States of America people ... show the emblem of Hitler and of Nazism'
8 March 2020 Jesse Jackson backs Sanders for president: 8 March 2020: Jesse Jackson backs Sanders for president, as civil rights icon says independent senator’s campaign offered him responses on 13 issues he raised, including protecting voting rights, increasing funding for historically black colleges and universities and committing to putting African Americans on the Supreme Court
10 March 2020 6 states go to polls: 10 March 2020: Six states go to polls as Sanders hopes to close gap with Biden, reported by the 'Guardian'
25 March 2020 Bernie Sanders won the 'Democrats Abroad' primary: 25 March 2020: Vermont senator Bernie Sanders won the 'Democrats Abroad' primary, garnering 58% of the vote, edging Biden in Israel 236-234, as turnout worldwide was the highest ever up 15% over 2016, and as Sanders insists he is not pulling out of primary after Democrats Abroad win
Since March 2020 impact of covid-19 pandemic on USA politics and primaries: Impact of the 2019–20 Chinese coronavirus pandemic on USA politics and 2020 Democratic presidential primaries, causing delays
7 April 2020 Wisconsin Democratic primary: 7 April 2020 Wisconsin Democratic primary
8 April 2020 Bernie Sanders ends 2020 presidential campaign: 8 April 2020: Bernie Sanders explains ending 2020 presidential campaign
13 June 2020 black candidates and political groups see surge of support amid protests following police killing of George Floyd: 13 June 2020: Kentucky state representative Charles Booker said he’s raised $1m over the past month and he’s also been endorsed by top progressive Democrats, as African American candidates and political groups focused on racial justice have experienced a surge of donations and support amid ongoing national protests about police reform and anti-racism in the USA since the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, that triggered an intense introspection on race relations and police brutality
19 June 2020 presumptive Democratic nominee urged to ‘put a woman of color’ on the running mate ticket: 19 June 2020: Democratic senator from Minnesota Amy Klobuchar has withdrawn from consideration to be Joe Biden’s running mate, urging the presumptive Democratic nominee to ‘put a woman of color’ on the ticket for the 2020 election
8 August 2020 USA sees wave of progressive victories by people of color: 8 August 2020: USA sees wave of progressive victories by people of color in Missouri, Tennessee, Michigan, New York and more, as wins are due to energy from the Black Lives Matter movement, failure of conventional policy and the solid infrastructure of progressive organization
12 August 2020 Harris’ selection as Democrat VP nominee: 12 August 2020: Harris’ selection as Democrat VP nominee seen as triumph for Black women, as California senator could inspire crucial votes from minority communities in battleground states, and as rights activists hope she can bring criminal justice reform
18 August 2020 Kristin Urquiza blames Trump for her father's covid-19 death in DNC speech: 18 August 2020: Kristin Urquiza blames Trump for her father's covid-19 death in DNC speech, condemning Trump’s efforts to downplay the threat posed by the virus, reporting her father, who voted for Trump in 2016, also listened to the president when it came to covid-19
29/30 September 2020 in TV debate Trump dodges condemnation of white supremacists: 30 September 2020: At Tuesday evening’s presidential debate with Democrat Joe Biden, Trump refused to condemn white supremacists, instead insisting that the more serious problem of extremism in the USA is coming from the antifa movement (short for anti-fascist movement)
3 October 2020 USA's ill president victim of his own misleading: 3 October 2020: Knocking him off the campaign trail a month from the USA election president Trump hospitalized Friday and given anti-viral medication following the news he had contracted covid-19, after ridiculing Democrats's Jo Biden over responsibly wearing face mask, amid a great many of presidential misleadings
4 October 2020 Democrat Biden's widest lead in a month in the USA presidential race: 4 October 2020: Democrat Biden opened his widest lead in a month in the USA presidential race after Trump tested positive for covid-19, and a majority of USA citizens think Trump could have avoided infection if he had taken the virus more seriously, according to a Reuters/Ipsos poll - 4 October 2020: Trump’s condition on Friday was far worse than made public, White House admits
5 October 2020 Trump condemned for leaving hospital to visit supporters: 5 October 2020: Trump condemned for covid-19 stunt 'insanity' leaving hospital for surprise drive-by visit of supporters with at least two others in vehicle as USA approaches 7.5m cases
7 October 2020 covid-19 outbreak has gripped White House ahead of vice-presidential debate: 7 October 2020: Covid-19 outbreak grips White House as Democratic vice-presidential nominee Kamala Harris and head of the White House’s pandemic task force, vice-president Mike Pence, set to only televised debate with polls indicating that a majority of USA citizens have lost faith in Trump’s ability to confront and control the virus
8 October 2020 Kamala Harris accused the Trump-Pence White House of presiding over failure in its handling of covid-19: 8 October 2020: Kamala Harris accused the Trump-Pence White House of presiding over the 'greatest failure of any presidential administration in the history of our country' in its handling of covid-19
10 October 2020 2nd Trump-Biden debate canceled after Trump refusal: 10 October 2020: 2nd Trump-Biden debate canceled after USA president refuses virtual format arrangement following his virus diagnosis to protect people
11 October 2020 Trump’s reelection campaign and who is who: 11 October 2020: Infectious disease expert Dr Anthony Fauci has criticised Donald Trump’s reelection campaign for using his words out of context to make it appear as if he was praising the president’s handling of the covid-19 pandemic
18 October 2020 Michigan governor Gretchen Whitmer slams Trump for putting lives in danger: 18 October 2020: Michigan governor Gretchen Whitmer slams Trump for putting lives in danger after pro-Trump rally with 'lock her up' shouts, saying 'this is exactly the rhetoric that has put me, my family, and other government officials' lives in danger' - October 2020 Gretchen Whitmer kidnapping plot by a group of domestic terrorists
19 October 2020 Florida begins in-person voting as Joe Biden holds lead: < href="https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/live/2020/oct/19/donald-trump-joe-biden-coronavirus-covid-19-us-election-live-updates">19 October 2020: Florida begins in-person voting as Joe Biden holds lead, 'The Guardian' reports live
21 October 2020 Trump paid nearly $200,000 in taxes to China and paid more tax there than at home: 21 October 2020: Donald Trump maintains a bank account in China where he pursued licensing deals for years, as tax records reviewed by the New York Times showed a previously unreported bank account in China controlled by Trump International Hotels Management, which paid $188,561 in taxes in China between 2013 and 2015 in connection to potential licensing deals, according the newspaper, and as earlier reporting by the Times showed he paid just $750 in US taxes in 2016 and 2017
21 October 2020 Trump cuts short pre-election interview: 21 October 2020: Trump cuts short pre-election interview as covid-19 stimulus bill moves closer, 'The Guardian' reports
23 October 2020 snap polls give Joe Biden edge over Trump in final TV debate: 23 October 2020: Falsehoods and fumbles in Trump-Biden debate, as Trump’s first line of the night, about covid-19 deaths, was false insisting against obvious reality that the pandemic is drawing to a close - 23 October 2020: Snap polls give Joe Biden edge over Trump in final TV debate, 'The Guardian' reports - 23 October 2020: Man who searched for Biden's home had 'execute' on checklist, federal court says
25 October 2020 Trump continues putting lives in danger: 25 October 2020: USA's Trump assured supporters packed shoulder to shoulder at weekend rallies that 'we’re rounding the turn' on the coronavirus and mocked challenger Joe Biden for raising alarms about the pandemic, despite surging cases around the country and more positive infections at the White House - 25 October 2020: USA sees record covid-19 infections for 2nd day straight, with nearly 89,000 cases and recorded 906 deaths on Saturday, as 35 states are seeing an increase in case numbers 10 days before election, with worst outbreaks in the north and midwest - 25 October 2020: USA reports highest daily caseload of over 94,000 covid-19 cases on Saturday, as deaths brought by the highly contagious disease rose to 224,771
25 October 2020 nearly 60 million USA citizens cast early vote as record-shattering turnout expected: 25 October 2020: Nearly 60 million USA citizens cast early vote as record-shattering turnout expected
26 October 2020 more than half of all USA citizens believe the Republican Party holds a lot or some anti-Semitic views: 26 October 2020: More than two-thirds of USA Jews, and slightly more than half of all USA citizens, believe the Republican Party holds a lot or some anti-Semitic views, according to two surveys published by the American Jewish Committee, as surveys asked Jews and the general public about anti-Semitism in the country, also finding that an overwhelming majority of Jews (88%) consider anti-Semitism a problem, and that most see it as a problem on the right and in the Republican Party, in line with what the AJC found when it surveyed USA Jews last year, saying majority believes that the Republican Party holds anti-Semitic views
29 October 2020 USA covid-19 taskforce warns of 'unrelenting' spread: 29 October 2020: USA government covid-19 taskforce warns of 'unrelenting' spread, as cases rise in 47 states and patients overwhelm hospitals across the country, and as Fauci says USA is going in ‘wrong direction’
29 October 2020 'The Econmist' says Trump has 'desecrated' American values: 29 October 2020: 'The Econmist' has endorsed Joe Biden, saying Trump has 'desecrated' American values
30 October 2020 8.946.691 covid-19 cases and 228.668 deaths in the USA amid intensifying pandemic: 30 October 2020: As the death toll from Hurricane Zeta has reached six in the USA, signs of presidential election record turnout as candidates make final push through swing states, as John Hopkins University reports 8.946.691 covid-19 cases and 228.668 deaths in the USA amid intensifying pandemic
31 October 2020 Trump criticised over false claim doctors profit from covid-19 deaths: 31 October 2020: Trump criticised over false claim doctors profit from covid-19 deaths, as he falsely says 'doctors get more money if someone dies from Covid’, as USA sets world record for daily new infections, and as scientists at Stanford University released a study which said 18 recent Trump rallies produced more than 30,000 confirmed cases of covid-19 and 'likely led to more than 700 deaths'
1 November 2020 Trump retweets clip of supporters trying to run a Biden campaign bus off a highway in central Texas: 1 November 2020: Trump retweets clip of supporters trying to run a Biden campaign bus off a highway in central Texas, as there were several videos taken of the Friday vehicular altercation, including one showing a pick-up truck with 'Trump 2020' flags ramming into another car in order to get closer to the campaign bus, as neither Joe Biden nor running mate Kamala Harris were on the bus at the time, but a Democratic candidate for the USA House was, and as FBI opened an investigation into the incident, the Texas Tribune reported
3 November 2020 USA set new record for daily covid-19 cases over the weekend: 3 November 2020: USA set a world record for new daily covid-19 cases over the weekend as pandemic spread across the midwest and hospitalizations increased, as citizens anxiously ready themselves for an election season climax, in which the incumbent Trump has attacked healthcare providers and adopted covid-19 misinformation in his final arguments for re-election, and as attacked Idaho's Dr Jim Souza responded 'it is just not OK to be calling into question the professional ethics of the very people who are on the frontlines fighting this fire'
3 November 2020 USA presidential election: 3 November 2020 USA presidential election
3 November 2020 USA election day 2020 live updates: 3 November 2020: USA election day 2020, live updates presented by 'The Guardian'
3 November 2020 USA House of Representatives and Senate elections: 3 November 2020 USA House of Representatives elections - 3 November 2020 USA Senate elections
3 November 2020 USA gubernatorial elections: 3 November 2020 USA gubernatorial elections
4 November 2020 news organizations rebuke Trump over unsubstantiated victory claim: 4 November 2020: News organizations rebuke Trump over unsubstantiated victory claim after he falsely said on live television that he had won reelection even as votes were still being counted, also saying with reporters and supporters gathered at the White House that it was 'a major fraud on our nation' that he hadn’t been declared the winner
4 November 2020 Trump falsely claims victory in USA election: 4 November 2020: Trump falsely claims victory in USA election, saying he plans to ask Supreme Court to stop vote count, as Germany’s neo-Nazi linked AfD party congratulates him even though he hasn’t won, as Jewish voters favored Biden over Trump 77-21 and 78% of Jewish respondents back Democrats in congressional races, according to poll - 4 November 2020: Biden campaign willing to fight Trump in court
6 November 2020 Biden edges ahead of Trump in Georgia: 6 November 2020: Biden edges ahead of Trump in Georgia moving to a 1,097-vote advantage with thousands of ballots still left to be counted, also taking lead in Pennsylvania by 5,587 votes as race tightens with Biden on 3,295,319 votes, and Trump on 3,289,725
6/7 November 2020 USA Supreme Court denies immediate halt to counting of late Pennsylvania ballots: 6/7 November 2020: USA Supreme Court denies immediate halt to counting of late Pennsylvania ballots
7 November 2020 Trump's White House chief of staff tests positive after election night party along with hundreds of people without caution: 7 November 2020: USA's Texas state is closing in on its one millionth case of covid-19, as USA has also recorded more than 120,000 new daily infections, and as Trump's White House chief of staff Mark Meadows tests positive after he was present at the election night party without caution in the White House, along with hundreds of people without masks and distance
7 November 2020 'Democracy works' Biden says urging patience with count showing him on brink of win: 7 November 2020: 'Democracy works,' says Biden as he urges patience with count showing him on brink of win as leads in Pennsylvania, Nevada grow, also saying he will act against pandemic on ‘day one’
7 November 2020 Joe Biden beats Donald Trump, is elected 46th president of the USA: 7 November 2020: Joe Biden beats Donald Trump, is elected 46th president of the USA, as CNN, Fox, NY Times all call Pennsylvania for the Democrat challenger, lifting him above 270 electoral college votes
8 November 2020 deadlocked control of the Senate and 5 January 2021 run-off: 8 November 2020: Two parties of Democrats and Republicans are currently deadlocked for control of the Senate, as Georgia races are now heading to a January 5 run-off with Democrats and Republicans
9 November 2020 Biden announces covid-19 taskforce as Trump still denies defeat: 9 November 2020: USA's Biden announces covid-19 taskforce as Trump still denies defeat, urged to cooperate with taskforce
13 November 2020 unsubstantiated claims of widespread election fraud advanced by Trump rejected by experts: 13 November 2020: No evidence of USA election fraud, coalition of federal and state officials says, as 2020 presidential poll was the most secure ever, according to statement from cybersecurity experts, in clearest repudiation yet of Donald Trump’s claims
13 November 2020 Biden finishes with 306 electoral votes as USA media calls Georgia for Democrat: 13 November 2020: Biden finishes with 306 electoral votes as USA media calls Georgia for Democrat
20 November 2020 Joe Biden confirmed as Georgia winner after recount: 20 November 2020: Joe Biden confirmed as Georgia winner after recount, as president-elect wins Georgia’s 16 electoral college votes, the first Democrat to win there since Bill Clinton in 1996
15 December 2020 USA's electoral college gave Joe Biden a majority: 15 December 2020: USA's electoral college gave Joe Biden a majority of its votes Monday, confirming his victory in last month’s election in state-by-state voting that took on added importance this year because of Trump’s loss of reality and refusal to concede he lost, as California’s 55 electoral votes put Biden over the top, clearing the 270-vote mark that affirmed he will be the nation’s next president
18 December 2020 Joe Biden selected Native American Deb Haaland as his nominee for interior secretary: 18 December 2020: USA president-elect Joe Biden selected New Mexico representative Deb Haaland as his nominee for interior secretary, a historic pick that would make her the first Native American to lead the powerful federal agency, that oversees nation’s tribes, public lands, parks, waterways, and that has wielded influence over the nation’s tribes for generations
30 December 2020 Biden picks Kathleen Hicks to be first female deputy defense secretary: 30 décembre 2020: Choisie par le président démocrate pour occuper le poste de ministre adjointe à la Défense, Kathleen Hicks pourrait devenir la première femme dans l’histoire des USA à investir cette position
2 January 2021 Georgia runoffs will help define much of Biden's first term: 2 January 2020: Campaigning continued in Georgia on Saturday in two Senate runoff elections which will define much of Joe Biden’s first term in office, as contests on Tuesday will decide control of the Senate and therefore how far the new president can reach on issues such as the pandemic, healthcare, taxation, energy and the environment
5 January 2021 Georgia voters cast their ballots in pivotal Senate runoff elections: 5 January 2021: Georgia voters cast their ballots in pivotal Senate runoff elections, 'The 'Guardian' reports live
6 January 2021 Jon Ossoff maintains narrow lead as Democrats move closer to Senate control: 6 January 2021: Rev Raphael Warnock defeats Republican senator Kelly Loeffler in Georgia election and Jon Ossoff maintains narrow lead as Democrats move closer to Senate control, 'The Guardian' reports live
5/6 January 2021 USA Senate runoff and special election in Georgia: 5 January 2021 USA Senate election in Georgia (runoff), as Democrat Jon Ossoff received the most votes with 50.4% - 5 January 2021 USA Senate special election in Georgia, as Democrat Raphael Warnock received the most votes with 50.8%
6 January 2021 Trump rally in Washington D.C., rioting and storming of the USA Capitol: 6 January 2021 Trump rally in Washington D.C., rioting and storming of the USA Capitol Building, causing 4 deaths, injuries of at least 14 D.C. police officers, and leading to at least 53 arrests
Since 6 January 2021 efforts to remove Donald Trump: Since 6 January 2021 following the storming of the Capitol multiple members of Congress, state governors, media organisations, trade associations, and anonymous members of Trump's cabinet have called for or speculated about removal of the sitting president
7 January 2021 USA Congress validates Biden victory hours after pro-Trump mob storms Capitol: 7 January 2021: USA Congress validates Biden victory, hours after pro-Trump mob storms Capitol
9 January 2021 USA president-elect Biden says Capitol rioters, 'insurrectionists and anti-Semites’ must be prosecuted: 9 January 2021: USA president-elect Biden calls Trump 'unfit’, saying Capitol rioters, 'insurrectionists and anti-Semites’ must be prosecuted, also saying Trump skipping inauguration a ‘good thing’ and ‘one of the few things he and I have ever agreed on’, adding that he is focused on the start of his own administration on 20 January as his top three priorities are beating back the coronavirus, distributing vaccines fairly and equitably and reviving the struggling economy
20 January 2021 hailing 'a new day in America' Biden being inaugurated in the USA: 20 January 2021: After hailing 'a new day in America' Joe Biden and his running mate sworn in as 46th USA president and as USA’s first female, Black and south Asian vice-president at Capitol, as bomb threat called into nearby Supreme Court building, 'The Times of Israel', the British 'Guardian', and 'africanews' are reporting for the people in the Americas, worldwide and also in Florida, loathing gun, bomb and rocket threats
27 June 2021 Republican Mitt Romney said that Donald Trump has a 'big lie': 27 June 2021: Utah senator and 2012 Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney said that Donald Trump has a 'big lie' that he lost the 2020 USA election because of voter fraud, 'a bit like WWF”, referring to the gaudy and artificial world of professional wrestling, an arena in which Trump starred before entering politics
Social movements and protests in the USA: Protests in the USA
May-June 1968 'The Poor People's Campaign' organized by African-American civil rights organization: May-June 1968 'The Poor People's Campaign' was a 1968 effort to gain economic justice for poor people in the USA, organized by Martin Luther King Jr. and the SCLC and carried out under the leadership of Ralph Abernathy in the wake of King's assassination on 4 April
Since 2002 antiwar protests: Since 2002 Campaign for Peace and Democracy, a New York-based organization that promotes 'a new, progressive and non-militaristic USA foreign policy', in contrast to existing foreign policy characterized as 'based on domination, militarism, fear of popular struggles, enforcement of an inequitable and cruel global economy and ... persistent support for authoritarian regimes'
November 2005 antiwar protests: 24 November 2005: Antiwar protesters including Daniel Ellsberg arrested near Bush ranch in Texas
2011/2012 'Occupy Wall Street' movement: 2011-2012 'Occupy Wall Street' movement
October/November 2011 protests: 1 October 2011: Wall Street protesters promise to continue, protests emerged in other cities - 2 October: Hundreds of 'Occupy Wall Street' protesters arrested - 6 October: Thousands of Wall Street protesters in New York - rallies in other US cities - 6 October: Obama says, Wall Street rally reflects frustration - 7 October: Wall Street protests spread to USA capital - 10 October: More support for 'Occupy Wall Street' from Democrats, Columbia University etc. - 23 October: 130 'Occupy Chicago' protesters arrested in city park protest - 3 November: California protesters shut down Oakland port - 15 November: 'Occupy Wall Street' protest camp cleared by New York police - 15 November: New York court says 'Occupy' activists can re-enter park - 16 November: 'Occupy' protesters return to New York park - 18 November: Arrests made at 'Occupy' protests in USA cities
2012 protests: 18 January 2012: Occupy protesters converge on White House in Washington - 29 January: Occupy protesters clash with Oakland police - 18 March: New York police arrest 'Occupy' protesters on anniversary - 2 mai: Des milliers de manifestants ont protesté mardi aux Etats-Unis contre les inégalités - 21 May: Group says 60 arrested, some hurt in Chicago anti-NATO clashes - 26 July: NYPD 'violated rights' of Occupy protesters - 17 September: More than 100 people have been arrested as protesters marched on the first anniversary of the Occupy movement - 11 October: Hundreds of Walmart workers rallied across dozen cities in the US, protesting against low wages and unjust labour practices - 11 November: Frustrated residents express anger over electricity outages in the New York-New Jersey area caused by the storm Sandy
January/February 2013 protests: 26 January 2013: Thousands of people including residents of Newtown (Connecticut) have rallied in Washington DC calling for stricter gun controls as they marched from the Capitol to the Washington Monument - 18 February 2013: Thousands of protesters rally in Washington calling on President Obama to reject the controversial Keystone XL oil pipeline proposal and honour his inaugural pledge to act on climate change
May 2013: 15 mai 2013: Plus d'une cinquantaine de groupes de médias américains protestent contre la saisie des relevés téléphoniques d'AP par le gouvernement - 26 May: Protesters rallied in USA cities as part of a global protest against seed giant Monsanto and the genetically modified food it produces
June 2013: 11 June: A coalition of Internet and civil liberties groups launched a campaign Tuesday protesting the huge USA online surveillance program revealed in the last days
July 2013: 15 July 2013: The acquittal of Zimmerman in the shooting death of black teenager Trayvon Martin triggered a tide of grief and outrage, with demonstrators taking to the streets in several cities to protest the verdict - 20 July: One week after the acquittal of Zimmerman, people began to gather for nationwide rallies to press for federal civil rights charges against Zimmerman - 21 July: Thousands rally in New York and elsewhere as anger over acquittal in case of shooting of black teenager Trayvon Martin continues
August/September 2013: 25 August 2013: 50 years after the March on Washington where civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. made his 'I have a dream' speech, tens of thousands gathered in the USA capital calling for action on jobs, voting rights and gun violence - 28/29 August: Barack Obama marked the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King's 'I have a dream' speech with a powerful declaration that economic inequality has left the dream unfulfilled for many Americans - 18 September: Occupy Wall Street marks second anniversary with a protest near the New York Stock Exchange and a march near the United Nations
October 2013: 6 October: Thousands of people poured into streets across the USA in a push to overhaul immigration and end the legal limbo of more than 11 million undocumented immigrants - 27 octobre: Plus de 2 000 personnes ont participé à la manifestation 'Stop Watching Us' à Washington
May 2014: 21 May 2014: In response to a mass protest calling for a hike in the minimum wage, the right to form a union and that workers and activists say ended in over 100 arrests, McDonald’s closed part of its corporate headquarters - 29 May 2014: Walmart faces fresh protests over workers' rights and conditions
June 2014: 14 June 2014: Hundreds of people crossed New York's Brooklyn Bridge to call for an end to gun violence in the USA, united by the rallying cry 'Not one more'
August 2014: August 2014 Ferguson unrest after the shooting of unarmed Michael Brown - Timeline of the 2014 Ferguson unrest - 12 August 2014: Missouri police fired wooden bullets at demonstration to protest the killing by a police officer of unarmed black teenager Michael Brown - 14 August 2014: Missouri police fired tear gas and smoke bombs at protesters demonstrating against the death of Michael Brown - 15 August: Officers from the Missouri state highway patrol march with demonstrators in Ferguson after taking over responding to protests against the police killing of Michael Brown from the St Louis county force - 17 August: Missouri governor declares state of emergency and curfew in Ferguson as Reverend Sharpton urges protesters not to aid 'smear campaign' by rioting - 17 August: Missouri governor Jay Nixon points finger at Ferguson police chief for new violence
September/October 2014: 22 September: In New York 310,000 reportedly took part as people rallied worldwide over climate change ahead of the climate-change summit hosted by Ban Ki-moon in New York - 12 October: Thousands march through St Louis to protest police shootings of teens Michael Brown and Vonderrit Myers
November/December 2014: 25 November 2014: Protests spread across the USA over the grand jury decision in Missouri against indicting a white cop who shot dead unarmed black teen Michael Brown - 28 November: Black Friday protests across the USA seek to highlight police violence as well as poor wages - 1/2 December 2014: Students and workers across the USA walk out of classrooms and offices, as nationwide protests and 'Hands Up Walk Out' campaign against the police killing of Michael Brown continue - 3/4 December 2014: Protesters accusing the Staten Island justice system and the NYPD of discriminating against communities of color denounce police killing of Eric Garner and New York's grand jury decision - 5 December 2014: Protesters rallied in New York and cities around the USA in a second night of largely peaceful protest following the decision not to indict a white New York police officer over the death of Eric Garner - 5 December 2014: Leading New York rabbis arrested for protesting death of Eric Garner as many Jews join protests against police brutality - 6 December 2014: Protesters staged a third night of rallies, denouncing use of deadly force by police against minorities, in New York and cities across the country - 6/7 December 2014: New Yorkers in further protests to denounce spate of killings of unarmed black men by white police officers as relatives buried 28-year-old father of one Akai Gurley - 14 December 2014: Thousands march to protest police brutality in New York, Washington and other major USA cities - 24 December 2014: Protesters who have rallied for weeks over excessive police force, rejected New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio's plea to suspend demonstrations after the killing of two officers, and vowed to march in the center of Manhattan on Tuesday evening
January/February 2015: 7 January 2015: As Missouri's Senate session opens, demonstrators chant and unfurl banners in visitors’ gallery to protest fatal Ferguson police shooting of Michael Brown, and unveil plan for change - 8 January 2015: Protesters in Washington, New York and across Americas rally behind 'I am Charlie' following Charlie Hebdo shooting in Paris - 12/13 February 2015: Hundreds gathered in Raleigh for a funeral service for three Muslim students reportedly killed by a neighbor in the North Carolina university town of Chapel Hill following a parking dispute
22 February 2015: The largest USA refinery strike in 35 years entered its fourth week at 15 plants including 12 refineries after talks for a new three-year contract between the USW and lead oil company negotiator Shell Oil Co stopped
March 2015: 7/8 March 2015: Thousands of demonstrators gathered in Selma, Alabama on Sunday to reprise one of the most powerful acts of the civil rights era - 9 March 2015: People protested for a third day in Madison, Wisconsin, on Sunday over the fatal shooting of unarmed black teenager Tony Robinson by a white policeman - 10 March: Demonstrators walked out of school and thronged a protest at Wisconsin's state Capitol after police killing of unarmed black teenager Tony Robinson
April 2015: 16 April 2015: New York protesters, mostly fast-food workers, went on strike and demonstrated demanding a minimum wage of US$15 an hour to escape poverty - 26 April 2015: As nuclear powers meet, global activists present 8 million petitions to the UN disarmament chief demanding a world free of nuclear weapons and New York rally demands that the world's nine nuclear-armed countries do far more toward cutting stockpiles - 29 April 2015: A number of protesters were arrested by New York's police on Tuesday as they called for an end to all nuclear weapons - 30 April: More than 60 people have been arrested in New York City protests over the death of Freddie Gray who died earlier this month of injuries suffered while in custody of Baltimore police - 30 April 2015: Freddie Gray protests sweep USA from Baltimore to New York
May 2015: 1 May: Baltimore curfew for third night amid more protests over death of Freddie Gray in police custody - 1 May 2015: People celebrate in the streets of the Sandtown neighborhood in Baltimore after State’s attorney Marilyn Mosby announced that six police officers are being charged in the death of Freddie Gray - 16 May 2015: Hundreds take to boats in Seattle to protest Arctic drilling sending the message that Royal Dutch Shell should cancel its plan - 24 May: Cleveland protests erupt after police officer found not guilty in the shooting deaths of an unarmed black man and a woman in 2012 - 27 May 2015: Hundreds attend interfaith service at pork-desecrated Holocaust memorial in Boston
June-August 2015: 21 June 2015: Thousands protest against Confederate flag on South Carolina capitol grounds after the murder of nine people in a historic black South Carolina church last week - 22 June: The historic black church in South Carolina's Charleston, where a white gunman murdered nine African Americans, held its first service with hundreds of congregants since the massacre, as visitors attended to show their solidarity - 23 July: Some 10,000 demonstrators in New York urge USA Congress to vote against 2015 Vienna Iran nuclear agreement - 23 July: After more than a year of organized action, fast food workers in New York will see their wages increase up to a $15 minimum wage - 8/9 August 2015: Michael Brown’s father urges the protest movement roused by the death of his son in Ferguson to intensify its efforts to reform the criminal justice system following the first anniversary of the fatal police shooting
November 2015: 18 November 2015: University students hold anti-racism protests across USA - 19 November 2015: Protesters clashed with police in Minneapolis after officials named two Minneapolis policemen involved in the fatal shooting of an unarmed black man - 25 November 2015: Protesters stopped traffic in downtown Chicago in the hours after the video showing black teenager Laquan McDonald being shot dead was made public on judge’s orders
March-June 2016: March 2016 Donald Trump Chicago rally protest - Protests of the Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2016
20 June 2016: Tens of thousands of people took part in a candlelight vigil in downtown Orlando on Sunday to remember victims of the 12 June 2016 massacre, when 29-year-old Omar Mateen ran amok armed with a legally bought assault rifle
July-September 2016: 6 July 2016: Protests in Baton Rouge after Louisiana police shoot Afro American Alton Sterling dead - 8 July 2016: Protesters flee as shots ring out in Dallas anti-violence protest - 9 July 2016: Protesters across the USA denounce police shootings of blacks, as Earl Graham Jr says, everyone should be working to end the nation's unsettled time asking 'When will enough be enough' - 9 July 2016: Police officers in Arizona's Phoenix use pepper spray and tear gas on protesters on Friday night, as almost 1,000 people took to the streets to protest against the recent shootings of black men Alton Sterling in Louisiana and Philando Castile in Minnesota - 10 July 2016: 'Black Lives Matter' supporters and protesters take to the streets across the USA against police treatment of African Americans, following the fatal shootings last week of black men in Louisiana and Minnesota - 10 July 2016: As rallies continued across the USA protesting shootings of African Americans by police hundreds of demonstrators were arrested and protesters complained they were being denied their rights to peaceful assembly saying that 'in cities across America, police are responding to peaceful protests with provocation, violence, and unconstitutional arrests' - 31 August 2016: UN's chairman Alvaro Pop Ac of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues issued a statemen calling on the USA to ensure that it was complying with provisions of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as it deals with the growing opposition to the Dakota pipeline - 1 September 2016: 38 activists were arrested in two states as protests against the $3.8 billion Dakota Access Pipeline continue - 9 September 2016: Following protests from 200 Native American tribes, as well as from activists, blocking construction on federal land and asking the company behind the project to suspend work nearby, the Obama administration steps into a dispute over a planned oil pipeline in North Dakota - 21 September 2016: Protesters have taken to the streets in Charlotte in North Carolina, clashing with police after the fatal police shooting of black Keith Scottt, a father of seven, earlier in the day being mistaken for a wanted man - 22 September: Second night of unrest in Charlotte in North Carolina following the fatal police shooting of Keith Scott, as the governor declares state of emergency and as the USA Justice Department assessing police shooting death, also opening an investigation into the police shooting death of African American Terrence Crutcher in Tulsa in Oklahoma last Friday - 23 September: Protests, police use of tear gas and curfew in Charlotte continue, as the family of police shooting victim Keith Scott says it still has more questions than answers after privately viewing footage of his killing - 28 September 2016: Police killing of unarmed black man in San Diego sparks protest
October 2016: 18 October 2016: As the number of women accusing Donald Trump of sexual assault rose to 10 over the weekend, women rally during a protest against Republican presidential candidate for his 'treatment of women' in New York City
November 2016: 5 November 2016: Several Jewish groups and hundreds of rabbis join Native American protests against oil pipeline that would run near the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North and South Dakota, with some rabbis traveling to the protest in solidarity and as rabbis have been arrested in local demonstrations supporting the protest
Since November 2016 protests against Trump: November 2016 post-election protests against Donald Trump - 10 November 2016: USA presidential election win ignites protests across the country and in cities including New York City, Chicago, San Francisco, Oakland, Philadelphia and Seattle, with thousands of demonstrators crowding into streets and surrounding Trump's buildings in some cities, criticizing the racism, sexism and xenophobia that the president-elect has made and is making mainstream, despite the fact, that presidential candidate Clinton led by more than 2,800,000 votes with 48.1% to Trump’s 46.0%, turnout only 54.9% - 11 November 2016: Tens of thousands across USA march against Trump for second day, chanting 'Not Our President', carrying placards that read 'I did not elect hate for president', announcing ongoing resistance and planning further protests and acts of dissent following a first wave of demonstrations on Wednesday in which dozens were arrested - 12 November 2016: Protesters around the USA rallied and marched Friday as they have done daily since Trump’s presidential election victory without voters' and people's majority, as the demonstrations on college campuses and along downtown streets were mostly peaceful and as people join the protests first since the 1970s and the resistance against USA's Vietnam War - 12/13 November 2016: Demonstrations against the election of Donald Trump continue across the USA in major cities, including New York, Chicago and Los Angeles, as protesters say 'he needs to go', and as one protester in Portland was shot and injured by a gunman later detained together with believed criminal gang associates, according to police - 13 November 2016: Thousands of anti-Trump protesters, including many pro-immigrant groups, hold a demonstration in New York City expressing anger at president-elect’s deportation plans, with more rallies slated across country - 14 November 2016: Protests continue on fifth straight day denouncing Donald Trump as president - 18 November 2016: Jewish protesters march into Washington D.C. building hosting Trump team against Bannon's appointment chanting 'Fire Bannon' and 'Jewish resistance'
Since 21 November 2016: 21 November 2016: Protesters opposing the controversial Dakota Access pipeline reported being hit with teargas, rubber bullets and percussion grenades, 167 people were injured and seven were taken to the hospital, as protesters also report being attacked with rubber bullets and percussion grenades on a bridge just north of the encampments established by indigenous and environmental activists - 26 November 2016: Dakota Access oil pipeline protesters will not follow a government directive to leave the federal land where hundreds have camped for months, organizers said on Saturday - 29 November 2016: Police violence against Standing Rock protesters in North Dakota has risen to extraordinary levels, as a litany of munitions, including water cannons, combined with ambiguous government leadership and misleading police statements, have resulted in serious injuries and mass arrests
December 2016: 5 December 2016: Handing a major win to environmental activists and Native Americans, Army Corps of Engineers will not grant the permit for the Dakota Access pipeline to drill under the Missouri river, admitting 'a need to explore alternate routes' - 7 December 2016: Thousands protest white nationalist Spencer’s speech at Texas university, who tells, protected by police, about 400 supporters that 'at the end of the day, America belongs to white men' - 15 December 2016: Hundreds of human rights activists gather outside the Russian embassy in Washington DC to condemn the Russian aerial campaign in support for Assad and the horrific massacres against civilians in Aleppo, slamming the international community’s silence, also blaming the Obama administration for backing off on the 'red line' Obama drew in Syria, as people continue to hold protests and vigils worldwide
31 December 2016: 31 December 2016: Women’s and men's march planned for 30 cities around the world on 21 January 2017, the day after grabbing Trump’s inauguration as president of the USA, as after a year of seismic shocks - including the controversial transition of power to unscrupulous Trump, who publicly admired and admires Putin amid his proceeding war crimes, and despite H. Clinton received about 2.9 million more votes nationwide - protests and fightback continue
January 2017: 14 January 2017: Near Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial, Washington protesters vowed to fight for civil rights and to defend hard-fought gains, ahead of Trump's inauguration
20 January 2017: 20 January 2017 Inauguration of Donald Trump protests, a large number of protests against Donald Trump, both in the USA and abroad, occurred in connection with the inauguration of Donald Trump as the USA's 45th president - 20 January 2017: Thousands of protesters from numerous groups descended on Washington DC for mostly peaceful protest throughout inauguration day, in a sign of the dissent and discord Trump’s divisive presidential campaign produced, more than 200 protesters were arrested as police used pepper spray and stun grenades to suppress a series of small, violent confrontations
21 January 2017: 21 January 2017 Women's March, a political rally in cities around the world, initially centered around Washington D.C. to promote women's rights and to address racial inequities, workers' issues, and environmental issues, an estimated 2.9 million people attended the 408 marches across the USA making it the single biggest one-day protest in the nation's history, and other marches occurred in 168 countries around the world - 21 January 2017: Native American women singers and drummers lead a women's march of thousands as it arrives at the Seattle Center
22 January 2017: 22 January 2017: From Washington to Nairobi women around the world and millions of protesters march in solidarity against the USA's 45th president Trump - 22 January 2017: Reflecting the Torah portion, joyous rebellion as women march
26 January 2017: 26 janvier 2017: Plus d'un millier de personnes et manifestants de toutes origines se sont rassemblés dans le calme mercredi soir à New York pour dénoncer les mesures anti-immigration du nouveau président Trump
29 January 2017: 29 January 2017: People have descended on USA airports to protest Trump’s executive order suspending refugee arrivals, arresting refugees and migrants and banning travellers
30 January 2017: 30 January 2017: Protests spread over Trump's travel ban on Muslim majority countries, criticized by allies, by USA Democrats and also Republican lawmakers
February 2017: 5 February 2017: Rallies against Trump's executive actions, mainly the travel ban, raged on throughout the USA, supported by several protests overseas in London, Paris, Berlin, Jakarta, Manila, Hong Kong, Sydney and Melbourne in opposition to the USA president's executive orders - 7 February 2017: 18 rabbis arrested during New York protest over Trump travel ban, after religious leaders refused orders to disperse taking part in demonstration in front of Trump Tower in support of refugees, remembering 'that the borders of this country closed to us in 1924 with very catastrophic consequences during the Holocaust' - 10 February 2017: Jewish groups welcomed a federal appeals court ruling upholding a stay on Trump’s ban on the entry of refugees and of travelers from seven Muslim-majority countries - 13 February 2017: Activists gathered at the New England Holocaust Memorial in Boston to protest the Trump administration’s recent executive order banning travel to the USA from seven Muslim-majority countries and with respect to Syrian refugees seeking to escape their war-ravaged country Jewish speakers compared Trump’s recent actions to the treatment of Jewish refugees during the lead-up to the Holocaust, years in which few Jews were permitted entry into the USA - 17 February 2017: 'Day without immigrants' protests close restaurants across the USA as part of a growing movement of strikes against Trump’s immigration policies 'making a statement that this country is sustained by us' - 20 February: Demonstrations were held in cities around the USA this weekend to support Muslim Americans and to protest Trump’s immigration policies - 20 February 2017: People across the USA were taking to the streets on Presidents' Day on Monday by protesting the presidency of Donald Trump, as the demonstrations, called 'Not My President' are mostly dedicated to the call for Trump's impeachment - 25 February 2017: At a rally opposing Trump’s proposed travel ban, outside the UTA headquarters which cancelled its Oscars party to stage the protest, actor Jodie Foster tells protesters it is 'our time to resist', as more actors also addressed the rally - 26 février 2017: Manifestation de soutien à la presse américaine à New-York
March 2017: 3 March 2017: Hundreds turned out for a 'Stand Against Hate' rally in Philadelphia in response to the recent vandalism of a Jewish cemetery and hate crimes around the country, as Pennsylvania governor says anti-Semitic crimes threaten 'every one of us' - 8 March 2017: Women rallied in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Milwaukee, Washington etc., as women across the globe closed schools, occupied farms, descended on parliaments and went on strike in one of the most highly charged and political International Women’s Days in living memory - 8/9 March 2017: Demonstrators protest against latest Trump travel ban, as Hawaii has become the first USA state to make a legal challenge to Donald Trump’s revised travel ban - 10 March 2017: Thousands of Native American demonstrators and their supporters marched to the White House to voice outrage at Trump's support for the Dakota Access and Keystone XL oil pipelines, which threaten tribal lands, water supply and USA's environment, also chanting 'You can’t drink oil, keep it in the soil' - 14-16 March 2017: Opposition rallies against Trump's new travel ban on visitors from majority-Muslim countries, just hours before it came into effect blocked by district court in Hawaii, marking another stinging blow to Trump administration
April 2017: 16 April 2017: Coinciding with the traditional 15 April deadline for annual tax filings, thousands of protesters gathered in cities across the USA to pressure President Donald Trump to release his tax returns, a move of transparency he has refused to make, after USA presidents and candidates for decades have released their tax returns voluntarily
22 April 2017: 22 April 2017 'March for Science' in Washington D.C. and in over 600 other cities across the world - 22 April 2017: Hundreds of thousands of climate researchers, oceanographers, bird watchers and other supporters of science rallied in marches around the world on Saturday, in an attempt to bolster scientists’ increasingly precarious status with politicians
29 avril 2017: Des dizaines de milliers ont défilé du Capitole à la Maison Blanche pour marquer l'importance de la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique et dénoncer les retours en arrière du président Trump
May 2017: 5 May 2017: Protesters gather in New York for Trump’s first visit as president - 21 May 2017: Students and family members walk out of Mike Pence commencement speech at Notre Dame, critizising the policies of the Trump administration
June 2017: 3 juin 2017: Plusieurs milliers de manifestants se sont rassemblés dans plusieurs villes des Etats-Unis pour exiger et connaître la 'vérité' dans l'affaire des ingérences russes présumées dans la campagne présidentielle de Trump de 2016
July 2017: 3 July 2017: In one of several similar gatherings Sunday across California and the nation, thousands of demonstrators hoisting signs and chanting anti-Donald Trump slogans marched through downtown Los Angeles on Sunday to urge Congress to impeach the current USA president - 9 July 2017: Hundreds of counter-protesters shouting 'racists go home' as the white supremacist Ku Klux Klan marched in Charlottesville in Virginia to protest the planned removal of a statue of General Robert E. Lee, who oversaw Confederate forces in the USA Civil War
August 2017: 14 August 2017: Family and friends mourn 3 dead in Virginia white supremacist rally violence, including Heather Heyer, killed when a neo-Nazi's car plowed into a crowd of protesting people, and now remembered as 'American hero', and state troopers killed in helicopter crash - 13 August 2017: Thousands gathered in cities across the USA on Sunday in response to the shocking violence seen at Charlottesville's 'Unite the Right' rally and the terrorist car-ramming attack killig a human rights activist - 15 August 2017: New York protests against Trump after Charlottesville violence - 17 August 2017: Hundreds of people gather at the University of Virginia campus in Charlottesville on Wednesday evening for a candlelit vigil against hate and violence - 20 August 2017: Despite fears to the contrary, a 40,000 person-strong protest including thousands of New England Jews against hidebound activists speaking on the Boston Common ended without violence on Saturday, with the anti-racism demonstrators hugely outnumbering the retrogressive activists - 23 August 2017: Phoenix police uses tear gas to disperse protesters outside of a Donald Trump rally in Phoenix, as Charlottesville votes to shroud Confederate statues as sign of mourning
September 2017: 18 September 2017: St Louis protests for third night over acquittal of a white police officer in police killing of a black man in 2011 turn violent as a handful of demonstrators threw bottles in response to police making arrests and driving a police car through the crowd, according to journalists
December 2017: 1/2 December 2017: Protesters outside the courthouse chanted 'Lock him up!', as Trump's former national security adviser Flynn left, after pleading guilty to lying to FBI about ties with Russia envoy, and as news reports indicate that Jared Kushner and McFarland were the transition officials who directed Flynn to contact Russian officials
January 2018: 2018 Women's Marches are coinciding with Impeachment Marches, also being held worldwide - 19/20 January 2018: Thousands to return to the streets for anniversary of Women's March to fight for women’s rights and progressive causes - 20 January 2018: A year after millions of women and men demonstrated in cities around the globe in an extraordinary rebuke of Donald Trump, tens of thousands turned out in Washington, New York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia and hundreds of other cities across the USA and the world
February 2018: 16 February 2018: Anger rises at a vigil in memory of the 17 people killed during a shooting at high school in Florida, as people chant 'No more guns' - 17 February 2018: In a poignant address to an anti-gun rally in Florida student survivor of the Parkland school shooting Emma Gonzalez called out USA president Trump over his ties to the powerful NRA, assailing him over the multi-million-dollar support his campaign received from the gun lobby and prompting people to chant in turn 'Shame on you!' - 18 February 2018: Thousands of angry students, parents, teachers and neighbors of Florida Parkland high school, in Fort Lauderdale and St. Petersburg demanded that immediate action be taken on gun-control legislation, insisting they would not relent until their demands were met - 19 February 2018: Joined by parents and educators young people ask 'am I next?’ at demonstration in Washington D.C. against administration's inaction in the wake of Florida school shooting attack, as protests spread and students voice anger at Trump
March 2018: 2018 USA increased protests against gun violence after a series of mass shootings in 2018 - 14 March 2018: Students step out of class to spur action on gun control, as protests and demonstrations taking place across the USA in coordinated action
20 March 2018: Protesters block freeway after videos show Sacramento police firing 20 shots at unarmed African-American Stephon Clark - 27 March 2018: Protesters holding signs with messages such as 'Shut it down' converged arm-in-arm outside the Kings' home arena before the game to demonstrate Sunday's fatal shooting of 22-year-old African-American Stephon Clark
24 March 2018 'March for Our Lives' student-led demonstration in Washington D.C. with 845 sibling events throughout the USA and around the world for gun control legislation - 25 March 2018: Hundreds of thousands of students joined the pro-gun control 'March for Our Lives' rallies across the USA in one of the largest expressions of popular opposition in the modern era, carrying signs reading 'We are the change', 'No more silence', 'Keep NRA money out of politics' and 'Vote them out!'
April 2018: 1 April 2018: The family of Stephon Clark joined hundreds of people at a peaceful rally on Saturday to renew calls for police reform nearly two weeks after the 22-year-old, unarmed black man was killed by Sacramento officers
12 April 2018: More than 300,000 people have pledged to attend 'rapid response' protests across the USA, should Trump, president since 2016/2017, fire special counsel Robert Mueller, who is investigating whether there was collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia
20 April 2018: Colorado students held a rally with Parkland survivors on anniversary of 1999 Colombine shooting, urging action on gun control, while nationwide protests are planned at schools
18 June 2018: 18 June 2018: Protesters gather outside a detention facility in south Texas, where hundreds of children wait away from their parents in cages created by metal fencing
Since 30 June 2018 protests against Trump's immigration and family separation policies: Since 30 June 2018 protests against Trump administration family separation policy - 1 July 2018: Hundreds of thousands join nationwide rallies to protest Trump's immigration policies
July 2018: 7 July 2018: Thousands of Chicago protesters took over Chicago Dan Ryan Expressway in protest against gun violence, which killed 600 people in the city last year, calling for stronger gun laws
21 July 2018: As 'Occupy Ice' camps continue to spread across the USA, some activists have warned that they have been subjected to intimidation by armed, Trump-supporting counter-protesters
3 August 2018: 3 August 2018: Demonstrators protest in Chicago against the ongoing violence, corruption and the lack of economic investments in African-American communities on the city's west and south sides
12/13 August 2018: 13 August 2018: Counterprotesters outnumber white supremacists at White House rally on anniversary of neo-Nazi violence, killing Heather Heyer in Charlottesville
September 2018: 27 September 2018: People protest against embattled supreme court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, accused of assaulting women
October 2018 Supreme Court nomination protests: 4/5 October 2018: Thousands of protesters, including survivors of sexual assault, march on Washington against Supreme Court nominee Kavanaugh ahead of the procedural vote scheduled for Friday, as demonstrators chanted, unfurled banners and staged a sit-in at a Senate office building, and as more than 300 protesters have been arrested during their appeal to senators to reject the embattled supreme court nominee, following a limited and whitewashing FBI 'investigation' into Kavanaugh sexual assault allegations designed to exculpate powerful partisans of 'alternative facts' - 7 octobre 2018: A Washington, protestations contre la confirmation de la nomination du juge Kavanaugh à la Cour suprême - 13 octobre 2018: 'Marchons jusqu'aux urnes', des milliers de personnes ont manifesté à Chicago contre la politique 'anti-femmes' du gouvernement Trump, en exhortant les citoyens à voter en masse lors des élections parlementaires début novembre pour renverser la vapeur
October 2018 Khashoggi assassination protests: 20 October 2018: International pressure builds on Saudi Arabia as colleagues of murdered journalist Khashoggi demand punishment for his killers
October 2018 Marriott hotel employees' strike: 26 October 2018: In eight cities across the USA, almost 8,000 Marriott hotel employees are walking picket lines demanding a living wage from the company that made $3.2bn last year, workplace safety, and a seat at the table for technology changes in the latest strike organized among USA’s low-wage workers
October 2018 Pittsburgh protests: 31 October 2018: In Pittsburgh, pro-democracy protesters ask president Trump not to be their neighbor, saying 'President Trump, you are not welcome in Pittsburgh until you fully denounce white nationalism'
November 2018: 2 November 2018: After a day of global protests, employees at Google’s Silicon Valley headquarters added their voices to calls for major change to company policies on gender pay equity and sexual misconduct
9 November 2018: 9 November 2018: Protesters converged in USA cities nationwide to call for the protection of special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into potential coordination between Russia and president Donald Trump’s campaign, as fears grew over the future of the explosive probe after Trump's firing of attorney general Jeff Sessions, replacing him with a loyalist who has questioned Mueller’s investigation
24 December 2018: 24 December 2018: At Tornillo in Texas protesters sing for children held in Trump's tent city, where thousands of children remain detained, as activists and members of the public want to let the children know people were thinking of them during this holiday season
19/20 January 2019 Women's March: 19/20 January 2019 Women's March - 20 January 2019: Women's March leader appeals to Jewish women amid anti-Semitism controversy, as demonstrators gather in 31 cities including Berlin, London, Melbourne and New York to protest violence, violence against women and the gendered impact of austerity - 20 January 2019: Marches held around the world in support of women’s rights, including rallies calling for safety for women after an Israeli exchange student was murdered in Melbourne
2 June 2019: 2 June 2019: Tens of thousands join annual Israel solidarity march along New York’s Fifth Avenue as part of the annual Celebrate Israel Parade, as hundreds of thousands of onlookers lined the parade route on late Sunday afternoon, many waving Israeli flags
4 July 2019: 4 July 2019: Nationwide protests joined by USA Jewish activists against Trump policies amid mounting public outrage at revelations of squalid and overcrowded migrant detention centers, as social media decry the situation as un-American and unacceptable - 4 July 2019: 1,000 Jewish activists block Boston roads in protest against immigrant detention centers, following a similar event Sunday where 36 Jewish activists were arrested during a protest at a New Jersey detention center, saying 'never again is now'
August 2019 protest against El Paso massacre: 5 August 2019: Hundreds of mothers surged to the White House with other protesters Saturday evening to demand stricter gun control laws in the wake of the horrific mass shooting in El Paso in Texas, that killed at least 20 people
14 August 2019 anti-surveillance 'Adversarial Fashion line': 14 August 2019: Anti-surveillance garments were revealed at the DefCon cybersecurity conference in Las Vegas on Saturday by the hacker and fashion designer Kate Rose, who presented the inaugural collection of her Adversarial Fashion line
15 August 2019 detention center protest and police violenc: 15 August 2019: A USA correctional officer drove into a row of hundreds of Jewish protesters demonstrating at the street entrance to an ICE detention center in Rhode Island on Wednesday night, injuring several people, before protesters were then pepper-sprayed, according to people present at the protest, providing a video, and 'Never Again Action' group
September/October 2019 General Motors strike: September/October 2019 General Motors strike affecting 50 plants in the USA, as demands by workers include better pay, better healthcare benefits, and increased job security
17 October 2019 sanitation workers strike: 17 October 2019: Workers for Republic Services, the second-largest sanitation company in the USA, are going on strike amid new union contract negotiations with workers in 10 cities around the country, decrying low pay as company makes millions for Bill Gates, earning over $100m annually in dividends from the shares
January 2020 Women's March: 18 janvier 2020: Quelques milliers de manifestants et manifestantes se sont réunis samedi à Washington pour la quatrième édition de la 'Marche des femmes', ce rendez-vous annuel de protestation contre la politique de Trump et de lutte pour le droit des femmes et des minorités
March 2020 International Women's Day: 8 March 2020 International Women's Day
16/17 May 2020 hundreds demand justice for Arbery at Georgia rally: 17 May 2020: Justice for Ahmaud Arbery, a black man killed during a pursuit by a white man and his son in Georgia, isn't just prison time for his killers, it's changes in a local justice system that never charged them with a crime, rallygoers said Saturday
26/27 May 2020 protesters demand justice after police killing of George Floyd: 27 May 2020: Demanding justice in Minneapolis after police killing of George Floyd protesters clash with police, who deploy teargas and stun grenades, following death of the black man at hands of white officer, despite documented shouting 'I cannot breathe' and 'Don’t kill me!' - Twin Cities protests, an ongoing series of civil disturbances that started in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area and spread nationwide, after unrest began in Minneapolis on 26 May 2020, following the death of George Floyd while being restrained by officers of the Minneapolis Police Department MPD the day before
28 May 2020 protests grow as Floyd's sister says officers should face murder charge: 28 May 2020: The sister of George Floyd killed on 25 May says officers should face murder charge as protests grow
Since 26/29 May 2020 nationwide George Floyd protests: May 2020 George Floyd protests, an ongoing series of protests in the USA that were set off by the May 2020 death of George Floyd, as protests started in Minneapolis on May 26 and had spread nationwide by May 29 - Since 26 May 2020 list of George Floyd protests in the USA and worldwide, beginning in Minneapolis on 26 May 26, a day after African-American George Floyd died during a police arrest
30 May 2020 protests in USA cities over George Floyd’s death continue: 30 May 2020: Protests rock cities across the USA as anger over George Floyd's killing spreads - 30 May 2020: National Guard called into USA cities as protests rage over George Floyd’s death, and one protester killed in Detroit when shots were fired shots into a crowd of protesters
31 May 2020 protests over the death of George Floyd continue: 31 May 2020: Protests over the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis police custody spread around the USA, as his case renewed anger over others involving African Americans, police and race relations, and as largely peaceful demonstrators marched in the streets from Los Angeles to New York, but in Atlanta demonstrators set a police car ablaze and broke windows at CNN’s headquarters
1 June 2020 protests to condemn the killing of George Floyd continue: 1 June 2020: George Floyd protests across USA continue as people around the world march in solidarity to condemn killing of George Floyd
2 June 2020 at least 9 people killed during incidents after George Floyd's death as many of the killed were African Americans: 2 June 2020: At least nine people have been killed during incidents apparently related to unrest following death of George Floyd, as many of the people killed were African Americans, compounding the tragedy for black families to lose more members of their community
3 June 2020 demonstrations against killing of George Floyd across USA largely peaceful: 3 June 2020: Demonstrations across USA largely peaceful as governors and mayors from both parties reject Trump’s threat to send in the military and calls to crush demonstrations
4 June 2020 reports of over 10,000 arrested as protests enter 10th day: 4 June 2020: Reports of over 10,000 arrested as protests enter 10th day, according to 'The Guardian'
6 June 2020 protests over the killing of George Floyd enter their second weekend: 6 June 2020: Protests over the killing of George Floyd enter their second weekend
7 June 2020 hundreds of thousands march against racism: 7 June 2020: Hundreds of thousands march against racism and demonstrate from coast to coast against police brutality and police killing of George Floyd - 7 June 2020: Ohio woman dies after tear gassing at George Floyd protest, as Columbus City police says it will 'look' into circumstances of Sarah Grossman’s death, a young woman among a group of protesters who were tear gassed by riot police, as former employer Stauf’s Coffee Roasters says 'as a peaceful protestor this weekend, [Grossman] stood up to end police brutality and was tear gassed as a result'
9 June 2020 George Floyd killing triggers wave of protests around the world: 9 June 2020: George Floyd killing triggers wave of activism around the world, as protests have spread to UK, France, Israel, Australia, south-east Asia and parts of Africa
11 June 2020 after generations of white supremacists’s racism and violence women and mothers notice change: 11 June 2020: For generations and for years, women and mothers marched demanding for justice amid white supremacists’s rule, enforced inequality and exploitation, racism and violence, different now, they say, is a generation hungry for change
11 June 2020 honouring of white supremacists’s rule attacked: 11 June 2020: Christopher Columbus statues toppled in Virginia and beheaded in Boston - 11 June 2020: Protesters topple statue of Confederate president in Virginia, as monument of Jefferson Davis torn down in Richmond and anti-racism protests continue in the USA
11 June 2020 new tactic against influence of police unions: 11 June 2020: As protests against police brutality continue across the USA, a new tactic is emerging to combat the huge influence of police unions, namely kicking them out of the USA labor movement, as police unions and labor groups, like other unions usually represent their members in debates over pay and working conditions, but are controversial for being dominated by white leaders, often deeply conservative and hostile to criticism of police officers or attempts at police reform
19/20 June 2020 tens of thousands of USA citizens mark the Juneteenth holiday: 19 June 2020: Tens of thousands of people in the USA marked the Juneteenth holiday on Friday, which commemorates the end of slavery, as celebrations took place from from coast to coast, with the day taking on renewed significance as citizens confront the nation’s legacy of police brutality and racial injusticenow combined with homage to George Floyd in Minneapolis, while Atlanta protesters demand justice for Ahmaud Arbery, the unarmed black man shot dead in February while out for a run, by a white father and son, while a third white man helped corner him and videoed the killing, another recent case in USA's history following the Atlantic slave trade, that had an economic foundation in capitalism by Europeans - 20 June 2020: DC protesters pull down, burn statue of Confederate general on Juneteenth, as demonstrators read out disappointed and furious Trump’s tweet about toppling of only Confederate memorial in USA capital, and as activists say Albert Pike was chief founder of post-Civil War KKK
21 June 2020 Juneteenth celebrations in Texas: 21 June 2020: Juneteenth celebrations in Texas as Texans turned out in Galveston, where the event that inspired the holiday took place in 1865, 'The Guardian' reports also presenting pictures
4 July 2020 Seattle protest against police violence and car ramming attack: 5 July 2020: Summer Taylor of Seattle died at Harborview Medical Center, after he and another protester were hit by a car that drove onto a closed freeway on Saturday and struck two people in a crowd protesting against police brutality, and as police report says driver Dawit Kelete of Seattle drove his car around vehicles that were blocking I-5 and sped into the crowd about 1:40 a.m., and as video taken at the scene by protesters showed people shouting 'Car! Car!' before fleeing the roadway
20 July 2020 USA citizens set to strike in protest against systemic racism and economic inequality: 20 July 2020: Tens of thousands of USA citizens set to strike in protest over racial inequality, as strike for Black Lives to take place at noon in each time zone, and as workers expected to take a knee for just short of nine minutes
Since 23 August 2020 Kenosha protests against police shooting of African-American Jacob Blake: Since 23 August 2020 Kenosha protests in the aftermath of the shooting of African-American Jacob Blake, a father of four, a social movement in Wisconsin's Kenosha and elsewhere as part of the larger Black Lives Matter movement and reactions to other high-profile police killings in 2020, as in Kenosha and Wisconsin armed civilian counter-protesters, white-supremacists and criminal racists have also been present
Since 26 August 2020 USA protests against police shooting of Jacob Blake: Since 26 August 2020 protests against police shooting of Jacob Blake in Illinois' Antioch, Atlanta, Los Angeles, Madison, Minneapolis and elsewhere
Since 26 August USA athlete boycotts against police shooting of Jacob Blake: USA athlete boycotts in response to the police shooting of Jacob Blake in Kenosha
28 August 2020 MLB games called off as teams stage protest against racism and as violence against protesters in Wisconsin is escalating: 28 August 2020: MLB games scheduled for Thursday night have been postponed as part of an athlete boycott following the recent shooting of Jacob Blake in Wisconsin - 28 August 2020: Violence against largely peaceful protesters in Wisconsin is escalating, no matter how much officials downplay the terms they use
17 October 2020 women march against Trump and Republicans in major USA cities: 17 October 2020: Thousands of mostly young women in masks rallied on Saturday in Washington DC and other USA cities, exhorting voters to oppose Donald Trump and his fellow Republicans in the 3 November elections
5 November 2020: peaceful 'count the vote’ protests: 5 November 2020: Peaceful ‘count the vote’ protests in New York, as Trump-linked tensions rise in Detroit, Phoenix, and as peaceful 'count the vote’ protests — sometimes about the election, sometimes about racial inequality — took place in at least a half-dozen USA cities, including Los Angeles, Houston, Pittsburgh, Minneapolis and San Diego
7/8 November 2020 jubilant crowds celebrated the election of Joe Biden as the next president: 8 November 2020: Jubilant crowds celebrated the election of Joe Biden as the next president of the USA on Saturday, honking horns, cheering and dancing in the streets across the country, including people gathering in 'Black Lives Matter Plaza' just steps from the White House and the site of large protests against racial injustice earlier this year
26 December 2020 police killing of unarmed Black man in Ohio's Columbus ignites fresh outrage and protests: 26 December 2020: The fatal shooting of an unarmed Black man by police in Ohio's city of Columbus — the USA city’s second such killing this month — sparked a fresh wave of protests against racial injustice and police brutality in the country
February-April 2021 protests against racism and police violence: February-April 2021 Rochester, Manhattan, Minnesota/Minneapolis, Minneapolis–Saint Paul racial justice and Daunte Wright protests
April 2021 protesters gather every day to demand justice for George Floyd: 8 April 2021: Protesters gather every day to demand justice for George Floyd
17 April 2021 protests erupt in USA cities over police violence: 17 April 2021: Protests erupt in USA cities over police violence, including Chicago, where thousands marched in Logan Square after the video of the unarmed 13-year-old Adam Toledo being shot with his arms raised was released this week, and Minnesota, where protests continued their sixth night of protests in Brooklyn Center after 20-year-old Daunte Wright wqs shot, and as nearby Minneapolis also prepared for protests during the Derek Chauvin trial over George Floyd’s death last year
18 April 2021 more protests over police violence as riot declared in Portland: 18 April 2021: Thousands marched in Chicago - and in more USA cities -, where 13-year-old Adam Toledo was killed while about 100 arrested in Brooklyn Center, as Texas bill to carry gun without permit advances to state senate
26 May 2021 thousands of people have marked the first anniversary of George Floyd's death: 26 May 2021: Thousands of people have marked the first anniversary of George Floyd's death with marches and vigils across the USA as large crowds gathered in New York and Los Angeles, while in Minneapolis, the city Floyd died in, he was honoured with a moment's silence, and as mourners also gathered later at Minneapolis's George Floyd Memorial Square for a candlelight vigil
6 October 2021 Kellogg employees strike as contract negotiations fail and amid Kellogg's threats: 6 October 2021: USA Kellogg employees strike at plants in Battle Creek, Michigan, Omaha, Nebraska, Lancaster, Pennsylvania and Memphis, Tennessee, as contract negotiations fail, and as a union representative says Kellogg has threatened to send additional jobs to Mexico if workers do not accept its proposals
11 October 2021 indigenous activists march in Washington to demand action on climate crisis: 11 October 2021: Indigenous activists march in Washington to demand action on climate crisis, 'The Guardian' reports live
Demographics and society in North America and in the USA: Demographics in the USA
Since at least 12,000 years ago Native Americans in the USA: Native Americans in the USA since at least 12,000 years ago - History of Native Americans in the USA - Indigenous peoples of the Americas - Iroquois are a historically powerful and important northeast Native American confederacy, known during the colonial years as the "Iroquois Confederacy" or the "Five or Six Nations" comprising the Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora nations
Native American cultures in the USA: Native American cultures in the USA - Indigenous languages of the Americas - Gender roles among the indigenous peoples of North America - many tribes, such as the Haudenosaunee Five Nations and the Southeast Muskogean tribes, had matrilineal systems, in which property and hereditary leadership were controlled by and passed through the maternal lines - Native American religion
Since 1502 Native American and African relations: Native American and African relations - the earliest record of Native American and African contact occurred in April 1502, when Spanish colonists transported the first Africans to Hispaniola to serve as slaves
16th, 17th century, 18th century European enslavement of Native Americans also in the USA: In the 17th century and 18th century Europeans enslaved Native Americans for the Thirteen Colonies, and some were exported to the 'sugar islands', the British settlers purchased or captured Native Americans to use as forced labor in cultivating tobacco, rice, and indigo
Since 16th century Native American genocide and 2004 'American Indian Genocide Museum' in Houston: 'American Indian Genocide Museum' since 2004 in Houston, Texas, dedicated to documenting the atrocities committed against the American Indians, located in Texas since the state had gone further than any other state, running out all but a few tribes, or otherwise eliminating them - Native American genocide
Since 1601 'Americanization': 'Americanization' of Native Americans since 1601
1610–1924 English, British and USA's wars against indigenous peoples and forced migrations of indigenous peoples in the USA: 1610–1924 'American Indian Wars' against indigenous peoples, elimination of tribes and nations, only 250,000 Native Americans remained in the USA in the 1890s - Forced migrations of Native Americans in the USA - Wars of British, French, Russian and Spanish colonial empires against indigenous peoples of North America
1610–1646 Anglo-Powhatan Wars: 1610–1646 Anglo-Powhatan Wars were three wars fought between English settlers of the Virginia Colony and Native Americans of the Powhatan Confederacy in the early seventeenth century, as complications with natives typically resulted at most of the settlements the English tried to establish from the beginning of their land robbery, after Richard Hakluyt in 1585 proclaimed the new colony's aims to conquer, to trade and to plant Christian religion, after in 1608 starving colonists had begun to strong-arm some supplies of corn from the also starving Natives, and after in 1610 English colonial rulers ravaged Native American settlements, burning their buildings, decimating their crops, and indiscriminately killing men, women, and children
1636-1638 Pequot War of the English colonists: 1636-1638 Pequot War of the English colonists in present-day Southern New England against Native Americans, at the end about seven hundred Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity, hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery, other survivors were dispersed and the colonial rulers classified the tribe as extinct
1675-1678 Colonial war: 1675-1678 Colonial war against Native American Wampanoag people, by the end of the conflict, the Wampanoags and their Narragansett allies were almost completely murdered
1715–1717 Colonial Yemassee War: 1715–1717 Yemassee War was a a war of British settlers of colonial South Carolina against various Native American tribes, including the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others, the causes of the war included land encroachment by Europeans, their trading system, trader abuses, the Indian slave trade, the depletion of deer, increasing Indian debts in contrast to increasing wealth among some colonists, the spread of rice plantation agriculture
1722–1725 New England-Wabanaki War: 1722–1725 New England-Wabanaki War, a series of battles of New England colonial rulers against the Wabanaki Confederacy, specifically the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, and Abenaki, who were allied with New France, as a result of the expansion of New England settlements along the coast of Maine
Since 1775: 1775-1924 USA' wars against the native peoples of North America, as the beginning so-called '1775-1783 American Revolutionary War' was essentially two parallel wars, in the east a struggle against British rule, the war in the west was a new chapter of an centuries-long genocide
1779 George Washington's Sullivan Expedition and ordered scorched-earth policy: 1779 Sullivan Expedition ordered and organized by George Washington and his staff, an extended systematic military campaign during the American Revolutionary War against Native American nations of the Iroquois siding with the British, conducted chiefly in the lands of the Iroquois Confederacy 'taking the war home to the enemy to break their morale', and the expedition was largely successful in that goal as they destroyed more than 40 Iroquois villages and stores of winter crops, breaking the power of the six nations in New York all the way to the Great Lakes, as the terrified Indian families relocated to Canada seeking protection of the British
Since 1781 Federal Indian Policy in the USA: Since 1781 Federal Indian Policy in the USA
1785–1795 USA's Northwest War targeting Native Americans: 1785–1795 USA's Northwest targeting a confederation of numerous Native American tribes, with support from the British, for control of the Northwest Territory, following centuries of conflict over this territory - 1790 Harmar Campaign was an attempt by the USA to subdue Native Americans in the Northwest Territory, after USA's murderous George Washington and Secretary of War Henry Knox ordered General Josiah Harmar to launch a major western offensive into the Shawnee and Miami country
1787: 1787 Constitution of USA protected the slave trade and slavery
1792 Militia Acts: 1792 Militia Acts enacted by the second USA Congress in response to the overwhelming USA losses at St. Clair's Defeat providing for the organization of the state militias and providing for the President to take command of these state militias - As British regulars were not accustomed to frontier warfare, rangers served in the 17th and 18th-century wars of colonists against Native American tribes, employed by colonial governments to patrol between fixed frontier fortifications in reconnaissance, in offensive operations, they were scouts and guides, locating villages and other targets for task forces drawn from the militia or other colonial troops - Militia system in the British colonization of North America
1830 Native American 'removal act': 1830 USA's 'Indian removal act', authorizing the president to 'negotiate' with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their ancestral homelands
19th century Indian removal policy of the USA government and 'Trail of Tears': Indian removal was a policy of the USA government in the 19th century whereby Native Americans were forcibly removed from their ancestral homelands in the eastern USA to lands west of the Mississippi River, thereafter known as Indian Territory - 'Trail of Tears', series of forced relocations of Native American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern USA following the 'Indian Removal Act of 1830', including the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, suffering from exposure, disease, and starvation while en route, and more than ten thousand died before reaching their various destinations in an area named 'Indian Territory' west of the Mississippi River
1930s, since the mid-1940s USA's 'Indian termination policy': 'Indian termination policy' of the USA since the mid-1940s, shaped by a series of laws and policies with the intent of assimilating Native Americans into mainstream USA society, with or without consent tribes must be terminated and begin to live 'as Americans'
Since 1968 American Indian Movement: Since 1968 American Indian Movement, an American Indian advocacy group in the USA, founded in and initially formed to address American Indian sovereignty, treaty issues, spirituality, and leadership, while simultaneously addressing incidents of police harassment and racism against Native Americans forced to move away from reservations and tribal culture by the 1950s-era enforcement of the USA federal government-enforced 'Indian Termination Policies' originally created in the 1930s - Native American rights organizations
1973-1976: A study by the USA General Accounting Office finds that 4 of the 12 Indian Health Service regions sterilized 3,406 American Indian women without their permission between 1973 and 1976. The GAO finds that 36 women under age 21 had been forcibly sterilized during this period despite a court-ordered moratorium on sterilizations of women younger than 21
2012: 12. April 2012: Die amerikanische Regierung zahlt 41 Indianerstämmen eine Entschädigung in der Höhe von gut einer Milliarde Dollar für die Nutzung von Stammesland
2012: 5 May 2012: UN official calls for USA return of native land
2013: 6 February 2013: New veterinary school in Navajo country (state of Arizona) tries to deal with the high rate of school drop-outs in Native American community
2013: 12 April 2013: Hopi Native American masks sold at Paris auction amid protest
2015 Pope's apology for Catholic Church's crimes against American indigenous peoples: 10 July 2015: Visiting Latin America Pope Francis apologises in Bolivia for the sins and crimes of the Catholic Church against the indigenous peoples during the colonial conquest of the Americas since 1492, also saying that a 'new colonialism' is now threatening them, represented in "corporations, loan agencies, certain 'free trade' treaties, and the imposition of measures of 'austerity'"
2016: 31 August 2016: UN's chairman Alvaro Pop Ac of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues issued a statemen calling on the USA to ensure that it was complying with provisions of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as it deals with the growing opposition to the Dakota pipeline - 1 September 2016: 38 activists were arrested in two states as protests against the $3.8 billion Dakota Access Pipeline continue - 9 September 2016: The Obama administration steps into a dispute over a planned oil pipeline in North Dakota following protests from 200 Native American tribes, as well as from activists, blocking construction on federal land and asking the company behind the project 'Bakken pipeline' to suspend work nearby - 1 November 2016: More than 1 million people have checked in on Facebook to the Standing Rock Indian reservation in response to a viral post claiming that doing so would help protect activists in North Dakota protesting against an oil pipeline from police surveillance - 5 November 2016: Several Jewish groups and hundreds of rabbis join Native American protests against oil pipeline that would run near the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North and South Dakota, with some rabbis traveling to the protest in solidarity and as rabbis have been arrested in local demonstrations supporting the protest - 26 November 2016: The USA Army has ordered the closure of the main encampment established by activists opposing the Dakota Access pipeline, according to a letter released by the Standing Rock Sioux tribe
December 2016: 5 December 2016: Native Americans wre the victims of genocide, according to Native American Studies professor Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, the author of 'An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States', explaining that the form of colonialism that the Indigenous peoples of North America have experienced was modern from the beginning, including the expansion of European corporations, backed by government armies, into foreign areas, with subsequent expropriation of lands and resources, and settler's genocidal policy - Colonialism and genocide in the Americas
2017: 2 February 2017: North Dakota police have arrested 76 people at Standing Rock one day after federal officials suggested that the government could soon approve the final stage of construction of the Dakota Access pipeline - 23 février 2017: Les opposants à la construction d'un oléoduc controversé dans les prairies du Dakota du Nord ont finalement quitté le camp installé il y a près d'un an, face à un ultimatum des autorités exigeant son évacuation - 18 March 2017: After protesters marched against the Dakota Access pipeline in Washington last weekend, appeals court for the District of Columbia refuses Native American tribes' request to stop oil flow through Dakota Access pipeline
May 2017: 10 May 2017: Before fully operational the Dakota Access pipeline has suffered its first leak, outraging indigenous groups who have long warned that the project poses a threat to the environment
18 December 2020 Joe Biden selected Native American Deb Haaland as his nominee for interior secretary: 18 December 2020: USA president-elect Joe Biden selected New Mexico representative Deb Haaland as his nominee for interior secretary, a historic pick that would make her the first Native American to lead the powerful federal agency, that oversees nation’s tribes, public lands, parks, waterways, and that has wielded influence over the nation’s tribes for generations, as Haaland is a member of the Laguna Pueblo and, as she likes to say, a 35th-generation resident of New Mexico
Modern social statistics, economy and social status of Native Americans in the USA: Modern social statistics of Native Americans in the USA
Economy and social status of Native Americans in the USA: Economy and social status of Native Americans following 'white supremacy' in the USA - Contemporary barriers to economic development of Native Americans in the USA
326 Indian reservations: 326 Indian reservations, a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the USA Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments in which they are physically located, as not all of the country's 567 recognized tribes have a reservation, some tribes have more than one reservation, while some share reservations - List of Indian reservations in the USA
Location and lands of Native Americans, reservations by state: American Indian reservations by state - Location and lands of Native Americans
Native American politics: Native American politics, remaining divided over different issues such as assimilation, education, healthcare, and economic factors that affect reservations - Seats of government of American Indian reservations
Native American reservation inequality: Native American reservation inequality underlies a range of societal issues that affect the lives of Native American populations residing on reservations in the USA
Reservation poverty: Reservation poverty, as there are 334 reservations in the USA today, and almost a third of American Indians in the USA live on reservations, totaling approximately 700,000 individuals, about half of all American Indians living on reservations are concentrated on the ten largest reservations - Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations
May 2019: 10 May 2019: Native Americans on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota are struggling after a winter hurricane, with no disaster relief from the Trump administration
Native American language revitalization: Native American language revitalization
Violence against Indigenous women in the USA: Violence against Indigenous women in the USA - as the concept of white dominion over indigenous women has been rooted in American history since the beginning of colonization, in the USA native women are more than twice as likely to experience violence than any other demographic and over 85% of assaults are perpetrated by non-Natives due to a variety of causes including the legal inability of tribes to prosecute perpetrators who are not tribal members
2015: 16 December 2015: Native USA women are rape targets because of a legislative loophole
Since 16th century African American: African American - Since 15th century Transatlantic slave trade took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 15th through to the 19th centuries, the vast majority of those enslaved that were transported to the New World were West Africans from the central and western parts of the continent sold by other western Africans to western European slave traders, the numbers were so great that Africans who came by way of the slave trade became the most numerous Old World immigrants in both North and South America before the late 18th century - Triangular trade, historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions, best-known during the transatlantic slave trade, that operated from the late 16th to early 19th centuries, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers - The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade - Slavery in the colonial USA since early 17th century - Slavery in the USA - 1787 Constitution of USA protected the slave trade and slavery - 1863 Emancipation Proclamation by USA President Abraham Lincoln, changing the legal status of more than 3 million slaves in southern areas from 'slave' to 'free' - 1864/1865 Thirteenth Amendment to the USA Constitution abolishing slavery
African-American history in the USA and Civil Rights Movement: African-American history, most African Americans are the descendants of black African slaves forcibly brought to and held captive in the USA from 1555 to 1865 - 2 November 2014: Slave homes at Madison's Montpelier estate to be rebuilt after $10m gift by David Rubenstein, saying we should recognise 'Founding Fathers' participated 'in a system that had terrible flaws' - 'Uncle Tom', an epithet for a person who is slavish and excessively subservient to perceived authority figures, particularly a black or brown person who behaves in a subservient manner to white people, or any person perceived to be complicit in the oppression of their own group
1865-1895 African-American Civil Rights Movement: African-American Civil Rights Movement (1865–95), the post-Civil War reform movements in the USA aimed at eliminating racial discrimination against African Americans, improving educational and employment opportunities, and establishing electoral power
1896 'Plessy v. Ferguson' USA Supreme Court decision: 1896 'Plessy v. Ferguson' USA Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of 'separate but equal'
1896–1954 African-American Civil Rights Movement: African-American Civil Rights Movement (1896–1954), from 1890 to 1908, beginning with Mississippi, southern states in the USA passed new constitutions and laws disenfranchising most blacks and excluding them from the political system, a status that was maintained in many cases into the 1960s
Since 1909 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, since 1909
1910-1970 'Great Migration': 'Great Migration' of African Americans out of the rural Southern States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West between 1910 and 1970
Since 1946 Women's Political Council and Civil Rights Congress: Since 1946 Women's Political Council - 1946 Civil Rights Congress - Southern Christian Leadership Conference
1954 'Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka' USA Supreme Court decision: 1954 'Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka' USA Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional, overturning the 1896 'Plessy v. Ferguson' decision
1954–1968 African-American Civil Rights Movement: African-American Civil Rights Movement 1954–1968 - African Americans in the 1960s
Since 1991 National Action Network: National Action Network, since 1991
2013: 25 August 2013: 50 years after the March on Washington where civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. made his 'I have a dream' speech, tens of thousands gathered in the USA capital calling for action on jobs, voting rights and gun violence - 28/29 August: Barack Obama marked the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King's 'I have a dream' speech with a powerful declaration that economic inequality has left the dream unfulfilled for many Americans
Since 2003 'Black Lives Matter' movement: Black Lives Matter is an American activist grassroots movement that can be traced back to the July 2013 acquittal of George Zimmerman in the Florida shooting death of African-American teen Trayvon Martin
2015: 7 March 2015: Selma solidarity demonstrators march across Brooklyn Bridge - 7 March 2015: President Barack Obama address on civil rights in Selma, Alabama, declaring the work of the Civil Rights Movement advanced but unfinished - 27 June 2015: USA President Barack Obama led thousands of mourners in singing 'Amazing Grace' on Friday at the funeral of a slain pastor in Charleston and urged citizens to eliminate symbols of oppression and racism, including the Confederate battle flag - 8 July 2015: South Carolina senate backs removal of Confederate flag from capitol - 10 July 2015: After Governor Nikki Haley signed bill authorizing removal of Confederate Flag, flag comes down following the massacre in Charleston's Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church - 1 August 2015: NAACP's 860-mile protest march, 'America's Journey for Justice' begins in Selma - 22 August 2015: Guesthouse Inn in Nashville cancels the annual conference planned by far-right group cited in 'Charleston shooter manifesto'
2016: 10 July 2016: 'Black Lives Matter' supporters and protesters take to the streets across the USA against police treatment of African Americans, following the fatal shootings last week of black men in Louisiana and Minnesota - 20 September 2016: Wage gap between white and black USA citizens is worse today than in 1979, as black men’s average hourly wages went from being 22.2% lower in 1979 to 31.0% lower in 2015, and for black women the wage gap went from 6% to 19%
2017: 14 January 2017: Near Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial, Washington protesters vowed to fight for civil rights and to defend hard-fought gains, ahead of Trump's inauguration - 15 January 2017: Also Jewish groups are standing by USA Representative and civil rights icon John Lewis who was attacked in a tweet by Donald Trump, after Lewis said he does not plan to attend Trump's inauguration
April 2018: 5 April 2018: Martin Luther King remembered across USA with events to mark the 50th anniversary of the civil rights leader’s assassination, held to remember his message of equality
1991, 1995 - 20 May 2019 Al Sharpton's admission: 20 May 2019: Appealing for a united front in facing down anti-Semitism, racism and other forms of bias, Al Sharpton admits to formerly using 'cheap’ rhetoric about Jews, as civil rights activist, accused of fueling 1991 deadly Crown Heights riots and of inciting the violent firebombing of a Jewish-owned clothing store in Harlem in 1995, tells conference of Reform Jews he could have 'done more to heal, rather than harm’
April 2020 covid-19 is disproportionately infecting and killing African Americans: 8 April 2020: Covid-19 is disproportionately infecting and killing African Americans across much of the south, a region where black Americans are more likely to live in poverty and suffer from chronic disease, a Guardian analysis of several southern states reveals
Since 26/29 May 2020 nationwide George Floyd protests against racism: May 2020 George Floyd protests, an ongoing series of protests in the USA that were set off by the May 2020 death of George Floyd, as protests started in Minneapolis on May 26 and had spread nationwide by May 29 - Since 26 May 2020 list of George Floyd protests in the USA and worldwide, beginning in Minneapolis on 26 May 26, a day after African-American George Floyd died during a police arrest
12 June 2020 'Black Lives Matter' goes mainstream after Floyd’s death: 12 June 2020: 'Black Lives Matter' goes mainstream after Floyd’s death, as protests sparked by police killing have changed the landscape of black activism and veteran demonstrators are carefully assessing how they should respond, as for much of its seven-year existence, the 'Black Lives Matter' movement has been seen by many citizens and now worldwide as a divisive force
28 July 2020 mourners pay respects to congressman and civil rights icon John Lewis: 28 July 2020: Mourners pay respects to congressman and civil rights icon John Lewis outside Capitol, kept outdoors by covid-19 threat
29 August 2020 Jewish organizations signed letter in support of the 'Black Lives Matter' movement: 29 August 2020: Over 600 Jewish organizations, representing the majority of USA's Jews, signed a published letter in support of the 'Black Lives Matter' movement, saying 'we support the Black-led movement in this country that is calling for accountability and transparency from the government and law enforcement', and 'we know that freedom and safety for any of us depends on the freedom and safety of all of us'
History of immigration, society, demographic history and social class in the USA: Social history of the USA - History of immigration to the USA - Society of the USA - Category: Social class in the USA
Demographics, demographic history and ethnic groups in the USA: Demographics of the USA - Demographic history of the USA - Ethnic groups in the USA - USA people by ethnic or national origin
Native Americans in the USA: Native Americans in the USA - History of Native Americans in the USA - Society and culture of Native Americans in the USA
African American: African American - Slavery in the USA - African-American history
Asian American: Asian American - Asian-American history - Immigration history of Asian Americans - Demographics of Asian Americans - List of USA cities with large South Asian/Indian-American populations
March 2016 calls to exercise the right to vote in 2016: 27 March 2016: Various political action groups are calling on the community to mobilise and head to the 2016 polls as the Asian American population with currently about 18 million Asian Americans in the USA represents 3% of voters in the nation, but is expected to swell to 10% by 2044
20 March 2021 Georgia's Asian Americans vow to stand up against hate: 20 March 2021: Georgia's Asian Americans vow to stand up against hate, after a young white man killed six Asian women and two others using a semi-automatic pistol in the Atlanta metropolitan area on 16 March 2021
European Americans: European Americans - European-American society
Jewish community in the USA: Jewish community in the United States of America - History of the Jews in the United States of America - Israeli American
August 2014 Miami rabbi Joseph Raksin shot dead on his way to synagogue: 10 August 2014: Miami rabbi Joseph Raksin shot dead on his way to synagogue
2014/2015 protests against Hamas and Iranian regime's nuclear armament: 21 July 2014: About 4,000 New Yorkers rally in support of Israel calling for peace and protesting Hamas violence in the Gaza Strip - 21 July 2014: Houston taken by surprise at pro-Palestinian rally as Jewish community readies itself for Friday’s Iranian-sponsored Al Quds Day counter demonstration in support of Israel - 22 July 2014: After Iran' regime refused to relinquish its uranium enrichment capabilities and negotiations were given another four months, AIPAC says that Tehran has yet to indicate a willingness to dismantle any element of its nuclear infrastructure - 23 July 2015: Waving USA flags in one hand and holding up printed posters in the other, several thousands gathered to express opposition to the July 2015 Vienna Iran nuclear deal
2017 Women's March and protests against Trump's policy: 22 January 2017: Reflecting the Torah portion, joyous rebellion as women march, as part of the 21 January 2017 Women's March in cities around the world, initially centered around Washington D.C. to promote women's rights and to address racial inequities, workers' issues, and environmental issues, an estimated 2.9 million people attended the 408 marches across the USA making it the single biggest one-day protest in the nation's history, and other marches occurred in 168 countries around the world - 22 January 2017: Gathering in Washington, young Jewish women say that they were moved to activism by the election and the new president’s rhetoric - 10 February 2017: ADL, American Jewish Committee and HIAS welcome a federal appeals court ruling upholding a stay on Trump’s ban on the entry of refugees and of travelers from seven Muslim-majority countries
October 2018 'Tree of Life Synagogue' in Pittsburgh massacre: 28 October 2018: The deadly shooting at the 'Tree of Life Synagogue' in Pittsburgh committed by a white supremacist and neo-Nazi on Saturday, which took place during a bris ceremony and killed 11 people, has sparked an outpouring of grief and shock in America’s Jewish community, the largest outside Israel - 30 October 2018: After narrowly surviving Bergen-Belsen Nazi death camp in Germany as a 6-year-old Hungarian native, Judah Samet was safe from Pittsburgh synagogue shooting because he was 4 minutes late - 30 October 2018: Robert Bowers, the gunman who allegedly yelled 'I want to kill all the Jews' during his attack on the Tree of Life Congregation in Pittsburgh, was treated by at least three Jewish doctors and nurses for injuries sustained in the shooting
December 2018 Sephardic Jews in the Americas since 16th century remembered: 10 December 2018: At a Hannukah celebration in Queens, New York, newly elected Democratic congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez described how Jews fleeing persecution in Europe arrived in Puerto Rico, telling the audience that she is descended from Sephardic Jews who fled Spain during the Inquisition
29 August 2020 Jewish organizations signed letter in support of the 'Black Lives Matter' movement: 29 August 2020: Over 600 Jewish organizations, representing the majority of USA's Jews, signed a published letter in support of the 'Black Lives Matter' movement, saying 'we support the Black-led movement in this country that is calling for accountability and transparency from the government and law enforcement', and 'we know that freedom and safety for any of us depends on the freedom and safety of all of us'
Hispanic and Latino Americans: Hispanic and Latino Americans - Hispanic and Latino American history - Demographics of Hispanic and Latino Americans - List of USA states by Hispanic and Latino population - List of USA cities with large Hispanic populations - List of USA cities by Spanish-speaking population
August 2019 Hispanic and Latino Americans' fears after El Paso massacre: 6 juillet 2019: Les membres des communautés hispaniques aux Etats-Unis se sentaient menacés après la fusillade meurtrière survenue samedi à El Paso, au Texas, accusant Donald Trump de porter une lourde responsabilité dans la recrudescence des actes violents motivés par la haine
Demographic trend of the Hispanic and Latino population in the USA: 2020-2060 projections of the Hispanic and Latino population in the USA
Mexican Americans: Mexican Americans are USA citizens of full or partial Mexican descent, in July 2015 Mexican Americans made up 11.1% of the USA's population, as 35.8 million USA residents identified as being of full or partial Mexican ancestry and as over 60% of all Mexican Americans reside in the states of California and Texas
Demographic history of the USA and demographic trends: Demographic history of the USA
2013: 13 June 2013: White majority in the USA will be finished by 2043, as for the first time its former minorities now make up about half of the under-5 age group showing how young people are at the forefront of sweeping changes
Immigration to the USA: Immigration to the USA - Illegal immigrant population of the USA
2011-2014: 19 August 2011: USA to review 300.000 immigrant deportation cases - 15 June 2012: USA to give immunity to some young illegal migrants - 19 June: In a shift, biggest wave of migrants to the USA is now Asian - 28 juin 2013: Le Sénat adopte la réforme de l'immigration - 25 October 2013: Barack Obama calls for immigration law by end of the year - 25 July 2014: Obama to use Central American summit to urge Congress to authorise an emergency package of resources to tackle the surge in child migrants arriving at the border
2015: 19 November 2015: How America’s rejection of Jews fleeing Nazi Germany 1933-1945 haunts our refugee policy today
2015/2016: 12 October 2015: USA government deporting Central American migrants to their deaths, a Guardian investigation says - 18 November 2015: More than 30 state governors, almost entirely Republicans, have raised concerns with Syrian refugee resettlement efforts - 4 Januar 2016: Immigration activists accuse the Obama administration of spreading fear and anger after a weekend of raids that saw deportation of 121 people, most of whom fled violence in Central America - 23 January 2016: Nearly half of all Senate Democrats urge Obama administration to put an end to deportation raids on women and children, as advocates express fears that immigration raids could resume this weekend - 29 January 2016: Immigrants detained three weeks ago in ICE raid send letter to Obama pleading for freedom
Since 2017 Trump immigration policy: Immigration policy of Donald Trump
Since January 2017 legal challenges to Trump's 'Executive Order 13769' (travel ban) and protests: Since January 2017 legal challenges to 'Executive Order 13769' issued by Donald Trump, lowering the number of refugees to be admitted into the USA in 2017 to 50,000, suspending the USA Refugee Admissions Program, suspending the entry of Syrian refugees indefinitely, suspending entry of countries Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen - Since January 2017 protests against 'Executive Order 13769', also referred to as the protests against Trump's travel ban - List of protests against 'Executive Order 13769'
February 2017: 6 February 2017: More than 100 USA tech companies and various former top officials ask courts to strike down travel ban as Trump also faces fight over Besty DeVos’s nomination
September 2017: 5 September 2017: White House ends 'Dreamers’ amnesty program for young migrants which protects them from deportation, leaving fate of 800,000 young people in the USA uncertain - 6 September 2017: Chanting 'Education, not deportation' and holding signs that said 'Here to stay', dozens of 'Dreamers' surrounded the attorneys general of New York and Washington at separate announcements of a lawsuit against the Trump administration that was joined by 15 states and Washington DC
January 2018: 24 January 2018: Eight humanitarian volunteers who help migrants survive desert treks have been charged with federal crimes
7 February 2020 immigration agents shot man in face during attempted deportation of another man: 7 February 2020: USA immigration officers in New York shot a man in the face on Thursday as they were attempting to deport another man, who they believed to be in the country illegally
7 October 2021 USA, Latin American countries, must better manage the flow of Afrian migrants: 7 October 2021: The USA, Latin American countries and international groups must better manage the flow of a group of people facing more danger, abuse and racism on an already perilous journey, the USA-based Migration Policy Institute said in its report, titled 'African Migration through the Americas', saying increasing number of African migrants moving through Latin America demands greater attention and humanitarian responses, as these asylum seekers face unique challenges along their routes
Religion in the USA: Religion in the USA - Freedom of religion in the USA is a constitutionally protected right - Historical religious demographics of the USA - Religion in the USA by state
2015 interfaith letter on drone warfare to president Obama and the USA Congress: 1 June 2015: 29 faith leaders from Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim and Sikh traditions have sent an Interfaith Letter on Drone Warfare to President Obama and the USA Congress, saying that it is unacceptable that thousands of innocent people have been killed by USA lethal drone strikes, and that targeted killings by drones lack transparency and accountability - 23 June 2015: After nine African American congregants were shot by white gunman in South Carolina's Charleston, murder sets off chain reaction in faith communities
11 January 2021 'Wake Up, America!', Trump-supporting Evangelical leaders told their flocks Sunday: 11 January 2021: Support for president Donald Trump has been consistently strong among evangelicals, with some professing that he has been the best friend Christians have had in the White House
Native American religions: Native American religions - religious practices of the indigenous peoples vary widely, and are based on the differing histories and beliefs of individual tribes, clans and bands in North America - Mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Americas and North America
Jews and Judaism in the USA and history: Jews and Judaism in the USA
History of the Jews in Colonial America: History of the Jews in Colonial America
History of the Jews in the USA: History of the Jews in the USA - Jews and Judaism in the USA by state - Jews and Judaism in the USA by city
Christianity in the USA: Christianity in the USA - History of Christianity in the USA - Catholic Church in the USA - Protestantism in the USA - History of Protestantism in the USA
2012: 21 April 2012: The leader of a group of USA nuns the Vatican (its 'Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith') accuses of flouting Church teaching rejects the claims - 22 June 2012: High-ranking USA Catholic priest convicted of sex abuse cover-up - 21 July: Dozens of Catholic churches and schools are being shut down across the USA as the church defends itself against accusations of sexual abuse - 24 July: USA monsignor William Lynn sentenced to three to six years in jail for abuse cover-up - 29 July 2012: USA couple denied wedding at the First Baptist Church in Crystal Springs because they were black - 9 October 2012: Protestants no longer majority in USA, while the proportion of Americans who claim no religious affiliation is at an all-time high, the Pew Research Center says
2013: 11 March 2013: As large majorities feel the Pope and USA bishops have done a poor job in dealing with sexual abusers in the clergy, the 38-year-old married Adrian Ramirez in Los Angeles spoke to TV about the sexual abuse that blighted his childhood and affected his adult life - 28 April 2013: USA's Rosemarie Smead ordained as female priest in Kentucky in defiance of Roman Catholic Church
2015: 10 October 2015: At a rally in Washington Rev. Jeremiah Wright delivers a speech in which he calls Israel an 'apartheid state' and declares that 'Jesus was a Palestinian'
August 2018: 14 August 2018: More than 300 'predator priests' were found to have committed sexual abuse in Pennsylvania, harming more than 1,000 children, according to a grand jury report released by the state supreme court
Islam in the USA: Islam in the USA - Islam in the USA by state - Islamic organizations based in the USA
2015: 8 December 2015: Muslims in the USA are pleading with Donald Trump to stop encouraging violence in demanding a complete halt to Muslim immigration after New York shopkeeper Sarker Haque was beaten in a possible hate crime
2016: 11 November 2016: Muslim students in the USA report attacks by Trump supporters, after grabbing-Trump was declared soon-to-be new president winning 47.3% of the vote compared to 47.6% for Hillary Clinton - 14 November 2016: Less than a week after an election that left many minority and religious groups in the USA feeling disenfranchised, two important Jewish and Muslim organizations, the American Jewish Committee and the Islamic Society of North America announce an unusual alliance - 15 November 2016: Anti-Muslim hate crimes up 67%, anti-Semitic hate crimes up 9%, as rise in hate crimes against Muslims and Jews contributed to a 6.8% overall increase in 2015 incidents from the previous year, according to the FBI
States, territories and society of the USA by state: States and territories of the USA - Regions of the USA - List of USA states and territories by population - Society of the USA by state - Society of the USA by region
Rural society in the USA: Rural society in the USA - History of agriculture in the USA - Rural history museums in the USA
Lists of cities in the United States: Lists of cities in the USA - Lists of cities in the USA by state
May 2017: 17 May 2017: USA's geography of wealth, the shrinking urban middle class visualised in a study
June 2017: 24 June 2017: USA cities will lead national policy on climate change after the Trump administration’s withdrawal from the 2015 Paris climate accords, working to reduce emissions and become more resilient to rising sea levels, Mitch Landrieu of New Orleans said at an annual meeting in Florida
Alabama state: Alabama state in the southeastern region of the USA is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the USA states
Native American people in Alabama: Native American people in Alabama - Native American tribes in Alabama
Abihka from mother town of the Muscogee Creek confederacy to ceremonial ground: Abihka members were Upper Creek Native Americans, as their main place of residence was along the banks of the Coosa and Alabama rivers, in what is now Talladega County, as besides the town of Abihka, the Creek had established other important towns in their territory, including Abihkutchi, Tuckabutche, Talladega, Coweta, and Kan-tcati, and as Abihka, originally one of the four mother towns of the Muscogee Creek confederacy first recorded in 1704 by French cartographer, is now a ceremonial ground in Talladega County Okmulgee County in Oklahoma
Alabama people, a Southeastern culture people of Native Americans terminated in the 1950s: Alabama people, a Southeastern culture people of Native Americans, originally from Alabama, as they were members of the Muscogee Creek Confederacy, a loose trade and defense organization of autonomous towns, as the Alabama and closely allied Coushatta people were forced by European powers to migrate from Alabama and Mississippi to the area of Texas in the late 18th and early 19th century under pressure from land grabbing European-American settlers to the east, as they essentially merged and shared reservation land, and as the people after centuries of forcibly expulsion finally was terminated in the 1950s, now achieving federal recognition in 1987 as the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas with 1,137 members having about 4,500 acres (18 km2) of reservation
Since 1763 Chato people vanishing from 'history': Chato were a Native American people of the Southeastern Woodlands, that formerly lived on the coast in Mississippi and Alabama and around Mobile Bay, as the Chato people were first located by European colonialists west of the Apalachicola River, north of the Choctawhatchee Bay and St Joseph’s Bay off of the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in Florida during the mid 17th century, and as last major interaction of the Chato with colonial powers was in the English takeover of the land in 1763 which pushed the Chato and fellow tribes of the region westward, and as afterward the Chato People vanished from history outside of cursory sightings as they were continuously pushed westward along the coast
Chickasaw Native American people: Chickasaw, a Native American people of the Southeastern Woodlands, as their traditional territory was in the Southeastern states of Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee, and as their language is classified as a member of the Muskogean language family, and as in the present day they are organized as the federally recognized Chickasaw Nation
Choctaw Native American people: Choctaw Native American people, originally occupying what is now the Southeastern states Alabama, Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana, as their Choctaw language belongs to the Muskogean language family group, and as in the present day, they are organized as the federally recognized Choctaw Nation, but also smaller bands located in Mississippi, Alabama and Louisiana
Coushatta, a Muskogean-speaking Native American people: Coushatta, a Muskogean-speaking Native American people now living primarily in the states of Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas, after formerly encountered by Europeans living in the territory of present-day Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama, closely allied and intermarried with the Alabama people, also members of the Creek Confederacy, but under pressure from Anglo-American colonial settlement after 1763 and the French defeat in the Seven Years' War, they were forced to move west into Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, as later some of the Coushatta and Alabama people were removed west to 'Indian Territory' (now Oklahoma) during 1830s 'Indian Removal', together with other Muscogee (Creek) peoples, as today, Coushatta people are enrolled in three federally recognized tribes
Hitchiti Native Americans today extinct as a tribe: Hitchiti Native American tribe, that resided hundreds of years prior to the arrival of Europeans chiefly on the east bank of the Chattahoochee River that forms the southern half of the Alabama and Georgia border, with a reputation of being honest and industrious, as Native Americans were later officially removed and forcibly resettled in Oklahoma by 1839, and as Hitchiti became extinct as a tribe
Choctaw 'Indians' since 1978 state-recognized tribe located in southwest Alabama: The MOWA Band of Choctaw 'Indians', a state-recognized tribe located in southwest Alabama, with a population largely based in southern Washington County, after in 1978 the Choctaws of Washington County became recognized under Legislative Acts of the State of Alabama also saying that all laws to the contrary were made null and void
Muscogee Creek Confederacy of Native American peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands: Muscogee, the Muscogee Creek Confederacy, Native American peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands with original homelands in what now southern Tennessee, all of Alabama, western Georgia and part of northern Florida
Pensacola Native American people: Pensacola Native American people, who lived in the western part of what is now the Florida Panhandle and eastern Alabama for centuries before first contact with Europeans, living in the area until 18th century and its ethnic crises and conflicts and thereafter assimilated into other groups
Poarch Band of Creek Indians, the only federally recognized tribe of Native Americans in Alabama: Poarch Band of Creek Indians, the only federally recognized tribe of Native Americans in Alabama, formerly known as the Creek Nation East of the Mississippi and now located mostly in Escambia County, as since the late twentieth century they have operated three gaming casinos and a hotel on their reservation, enabling them to generate revenues for education and welfare
Shawnee Native Americans, an Algonquian-speaking ethnic group indigenous to North America: Shawnee Native Americans, an Algonquian-speaking ethnic group indigenous to North America, as in colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, primarily inhabiting areas of the Ohio Valley, extending from what became Ohio and Kentucky eastward to West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Western Maryland, south to Alabama and South Carolina, and westward to Indiana and Illinois
Tallapoosas Native Americans: Tallapoosas Native Americans, a division of the Upper Creeks in the Muscogee Confederacy, as the Tallapoosa, prior to forced removal to 'Indian Territory' in the 19th century, lived along the Tallapoosa River in Alabama
Tawasa Native American tribe disappeared in the early 1700s due to violence and flee: Tawasa Native American tribe, was located near the Alabama River in Autauga County, as the tribe existed around the late 1600s, early 1700s, however somewhat disappeared in the early 1700s, due to violence and flee
African-American history and African Americans in Alabama: African-American history and African Americans in Alabama
History of slavery in Alabama since British colonial era: History of slavery in Alabama - during the British colonial era, the Indian slavery in Alabama soon became surpassed by industrial-scale plantation slavery, following the patenting of the cotton gin in 1793, the War of 1812 and the defeat and expulsion of the Creek Nation, European-American settlement in Alabama was intensified, as was the presence of slavery on newly established plantations in the territory, and like its neighbors, the Alabama Territory was fertile ground for the surging cotton crop, and soon became one of the major destinations for African-American slaves who were being shipped to the extreme Southeastern USA
Demographics of Alabama: , African-American history, history and demographics of Alabama
History of Alabama: History of Alabama
Economy of Alabama: Economy of Alabama
Politics, government and elections in Alabama: Government of Alabama - Elections in Alabama
November 1874 Election Riot: 3 November 1874 Election Riot near Eufaula in Barbour County, as members of an Alabama chapter of the White League attacked black Republicans, killing at least seven and wounding 70, while driving away more than 1,000 unarmed blacks at the polls
December 2017 USA Senate special election in Alabama: 12 December 2017 USA Senate special election in Alabama
24 May 2020 Alabama on edge as state reopens amid rising covid-19 cases: 24 May 2020: Alabama on edge as state reopens amid rising covid-19 cases, and as Alabama’s politicians and health experts are struggling to make many residents see the continued need for social distancing, crowd limitations and wearing masks
Alabama society: Alabama society - Organizations based in Alabama - Non-profit organizations based in Alabama - Equal Justice Initiative, a non-profit organization in Alabama, that provides legal representation to prisoners who may have been wrongly convicted of crimes, poor prisoners without effective representation, and others who may have been denied a fair trial
Education in Alabama: Education in Alabama
Schools in Alabama: Schools in Alabama - Schools in Alabama by county
Colleges and universities in Alabama: Universities and colleges in Alabama
Museums and memorials in Alabama: Museums in Alabama - Museums in Alabama by county - Museums in Alabama by city - Monuments and memorials in Alabama
African-American museums in Alabama: African-American museums in Alabama - Since April 2018 'The Legacy Museum: From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration', a museum in Montgomery, that displays the history of slavery and racism in America, including the enslavement of African-Americans, racial lynchings, segregation, and racial bias
April 2018 'The National Memorial for Peace and Justice': Since 26 April 2018 'The National Memorial for Peace and Justice' in Montgomery, a national memorial to commemorate the victims of lynching in the USA constructed in order to acknowledge the past of racial terrorism and further the continual search for social justice, founded by the non-profit 'Equal Justice Initiative'
1877-2018: 26 April 2018: USA’s first memorial to lynching victims in Montgomery shows how white Americans used lynchings to terrorize and control black people
Health in Alabama: Health in Alabama
Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Alabama: Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Alabama, as of 20 November the Alabama Department of Public Health reported 191,408 confirmed cases of covid-19 and 3,148 confirmed deaths
Healthcare in Alabama: Healthcare in Alabama - List of hospitals in Alabama
4 December 2020 USA WWII veteran who supported war crimes resisting France recovered from covid-19: 4 December 2020: USA veteran Major Wooten who spent World War II repairing bomb-damaged trains in war crimes resisting France recovered from a fight with covid-19 in time to mark his 104th birthday on Thursday, as family hails miracle recovery of Major Wooten of Alabama
Media in Alabama: Alabama media - Alabama media by location - Foreign-language media in Alabama
Newspapers in Alabama: List of newspapers in Alabama
February 2019 editor change: 24 February 2019: Small-town Alabama newspaper 'Democrat-Reporter' in Linden, that drew condemnation for an editorial which called for the Ku Klux Klan to 'ride again', has named African American Elecia R Dexter as its new editor and publisher
Broadcasting in Alabama: Radio stations in Alabama - TV in Alabama
Politics of Alabama: Politics of Alabama
Elections in Alabama: Elections in Alabama - USA presidential elections in Alabama
Crime in Alabama: Crime in Alabama
History of slavery in Alabama: History of slavery in Alabama
Ku Klux Klan crimes in Alabama: Ku Klux Klan crimes in Alabama
1963: Birmingham riot of 1963 - September 1963 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism, when 4 members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the steps located on the east side of the church, killing 4 girls and injuring 22 people
Law and legal history of Alabama: Alabama law - Legal history of Alabama
Environment of Alabama: Environment of Alabama - Climate, soil, flora and fauna of Alabama
Natural disasters in Alabama: Natural disasters in Alabama
Alaska state: Alaska - occupied for thousands of years by indigenous peoples, considered by European powers since 18th century ripe for exploitation and trade, purchased by the USA from the Russian Empire in 1867, organized as a territory in 1912 and admitted as the 49th state in 1959 - Alaska Natives - Demographics of Alaska - Economy of Alaska - main industries are the petroleum and gas industries, main products include, after oil and natural gas, seafood, primarily salmon, cod, Pollock and crab, agricultural products include nursery stock, dairy products, vegetables, and livestock - Agriculture and fishing in Alaska
Municipality of Anchorage, Fairbanks and Juneau: Municipality of Anchorage with an estimated 300,950 residents in 2013 is Alaska's most populous city and contains more than 40% of the state's total population - Fairbanks - The City and Borough of Juneau is the capital city of Alaska
2015: 3 September 2015: President Obama concludes his Alaska trip by visiting the struggling community of Kotzebue in the Arctic circle, calls its plight a wake-up call on global warming and vows to help Alaska cut its fossil fuel use
Arizona state: Arizona state in the southwestern region of the USA, the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states, with its capital and largest city Phoenix
Since 45,000 to 12,000 BCE Paleo-Indians and Native Americans: Since 45,000 to 12,000 BCE Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleoamericans, were the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period - Native Americans have inhabited what is now Arizona for thousands of years, as Arizona remains a state with one of the largest percentages of Native Americans in the USA, and has the second largest total Native American population of any state, as, in addition, the majority of the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American reservation in the USA and the entire Tohono O'odham Nation, the second largest, are located in Arizona, and as over a quarter of the area of the state since 19th century is reservation land
Timeline and history of Arizona: Timeline of Arizona since ca. 9,000 BC, when native hunter-gatherers called Paleo-Indians arrived in the southwest, including Arizona, known as the Clovis culture - History of Arizona encompasses Native, Spanish, Mexican, and USA periods, as in the first decades of the 19th century Arizona was part of the Mexican state of Sonora but later under the terms of the 'Mexican Cession' the USA took possession of Arizona after war
Demographics of Arizona: Demographics of Arizona
Native American tribes in Arizona: Native American tribes in Arizona
Birth data and languages of Arizona: Birth data and languages of Arizona
Economy of Arizona: Economy of Arizona - Economies by city in Arizona - Companies based in Arizona
Mining in Arizona: Mining in Arizona
Energy in Arizona: Energy in Arizona
Agriculture in Arizona: Agriculture in Arizona
Labor relations in Arizona: Labor relations in Arizona - Labor disputes in Arizona
1917 Bisbee Deportation: July 1917 Bisbee Deportation, the illegal kidnapping and deportation of about 1,300 striking mine workers, their supporters, and citizen bystanders by 2,000 members of a deputized posse, who arrested these people beginning on 12 July, as the action was orchestrated by Phelps Dodge, the major mining company in the area, which provided lists of workers and others who were to be arrested in Bisbee to the Cochise County sherif
1983 Arizona copper mine strike: 1983 Arizona copper mine strike began as a bargaining dispute between the Phelps Dodge Corporation and a group of union copper miners and mill workers, led by the United Steelworkers, as the subsequent strike lasted nearly 3 years, and resulted in replacement of most of the striking workers and decertification of the unions, regarded as an important event in the history of the USA labor movement
2018 Arizona teachers' strike: 2018 successful Arizona teachers' strike was held in April/May 2018 by 20,000 teachers to protest low pay and cuts to school funding
Education in Arizona: Education in Arizona - Education in Arizona by county - Education in Arizona by city
Schools in Arizona: Schools in Arizona - Schools in Arizona by county
Universities and colleges in Arizona: Universities and colleges in Arizona - List of colleges and universities in Arizona - Science and technology in Arizona
Health in Arizona: Health in Arizona
Since January 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Arizona: Since January 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Arizona
Healthcare in Arizona: Healthcare in Arizona - Medical and health organizations based in Arizona
Hospitals in Arizona: Hospitals in Arizona
Metropolitan areas of Arizona: Metropolitan areas of Arizona
Maricopa County: Maricopa County in the south-central part of Arizona with a population of 4,485,414 citizens in 2019, making it the state's most populous county and the fourth-most populous in the USA, containing more than half the population of Arizona
Phoenix metropolitan area: Phoenix metropolitan area
Politics of Arizona: Politics of Arizona - Constitution of Arizona - Political parties in Arizona
Elections in Arizona: Elections in Arizona
7 May 2020 Trump not wearing required mask tours new face-mask factory in Arizona: 7 May 2020: Trump, not wearing a mask, tours new face-mask factory in Arizona making masks for healthcare workers, even though production workers at the facility did and a sign was visible that read 'Attention: Face Mask Required in this Area. Thank You!', while 'Live and Let Die' plays in the background
3 November 2020 Arizona general and USA presidential election: 3 November 2020 general election will be held in Arizona as part of the 2020 USA General Election - 3 November 2020 USA presidential election in Arizona
November 2020 results of USA presidential election in Arizona: November 2020 results of USA presidential election in Arizona, as Democratic candidate wins 1.672.143 or 49,4% of the vote, according to Associated Press
24 November 2020 Trump seeks to transfer Arizona area to mining company with ties to the destruction of Aboriginal site in Australia: 24 November 2020: Trump administration seeks to transfer ownership of Arizona area to a mining company with ties to the destruction of an Aboriginal site in Australia, as the date for the completion of a crucial environmental review process has suddenly been moved forward by a full year to December 2020, the Guardian has learned
Crime in Arizona: Crime in Arizona
Law and legal history of Arizona: Arizona law - Legal history of Arizona
Environment of Arizona: Environment of Arizona - Natural history of Arizona
Forests of Arizona: Forests of Arizona
Water in Arizona: Water in Arizona - Rivers of Arizona
Climate change in Arizona: Climate change in Arizona
Natural disasters in Arizona: Natural disasters in Arizona
Arkansas state: Arkansas state in the south central region of the USA, home to more than three million people in 2018, as its name is from the Osage language, of Siouan derivation and the Quapaw people, and as the state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta
Native American history of Arkansas: Native American history of Arkansas - Dhegihan migration history and separation, the narrative of the long journey on foot by the North American Indians in the ancient Hoga tribe, as during the migration from present-day Illinois/Kentucky and as far as Nebraska, they gradually split up in five groups, each becoming an independent and historic tribe including the Omaha, Ponca, Kaw or Kansa, Osage and Quapaw
History of Arkansas since millennia: History of Arkansas began millennia ago when humans first crossed into North America, as many tribes used Arkansas as their hunting lands, and as the main tribe Quapaw stepped forward, settling in the Arkansas delta upon moving south from Illinois
Quapaw people, Native American tribe since millennia: Quapaw people, a tribe of Native Americans that coalesced in the Midwest and Ohio Valley, as the Dhegiha Siouan-speaking tribe historically migrated from the Ohio Valley area to the west side of the Mississippi River and resettled in what is now the state of Arkansas, as since 18th century USA federal government removed them to 'Indian Territory' in 1834 in present-day Ottawa County in northeastern Oklahoma, and as Spanish, French and British colonial rule caused that the tribe was reduced to a number of 3,240 people in 2011
African-American history of Arkansas: African-American history of Arkansas
Since early 19th century 'Missouri Compromise' consolidating USA's slave states: Following independence from Britain, since early 19th century 'Missouri Compromise' consolidating USA's brutal slavery of African Americans and its expanding slave states 1789-1861, developed in the colonial history of the country since 1526
Since early 19th century federal government's 'Indian removal' policy, war and increasing demand for slave labor: Since early 19th century and 'Missouri Compromise' federal government's 'Indian removal' policy, war and increasing demand for slave labor
1861-1865 Arkansas in the American Civil War and reconstruction: 1861-1865 Arkansas in the American Civil War and reconstruction - January 1863 Battle of Arkansas Post - 1862-1865 Battles in Arkansas
September 1891 cotton pickers strike, a labor action of African-American sharecroppers in Lee County, leading to open conflict between strikers and plantation owners, racially-motivated violence, and both a sheriff's posse and a lynching party
September-October 1919 Elaine massacre: September-October 1919 Elaine massacre at Hoop Spur in the vicinity of Elaine in Arkansas' rural Phillips County - 'Red Summer 1919' during which white supremacist terrorism and racial riots took place in more than three dozen cities across the USA, as well as in one rural county in Arkansas, as the term was coined by NAACP civil rights activists, organizing peaceful protests against racial violence
1957 'Little Rock Nine' African American students prevented from entering racially segregated school: 1957 'Little Rock Nine' African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School, followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by the Governor of Arkansas
Demographics of Arkansas: Demographics of Arkansas - Ethnic groups in Arkansas - Native American tribes in Arkansas - African Americans in Arkansas
Economy of Arkansas: Economy of Arkansas, as exports include civilian aircraft with foreign-owned Dassault Falcon Jet Corporation in Little Rock, also ammunition, organic chemicals, steel, and shock absorbers, as poultry, cotton, rice, graders are also important exports from Arkansas, as state's primary exporting partners in 2011 included Canada (24.9%), Mexico (12.1%), China (7.4%), Japan (3.8%), South Korea (3.5%), France (3.0%), and Singapore (3.0%)
Agriculture in Arkansas: Agriculture in Arkansas - Plantations in Arkansas - Rice cultivation in Arkansas
Arkansas River: The Arkansas River, a major tributary of the Mississippi River, generally flowing to the east and southeast as it traverses the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas
Labor relations in Arkansas: Labor relations in Arkansas
Counties and cities in Arkansas: County seats in Arkansas - County government in Arkansas - Cities in Arkansas by county - Cities in Arkansas - Local government in Arkansas
Little Rock city: Little Rock city, the capital and most populous city of Arkansas, incorporated in November 1831 - Education in Little Rock, Arkansas
Economy of Little Rock: Economy of Little Rock
Timeline of Little Rock since 18th century: Timeline of Little Rock since 18th century
1722 French trading post near rock formation in the Arkansas River: 1722 French colonialist La Harpe, who later in 1722 presided over the transfer of French Pensacola in Florida to the Spanish empire, ascended the Arkansas River and found two distinct rock formations on the Arkansas River, naming the larger on the North bank 'le rocher francais' and basing a trading post near the smaller formation, as a Quapaw Indian settlement was stationed there
1836 following the 'Indian removal' Little Rock became Arkansas' capital city: 1836 following the 'Indian removal' Arkansas becomes the 25th State, and Little Rock became the official capital city
Since 1841 Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal: Since 1841 Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal
1861 Arkansas joins the Confederacy, 1863 Union forces occupy Little Rock: 1861 Arkansas joins the Confederacy, 1863 Union forces occupy Little Rock
Since 1908 Gazette Building in Little Rock, Arkansas, that served as the headquarters of the Arkansas Gazette newspaper, now housing the Elementary and Middle Schools for eStem Public Charter Schools
Since 1947 War Memorial Stadium, a multi-purpose stadium in Little Rock: Since 1947 War Memorial Stadium, a multi-purpose stadium in Little Rock
November/December 2018 Little Rock mayoral election: November/December 2018 Little Rock mayoral election, when Frank Scott became the first elected African American mayor in Little Rock's history
Politics and government of Arkansas: Politics and government of Arkansas - Constitution of Arkansas - Political party strength in Arkansas
Elections in Arkansas: Elections in Arkansas - Federal elections in Arkansas
2018 Arkansas elections: 2018 Arkansas elections
2020 Arkansas elections: 2020 Arkansas elections - 3 November 2020 USA presidential election in Arkansas
Social movements and protests in Arkansas:
Since May 2020 George Floyd protests in Arkansas: Since May 2020 George Floyd protests in Arkansas
Education in Arkansas: Education in Arkansas
Health in Arkansas: Health in Arkansas
Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Arkansas: Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Arkansas
Healthcare in Arkansas: List of hospitals in Arkansas
Media in Arkansas: Mass media in Arkansas
List of newspapers in Arkansas: List of newspapers in Arkansas
Crime in Arkansas: Crime in Arkansas, as in 2008 there were 123,882 crimes reported in Arkansas, including 162 murders, 109,508 property crimes, and 1,395 rapes
Violence in Arkansas: Violence in Arkansas - Deaths by firearm in Arkansas
Law and legal history of Arkansas: Law in Arkansas - Gun laws in Arkansas
Judiciary of Arkansas: Judiciary of Arkansas, as state's judicial branch has five court systems including Arkansas Supreme Court, Arkansas Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts, District Courts and City Courts
Environment of Arkansas: Environment of Arkansas - Natural history of Arkansas - Climate of Arkansas
Water in Arkansas: Water in Arkansas
California state: California state, the most populous state in the USA and the third most extensive by area
Native American history of California: Native American history of California - Population of Native California - estimates of the population of in tne Californian area prior to and after European contact vary substantially rangin from 133,000 to 705,000 with some recent scholars concluding that these estimates are low, following the arrival of Europeans in California, wars, murder, disease and other factors reduced the population to as low as 25,000
History of the west coast of North America: History of the west coast of North America
1848-1855 'California Gold Rush' and Native American population's decline from disease, starvation and the California Genocide: 1848-1855 California Gold Rush that began in January 1848, when gold was found at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, bringing about 300,000 people to California from the rest of USA's east and abroad, as the sudden influx of gold into the money supply reinvigorated the economy, and the sudden population increase allowed California to go rapidly to statehood in 1850, having severe effects on region's Native people and accelerating the Native American population's decline from disease, starvation and the California Genocide
1848 'California Gold Rush' and millionaire Brannan's 'California Star': 1848 California Gold Rush and Samuel Brannan, a settler, businessman, journalist, and Mormon who owned the first newspaper in San Francisco 'California Star', and considered the first to publicize the 'California Gold Rush' and was its first millionaire
Demographics in California: Demographics in California - Ethnic groups in California
Indigenous peoples of California: Indigenous peoples of California - with over one hundred federally recognized tribes California has the largest Native American population and the most distinct tribes of any USA state
Geography and environment of California: Geography and environment of California
Oil spills in California and the USA: Oil spills in California and the USA
May 2015 Refugio oil spill onto one of the most biologically diverse coastlines: May 2015 Refugio oil spill, that deposited 3,400 barrels of crude oil onto one of the most biologically diverse coastlines of the West Coast of the USA. The corroded pipeline blamed for the spill has been closed indefinitely, resulting in financial impacts to the county estimated as high as $74 million as it and a related pipeline remained out of service for three years. The cost of the cleanup was estimated by the company to be $96 million with overall expenses including expected legal claims and potential settlements to be around $257 million
4 October 2021 California oil spill threatening beaches and wildlife: October 2021 California oil spill in the waters of coastal Orange County. According to news reports, 'Officials warned of a potential ecological disaster after more than 120,000 gallons of oil leaked from an offshore rig and began washing up on beaches in Southern California as workers tried to contain the spill'
- 4 October 2021: California beaches closed as ‘devastating’ oil spill threatens wildlife
Water in California: Water in California - Water supply infrastructure in California
Oroville Dam: Oroville Dam, the tallest dam in the USA serving mainly for water supply, hydroelectricity generation and flood control
2017 Oroville Dam crisis: 2017 Oroville Dam crisis - 13 February 2017: Threat of collapse of Lake Oroville dam eases after mass evacuation
12 June 2021 Silicon Valley cracks down on water use as California drought worsens: 12 June 2021: Silicon Valley cracks down on water use as California drought worsens, as Santa Clara county issues restrictions in an already historic crisis, amid fears trouble could deepen over summer
Economy of California: Economy of California - History of the economy of California - Maritime history of California - List of economic regions of California - List of California locations by income
Energy in California: Energy in California
Phase-out of fossil fuel vehicles in California and worldwide: Phase-out of fossil fuel vehicles in California by 2035
September 2020 California will phase out the sale of all gasoline-powered vehicles by 2035: 23 September 2020: California will phase out the sale of all gasoline-powered vehicles by 2035 in a bid to lead the USA in reducing greenhouse gas emissions by encouraging the state's drivers to switch to electric cars
Agriculture in California: Agriculture in California
Labor relations and unemployment statistics in California: Labor relations in California - California unemployment statistics
Labor disputes in California: Labor disputes in California
4 November 2020 California passes 'Prop 22' backed by Silicon Valley’s tech companies: 4 November 2020: Uber and Lyft won a major victory in their battle to continue classifying drivers as contractors, not employees, following the passage of a ballot measure that exempts them from a California labor law, after voters passed 'Proposition 22', the most expensive ballot-measure campaign in state history, which came to symbolize a bitter struggle over the future of the gig economy, backed by some of Silicon Valley’s most powerful tech companies which spent upwards of $200m on the efforts
12 November 2020 'Proposition 22' law effects for gig workers across the USA: 12 November 2020: After companies spent more than $200m to bankroll 'Proposition 22' law California that will now exempt Uber drivers from basic protections afforded to most other workers in the state, and in the aftermath of their bought-and-paid-for victory, these companies are promising to roll out this model nationwide, foretelling a grim future for gig workers across the USA
List of cities and towns in California: List of cities and towns in California
Los Angeles city: Los Angeles city, the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California and the second most populous city in the USA after New York City - Timeline and history of Los Angeles - Economy of Los Angeles
Greater Los Angeles: Greater Los Angeles, the second-largest urban region in the USA, encompassing five counties in southern California - Economy of the Greater Los Angeles Area
Timeline of Los Angeles since 1781: Timeline of Los Angeles since 1781
March 1933 Long Beach earthquake: March 1933 Long Beach earthquake
October 1933 Griffith Park Fire: October 1933 Griffith Park Fire in Los Angeles, resulting in the deaths of at least 29 civilians who were trying to fight the fire
June 1968 assassination of Robert Kennedy: 5 June 1968 political assassination of Robert F. Kennedy at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles by Sirhan Sirhan
January 1994 Northridge earthquake: January 1994 Northridge earthquake
August 1999 Los Angeles Jewish Community Center shooting: 10 August 1999 Los Angeles Jewish Community Center shooting
January 2005 Los Angeles County flood: January 2005 Los Angeles County flood
September 2017: 3 septembre 2017: Los Angeles combat le plus grand brasier de son histoire, selon le maire Eric Garcetti
December 2017 Skirball Fire: December 2017 Skirball Fire, a wildfire that burned in the Bel Air neighborhood of Los Angeles,
2017/2018 Creek Fire: 2017/2018 Creek Fire, a large wildfire that burned north of Sylmar, a neighborhood in Los Angeles
May 2019 more than 1,000 firearms in in LA mansion: 11 May 2019: Los Angeles police department announced one of the largest recoveries of guns, coming from an 8,000-square-foot home located near the upscale Bel-Air neighborhood, linked to the Getty family, one of the most famous wealthy families in the USA
30 January 2021 number of Latinos dying daily from covid soars 1,000% in Los Angeles: 30 January 2021: The average number of daily deaths from covid-19 among the Los Angeles county’s Latino residents increases from 3.5 deaths to 40 deaths per 100,000
August 2021 in Los Angeles amid climate crisis, covid-19 and looming Afghanistan deadline: 12 August 2021: The latest UN report on climate change tells us in August 'we haven’t come close to getting a handle on global warming — and that failure is triggering disastrous environmental consequences' according to science writer Amina Khan, also reporting in August 2021 how students across California are returning to a very different school experience during covid-19, giving some answers to common questions about vaccines, testing, masks and more, as president Biden on 27 August vows retaliation for Afghanistan suicide bombings by 'Islamic State' terrorists that killed 13 USA service members and dozens of Afghan citicens converged on the airport under the hot sun in an effort to flee the country after Taliban took power 20 years after 9/11, Afghanistan engagement against Taliban terror regime to punish Bin Laden, 2003-2011 Iraq war, casualty estimates, and the attack against Bin Laden in 2011 in Pakistan (and not in Afghanistan)
Hawthorne city: Hawthorne city in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, located in southwestern Los Angeles County. As of the 2010 US census, Hawthorne had a population of 84,293. In 2019, the population was estimated at 86,068 citizens
10 October 2021 California man dies after being beaten by people he tried to hit with truck: 10 October 2021: A man died after he tried to hit people on a sidewalk with his truck, crashed against a building then was pulled out and beaten by the group in southern California, authorities said
Orange County: Orange County located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area with a population of 3,010,232 citizens in 2010, making it the third-most populous county in California, as the area - although mostly suburban - is the second most densely populated county in the state, behind San Francisco County, and as the county's three most populous cities are Anaheim, Santa Ana, and Irvine, each of which has a population exceeding 250,000, and as six cities in Orange County are on the Pacific coast
Economy of Orange County: Economy of Orange County in California - Companies based in Orange County - Transportation in Orange County
Government in Orange County: Government in Orange County in California
Orange city: Orange city located in Orange County, 4.8 kilometers north of the county seat Santa Ana, as its population was 138,669 citizens in 2019
Demographics of Orange: Demographics of Orange with a population of 136,416 citizens in 2010, including 91,522 (67.1%) White (with 46.8% Non-Hispanic White), 2,227 (1.6%) African American, 993 (0.7%) Native American, 15,350 (11.3%) Asian, 352 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 20,567 (15.1%) other citizens, as Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52,014 persons (38.1%)
Education of Orange: Education of Orange - List of museums in Orange County
Economy of Orange: Economy of Orange
Timeline of Orange: History and timeline of Orange
Prior to the 18th Native Americans in Orange region: Prior to the 18th century members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño ethnic group long inhabited the area of Orange, as after the Mexican–American War 'Alta California' was ceded to the USA by México with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, and as in the last decade of the 19th century - as did many of the surrounding communities - thanks to ever-increasing demands for California-grown citrus fruits, a period some refer to as the 'Orange Era'
1 April 2021 California shooting as four people killed, including child: 2021 Orange mass shooting - 1 April 2021: A child was among four people killed Wednesday in a shooting at a southern California office building that left a fifth victim and the gunman reportedly critically wounded, as the violence in the city of Orange south-east of Los Angeles was the nation’s third mass shooting in just over two weeks
Sacramento city: Sacramento city, the capital city of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County, located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, with an estimated population of 513,625 citizens in 2019 - 'Sacramento' named after the 'Sacramento' River, which forms its western border, as river was named by a Spanish colonial empire's cavalry officer for the 'Santisimo Sacramento', referring to the Catholic Eucharist, and as before the arrival of occupying European colonial powers, the Nisenan branch of the Native American Maidu inhabited the 'Sacramento' Valley area
Since 1848 timeline of 'Sacramento': Timeline of Sacramento
1849 'Sacramento' City founded by Swiss immigrant and settler: 1849 'Sacramento' City founded by Swiss immigrant John Sutter Jr, after in May 1834 in order to avoid debtors' prison his father John Sutter Sr. left his family in Switzerland, and by Sam Brannan from Maine - Since 1849 Sacramento Historic City Cemetery
August 1850 Squatters' riot: August 1850 Squatters' riot
October/November 1850 'Sacramento' Cholera outbreak: October/November 1850 'Sacramento' Cholera outbreak
Since 1852 Congregation B'nai Israel: Since 1852 Congregation B'nai Israel, the oldest Jewish congregation in Sacramento, as the congregation began as an Orthodox community, traces its history back to the California Gold Rush of 1849
April 1991 Sacramento hostage crisis: April 1991 Sacramento hostage crisis, as 39 employees and customers were taken hostage and held at a 'Good Guys!' electronics store in Sacramento for approximately eight hours by four gunmen, and as three hostages were killed, three of the four hostage-takers, and an additional 14 hostages were injured during the crisis
San Diego city: San Diego city on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, approximately 190 km south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico with an estimated population of 1,419,516 inhabitants as of July 2017 - History of San Diego
Timeline of San Diego since 1542: Timeline of San Diego since 1542, when Spanish empire's Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo entered San Diego Bay - 1521-1821 Viceroyalty of New Spain, an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire during the Spanish colonization of the Americas
1846-1848 Mexican–USA War: 1846-1848 Mexican–USA War, an armed conflict between the USA and the Second Federal Republic of Mexico, following the 1845 USA's annexation of the Republic of Texas - May 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, transfers San Diego and all of Alta California to the USA
3 May 2021 four dead and captain in custody as boat capsizes near San Diego: 3 May 2021: Four people are dead and over a dozen are injured after a boat capsized close to San Diego, as officials believe the boat, which had at least 29 people onboard, was being used to smuggle migrants into the USA and the man who was captaining the vessel has been taken into custody
San Jose city: San Jose city, located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the southern shore of San Francisco Bay, and an economic, cultural and political center of Silicon Valley, with an estimated 2017 population of 1,035,317 inhabitants the third-most populous city in California - History of San Jose, California - Economy of San Jose
Santa Clara County and Silicon Valley: Santa Clara County, California's 6th most populous county, with a population of 1,781,642 inhabitants in 2010 census, home to Silicon Valley as its largest city is San Jose - Silicon Valley, a region in the southern part of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California that serves as a global center for high technology, innovation and social media, corresponding roughly to the geographical Santa Clara Valley
12 June 2021 Silicon Valley cracks down on water use as California drought worsens: 12 June 2021: Silicon Valley cracks down on water use as California drought worsens, as Santa Clara county issues restrictions in an already historic crisis, amid fears trouble could deepen over summer
Economy of Santa Clara County: Economy of Santa Clara County, heavily service based, technology, both hardware and software, dominates the service sector by value, but like any other county, Santa Clara has its share of retail and office support workers
Cooperatives in the San Francisco Bay Area: Cooperatives in the San Francisco Bay Area
Timeline of San Jose and Santa Clara County since 1777: Timeline of San Jose in California since 1777
For thousands of years San Jose area inhabited by Ohlone Native Americans before European military invaded: For thousands of years before the arrival of European settlers, the area now known as San Jose was inhabited by several groups of Ohlone Native Americans, as permanent European presence in the area came with the 1770 founding of the Presidio of Monterey and Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo by Gaspar de Portolà and Junípero Serra, about sixty miles (100 km) to the south. Don Pedro Fages, the military governor at Monterey, passed through the area on his 1770 and 1772 expeditions to explore the East Bay and Sacramento River Delta
1777 Spanish pueblo San Jose de Guadalupe founded: 1777 Spanish pueblo San Jose de Guadalupe founded
1849 San Jose becomes capital of the new state of California: December 1849 town of San Jose becomes capital of the new state of California
Since 1851 University of the Pacific: Since 1851 University of the Pacific, the oldest chartered university in California, the first independent coeducational campus in California, and both the first conservatory of music and first medical school on the West Coast
August 2018 Google tracking users: 17 August 2018: Google admits it tracks users, even if you opt out
November 2018 protests of Google employees: 1/2 November 2018: After a day of global protests, employees at Google’s Silicon Valley headquarters added their voices to calls for major change to company policies on gender pay equity and sexual misconduct
April 2019 Google's firing of contractors: 2 April 2019: Criticizing abrupt firing of contractors, who make up 54% of Google’s workforce, more than 900 Google workers have signed a letter objecting to the tech giant’s treatment of temporary contractors, in what organizers are calling 'an historical coalition' between Google’s full-time employees and temps, vendors and contractors
December 2020 over 1,200 Google workers condemn firing of AI scientist Timnit Gebru over her research on bias: 4 December 2020: More than 1,200 Google employees and more than 1,500 academic researchers are speaking out in protest after prominent Black scientist Timnit Gebru studying the ethics of artificial intelligence said she was fired by Google after the company attempted to suppress her research and she criticized its diversity efforts
San Francisco city: San Francisco city, the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California - Economy of San Francisco - List of companies based in San Francisco
Port of San Francisco: Port of San Francisco
San Francisco Bay Area and cities: San Francisco Bay Area - List of cities and towns in the San Francisco Bay Area, with over 7.1 million inhabitants, approximately 6,900 square miles of land and home to two major cities San Francisco and Oakland
Berkeley: Berkeley city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, home to the oldest campus in the University of California system and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which is managed and operated by the University
Economy in the San Francisco Bay Area: Economy of the San Francisco Bay Area - Manufacturing companies based in the San Francisco Bay Area - Technology companies based in the San Francisco Bay Area
Cooperatives in the San Francisco Bay Area: Cooperatives in the San Francisco Bay Area
Timeline of the San Francisco Bay Area since prehistory: Timeline of the San Francisco Bay Area since prehistory
October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in Northern California: October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in Northern California
Since 1994 Network of Bay Area Worker Cooperatives: Since 1994 Network of Bay Area Worker Cooperatives (NoBAWC - pronounced 'No Boss'), a network of worker cooperatives dedicated to building workplace democracy
Timeline of San Francisco since 1776: Timeline of San Francisco since 1776
1848-1855 'California Gold Rush' and Native American population's decline from disease, starvation and the California Genocide: 1848-1855 California Gold Rush that began in January 1848, when gold was found at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, bringing about 300,000 people to California from the rest of USA's east and abroad, as the sudden influx of gold into the money supply reinvigorated the economy, and the sudden population increase allowed California to go rapidly to statehood in 1850, having severe effects on region's Native people and accelerating the Native American population's decline from disease, starvation and the California Genocide
1848 'California Gold Rush' and millionaire Brannan's 'California Star': 1848 California Gold Rush and Samuel Brannan, a settler, businessman, journalist, and Mormon who owned the first newspaper in San Francisco 'California Star', and considered the first to publicize the 'California Gold Rush' and was its first millionaire
April 1906 San Francisco earthquake: April 1906 San Francisco earthquake
March 2017 San Francisco’s housing crisis: 29 March 2017: Iris Canada, a 100-year-old woman whose eviction became a symbol of San Francisco’s housing crisis, died on Saturday, one month after she lost her home
March 2019: 29 March 2019: When residents from one of San Francisco’s most desirable neighborhoods launched a crowdfunding appeal to block a new homeless shelter, the controversial tactic drew an angry response from the city’s mayor
10 September 2020 3 people dead as firefighters battle Northern California wildfires: 10 September 2020: 3 people dead, as firefighters battle Northern California wildfires and fire chief says personnel focused on saving lives rather than halting flames, as inferno burns 25-mile path of destruction, as 'Golden Gate' bridge covered with smoke from wildfires, and as Trump's fighting science presidency has thrown the stolen country in series of never seen crises
Oakland city and port: Oakland city, a major West Coast port and the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, also the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay - History of Oakland
Timeline of Oakland: Timeline of Oakland since 1852
April 1906 San Francisco earthquake: April 1906 San Francisco earthquake
Since 1927 Port of Oakland: Since 1927 Port of Oakland
October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in Northern California: October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in Northern California
November 2011 Oakland general strike: November 2011 Oakland general strike
April 2012 Oikos University shooting: April 2012 Oikos University shooting
Stockton city: Stockton city, the county seat of San Joaquin County in the Central Valley of California - Demographics of Stockton, as the city in 2010 had a population of 291,707 citizens, including 108,044 (37.0%) white (22.1% non-Hispanic white), 35,548 (12.2%) African American, 3,086 (1.1%) Native American, 62,716 (21.5%) Asian (7.2% Filipino, 3.5% Cambodian, 2.1% Vietnamese, 2.0% Hmong, 1.8% Chinese, 1.6% Indian, 1.0% Laotian, 0.6% Pakistani, 0.5% Japanese, 0.2% Korean, 0.1% Thai), 1,822 (0.6%) Pacific Islander (0.2% Samoan, 0.1% Tongan, 0.1% Guamanian), 60,332 (20.7%) from other races, and 20,159 (6.9%) from two or more races, as Hispanic or Latino of any race were 117,590 persons (40.3%) - Education in Stockton
Politics and city government of Stockton: Politics and city government of Stockton
Economy and economic history of Stockton: Economy and economic history of Stockton, as since agricultural beginnings Stockton's economy has since diversified into other industries, including telecommunications and manufacturing supported by Stockton's central location relative to both San Francisco and Sacramento
History and timeline of Stockton: History and timeline of Stockton
2008-2015 financial and economic crisis: Following USA's 2008 financial and economic crisis, in June 2012 Stockton became the largest city in USA history to file for bankruptcy protection, surpassed by Detroit in July 2013, as in 2014 a federal bankruptcy judge approved the city's bankruptcy recovery plan, thus allowing the city to continue with the planned pension payments to retired workers, and the city exited from Chapter 9 bankruptcy in February 2015
4 March 2021 in 'Empowerment Demonstration' Californians on universal basic income paid off debt and got full-time jobs: 4 March 2021: After receiving $500 per month for two years without rules on how to spend it, 125 people in California paid off debt, got full-time jobs and had 'statistically significant improvements' in emotional health, according to a study, as the program was the nation’s highest-profile experiment in decades of universal basic income UBI, with the central idea to lift people out of poverty with a guaranteed monthly income, now probed by the 'Stockton Economic Empowerment Demonstration', run by the not-for-profit organization Mayors for a Guaranteed Income, founded by the former mayor of Stockton Michael Tubbs
Vallejo city: Vallejo city in Solano County, located on the northeastern shore of San Pablo Bay 30 miles north of San Francisco, with a population was of 115,942 inhabitants in 2010 - Economy of Vallejo
History of Vallejo: History of Vallejo since prehistory, as Vallejo was once home of the Coastal Miwok as well as Suisunes and other Patwin Native American tribes
2008-2011 bankruptcy of Vallejo: 2008-2011 bankruptcy of Vallejo, at the time becoming the largest California city to do so
February 2019 shooting of Willie McCoy: 9 February 2019 shooting of Willie McCoy, a rapper in California who was killed by six police officers in Vallejo - 13 February 2019: Cell phone video captures Vallejo police shooting of local rapper in Taco Bell drive-through, San Francisco Chronicle reports - 21 February 2019: One of the six California police officers who fired a barrage of bullets at Willie McCoy at a Vallejo Taco Bell had previously shot and killed an unarmed man and is the subject of an ongoing excessive force lawsuit, as a second officer had been sued by the family of a Vallejo teenager in a police brutality case - 30 March 2019: Vallejo police have released footage of the killing of Willie McCoy at a Taco Bell, showing six officers shooting the 20-year-old who was sleeping in his car, consistent with claims of McCoy’s family, who said officers did not try to wake him or talk to him before shooting
Politics and protests in California: Politics and protests California
July 2016 sweeping package of gun control laws: 2 July 2016: California adopts expanded background checks and a ban on high-capacity magazines as part of a sweeping package of gun control laws that advocates hope will pave the way for stronger firearm restrictions across the country
March 2018 protest against Donald Trump: 13 mars 2018: À la veille de la première visite de Donald Trump des manifestations ont eu lieu lundi en Californie au centre de San Diego pour dénoncer la venue du président et en particulier sa politique anti-immigration
November 2018 wildfire victims' protest: 18 November 2018: As Donald Trump landed in northern California on Saturday morning, hundreds of evacuees at a Walmart in Chico were frantically trying to figure out their next steps – which shelter they would go to, and if they should stay close to what’s left of their homes in the fire-ravaged town of Paradise
January 2019: 10 January 2019: California governor Newsom rebukes Trump agenda with immigrant healthcare and free college, as of his $209-bn budget proposal 53% goes toward education, from kindergarten through public state-funded higher education, and 28% goes toward health and human services
April 2019: 25 April 2019: Huge crowds of Armenian Americans marched in Los Angeles on Wednesday in an annual commemoration of the deaths of 1.5 million Armenians under the Ottoman Empire, aiming to press demands that Turkey — the successor of the Ottoman Empire — recognize the deaths as genocide
Elections in California: Elections in California
Since 1852 USA presidential elections in California: Since 1852 USA presidential elections in California
November 2020 USA presidential election in California: 3 November 2020 USA presidential election in California, as California has 55 electoral votes in the Electoral College
10 November 2020 Biden won USA's most populous state of California: 10 November 2020: Biden easily won USA's most populous state of California, but votes for Congress and on gig work and affirmative action tell a different story
Society in California: Society in California
Demographics in California: Demographics in California - Ethnic groups in California
Indigenous peoples in California: Indigenous peoples of California - List of indigenous peoples in California - Native American tribes in California
History of enslavement of indigenous peoples in California: History of enslavement of indigenous peoples in California
African Americans in California: African Americans in California - African-American history of California
History of slavery in California: History of slavery in California - History of enslavement of indigenous peoples in California
Hispanics and Latinos in California: Hispanics and Latinos in California - Hispanic and Latino American culture in California - Mexican-American culture in California - List of California communities with Hispanic majority populations in the 2010 census
Jews and Judaism in California: Jews and Judaism in California - Jewish-American history in California - History of the Jews in the American West
Asian Americans in California: Asian Americans in California - Asian-American culture in California
Education in California: Education in California - Education in California by county - Education in California by city
Schools in California: Schools in California - Schools in California by county - Elementary schools in California - High schools in California by county
8 March 2019 Eva Schloss speaks to high school students: 8 March 2019: Stepsister of Anne Frank Eva Schloss, who was freed at 16 from Auschwitz death camp, speaks to teens and high school students who have played Nazi-themed beer pong as drink cups were used to form a crude swastika and Nazi salutes were shown
13 March 2019: 13 March 2019: Nazi posters hung at high school in Newport Beach, whose students played swastika beer game
Native American and minority schools in California: Native American schools in California - Minority schools in California
Colleges and universities in California: List of colleges and universities in California - Science and technology in California
Health in California: Health in California
March 2020 California declared a state of emergency over coronavirus oubreak: 5 March 2020: California declared a state of emergency over the novel coronavirus as a cruise ship was held off the coast over fears of the outbreak, coming as the death toll in the USA hit 11, including the first fatality in California, and lawmakers in Congress agreed to provide more than $8 billion to fight the rapidly spreading disease
8 August 2020 covid-19 devastates agriculture workers in California's heartland: 8 August 2020: Covid-19 devastates agriculture workers in California's heartland
Healthcare in California: Healthcare in California by region and city - Health care districts in California - Medical and health organizations based in California
Media in California: Mass media in California - Mass media in California by city - Media in Los Angeles
Citizen mass media in California: Citizen mass media in California
Newspapers published in California: Newspapers published in California - List of newspapers in California - History of newspapers in California
Broadcasting in California: Radio stations in California - TV stations in California - List of TV stations in California
7 June 2020 activists seek justice for police killings the media forgot: 7 June 2020: 'George Floyd happens every day', activists seek justice for police killings the media forgot, as California faces the highest rate of fatal police shootings for a state of its size, and the outcry over Floyd’s death offers a 'window of opportunity'
Crime in California: Crime in California - California locations by crime rate - Crimes in Los Angeles County - Crimes in the San Francisco Bay Area - Crimes in San Francisco
White nationalism, slavery, racism and history of racism, fascism and neo-Nazism in California: White nationalism, slavery, racism and history of racism, fascism and neo-Nazism in California
19th century California genocide: 19th century California genocide, consisting of actions taken by the USA following its conquest of California from Mexico, that resulted in the dramatic decrease of the indigenous population of California, as between 1849 and 1870 it is conservatively estimated that USA's colonists murdered some 9,500 California Natives, and acts of enslavement, kidnapping, rape, child separation and displacement were widespread, encouraged, carried out by and tolerated by state authorities and militias
19th century list of recorded massacres during the California genocide: Since 1846 19th century list of recorded massacres during the California genocide - In June 2019 in a speech before representatives of Native American peoples California governor Gavin Newsom apologized for the genocide, saying 'that’s what it was, a genocide. No other way to describe it. And that’s the way it needs to be described in the history books,' also announcing a Truth and Healing Council that will clarify the historical record on the relationship between the state and California Native Americans
History of slavery in California: History of slavery in California - African Americans in California
20th century white nationalism in California in reaction 'Civil Rights Movement' and student movement: White nationalism in California
1975 'California Reich' documentary film on a group of Neo-Nazis in Los Angeles, San Francisco and Tracy: 1975 'California Reich' documentary film on a group of Neo-Nazis in Los Angeles, San Francisco and Tracy, members of the National Socialist White People's Party, a USA Nazi party started by George Rockwell
Violence and murder in California: Violence in California - Murder in California
Lynching deaths in California: Lynching deaths in California
Deaths by firearm in California: Deaths by firearm in California - List of shootings in California - Mass shootings in California
August 1999 Los Angeles Jewish Community Center shooting: 10 August 1999 Los Angeles Jewish Community Center shooting, when white supremacist Furrow opened fire with a semi-automatic weapon, firing 70 shots, wounding five people, then murdering a mail carrier
April 2019 Poway synagogue shooting: 27 April 2019 Poway synagogue shooting, when 19-year old John T. Earnest fired shots inside the Chabad of Poway synagogue in California, killing a woman and injuring three other people, having an AR-style rifle in his possession
July 2019 Gilroy Garlic Festival shooting: 28 July 2019 Gilroy Garlic Festival shooting - 29 Juily 2019: A gunman, using a rifle and gaining entry to the Gilroy garlic festival by cutting through a fence, has opened fire at California's food festival, killing at least three people including a six-year-old boy and wounding 15 others before being shot dead by police, as local police still looking for a second suspect
18 November 2019 Fresno mass shooting: 18 November 2019: Police in central California say 10 people were shot at a backyard party in Fresno, and four them died
19 November 2019 brutal wave of gun violence in California: 19 November 2019: Shootings at high school, home and backyard party prompt renewed calls for action against gun violence, as ten people were killed in three mass shootings in California in just four days, marking a particularly brutal wave of gun violence incidents in the state
28 June 2020 shooting at Walmart in Red Bluff: 27 June 2020 Red Bluff shooting, as 31-year-old white male listed as a suspect in the shooting - 28 June 2020: Shooting at a Walmart distribution center in Red Bluff killed at least two people and injured four others, as Tehama County's assistant sheriff said the attacker circled the center's parking lot four times before crashing his vehicle into the building and opening fire with a semi-automatic rifle
Organized crime in California: Organized crime in California, including terrorist groups, traditional 'Cosa Nostra', Sicilian Mafia, Camorra and Eurasian criminal networks, and other gangs with operations usually including assault, auto theft, drive-by shooting, illegal drug and narcotic manufacturing, drug and narcotic trafficking, forgery, fraud, home invasion robbery, identity theft, murder, weapons trafficking, witness intimidation, and violence against law enforcement
Law of California: Law of California consists of several levels, including constitutional, statutory, and regulatory law, as well as case law - Legal history of California - 1849 Constitution of California with 514 amendments
California Department of Justice: California Department of Justice, a statewide investigative law enforcement agency and state legal department in the California executive branch under the elected leadership of the California Attorney General, which carries out complex criminal and civil investigations, prosecutions, and other legal services throughout the state - Attorney General of California, the state attorney general of the Government of California, whose duty is to ensure that 'the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced' according to the Constitution of California
Judiciary and court system in California: California's judiciary has a hierarchical structure with the Supreme Court at the apex, California courts of appeal as the primary appellate courts, and the California superior courts as the primary trial courts, its administration is effected by the Judicial Council and its staff, as well as the relatively autonomous courts - Courthouses in California - List of USA federal courthouses in California
March 2017 Monsanto case: 27 March 2017: In a lawsuit, filed this month in Alameda County Superior Court, 40 plaintiffs claiming St. Louis-based Monsanto's herbicide 'Roundup' linked to cancer and that they have experienced 'severe' physical problems using the product that has long been marketed as safe
March 2018 immigration protections: 12 March 2018: A lawsuit is being filed to overturn Trump’s decision to end immigration protections for more than 200,000 people from four Central American and African nations, El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua and Sudan, the president reportedly called 'shithole countries'
May/June 2018 Monsanto trial: 22 May 2018: Californian landmark lawsuit filed in San Francisco county superior court claims Monsanto hid cancer danger of weedkiller for decades
June 2018: 6 June 2018: Californian judge Persky in the Stanford sexual assault case has been recalled from office by local voters, a rare outcome in the USA court system and a major victory for activists who waged a two-year campaign against the official
June 2018: 27 June 2018: District Judge Dana Sabraw in San Diego ordered USA border authorities to reunite separated families within 30 days, setting a hard deadline in a process that has so far yielded uncertainty about when children might again see their parents, as 17 states, including New York and California, sued the Trump administration Tuesday to force it to reunite children and parents, joining Washington D.C. in filing the lawsuit in federal court in Seattle, arguing that they are being forced to shoulder increased child welfare, education and social services costs
August 2018 'kristall.night' app verdict: 7/8 August 2018: Chief Magistrate Judge Joseph Spero in California has ruled that a confidential messaging app, known as 'kristall.night' on the app, the infamous night of Nazi attacks on Jews in 1938, must release the identity of a user, who is accused of helping plan violence at a white nationalist rally last year in Charlottesville in Virginia, advising neo-Nazi and white supremacist marchers to bring helmets and shields, and not to use weapons to which they were not accustomed in the march that culminated in a deadly car-ramming attack by a neo-Nazi
August 2018 Monsanto’s Roundup verdict: 11 August 2018: Monsanto, now a unit of Bayer AG, suffered a major blow with a San Francisco jury ruling that the company was liable for terminally ill Dewayne Johnson’s cancer, awarding him $289m in damages, after Monsanto’s Roundup weedkiller caused his cancer without warning him of the health hazards from exposure, and after the jury further found that Monsanto 'acted with malice or oppression' and 'fought science' for years, targeting academics who spoke up about possible health risks of the herbicide product - 10 July 2018: Monsanto faces 5,000 lawsuits nationwide alleging Roundup caused cancer, mainly in USA state courts - 25 April 2018: Monsanto bullies EPA on glyphosate ruling, after use of glyphosate on USA farmland has exploded in recent years - Monsanto legal cases
September 2019 Holocaust survivor Rishin, who faced eviction in California's Alameda will keep his home after outrage: 17 September 2019: Holocaust survivor Musiy Rishin, who faced eviction in California's Alameda will keep his home after outrage over his case, following Guardian interview, leading to new tenant protections meaning landlords can’t evict him to charge higher rents
Law enforcement agencies in California: List of law enforcement agencies in California, in 2008 the state had 509 law enforcement agencies employing 79,431 officers
Municipal police departments of California: Municipal police departments of California
Los Angeles Police Department: Los Angeles Police Department, with 9,988 officers and 2,869 civilian staff, the third-largest municipal police department in the USA, after the Chicago Police Department and the New York City Police Department
11 July 2020 police shot Los Angeles security guard in the back five times: 11 July 2020: The official autopsy report for Andres Guardado, an 18-year-old security guard killed by Los Angeles police last month, revealed that a deputy shot him in the back five times, as findings from the Los Angeles county coroner, released on Friday, confirm an independent autopsy report released earlier this week by a family attorney, after the sheriff’s department had faced intense scrutiny over its initial decision to request the findings be kept confidential under a security hold
San Francisco Police Department: San Francisco Police Department, the city police department of the City and County of San Francisco
Natural disasters in California: Natural disasters in California - Earthquakes in California
Wildfires in California: Wildfires in California
2017 and December 2017: 2017 California wildfire season is the most destructive one on record, which saw 9,054 wildfires burning across California - 9 December 2017: California governor Jerry Brown scans wildfire damage and blasts Trump for Paris climate pullout
November 2018 Camp and Woolsey Fire: November 2018 Camp Fire, the deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California history in Butte County, in Northern California - November 2018 Woolsey Fire, a destructive wildfire burning in Los Angeles and Ventura Counties of California
2018/2019 utility companies face scrutiny for wildfires: 17 November 2018: Pacific Gas and Electric and Southern California Edison targeted by authorities after being found responsible for wildfires in California - 14 January 2019: California utility firm 'Pacific Gas and Electric' suspected of starting deadly wildfires goes bankrupt - 14 September 2019: Bankrupt California utility PG&E blamed for deadly wildfires agrees to $11bn payout
2020 California wildfire season largest in history: 2020 California wildfire season, series of ongoing wildfires that are burning across the state, as of 11 September a total of 7,718 fires have burned 3,175,523 acres, more than 3% of the state's roughly 100 million acres of land, making 2020 the largest wildfire season recorded in California history
12 September 2020 dozens of people missing and at least 23 people believed killed by western USA wildfires: 12 September 2020: Dozens of people are missing and at least 23 people are believed to have been killed as historic wildfires in the western USA forced evacuations, stretched fire crews thin and spawned misinformation
September 2020 wildfires in western USA delivering dire message: 12 September 2020: The historic wildfires that have seized western USA are delivering dire message, that the climate crisis and decades of bad environmental policies have unleashed deadly consequences, 'The Guardian' reports
Since 14 January 2021 California wildfire season and ongoing series of wildfires: Since 14 January 2021 California wildfire season, an ongoing series of wildfires that have burned across the state of California, as of 21 July 2021, a total of 5,371 fires have been recorded, burning 155,108 ha across the state, as at least 135 buildings have been destroyed by the wildfires, and at least 7 firefighters have been injured battling the fires, and as the wildfire season in California experienced an unusually early start amid an ongoing drought and historically low rainfall and reservoir levels
25 July 2021 as California’s biggest wildfire destroys homes Oregon's Kate Brown saya 'We have to take action': 25 July 2021: As California’s biggest wildfire destroyed multiple homes, its flames racing through rugged terrain, and as numerous other blazes battered the American west, the governor of Oregon Kate Brown said the climate crisis was 'like a hammer hitting us in the head', adding 'We have to take action'
5 August 2021 raging fire guts California Gold Rush town: 5 August 2021 raging fire guts California Gold Rush town, as Dixie fire tore through mountain town of Greenville on Wednesday evening, leaving much of the downtown in ashes
7 August 2021 threatening Dixie fire: 7 August 2021: 10,000 buildings threatened by Dixie fire as largest USA wildfire tears through northern California
8 August 3021 Disie fire and at least 5 missed people on Saturday: 8 août 2021: Les autorités californiennes étaient sans nouvelles, samedi, d'au moins cinq personnes après le passage du Dixie Fire, le gigantesque incendie qui ravage actuellement l'Ouest américain et continue sa course folle
18 August 2021 new wildfire in California's north: 18 août 2021: Un feu de forêt qui s’est déclaré dans la région de la capitale de Californie voici seulement quelques jours était en train d’échapper à tout contrôle mercredi après avoir déjà parcouru près de 215 km2, et au moins deux victimes ont dû être transportées à l’hôpital par hélicoptère après que l’incendie, baptisé Caldor Fire, a dévasté une petite ville située à environ 80 km de Sacramento, dans le nord de l’Etat
5 October 2021 California grape workers need better protection, support against ferocious wildfires: 5 October 2021: California grape workers say they need better protections and support as ferocious wildfires become more frequent in California’s wine region
Floods and landslides in California: Floods in California - California landslides
January 2018 Southern California landslides: January 2018 Southern California landslides, following soil saturation from heavy rainfall and deforestation due to recent wildfires - 10 January 2018: At least 13 people killed after heavy rains pound Santa Barbara
North Carolina state: North Carolina - History of North Carolina
Economy of North Carolina: Economy of North Carolina
Agriculture in North Carolina: Agriculture in North Carolina
Regions of North Carolina: Regions of North Carolina
Metropolitan areas of North Carolina: List of metropolitan areas of North Carolina
Charlotte metropolitan area: Charlotte metropolitan area
Cities in North Carolina: Cities in North Carolina
Charlotte city: Charlotte city, the largest city in North Carolina, as 2004-2014 Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest growing city with 888,000 residents - List of companies in Charlotte
History and timeline of Charlotte: History and timeline of Charlotte, North Carolina since 1763
Charlotte city in the 21st century: Charlotte city in the 21st century
Raleigh city: Raleigh city,the second largest city behind Charlotte, is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County
Elizabeth city: Elizabeth city in Pasquotank County with a population of 18,683 citizens in 2010, the cultural, economic and educational hub of the sixteen-county Historic Albemarle region of northeastern North Carolina - Pasquotank River
Demographics of Elizabeth city: Demographics of Elizabeth city
History and timeline of Elizabeth City: History of Elizabeth City, serving as a trading site in the 18th century
February 1862 battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River: February 1862 battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River as participants were vessels of the USA Union Navy opposed by vessels of the Confederate Navy, and as the battle's was a Union victory
21 April 2021 North Carolina deputy fatally shoots Andrew Brown: On 21 April 2021 Andrew Brown Jr., a 42-year-old black man, was fatally shot in the back of the head by a deputy sherriff in Elizabeth City in North Carolina, as seven officers were placed on leave as a result of the shooting - 21 April 2021: North Carolina community and people of Elizabeth City want to know what happened Wednesday morning when a deputy executing a search warrant shot and killed Andrew Brown Jr
27 April 2021 attorneys of Andrew Brown's familiy are holding press conference: 27 April 2021: Attorneys representing the family of Andrew Brown are holding press conference in Elizabeth City, after the citizen was killed by police there last week and details are coming out very slowly
Demographics, society and politics of North Carolina: Demographics of North Carolina - North Carolina society - Education in North Carolina
Politics of North Carolina: Politics of North Carolina
Elections in North Carolina: Elections in North Carolina
2020 North Carolina elections: 2020 North Carolina elections
March 2020 Kathy Manning won the Democratic primary in her NC district: 5 March 2020: Kathy Manning, former immigration lawyer and the first woman to chair the Jewish Federations of North America, won the Democratic primary in her North Carolina district to earn a second try for a congressional seat
Social movements, labor disputes and protests in North Carolina: Labor disputes in North Carolina
1870 Kirk-Holden War: 1870 Kirk-Holden War was a struggle against the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina, after the Klan was preventing recently freed slaves from exercising their right to vote through intimidation
April-June 1929 Loray Mill strike: April-June 1929 Loray Mill strike was considered very successful in a lasting way, causing an immense controversy which gave the labor movement momentum, propelling the movement in its national development
January 1958 Battle of Hayes Pond: January 1958 Battle of Hayes Pond, an armed confrontation between the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and the Lumbee Indians at a Klan rally near Maxton, resulting in a Lumbee victory
1969 Greensboro uprising: 1969 Greensboro uprising
Crime in North Carolina: Crime in North Carolina
November 1979 Greensboro massacre: 3 November 1979 Greensboro massacre
March 2009 Carthage nursing home shooting: 29 March 2009 Carthage nursing home shooting, a mass murder committed with a range of weapons
August 2017: 21 August 2017: Rev. Nelson Johnson needs no reminders of the massacre of 5 of his labor-activist friends almost 40 years ago, he still has the faded scar on his left arm, left by a Nazi who stabbed him as white supremacists descended on a march for workers through black neighborhoods in Greensboro, but now hopes for a 'justice river’ following the 12 August march by Ku Klux Klansmen and Nazis in Charlottesville and the death of a young woman hit by a car there
April/May 2019 UNCC mass shooting : 30 April 2019 UNCC mass shooting that occurred at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte - 1 May 2019: Suspect Trystan Andrew Terrell armed with a pistol opened fire on students at a North Carolina university during the last day of classes, killing two people and wounding four, as police officers who had gathered ahead of a campus concert raced over and disarmed the suspect
North Carolina law: North Carolina law - Legal history of North Carolina - Constitution of North Carolina
South Carolina state: South Carolina state - History of South Carolina, South Carolina became the first state which voted to secede from the Union on 20 December 1860, starting the American Civil War - 1651-1774 Colonial period of South Carolina
Native American tribes in South Carolina: Native American tribes in South Carolina - Native American history of South Carolina
Since the 1600s and early 1700s slavery in the American Southeast: Native Americans living in the American Southeast were enslaved through warfare and purchased by English and French colonists throughout the 1600s and early 1700s, as well as held captive through Spanish-organized forced labor regimes in Florida. Emerging colonies in Virginia, Carolina (later, North and South Carolina), and Georgia imported Native Americans and incorporated them into chattel slavery systems, where they intermixed with slaves of African descent, who would come outnumber them
African slaves in the Province of Carolina: African slaves in the Province of Carolina - African-American history of South Carolina
1861-1865 South Carolina in the American Civil War: South Carolina in the American Civil War 1861-1865
Economy and agriculture of South Carolina: Economy of South Carolina - Agriculture in South Carolina - Plantations in South Carolina - List of plantations in South Carolina
Demographics and society of South Carolina: Demographics of South Carolina - Ethnic groups in South Carolina - African Americans in South Carolina - South Carolina society
Education in South Carolina: Education in South Carolina
Politics of South Carolina: Politics of South Carolina
Elections in South Carolina: Elections in South Carolina
2020 South Carolina elections: 2020 South Carolina elections - 3 November 2020 USA presidential election in South Carolina
Crime in South Carolina: Crime in South Carolina
Lynching deaths in South Carolina: Lynching deaths in South Carolina
Violence and deaths by firearm in South Carolina: Violence in South Carolina - Deaths by firearm in South Carolina
8 February 1968 Orangeburg massacre: 8 February 1968 Orangeburg massacre, the shooting of protesters by South Carolina Highway Patrol officers in South Carolina State University campus, as approximately 200 protesters had previously demonstrated against racial segregation and 3 of the protestors, African-American males, were killed and twenty-seven other protesters were injured
17 June 2015 Charleston church massacre: 17 June 2015 Charleston church massacre, a mass shooting in South Carolina, in which 9 African Americans were killed during a Bible study at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, as among those killed was the senior pastor, and as this church is one of the oldest black churches in the USA, for long a center for organizing related to civil rights
Law and legal history of South Carolina: South Carolina law - Legal history of South Carolina
Gun laws in South Carolina: Gun laws in South Carolina
South Carolina state courts: South Carolina state courts
Colorado state: Colorado state in the Mountain West region of the USA, encompassing most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains, with an estimated population of 5,758,736 inhabitants in 2019, an increase of 14.5% since the 2010 census, after the region has been inhabited by Native Americans for more than 13,000 years, with the Lindenmeier Site containing artifacts dating from approximately 9200 BCE to 1000 BCE, and as the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains was a major migration route for early peoples who spread throughout the Americas
Geography of Colorado: Geography of Colorado - Landforms of Colorado - Landforms of Colorado by county - Lists of landforms of Colorado
Water in Colorado: Water in Colorado - Rivers of Colorado
'Prehistory' of Colorado: 'Prehistory' of Colorado, as period immediately preceding the first humans coming into Colorado was the Ice Age Summer starting about 16,000 years ago, and as sites for the early Paleo-Indian period are found on the plains (eastern half of the state), but later in the period, there are sites found in both the mountains and plains of Colorado
History of Colorado and Native Americans, European settlers' gold rush and state since 1876: History of Colorado, as human history of the region extends back more than 14,000 years, first inhabited by Native American people by archaeological sites with artifacts dating from approximately 8710 BCE, before explorers, early trappers, hunters, and gold miners visited and settled in Colorado, and westward expansion brought European settlers to the area and Colorado's recorded - by Europeans - history began with treaties and wars with Mexico and American Indian nations to gain territorial lands to support the transcontinental migration, as in the early days of the Colorado gold rush, Colorado was a Territory of Kansas and Jefferson until on 1 August 1876, the region was admitted as a state, maintaining its territorial borders
Economy of Colorado: Economy of Colorado, as in the second half of the 20th century, the industrial and service sectors have expanded greatly, and the state's economy is diversified and is notable for its concentration of scientific research and high-technology industries, as other industries include food processing, transportation equipment, machinery, chemical products, minerals such as gold and molybdenum, and tourism, and as Denver is an important financial center
Politics of Colorado: Politics of Colorado
Elections in Colorado: Elections in Colorado
3 November 2020 Colorado elections: 3 November 2020 Colorado elections
Timeline of Colorado: Timeline of Colorado history
Timeline of Colorado before 1492: Timeline of Colorado history before 1492
c. 4900 BCE Paleoamericans camp at the Magic Mountain Site near Golden: c. 4900 BCE Paleoamericans camp at the Magic Mountain Site near Golden
1276–1299 CE prolonged drought forces many Ancestral Puebloans to migrate southeast into the Rio Grande Valley: 1276–1299 CE prolonged drought on the Colorado Plateau forces many Ancestral Puebloans to migrate southeast into the Rio Grande Valley
1300–1525 CE Jicarilla Apache migrate from Alaska and Northwestern Canada: 1300–1525 CE Jicarilla Apache migrate to the southern extent of the Rocky Mountains from Alaska and Northwestern Canada
Since 1858 the Colorado Gold Rush: Pike's Peak Gold Rush - later known as the Colorado Gold Rush - was the boom in gold prospecting and mining in the Pike's Peak Country of western Kansas Territory and southwestern Nebraska Territory that began in July 1858 and lasted until roughly the creation of the Colorado Territory in February 1861, as an estimated 100,000 gold seekers took part in one of the greatest gold rushes in North American history
Since 1859 City of Golden: City of Golden, the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat of Jefferson County, situated along Clear Creek at the base of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, and founded during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush in June 1859, the mining camp was originally named 'Golden City' in honor of Thomas L. Golden
1917 following German empire's unrestricted submarine warfare USA joins allies of World War: 6 April 1917 the USA declares war on the German Empire and enters the Great War, following empire's unrestricted submarine warfare
28 February 2021 wite supremacist sentenced to nearly 20 years in plot to bomb Colorado synagogue: 28 February 2021: Richard Holzer, an avowed white supremacist, was sentenced in a federal courtroom in Denver on Friday to 19-1/2 years in prison after pleading guilty months ago to a federal hate-crimes case stemming from a botched plot to bomb a historic Colorado synagogue in 2019
64 counties in Colorado: List of 64 counties in Colorado - List of populated places in Colorado - List of municipalities in Colorado
271 Municipalities of the State of Colorado: 271 Municipalities of the State of Colorado
Denver city: Denver city and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous city of Colorado, located in the South Platte River Valley on the western edge of the High Plains just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, with an estimated population of 727,211 citizens in 2019, Denver is the 19th-most populous city in the USA, the fifth-most populous state capital, and the most populous city located in the Mountain states
Demographics of Denver: Demographics of Denver, as in 2010 the population of the city included 68.9% White (Non-Hispanic Whites 52.2%) citizens of Denver, Hispanic or Latino 31.8% (Mexican Americans made up 24.9% of the city's population), Black or African American 10.2%, Asian 3.4% (0.8% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.5% Indian, 0.3% Korean, 0.3% Japanese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Burmese, 0.1% Cambodian), Native American 1.4%, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.1%, some other race 9.2%, two or more races 4.1%
Economy of Denver: Economy of Denver
Government of Denver: Government of Denver
Arapahoe County: Arapahoe County, located in the state of Colorado, with a population of 572,003 citizens in 2010, as the county seat is Littleton, as the most populous city is Aurora, and as the county was named for the Arapaho Native American tribe, who once lived in the region
City of Aurora: City of Aurora, located immediately east of Denver and one of the principal cities of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood Area, as city's population was 325,078 in 2010 census, making it the third most populous city in the State of Colorado
Boulder city: Boulder city located at the base of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains 40 km northwest of Denver, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Boulder County, also home of the main campus of the University of Colorado, the state's largest university, as Boulder's population is estimated to be 105,673 as of 2019
Timeline of Boulder: Timeline of Boulder since 19th century
15 January 1859 gold discovered in region later called Colorado: 15 January 1859 gold is discovered in Colorado's Gold Hill, above Left Hand Canyon in NW Boulder
Since 1861 Colorado territory in the wake of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush: Since 1861 Colorado territory was organized in the wake of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush of 1858–1861, which brought the first large concentration of white settlement to the region
Since 1870 Denver and Boulder Valley Railroad: 1870 Denver and Boulder Valley Railroad begins operating, as Boulder's population increased to 323 citizens
Since 1902 University of Colorado Museum of Natural History: Since 1902 University of Colorado Museum of Natural History
1941 Civic Symphony Orchestra founded, 1942 USA Navy School of Oriental Languages moves from California to Boulder: 1941 Boulder's Civic Symphony Orchestra founded, 1942 USA Navy School of Oriental Languages moves from California to Boulder and begins training recruits to the USA Navy and the Marine Corps in Japanese
Since 1944 Museum of Boulder: Since 1944 Museum of Boulder
Since 1948 University of Colorado's 'Conference on World Affairs': Since 1948 Conference on World Affairs, an annual conference, open to the public, featuring panel discussions among experts in international affairs and other areas, hosted by the University of Colorado Boulder
Since 2012 National Institute of Standards and Technology facility in Boulder: Since 2012 National Institute of Standards and Technology facility in Boulder
August 2018 Boulder bans assault weapons, bump stocks, large magazines: 13 August 2018: Boulder city has banned the sale and possession of assault weapons, bump stocks and high-capacity magazines
22 March 2021 Boulder shooting: 22 March 2021 mass shooting at a King Soopers supermarket in Boulder, as ten people - including Boulder police officer Eric Talley responding to the attack - were killed by a murder using an AR-15 style rifle, and as the suspected perpetrator was injured and transported to a nearby hospital - 25 March 2021: As mass shootings bring fresh attention to USA gun violence, as figures reveal 4,000 more murders took place in 2020 - the last comlete year of Trump's presence in the White House - than the year before
Colorado Springs city: City of Colorado Springs, the county seat and the most populous municipality of El Paso County, as Colorado Springs is the second most populous city and the most extensive city in the State of Colorado, located in east central Colorado, on Fountain Creek, 97 km south of Denver
Economy of Colorado Springs: Economy of Colorado Springs, driven primarily by the military, the high-tech industry, and tourism, in that order, also experiencing growth in the service sectors, as city's unemployment rate as of October 2015 was 3.9%, a decrease from 4.8% in October 2014 and 7.3% in November 2013, compared to 3.8% for the state[62] and 5.0% for the nation
Timeline of Colorado Springs since 19th century: Timeline of Colorado Springs since 19th century
1871 Colorado Springs Company founded: 1871 Colorado Springs Company founded by William Jackson Palmer
City of Pueblo: City of Pueblo, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Pueblo County, as city'a population was 106,595 in 2010, making it the 9th largest in Colorado, as Pueblo is also the principal city of the Pueblo–Cañon City, CO Combined Statistical Area totaling approximately 208,000 people - Demographics of Pueblo - Since 1933 Colorado State University–Pueblo - Media in Pueblo
Economy of Pueblo: Economy and renewable energy of Pueblo
History and timeline of Pueblo: History and timeline of Pueblo
20th century Pueblo the most ethnically and culturally diverse city in the region: In the early 20th century due to the growth of an important steel mill and the employment that it offered, Pueblo attracted a large number of immigrant laborers, as the groups represented led to Pueblo becoming the most ethnically and culturally diverse city in Colorado and the West, and at one point, more than 40 languages were spoken in the steel mill and more than two-dozen foreign language newspapers were published in the city, as Irish, Italian, German, Slovenian, Greek, Jewish, Lithuanian, Russian, Hungarian, Japanese, and African-American groups arrived in the area at the turn of the century and remain to the present time, and the convergence of cultures led to a cosmopolitan character to the city that resulted in a number of ethnically-rooted neighborhoods that are typically not seen west of the Mississippi
Crime in Colorado: Crime in Colorado
Violence and deaths by firearm in Colorado: - Deaths by firearm in Colorado
20 July 2012 mass shooting inside movie theater: 20 July 2012 mass shooting inside a Century 16 movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight screening of a film, with several weapons including two tear gas grenades, a Smith & Wesson M&P15 Sport, a Remington 870 Express Tactical 12-gauge shotgun and a Glock 22 Gen4 handgun - July 2015 verdict and sentencing of the mass murderer, sentenced to life in prison
Law of Colorado: Law of Colorado
Judiciary and courts of Colorado: Judiciary of Colorado and courts
Environment of Colorado: Environment of Colorado
Connecticut state: Connecticut, today the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern USA
Native American tribes in Connecticut: Native American tribes in Connecticut - Native American history of Connecticut
May 1637 Mystic river massacre committed by colonial English troops: 26 May 1637 'Mystic massacre' during the colonial war against the Pequot people, when English settlers under Captain Mason and allies set fire to a fortified Pequot village near the Mystic River, shooting any people who tried to escape the wooden palisade fortress and killing the entire village in retaliation for alleged previous Pequot attacks, the only Pequot survivors were warriors who had been with their sachem Sassacus in a raiding party outside the village - 1637 Mystic river massacre listed as genocide in Rebecca Joyce Frey's 'Genocide and International Justice', published in 2009
Since 1636 and 1663 history of colonial Connecticut: 1636-1638 Pequot War, the first serious armed conflict in the colonial English war against the American indigenous peoples in 'New England' - Since 1663 History of colonial Connecticut, as three distinct settlements of Puritans from Massachusetts and England combined under a single royal charter
Military and military history in Connecticut: Military in Connecticut - Military history of Connecticut - Colonial forts in Connecticut - Connecticut militia - Connecticut National Guard
American Indian reservations in Connecticut: American Indian reservations in Connecticut - Native American museums in Connecticut
Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation, Mohegan and Schaghticoke Tribe: Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation, a federally recognized Native American nation in Connecticut, descended from the Pequot people, an Algonquian-language tribe that dominated the southern New England coastal areas, survivors are living today in a reservation in Ledyard in New London County - Mohegan Tribe, a federally recognized tribe and sovereign tribal nation of Mohegan people living in the Mohegan Indian Reservation, located on the Thames River in Uncasville in Connecticut
1666 and 1983 Connecticut Indian Land Claims Settlement: 1983 Connecticut Indian Land Claims Settlement was an Indian Land Claims Settlement passed by the USA Congress, ending a lawsuit by the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe to recover 800 acres of their 1666 reservation in Ledyard in Connecticut, after the state sold this property in 1855 without gaining ratification by the Senate - Schaghticoke, a Native American tribe of the Eastern Woodlands who historically consisted of Mahican, Potatuck, Weantinock, Tunxis, Podunk, and their descendants, peoples indigenous to what is now New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts, the remnant tribes amalgamated in the area near the Connecticut-New York border after many losses
Demographics, economy and society in Connecticut: Demographics, economy and society in Connecticut
Economy of Connecticut: Economy of Connecticut
Since March 2020 impact of the covid-19 pandemic on Connecticut's economy: 2020 impact of the covid-19 pandemic on Connecticut's economy, employment and unemployment
Labor relations in Connecticut: Labor relations in Connecticut
Politics of Connecticut: Politics of Connecticut
Elections in Connecticut: Elections in Connecticut
2020 Connecticut elections: 2020 Connecticut elections - 3 November 2020 USA presidential election in Connecticut
Education in Connecticut: Education in Connecticut
Schools in Connecticut: Schools in Connecticut - Connecticut Commission for Child Support Guidelines
Universities and colleges in Connecticut: Universities and colleges in Connecticut - List of colleges and universities in Connecticut
Yale University: Yale University in New Haven since 1701 - Yale Law School - Secret societies at Yale - Delta Kappa Epsilon, commonly known as DKE or Deke, is one of the oldest North American fraternities founded at Yale College in 1844, and controversies
September 2018: 30 September 2018: Yale students condemn Kavanaugh case as 'symptom of a larger problem', as across the campus outdoor bulletin boards are plastered with the same message 'We believe Dr Christine Blasey Ford'
Health in Connecticut: Health in Connecticut
Disasters and man-made disasters in Connecticut: Disasters and man-made disasters in Connecticut
6 July 1944 Hartford circus fire: 6 July 1944 Hartford circus fire, one of the worst fire disasters in USA history during an afternoon performance of circus that was attended by 6,000 to 8,000 people, mostly women and children, killing 167 people and injuring more than 700, after the circus had been experiencing shortages of personnel and equipment as a result of the country's involvement in World War II
Infectious diseases in Connecticut: Infectious disease deaths in Connecticut - Disease-related deaths in Connecticut
Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Connecticut: Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Connecticut, as of June 20 there were 45,715 cases and 4,251 deaths in the state
Healthcare in Connecticut: Healthcare in Connecticut - Hospitals in Connecticut
Crime in Connecticut: Crime in Connecticut
December 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting: 14 December 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting - International und USA reactions to the 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting - Gun control debate and proposals after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting - Since 2013 'Americans' (USA citizens) for Responsible Solutions, gun control advocacy organisation - 13/14 December 2017: Families honor Sandy Hook victims five years later, as USA senator Chris Murphy says he regrets that the Sandy Hook massacre has been followed by five years of political inaction, and that he finds it difficult to face victim’s families
Law and legal history of Connecticut: Connecticut law - Legal history of Connecticut - Gun laws in Connecticut
Judiciary and courthouses in Connecticut: Judiciary in Connecticut - Courthouses in Connecticut - List of county courthouses in Connecticut - List of USA federal courthouses in Connecticut
November 2017 Sandy Hook school shooting case: 14 November 2017: A lawyer for the family members of victims of the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting argued gun companies were negligent to market a dangerous military-style weapon to civilians in court on Tuesday
Law enforcement in Connecticut: Law enforcement in Connecticut
Environment of Connecticut: Environment of Connecticut - Natural history of Connecticut
Natural disasters in Connecticut: Natural disasters in Connecticut
Florida state and history of Florida: Florida, southeastern state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean - History of Florida
Native American history of Florida: Native American history of Florida - Native American tribes in Florida
18th century indigenous peoples of Florida largely died out under British rule: Indigenous peoples of Florida lived in what is now known as Florida for more than 12,000 years before the time of first contact with Europeans, but have largely died out with some completely by the early 18th century
Since 1763 disappearence of Tequesta Native American tribe under British rule: Tequesta Native American tribe, at the time of first European contact, occupied an area along the southeastern Atlantic coast of Florida, living in the region since the 3rd century BCE and remaining for roughly 2,000 years, but disappeared by the time that Spanish Florida was traded to the British, who then established the area as part of the province of East Florida since 1763 - Since 1763 British colony 'East Florida'
Since 17th century Apalachicola people of Native Americans ultimately destroyed as a culture: Apalachicola people of Native Americans related to the Muscogee people, who spoke a Muskogean language related to Hitchiti, living along the Apalachicola River in present-day Florida, as the Apalachicola on their desperate way, allied with the Spanish during the 17th century against the English, were ultimately destroyed as a culture becoming extinct as a tribe
21st century Miccosukee and Seminole tribes: In the 21st century the only federally recognized tribes in Florida are the Miccosukee, emerging by ethnogenesis from the migrations into Florida and wars with the USA, receiving federal recognition in 1962, and the Seminole, also emerging from wars with the USA, following USA's 1830 Indian Removal Act - Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, 400 enrolled members in the 1990s - Seminole Tribe of Florida, 4,100 enrolled members in 2018
History of slavery in Florida: History of slavery in Florida, as slavery in Florida began under Spanish rule, continued under British, USA and Confederate rule, and as some of the characteristics of slavery continued later under sharecropping, convict leasing, vagrancy laws and conditions approximating slavery are found among marginal immigrant populations, especially migrant farm workers
African-American history of Florida: African-American history of Florida - African Americans in Florida, residents who are of African American ancestry, as of the 2010 census African Americans were 16.6% of Florida's population
Demographics of Florida: Demographics of Florida, as the state has one of the largest African-American populations in the USA, the second-highest Latino population on the East Coast outside of New York state, and its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s
Geography and economy of Florida: Geography and economy of Florida, as the 5 largest sectors of employment in Florida are trade, transportation and utilities, government and administration, professional and business services, education and health service - Manufacturing companies based in Florida - Labor relations in Florida - Labor disputes in Florida
Energy in Florida: Energy in Florida - Power stations in Florida
Transportation in Florida: Transportation in Florida - Water transportation in Florida - Ports and harbors of Florida - Rail transportation in Florida - Aviation in Florida
Agriculture and fishing in Florida: Agriculture and fishing in Florida, as agriculture is the second largest industry in the state
Plantations in Florida: Plantations in Florida - Cotton plantations in Florida - Sugar plantations in Florida - Florida Citrus Mutual - Florida wine
History of slavery in Florida: History of slavery in Florida, as slavery in Florida began under Spanish rule, continued under British, USA and Confederate rule, and as some of the characteristics of slavery continued later under sharecropping, convict leasing, vagrancy laws and conditions approximating slavery are found among marginal immigrant populations, especially migrant farm workers
Since 1993 Florida farmworkers and coalition of Immokalee Workers: Florida farmworkers and human trafficking in Florida - Since 1993 Coalition of Immokalee Workers, based in Immokalee in Florida, a worker-based human rights organization internationally recognized for its achievements in the fields of social responsibility, human trafficking, and gender-based violence at work
April 2003 exploitation of workers: 28 April 2003: Migrant workers are usually employed by labor contractors, who provide crews to tend and harvest crops for local farmers, as about 90% of South Florida’s laborers are new each season and workers are reluctant to discuss abusive situations with employers, much less with bolillos, or white Americans, for fear of losing their jobs and being labelled troublemakers
Tourism and visitor attractions in Florida: Tourism in Florida - Visitor attractions in Florida - Magic Kingdom Park, the first-built of the four theme parks at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake in Florida - 'Magic Kingdom's' theme land 'Frontierland', concering the period falsifying called the 'Wild West' with 'cowboys' and 'Indians', the USA's ruthless expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in 1912 - Frontierland Shootin' Arcade
2016: 16 June 2016: Body of two-year-old attacked and dragged into water by alligator at Disney World resort in Florida recovered from a man made lake - 16 July 2016: Walt Disney World intern Shannon Sullivan reinstated after she was fired for tweeting a photo of a sign telling employees how to hide the truth and to respond to questions about alligators in the theme park’s waters at Disney World
Politics of Florida: Politics of Florida - Constitution of Florida - Political parties in Florida
Politics and elections in Florida: Elections in Florida
February/March 2018 school shooting survivors take NRA and politicians to task: 22 February 2018: Florida school shooting survivors take NRA and politicians to task, after Trump said he considers proposal to arm school teachers in an attempt to prevent mass shootings
8 March 2018 armed teachers in classrooms: 8 March 2018: Florida’s lawmakers narrowly passed a controversial gun bill that would allow armed teachers in the state’s classrooms, three weeks to the day after the Marjory Stoneman Douglas high school massacre in which 17 people were killed
31 March 2018 school shooting survivors faced personal attacks: 31 March 2018: In the week since they organized a worldwide protest against gun violence, student survivors of the shooting in Parkland have faced personal attacks and accusations that they want to repeal the second amendment
2 May 2019 guns in classrooms: 2 May 2019: Voting 65-47 Florida approves bill allowing teachers to carry guns in classrooms, despite widespread opposition from scientists, campaigners, teachers, parents and students - 10 May 2019: None of Florida’s largest school districts plan to allow teachers to carry weapons, according to 'The Guardian'
3 November 2020 USA presidential and Florida state elections: 3 November 2020 USA presidential and Florida state elections, as aside from its presidential primaries held on 17 March 17, its primary elections were held on 18 August 18, and as in addition to the USA presidential race, Florida voters elected all of its seats to the USA House of Representatives, one seat on the Florida Supreme Court, 25 of 65 seats on the Florida District Courts of Appeal, all of the seats of the Florida House of Representatives, and 21 of 40 seats in the Florida Senate
21 January 2021 'Proud Boys' organizer Joe Biggs arrested for 6 January deadly storming the USA Capitol: 21 January 2021: 'Proud Boys' organizer Joe Biggs linked to 'InfoWars' staff arrested for storming the USA Capitol on 6 January
30 April 2021 Florida's legislature has passed tight new voting restrictions: 30 April 2021: The Florida legislature has passed tight new voting restrictions, placing the crucial swing state at the forefront of a nationwide wave of Republican efforts to suppress turnout on the back of Trump’s lie that the 2020 election was stolen from him, as the bill, which closely mirrors similar Republican ploys in Georgia and Michigan, is likely to make it more difficult for millions of voters to have their democratic say
30 April 2021 head of Florida school district home to Parkland shooting resigns amid corruption inquiry: 30 April 2021: The head of the Florida school district that saw the nation’s deadliest high school shooting is standing down amid a secretive corruption inquiry and competing claims that his downfall was orchestrated by political foes who blame him for the loss of 17 lives, as Robert Runcie, superintendent of the Broward school district for nine years, confirmed his resignation on Thursday
2022 Florida elections: 2022 Florida elections, including 2022 Florida Commissioner of Agriculture election, 2022 Florida Attorney General election, 2022 Florida Chief Financial Officer election, 2022 Florida gubernatorial election, 2022 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida, and 2022 United States Senate election in Florida
Social movements and protests in Florida: Protests in Florida
Since May 2020 pro-democracy George Floyd protests in Florida: Since May 2020 George Floyd protests in Florida against his killing by police and against police brutality, institutional racism against African Americans, economic, racial, and social inequality in Florida, as protests were organized and took place in North and central Florida in many county seats, cities, and towns, and in South Florida, including the state's Palm Beach County, its Broward County, its Miami-Dade County, its Miami-Dade County, its Collier County, and its Lee County
Cities in Florida: Cities in Florida - Cities in Florida by county - Histories of cities in Florida - Economies by city in Florida - Ports and harbors of the Florida Atlantic coast - Ports and harbors of the Florida Gulf coast
Miami city: Miami city, the cultural, economic and financial center of South Florida and the seat of Miami-Dade County, covering an area of about 150 km2 between the Everglades to the west and Biscayne Bay to the east, with an estimated 2018 population of 470,914 inhabitants as Miami metropolitan area is home to 6.1 million people - Education in Miami
Miami-Dade County and demographics: Miami-Dade County, located in the southeastern part of the state of Florida, with a population of 2,716,940 in 2019, making it the most populous county in Florida, also Florida's third largest county in terms of land area, aws the county seat is Miami, the principal city in South Florida, and as Miami-Dade County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,198,782 people in 2018, as the northern, central and eastern portions of the county are heavily urbanized with many high-rise buildings along the coastline, but as Southern Miami-Dade County includes the Redland and Homestead areas, which make up the agricultural economy of the region with agricultural Redland making up roughly one third of Miami-Dade County's inhabited land area in stark contrast to the densely populated, urban northern portion of the county, and as - by population - Miami-Dade is the largest majority-minority county in the USA with over 69.4% of the population being of Hispanic and Latino descent - History of Miami-Dade County in Florida - Demographics of Miami-Dade County
History of Miami region - for thousands of years inhabited by Tequestas, a native American tribe: History of Miami region, as for thousands of years before Europeans arrived large parts of south east Florida, including the area where Miami exists today, was inhabited by Tequestas, a native American tribe, as Miami is named after the Mayaimi native American tribe
Demographics of Miami: Demographics of Miami, as city is home to less than one-thirteenth of the population of South Florida, but the Miami metropolitan area, which includes Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach counties, had a combined population of more than 5.5 million people, ranked seventh largest in the USA - Demographics of Miami Beach, as of 2010, those of Hispanic or Latino ancestry accounted for 53.0% of Miami Beach's population, and as out of the 53.0%, 20.0% were Cuban, 4.9% Colombian, 4.6% Argentine, 3.7% Puerto Rican, 2.4% Peruvian, 2.1% Venezuelan, 1.8% Mexican, and more
Economy, companies and transportation of and in Miami: Economy of Miami, a major center of commerce and finance - List of companies based in Miami and the Miami metropolitan area - Manufacturing companies based in Miami - Transportation in Miami and South Florida
Port of Miami: Port of Miami, the largest passenger port in the world, headquartering many of the world's largest cruise companies, and one of the largest cargo ports in the USA
Politcs and government of Miami-Dade County and of Miami city: Politcs and government of Miami - List of mayors of Miami - Government of Miami-Dade County - List of mayors of Miami-Dade County, Florida
Mayoral elections in Miami-Dade County in Florida: Mayoral elections in Miami-Dade County in Florida
2 November 2020 Miami-Dade County mayoral election: 2 November 2020 Miami-Dade County mayoral election
Mayoral elections in Miami city: Mayoral elections in Miami
2 November 2021 Miami mayoral election: 2 November 2021 Miami mayoral election
Timeline of Miami since 1870: Timeline of Miami since 1870, after a trading post was established on the south side of the Miami River
1870 trading post on the south side of the Miami River: In 1870 William Brickell, who formerly worked as an aide to president Abraham Lincoln, establishes a trading post on the south side of the Miami River at 'Coconut Grove', amid flourishing coconut production - 1545-1940 chronology of Miami region, published in 1941 by Florida State Planning Board
Since 1925 University of Miami: Since 1925 University of Miami
19 February 1942 a German empire's U-boat sank the the tanker 'Pan Massachusetts': 19 February 1942 a German empire's U-boat sank the the tanker 'Pan Massachusetts' twenty miles south of Cape Canaveral, as the ship was carrying one hundred thousand barrels of gasoline, and its sinking illustrated to South Floridians that the war in Europe had crossed the Atlanic
24 February 1942 a German empire's U-boat sank the 'Republic' off West Palm Beach: 24 February 1942 a German empire's U-boat sank the 'Republic' off West Palm Beach, coming only five days after the sinking of another ship off Cape Canaveral
1944 during Germany's WWII steps in greater political participation for all Florida blacks: 1944 Miami city hired its first black police officers, as they were only assigned to patrol in areas where blacks lived, but then six blacks were allowed to vote on the Democratic ticket at a precinct in Tallahassee, as this was the first step in greater political participation for all Florida blacks, including those in Miami, and as since early June 1944 USA black soldiers participated at the liberation of Europe, committing their life also for European citizens today
Since 1952 Museum of Science and Natural History: Since 1952 Museum of Science and Natural History in Miami
28-30 May 2021 Miami-area mass shootings, also using assault rifles targeting concertgoers: On 30 May 2021 mass shooting in Hialeah, Miami-Dade County - 30 May 2021: At least two people were killed and more than 20 injured in Miami early on Sunday as attackers opened fire on concertgoers outside a banquet hall, as police said the shooting happened in the Hialeah area and as three people got out of a white SUV and began firing on a line outside the El Mula banquet hall, using assault rifles and a handgun, the city’s second deadly mass shooting in little more than 24 hours, after Memorial Day weekend began violently late Friday night when seven people were shot, one fatally, during a drive-by shooting on the street outside a rented party space on property that borders Overtown and Wynwood
24/25 June 2021 Surfside condominium building collapse: 24 June 2021 Surfside condominium building collapse, as at about 1:30 a.m. EDT 'Champlain Towers South', a 12-story beachfront condominium building in Miami's suburb of Surfside partially collapsed - 25 June 2021: Many people feared missing in rubble of collapsed condo in Surfside, as search continues, and as reason for collapse not yet known - 25 June 2021: As the USA woke up to news of the building collapse in Surfside, it quickly became clear that the disaster is also an American Jewish tragedy
26 June 2021 desperate search for 159 missing citizens in condo collapse: 26 June 2021: Desperate search for 159 missing citizens in condo collapse, as rescue crews digging into unstable rubble have been hampered by storms and fires in the mound of debris - 26 June 2021: Fire, smoke complicating rescue efforts to find survivors in Florida building collapse, 'Washington Post' reports live - 26 June 2021: Miami-Dade mayor Daniella Levine Cava orders audit of all buildings 40 years and older, 'New York Times' reports live
27 June 2021 death toll rises to nine in Surfside: 27 June 2021: Death toll rises to nine in Surfside as crews search pile for survivors, making progress against flames while questions asked about 2018 report on structural damage, as officials in Florida insisted there was still hope of finding survivors in the rubble of a collapsed oceanfront condo, as firefighters finally controlled a large blaze inside the wreckage that hampered 3 days of rescue efforts
28 June 2021 before the collapse Florida town official said Surfside's building was safe despite warning: 28 June 2021: Before the collapse Florida town official said Surfside's building was safe, despite warning after a 2018 inspection found major structural deterioration in the parking garage beneath the 40-year-old tower, though a Miami inspector told residents the building was 'in very good shape' - 28 June 2021: President Biden calls for federal investigation into Miami condo collapse, 'The Guardian' reports live
30 June 2021 families grieve victims lost to unimaginable in condo collapse: 30 June 2021: The names of Surfside condo disaster's victims from a wide range of nationalities have so far come at a slow yet steady trickle, but behind each of the names comes a story, of love and compassion, of family and deep friendships, and of a once tight-knit community in a south Florida condo block lost to the unimaginable
4 July 2021 Miami condo collapse reports reveal board’s long debate over repairs: 4 July 2021: 16 July 2021: 'The total number of confirmed deaths is now 97reports reveal board’s long debate over repairs, detailing long debate among condo board members at Champlain Towers South in Surfside over extensive and costly repairs the building was expected to undergo before it collapsed on 24 June, as condo death toll rises to 24 amid plans to demolish remaining structure, and with 124 people missing - 4 July 2021: Rescue crews made way for demolition teams as officials shifted their focus to bringing down the unstable remainder of the structure ahead of tropical storm Elsa
6 July 2021 following Miami condo collapse rescue effort threatened as tropical storm nears: 6 July 2021: Following Miami condo collapse rescue effort threatened as tropical storm nears, as death toll rises to 28 with 117 people unaccounted for, and as rescue crews expect another day of unsettled weather
16 July 2021 total number of confirmed deaths owed to Miami condo collapse is now 97: 16 July 2021: 'The total number of confirmed deaths is now 97, a staggering, heartbreaking loss of life', Miami-Dade County Mayor Daniella Levine Cava said, as efforts to recover human remains from the debris of a South Florida condo building are nearing
Fort Lauderdale city: Fort Lauderdale city 40 km north of Miami, the county seat and largest city of Broward County, with an estimated population of 182,437 citizens in 2019, as Fort Lauderdale is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,198,782 people in 2018
Demographics of 'Fort Lauderdale': Demographics of Fort Lauderdale, as of 2010 citizens of African ancestry accounted for 31.0% of Fort Lauderdale's population, which includes African Americans, as those of (non-Hispanic white) European ancestry accounted for 52.5%, those of Hispanic or Latino ancestry accounted for 13.7%, and those of Asian ancestry accounted for 1.5% of Fort Lauderdale's population, including 0.4% correctly called Indian, 0.3% Filipino, 0.1% Vietnamese and more
Economy and list of companies: Economy and list of companies based in Miami and Fort Lauderdale
List of mayors of Fort Lauderdale: Since 1912 list of mayors of Fort Lauderdale
Timeline of Fort Lauderdale: Timeline of Fort Lauderdale in Florida prior to and since 19th century
History of city's region prior to 1820: History of Fort Lauderdale prior to 1820, as archaeological evidence indicates that the first natives in the Broward County area arrived approximately 4,000 years ago, and as at the time of initial European exploration, the area was occupied by the Tequesta tribe of Native Americans, before contact by Spanish explorers and colonialists beginning in the 16th century proved disastrous for native tribes, including the Tequesta, as the Europeans unwittingly brought with them diseases to which the native populations possessed no resistance, coupled with continuing conflict with their Calusa neighbors, contributed greatly to their decline over the next two centuries
1835-1842 'Second Seminole War': 1835-1842 'Second Seminole War', a conflict in Florida between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the emerging USA, part of a series of conflicts, as the 'Second Seminole War', often referred to as the Seminole War, is regarded as the longest and most costly of the 'Indian' conflicts - pushing back and destroying Native American culture - of the USA
Since 1885 Florida East Coast Railway: Since 1885 Florida East Coast Railway
September 1926 Miami hurricane: September 1926 Miami hurricane, a large and intense tropical cyclone that devastated the Greater Miami area and caused extensive damage in the Bahamas and the USA Gulf Coast
Since 1941 Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport: Since 1941 Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport, a division of the Transportation and Mobility Department of the city, built in 1941 to train Naval Aviators during World War II and named West Prospect Satellite Field
Since 1948 Broward County International Airport following WWII: Since 1948 Broward County International Airport following WWII
Since 1950 War Memorial Auditorium in Fort Lauderdale: Since 1950 War Memorial Auditorium in Fort Lauderdale
1963 Fort Lauderdale High School - since 1899 - built: 1963 Fort Lauderdale High School - since 1899 - built
Since 1964 Nova Southeastern University: Since 1964 Nova Southeastern University
Since October 2002 African-American Research Library, Cultural Center: Since October 2002 African-American Research Library and Cultural Center in Fort Lauderdale, a branch of the Broward County Library - List of museums in Broward County
January 2017 Fort Lauderdale airport shooting: 6 January 2017 Fort Lauderdale airport shooting, a mass shooting at Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport in Broward County near the baggage claim, as 5 people were killed, 6 others were injured and about 36 people sustained injuries in the ensuing panic, after the shooting former National Guard member Esteban Santiago-Ruiz used a Walther PPS 9mm semi-automatic pistol
Homestead city: Homestead city within Miami-Dade County, primarily a Miami suburb and a major agricultural area, and a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people in 2015 - Demographics of Homestead
Timeline of Homestead: History and timeline of Homestead, after the settlement was incorporated in 1913, now the second oldest city in Miami-Dade County next to the city of Miami
July 2019 Homestead migrant facility a human rights violation: 18 July 2019: Homestead migrant facility called a human rights violation, as activists rally in Homestead to show their concern for children being held in facilities, separate from their immigrant families, and rights group demands closure
Jacksonville city: Jacksonville city, the most populous city in Florida, as of 2019 Jacksonville's population was estimated to be 911,507 citizens, as Jacksonville metropolitan area has a population of 1,523,615 citizens and is the fourth largest metropolitan area in Florida - History of Jacksonville in Florida since ancient times, as archaeological evidence indicates 6,000 years of human habitation in the area
Timeline of Jacksonville since 1564: Timeline of Jacksonville since 1564
Since 1917 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Jacksonville chapter: In 1917 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Jacksonville chapter established
Since October 1940 Naval Air Station Jacksonville: Since October 1940 Naval Air Station Jacksonville, a large naval air station located approximately 13 km south of the central business district of Jacksonville, after during World War I, the area now occupied by NAS Jacksonville was commissioned in October 1917, as the USA Army trained quartermasters, and as the Florida National Guard began using the site in 1928
Since 1953 Mathews Bridge in Jacksonville: Since 1953 Mathews Bridge, a cantilever bridge in Jacksonville, which spans the St. Johns River, bringing traffic along the Arlington Expressway between downtown Jacksonville and the Arlington neighborhood
August 1960 'Ax Handle Saturday' as white men attacked African Americans: August 1960 'Ax Handle Saturday', a racially motivated attack that took place in Jacksonville, as a group of white men of ku kux Klan members attacked African Americans who were engaging in sit-in protests opposing racial segregation during the emerging civil rights movement, as the attack took its name from the ax handles used by the attackers, and as police had not intervened when the protesters were attacked, much more arresting members of the Boomerangs and other black residents who attempted to stop the beatings - Aftermath of the 'Ax Handle Saturday'
Tampa city: Tampa city in Hillsborough County, located on the west coast of Florida on Tampa Bay near the Gulf of Mexico, as Tampa with an estimated population of 399,700 citizens in 2019 is the third-largest city in Florida after Miami and Jacksonville, its bay's port is the largest in the state
Education in Tampa: Education in Tampa
Economy of Tampa: Economy of Tampa - Companies based in Tampa
Port Tampa Bay: Tampa Bay, a large natural harbor and shallow estuary connected to the Gulf of Mexico on the west central coast of Florida, as the largest freshwater inflow into the bay is the Hillsborough River, which flows into Hillsborough Bay in downtown Tampa, and as many other smaller rivers and streams also flow into Tampa Bay, resulting in a large watershed area - Port Tampa Bay, the largest port in the state of Florida approximately 25 sea miles from the Gulf of Mexico, as the port serves container ships, tank ships, and cruise lines, ranking 16th in the USA by tonnage in domestic trade, 32nd in foreign trade, and 22nd in total trade with an economic impact of more than $15.1 billion, and supporting over 80,000 jobs
Tampa Bay area, a major populated area surrounding Tampa Bay: Tampa Bay area, a major populated area surrounding Tampa Bay on the west coast of Florida, including the main cities of Tampa, St. Petersburg, and Clearwater, as it is the eighteenth largest metropolitan area in the USA with an estimated population of over three million citizens
Politics and list of mayors of Tampa since 1856: Politics and list of mayors of Tampa since 1856
March/April 2019 Tampa mayoral election: 5 March - 23 April 2019 Tampa mayoral election, won by Democrat Jane Castor
Timeline of Tampa since 19th century: Timeline of Tampa since 19th century
June/July 1862 Battle of Tampa, during the American Civil War: June/July 1862 Battle of Tampa, during the American Civil War fought between the United States Navy and a Confederate artillery company charged with protecting the port of Tampa
October 1863 Battle of Fort Brooke: October 1863 Battle of Fort Brooke, fought in and around Tampa during the American Civil War, as the most important outcome was the destruction of two Confederate blockade runners which had been hidden upstream on the Hillsborough River
Since 1917 during World War I Tampa Free Public Library: Since 1917 during World War I Tampa Free Public Library, also known as the Exceptional Children Education Center, in the Tampa Heights neighborhood of Tampa
Since 1939 during World War II MacDill USA Air Force Base: Since 1939 during World War II MacDill USA Air Force Base
Since 1995 Florida Aquarium: Since 1995 Florida Aquarium, a not-for-profit organization, publicly operated institution located in Tampa, as it is a large scale 23,000 m2 aquarium accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, meaning they are a leader in conservation and education, supporting programs for wildlife and having a strong educational component in the forms of summer camps, school trips, etc. The facility is home to more than 7,000 aquatic plants and animals from Florida and all over the world
Florida society: Florida society
Demographics of Florida: Demographics of Florida, as the state located in the southeastern region of the USA has a population of over 21 million inhabitants
Ethnic groups in Florida: Ethnic groups in Florida
Hispanics and Latinos in Florida: Hispanics and Latinos in Florida, as of the 2010 USA Census, Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 23.2% of the state's population, and Hispanics in Florida accounted for 4.3 million or 8% of the USA Hispanic population - Hispanic and Latino American culture in Florida
African-American history of Florida: African-American history of Florida - African Americans in Florida, residents who are of African American ancestry, as of the 2010 census African Americans were 16.6% of Florida's population - African-American museums in Florida
Jews and Judaism in Florida: Jews and Judaism in Florida
Crime in Florida: Crime in Florida
Violence and deaths by firearms in Florida: Violence in Florida - Deaths by firearms in Florida
18 August 1916 (and April 2019 remembrance) Newberry Six lynchings in Alachua County: 18 August 1916 Newberry Six lynchings in Alachua County, as in 2019 a marker was unveiled in remembrance of the atrocity of the lynchings and to acknowledge the brave, black men and women who were unjustly murdered - 28 April 2021: In Jonesville not far from where slaves once picked cotton at Dudley Plantation, perhaps the most egregious case of crime and misjustice in Alachua County’s history was memorialized on Saturday more than 100 years after a mob of whites lynched several blacks, an important step and event to resist current violence and to oppose impunity
2016 Orlando nightclub shooting: June 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting
June 2017 Orlando factory shooting: June 2017 Orlando factory shooting
February 2018 Douglas High School shooting: February 2018 Douglas High School shooting, when gunman using a semi-automatic rifle, opened fire at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, killing seventeen students and staff members and injuring seventeen others - 16 février 2018: Le tueur de Floride est un amateur d'armes d'extrême droite
July 2019 outside Florida synagogue drive-by shooting: 29 July 2019: Jewish man injured outside Florida synagogue in drive-by shooting, as Miami detectives were investigating the shooting as a possible hate crime - 31 July 2019; After shooting, Florida Jews say they ‘no longer feel comfortable’ in synagogue
Environment and environmental issues in Florida: Environment of Florida - Environmental issues in Florida - Water in Florida - Ecoregions of Florida - Protected areas of Florida
Natural disasters in Florida: Natural disasters in Florida - Hurricanes in Florida - Tornadoes in Florida
September 2017 Hurricane Irma: September 2017 Hurricane Irma - 10 September 2017: Tornado warning issued for Florida amid record rain as Hurricane Irma approaches and poor Miami waits and hopes - 11 September 2017: The horrific scale of Hurricane Irma’s trail of devastation across Florida has becoming evident as the remnants of the most powerful storm in Atlantic history limped north
October 2018 Hurricane Michael: October 2018 Hurricane Michael - 13 octobre 2018: L'ouragan Michael, qui a laissé dans son sillage des scènes de désolation en Floride, a fait au moins 17 morts, et les autorités craignaient que le bilan s'alourdisse encore alors que les opérations de sauvetage s'annonçaient longues
5 April 2021 Florida prepares for flood: 5 April 2021: Florida prepares for flood
Georgia state: Georgia state in the southeastern USA, began as a British colony in 1733 covering the area from South Carolina down to Spanish Florida and New France along Louisiana (New France), also bordering to the west towards the Mississippi River
Since 12,000 years Native Americans and Creek peopple: Creek peopple, also known as the Muskogee, Muscogee Creek, or the Muscogee Creek Confederacy, are a related group of indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands, as their original homelands are in what now comprises southern Tennessee, all of Alabama, western Georgia and part of northern Florida, and as since at least 12,000 years ago, Native Americans or Paleo-Indians lived in what is today the Southern USA
Native American tribes in Georgia: Native American tribes in Georgia
Since 1526 history of slavery in Georgia: History of slavery in Georgia, as first enslaved Africans arrived in 1526 with Spain empire's establishment of San Miguel de Gualdape on the current Georgia or Carolina coast, but rebelled and lived with indigenous people, destroying the colony in less than 2 months
Since 1732 province of Georgia part of British colonial America: Since 1732 Province of Georgia, one of the Southern colonies in British America and the last of the 13 original American colonies established by Great Britain in what later became the USA and granted by the British king George II, for whom the colony was named
History of slavery in Georgia: History of slavery in Georgia since invasion of colonial powers and occupation of Native American territories
African-American history of Georgia: African-American history of Georgia
Later history and economy of Georgia: History and economy of Georgia - industrial products in Georgia include textiles and apparel, transportation equipment, food processing, paper products, chemicals and products, and electric equipment - List of gold mines in Georgia
Cities and towns in Georgia: Cities in Georgia - List of municipalities in Georgia - Histories of cities in Georgia
Atlanta city: Atlanta city, the capital and most populous city of Georgia with an estimated 2019 population of 506,811 citizens, also serving as the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan area - Since 1836 History of Atlanta
Demographics of Atlanta: Demographics of Atlanta, in 2010 USA's 4th largest black-majority city
African Americans in Atlanta: African Americans in Atlanta, as the city has long been known as a cradle of the Civil Rights Movement, and a center of black wealth, higher education, political power and culture
Economy of Atlanta: Economy of Atlanta
Education in Atlanta: Education in Atlanta - List of colleges and universities in metropolitan Atlanta
Politics and government of Atlanta: Politics and government of Atlanta - Mayoral elections in Atlanta
January 2020 Keisha Lance Bottoms seeks second term as Atlanta’s mayor: 3 January 2020: Keisha Lance Bottoms will seek a second term as Atlanta’s 60th mayor, after Bottoms spent much of her first two years in office addressing transparency concerns and ethics issues in the wake of the federal corruption investigation of former Mayor Kasim Reed’s administration
14 June 2020 Atlanta police chief resigns: 14 June 2020: Atlanta police chief resigns as mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms wants officer fired, saying shooting at drive-through restaurant after struggle did not represent ‘justified use of deadly force’
2021 Atlanta mayoral election: 2021 Atlanta mayoral election
Since 1821 timeline of Atlanta: Timeline of Atlanta since 1821
Before 1802-1825 Native American civilization in Atlanta region: Native American civilization in Atlanta region and systematic removal of Native Americans from northern Georgia from 1802 to 1825
1821 Creek Native Americans were forced to cede land: 1821 Creek Native Americans were forced to cede land that is now Metro Atlanta without the consent of the majority of the Cherokee people, as in 1830, an inn was established that became known as 'Whitehall' due to the then-unusual fact that it had a coat of white paint, when most other buildings were of washed or natural wood, but in 1867 'Whitehall area' was renamed West End, in fact not ending in the 19th century
1843 town of Marthasville incorporated: 1843 town of Marthasville incorporated, railroad terminus and Atlanta 1836–1860
1861–1865 USA civil war and importance of Atlanta: 1861–1865 city of Atlanta, an important rail and commercial center during the American Civil War becoming a critical point of contention during the Atlanta Campaign in 1864 as Union Army approached leading to the fall of Atlanta
1861–1871 civil war and Atlanta reconstruction: 1861–1871 civil war, Atlanta reconstruction and center of black education
Since 1906 competition between working-class whites and black for jobs and housing: 1906 race riot as competition between working-class whites and black for jobs and housing gave rise to fears and tensions
March 1960 'Appeal for Human Rights': March 1960 'Appeal for Human Rights' drafted by students and activists working within and part of the Civil Rights Movement
July 1996 Olympic Park bombing by the 'Army of God' USA Christian terrorist organization: 27 July 1996 centennial Olympic Park bombing, a domestic terrorist pipe bombing attack during the 1996 Summer Olympics, directly killing one person and injuring 111 others, the first of four bombings committed by terrorist Rudolp and 'Army of God' USA Christian terrorist organization
2014 National Center for Civil and Human Rights: Since June 2014 National Center for Civil and Human Rights in Atlanta
Since May 2020 George Floyd protests in Atlanta: Since May 2020 George Floyd protests in Atlanta, including eleven consecutive days of protests and rallys occurring in June, and as of July 2020, protests have occurred in twenty various cities and communities in the state Georgia
5 July 2020 protesters calling for removal of Confederate rock carving and birthplace of the modern Ku Klux Klan: 5 July 2020: Protesters marched through Stone Mountain Park near Atlanta, calling for removal of the giant Confederate rock carving at the site that civil rights activists consider a monument to racism, after white supremacists historically have used Stone Mountain as a rallying spot, the birthplace of the modern Ku Klux Klan
18 July 2020 USA civil rights activist John Lewis died: 18 July 2020: USA civil rights activist and Congress lawmaker John Lewis, who built Jewish ties, spoke to crowd at 1963 March on Washington and was beaten by state troopers at Selma in 1965, dies at 80
16 March 2021 series of mass shootings in Atlanta: 16 March 2021 series of mass shootings at three massage parlors in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, resulting in 8 people being killed, most of them Asian women, and one person wounded, as suspect Robert Aaron Long was later taken into custody, after authorities performed a pursuit intervention technique
Alpharetta city: Alpharetta city located in northern Fulton County and a suburb north of Atlanta within the metropolitan area, as the city's estimated population in 2019 was 67,213 citizens - Demographics of Alpharetta
Education of Alpharetta: Education of Alpharetta
Economy of Alpharetta: Economy and major companies of Alpharetta
History of Alpharetta: History and timeline of Alpharetta
Politics of Georgia: Politics of Georgia - Constitution of Georgia
September 1998 Camilla Massacre in 1868 officially acknowledged in public commemoration of victims: In 1998, 130 years later, the 1868 Camilla Massacre was officially acknowledged when Camilla publicly commemorated the victims of the bloody events of September 1868
Elections and politics in Georgia: Elections in Georgia
May 2018 Stacey Abrams wins Georgia’s Democratic primary: 25 May 2018: After winning Georgia’s Democratic primary, Stacey Abrams tells journalist about her uphill battle to win in a state with a history of segregationist governors, now becoming the state’s first black nominee for governor and the first black female major party nominee for the job in the USA
September 2018: 17 September 2018: Progressive Democrat Stacey Abrams is taking on Trump-style Republican Brian Kemp in Georgia, a state where all 82 of its governors have been white men
November 2018 Georgia elections: 6 November 2018 Georgia general elections - 6 November 2018 Georgia gubernatorial election
23 February 2020 shooting of Ahmaud Arbery: 23 February 2020 shooting of Ahmaud Arbery, as the unarmed African-American man was fatally shot in Glynn County while jogging but pursued and confronted by two white residents, who were armed in a pickup truck, recorded on video by a third Satilla Shores resident
Since May 2020 reactions, state and federal review of the Ahmaud Arbery shooting case: Since 10 May 2020 aftermath, reactions, state and federal review of the Ahmaud Arbery shooting case
6 May 2020 coalition of civil rights groups condemn attack on Ahmaud Arbery: 6 May 2020: A coalition of civil rights groups including NAACP, National Urban League, National Coalition on Black Civic Participation and more, condemn horrific attack on Ahmaud Arbery, saying 'the McMichaels must stand trial for this killing', and 'any legitimate handling of this case begins with an independent investigation'
5 June 2020 two months after Ahmaud Arbery was killed suspected McMichael's arrested: 5 June 2020: More than two months later after Ahmaud Arbery was jogging and fatally shot, the suspected McMichael's were arrested, as was the neighbour who filmed the death
14 June 2020 officer who shot Rayshard Brooks terminated: 14 June 2020: Atlanta officer who fatally shot Rayshard Brooks has been terminated, as Atlanta mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms criticized the officer who shot Brooks, saying shooting at drive-through restaurant after struggle did not represent ‘justified use of deadly force’
15 June 2020 police shooting of black man was homicide coroner says: 15 June 2020: The death of Rayshard Brooks, a black man killed by a white police officer in Atlanta on Friday, was a homicide caused by gunshot wounds to the back, the Fulton County Medical Examiner's office said on Sunday, as Democrats call for police reform after latest killing
3 November 2020 USA presidential election in Georgia: 3 November 2020 USA presidential election in Georgia as part of the 2020 USA elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated
20 November 2020 Joe Biden confirmed as Georgia winner after recount: 20 November 2020: Joe Biden confirmed as Georgia winner after recount, as president-elect wins Georgia’s 16 electoral college votes, the first Democrat to win there since Bill Clinton in 1996
5 January 2021 USA Senate runoff and special election in Georgia: 5 January 2021 USA Senate election in Georgia (runoff), as Democrat Jon Ossoff received the most votes with 50.4% - 5 January 2021 USA Senate special election in Georgia, as Democrat Raphael Warnock received the most votes with 50.8%
7 January 2021 how Black voters lifted Georgia Democrats to Senate runoff victories: 7 January 2021: How Black voters lifted Georgia Democrats to Senate runoff victories, showing up in record numbers for Georgia’s Senate runoff election on Tuesday, handing the Democratic candidates Raphael Warnock and Jon Ossoff decisive victories against the Republican
27 March 2021 Georgia's governor signed 'Jim Crow' voting bill under painting of a slave plantation: 27 March 2021: Georgia's governor signed 'Jim Crow' voting bill under painting of a slave plantation , as a Philadelphia columnist compared the painting to Brian Kemp ‘working to continue a tradition of white supremacy’ - 'Jim Crow laws' were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the southern USA, enacted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by white Southern Democrat-dominated state legislatures to disenfranchise and remove political and economic gains made by black people during the Reconstruction period, as the Republican Party lily-white movement supported the exclusion of African Americans
Social movements, protests and labor disputes in Georgia: Labor disputes in Georgia - Organizations and social movements in Atlanta
March/April 1977 Atlanta sanitation labor strike: March/April 1977 Atlanta sanitation labor strike involving sanitation workers with the main goal to get a $0.50 hourly wage increase, as Atlanta mayor Jackson resisted, firing over 900 striking workers, but later many of the striking workers had returned to their previous jobs
April 2018 DeKalb County School District bus drivers' strike: April 2018 DeKalb County School District bus drivers' strike inspired in part by the nationwide teacher strikes in Republican-dominated states such as West Virginia, Oklahoma and Arizona, as bus drivers for DeKalb County School District planned a 'sick-out' to protest low wages and little employee benefits
August 2019 AT&T abor strike: August 2019 AT&T strike, a labor strike involving about 20,000 employees of AT&T in southern USA, as members of the Communications Workers of America CWA went on strike amid protests across nine states following the failure to agree to new employment contracts, ending with a tentative deal reached between CWA and AT&T
6 May 2020 anger mounts over killing of black jogger Ahmaud Arbery: 6 May 2020: Anger mounts over killing of black jogger Ahmaud Arbery caught on video
6 May 2020 coalition of civil rights groups condemn attack on Ahmaud Arbery: 6 May 2020: A coalition of civil rights groups including NAACP, National Urban League, National Coalition on Black Civic Participation and more, condemn horrific attack on Ahmaud Arbery, saying 'the McMichaels must stand trial for this killing', and 'any legitimate handling of this case begins with an independent investigation'
16/17 May 2020 hundreds demand justice for Arbery at Georgia rally: 17 May 2020: Justice for Ahmaud Arbery, a black man killed during a pursuit by a white man and his son in Georgia, isn't just prison time for his killers, it's changes in a local justice system that never charged them with a crime, rallygoers said Saturday, as new focus on district attorney’s flawed prosecutions of black women
13/14 June 2020 protests over police shooting of African American Rayshard Brooks: 13 June 2020: Protesters block traffic on Atlanta highway after African American Rayshard Brooks was shot by Atlanta police - 14 June 2020: Protests in Atlanta over police shooting of African American Rayshard Brooks, reported by 'The Guardian'
Society and human rights in Georgia: Society in Georgia
Demographics of Georgia: Demographics of Georgia - according to the 2010 census, Georgia had a population of 9,687,653 inhabitants including 55.9% Non-Hispanic White, 3.8% White Hispanic, 30.5% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 8.8% Hispanics and Latinos, 3.2% Asian American - Demographics of Atlanta, the ninth most populous USA metropolitan area with 5,268,860 inhabitants in 2010, including 54.0% Black or African American, 38.4% White, 5.2% Hispanic or Latino
Education in Georgia: Education in Georgia - Schools in Georgia - Universities and colleges in Georgia
Health in Georgia: Health in Georgia
Outbreaks, disasters and man-made disasters in Georgia: Disasters and man-made disasters in Georgia
Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Georgia: Since March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Georgia
Healthcare in Georgia: Healthcare in Georgia - Medical and health organizations based in Georgia
Hospitals in Georgia: Hospitals in Georgia
Media in Georgia: Georgia media
Crime in Georgia: Crime in Georgia - Crime in Atlanta
Violence in Georgia: Violence in Georgia
Lynching deaths in Georgia: Lynching deaths in Georgia
September 1868 Camilla massacre: September 1868 Camilla massacre
December 1894 Brooks County 'race war': December 1894 Brooks County 'race war', a series of lynchings of African-Americans committed in Brooks County in Georgia
May 1918 lynchings: May 1918 lynchings, examples of the racially motivated mob violence by white people against black people in USA's South, particularly in the era of 1880 to 1930, as Brooks County in Georgia, and Georgia among the states with the highest rates of lynching in the nation during this period, and as thousands of individuals lynched in the USA were black
July 1946 Moore’s Ford Lynchings: July 1946 Moore’s Ford Lynchings, murders of four young African Americans by a mob of white males
1868-1998 Camilla Massacre was officially acknowledged when Camilla publicly commemorated the victims: In 1998, 130 years later, the 1868 Camilla Massacre was officially acknowledged when Camilla publicly commemorated the victims of the bloody events of September 1868
Murder and deaths by firearm in Georgia: Murder in Georgia - Deaths by firearm in Georgia
Februar 2020 shooting of Ahmaud Arbery: 23 Februar 2020 shooting of Ahmaud Arbery, when Ahmaud Marquez Arbery, an unarmed African-American man was fatally shot near Brunswick in Glynn County, after he had been pursued and confronted by two white residents
12/13 June 2020 killing of Rayshard Brooks: 12 June 2020 killing of Rayshard Brooks, a 27-year-old black man, who was shot and killed by an Atlanta Police Department officer on the night of June 12 - 14 June 2020: Atlanta police chief resigns after officers shoot dead African American Rayshard Brooks
Law and legal history in Georgia: Law of Georgia - Legal history of Georgia
Judiciary of Georgia: Judiciary of Georgia
May 2020 Georgia to consider charges in killing of unarmed black jogger as video emerges: 6 May 2020: A prosecutor in Georgia said he would ask a grand jury to decide if charges should be filed against a white former law enforcement officer and his son in the fatal shooting of unarmed young black man Ahmaud Arbery as he ran through the small town of Brunswick
17 May 2020 protesters demand justice for Arbery as new focus on D.A.’s flawed prosecutions of black women: 17 May 2020: Rallygoers demand justice for Ahmaud Arbery, and new focus on district attorney’s flawed prosecutions of black women
Environment of Georgia: Environment of Georgia - Natural history of Georgia
Hawaii state: Hawaii, located in Oceania, the 50th and most recent state to have joined the USA, having received statehood on 21 August 1959 - Hawaiian Islands - Climate of Hawaii
History of Hawaii: History of Hawaii - Pre-statehood history of Hawaii - 1795-1893 Kingdom of Hawaii, originating in 1795 with the unification of the independent islands of Hawaii, O'ahu, Maui, Moloka'i, and Lana'i under one government - 1894-1898 Republic of Hawaii before the territory was annexed by the USA in 1898 as its territory, the 'Territory of Hawaii' was formally established as part of the USA on 14 June 1900
1898–1959: 1898–1959 Annexation of the Territory of Hawaii
December 1941: 7 December 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan
1954: 1954 Hawaii Democratic Revolution, a nonviolent revolution consisting of general strikes, protests, and other acts of civil disobedience, culminating in the territorial elections of 1954 where the long reign of the Hawaii Republican Party in the legislature came to an abrupt end, replaced by members of the Democratic Party of Hawaii, as the strikes by the Isles' labor workers demanded similar pay and benefits to their Mainland counterparts, also crippling the power of the sugarcane plantations and the Big Five Oligopoly over their workers
1959: March 1959 Hawaii Admission Act, dissolving the 'Territory of Hawaii' and establishing the State of Hawaii as the 50th state of the USA
2017: 22 July 2017: Hawaii has become the first USA state to prepare the public for the possibility of a ballistic missile strike from North Korea
Economy of Hawaii: Economy of Hawaii, major crops include macadamia nuts, papaya, flowers, tropical and temperate vegetables, coffee beans, exports include food and clothing, food exports include coffee, macadamia nuts, pineapple, livestock, sugarcane and honey - Sugar plantations in Hawaii - Health effects of the sugarcane industry on Maui - Coffee production in Hawaii - Hawaii wine - Genetic engineering in Hawaii
Energy in Hawaii: Energy in Hawaii - Hawaiian Electric Industries Inc. is the largest supplier of electricity in the state of Hawaii, supplying power to 95% of Hawaii's population, as most of the power came from oil, using 8.5 million barrels in 2016
Banking and banks in Hawaii: Banks based in Hawaii
Tourism in Hawaii: Tourism in Hawaii, since statehood in 1959 tourism has been the largest industry, contributing 24.3% of the GDP in 1997
Water in Hawaii: Water in Hawaii - Bodies of water of Hawaii
Environment and environmental issues in Hawaii: Environment of Hawaii - Natural history of Hawaii - Environmental issues in Hawaii - Environmental organizations based in Hawaii
Politics of Hawaii: Politics of Hawaii
1993 USA's Apology Resolution: 1993 USA Public Law 103-150, known as the Apology Resolution of the USA Congress that 'acknowledges that the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii occurred with the active participation of agents and citizens of the United States and further acknowledges that the Native Hawaiian people never directly relinquished to the United States their claims to their inherent sovereignty as a people over their national lands, either through the Kingdom of Hawaii or through a plebiscite or referendum'
Elections in Hawaii: Elections in Hawaii
Political parties in Hawaii: Political parties in Hawaii - Democratic Party of Hawaii - Native Hawaiian nationalist parties
Hawaii State Legislature and politics: Hawaii State Legislature - Hawaii Legislature elections
2018: 14 January 2018: An alert about an incoming ballistic missile sent Hawaii into panic for about 30 minutes, until emergency officials announced that the message had been sent in error
Social movements, strikes and protests in Hawaii:
1924 sugar workers strike and massacre: September 1924 Hanapepe Massacre during a long-lasting strike of Filipino sugar workers on Kaua'i, demanding a $2 daily wage and 8 hour day, local police shot dead nine strikers and fatally wounded seven, strikers shot and stabbed three sheriffs to death and fatally wounded one, a total of 20 people died
1938 stevedores strike and massacre: August 1938 Hilo massacre, when over 70 police officers attempted to disband 200 unarmed protesters during a long-lasting strike, injuring 50 of the demonstrators from a number of ethnicities, including Chinese, Japanese, Native Hawaiian, Luso and Filipinos, and from different unions including the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, demanding equal wages with workers on the West Coast of the USA
1954 Hawaii Democratic Revolution: 1954 Hawaii Democratic Revolution, a nonviolent revolution consisting of general strikes, protests, and other acts of civil disobedience, culminating in the territorial elections of 1954 where the long reign of the Hawaii Republican Party in the legislature came to an abrupt end, replaced by members of the Democratic Party of Hawaii, as the strikes by the Isles' labor workers demanded similar pay and benefits to their Mainland counterparts, also crippling the power of the sugarcane plantations and the Big Five Oligopoly over their workers
2014: 2014 'Thirty Meter Telescope protests', a series of protests and demonstrations in Hawaii over the choosing of Mauna Kea for the site location of a Thirty Meter Telescope, as Mauna Kea is considered the most sacred mountain of Native Hawaiian religion and culture
2017: 8 March 2017: Hawaii has become the first USA state to make a legal challenge to Donald Trump’s revised travel ban, as demonstrators protest against latest Trump travel ban
Society, demographics and ethnic groups in Hawaii: Hawaii society - Demographics of Hawaii - Hawaii statistical areas - Ethnic groups in Hawaii
Native Hawaiians, language and culture: Native Hawaiians are the indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants, native Hawaiians trace their ancestry back to the original Polynesian settlers of Hawaii - Hawaiian language - Native Hawaiian culture - Music of Hawaii - Hawaiian Renaissance, first and second Hawaiian Renaissance since 1970
Indigenous Hawaiian population since 19th century: Since 19th century the indigenous Hawaiian population succumbed to foreign diseases, declining from 300,000 in the 1770s, to 60,000 in the 1850s, to 24,000 in 1920, as the population of Hawaii began to increase after an influx of primarily Asian settlers that arrived as migrant laborers at the end of the 19th century
Indigenous land rights in Hawaii: Indigenous land rights in Hawaii - Hawaiian home land - Ceded lands
Africans in Hawaii: Africans in Hawaii, about 4.0% of the population in 2010
History of immigration and Asian immigration to Hawaii: History of immigration to Hawaii - Asian immigration to Hawaii - Japanese in Hawaii, the second largest ethnic group in Hawaii, in 1920 they constituted 43% of Hawaii's population, in 2000 about 16.7%, according to the USA Census - Filipinos in Hawaii, the third largest ethnic group, representing 22.8% of the population, but more recent data indicates they have become the largest ethnicity in Hawaii (25.1% in 2010) - Chinese in Hawaii constitute about 4.7% of the state's population
Hawaii law: Hawaii law - Legal history of Hawaii - Gun laws in Hawaii
Hawai'i State Judiciary: Hawai'i State Judiciary
Courts of Hawaii and Hawaii State District Courts: Courts of Hawaii - Hawaii State District Courts - USA District Court for the District of Hawaii
2017: 16 March 2017: District court's judge Derrick Watson in Hawaii issues the second block on Trump's proposed new travel ban on visitors from majority-Muslim countries just hours before it was scheduled to go into effect, marking another stinging blow to Trump administration - 30 March 2017: USA district judge Derrick Watson in Hawaii decided to extend his order blocking President Trump’s travel ban
Supreme Court of Hawaii: Supreme Court of Hawaii, the highest court of the State of Hawaii in the USA - List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Hawaii
Natural disasters in Hawaii: Natural disasters in Hawaii
Hurricanes in Hawaii: Hurricanes in Hawaii
July-September 2016: July 2016 Hurricane Darby - August/September 2016 Hurricane Madeline
2018: August 2018 Hurricane Lane - 22 August 2018: Hurricane Lane strengthens to category 5 as it heads for Hawaii
Weather events in Hawaii: Weather events in Hawaii - Kona storms, a type of seasonal cyclone in the Hawaiian Islands, usually formed in the winter from winds coming from the westerly 'kona' direction, and mainly cold core cyclones, which places them in the extratropical cyclone category, and as among their hazards are heavy rain, hailstorms, flash floods and their associated landslides, high elevation snow, high winds which result in large surf and swells, and waterspout
March 2012 Hawaii hailstorm: March 2012 Hawaii hailstorm
March 2021 Hawaii floods: March 2021 Hawaii floods
Hawaii tornadoes: Hawaii tornadoes
Earthquakes, evolution and eruptions of volcanoes in Hawaii: Earthquakes in Hawaii - Geology of Hawaii - Hawaii hotspot - List of volcanoes in the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain - Evolution of Hawaiian volcanoes
October 2006: October 2006 Kiholo Bay earthquake
May 2018: 4 May 2018: Mount Kilauea volcano has erupted near a residential area on Hawaii's largest island, prompting a local state of emergency and the mandatory evacuation of 1,700 residents - 4 May 2018 Hawaii earthquake whose epicenter was near the south flank of Kilauea, which has been the site of seismic and volcanic activity since late April, coinciding with new lava outbreaks at the volcano
Illinois state and Chicago: Illinois midwestern and the 5th most populous state in the USA, with Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in central and northern Illinois, and natural resources like coal, timber, and petroleum in the south
Native American history of Illinois: Native American history of Illinois
Since 18,000 BCE - 8000 BCE table of archaeological periods of Mississippi and Great Lakes regions: Since 18,000 BCE - 8000 BCE table of archaeological periods of North America including Mississippi and Great Lakes regions - Classification of Native American cultures in periods before the invasion and conquest by European empires - Population history of Native American peoples of the North and South American continents
Since middle ages Upper Mississippian cultures: Upper Mississippian cultures were located in the Upper Mississippi basin and Great Lakes region of the American Midwest, as they were in existence from approximately A.D. 1000 until the colonial empire's periods, mainly English/British and French empires, approximately A.D. 1700 following early Spanish exploration and southern colonization
Since aboug 1600 Illinois Confederation of 12 to 13 tribes: Since aboug 1600 Illinois Confederation, made up of 12 to 13 tribes sharing common language and culture, and who lived in the Mississippi River Valley, as eventually member tribes occupied an area reaching from Lake Michicigao (Michigan) to Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas, and as the five main tribes were the Cahokia, Kaskaskia, Michigamea, Peoria, and Tamaroa
Society, economy, settlements and government of the Illinois Confederation: Society, economy, settlements and government of the Illinois Confederation of united tribes - Grand Village of the Illinois, a site significant for being the best documented historic Native American village in the Illinois River valley, documented as a large agricultural and trading village of Native Americans of the Illinois confederacy, located on the north bank of the Illinois River near the present town of Utica, Illinois, as archeological evidence indicates that the Illini of the Grand Village were well adapted to their environment, as in 1675 they grew corn, beans, and squash in the rich alluvial soil - Peoria Native American people, today enrolled in the federally recognized 'Peoria Tribe of Indians' of Oklahoma, and historically part of the Illinois Confederation
Iroquois 'People of the Longhouse' confederacy in northeast North America: Since about 1600 also by Europeans documented Iroquois 'People of the Longhouse', a historical Native American confederacy in their territories of northeast North America
Since 17th/18th century European exploration, conquest, colonization and history of Illinois: Since 17th/18th century European exploration, conquest, colonization and history of Illinois
Since 1812 invasion of USA soldiers and settlers fighting against Native Americans: During the War of 1812 and later, the Illinois Territory was the scene of the invasion of USA soldiers and settlers fighting against Native Americans
Since 1832 crack down of Native armed resistance to USA expansion amid 'Indian' removal policy: 1832 Black Hawk War after USA officials mobilized a frontier militia and opened fire on a delegation from the Native Americans in May, the following war marked the end of Native armed resistance to USA expansion and provided an opportunity for American officials such as Andrew Jackson, Lewis Cass, and John Reynolds to compel Native American tribes to sell their lands east of the Mississippi River and move to the West, a policy known as Indian removal
Since 18th/19th century ongoing crime and violence in Illinois: Since 18th/19th century ongoing crime and violenc in Illinois
1861-1865 Illinois in the USA Civil War: 1861-1865 Illinois in the USA Civil War, becoming a major source of troops for the Union Army (particularly for those armies serving in the Western Theater of the war against slaveholders' secession), and of military supplies, food, and clothing for soldiers fighting against slaveholders
Demographics of Illinois: Demographics of Illinois - Ethnic groups in Illinois
Native American and African-American museums in Illinois: Native American museums in Illinois - African-American museums in Illinois
Economy of Illinois: Economy of Illinois - Agriculture in Illinois
Environment of Illinois: Environment of Illinois - Natural history of Illinois - Climate of Illinois - Water in Illinois - List of ecoregions in Illinois
Natural disasters in Illinois: Natural disasters in Illinois - Tornadoes in Illinois
January/February 2019: 1 February 2019: Dangerously cold weather continued to shatter records across the midwest, as the polar vortex kept schools, businesses and government offices closed, and hospitals busy
Politics of Illinois: Politics of Illinois - Elections in Illinois - Political parties in Illinois - Political party strength in Illinois
2018 Illinois elections: Illinois elections 2018
February 2018 Republican Nazi case: 4 February 2018: Illinois Holocaust denier, Jew-hater Arthur Jones, who praises Hitler, says Shoah was an 'international racket', set to be Republican nominee for Congress in district covering parts of Chicago
December 2019 Republican Nazi, Holocaust denier Arthur Jones runs again for USA House seat: 4 December 2019: Illinois Nazi, Holocaust denier Arthur Jones runs again for USA House seat, after he received over 40,000 votes last year as lone Republican nominee for Chicago-area post
Social movements and protests in Illinois: Social movements and protests in Illinois - Protest marches in Chicago
March 2016: March 2016 Donald Trump Chicago rally protest, part of the protests against Donald Trump
July 2018: 7 July 2018: Thousands of Chicago protesters took over Chicago Dan Ryan Expressway in protest against gun violence, which killed 600 people in the city last year, calling for stronger gun laws
August 2018: 3 August 2018: Demonstrators protest in Chicago against the ongoing violence, corruption and the lack of economic investments in African-American communities on the city's west and south sides
October 2018: 13 octobre 2018: 'Marchons jusqu'aux urnes', des milliers de personnes ont manifesté à Chicago contre la politique 'anti-femmes' du gouvernement Trump, en exhortant les citoyens à voter en masse lors des élections parlementaires début novembre pour renverser la vapeur
Society, human rights, law and crime in Illinois: Illinois society
Crime in Illinois: Crime in Illinois
Law and legal history of Illinois: Illinois law - Legal history of Illinois
Judiciary and courthouses in Illinois: Courthouses in Illinois
October 2018 Van Dyke case, who shot black teenager Laquan McDonald: 5 October 2018: White Chicago police officer Van Dyke who shot black teenager Laquan McDonald 16 times in an encounter captured on dashcam video in October 2014 has been found guilty of second-degree murder
January 2019: 19 January 2019: Former Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke was sentenced to nearly seven years in prison for shooting black teen Laquan McDonald to death in 2014 in a landmark case that highlighted tensions in USA’s third-biggest city
19 July 2019: 19 juillet 2019: Quatre policiers qui avaient menti sur les circonstances dans lesquelles un de leurs collègues, Van Dyke, avait tiré sur un jeune noir de 17 ans en 2014 à Chicago ont été limogés, a annoncé la police, après cette affaire avait déclenché des mois de manifestations
October 2019 nine-year-old charged with murder: 9 October 2019: Nine-year-old charged with murder of five people in Illinois trailer park fire
28 December 2020 army sergeant Duke Webb charged with three counts of murder and more: 28 December 2020: Army sergeant Duke Webb charged with three counts of murder and three counts of attempted murder in Illinois shooting that left three dead at bowling alley in Rockford
Chicago, history, demographics, economy and society: Chicago city - History of Chicago
Demographics and ethnic groups in Chicago: Demographics of Chicago - Ethnic groups in Chicago - the mix of ethnic groups in Chicago has varied over the history of the city, resulting in a diverse community, without Native Americans, following the Illinois murder of May 1832 - History of African Americans in Chicago - Mexicans in Chicago
Economy of Chicago: Economy of Chicago
Timeline of Chicago history: Timeline of Chicago history since 1673
Since 1890 University of Chicago: Since 1890 University of Chicago
1893 Universal Peace Congress: 1893 Universal Peace Congress in Chicago
Since 1905 Industrial Workers of the World IWW: Since 1905 Industrial Workers of the World IWW, an international labor union that was founded in Chicago
2006 USA immigration protests: Since March 2006 USA immigration protests, a series of demonstrations that began in Chicago and continued throughout major cities nationwide for a period of eight weeks, widely seen as a historic turn point in Latino politics, especially Latino immigrant civic participation and political influence
November 2019 Chicago teachers strike and contract deal: 16 November 2019: Chicago teachers approved the contract deal that ended an 11-day strike and includes pay raises, $35 million to enforce limits on class sizes and a pledge to supply each school with a nurse and a social worker
24 July 2020 statue of Christopher Columbus in Chicago taken down: 24 July 2020: A statue of Christopher Columbus in downtown Chicago’s Grant Park was taken down, a week after protesters trying to topple the monument to the Italian explorer clashed with police, now at the direction of the city’s mayor Lori Lightfoot, according to the 'Chicago Tribune'
20 October 2020 killing of Marcellis Stinnette: 20 October 2020 killing of Marcellis Stinnette: - 25 October 2020: A Black woman who was shot and wounded inside a vehicle by a police officer who also fatally shot her 19-year-old boyfriend told about 200 people gathered at an emotional rally in suburban Chicago on Saturday that she was fighting 'to be strong' for her son, as protest in Waukegan near Chicago was organized by Clyde McLemore, the founder of the Lake county chapter of Black Lives Matter, taking place less than a day after police chief Wayne Walles announced the firing of the officer who fatally shot Marcellis Stinnette
22/25 October 2020 protests against killing of Marcellis Stinnette: 22 October 2020 protests against killing of Marcellis Stinnette, as demonstrators demanded release of the video footage and federal investigations - 25 October 2020: A Black woman who was shot and wounded inside a vehicle by a police officer who also fatally shot her 19-year-old boyfriend told about 200 people gathered at an emotional rally in suburban Chicago on Saturday that she was fighting 'to be strong' for her son, as protest in Waukegan near Chicago was organized by Clyde McLemore, the founder of the Lake county chapter of Black Lives Matter, taking place less than a day after police chief Wayne Walles announced the firing of the officer who fatally shot Marcellis Stinnette
18 December 2020 Chicago woman was targeted in raid when police went to wrong address: 18 December 2020: Chicago woman was targeted in raid when police went to wrong address despite woman insisted at least 43 times officers had broken into the wrong home
March/April 2021 killing of Adam Toledo by Chicago police and aftermath: 29 March 2021 killing of Adam Toledo by Chicago Police Department officer and aftermath - 16 April 2021: Body camera video footage released for the first time on Thursday appears to show Chicago police officer Stillman fatally shooting Adam Toledo, a 13-year-old, as he raised his hands into the air, as the footage has ignited fresh outrage in the city, as on Thursday Chicago’s mayor Lori Lightfoot stood alongside Latino community leaders and called for calm, as Chicago activists and politicians have highlighted the legacy of racist policing in the city and lack of investment in youth programming, and as protests have taken place across the city, calling for transparency and accountability, as many are angered by a string of police-involved shootings that have killed young Chicagoans in recent weeks - 15 April 2021: Release of Adam Toledo shooting video sparks protests, emotional reactions
Crime in Chicago: Crime in Chicago
2014-2016: 2 October 2014: The disgraced Chicago police commander J. Burge, who federal prosecutors say was the architect behind two decades of serial police torture, was released from federal prison - 18 February 2015: Guantánamo torturer Zuley led brutal Chicago regime of shackling and confession - 6 May 2015: Chicago agrees to compensate victims tortured in police custody in the 1970s and 80s under the regime of police commander J. Burge - 6 July 2015: After ten people, including a seven-year-old boy, were killed in shootings in Chicago over the Fourth of July holiday weekend despite increased police presence, Chicago police superintendent calls for more gun laws - 19 October 2015: From August 2004 to June 2015, nearly 6,000 of more than 7,000 people at an off-the-books interrogation warehouse in Chicago were black, only 68 of those held were allowed access to attorneys or a public notice of their whereabouts - 11 December 2015: Hundreds of protesters marched through the streets of Chicago and staged 'die-ins', calling for the resignation of Mayor Rahm Emanuel a day after he emotionally apologised for the 2014 police shooting of 17-year-old black teen Laquan McDonald - 30 August 2016: Police push to fire multiple officers involved in the fatal shooting of black teenager Laquan McDonald in 2014 in Chicago
January 2017 police violence: 13 janvier 2017: La police de Chicago est coupable d'un 'recours récurrent à un usage excessif de la force' en violation de la Constitution, a déclaré la ministre de la Justice Loretta Lynch, à l'issue d'une retentissante enquête fédérale de plus d'un an
August 2018 Sunday violence: 6 août 2018: Cinq personnes ont été tuées sur un total de 45 touchées par une série de tirs dimanche à Chicago durant une vague de violence, un enfant de 11 ans compte parmi les blessés
22 December 2019 Chicago mass shooting: 22 December 2019: A party in Chicago held to memorialize someone who was killed earlier in the year turned into a scene of chaos and violence early Sunday when at least one person opened fire and 13 ended up shot, with four in critical condition in hospital
10 January 2021 gunman kills three and wounds four people in series of Chicago shootings: 10 January 2021: Gunman kills three people and wounds four in series of Chicago shootings, named by police named as Jason Nightengale
14 March 2021 several people injured and killed during 'soirée improvisée': 14 mars 2021: Au moins 15 personnes ont été blessées par balle et deux d’entre elles sont décédées lors d’une 'soirée improvisée' dans un garage de Chicago, a rapporté la police citée par les médias locaux, après 'un des participants a commencé à tirer dans le local, atteignant de nombreuses personnes', a relaté Jose Jara
Indiana state: Indiana state in the Midwestern USA since 11 December 1816 after various indigenous peoples inhabited Indiana for thousands of years, today the 17th-most populous of the 50 states as its capital and largest city is Indianapolis, and as it borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, the Ohio River and Kentucky to the south and southeast, and the Wabash River and Illinois to the west
History of Indiana: History of Indiana
Early civilizations in the region today called 'Indiana': Early civilizations in the region today called 'Indiana', as evidence suggests that after the collapse of the Hopewell, Indiana had a low population until the rise of the Fort Ancient and Mississippian culture around 900 AD, and as the Ohio River Valley was densely populated by the Mississippians from about 1100 to 1450 AD
Native American tribes in Indiana: Native American tribes in Indiana
Expulsion of Native Americans and establishment of slavery of African Americans: History of slavery in Indiana, as slavery in Indiana occurred between the time of French rule during the late seventeenth century and 1826, with a few traces of slavery afterward, and as the emerging USA first forcibly removed the Native Americans from the region, establishing the region as USA territory in 1800 when William Henry Harrison, a former slaveholder, was appointed governor, and as slavery continued to be tolerated through a series of laws enacted by the appointed legislature
1810-1813 conflict between the USA and Tecumseh's Confederacy: 1810-1813 'Tecumseh's War', a conflict between the USA and Tecumseh's Confederacy, led by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh in the territory today called 'Indiana' state, frequently considered a part of a larger struggle and viewed by some historians as the final conflict of a longer-term military struggle for control of the Great Lakes region of North America, encompassing a number of wars over several generations, referred to as the Sixty Years' War
Demographics of Indiana: Demographics of Indiana, as ethnic groups of the state's population in 2019 included 84.8% White American (78.4% non-Hispanic white), 9.9% Black or African American, 2.6% Asian, 2.2% biracial or multi-racial, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders, as the Hispanic (or Latino of any race) population is Indiana's fastest-growing ethnic minority, as 28.2% of Indiana's children under the age of 1 belonged to minority groups, and as German is the largest ancestry reported in Indiana, with 22.7% of the population reporting that ancestry in the Census, as persons citing American (12.0%) and English ancestry (8.9%) are also numerous, as are Irish (10.8%) and Polish (3.0%)
Indiana General Assembly: Indiana General Assembly, the state legislature, a bicameral legislature that consists of a lower house, the Indiana House of Representatives, and an upper house, the Indiana Senate, as the General Assembly meets annually at the Indiana Statehouse in Indianapolis, and the members of the General Assembly are elected from districts that are realigned every ten years
Since December 1816 government of Indiana: Since December 1816 government of Indiana, established and regulated by the Constitution of Indiana, as the state-level government consists of three branches including the judicial branch, the legislative branch, and the executive branch, as county and local governments are also constitutional bodies with limited authority to levy taxes, pass legislation, and create and maintain local public infrastructure
Politics of Indiana: Politics of Indiana - Since 1816 Constitution of Indiana - Political party strength in Indiana since 1816 - Women in Indiana politics
Indiana elections: Indiana elections - 2008-2018 Elections in Indiana by year
2020 Indiana elections: 2020 Indiana elections
2022 Indiana elections: 2022 Indiana elections, including 2022 USA Senate election in Indiana and 2022 USA House of Representatives elections § Indiana
Local elections in Indiana: Local elections in Indiana
Indiana countiesAlphabetical list of counties in Indiana - Indiana counties
Cities in Indiana: Cities in Indiana - List of cities in Indiana
Indianapolis city: Indianapolis city, the state capital and most-populous city of the state of Indiana, as - according to 2019 estimates from the USA Census Bureau - the consolidated population of Indianapolis and Marion County was 886,220 citizens - Transportation in Indianapolis
Economy of Indianapolis: Economy of Indianapolis - Companies based in Indianapolis - Manufacturing companies based in Indianapolis
Government, city-county council and mayoral elections in Indianapolis: Government of Indianapolis - Mayoral elections in Indianapolis - List of mayors of Indianapolis since 1 May 1847
November 2019 Indianapolis City-County Council election: 5 November 2019 Indianapolis City-County Council election
Timeline of Indianapolis since 19th century: Timeline of Indianapolis since 19th century
Since 1820 Indiana University: Since 1820 Indiana University, a system of public universities in the state, as Indiana University in the 21st century has a combined student body of more than 110,000 students
1861-1865 during the American Civil War Indianapolis was loyal to the Union cause: 1861-1865 during the American Civil War, Indianapolis was loyal to the Union cause, and after the Battle of Fort Sumter in South Carolina, Indianapolis citizens proclaimed 'we unite as one man to repel all treasonable assaults upon the Government, its people, and citizens in every department of the Union - peaceably, if we can, forcibly if we must'
Since 1862/1869 Indiana State Museum: Since 1869 Indiana State Museum in downtown Indianapolis, as the museum houses exhibits on the science, art, culture, and history of Indiana from prehistoric times up to the present day, and as the collection of the Indiana State Museum was started in 1862, during the Civil War, after in February 1861 Abraham Lincoln visited Indianapolis en route to Washington, D.C. to be sworn in as the 16th president of the USA
Since 1919-1924 Indiana World War Memorial Plaza and District: Since 1919-1924 Indiana World War Memorial Plaza, an urban feature - including a public library - located in Indianapolis, originally built to honor the veterans of World War I, as in 2016, the district was further enlarged to include in its scope the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument and was renamed the Indiana World War Memorial Historic District
Indiana society: Indiana society
Education in Indiana: Education in Indiana
Schools in Indiana: Schools in Indiana - Elementary schools in Indiana - Public schools in Indiana
Schools in Indiana by county: Schools in Indiana by county
Universities and colleges in Indiana: Universities and colleges in Indiana - Universities and colleges in Indiana by type
Museums in Indiana: Museums in Indiana - Museums in Indiana by county - List of museums in Indiana
African-American and Native American museums in Indiana: African-American museums in Indiana - Native American museums in Indiana
Since 1925 The Children's Museum of Indianapolis: Since 1925 The Children's Museum of Indianapolis, reportedly the world's largest children's museum, accredited by the American Alliance of Museums, as artifacts and exhibit items are divided into three domains including the American Collection, the Cultural World Collection, and the Natural World Collection, and as the museum's focus is family learning and most exhibits are designed to be interactive, allowing children and families to actively participate
Health in Indiana: Health in Indiana
Since 5 March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Indiana: Since 5 March 2020 covid-19 pandemic in Indiana
Healthcare in Indiana: Healthcare in Indiana - Medical and health organizations based in Indiana
Hospitals in Indiana: Hospitals in Indiana
Crime in Indiana: Crime in Indiana
Violence in Indiana: Violence in Indiana
Deaths by firearm in Indiana: Deaths by firearm in Indiana
1 June 2006 Indianapolis mass murder: 1 June 2006 Hamilton Avenue Murders, the colloquial name for the mass murder of seven people in a house at North Hamilton Avenue in Indianapolis, as police found seven dead victims, three of whom were children, shot with a military-style weapon, as evidence technicians recovered 23 discharged 7.62x39mm cartridge casings for high velocity caliber bullets used in AK-47 and SKS-type rifles - In 2011, the Indiana Court of Appeals and Indiana Supreme Court affirmed all of Stewart's and Turner's convictions and sentence
15 April 2021 Indianapolis FedEx massacre: 15 April 20021 Indianapolis FedEx shooting, a mass shooting at a FedEx Ground facility in Indianapolis, as nine people were killed, including the gunman, 19-year-old former employee Brandon Scott Hole who used a rifle and who committed suicide following the massacre, as seven others were injured, including four by gunfire
16 April 2021 president Biden calls gun violence 'a national embarrassment': 16 April 2021: USA president Biden calls gun violence 'a national embarrassment' and order flags to half-staff after another mass shooting
18 April 2021 Indianapolis gunman bought assault weapons after police seized his shotgun: 18 April 2021: Gunman Brandon Hole who murdered eight people at a FedEx warehouse in Indianapolis legally purchased the two semi-automatic rifles he used in the attack, months after a shotgun he owned was confiscated by police over concerns around his mental health
Indiana law: Indiana law - Legal history of Indiana
Courts of Indiana: Courts of Indiana
Since 1816 Indiana Supreme Court: Since 1816 Indiana Supreme Court
Law enforcement in Indiana: Law enforcement in Indiana
Environment of Indiana: Environment of Indiana - Natural history of Indiana - Geology of Indiana - Geography of Indiana
Landforms and ecoregions in Indiana: Landforms of Indiana - List of ecoregions in Indiana
Forests of Indiana: Forests of Indiana
Water in Indiana: Water in Indiana
Rivers of Indiana: Rivers of Indiana
Climate change in Indiana: Climate change in Indiana
Natural disasters in Indiana: Natural disasters in Indiana
Iowa state: Iowa state in the midwestern USA, bordered by the Mississippi River on the east and the Missouri River and the Big Sioux River on the west - History of Iowa - Native Americans resided in what is now Iowa for 13,000 years, until the early 19th century Iowa was occupied exclusively by Indians and a few European traders, with loose political control by France and Spain, until Iowa became part of the USA in 1803 and uncontested USA control occurred only after the War of 1812 and after a series of treaties eliminating Indians claims on the state
Native American history of Iowa: Native American history of Iowa
Native Americans in Iowa: Native Americans in Iowa
1803, 1814–1832 removal of Native Americans: 1814–1832 removal of Native Americans, after Iowa became part of the USA in 1803 and uncontested USA control occurred only after the War of 1812 and after a series of treaties eliminating Indians claims on the state
Demographics of Iowa: Demographics of Iowa - Ethnic groups in Iowa
African Americans in Iowa: African Americans in Iowa - African-American history of Iowa
Asian-American culture in Iowa: Asian-American culture in Iowa
Czech American population and culture in Iowa: USA states with the largest Czech American populations include Texas with 155,855 citizens, Illinois (123,708), Wisconsin (97,220), Minnesota (85,056), Nebraska (83,462), California (77,673), Ohio (70,009), Iowa (51,508 or 2,1%), New York (44,942), Florida (42,890), and Vermont (38,000) - Czech-American culture in Iowa
Jews and Judaism in Iowa: Jews and Judaism in Iowa
Economy and agriculture of Iowa: Economy and agriculture in Iowa - Companies based in Iowa
Regions, counties and cities of Iowa: Regions of Iowa - List of counties and list of cities in Iowa, by population
Cities in Iowa: Cities in Iowa - Cities in Iowa by county
Des Moines city: Des Moines city, the capital and the most populous city of Iowa. It is also the county seat of Polk County. A small part of the city extends into Warren County. It was incorporated on September 22, 1851, as Fort Des Moines, located on and named after the Des Moines River, which likely was adapted from the early French name, Rivière des Moines, meaning 'River of the Monks', as the city's population was 214,237 citizens in 2019, and as the six-county metropolitan area is ranked USA's 83rd with 699,292 residents in 2019 - History of Des Moines city
Economy of Des Moines city: Economy of Des Moines city
Since 1843 timeline of Des Moines: Since 1843 timeline of Des Moines
Cedar Rapids city: Cedar Rapids city, the second-largest city in Iowa and is the county seat of Linn County, as the city lies on both banks of the Cedar River, 32 km north of Iowa City and 160 km northeast of Des Moines, the state's capital and largest city, and a part of the Iowa City/Cedar Rapids Region of Eastern Iowa
History and timeline of Cedar Rapids city: History and timeline of Cedar Rapids city, located in the territory of the Fox and Sac tribes
1837/1838 first white settler claimed the land without legal title, consorting with horse thiefs: 1837/1838 the first white settler arrived on the site of the future city, who was called Osgood Shepherd, and who built a log cabin (which he called a tavern) in 1837 or 1838 next to the Cedar River (then known as the Red Cedar), as Shepherd was a squatter who claimed the land without legal title and also a reputed ne’er-do-well, who, if he was not a horse thief himself, definitely consorted with them
19th/20th century Bohemian Commercial District and Prussian War in Austria: Bohemian Commercial Historic District, since the 1850s, and increasingly after the American Civil War in the 1860s and the Prussian War in Austria in 1880, as they grew to be the largest ethnic group in the city, and the only one to settle in a distinct part of Cedar Rapids - Since 1966 - during the country's civil rights movement - USA's 'National Register of Historic Places', including 'Bohemian Commercial District' in Cedar Rapids city
Since 1974 'National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library': Since 1974 'National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library', a museum and library of Czech and Slovak history and culture located in Cedar Rapids, as the museum and library was severely affected by the Iowa flood of 2008 before in 2012 rebuilding and expansion efforts were completed and the NCSML reopened
Iowa city: Iowa city in Johnson County, the home of the University of Iowa and county seat of Johnson County, with a population of 75,130 citzens in 2019, making it the state's fifth-largest city
Since 1839 history and timeline of Iowa City: Since 1839 history and timeline of Iowa City, created by an act of Legislative Assembly of the Iowa Territory on 21 January
Since 1847 University of Iowa: Since 1847 University of Iowa, a public research university in Iowa City, and the oldest and the second-largest university in the state
Waterloo city: Waterloo city in and the county seat of Black Hawk County, with a population of 67,328 citizens in 2019
Since 1845/1868 history of 'Waterloo' originally known as 'Prairie Rapids Crossing': Since 1845/1868 history of 'Waterloo', originally known as 'Prairie Rapids Crossing', as the town was established near two Meskwaki American tribal seasonal camps alongside the Cedar River
Since 1860 Spillville village in Winneshiek County: Since 1860 Spillville village in Winneshiek County, located in Calmar Township 6.4 km west of Calmar and about 19 km southwest of Decorah, the county seat - South Winneshiek Community School District, including the municipalities of Calmar, Ossian, Castalia, and Spillville
Since 1913 Bily Clocks Museum in Spillville commemorating Antonín Dvorák: 1913/1958 Bily Clocks Museum in Spillville, Iowa, as the museum contains clocks that were made by hand from the years 1913 to 1958, after Czech composer Antonín Dvorák with his family spent the summer of 1893 in the building, which is where he completed his symphony Symphony No. 9 'From the New World', also composing his String Quartet in F (also known as the 'American Quartet') and his String Quintet in E-Flat as the museum has an exhibit commemorating the famous composer’s time in Spillville and Iowa
Politics of Iowa: Politics of Iowa - Since 1846 political party strength in Iowa
Gun laws in Iowa: Gun laws in Iowa
Since 1838 Iowa elections by year: Since 1838 Iowa elections by year
2014-2016 Iowa elections: 2014 Iowa elections - 2016 Iowa elections
2016 Iowa’s house bill that allows children of all ages to handle guns: 25 February 2016: Approved by a 62-36 vote, Iowa’s house of representatives passed a bill that allows children of all ages to handle guns
2020 Iowa elections: 2020 Iowa elections - 2020 USA presidential election in Iowa - 2020 USA House of Representatives elections in Iowa
Iowa society: Iowa society
Education in Iowa: Education in Iowa
Health in Iowa: Health in Iowa
Crime in Iowa: Crime in Iowa
Violence in Iowa: Violence in Iowa
Deaths by firearm in Iowa: Deaths by firearm in Iowa
Iowa law: Iowa law - Legal history of Iowa
Gun laws in Iowa: Gun laws in Iowa
Courthouses in Iowa: Courthouses in Iowa
Environment of Iowa: Environment of Iowa - Natural history of Iowa - Geography of Iowa
Landforms of Iowa: Landforms of Iowa - Landforms of Iowa by county
Bodies of water and rivers of Iowa: Bodies of water of Iowa - Rivers of Iowa
Kansas state: Kansas midwestern state is named after the Kansa tribe, one of the numerous and diverse Native American tribes. which inhabited the area for thousands of years - tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys of Kansas, which was first settled by Europeans in the 1830s and soon become famous as 'Bleeding Kansas' 1854–1861 in a conflict between anti-slavery forces in the North and pro-slavery forces from the South
History of Kansas and introduction of agriculture around 3,000 years ago: History of Kansas, Paleo-Indians, Archaic peoples and introduction of agriculture, as groups transferred from food gatherers to food producers around 3,000 years ago - Pre-statehood history of Kansas
Timeline of Kansas history since 9000–10,000 BCE: Timeline of Kansas history since 9000–10,000 BCE and first evidence of human beings in Kansas
Native American tribes in Kansas: Native American tribes in Kansas
Kaw Nation (or Kansa), a federally recognized Native American tribe today in Oklahoma: Kaw Nation (or Kansa) are a federally recognized Native American tribe today in Oklahoma
African-American history of Kansas: African-American history of Kansas
1854-1861 'Bleeding Kansas': 1854-1861 'Bleeding Kansas' emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas. The conflict was characterized by years of electoral fraud, raids, assaults, and retributive murders carried out in Kansas and neighboring Missouri
1861-1865 Kansas in the American Civil War: 1861-1865 Kansas in the American Civil War
American 'Indian' reservations in Kansas: American 'Indian' reservations in Kansas
1929-1933 Native American Charles Curtis 31st Vice President of the USA: Kaw Nation Native American Indian Charles Curtis 1860–1936 was a longtime USA Senator and 1929-1933 the 31st Vice President of the USA, the only native Kansan and only Indian to hold the post
Economy of Kansas: Economy of Kansas
Agriculture in Kansas: Agriculture in Kansas
Labor relations in Kansas: Labor relations in Kansas
List of cities in Kansas: List of cities in Kansas
Townships in Kansas: Townships in Kansas - List of townships in Kansas - Townships in Kansas by county
Topeka city: Topeka city, the capital of Kansas and the seat of Shawnee County, located along the Kansas River in the central part of Shawnee County, with a population of 127,473 citizens in 2010, as the Topeka Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Shawnee, Jackson, Jefferson, Osage, and Wabaunsee counties, had a population of 233,870 in 2010 - History of Topeka, as for many millennia, Native Americans inhabited the Great Plains of North America
Economy of Topeka: Economy of Topeka
Since 1854 timeline of Topeka: Timeline of Topeka since 1854
1855 Topeka Constitutional Convention: 1855 Constitution Hall built in Topeka and Topeka Constitutional Convention held
1865 University established at Topeka as 'Lincoln College': 1865 Washburn Public University established at Topeka as 'Lincoln College'
Kansas City: Kansas City, the third-largest city in the State of Kansas, the county seat of Wyandotte County, and the third-largest city of the Kansas City metropolitan area, situated at Kaw Point, which is the junction of the Missouri and Kansas rivers
Kansas City metropolitan area: Kansas City metropolitan area, a bi-state 14-county metropolitan area straddling the border between the USA states of Missouri and Kansas, with a population of 2,487,053 (2018 estimate) and the largest metropolitan area in Kansas
Economy of Kansas City in Kansas: Economy of Kansas City, Kansas
Wichita city: Wichita city, located in south-